Boys’ Club: Cultural Inheritance and Social Networks and their Effects on Labor Market outcomes

35 Pages Posted: 30 Nov 2021 Last revised: 7 Dec 2021

See all articles by Lorena Hakak

Lorena Hakak

FEA; UFABC

Nicole de Alves

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Daniel Lopes

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Date Written: November 29, 2021

Abstract

This study aims to identify the causal effect of cultural inheritance on formal labor market variables via the network effect. The identification strategy is based on an epidemiological approach to understanding cultural effects on economic variables that allows us to separate cultural aspects between groups that share the same institutions and economic environments. For this, a rich database is organized based on the identification of individuals of Jewish and non-Jewish Polish descent. The results of the income difference between these two groups are explained by the labor network effect. Furthermore, we find an important difference in the role of gender in the formation of these networks, such that the network effect is mainly produced by the network formed by men.

Keywords: labor market, gender, networks, family ties, culture

JEL Classification: J01, J15, J62, D85.

Suggested Citation

Hakak, Lorena and Alves, Nicole de and Lopes, Daniel, Boys’ Club: Cultural Inheritance and Social Networks and their Effects on Labor Market outcomes (November 29, 2021). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3973552 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3973552

Lorena Hakak (Contact Author)

FEA ( email )

Av. Prof. Luciano Gualberto 908
Sao Paulo SP, 05508-900
Brazil
551130915991 (Phone)
05508-010 (Fax)

UFABC ( email )

Brazil
11991667932 (Phone)

Nicole de Alves

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Daniel Lopes

affiliation not provided to SSRN

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