Virginia E. Harper Ho

City University of Hong Kong (CityU) - School of Law

Professor of Law

Li Dak Sum Yip Yio Chin Academic Building

83 Tat Chee Avenue

Kowloon Tong, Kowloon, Kowloon

Hong Kong

http://https://www.cityu.edu.hk/

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

28

DOWNLOADS
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Top 5,898

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10,851

SSRN CITATIONS
Rank 21,513

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 21,513

in Total Papers Citations

25

CROSSREF CITATIONS

21

Scholarly Papers (28)

1.

'Enlightened Shareholder Value': Corporate Governance Beyond the Shareholder-Stakeholder Divide

Journal of Corporation Law, Vol. 36, No. 1, p. 59, 2010
Number of pages: 54 Posted: 21 Sep 2009 Last Revised: 03 Feb 2014
Virginia E. Harper Ho
City University of Hong Kong (CityU) - School of Law
Downloads 3,855 (4,074)
Citation 21

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enlightened shareholder value, stakeholder, ESG, risk management, institutional investor, shareholder activism, shareholder primacy, director primacy, Principles for Responsible Investment, PRI, SRI

2.

Modernizing ESG Disclosure

2022 University of Illinois Law Review 277 (2022)
Number of pages: 76 Posted: 13 May 2021 Last Revised: 06 Jun 2022
Virginia E. Harper Ho
City University of Hong Kong (CityU) - School of Law
Downloads 742 (50,800)

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securities regulation, ESG, disclosure, sustainability, climate, risk, finance, non-financial, reporting

3.

'Comply or Explain' and the Future of Nonfinancial Reporting

21 Lewis & Clark Law Review 317 (2017)
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 23 Jan 2017 Last Revised: 17 Aug 2017
Virginia E. Harper Ho
City University of Hong Kong (CityU) - School of Law
Downloads 664 (58,982)
Citation 6

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disclosure, nonfinancial, corporate governance, securities, comply or explain, metastudy, reporting, materiality, ESG, sustainability

4.

Risk-Related Activism: The Business Case for Monitoring Nonfinancial Risk

41 J. Corp. L. 647 (2016)
Number of pages: 59 Posted: 20 Aug 2014 Last Revised: 06 Nov 2016
Virginia E. Harper Ho
City University of Hong Kong (CityU) - School of Law
Downloads 523 (79,778)
Citation 5

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risk oversight, risk management, risk, shareholder, activism, hedge funds, institutional investor, ESG, corporate social responsibility

5.

Nonfinancial Risk Disclosure & The Costs of Private Ordering

55 American Business Law Journal 407 (Fall 2018) , University of Oslo Faculty of Law Research Paper No. 2018-01
Number of pages: 68 Posted: 25 Jan 2018 Last Revised: 20 Aug 2019
Virginia E. Harper Ho
City University of Hong Kong (CityU) - School of Law
Downloads 450 (95,182)
Citation 1

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securities, disclosure, private ordering, risk, sustainability, ESG, nonfinancial, market efficiency

6.

Theories of Corporate Groups: Corporate Identity Reconceived

Seton Hall Law Review, Vol. 42, 2012
Number of pages: 74 Posted: 25 Aug 2011 Last Revised: 29 Aug 2012
Virginia E. Harper Ho
City University of Hong Kong (CityU) - School of Law
Downloads 433 (99,470)
Citation 2

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Corporations, Theory of the Firm, Corporate Groups, MNEs, Multinational Enterprise, Hierarchies, Network, Firm, Citizens United, Kiobel, Alien Tort Statute, Human Rights, Enterprise

7.

Beyond Regulation: A Comparative Look at State-Centric Corporate Social Responsibility and the Law in China

46 Vanderbilt Journal of Transnational Law 375 (2013)
Number of pages: 68 Posted: 11 Jan 2012 Last Revised: 05 Nov 2014
Virginia E. Harper Ho
City University of Hong Kong (CityU) - School of Law
Downloads 402 (108,526)
Citation 2

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corporate social responsibility, governance, comparative, legal compliance

8.

ESG Disclosure in Comparative Perspective: Optimizing Private Ordering in Public Reporting

University of Pennsylvania Journal of International Law, Vol. 41, No. 2, 2019
Number of pages: 80 Posted: 25 Oct 2019 Last Revised: 23 Feb 2020
Virginia E. Harper Ho and Stephen Park
City University of Hong Kong (CityU) - School of Law and University of Connecticut - School of Business
Downloads 387 (114,344)

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disclosure, social disclosure, ESG, securities regulation, securities law, private governance, private ordering

9.

Disclosure Overload? Lessons for Risk Disclosure & ESG Reporting Reform from the Regulation S-K Concept Release

65 Villanova Law Review 67 (2020)
Number of pages: 92 Posted: 20 Sep 2019 Last Revised: 31 Aug 2020
Virginia E. Harper Ho
City University of Hong Kong (CityU) - School of Law
Downloads 381 (115,652)
Citation 1

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disclosure, securities law, ESG, Regulation S-K, sustainability, empirical

10.

Sustainable Finance & China's Green Credit Reforms: A Test Case for Bank Monitoring of Environmental Risk

Cornell International Law Journal, Vol. 51, No. 3, 2018, University of Oslo Faculty of Law Research Paper No. 2019-03
Number of pages: 75 Posted: 20 Feb 2018 Last Revised: 21 Aug 2019
Virginia E. Harper Ho
City University of Hong Kong (CityU) - School of Law
Downloads 374 (117,731)
Citation 4

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corporate governance, creditor, bank, sustainability, finance, risk management, agency costs, monitoring, green finance, green credit, green bond, sustainable finance, China, ESG, international finance, financial institutions

11.

From Contracts to Compliance? An Early Look at Implementation Under China's New Labor Legislation

Columbia Journal of Asian Law, Vol. 23, No. 1, p. 34, 2009
Number of pages: 75 Posted: 11 Jul 2009 Last Revised: 14 Aug 2010
Virginia E. Harper Ho
City University of Hong Kong (CityU) - School of Law
Downloads 354 (125,119)
Citation 1

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China, labor law, implementation, compliance, employer, employee, worker, labor contract, labor inspection, union, mobilization

12.

Corporate Governance as Risk Regulation in China: A Comparative View of Risk Oversight, Risk Management, and Accountability

European Journal of Risk Regulation vol. 4: 463-475 (2012)
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 28 Aug 2012 Last Revised: 15 Jan 2020
Virginia E. Harper Ho
City University of Hong Kong (CityU) - School of Law
Downloads 350 (126,698)

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corporate governance, risk management, ERM, China, Europe, internal controls, stakeholders, corporate social responsibility

13.

Non-Financial Reporting & Corporate Governance: Explaining American Divergence & Its Implications for Disclosure Reform

10(2) J. Accounting, Economics & Law 1 (2019). DOI: 10.1515/ael-2018-0043
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 14 Apr 2020 Last Revised: 23 Mar 2022
Virginia E. Harper Ho
City University of Hong Kong (CityU) - School of Law
Downloads 233 (192,095)

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securities law, corporate governance, disclosure, ESG, non-financial, reporting, path dependency, private ordering, shareholder primacy, shareholder wealth maximization

14.

Of Enterprise Principles & Corporate Groups: Does Corporate Law Reach Human Rights?

52 Columbia Journal of Transnational Law 113 (2013)
Number of pages: 61 Posted: 14 Mar 2013 Last Revised: 05 Nov 2014
Virginia E. Harper Ho
City University of Hong Kong (CityU) - School of Law
Downloads 201 (220,432)

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corporate governance, jurisdiction, extraterritorial, human rights, corporate group, enterprise theory, corporate network

15.

The Limits of Enlightened Shareholder Activism

International Journal for Financial Services / Revue Internationale des Services Financiers (2022)
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 08 Feb 2022 Last Revised: 30 Mar 2022
Virginia E. Harper Ho
City University of Hong Kong (CityU) - School of Law
Downloads 198 (225,326)

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shareholder activism, ESG, corporate governance, enlightened shareholder value

16.

Board Duties: Monitoring, Risk Management, and Compliance

Research Handbook on Comparative Corporate Governance (Afra Afsharipour & Martin Gelter eds., Edward Elgar: 2021)
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 04 May 2020 Last Revised: 31 Mar 2022
Virginia E. Harper Ho
City University of Hong Kong (CityU) - School of Law
Downloads 183 (239,373)

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corporate governance, fiduciary duty, comparative, risk management, risk oversight, compliance, corporate board, emerging risk

17.

Corporate Social Responsibility in China: Law & the Business Case for Strategic CSR

12 S. Car. J. Int'l L. & Bus. 1 (2015)
Number of pages: 40 Posted: 13 Oct 2017
Virginia E. Harper Ho
City University of Hong Kong (CityU) - School of Law
Downloads 167 (258,772)

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China, corporate social responsibility, business case, CSR, institutional theory, strategic CSR, corporate social performance

18.

Toward Corporate Group Accountability

In Handbook of Corporate Liability (Martin Petrin & Christian Witting (eds), Edward Elgar: 2022), City University of Hong Kong School of Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2022-016
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 24 Mar 2022 Last Revised: 20 Jul 2022
Virginia E. Harper Ho, Gerlinde Berger-Walliser and Rachel Chambers
City University of Hong Kong (CityU) - School of Law, University of Connecticut - School of Business and University of Connecticut - School of Business
Downloads 134 (308,874)

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corporate groups, group liability, enterprise, accountability, tort, vicarious liability, human rights, parent, subsidiary, transnational, multinational, fiduciary duty, jurisdiction

19.

The Recursivity of Reform: China's Amended Labor Contract Law

37 Fordham International Law Journal 973 (2014)
Number of pages: 62 Posted: 07 Nov 2013 Last Revised: 09 Aug 2014
Virginia E. Harper Ho and Qiaoyan Huang
City University of Hong Kong (CityU) - School of Law and Sun Yat-sen University (SYSU)
Downloads 126 (323,444)

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labor, employment, informalization, China, Chinese, Labor Contract Law, recursivity, legal reform, nonstandard work, compliance

20.

From Public Policy to Materiality: Non-Financial Reporting, Shareholder Engagement, & the Rule 14a-8 Ordinary Business Exception

76 Washington & Lee Law Review 3 (2019)
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 22 Aug 2019
Virginia E. Harper Ho
City University of Hong Kong (CityU) - School of Law
Downloads 125 (325,338)
Citation 2

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shareholder activism, disclosure, Rule 14a-8, shareholder proposal, ordinary business, risk, sustainability, ESG

21.

Sustainable Investment & Asset Management: From Resistance to Retooling

In Investment Management, Stewardship and Sustainability, Iris Chiu & Hans-Christoph Hirt, eds. (Hart Publishing: 2022)., City University of Hong Kong School of Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2022-006
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 24 Mar 2022 Last Revised: 07 Jul 2022
Virginia E. Harper Ho
City University of Hong Kong (CityU) - School of Law
Downloads 109 (358,311)

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investment management, sustainability, activism, ESG corporate governance, sustainable finance, asset management, fiduciary duty, ERISA, investment adviser, investment company, pension fund, engagement, investor stewardship, reporting, disclosure

22.

Disclosure Overload? Lessons for Risk Disclosure and ESG Reporting Reform from the Regulation S-K Concept Release

The Conference Board: Sustainability Matters (Aug. 2020)
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 19 Oct 2020
Virginia E. Harper Ho
City University of Hong Kong (CityU) - School of Law
Downloads 88 (411,361)

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ESG, sustainability, disclosure, securities regulation, reporting, board of directors, risk

23.

Sustainability in the Mainstream: Why Investors Care and What it Means for Corporate Boards

The Conference Board - Director Notes, November 2017
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 04 Dec 2017 Last Revised: 19 Oct 2020
Virginia E. Harper Ho
City University of Hong Kong (CityU) - School of Law
Downloads 83 (426,225)

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Sustainability, ESG, Institutional Investors, Corporate Governance, Investor Stewardship, UNPRI, Proxy Voting, Shareholder Proposal

24.

The Pursuit of Happiness with Chinese Characteristics

82 UMKC Law Review 915 (2014)
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 14 Mar 2014 Last Revised: 14 Feb 2015
Virginia E. Harper Ho
City University of Hong Kong (CityU) - School of Law
Downloads 71 (465,229)

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China, Chinese Dream, legal reform, civil society, domestic policy

25.

A Network Innovation Model of Transnational Regulatory Change: Applications in Sustainable Finance

American Journal of Comparative Law (2023 Forthcoming ), City University of Hong Kong School of Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. No. 2022 (2) - 004
Number of pages: 48 Posted: 27 Apr 2022 Last Revised: 13 Oct 2022
Virginia E. Harper Ho
City University of Hong Kong (CityU) - School of Law
Downloads 69 (472,308)

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comparative law, transnational,innovation, networks, regulatory networks, transnational legal orders, transplant, policy diffusion, institutional change, sustainable finance, green finance, harmonization

26.

Sustainable Finance & the Public Turn in Corporate Law

In A Research Agenda for Corporate Law (Christopher Bruner & Marc Moore (eds), Edward Elgar: 2022). , City University of Hong Kong School of Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2022-018
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 16 Jun 2022 Last Revised: 20 Jul 2022
Virginia E. Harper Ho
City University of Hong Kong (CityU) - School of Law
Downloads 66 (483,256)

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corporate governance, sustainable finance, shareholder activism, corporate purpose, risk management, climate risk

27.

Team Production & the Multinational Enterprise

Seattle University Law Review, Vol. 38, No. 499, 2015
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 14 Feb 2015
Virginia E. Harper Ho
City University of Hong Kong (CityU) - School of Law
Downloads 59 (510,819)
Citation 1

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corporate governance, multinational enterprise, stakeholder, team production theory

28.

Commentary on Smith v. Van Gorkom - Feminist Judgments: Rewritten Corporate Law

Feminist Judgments: Rewritten Corporate Law Opinions (Anne Choike, Usha R. Rodrigues, & Kelli Alces Williams, eds. 2022, Forthcoming)., City University of Hong Kong School of Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2022-004
Number of pages: 8 Posted: 10 Mar 2022 Last Revised: 13 Apr 2022
Virginia E. Harper Ho
City University of Hong Kong (CityU) - School of Law
Downloads 24 (705,605)

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feminist, corporate governance, judgment, opinion, fiduciary duty, religion, ethics, faith, duty of care, Van Gorkom, diversity, gender

Other Papers (1)

Total Downloads: 43
1.

The Power of Presence

5 J. Christian Leg. Thought 3 (2015)
Number of pages: 2 Posted: 12 Jun 2015 Last Revised: 21 Aug 2019
Virginia E. Harper Ho
City University of Hong Kong (CityU) - School of Law
Downloads 43

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mentoring, faith