Virginia E. Harper Ho

City University of Hong Kong (CityU) - School of Law

Professor of Law

Li Dak Sum Yip Yio Chin Academic Building

83 Tat Chee Avenue

Kowloon Tong, Kowloon, Kowloon

Hong Kong

http://https://www.cityu.edu.hk/

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

27

DOWNLOADS
Rank 6,223

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 6,223

in Total Papers Downloads

9,707

SSRN CITATIONS
Rank 21,525

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 21,525

in Total Papers Citations

25

CROSSREF CITATIONS

21

Scholarly Papers (27)

1.

'Enlightened Shareholder Value': Corporate Governance Beyond the Shareholder-Stakeholder Divide

Journal of Corporation Law, Vol. 36, No. 1, p. 59, 2010
Number of pages: 54 Posted: 21 Sep 2009 Last Revised: 03 Feb 2014
Virginia E. Harper Ho
City University of Hong Kong (CityU) - School of Law
Downloads 3,714 (3,951)
Citation 21

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enlightened shareholder value, stakeholder, ESG, risk management, institutional investor, shareholder activism, shareholder primacy, director primacy, Principles for Responsible Investment, PRI, SRI

2.

'Comply or Explain' and the Future of Nonfinancial Reporting

21 Lewis & Clark Law Review 317 (2017)
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 23 Jan 2017 Last Revised: 17 Aug 2017
Virginia E. Harper Ho
City University of Hong Kong (CityU) - School of Law
Downloads 565 (67,286)
Citation 6

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disclosure, nonfinancial, corporate governance, securities, comply or explain, metastudy, reporting, materiality, ESG, sustainability

3.

Modernizing ESG Disclosure

2022 University of Illinois Law Review, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 76 Posted: 13 May 2021 Last Revised: 22 Nov 2021
Virginia E. Harper Ho
City University of Hong Kong (CityU) - School of Law
Downloads 529 (73,067)

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securities regulation, ESG, disclosure, sustainability, climate, risk, finance, non-financial, reporting

4.

Risk-Related Activism: The Business Case for Monitoring Nonfinancial Risk

41 J. Corp. L. 647 (2016)
Number of pages: 59 Posted: 20 Aug 2014 Last Revised: 06 Nov 2016
Virginia E. Harper Ho
City University of Hong Kong (CityU) - School of Law
Downloads 492 (79,808)
Citation 5

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risk oversight, risk management, risk, shareholder, activism, hedge funds, institutional investor, ESG, corporate social responsibility

5.

Nonfinancial Risk Disclosure & The Costs of Private Ordering

55 American Business Law Journal 407 (Fall 2018) , University of Oslo Faculty of Law Research Paper No. 2018-01
Number of pages: 68 Posted: 25 Jan 2018 Last Revised: 20 Aug 2019
Virginia E. Harper Ho
City University of Hong Kong (CityU) - School of Law
Downloads 424 (95,183)
Citation 1

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securities, disclosure, private ordering, risk, sustainability, ESG, nonfinancial, market efficiency

6.

Theories of Corporate Groups: Corporate Identity Reconceived

Seton Hall Law Review, Vol. 42, 2012
Number of pages: 74 Posted: 25 Aug 2011 Last Revised: 29 Aug 2012
Virginia E. Harper Ho
City University of Hong Kong (CityU) - School of Law
Downloads 416 (97,296)
Citation 2

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Corporations, Theory of the Firm, Corporate Groups, MNEs, Multinational Enterprise, Hierarchies, Network, Firm, Citizens United, Kiobel, Alien Tort Statute, Human Rights, Enterprise

7.

Beyond Regulation: A Comparative Look at State-Centric Corporate Social Responsibility and the Law in China

46 Vanderbilt Journal of Transnational Law 375 (2013)
Number of pages: 68 Posted: 11 Jan 2012 Last Revised: 05 Nov 2014
Virginia E. Harper Ho
City University of Hong Kong (CityU) - School of Law
Downloads 389 (105,129)
Citation 2

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corporate social responsibility, governance, comparative, legal compliance

8.

From Contracts to Compliance? An Early Look at Implementation Under China's New Labor Legislation

Columbia Journal of Asian Law, Vol. 23, No. 1, p. 34, 2009
Number of pages: 75 Posted: 11 Jul 2009 Last Revised: 14 Aug 2010
Virginia E. Harper Ho
City University of Hong Kong (CityU) - School of Law
Downloads 348 (118,993)
Citation 1

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China, labor law, implementation, compliance, employer, employee, worker, labor contract, labor inspection, union, mobilization

9.

Corporate Governance as Risk Regulation in China: A Comparative View of Risk Oversight, Risk Management, and Accountability

European Journal of Risk Regulation vol. 4: 463-475 (2012)
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 28 Aug 2012 Last Revised: 15 Jan 2020
Virginia E. Harper Ho
City University of Hong Kong (CityU) - School of Law
Downloads 346 (119,761)

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corporate governance, risk management, ERM, China, Europe, internal controls, stakeholders, corporate social responsibility

10.

Disclosure Overload? Lessons for Risk Disclosure & ESG Reporting Reform from the Regulation S-K Concept Release

65 Villanova Law Review 67 (2020)
Number of pages: 92 Posted: 20 Sep 2019 Last Revised: 31 Aug 2020
Virginia E. Harper Ho
City University of Hong Kong (CityU) - School of Law
Downloads 345 (120,121)
Citation 1

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disclosure, securities law, ESG, Regulation S-K, sustainability, empirical

11.

Sustainable Finance & China's Green Credit Reforms: A Test Case for Bank Monitoring of Environmental Risk

Cornell International Law Journal, Vol. 51, No. 3, 2018, University of Oslo Faculty of Law Research Paper No. 2019-03
Number of pages: 75 Posted: 20 Feb 2018 Last Revised: 21 Aug 2019
Virginia E. Harper Ho
City University of Hong Kong (CityU) - School of Law
Downloads 339 (122,599)
Citation 4

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corporate governance, creditor, bank, sustainability, finance, risk management, agency costs, monitoring, green finance, green credit, green bond, sustainable finance, China, ESG, international finance, financial institutions

12.

ESG Disclosure in Comparative Perspective: Optimizing Private Ordering in Public Reporting

University of Pennsylvania Journal of International Law, Vol. 41, No. 2, 2019
Number of pages: 80 Posted: 25 Oct 2019 Last Revised: 23 Feb 2020
Virginia E. Harper Ho and Stephen Park
City University of Hong Kong (CityU) - School of Law and University of Connecticut - School of Business
Downloads 310 (134,640)

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disclosure, social disclosure, ESG, securities regulation, securities law, private governance, private ordering

13.

Non-Financial Reporting & Corporate Governance: Explaining American Divergence & Its Implications for Disclosure Reform

10(2) J. Accounting, Economics & Law 1 (2019). DOI: 10.1515/ael-2018-0043
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 14 Apr 2020 Last Revised: 23 Mar 2022
Virginia E. Harper Ho
City University of Hong Kong (CityU) - School of Law
Downloads 199 (207,981)

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securities law, corporate governance, disclosure, ESG, non-financial, reporting, path dependency, private ordering, shareholder primacy, shareholder wealth maximization

14.

Of Enterprise Principles & Corporate Groups: Does Corporate Law Reach Human Rights?

52 Columbia Journal of Transnational Law 113 (2013)
Number of pages: 61 Posted: 14 Mar 2013 Last Revised: 05 Nov 2014
Virginia E. Harper Ho
City University of Hong Kong (CityU) - School of Law
Downloads 187 (219,776)

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corporate governance, jurisdiction, extraterritorial, human rights, corporate group, enterprise theory, corporate network

15.

Corporate Social Responsibility in China: Law & the Business Case for Strategic CSR

12 S. Car. J. Int'l L. & Bus. 1 (2015)
Number of pages: 40 Posted: 13 Oct 2017
Virginia E. Harper Ho
City University of Hong Kong (CityU) - School of Law
Downloads 161 (249,588)

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China, corporate social responsibility, business case, CSR, institutional theory, strategic CSR, corporate social performance

16.

Board Duties: Monitoring, Risk Management, and Compliance

Research Handbook on Comparative Corporate Governance (Afra Afsharipour & Martin Gelter eds., Edward Elgar: 2021)
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 04 May 2020 Last Revised: 31 Mar 2022
Virginia E. Harper Ho
City University of Hong Kong (CityU) - School of Law
Downloads 149 (265,964)

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corporate governance, fiduciary duty, comparative, risk management, risk oversight, compliance, corporate board, emerging risk

17.

The Limits of Enlightened Shareholder Activism

International Journal for Financial Services / Revue Internationale des Services Financiers (2022)
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 08 Feb 2022 Last Revised: 30 Mar 2022
Virginia E. Harper Ho
City University of Hong Kong (CityU) - School of Law
Downloads 132 (292,118)

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shareholder activism, ESG, corporate governance, enlightened shareholder value

18.

The Recursivity of Reform: China's Amended Labor Contract Law

37 Fordham International Law Journal 973 (2014)
Number of pages: 62 Posted: 07 Nov 2013 Last Revised: 09 Aug 2014
Virginia E. Harper Ho and Qiaoyan Huang
City University of Hong Kong (CityU) - School of Law and Sun Yat-sen University (SYSU)
Downloads 123 (307,927)

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labor, employment, informalization, China, Chinese, Labor Contract Law, recursivity, legal reform, nonstandard work, compliance

19.

From Public Policy to Materiality: Non-Financial Reporting, Shareholder Engagement, & the Rule 14a-8 Ordinary Business Exception

76 Washington & Lee Law Review 3 (2019)
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 22 Aug 2019
Virginia E. Harper Ho
City University of Hong Kong (CityU) - School of Law
Downloads 111 (331,317)
Citation 2

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shareholder activism, disclosure, Rule 14a-8, shareholder proposal, ordinary business, risk, sustainability, ESG

20.

Sustainability in the Mainstream: Why Investors Care and What it Means for Corporate Boards

The Conference Board - Director Notes, November 2017
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 04 Dec 2017 Last Revised: 19 Oct 2020
Virginia E. Harper Ho
City University of Hong Kong (CityU) - School of Law
Downloads 77 (416,089)

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Sustainability, ESG, Institutional Investors, Corporate Governance, Investor Stewardship, UNPRI, Proxy Voting, Shareholder Proposal

21.

Disclosure Overload? Lessons for Risk Disclosure and ESG Reporting Reform from the Regulation S-K Concept Release

The Conference Board: Sustainability Matters (Aug. 2020)
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 19 Oct 2020
Virginia E. Harper Ho
City University of Hong Kong (CityU) - School of Law
Downloads 69 (441,740)

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ESG, sustainability, disclosure, securities regulation, reporting, board of directors, risk

22.

The Pursuit of Happiness with Chinese Characteristics

82 UMKC Law Review 915 (2014)
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 14 Mar 2014 Last Revised: 14 Feb 2015
Virginia E. Harper Ho
City University of Hong Kong (CityU) - School of Law
Downloads 69 (441,740)

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China, Chinese Dream, legal reform, civil society, domestic policy

23.

Toward Corporate Group Accountability

City University of Hong Kong School of Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2022-005
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 24 Mar 2022 Last Revised: 14 Apr 2022
Virginia E. Harper Ho, Gerlinde Berger-Walliser and Rachel Chambers
City University of Hong Kong (CityU) - School of Law, University of Connecticut - School of Business and University of Connecticut - School of Business
Downloads 67 (448,538)

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corporate groups, group liability, enterprise, accountability, tort, vicarious liability, human rights, parent, subsidiary, transnational, multinational, fiduciary duty, jurisdiction

24.

Team Production & the Multinational Enterprise

Seattle University Law Review, Vol. 38, No. 499, 2015
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 14 Feb 2015
Virginia E. Harper Ho
City University of Hong Kong (CityU) - School of Law
Downloads 57 (485,397)
Citation 1

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corporate governance, multinational enterprise, stakeholder, team production theory

25.

Sustainable Investment & Asset Management: From Resistance to Retooling

City University of Hong Kong School of Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2022-006
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 24 Mar 2022 Last Revised: 14 Apr 2022
Virginia E. Harper Ho
City University of Hong Kong (CityU) - School of Law
Downloads 50 (514,159)

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investment management, sustainability, activism, ESG corporate governance, sustainable finance, asset management, fiduciary duty, ERISA, investment adviser, investment company, pension fund, engagement, investor stewardship, reporting, disclosure

26.

A Network Innovation Model of Transnational Regulatory Change: Applications in Sustainable Finance

American Journal of Comparative Law (forthcoming 2023)
Number of pages: 48 Posted: 27 Apr 2022
Virginia E. Harper Ho
City University of Hong Kong (CityU) - School of Law
Downloads 24 (656,750)

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comparative law, transnational,innovation, networks, regulatory networks, transnational legal orders, transplant, policy diffusion, institutional change, sustainable finance, green finance, harmonization

27.

Commentary on Smith v. Van Gorkom - Feminist Judgments: Rewritten Corporate Law

Feminist Judgments: Rewritten Corporate Law Opinions (Anne Choike, Usha R. Rodrigues, & Kelli Alces Williams, eds. 2022, Forthcoming)., City University of Hong Kong School of Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2022-004
Number of pages: 8 Posted: 10 Mar 2022 Last Revised: 13 Apr 2022
Virginia E. Harper Ho
City University of Hong Kong (CityU) - School of Law
Downloads 15 (725,165)

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feminist, corporate governance, judgment, opinion, fiduciary duty, religion, ethics, faith, duty of care, Van Gorkom, diversity, gender

Other Papers (1)

Total Downloads: 40
1.

The Power of Presence

5 J. Christian Leg. Thought 3 (2015)
Number of pages: 2 Posted: 12 Jun 2015 Last Revised: 21 Aug 2019
Virginia E. Harper Ho
City University of Hong Kong (CityU) - School of Law
Downloads 40

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mentoring, faith