Martin Kretschmer

School of Law

Professor of Intellectual Property Law, Director of CREATe

CREATe, School of Law

10 The Square

Glasgow, G12 8QQ

United Kingdom

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

42

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28

CROSSREF CITATIONS

44

Scholarly Papers (42)

1.

The Reference to the CJEU in Case C-466/12 Svensson

University of Cambridge Faculty of Law Research Paper No. 6/2013
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 18 Feb 2013 Last Revised: 25 Feb 2013
University of Cambridge - Faculty of Law, University of Nottingham, School of law, Chicago-Kent College of Law, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, SciencesPo, Université de Strasbourg - CEIPI, Queen Mary University of London, School of Law, Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition, University of Amsterdam, Institute for Information Law (IViR), Leuven University (KU Leuven), School of Law, Leibniz Universität Hannover, Goethe University Frankfurt - Faculty of Law, University of Turin - Faculty of Law, Institute for Information Law (IViR), University of Amsterdam, Saint Louis University and Universitat Oberta de Catalunya (UOC)
Downloads 2,209 (8,099)
Citation 1

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copyright, hyperlinks, Article 3, copyright directive

2.

Limitations and Exceptions as Key Elements of the Legal Framework for Copyright in the European Union – Opinion on the Judgment of the CJEU in Case C-201/13 Deckmyn

Number of pages: 12 Posted: 15 Feb 2015 Last Revised: 10 May 2016
Queen Mary University of London, School of Law, Université de Strasbourg - CEIPI, Institute for Information Law (IViR), University of Amsterdam, Universitat Oberta de Catalunya (UOC), University of Cambridge - Faculty of Law, University of Nottingham, School of law, Chicago-Kent College of Law, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, SciencesPo, Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition, University of Amsterdam, Institute for Information Law (IViR), Leuven University (KU Leuven), School of Law, Leibniz Universität Hannover, Goethe University Frankfurt - Faculty of Law, University of Turin - Faculty of Law, University of Oslo and Saint Louis University
Downloads 1,003 (27,580)
Citation 2

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copyright, European Union, exceptions, limitations, Court of Justice, parody, freedom of expression, harmonisation, discrimination

3.

Is There a EU Copyright Jurisprudence? An Empirical Analysis of the Workings of the European Court of Justice

Modern Law Review 79(1): 31-75 (January 2016)
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 15 Aug 2015 Last Revised: 14 Jan 2016
Marcella Favale, Martin Kretschmer and Paul L.C. Torremans
Bournemouth University, School of Law and Independent
Downloads 909 (31,738)
Citation 1

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Court of Justice of the European Union, CJEU, Copyright, European jurisprudence, Advocate General, harmonization, European Union

4.
Downloads 895 ( 32,435)
Citation 5

The Relationship between Copyright and Contract Law

M. Kretschmer, E. Derclaye, M. Favale, R. Watt, The Relationship between Copyright and Contract Law: A Review commissioned by the UK Strategic Advisory Board for Intellectual Property Policy (SABIP), 2010
Number of pages: 182 Posted: 30 Jun 2015
School of Law, University of Nottingham, School of law, Bournemouth University and University of Canterbury - Economics and Finance
Downloads 761 (39,915)

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Copyright, contract, royalties, exceptions

The Relationship between Copyright and Contract Law

Intellectual Property Office Research Paper No. 2010 (04)
Number of pages: 150 Posted: 04 Jan 2016
School of Law, University of Nottingham, School of law, University of Nottingham and University of Canterbury - Economics and Finance
Downloads 134 (262,605)
Citation 8

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Private Copying and Fair Compensation: An Empirical Study of Copyright Levies in Europe

An Independent Report Commissioned by the UK Intellectual Property Office. ISBN: 978-1-908908-11-7
Number of pages: 80 Posted: 22 May 2012 Last Revised: 06 Aug 2012
Martin Kretschmer
School of Law
Downloads 591 (55,894)

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copyright, private copying, copyright levies

Private Copying and Fair Compensation: An Empirical Study of Copyright Levies in Europe

Intellectual Property Office Research Paper No. 2011/9
Number of pages: 80 Posted: 04 Jan 2016
Martin Kretschmer
School of Law
Downloads 170 (215,451)
Citation 11

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6.

The Valuation of Unprotected Works: A Case Study of Public Domain Photographs on Wikipedia

Number of pages: 30 Posted: 06 Feb 2015
Paul J. Heald, Kris Erickson and Martin Kretschmer
University of Illinois College of Law, University of Leeds and School of Law
Downloads 675 (47,616)
Citation 1

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public domain, copyright, valuation, econometrics, Wikipedia, photographs, composers, lyricists, value

7.

Strategic Behaviour in the International Exploitation of TV Formats: A Case Study of the Idols Format

Chapter 1 in edited volume – Idols: Authenticity, Identity and Performance in a Global Television Format (eds. Koos Zwaan and Joost de Bruin), Farnham: Ashgate (2012)
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 22 May 2012
Sukhpreet Singh and Martin Kretschmer
University of Edinburgh and School of Law
Downloads 608 (54,578)

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TV formats, television formats, copyright

8.

Copyright and the Economic Effects of Parody: An Empirical Study of Music Videos on the Youtube Platform and an Assessment of the Regulatory Options

Intellectual Property Office Research Paper No. 2013/24
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 05 May 2015
Kris Erickson, Martin Kretschmer and Dinusha Mendis
University of Leeds, School of Law and Bournemouth University
Downloads 573 (58,716)

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parody, copyright, YouTube, music industry, fair dealing, IP, Hargreaves Review

9.

Does Copyright Law Matter? An Empirical Analysis of Creators’ Earnings

Number of pages: 37 Posted: 21 May 2012
Martin Kretschmer
School of Law
Downloads 542 (63,023)

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copyright, artists' earnings

10.

The European Commission's Public Consultation on the Role of Publishers in the Copyright Value Chain: A Response by the European Copyright Society

European Intellectual Property Review (E.I.P.R.), Vol. 38(10), pp.591-595, 2016
Number of pages: 8 Posted: 12 Oct 2016
School of Law, SciencesPo, Université de Strasbourg - CEIPI and University of Amsterdam, Institute for Information Law (IViR)
Downloads 402 (90,310)

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Copyright, Neighbouring Right, Ancillary Right, Publishers, Press, EU Law

11.

Copyright Contracts and Earnings of Visual Creators: A Survey of 5,800 British Designers, Fine Artists, Illustrators and Photographers

Number of pages: 178 Posted: 16 Feb 2020
School of Law, University of Cambridge - Faculty of Law, University of Edinburgh and University of Cambridge
Downloads 383 (95,553)
Citation 7

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copyright, creative labour markets, author, creator, rights, fine artist, illustrator, photographer

12.

'This Video is Unavailable': Analyzing Copyright Takedown of User-Generated Content on YouTube

(2018) Journal of Intellectual Property, Information Technology and E- Commerce Law (JIPITEC), 9(1)
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 22 Mar 2018 Last Revised: 06 May 2018
Kris Erickson and Martin Kretschmer
University of Leeds and School of Law
Downloads 338 (110,026)

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Copyright, Notice and Takedown, DMCA, YouTube, Parody, Hazards Model

13.

Copyright and the Value of the Public Domain: An Empirical Assessment

Intellectual Property Office Research Paper, 2015 Forthcoming, University of Illinois College of Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 15-16
Number of pages: 93 Posted: 28 Feb 2015 Last Revised: 11 Apr 2015
University of Leeds, University of Illinois College of Law, University of Zurich - Institute for Organization and Administrative Science, School of Law and Bournemouth University
Downloads 311 (120,392)

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Public domain, copyright, innovation, SMEs, creativity, crowdfunding, wikipedia, open source, media, intellectual property

14.

Ensuring the Visibility and Accessibility of European Creative Content on the World Market: The Need for Copyright Data Improvement in the Light of New Technologies

Number of pages: 19 Posted: 23 Mar 2021
Institute for Information Law (IViR), University of Amsterdam, Centre for IT & IP Law (CiTiP), Faculty of Law - KU Leuven, Reprex, University of Amsterdam - Institute for Information Law (IViR), University of Amsterdam - Institute for Information Law (IViR), Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Faculty of History and Arts, School of Law, University of Amsterdam - Institute for Information Law (IViR), University of Amsterdam - Institute for Information Law (IViR) and University of Copenhagen, Centre for Information and Innovation Law (CIIR)
Downloads 275 (137,124)

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copyright, metadata, artificial intelligence, creative industry, collective licensing, content moderation, recommender systems, digital services act, interoperability, transparency, trustworthy AI, cultural diversity, SME, market failure, market concentration, Music Modernization Act

15.

Authors’ Earnings from Copyright and Non-Copyright Sources: A Survey of 25,000 British and German Writers

Report published by Bournemouth University, UK; Centre for Intellectual Property Policy & Management (CIPPM); (216pp) December 2007
Number of pages: 216 Posted: 23 Jun 2015
Martin Kretschmer and Philip Hardwick
School of Law and Bournemouth University - Business School
Downloads 263 (143,454)
Citation 5

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earnings, copyright, contract, Gini

16.

Empirical Approaches to Intermediary Liability

Chapter 5 in THE OXFORD HANDBOOK OF INTERMEDIARY LIABILITY ONLINE (ed. Giancarlo Frosio), Oxford University Press, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 17 Jun 2019 Last Revised: 07 Oct 2019
Kris Erickson and Martin Kretschmer
University of Leeds and School of Law
Downloads 239 (157,558)

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intermediary liability, copyright, notice-and-takedown, platform regulation

17.

Introduction: The History of Copyright History

Introductory chapter to – Privilege and Property: Essays on the History of Copyright (eds. R. Deazley, M. Kretschmer, L. Bently), Cambridge: Open Book Publishers (2010)
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 13 Dec 2019
Martin Kretschmer, Lionel A. F. Bently and Ronan Deazley
School of Law, University of Cambridge - Faculty of Law and affiliation not provided to SSRN
Downloads 238 (158,246)
Citation 2

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copyright law, social & cultural history

18.

Who Is Steering the Jurisprudence of the European Court of Justice? The Influence of Member State Submissions on Copyright Law

Number of pages: 44 Posted: 02 Feb 2018 Last Revised: 06 Jan 2020
Marcella Favale, Martin Kretschmer and Paul L.C. Torremans
Bournemouth University, School of Law and Independent
Downloads 222 (169,172)
Citation 2

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CJEU; Copyright; Litigation; European Integration; Brexit

19.

Copyright, and the Regulation of Orphan Works: A Comparative Review of Seven Jurisdictions and a Rights Clearance Simulation

Number of pages: 134 Posted: 03 Jun 2015
Bournemouth University, University of Zurich - Institute for Organization and Administrative Science, School of Law, Bournemouth University and Bournemouth University
Downloads 213 (175,917)
Citation 2

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Orphan Works, Copyright, Mass Digitisation, Right Clearance, Cultural Heritage

20.

Creativity Stifled? A Joined Academic Statement on the Proposed Copyright Term Extension for Sound Recordings

European Intellectual Property Review (EIPR), Issue 9, 2008, pp. 341-347 Statement signed by 61 academics
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 21 May 2012
Martin Kretschmer
School of Law
Downloads 204 (183,151)
Citation 1

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Copyright, Duration, EU law, Music industry, Performers’ rights, Sound recordings

21.

CREATe Public Lectures on the Proposed EU Right for Press Publishers

European Intellectual Property Review 39(10): 607-622
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 10 Oct 2017
Thomas Hoppner, Martin Kretschmer and Raquel Xalabarder
Technical University Wildau, School of Law and Universitat Oberta de Catalunya (UOC)
Downloads 181 (203,935)

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Communication to the Public Right, Copyright, EU Law, Germany, News Reporting, Online Services, Press, Reproduction Right, Search Engines, Spain

22.

The European Commission's Public Consultation on the Review of EU Copyright Rules: A Response by the CREATe Centre

European Intellectual Property Review [E.I.P.R. 2014, 36(9), pp.547-553]
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 14 Oct 2014
School of Law, University of Glasgow, University of Newcastle - Law School, University of Leeds, University of Edinburgh - School of Law and University of Queensland - School of Economics
Downloads 160 (226,571)
Citation 1

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Copyright; Disabled persons; EU law; Libraries; Remuneration; Term of protection; User-generated content

23.

Copyright and Its Discontents

Chapter 16 in Oxford Handbook of the Creative and Cultural Industries; Edited by Candace Jones, Mark Lorenzen, and Jonathan Sapsed; February 2015
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 04 Dec 2014 Last Revised: 18 Jun 2015
Martin Kretschmer
School of Law
Downloads 123 (278,986)

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copyright, creative industries, production of culture

24.

Access and Reward in the Information Society: Regulating the Collective Management of Copyright

CIPPM Working paper, 2007
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 01 Mar 2016
Martin Kretschmer
School of Law
Downloads 122 (280,732)
Citation 2

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copyright, collecting societies, collective administration, competition, information society

25.

Copyright Term Reversion and the 'Use-It-Or-Lose-It' Principle

International Journal of Music Business Research (IJMBR) – ISSN 2227-5789 Issue 1, no. 1, April 2012
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 22 May 2012
Martin Kretschmer
School of Law
Downloads 118 (287,583)

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copyright, copyright term, term reversion

26.

What Constitutes Evidence for Copyright Policy?

Create Working Paper No. 1, January 2013, University of Illinois College of Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 15-30
Number of pages: 136 Posted: 01 Jul 2015 Last Revised: 11 Oct 2016
School of Law, Bournemouth University - Business School, Nesta, University of Nottingham, School of law, University of Newcastle - Law School, University of Leeds, Intellectual Property Office (IPO), Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Faculty of History and Arts, University of Illinois College of Law, Independent, Independent, University College London, University of Amsterdam - Institute for Information Law (IViR), University of Glasgow, Bournemouth University, Independent and University of Exeter - School of Law
Downloads 105 (311,756)
Citation 2

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copyright, evidence, methodology

27.

Comment of the European Copyright Society on the Implementation of the Extended Collective Licensing Rules (Arts. 8 and 12) of the Directive (EU) 2019/790 on Copyright in the Digital Single Market

Number of pages: 18 Posted: 13 Jul 2020
University of Copenhagen - Faculty of Law, University of Oslo, UVSQ-Paris Saclay, University of Cambridge - Faculty of Law, University of Nottingham, School of law, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, SciencesPo, Université de Strasbourg - CEIPI, Queen Mary University of London, School of Law, Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition, University of Amsterdam, Institute for Information Law (IViR), Leuven University (KU Leuven), School of Law, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Juristische Fakultät, Goethe University Frankfurt - Faculty of Law, Institute for Information Law (IViR), University of Amsterdam, Saint Louis University, University of Cyprus and Universitat Oberta de Catalunya (UOC)
Downloads 100 (322,121)

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EU Copyright Law, Extended Collective Licensing, Digital Single Market, Copyright Management Organisation, Out-of-Commerce Works

28.

Comment of the European Copyright Society Addressing Selected Aspects of the Implementation of Articles 18 to 22 of the Directive (EU) 2019/790 on Copyright in the Digital Single Market

University of Copenhagen Faculty of Law Research Paper No. 102
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 21 Oct 2020 Last Revised: 25 Mar 2021
UVSQ-Paris Saclay, University of Cambridge - Faculty of Law, University of Nottingham, School of law, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, SciencesPo, Université de Strasbourg - CEIPI, Queen Mary University of London, School of Law, Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition, University of Amsterdam, Institute for Information Law (IViR), Leuven University (KU Leuven), School of Law, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Juristische Fakultät, Goethe University Frankfurt - Faculty of Law, University of Copenhagen - Faculty of Law, University of Oslo, Institute for Information Law (IViR), University of Amsterdam, Saint Louis University, University of Cyprus and Universitat Oberta de Catalunya (UOC)
Downloads 90 (344,408)
Citation 2

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copyright, authors, performers, contractual protection, CDSM directive

29.

Johann Gottlieb Fichte, and The Trap of Inhalt (Content) and Form: An Information Perspective on Music Copyright

Information, Communication & Society, Volume 12, Issue 2, pp. 41-64
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 22 May 2012
Friedemann Kawohl and Martin Kretschmer
Independent and School of Law
Downloads 88 (349,320)

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copyright, idea-expression dichotomy, Johann Gottlieb Fichte, musical work, performance, adaptation, sampling

30.

UK Authors’ Earnings and Contracts 2018: A Survey of 50,000 Writers

CREATe ALCS Authors’ Earnings Report (2019)
Number of pages: 84 Posted: 07 Jun 2019 Last Revised: 09 Jun 2019
School of Law, Sensyne Health, University of Glasgow and University of Edinburgh
Downloads 71 (395,564)

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copyright, contract, earnings, labour markets, Gini

31.

Memes and Parasites: A Discourse Analysis of the Copyright in the Digital Single Market Directive

CREATe Working Paper 2020/10
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 12 Nov 2020
Ula Furgal, Martin Kretschmer and Amy Thomas
University of Glasgow - School of Law, School of Law and University of Glasgow, School of Law
Downloads 68 (404,804)
Citation 1

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Copyright, Discourse Analysis, Public Sphere, European Union, Habermas, Directive on Copyright in the Digital Single Market

32.

Reversion of Copyright in Europe

European Intellectual Property Review, (E.I .P. R.) 2021, 43(5) 279-282
Number of pages: 40 Posted: 14 May 2021 Last Revised: 28 Jul 2021
Martin Kretschmer, Ula Furgal and Elena Cooper
School of Law, University of Glasgow - School of Law and University of Cambridge
Downloads 54 (453,329)

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copyright, reversion, termination, revocation, European Union

33.

An Empirical Approach to the Public Domain

Chapter 4 (pp. 87-116) in J. Drexl and A. Kamperman Sanders (Eds.) The Innovation Society and Intellectual Property, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar (2019)
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 29 Jan 2020
Kris Erickson, Martin Kretschmer and Dinusha Mendis
University of Leeds, School of Law and Bournemouth University
Downloads 52 (460,891)

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innovation, copyright, public domain, creative commons, creativity

34.

Abstraction and Registration: Conceptual Innovations and Supply Effects in Prussian and British Copyright (1820-50)

Kawohl, Friedemann and Kretschmer, Martin, “Abstraction and registration: conceptual innovations and supply effects in Prussian and British copyright (1820-50)”, Intellectual Property Quarterly (2003) vol. 2, pp. 209-228
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 17 Jun 2015
Friedemann Kawohl and Martin Kretschmer
Independent and School of Law
Downloads 52 (460,891)

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Copyright; Germany; Legal history; Musical works; Registration

35.

The Treatment of Parodies Under Copyright Law in Seven Jurisdictions: A Comparative Review of the Underlying Principles

An Independent Report for the UK Intellectual Property Office (1998)
Number of pages: 96 Posted: 30 Jan 2020
Martin Kretschmer and Dinusha Mendis
School of Law and Bournemouth University
Downloads 38 (521,758)

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copyright, exceptions, parody, Hargreaves Review

36.

Research Perspectives on the Public Domain: Digital Conference Proceedings

CREATe Working Paper 2014/3, 2014
Number of pages: 59 Posted: 01 Mar 2016
Kris Erickson and Martin Kretschmer
University of Leeds and School of Law
Downloads 33 (547,268)

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copyright, public domain

37.

Eine Lobby Geschichte (Copyright: A Lobby History)

Chapter 2 (pp. 74-99) in 100 Jahre Copyright (eds. L. Brion, D. Diedrichsen), Berlin: Matthes & Seitz (2019)
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 18 May 2021
Martin Kretschmer
School of Law
Downloads 23 (607,631)

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copyright, institutional history

38.

Reconstructing Rights: Project Synthesis and Recommendations

Reconstructing Rights: Project Synthesis and Recommendations’, Chapter 1 (pp. 1-10) in Hugenholtz (ed.) Copyright Reconstructed: Rethinking Copyright’s Economic Rights in a Time of Highly Dynamic Technological and Economic Change, Kluwer Law International
Number of pages: 30
P. Bernt Hugenholtz and Martin Kretschmer
University of Amsterdam, Institute for Information Law (IViR) and School of Law
Downloads 22

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Copyright, Exclusive rights, Functionalist theory, European Court of Justice

39.

The Emergence of Platform Regulation in the UK: An Empirical-Legal Study

Number of pages: 42 Posted: 19 Jul 2021
Martin Kretschmer, Philip Schlesinger and Ula Furgal
School of Law, University of Glasgow and University of Glasgow - School of Law
Downloads 12 (694,209)

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Platform regulation, platform governance, algorithmic regulation, online harms, digital markets, theory of regulation, legal content analysis

40.

A deeper look into the EU Text and Data Mining exceptions: Harmonisation, data ownership, and the future of technology

Number of pages: 37 Posted: 19 Jul 2021 Last Revised: 23 Jul 2021
Thomas Margoni and Martin Kretschmer
Centre for IT & IP Law (CiTiP), Faculty of Law - KU Leuven and School of Law
Downloads 9 (709,735)

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text mining, data mining, TDM, copyright, artificial intelligence, machine learning, EU, Directive on copyright in the digital single market

41.

Is There an EU Copyright Jurisprudence? An Empirical Analysis of the Workings of the European Court of Justice

The Modern Law Review, Vol. 79, Issue 1, pp. 31-75, 2016
Number of pages: 45 Posted: 19 Jan 2016
Marcella Favale, Martin Kretschmer and Paul L.C. Torremans
Bournemouth University, School of Law and Independent
Downloads 2 (766,161)
Citation 5
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42.

The History and Philosophy of Copyright

The History and Philosophy of Copyright, pp. 21-53 in Music and Copyright, ed. Simon Frith and Lee Marshall, Edinburgh University Press, 2004
Posted: 07 Jul 2015
Martin Kretschmer and Friedemann Kawohl
School of Law and Independent

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