Chris Armstrong

University of Pennsylvania - Accounting Department

3641 Locust Walk

Philadelphia, PA 19104-6365

United States

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

35

DOWNLOADS
Rank 394

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 394

in Total Papers Downloads

43,878

CITATIONS
Rank 653

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 653

in Total Papers Citations

886

Scholarly Papers (35)

1.
Downloads 9,765 ( 453)
Citation 142

Market Reaction to the Adoption of IFRS in Europe

Accounting Review, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 52 Posted: 19 May 2006 Last Revised: 04 Apr 2012
University of Pennsylvania - Accounting Department, Stanford University - Graduate School of Business, University of Cambridge Judge Business School and Boston University - Questrom School of Business
Downloads 8,014 (647)
Citation 13

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IFRS, IAS 39, Convergence, Europe

Market Reaction to the Adoption of IFRS in Europe

Accounting Review, Forthcoming, Harvard Business School Finance Working Paper No. 09-032, Rock Center for Corporate Governance at Stanford University Working Paper No. 5
Number of pages: 52 Posted: 10 Sep 2008 Last Revised: 04 Apr 2012
University of Pennsylvania - Accounting Department, Stanford University - Graduate School of Business, University of Cambridge Judge Business School and Boston University - Questrom School of Business
Downloads 1,751 (8,764)
Citation 2

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IFRS, IAS 39, Convergence, Europe

2.

The Incentives for Tax Planning

Journal of Accounting and Economics, Volume 53, Issues 1–2, (Feb–April 2012): 391-411. , Rock Center for Corporate Governance at Stanford University Working Paper No. 56, Stanford Graduate School of Business Research Paper No. 2032
Number of pages: 53 Posted: 10 Jun 2009 Last Revised: 06 Nov 2012
Chris Armstrong, Jennifer Blouin and David F. Larcker
University of Pennsylvania - Accounting Department, University of Pennsylvania - Accounting Department and Stanford University - Graduate School of Business
Downloads 3,391 (2,914)
Citation 10

Abstract:

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tax director incentives, effective tax rate, book-tax difference

3.

Corporate Governance, Incentives, and Tax Avoidance

Journal of Accounting and Economics 60 (August 2015): 1–17., Rock Center for Corporate Governance at Stanford University Working Paper No. 136
Number of pages: 43 Posted: 18 Apr 2013 Last Revised: 17 Jul 2015
University of Pennsylvania - Accounting Department, University of Pennsylvania - Accounting Department, University of Cambridge Judge Business School and Stanford University - Graduate School of Business
Downloads 3,266 (3,119)
Citation 13

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Tax aggressiveness, FIN 48, tax avoidance, CEO incentives, corporate governance

4.

The Role of Information and Financial Reporting in Corporate Governance and Debt Contracting

Number of pages: 174 Posted: 21 Mar 2010 Last Revised: 16 Nov 2011
Chris Armstrong, Wayne R. Guay and Joseph Weber
University of Pennsylvania - Accounting Department, University of Pennsylvania - Accounting Department and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 2,721 (4,250)
Citation 38

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financial accounting, corporate governance, board structure, contracting, executive compensation, debt contracts, informal contracts

5.

When Does Information Asymmetry Affect the Cost of Capital?

Journal of Accounting Research, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 56 Posted: 25 Oct 2010 Last Revised: 09 Mar 2015
University of Pennsylvania - Accounting Department, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management, Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania and University of Pennsylvania - Accounting Department
Downloads 1,829 (8,328)

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information asymmetry, cost of capital, market competition, expected returns

6.

Chief Executive Officer Equity Incentives and Accounting Irregularities

Rock Center for Corporate Governance at Stanford University Working Paper No. 4, Journal of Accounting Research, Chicago, Vol. 48, No. 2, p. 225, May 2010
Number of pages: 69 Posted: 12 May 2008 Last Revised: 04 Apr 2012
Chris Armstrong, Alan D. Jagolinzer and David F. Larcker
University of Pennsylvania - Accounting Department, University of Cambridge Judge Business School and Stanford University - Graduate School of Business
Downloads 1,752 (8,922)
Citation 7

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equity incentives, accounting restatements, propensity score matching

7.

Abnormal Accruals in Newly Public Companies: Opportunistic Misreporting or Economic Activity?

Management Science, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 48 Posted: 18 Jun 2008 Last Revised: 06 Feb 2015
Chris Armstrong, George Foster and Daniel J. Taylor
University of Pennsylvania - Accounting Department, Stanford Graduate School of Business and Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania
Downloads 1,731 (9,112)
Citation 12

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Misreporting; Earnings Management; Financial Reporting Quality; Accruals; Incentives; Insider Trading; Initial Public Offering; New Issues Puzzle; Investment

8.

Economic Characteristics, Corporate Governance, and the Influence of Compensation Consultants on Executive Pay Levels

Rock Center for Corporate Governance Working Paper No. 15, Review of Accounting Studies, Vol. 17, No. 2, June 2012
Number of pages: 62 Posted: 15 Jun 2008 Last Revised: 12 Sep 2013
University of Pennsylvania - Accounting Department, University of Pennsylvania - Accounting Department and Stanford University - Graduate School of Business
Downloads 1,591 (10,448)
Citation 12

Abstract:

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corporate governance, executive compensation, compensation consultants

9.

The Role of Information and Financial Reporting in Corporate Governance: A Review of the Evidence and the Implications for Banking Firms and the Financial Services Industry

Economic Policy Review, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 52 Posted: 02 Jun 2015
Chris Armstrong, Wayne R. Guay, Hamid Mehran and Joseph Weber
University of Pennsylvania - Accounting Department, University of Pennsylvania - Accounting Department, Independent and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 1,561 (10,796)

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financial accounting; corporate governance; board structure; contracting; executive compensation; informal contracts; financial institutions; information asymmetry; corporate transparency

10.

Factor-Loading Uncertainty and Expected Returns

AFA 2010 Atlanta Meetings Paper
Number of pages: 52 Posted: 12 Nov 2008 Last Revised: 13 Sep 2012
Chris Armstrong, Snehal Banerjee and Carlos Corona
University of Pennsylvania - Accounting Department, University of California, San Diego (UCSD) - Rady School of Management and Carnegie Mellon University - David A. Tepper School of Business
Downloads 1,373 (13,254)
Citation 3

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Expected Return, Information Quality, Uncertainty, Stochastic volatility

11.

The Role of Financial Reporting and Transparency in Corporate Governance

Economic Policy Review, Issue Aug, pp. 107-128, 2016
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 23 Aug 2016 Last Revised: 16 Dec 2017
Chris Armstrong, Wayne R. Guay, Hamid Mehran and Joseph Weber
University of Pennsylvania - Accounting Department, University of Pennsylvania - Accounting Department, Independent and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 1,300 (14,415)

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financial accounting, corporate governance, board structure, contracting, executive compensation, informal contracts, financial institutions, information asymmetry, corporate transparency

12.

The Relation between Equity Incentives and Misreporting: The Role of Risk-Taking Incentives

Journal of Financial Economics (JFE), 109 (August 2013): 327-350., Rock Center for Corporate Governance at Stanford University Working Paper No. 126, Stanford Graduate School of Business Research Paper No. 2120
Number of pages: 61 Posted: 21 Oct 2012 Last Revised: 08 Jun 2013
University of Pennsylvania - Accounting Department, Stanford University - Graduate School of Business, University of Navarra, IESE Business School and Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania
Downloads 1,186 (16,628)
Citation 28

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Equity Incentives, Executive Compensation, Misreporting, Earnings Management, Restatements, SEC Enforcement Actions

13.

Executive Stock Options, Differential Risk-Taking Incentives, and Firm Value

Journal of Financial Economics (JFE), Forthcoming
Number of pages: 53 Posted: 21 Dec 2009 Last Revised: 04 Apr 2012
Chris Armstrong and Rahul Vashishtha
University of Pennsylvania - Accounting Department and Duke University
Downloads 1,123 (18,041)

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Equity Incentives, Stock Options, Firm Value, Systematic and Idiosyncratic Risk, Risk-Taking Incentives, Executive Compensation

14.

Venture-Backed Private Equity Valuation and Financial Statement Information

Review of Accounting Studies, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 51 Posted: 24 Aug 2005
Chris Armstrong, Tony Davila and George Foster
University of Pennsylvania - Accounting Department, University of Navarra - IESE Business School and Stanford Graduate School of Business
Downloads 1,050 (19,944)
Citation 2

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Venture-capital, valuation, value relevance, accounting

15.

Timing of Employee Stock Option Exercises and the Cost of Stock Option Grants

Rock Center for Corporate Governance Working Paper No. 34
Number of pages: 49 Posted: 01 Jun 2006 Last Revised: 04 Apr 2012
Chris Armstrong, Alan D. Jagolinzer and David F. Larcker
University of Pennsylvania - Accounting Department, University of Cambridge Judge Business School and Stanford University - Graduate School of Business
Downloads 978 (22,175)
Citation 15

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Option expense, employee option exercise, SFAS 123, stock option cost, survival analysis

16.

Do Independent Directors Cause Improvements in Firm Transparency?

Number of pages: 54 Posted: 01 Apr 2012 Last Revised: 27 Aug 2013
Chris Armstrong, John E. Core and Wayne R. Guay
University of Pennsylvania - Accounting Department, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management and University of Pennsylvania - Accounting Department
Downloads 870 (26,264)
Citation 6

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17.

Corporate Governance and the Information Environment: Evidence from State Antitakeover Laws

Journal of Accounting & Economics (JAE), Forthcoming.
Number of pages: 51 Posted: 10 Mar 2010 Last Revised: 15 Nov 2011
Chris Armstrong, Karthik Balakrishnan and Daniel A. Cohen
University of Pennsylvania - Accounting Department, London Business School and Texas A&M University College Station
Downloads 786 (30,265)
Citation 3

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antitakeover laws, corporate governance, financial reporting quality, information asymmetry

18.

Strategic Reactions in Corporate Tax Planning

Journal of Accounting & Economics (JAE), Forthcoming
Number of pages: 64 Posted: 23 Dec 2016 Last Revised: 19 Apr 2019
Chris Armstrong, Stephen Glaeser and John D. Kepler
University of Pennsylvania - Accounting Department, University of North Carolina (UNC) at Chapel Hill - Accounting Area and Stanford Graduate School of Business
Downloads 779 (30,617)
Citation 2

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Corporate Income Tax; Tax Planning; Industry Competition; Strategic Interaction; Tax Havens; Difference-In-Differences; Partially-Overlapping Groups; Reflection Problem

19.

Stock Options and Chief Executive Officer Compensation

Operations Research, Vol. 58, No. 4, Part 2 of 2, July–August 2010, pp. 1090–1106, Rock Center for Corporate Governance Working Paper No. 27
Number of pages: 48 Posted: 21 May 2007 Last Revised: 06 Nov 2012
Chris Armstrong, David F. Larcker and Che-Lin Su
University of Pennsylvania - Accounting Department, Stanford University - Graduate School of Business and University of Chicago - Booth School of Business
Downloads 773 (30,951)
Citation 8

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Stock Options, Incentives, Agency Model

20.

Performance-Based Incentives for Internal Monitors

Rock Center for Corporate Governance at Stanford University Working Paper Series No. 76 , Stanford University Graduate School of Business Research Paper No. 2052
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 16 Feb 2010 Last Revised: 04 Apr 2012
Chris Armstrong, Alan D. Jagolinzer and David F. Larcker
University of Pennsylvania - Accounting Department, University of Cambridge Judge Business School and Stanford University - Graduate School of Business
Downloads 682 (36,744)
Citation 13

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performance-based incentives, internal monitors, general counsel, accounting irregularities

The Efficacy of Shareholder Voting: Evidence from Equity Compensation Plans

Journal of Accounting Research, Vol. 51, Issue 5, pages 909-950, December 2013, Rock Center for Corporate Governance at Stanford University Working Paper No. 112, Stanford University Graduate School of Business Research Paper No. 2997
Number of pages: 50 Posted: 14 Mar 2012 Last Revised: 26 Oct 2013
Chris Armstrong, Ian D. Gow and David F. Larcker
University of Pennsylvania - Accounting Department, University of Melbourne and Stanford University - Graduate School of Business
Downloads 620 (41,118)
Citation 4

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executive compensation, equity-based compensation, shareholder voting

The Efficacy of Shareholder Voting: Evidence from Equity Compensation Plans

Stanford University Graduate School of Business Research Paper No. 13-14, Journal of Accounting Research, Vol. 51, No. 5, 2013
Posted: 28 Nov 2013
Chris Armstrong, Ian D. Gow and David F. Larcker
University of Pennsylvania - Accounting Department, University of Melbourne and Stanford University - Graduate School of Business

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executive compensation, equity-based compensation, shareholder voting

22.

Why Do CEOs Hold So Much Equity?

Number of pages: 46 Posted: 04 Jan 2015 Last Revised: 25 Jul 2015
Chris Armstrong, John E. Core and Wayne R. Guay
University of Pennsylvania - Accounting Department, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management and University of Pennsylvania - Accounting Department
Downloads 606 (42,970)

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executive compensation, CEO equity incentives, corporate governance

23.

Accounting Quality and the Transmission of Monetary Policy

Number of pages: 74 Posted: 16 Mar 2017 Last Revised: 27 Mar 2019
Chris Armstrong, Stephen Glaeser and John D. Kepler
University of Pennsylvania - Accounting Department, University of North Carolina (UNC) at Chapel Hill - Accounting Area and Stanford Graduate School of Business
Downloads 473 (58,996)
Citation 1

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monetary policy, federal funds rate, balance sheet channel, accounting quality, financial reporting, information asymmetry, agency conflicts, event study, financial intermediation

24.

The Economics of Managerial Taxes and Corporate Risk-Taking

The Accounting Review, Forthcoming, Singapore Management University School of Accountancy Research Paper Series Vol. 6, No. 3 Paper No 2018-87
Number of pages: 68 Posted: 24 Oct 2017 Last Revised: 12 Jan 2019
University of Pennsylvania - Accounting Department, University of North Carolina (UNC) at Chapel Hill - Accounting Area, Singapore Management University - School of Accountancy and Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania
Downloads 460 (61,071)
Citation 2

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Corporate risk-taking; risky investment; risk-taking incentives; personal income taxes; federal income taxes; state income taxes; agency conflict

25.

Earnings per Share Goals and CEO Incentives

Simon Business School Working Paper No. FR 17-09
Number of pages: 58 Posted: 18 Feb 2017 Last Revised: 30 Jan 2019
University of Pennsylvania - Accounting Department, The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK) - CUHK Business School, University of Pennsylvania - Accounting Department and University of Rochester - Simon Business School
Downloads 441 (64,254)

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Earnings per share (EPS); earnings targets; CEO incentives; bonus contracts; analyst forecasts; meet or beat

26.

Endogenous Selection and Moral Hazard in Executive Compensation Contracts

Operation Research Part-2, Vol. 58, No. 4, pp. 1090-1106, July-August 2010, Rock Center for Corporate Governance at Stanford University Working Paper No. 73
Number of pages: 46 Posted: 17 Feb 2010 Last Revised: 04 Apr 2012
Chris Armstrong, David F. Larcker and Che-Lin Su
University of Pennsylvania - Accounting Department, Stanford University - Graduate School of Business and University of Chicago - Booth School of Business
Downloads 413 (69,546)

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Generalized Principal Agent Model, Adverse Selection, Moral Hazard, Executive Compensation, Mathematical Programs with Equilibrium Constraints

27.

Controllability of Risk and the Design of Incentive-Compensation Contracts

Singapore Management University School of Accountancy Research Paper No. 2017-55
Number of pages: 61 Posted: 11 Jan 2017 Last Revised: 13 May 2018
Chris Armstrong, Stephen Glaeser and Sterling Huang
University of Pennsylvania - Accounting Department, University of North Carolina (UNC) at Chapel Hill - Accounting Area and Singapore Management University - School of Accountancy
Downloads 398 (72,690)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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executive compensation; contract design; equity incentives; risk-taking incentives; stock options; derivatives; hedging; natural experiment; Controllability

28.

Inelastic Labor Market Supply and Directors’ Incentives

Number of pages: 47 Posted: 26 Jun 2017 Last Revised: 12 Nov 2018
Chris Armstrong, John D. Kepler and David Tsui
University of Pennsylvania - Accounting Department, Stanford Graduate School of Business and University of Southern California - Marshall School of Business
Downloads 389 (74,656)
Citation 1

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Board of directors; director incentives; director monitoring; career concerns; free-rider problems; director labor market; principal-agent; corporate governance

29.

The Screening Role of Covenant Heterogeneity

Number of pages: 59 Posted: 30 Oct 2015 Last Revised: 13 Apr 2019
Chris Armstrong, Carlo Maria Gallimberti and David Tsui
University of Pennsylvania - Accounting Department, Boston College and University of Southern California - Marshall School of Business
Downloads 349 (84,664)

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risk-taking incentives; debt contracting; debt covenants; covenant violations; agency conflicts; risk shifting; moral hazard; adverse selection; screening; credit spreads

30.

Asymmetric Reporting

Journal of Financial Reporting, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 45 Posted: 11 Mar 2015 Last Revised: 05 Sep 2015
Chris Armstrong, Daniel J. Taylor and Robert E. Verrecchia
University of Pennsylvania - Accounting Department, Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania and University of Pennsylvania - Accounting Department
Downloads 324 (92,015)
Citation 3

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asymmetric reporting; reporting precision; the CAPM; Beta; systematic risk; cost of capital

31.

U.S. Public and Private Venture Capital Markets, 1998-2001: A Fundamental Information Analysis

IESE Business School Working Paper No. 599
Number of pages: 57 Posted: 16 Jan 2006
Chris Armstrong, Tony Davila, George Foster and John R. M. Hand
University of Pennsylvania - Accounting Department, University of Navarra - IESE Business School, Stanford Graduate School of Business and University of North Carolina Kenan-Flagler Business School
Downloads 277 (109,094)

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capital markets, stock prices, internet stocks, stock market bubble

Market-to-Revenue Multiples in Public and Private Capital Markets

Number of pages: 57 Posted: 30 Mar 2011
Chris Armstrong, Tony Davila, George Foster and John R. M. Hand
University of Pennsylvania - Accounting Department, University of Navarra - IESE Business School, Stanford Graduate School of Business and University of North Carolina Kenan-Flagler Business School
Downloads 154 (190,339)

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Market-to-Revenue Multiple, Price-to-Sales Ratio, Public Companies, Private Companies, Venture Capital, Internet Companies, Transitory Revenue

Market-to-Revenue Multiples in Public and Private Capital Markets

Australian Journal of Management, Vol. 36, No. 1, pp. 15-57, 2011
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 05 May 2011
Chris Armstrong, Tony Davila, George Foster and John R. M. Hand
University of Pennsylvania - Accounting Department, University of Navarra - IESE Business School, Stanford Graduate School of Business and University of North Carolina Kenan-Flagler Business School
Downloads 49 (396,019)

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internet companies, market-to-revenue multiple, price/sales ratio, private companies, public companies, transitory revenue, venture capital

33.

The Incentives of Equity-Based Compensation and Wealth

Number of pages: 66 Posted: 18 Jun 2008
Chris Armstrong
University of Pennsylvania - Accounting Department
Downloads 193 (155,926)
Citation 4

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Equity Incentives, Executive Compensation, Stock Options, Random Utility Model, Simulated Maximum Likelihood

34.

Unemployment Risk and Debt Contract Design

Number of pages: 54 Posted: 05 Dec 2018
Chris Armstrong, Daniel A. Cohen, Nir Yehuda and Xiaolu Zhou
University of Pennsylvania - Accounting Department, Texas A&M University College Station, University of Texas at Dallas - Department of Accounting & Information Management and University of Texas at Dallas
Downloads 128 (220,603)

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Unemployment, Debt Contract Design

35.

Theory, Research Design Assumptions, and Causal Inferences

Journal of Accounting & Economics (JAE), Vol. 66, No. 2-3, 2018
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 02 Jul 2019
Chris Armstrong and John D. Kepler
University of Pennsylvania - Accounting Department and Stanford Graduate School of Business
Downloads 97 (268,719)

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Causal inference; quasi-natural experiments; disclosure theory