Robert J. Smith

Harvard Law School (Fair Punishment Project, a joint initiative of the Charles Hamilton Houston Institute & Criminal Justice Institute)

Executive Director & Senior Research Fellow

Cambridge, MA

United States

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

19

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Scholarly Papers (19)

1.

The Geography of the Death Penalty and its Ramifications

Boston University Law Review, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 63 Posted: 23 Aug 2011 Last Revised: 13 Feb 2012
Robert J. Smith
Harvard Law School (Fair Punishment Project, a joint initiative of the Charles Hamilton Houston Institute & Criminal Justice Institute)
Downloads 595 (29,123)

Abstract:

2.

The Failure of Mitigation?

Hastings Law Journal, Vol. 65, 2014, UNC Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2446950
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 08 Jun 2014
Robert J. Smith, Sophie Cull and Zoe Robinson
Harvard Law School (Fair Punishment Project, a joint initiative of the Charles Hamilton Houston Institute & Criminal Justice Institute), Independent and DePaul University College of Law
Downloads 563 (30,348)

Abstract:

3.

The Impact of Implicit Racial Bias on the Exercise of Prosecutorial Discretion

Seattle University Law Review, Vol. 35, No. 795, 2012
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 25 Apr 2012
Robert J. Smith and Justin D. Levinson
Harvard Law School (Fair Punishment Project, a joint initiative of the Charles Hamilton Houston Institute & Criminal Justice Institute) and University of Hawaii - William S. Richardson School of Law
Downloads 391 (43,919)

Abstract:

implicit racial bias, IAT, criminal justice, prosecutor, Brady

4.

Bias in the Shadows of Criminal Law: The Problem of Implicit White Favoritism

Alabama Law Review, Vol. 66, 2015, UNC Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2385415
Number of pages: 53 Posted: 27 Jan 2014 Last Revised: 17 Jun 2017
Robert J. Smith, Justin D. Levinson and Zoe Robinson
Harvard Law School (Fair Punishment Project, a joint initiative of the Charles Hamilton Houston Institute & Criminal Justice Institute), University of Hawaii - William S. Richardson School of Law and DePaul University College of Law
Downloads 330 (57,501)

Abstract:

criminal law, criminal procedure, implicit racial bias, implicit white favoritism

5.

The Racial Geography of the Federal Death Penalty

Washington Law Review, Vol. 85, p. 425, 2010
Number of pages: 68 Posted: 22 Jan 2010 Last Revised: 21 Mar 2011
G. Ben Cohen and Robert J. Smith
affiliation not provided to SSRN and Harvard Law School (Fair Punishment Project, a joint initiative of the Charles Hamilton Houston Institute & Criminal Justice Institute)
Downloads 249 (78,430)

Abstract:

6.

Struck by Lightning: Walker v. Georgia and Louisiana's Proportionality Review of Death Sentences

Southern University Law Review, Forthcoming 2010
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 22 Jan 2009 Last Revised: 03 Mar 2010
Bidish Sarma, Robert J. Smith and G. Ben Cohen
University of California, Berkeley School of Law, Harvard Law School (Fair Punishment Project, a joint initiative of the Charles Hamilton Houston Institute & Criminal Justice Institute) and affiliation not provided to SSRN
Downloads 239 (101,119)

Abstract:

Death Penalty, Walker v. Georgia, Louisiana Supreme Court, Proportionality Review

7.

Implicit Racial Bias Across the Law (Book Synopsis)

Justin D. Levinson and Robert J. Smith (eds), IMPLICIT RACIAL BIAS ACROSS THE LAW, Cambridge University Press (May 2012)
Number of pages: 3 Posted: 26 Apr 2012 Last Revised: 12 May 2015
University of Hawaii - William S. Richardson School of Law, Harvard Law School (Fair Punishment Project, a joint initiative of the Charles Hamilton Houston Institute & Criminal Justice Institute), University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - School of Law, Stanford Law School, University of California, Berkeley - School of Law, University of Hawaii at Manoa - Department of Psychology, Emory University School of Law, Seton Hall University - School of Law, Harvard Law School, University of Hawaii - William S. Richardson School of Law, Texas Southern University - Thurgood Marshall School of Law, University of Colorado Law School, University of California, Irvine School of Law, University of Minnesota - Twin Cities, University of Maine School of Law, University of Hawaii - William S. Richardson School of Law, University of Hawaii - William S. Richardson School of Law, affiliation not provided to SSRN and affiliation not provided to SSRN
Downloads 199 (104,994)

Abstract:

Implicit Racial Bias, Corporations, Criminal Law, Torts, Property, Cyber, Tax, Federal Indian, Intellectual Property, Capital Punishment, Reparations, Employment, Health, Education, Communications, Environmental

8.

Devaluing Death: An Empirical Study of Implicit Racial Bias on Jury-Eligible Citizens in Six Death Penalty States

New York University Law Review, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 65 Posted: 10 Aug 2013
Justin D. Levinson, Robert J. Smith and Danielle Young
University of Hawaii - William S. Richardson School of Law, Harvard Law School (Fair Punishment Project, a joint initiative of the Charles Hamilton Houston Institute & Criminal Justice Institute) and University of Hawaii at Manoa - Department of Psychology
Downloads 197 (94,336)

Abstract:

implicit racial bias, race of victim effect, death penalty, capital punishment, racial disparities, empirical study

9.

Recalibrating Constitutional Innocence Protection

Washington Law Review, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 66 Posted: 20 Sep 2011 Last Revised: 24 Apr 2012
Robert J. Smith
Harvard Law School (Fair Punishment Project, a joint initiative of the Charles Hamilton Houston Institute & Criminal Justice Institute)
Downloads 157 (151,224)

Abstract:

10.

Redemption Song: Graham v. Florida and the Evolving Eighth Amendment Jurisprudence

Michigan Law Review First Impressions, Vol. 108, p. 86, 2010
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 23 Mar 2011
Robert J. Smith and G. Ben Cohen
Harvard Law School (Fair Punishment Project, a joint initiative of the Charles Hamilton Houston Institute & Criminal Justice Institute) and affiliation not provided to SSRN
Downloads 153 (122,809)

Abstract:

graham, juvenile, lwop, death penalty, eighth amendment, evolving standards of decency

11.

The Death of Death-Qualification

Case Western Reserve Law Review, Vol. 59, No. 87, 2008
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 18 Aug 2009 Last Revised: 10 Aug 2010
G. Ben Cohen and Robert J. Smith
affiliation not provided to SSRN and Harvard Law School (Fair Punishment Project, a joint initiative of the Charles Hamilton Houston Institute & Criminal Justice Institute)
Downloads 131 (167,109)

Abstract:

death penalty, voir dire, witherspoon, death qualification

12.

How and Why Race Continues to Influence the Administration of Criminal Justice in Louisiana

Louisiana Law Review, Vol. 72, p. 361, 2012
Number of pages: 47 Posted: 15 Feb 2012
Robert J. Smith and Bidish Sarma
Harvard Law School (Fair Punishment Project, a joint initiative of the Charles Hamilton Houston Institute & Criminal Justice Institute) and University of California, Berkeley School of Law
Downloads 81 (228,898)

Abstract:

race, criminal justice, criminal law, criminal procedure, Louisiana, Batson, Witherspoon, Death Qualification, discrimination, Louisiana Supreme Court, death penalty

13.

A Cold Day in Apprendi-Land: Oregon v. Ice Brings Unknown Forecast for Apprendi’s Continued Vitality in the Capital Sentencing Context

Harvard Law & Policy Review, Vol. 3, April 24, 2009
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 26 Aug 2009 Last Revised: 30 Sep 2009
G. Ben Cohen, Bidish Sarma and Robert J. Smith
affiliation not provided to SSRN, University of California, Berkeley School of Law and Harvard Law School (Fair Punishment Project, a joint initiative of the Charles Hamilton Houston Institute & Criminal Justice Institute)
Downloads 41 (325,418)

Abstract:

14.

Interrogations and the Guiding Hand of Counsel: Montejo, Ventris, and the Sixth Amendment's Continued Vitality

Northwestern University Law Review (Colloquy), Vol. 103, p. 456, 2009
Number of pages: 8 Posted: 26 Aug 2009 Last Revised: 01 Oct 2009
G. Ben Cohen, Bidish Sarma and Robert J. Smith
affiliation not provided to SSRN, University of California, Berkeley School of Law and Harvard Law School (Fair Punishment Project, a joint initiative of the Charles Hamilton Houston Institute & Criminal Justice Institute)
Downloads 38 (353,019)

Abstract:

right to counsel, counsel, Sixth Amendment

15.

Systemic Implicit Bias

126 Yale L.J. F. 406 (2017)
Posted: 19 Jun 2017
Justin D. Levinson and Robert J. Smith
University of Hawaii - William S. Richardson School of Law and Harvard Law School (Fair Punishment Project, a joint initiative of the Charles Hamilton Houston Institute & Criminal Justice Institute)

Abstract:

16.

Constitutional Liberty and the Progression of Punishment

Cornell Law Review, Vol. 102, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 77 Posted: 28 Oct 2016
Robert J. Smith and Zoe Robinson
Harvard Law School (Fair Punishment Project, a joint initiative of the Charles Hamilton Houston Institute & Criminal Justice Institute) and DePaul University College of Law
Downloads 0 (185,642)

Abstract:

Eighth Amendment, Constitutional Law, Constitutional Theory, Constitutional Rights, Criminal Law, Criminal Procedure, Punishment, Marriage, Fourteenth Amendment

17.

The Way the Court Gauges Consensus (and How to Do it Better)

Cardozo Law Review, Vol. 35, No. 6, 2014
Number of pages: 56 Posted: 08 Mar 2016
Robert J. Smith, Bidish Sarma and Sophie Cull
Harvard Law School (Fair Punishment Project, a joint initiative of the Charles Hamilton Houston Institute & Criminal Justice Institute), University of California, Berkeley School of Law and Independent
Downloads 0 (397,184)

Abstract:

Supreme Court, Eighth Amendment, National Consensus, Death Penalty

18.

Choosing Life or Death (Implicitly): Chapter Synopsis

Justin D. Levinson and Robert J. Smith (eds), IMPLICIT RACIAL BIAS ACROSS THE LAW, Cambridge University Press (May 2012)
Posted: 05 May 2012
Robert J. Smith and G. Ben Cohen
Harvard Law School (Fair Punishment Project, a joint initiative of the Charles Hamilton Houston Institute & Criminal Justice Institute) and affiliation not provided to SSRN

Abstract:

Criminal, Criminal Justice, Criminal Law, Capital Punishment, Death Penalty, Execution, Race

19.

Coloring Punishment: Implicit Social Cognition and Criminal Justice (Chapter Synopsis)

Justin D. Levinson and Robert J. Smith (eds), IMPLICIT RACIAL BIAS ACROSS THE LAW, Cambridge University Press (May 2012)
Posted: 05 May 2012
Robert J. Smith, Charles Ogletree and Johanna Wald
Harvard Law School (Fair Punishment Project, a joint initiative of the Charles Hamilton Houston Institute & Criminal Justice Institute), Harvard Law School and affiliation not provided to SSRN

Abstract:

Criminal Law, Criminal Justice, Incarceration, Sentencing, Race, Racial