Woodrow Hartzog

Boston University School of Law

765 Commonwealth Avenue

Boston, MA 02215

United States

http://https://www.bu.edu/law/profile/woodrow-hartzog/

Stanford Law School Center for Internet and Society

Affiliate Scholar

Palo Alto, CA

United States

http://cyberlaw.stanford.edu/profile/woodrow-hartzog

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

51

DOWNLOADS
Rank 719

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Top 719

in Total Papers Downloads

55,271

SSRN CITATIONS
Rank 12,580

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 12,580

in Total Papers Citations

80

CROSSREF CITATIONS

40

Scholarly Papers (51)

1.

The FTC and the New Common Law of Privacy

114 Columbia Law Review 583 (2014), GWU Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2013-120, GWU Law School Public Law Research Paper No. 2013-120
Number of pages: 94 Posted: 21 Aug 2013 Last Revised: 05 Apr 2014
Daniel J. Solove and Woodrow Hartzog
George Washington University Law School and Boston University School of Law
Downloads 7,731 (1,612)
Citation 29

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privacy, FTC, administrative law, common law, contract, data security, deception, unfairness, COPPA, FCRA, GLBA, Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act, Safe Harbor, FTC Act, Section 5

2.

Taking Trust Seriously in Privacy Law

19 Stanford Technology Law Review 431 (2016)
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 05 Sep 2015 Last Revised: 03 Mar 2017
Neil M. Richards and Woodrow Hartzog
Washington University School of Law and Boston University School of Law
Downloads 4,006 (4,952)
Citation 15

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privacy, trust, big data, data security, consumer protection, confidentiality, loyalty, fiduciary

3.

The Ultimate Unifying Approach to Complying with All Laws and Regulations

19 Green Bag 2d 223 (2016), GWU Law School Public Law Research Paper No. 2016-16, GWU Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2016-16
Number of pages: 4 Posted: 09 Feb 2016 Last Revised: 26 Jan 2020
Daniel J. Solove and Woodrow Hartzog
George Washington University Law School and Boston University School of Law
Downloads 3,841 (5,322)

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legal compliance, regulation, theory of law, legal harmonization

4.

Privacy's Constitutional Moment and the Limits of Data Protection

61 Boston College Law Review 1687 (2020)
Number of pages: 77 Posted: 24 Aug 2019 Last Revised: 01 Jun 2020
Woodrow Hartzog and Neil M. Richards
Boston University School of Law and Washington University School of Law
Downloads 2,348 (11,689)
Citation 8

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privacy, GDPR, trust, fair information practices, privacy reform, CCPA, data protection, consumer protection

5.

Obscurity by Design

88 Washington Law Review 385 (2013)
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 25 Jun 2013 Last Revised: 12 Aug 2017
Woodrow Hartzog and Frederic D. Stutzman
Boston University School of Law and University of North Carolina (UNC) at Chapel Hill - School of Information and Library Science (SILS)
Downloads 2,335 (11,804)

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privacy, obscurity, design, social media, contracts, privacy by design

6.

A Duty of Loyalty for Privacy Law

99 Washington University Law Review 961 (2021)
Number of pages: 61 Posted: 05 Sep 2020 Last Revised: 04 Apr 2022
Neil M. Richards and Woodrow Hartzog
Washington University School of Law and Boston University School of Law
Downloads 2,330 (11,862)
Citation 7

Abstract:

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privacy, data, surveillance, loyalty, fiduciary, torts, harm, care, data protection, technology, internet

7.

Obscurity and Privacy

Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Technology (Joseph Pitt & Ashley Shew, eds., 2014 Forthcoming)
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 23 May 2014
Evan Selinger and Woodrow Hartzog
Rochester Institute of Technology - Department of Philosophy and Boston University School of Law
Downloads 2,004 (15,047)
Citation 1

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8.

The Scope and Potential of FTC Data Protection

83 George Washington Law Review 2230 (2015), GWU Law School Public Law Research Paper No. 2014-40, GWU Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2014-40
Number of pages: 71 Posted: 01 Jul 2014 Last Revised: 12 Jan 2016
Woodrow Hartzog and Daniel J. Solove
Boston University School of Law and George Washington University Law School
Downloads 1,801 (17,794)
Citation 3

Abstract:

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FTC, Federal Trade Commission, privacy, data security, Wyndham, LabMD, FTCA, Section 5, deception, unfairness

9.

What is Privacy? That's the Wrong Question

88 The University of Chicago Law Review 1677 (2021)
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 29 Nov 2021
Woodrow Hartzog
Boston University School of Law
Downloads 1,775 (18,198)

Abstract:

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privacy, data, surveillance, data protection, algorithms

10.

Anonymization and Risk

91 Washington Law Review 703 (2016), NYU School of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 15-36
Number of pages: 59 Posted: 19 Aug 2015 Last Revised: 12 Aug 2017
Ira Rubinstein and Woodrow Hartzog
New York University (NYU) - Information Law Institute and Boston University School of Law
Downloads 1,717 (19,146)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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Privacy, anonymization, deidentification, data release, risk, data security, open data

11.

The Inconsentability of Facial Surveillance

66 Loyola Law Review 101 (2019)
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 14 Apr 2020 Last Revised: 08 Jan 2021
Evan Selinger and Woodrow Hartzog
Rochester Institute of Technology - Department of Philosophy and Boston University School of Law
Downloads 1,690 (19,626)
Citation 4

Abstract:

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surveillance, privacy, facial recognition, consent

12.

The Pathologies of Digital Consent

96 Washington University Law Review 1461 (2019)
Number of pages: 43 Posted: 09 May 2019 Last Revised: 11 Nov 2019
Neil M. Richards and Woodrow Hartzog
Washington University School of Law and Boston University School of Law
Downloads 1,554 (22,357)
Citation 2

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privacy, trust, consent, choice, data protection, contracts, privacy paradox

13.

Surveillance as Loss of Obscurity

72 Washington and Lee Law Review 1343 (2015)
Number of pages: 46 Posted: 07 Jan 2016
Woodrow Hartzog and Evan Selinger
Boston University School of Law and Rochester Institute of Technology - Department of Philosophy
Downloads 1,527 (22,975)
Citation 2

Abstract:

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surveillance, privacy, obscurity, theory

14.

Kafka in the Age of AI and the Futility of Privacy as Control

104 Boston University Law Review (2024, Forthcoming)
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 30 Jan 2024
Daniel J. Solove and Woodrow Hartzog
George Washington University Law School and Boston University School of Law
Downloads 1,499 (23,756)

Abstract:

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Artificial Intelligence, AI, machine learning, privacy, Franz Kafka

15.

Unifying Privacy and Data Security

Chapter 7 of BREACHED! WHY DATA SECURITY LAW FAILS AND HOW TO IMPROVE IT (Oxford University Press 2022), Boston Univ. School of Law Research Paper No. 4173764, GWU Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2022-54, GWU Law School Public Law Research Paper No. 2022-54
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 03 Aug 2022 Last Revised: 22 Sep 2022
Daniel J. Solove and Woodrow Hartzog
George Washington University Law School and Boston University School of Law
Downloads 1,293 (29,401)

Abstract:

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data security, cybersecurity, data breach, privacy, relationship between privacy and security, data minimization, data mapping

16.

Breached! Why Data Security Law Fails and How to Improve It (Chapter 1)

Oxford University Press (2022), GWU Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2022-24, GWU Law School Public Law Research Paper No. 2022-24
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 03 Mar 2022 Last Revised: 22 Jun 2022
Daniel J. Solove and Woodrow Hartzog
George Washington University Law School and Boston University School of Law
Downloads 1,083 (38,020)

Abstract:

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data security, cybersecurity, data breach, privacy, breach notification, identity theft, security by design,

17.

The Case for Online Obscurity

101 California Law Review 1 (2013)
Number of pages: 50 Posted: 03 May 2010 Last Revised: 12 Aug 2017
Woodrow Hartzog and Frederic D. Stutzman
Boston University School of Law and University of North Carolina (UNC) at Chapel Hill - School of Information and Library Science (SILS)
Downloads 1,079 (38,124)
Citation 6

Abstract:

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privacy, obscurity, law

18.

Privacy's Trust Gap

126 Yale Law Journal 1180 (2017), Washington University in St. Louis Legal Studies Research Paper 17-02-04
Number of pages: 45 Posted: 17 Jan 2017 Last Revised: 03 Mar 2017
Neil M. Richards and Woodrow Hartzog
Washington University School of Law and Boston University School of Law
Downloads 1,018 (41,387)

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Privacy, Trust, Security, Surveillance, Data Protection, Obfuscation, Obscurity, Technoogy

19.

The FTC and Privacy and Security Duties for the Cloud

13 BNA Privacy & Security Law Report 577 (2014), GWU Law School Public Law Research Paper No. 2014-28, GWU Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2014-28
Number of pages: 6 Posted: 15 Apr 2014 Last Revised: 30 Aug 2014
Daniel J. Solove and Woodrow Hartzog
George Washington University Law School and Boston University School of Law
Downloads 986 (43,364)

Abstract:

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privacy, data security, cloud, contract, FTC, Federal Trade Commission, consumer protection law

20.

A Relational Turn for Data Protection?

4 European Data Protection Law Review 1 (2020)
Number of pages: 6 Posted: 04 Feb 2021 Last Revised: 12 Jul 2021
Neil M. Richards and Woodrow Hartzog
Washington University School of Law and Boston University School of Law
Downloads 962 (44,852)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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privacy, data protection, gdpr, loyalty, trust, cyberlaw

21.

The Public Information Fallacy

98 Boston University Law Review 459 (2019)
Number of pages: 64 Posted: 11 Dec 2017 Last Revised: 05 Sep 2023
Woodrow Hartzog
Boston University School of Law
Downloads 920 (47,667)

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public, private, obscurity, trust, surveillance, Fourth Amendment, torts

22.

The Surprising Virtues of Data Loyalty

71 Emory Law Journal 985 (2022)
Number of pages: 50 Posted: 13 Sep 2021 Last Revised: 07 Jun 2022
Woodrow Hartzog and Neil M. Richards
Boston University School of Law and Washington University School of Law
Downloads 881 (50,684)
Citation 4

Abstract:

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privacy, data, surveillance, loyalty, fiduciary, torts, harm, care, data protection, technology, internet

23.

Privacy Nicks: How the Law Normalizes Surveillance

101 Washington University Law Review 717 (2024)
Number of pages: 73 Posted: 14 Mar 2023 Last Revised: 05 Mar 2024
Woodrow Hartzog, Evan Selinger and Johanna Gunawan
Boston University School of Law, Rochester Institute of Technology - Department of Philosophy and Northeastern University Khoury College of Computer Sciences
Downloads 839 (54,519)

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privacy, surveillance, information privacy law, technology law, Fourth Amendment, normalization, biometrics, facial recognition, internet of things

24.

Unfair and Deceptive Robots

74 Maryland Law Review 785 (2015)
Number of pages: 48 Posted: 05 May 2015 Last Revised: 12 Aug 2017
Woodrow Hartzog
Boston University School of Law
Downloads 835 (54,519)

Abstract:

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robots, privacy, FTC, consumer protection, data security, advertising, marketing

25.

The Case Against Idealising Control

4 European Data Protection Law Review 423 (2018)
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 31 Dec 2018 Last Revised: 10 Jan 2019
Woodrow Hartzog
Boston University School of Law
Downloads 819 (55,958)
Citation 3

Abstract:

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control, privacy, data protection, GDPR, ePrivacy, privacy by design

26.

Website Design as Contract

60 American University Law Review 1635 (2011)
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 13 Apr 2011 Last Revised: 12 Aug 2017
Woodrow Hartzog
Boston University School of Law
Downloads 745 (63,906)
Citation 2

Abstract:

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contracts, privacy, internet, cyberlaw, websites, terms of use, privacy policies

27.

Boundary Regulation in Social Media

In Proceedings of the ACM 2012 conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work, New York, NY, USA, 2012 (pp. 769--778). ACM
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 10 Mar 2010 Last Revised: 28 Feb 2013
Frederic D. Stutzman and Woodrow Hartzog
University of North Carolina (UNC) at Chapel Hill - School of Information and Library Science (SILS) and Boston University School of Law
Downloads 723 (66,103)
Citation 10

Abstract:

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privacy, online communities, social media

28.

Legislating Data Loyalty

97 Notre Dame Law Review Reflection 356 (2022)
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 21 Jun 2022
Woodrow Hartzog and Neil M. Richards
Boston University School of Law and Washington University School of Law
Downloads 664 (73,671)

Abstract:

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privacy, data, surveillance, loyalty, fiduciary, torts, harm, care, data protection, technology, internet

29.

The Inadequate, Invaluable Fair Information Practices

76 Maryland Law Review 952 (2017), Northeastern University School of Law Research Paper No. 301-2017
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 15 Aug 2017 Last Revised: 21 Sep 2017
Woodrow Hartzog
Boston University School of Law
Downloads 602 (83,268)
Citation 3

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30.

Should the FTC Kill the Password? The Case for Better Authentication

14 Bloomberg BNA Privacy & Security Law Report 1353 (2015), GWU Law School Public Law Research Paper No. 2015-33, GWU Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2015-33
Number of pages: 8 Posted: 28 Jul 2015 Last Revised: 10 Oct 2015
Daniel J. Solove and Woodrow Hartzog
George Washington University Law School and Boston University School of Law
Downloads 600 (83,633)

Abstract:

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data security, cybersecurity, FTC, authentication, password, two factor authentication

31.

BIPA: The Most Important Biometric Privacy Law in the US?

Regulating Biometrics: Global Approaches and Urgent Questions, ed. Amba Kak (AI Now 2020), 96-103, Northeastern University School of Law Research Paper No. 409-2021
Number of pages: 8 Posted: 05 Jan 2021 Last Revised: 13 Jul 2021
Woodrow Hartzog
Boston University School of Law
Downloads 541 (95,346)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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privacy, data, surveillance, biometrics, data protection, technology, internet

32.

Chain-Link Confidentiality

46 Georgia Law Review 657 (2012)
Number of pages: 48 Posted: 24 Apr 2012 Last Revised: 12 Aug 2017
Woodrow Hartzog
Boston University School of Law
Downloads 505 (103,801)

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confidentiality, privacy, Internet, contracts, data, disclosure

33.

Trusting Big Data Research

65 DePaul Law Review 579 (2017), Washington University in St. Louis Legal Studies Research Paper No. 16-01-02
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 19 Jan 2016 Last Revised: 12 Aug 2017
Neil M. Richards and Woodrow Hartzog
Washington University School of Law and Boston University School of Law
Downloads 472 (112,590)

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Privacy, Trust, Security Big Data, Institutional Review Boards, Loyalty

34.

The Internet of Heirlooms and Disposable Things

17 North Carolina Journal of Law & Technology 581 (2016)
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 02 Jun 2016
Woodrow Hartzog and Evan Selinger
Boston University School of Law and Rochester Institute of Technology - Department of Philosophy
Downloads 452 (118,525)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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privacy, security, internet of things, design, data

35.

The Upside of Deep Fakes

78 Maryland Law Review 960 (2019), Northeastern University School of Law Research Paper No. 356-2019
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 13 Sep 2019
Jessica M. Silbey and Woodrow Hartzog
Boston University - School of Law and Boston University School of Law
Downloads 433 (124,665)

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privacy, democracy, education law, media law, copyright, civil rights, information law, first amendment

36.

Data Vu: Why Breaches Involve the Same Stories Again and Again

Scientific American (July 2022), GWU Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2023-24, GWU Law School Public Law Research Paper No. 2023-24, Boston Univ. School of Law Research Paper No. 4326723
Number of pages: 5 Posted: 19 Jan 2023 Last Revised: 18 Sep 2023
Daniel J. Solove and Woodrow Hartzog
George Washington University Law School and Boston University School of Law
Downloads 420 (129,120)

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data breach, data security

37.

Promises and Privacy: Promissory Estoppel and Confidential Disclosure in Online Communities

82 Temple Law Review 891 (2009)
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 16 Sep 2009 Last Revised: 12 Aug 2017
Woodrow Hartzog
Boston University School of Law
Downloads 334 (166,646)

Abstract:

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privacy, confidentiality, online communities, social network sites, cyberlaw, technology, disclosure

38.

Reviving Implied Confidentiality

89 Indiana Law Journal 763 (2014)
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 08 Aug 2012 Last Revised: 12 Aug 2017
Woodrow Hartzog
Boston University School of Law
Downloads 277 (202,825)

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confidentiality, implied confidentiality, privacy, contract, Internet

39.

The Fight to Frame Privacy

111 Michigan Law Review 1021 (2013)
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 13 Apr 2013 Last Revised: 12 Aug 2017
Woodrow Hartzog
Boston University School of Law
Downloads 239 (234,806)

Abstract:

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privacy, security, confidentiality, Fourth Amendment

40.

An Education Theory of Fault For Autonomous Systems

2 Notre Dame Journal on Emerging Technologies 33 (2021)
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 28 May 2021 Last Revised: 12 Jul 2021
William D Smart, Cindy Grimm and Woodrow Hartzog
Oregon State University, Oregon State University and Boston University School of Law
Downloads 237 (236,704)

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artificial intelligence, torts, fault, duty, ai, automation, automated systems, driverless cars, robotics

41.

Comments of the Cordell Institute on the Prevalence of Commercial Surveillance and Data Security Practices that Harm Consumers

Comment Submitted by Cordell Institute for Policy in Medicine & Law at Washington University in St. Louis (Nov. 21, 2022), available at https://www.regulations.gov/comment/FTC-2022-0053-1071 (Comment ID: FTC-2022-0053-1071)
Number of pages: 82 Posted: 29 Dec 2022
Neil M. Richards, Woodrow Hartzog and Jordan Francis
Washington University School of Law, Boston University School of Law and Washington University in St. Louis - The Cordell Institute for Policy in Medicine & Law
Downloads 225 (249,829)

Abstract:

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commercial surveillance, loyalty, fiduciary, data protection, data security, privacy, technology, internet, unfair trade practice

42.

Social Data

74 Ohio State Law Journal 995 (2013)
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 18 Dec 2013 Last Revised: 12 Aug 2017
Woodrow Hartzog
Boston University School of Law
Downloads 191 (289,330)

Abstract:

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privacy, social media, data, fair information practice principles

43.

The Failure of Data Security Law

Chapter 3 from Daniel J. Solove & Woodrow Hartzog, Breached! Why Data Security Law Fails and How to Improve It, ISBN‎ 978-0190940553, March 2022
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 21 Mar 2024
Daniel J. Solove and Woodrow Hartzog
George Washington University Law School and Boston University School of Law
Downloads 176 (311,053)

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data security, cybersecurity, data breach, privacy, breach notification

44.

The COVID-19 Pandemic and the Technology Trust Gap

51 Seton Hall Law Review 1505 (2021), Northeastern University School of Law Research Paper No. 421
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 29 Jun 2021 Last Revised: 13 Sep 2022
Northeastern University Khoury College of Computer Sciences, Northeastern University Khoury College of Computer Sciences, Boston University School of Law and Northeastern University
Downloads 165 (330,716)

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privacy, data, surveillance, COVID-19, pandemic, data protection, technology, internet

45.

Comments of the Cordell Institute on AI Accountability

Comments of the Cordell Institute on AI Accountability (June 12, 2023), available at https://www.regulations.gov/comment/NTIA-2023-0005-1291 (Comment ID: NTIA-2023-0005-1291)
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 27 Jun 2023
Neil M. Richards, Woodrow Hartzog and Jordan Francis
Washington University School of Law, Boston University School of Law and Washington University in St. Louis - The Cordell Institute for Policy in Medicine & Law
Downloads 158 (341,306)

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artificial intelligence, AI, AI assurance, AI accountability, transparency, bias, ethics, trust, loyalty, consumer protection

46.

Body Cameras and the Path to Redeem Privacy Law

96 North Carolina Law Review 1257 (2018)
Number of pages: 57 Posted: 10 Nov 2018
Woodrow Hartzog
Boston University School of Law
Downloads 156 (344,990)

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Privacy, Technology, Data, Surveillance, Fourth Amendment

47.

National Telecommunications and Information Administration: Comments from Researchers at Boston University and the University of Chicago

Boston Univ. School of Law Research Paper No. 23-24
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 22 Jun 2023
Boston University, Department of Computer Science, University of Chicago - Department of Computer Science, Boston University - School of Law, Boston University, Boston University - School of Law, Boston University, Boston University School of Law, Boston University - School of Law, Boston University and Boston University - School of Law
Downloads 83 (544,242)

Abstract:

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artificial intelligence

48.

A Comparative Study of Dark Patterns Across Mobile and Web Modalities

In the Proceedings of the ACM 2021 Conference on Computer-Supported Cooperative Work and Social Computing, Vol. 5, No. CSCW2, Article 377 (Oct. 2021)
Posted: 19 Oct 2021
Northeastern University Khoury College of Computer Sciences, Northeastern University Khoury College of Computer Sciences, Northeastern University Khoury College of Computer Sciences, Boston University School of Law and Northeastern University

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Dark Patterns; Consumer Protection; Deceptive Content; Nudging; Manipulation; UX Design

49.

Big Data in Small Hands

66 Stanford Law Review Online 81 (2013)
Posted: 05 Sep 2013 Last Revised: 12 Aug 2017
Woodrow Hartzog and Evan Selinger
Boston University School of Law and Rochester Institute of Technology - Department of Philosophy

Abstract:

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privacy, big data, obscurity

50.

The New Price to Play: Are Passive Online Media Users Bound by Terms of Use?

15 Communication Law and Policy 405 (2010)
Posted: 16 Jan 2011 Last Revised: 12 Aug 2017
Woodrow Hartzog
Boston University School of Law

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Contract, Terms of Use, Online Agreement

51.

The Privacy Box: A Software Proposal

14 First Monday (November 2009)
Posted: 04 Mar 2010 Last Revised: 12 Aug 2017
Woodrow Hartzog
Boston University School of Law

Abstract:

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privacy, confidentiality, online communities, social network sites, cyberlaw, technology, disclosure