Sean Watts

Lieber Institute for Law & Land Warfare, West Point

600 Thayer Rd

West Point, NY 10996

United States

Creighton University School of Law

Professor of Law

2500 California Plaza

Omaha, NE 68178

United States

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

30

DOWNLOADS
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Top 7,820

in Total Papers Downloads

8,246

SSRN CITATIONS
Rank 35,601

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 35,601

in Total Papers Citations

11

CROSSREF CITATIONS

11

Scholarly Papers (30)

1.

Low-Intensity Cyber Operations and the Principle of Non-Intervention

Number of pages: 23 Posted: 14 Aug 2014 Last Revised: 07 Apr 2015
Sean Watts and Sean Watts
Creighton University School of LawLieber Institute for Law & Land Warfare, West Point
Downloads 1,120 (27,049)
Citation 4

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International Law, Cyber, Non-Intervention

2.

Beyond State-Centrism: International Law and Non-State Actors in Cyberspace

21 Journal of Conflict and Security Law 1-17 (2016)
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 23 Mar 2016 Last Revised: 15 Aug 2016
Michael N. Schmitt, Sean Watts and Sean Watts
and Creighton University School of LawLieber Institute for Law & Land Warfare, West Point
Downloads 832 (41,165)

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cyber, non-state, sovereignty, state responsibility, jus ad bellum, self-defense, self-defence

3.

Combatant Status and Computer Network Attack

Virginia Journal of International Law, Vol. 50, No. 2, p. 392, 2010
Number of pages: 57 Posted: 25 Aug 2009 Last Revised: 05 Apr 2015
Sean Watts and Sean Watts
Creighton University School of LawLieber Institute for Law & Land Warfare, West Point
Downloads 686 (53,231)
Citation 7

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International Humanitarian Law, Law of War, computer network attack, combatant status

4.

The Decline of International Humanitarian Law Opinio Juris and the Law of Cyber Warfare

Texas International Law Journal, Vol. 50, 2015
Number of pages: 43 Posted: 18 Aug 2014 Last Revised: 05 Jun 2015
Michael N. Schmitt, Sean Watts and Sean Watts
and Creighton University School of LawLieber Institute for Law & Land Warfare, West Point
Downloads 644 (57,753)
Citation 2

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humanitarian law; cyber; opinio juris, law of war,customary law

5.

Baseline Territorial Sovereignty and Cyberspace

Lewis & Clark Law Review, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 70 Posted: 21 Mar 2018 Last Revised: 31 Jul 2018
Sean Watts, Sean Watts and Theodore T. Richard
Creighton University School of LawLieber Institute for Law & Land Warfare, West Point and United States Air Force
Downloads 407 (101,120)

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Cyberspace, Cyber, Sovereignty, Public International Law, State Responsibility, Computer, Violation of Sovereignty, Network

6.

State Opinio Juris and International Humanitarian Law Pluralism

91 International Law Studies 171 (2015) , Texas International Law Journal, Vol. 50, No. 2015
Number of pages: 46 Posted: 12 May 2015
Michael N. Schmitt, Sean Watts and Sean Watts
and Creighton University School of LawLieber Institute for Law & Land Warfare, West Point
Downloads 393 (105,252)
Citation 1

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International Humanitarian Law, Law of War, Law of Armed Conflict, Opinio Juris, Public International Law, National Security Law

7.

Understanding the Distinct Function of the Combatant Status Review Tribunals: A Response to Blocher

Yale Law Journal Pocket Part, Vol. 116, p. 327, 2007
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 17 May 2007
Geoffrey S. Corn, Eric Talbot Jensen, Sean Watts and Sean Watts
South Texas College of Law, Brigham Young University School of Law and Creighton University School of LawLieber Institute for Law & Land Warfare, West Point
Downloads 356 (117,644)

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international law, national security, the law of war, detainees, global war on terror, prisoners of war

8.

Reciprocity and the Law of War

Harvard International Law Journal, Vol. 50, No. 2, Summer 2009
Number of pages: 70 Posted: 07 May 2009 Last Revised: 29 Apr 2015
Sean Watts and Sean Watts
Creighton University School of LawLieber Institute for Law & Land Warfare, West Point
Downloads 343 (122,554)

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Law of War, International Humanitarian Law, Law of Armed Conflict, Reciprocity

9.

Law-of-War Perfidy

219 Mil L. Rev. 106 (2014)
Number of pages: 66 Posted: 19 Feb 2013 Last Revised: 27 Aug 2015
Sean Watts and Sean Watts
Creighton University School of LawLieber Institute for Law & Land Warfare, West Point
Downloads 316 (133,595)
Citation 1

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Law of War, International Humanitarian Law, Law of Armed Conflict, Geneva Conventions, Perfidy, National Security Law, Public International Law, Treachery, Chivalry

10.

Low-Intensity Computer Network Attack and Self-Defense

International Law Studies, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 01 Oct 2010 Last Revised: 05 Apr 2015
Sean Watts and Sean Watts
Creighton University School of LawLieber Institute for Law & Land Warfare, West Point
Downloads 299 (141,780)

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11.

Under Siege: International Humanitarian Law and Security Council Practice Concerning Urban Siege Operations

Number of pages: 26 Posted: 14 Aug 2014 Last Revised: 11 Oct 2014
Sean Watts and Sean Watts
Creighton University School of LawLieber Institute for Law & Land Warfare, West Point
Downloads 279 (152,158)
Citation 6

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Siege, Law of War, International Humanitarian Law, Law of Armed Conflict, jus in bello

12.

A Cyber Duty of Due Diligence: Gentle Civilizer or Crude Destabilizer?

95 Texas Law Review 1555 (2017), BYU Law Research Paper No. 17-16
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 19 Jul 2017
Eric Talbot Jensen, Sean Watts and Sean Watts
Brigham Young University School of Law and Creighton University School of LawLieber Institute for Law & Land Warfare, West Point
Downloads 267 (159,107)

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cyber, warfare, armed conflict, countermeasures, due diligence, state responsibility

13.

Who Is a Prisoner of War

Chapter 44 of The Geneva Conventions of 1949: A Commmentary (Clapham et al., eds, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015)
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 06 Jul 2016 Last Revised: 10 Jul 2016
Sean Watts and Sean Watts
Creighton University School of LawLieber Institute for Law & Land Warfare, West Point
Downloads 230 (183,923)

Abstract:

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Law of War, International Humanitarian Law, Law of Armed Conflict, Geneva Conventions, Prisoner of War, Public International Law

14.

Status of Government Forces in Non-International Armed Conflict

International Law Studies, Vol. 88, 2012
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 13 Dec 2011
Sean Watts and Sean Watts
Creighton University School of LawLieber Institute for Law & Land Warfare, West Point
Downloads 212 (198,593)

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Law of War, International Humanitarian Law, Law of Armed Conflict, Non-International Armed Conflict, Combatant Status, National Security Law, International Law, War Crimes, International Criminal Law, Military Law, Status in Armed Conflict

15.

'Unlawful Enemy Combatant:' Status, Theory of Culpability, or Neither?

Journal of International Criminal Justice, Vol. 5, No. 1, pp. 19-25, 2007
Number of pages: 7 Posted: 06 May 2009
Mark David Max Maxwell, Sean Watts and Sean Watts
affiliation not provided to SSRN and Creighton University School of LawLieber Institute for Law & Land Warfare, West Point
Downloads 185 (224,489)

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Law of War, International Humanitarian Law, Law of Armed Conflict, International Criminal Law, Unlawful Enemy Combatant, Unlawful Combatant, Unprivileged Belligerent

16.

Cyber Norm Development and the United States Law of War Manual

NATO Cooperative Cyber Defence Centre of Excellence, International Cyber Norms Development (Anna-Maria Osula ed., Forthcoming)
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 31 Aug 2015 Last Revised: 10 Oct 2015
Sean Watts and Sean Watts
Creighton University School of LawLieber Institute for Law & Land Warfare, West Point
Downloads 170 (241,269)

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law of war, cyber warfare, cyber operations, cyber space, cyber law, international law, law of armed conflict, international humanitarian law

17.

Autonomous Weapons: Regulation Tolerant or Regulation Resistant?

Number of pages: 10 Posted: 11 Nov 2015
Sean Watts and Sean Watts
Creighton University School of LawLieber Institute for Law & Land Warfare, West Point
Downloads 165 (247,437)
Citation 21

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law of war, international humanitarian law, weapons, autonomous weapons, law of armed conflict, weapons bans

18.

Domestic Investigation of Suspected Law of Armed Conflict Violations: United States Procedures - Policies and Practices

Number of pages: 23 Posted: 13 Dec 2011
Sean Watts and Sean Watts
Creighton University School of LawLieber Institute for Law & Land Warfare, West Point
Downloads 149 (269,088)

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Law of War, International Humanitarian Law, Law of Armed Conflict, Investigations, National Security Law, International Law, jus in bello, war crimes, military law, International Criminal Law, military justice

19.

Rethinking the Security Architecture of North East Asia

Victoria University Wellington Law Review, Vol. 41, p. 273, 2010
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 27 Sep 2010
Michael J. Kelly, Sean Watts and Sean Watts
Creighton University School of Law and Creighton University School of LawLieber Institute for Law & Land Warfare, West Point
Downloads 148 (270,547)

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Collective Security, North East Asia, National Security, International Relations, Security Alliance

20.

The Notion of Combatancy in Cyber Warfare

Number of pages: 19 Posted: 23 Aug 2014
Sean Watts and Sean Watts
Creighton University School of LawLieber Institute for Law & Land Warfare, West Point
Downloads 117 (322,923)
Citation 1

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Law of War, Cyber, International Humanitarian Law, Combatant, Combatant Immunity, Law of Armed Conflict, International Law, National Security Law

21.

Due Diligence and the U.S. Defend Forward Cyber Strategy

Hoover Working Group on National Security, Technology, and Law, BYU Law Research Paper No. 20-24
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 22 Sep 2020
Eric Talbot Jensen, Sean Watts and Sean Watts
Brigham Young University School of Law and Creighton University School of LawLieber Institute for Law & Land Warfare, West Point
Downloads 116 (324,861)

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Cyber, due diligence, international law

22.

Cyber Due Diligence

Oklahoma Law Review, Vol. 73, No. 645, 2021, BYU Law Research Paper No. 21-11
Number of pages: 66 Posted: 08 Jul 2021
Eric Talbot Jensen, Sean Watts and Sean Watts
Brigham Young University School of Law and Creighton University School of LawLieber Institute for Law & Land Warfare, West Point
Downloads 115 (326,849)

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cyber, due diligence, international law, public policy, computer

23.

Hostile Protected Persons or 'Extra-Conventional Persons': How Unlawful Combatants in the War on Terrorism Posed Extraordinary Challenges for Military Attorneys and Commanders

Fordham International Law Journal, Vol. 28, No. 681, 2005
Number of pages: 47 Posted: 07 May 2009
Paul Kantwill, Sean Watts and Sean Watts
Loyola University Chicago School of Law and Creighton University School of LawLieber Institute for Law & Land Warfare, West Point
Downloads 114 (328,893)

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law of war, international humanitarian law, law of armed conflict, Geneva Conventions, protected persons, prisoner of war, JAG, Military Lawyer, judge advocate general

24.

Collective Cyber Countermeasures?

12 Harvard National Security Journal 176 (2021)
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 08 Jul 2021
Michael N. Schmitt, Sean Watts and Sean Watts
and Creighton University School of LawLieber Institute for Law & Land Warfare, West Point
Downloads 113 (330,861)

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public international law, state responsibility, circumstances precluding wrongfulness, self-help, cyber, international relations

25.

The Duty of Due Diligence and Cyber Incitements to Violence

Number of pages: 6 Posted: 06 Jan 2017
Sean Watts and Sean Watts
Creighton University School of LawLieber Institute for Law & Land Warfare, West Point
Downloads 106 (345,660)

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Cyber, Cyberspace, Countermeasures, State Responsibility, Public International Law, Due Diligence, Incitement to Violence, Incitement to Genocide

26.

Regulation-Tolerant Weapons, Regulation-Resistant Weapons and the Law of War

91 Int'l L. Stud. 540 (2015)
Number of pages: 83 Posted: 28 Aug 2015
Sean Watts and Sean Watts
Creighton University School of LawLieber Institute for Law & Land Warfare, West Point
Downloads 104 (350,114)

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law of war, weapons, international humanitarian law, public international law, law of armed conflict, emerging technology

27.

Humanitarian Logic and the Law of Siege: A Study of the Oxford Guidance on Relief Actions

94 International Law Studies, 2019
Number of pages: 49 Posted: 15 Feb 2019
Sean Watts and Sean Watts
Creighton University School of LawLieber Institute for Law & Land Warfare, West Point
Downloads 95 (371,033)

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International Humanitarian Law, Law of Armed Conflict, Law of War, Siege, Humanitarian Relief Actions

28.

Law of War Precautions: A Cautionary Note

Number of pages: 88 Posted: 18 Jul 2018
Sean Watts and Sean Watts
Creighton University School of LawLieber Institute for Law & Land Warfare, West Point
Downloads 89 (386,364)

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Law of War, Law of Armed Conflict, International Humanitarian Law, Precautions, Targeting, Public International Law

29.

Common Article 1 and the Duty to 'Ensure Respect'

96 International Law Studies 674-706 (2020)
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 22 Feb 2021
Michael N. Schmitt, Sean Watts and Sean Watts
and Creighton University School of LawLieber Institute for Law & Land Warfare, West Point
Downloads 76 (423,915)

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Geneva Convention, Common Article, Ensure Respect, Humanitarian Law, Law of Armed Conflict, Armed Conflict

30.

Unlawful Enemy Combatant : Status, Theory of Culpability, or Neither?

Journal of International Criminal Justice, Vol. 5, Issue 1, pp. 19-25, 2007
Posted: 18 Jun 2008
Mark David Max Maxwell, Sean Watts and Sean Watts
affiliation not provided to SSRN and Creighton University School of LawLieber Institute for Law & Land Warfare, West Point

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