Michael Waibel

University of Cambridge - Faculty of Law

10 West Road

Cambridge, CB3 9DZ

United Kingdom

Lauterpacht Centre for International Law

University Lecturer

5 Cranmer Road

Cambridge, CB3 9BL

United Kingdom

University of Cambridge - Jesus College

Jesus Lane

Cambridge, CB5 8BL

United Kingdom

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

53

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10

Scholarly Papers (53)

1.

Investment Arbitration: Jurisdiction and Admissibility

University of Cambridge Faculty of Law Research Paper No. 9/2014
Number of pages: 81 Posted: 08 Feb 2014
Michael Waibel
University of Cambridge - Faculty of Law
Downloads 2,470 (4,517)

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international dispute settlement, jurisdiction, admissibility, investment arbitration, Kompetenz-Kompetenz, counterclaims

2.

Opening Pandora's Box: Sovereign Bonds in International Arbitration

American Journal of International Law, Vol. 101, pp. 711-759, 2007
Number of pages: 49 Posted: 08 Mar 2010
Michael Waibel
University of Cambridge - Faculty of Law
Downloads 1,682 (8,681)
Citation 2

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ICSID, arbitration, Argentina, sovereign debt, sovereign default, non-payment, investment, fair and equitable treatment

3.

The Backlash Against Investment Arbitration: Perceptions and Reality

THE BACKLASH AGAINST INVESTMENT ARBITRATION, Michael Waibel, Asha Kaushal, Kyo-Hwa Chung & Claire Balchin, eds., Kluwer Law International, March 2010
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 02 Jan 2011
University of Cambridge - Faculty of Law, University of British Columbia (UBC), Faculty of Law, Kim & Chang and Allen & Overy LLP
Downloads 1,075 (17,627)
Citation 2

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Investment Arbitration, Backlash, Discontent, Critiques

4.

Two Worlds of Necessity in ICSID Arbitration: CMS and LG&E

Leiden Journal of International Law, Vol. 20, pp. 637-648, 2007
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 08 Mar 2010 Last Revised: 02 Jan 2011
Michael Waibel
University of Cambridge - Faculty of Law
Downloads 907 (22,717)
Citation 1

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5.

International Investment Law and Treaty Interpretation

FROM CLINICAL ISOLATION TO SYSTEMIC INTEGRATION, pp. 29-52, Hofmann, Rainer, Tams, C. Christian, eds., Baden-Baden, 2011
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 20 Sep 2011
Michael Waibel
University of Cambridge - Faculty of Law
Downloads 718 (31,552)

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ICSID, investment arbitration, treaty interpretation, law-making, WTO, effectiveness, impact on development

6.

The Corfu Channel Case

MAX PLANCK ENCYCLOPEDIA OF PUBLIC INTERNATIONAL LAW, Rüdiger Wolfrum, ed., Oxford University Press, 2010
Number of pages: 6 Posted: 31 Aug 2011
Michael Waibel
University of Cambridge - Faculty of Law
Downloads 584 (41,573)

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International Court of Justice, compensation, Albania, innocent passage, responsibility for an internationally wrongful act by omission, mines, international straits, evidence before international courts and tribunals, sovereignty

7.

Principles of Treaty Interpretation: Developed for and Applied by National Courts?

University of Cambridge Faculty of Law Research Paper No. 16/2015
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 18 Apr 2015
Michael Waibel
University of Cambridge - Faculty of Law
Downloads 569 (43,030)

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Treaty interpretation, national courts, interpretive communities, international and domestic canons of construction, Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties, obligation to apply the Vienna Convention

8.

Sovereign Defaults Before International Courts and Tribunals

SOVEREIGN DEFAULTS BEFORE INTERNATIONAL COURTS AND TRIBUNALS, Cambridge University Press, 2011
Number of pages: 5 Posted: 01 Jan 2011 Last Revised: 15 Sep 2011
Michael Waibel
University of Cambridge - Faculty of Law
Downloads 462 (56,045)
Citation 1

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sovereign debt restructuring, sovereign default, international law

9.

Bank Insolvency and Sovereign Insolvency

Rosa Maria Lastra, CROSS-BORDER BANK INSOLVENCY, Chapter 13, Oxford University Press, May 2011
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 01 Jan 2011
Michael Waibel
University of Cambridge - Faculty of Law
Downloads 424 (62,221)

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sovereign default, bank insolvency, migration of debt, banking crisis

10.

Out of Thin Air? Tracing the Origins of the UNCTAD Principles in Customary International Law

SOVEREIGN FINANCING AND INTERNATIONAL LAW: THE UNCTAD PRINCIPLES ON RESPONSIBLE SOVEREIGN LENDING AND BORROWING, Juan Pablo Bohoslavsky, Carlos Esposito, Yuefen Li, eds., Oxford University Press, 2013
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 21 Oct 2012 Last Revised: 12 Nov 2012
Michael Waibel
University of Cambridge - Faculty of Law
Downloads 383 (70,243)

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UNCTAD, sovereign debt crises, default, general principles of law, customary international law

11.

Steering Sovereign Debt Restructurings Through the CDS Quicksand

Number of pages: 41 Posted: 08 Mar 2012 Last Revised: 14 Jul 2012
Michael Waibel
University of Cambridge - Faculty of Law
Downloads 340 (80,661)

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collective action clauses, Greece, restructuring, exit consents, credit default swaps, CDS, restructuring credit event, determinations committees

12.

Coordinating Adjudication Processes

University of Cambridge Faculty of Law Research Paper No. 6/2014
Number of pages: 57 Posted: 29 Jan 2014
Michael Waibel
University of Cambridge - Faculty of Law
Downloads 322 (85,826)

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international dispute settlement; parallel proceedings; double recovery; lis pendens; res judicata; shareholder derivative claims; mass claims; shareholder claims for reflective loss

13.

BIT by BIT – The Silent Liberalisation of the Capital Account

INTERNATIONAL INVESTMENT LAW FOR THE 21ST CENTURY - ESSAYS IN HONOUR OF CHRISTOPH SCHREUER, pp. 497-518, C. Binder, U. Kriebaum, A. Reinisch and S. Wittich, eds., Oxford, 2009
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 08 Mar 2010
Michael Waibel
University of Cambridge - Faculty of Law
Downloads 322 (85,826)

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Balance of Payments, ICSID, Bilateral Investment Treaties, Safeguards, Exchange Controls, Capital Controls, IMF

14.

Iceland’s Financial Crisis – Quo Vadis International Law

ASIL Insight, Vol. 14, No. 5, March 1, 2010
Number of pages: 6 Posted: 01 Jan 2011
Michael Waibel
University of Cambridge - Faculty of Law
Downloads 318 (86,983)

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Iceland, Bank Insolvency, Deposit Insurance, Kaupthing

Subnational Insolvency: Cross-Country Experiences and Lessons

Policy Research Working Paper No. 4496
Number of pages: 43 Posted: 07 May 2009
Lili Liu and Michael Waibel
World Bank - Poverty Reduction and Economic Management Network (PREM) and University of Cambridge - Faculty of Law
Downloads 140 (191,837)
Citation 4

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Insolvency, Bankruptcy, public entity, municipality, province, creditors

16.

Interpretive Communities in International Law

Forthcoming in A. Bianchi, D. Peat and M. Windsor (eds) Interpretation in International Law (Oxford University Press) INTRODUCTION, University of Cambridge Faculty of Law Research Paper No. 62/2014
Number of pages: 40 Posted: 24 Oct 2014
Michael Waibel
University of Cambridge - Faculty of Law
Downloads 271 (103,503)

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Interpretation, treaties, interpretive communities, epistemic communities, specialization, fragmentation, regimes, interpretive methods

17.

Creditor Protection in International Law

Pieter Bekker, Rudolf Dolzer, Michael Waibel, MAKING TRANSNATIONAL LAW WORK IN THE GLOBAL ECONOMY: ESSAYS IN HONOUR OF DETLEV VAGTS, Cambridge University Press, 2010
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 01 Jan 2011
Michael Waibel
University of Cambridge - Faculty of Law
Downloads 267 (105,176)

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creditor protection, insolvency, international law

18.

Uniformity Versus Specialisation: A Uniform Regime of Treaty Interpretation?

University of Cambridge Faculty of Law Research Paper No. 54/2013
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 14 Nov 2013
Michael Waibel
University of Cambridge - Faculty of Law
Downloads 235 (119,977)

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Treaty Interpretation; Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties; fragmentation; specialized adjudicators; epistemic communities; interpretive home bias; margin of appreciation

19.

Counterclaims in International Law

University of Cambridge Faculty of Law Research Paper No. 66/2014
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 21 Oct 2014 Last Revised: 14 Dec 2014
Michael Waibel and Jake Rylatt
University of Cambridge - Faculty of Law and University of Cambridge - Lauterpacht Centre for International Law
Downloads 218 (129,234)

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counterclaims; ICJ; investment arbitration

20.

Fair and Equitable Treatment and Judicial Patent Decisions

University of Cambridge Faculty of Law Research Paper No. 4/2016
Number of pages: 40 Posted: 26 Jan 2016
Kathleen Liddell and Michael Waibel
University of Cambridge - Faculty of Law and University of Cambridge - Faculty of Law
Downloads 212 (132,697)

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intellectual property rights, patents, patent offices, patent invalidation, fair and equitable treatment, state responsibility for judicial conduct, deference to judicial conduct, Eli Lilly v. Canada

21.

Debt Relief to Poor Countries: Rules v. Discretion

Butterworths Journal of International Banking and Financial Law, May 2010
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 20 May 2010 Last Revised: 02 Jan 2011
Michael Waibel
University of Cambridge - Faculty of Law
Downloads 212 (132,697)

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debt relief, HIPC, holdout, sovereign debt restructuring, collective action

22.

The Principle of Privity

University of Cambridge Faculty of Law Research Paper No. 44/2016
Number of pages: 40 Posted: 18 Sep 2016
Michael Waibel
University of Cambridge - Faculty of Law
Downloads 195 (143,476)

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law of treaties, privity, pacta tertiis, objective regimes, VCLT, third states

23.

Retaliating Against Exchange-Rate Manipulation Under WTO Rules

THE US-SINO CURRENCY DISPUTE: NEW INSIGHTS FROM ECONOMICS, POLITICS, AND LAW, pp. 133-138, Simon J. Evenett, ed., VoxEu.org and Centre for Economic Policy Research, 2010
Number of pages: 4 Posted: 02 Jan 2011
Michael Waibel
University of Cambridge - Faculty of Law
Downloads 172 (160,839)

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WTO, IMF, Export Subsidy, Exchange Rate, Undervaluation

24.

Two Decades Lost: Reinvigorating the Weak Cousin of WTO Law

Selected Papers from ESIL Proceedings, Vol. 3, 2011
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 31 Dec 2010 Last Revised: 27 Aug 2012
Michael Waibel
University of Cambridge - Faculty of Law
Downloads 170 (162,486)

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international financial law, underdevelopment, weakness, history, IMF

25.

Gibraltar

MAX PLANCK ENCYCLOPEDIA OF PUBLIC INTERNATIONAL LAW, Rüdiger Wolfrum, ed., Oxford University Press, 2009
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 31 Aug 2011
Michael Waibel
University of Cambridge - Faculty of Law
Downloads 153 (177,872)

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British overseas territory, territory, sovereignty, cession by treaty, Spain, referendum, self-determination, co-sovereignty

26.

The Rise and Fall of Trade and Monetary Legal Orders: From the Interwar Period to Today’s Global Imbalances

Chapter 9 IN: Contractual Knowledge: One Hundred Years of Legal Experimentation, Gregoire Mallard & Jerome Sgard, editors, NY: Cambridge University Press, UC Irvine School of Law Research Paper No. 2016-28, University of Cambridge Faculty of Law Research Paper No. 28/2016
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 08 Jun 2016 Last Revised: 13 Aug 2016
Gregory Shaffer and Michael Waibel
University of California, Irvine School of Law and University of Cambridge - Faculty of Law
Downloads 146 (184,872)

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27.

Elusive Certainty - Implications of Donegal v. Zambia

International Financial Law Review, pp. 31-34, 2007
Number of pages: 6 Posted: 08 Mar 2010 Last Revised: 28 Mar 2011
Michael Waibel
University of Cambridge - Faculty of Law
Downloads 136 (195,846)

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HIPC, Zambia, holdout, sovereign debt, Donegal, creditor

28.

Demystifying the Art of Interpretation

European Journal of International Law, Vol. 22, No. 2, pp. 571-588, 2011
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 01 Dec 2011
Michael Waibel
University of Cambridge - Faculty of Law
Downloads 124 (210,560)

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interpretation, legal methods, international courts and tribunals, WTO, contextual and effective interpretation

29.

Managing Subnational Credit and Default Risks

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 5362
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
Lili Liu and Michael Waibel
World Bank - Poverty Reduction and Economic Management Network (PREM) and University of Cambridge - Faculty of Law
Downloads 117 (219,924)

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Bankruptcy and Resolution of Financial Distress, Debt Markets, Access to Finance, Banks & Banking Reform, Subnational Economic Development

30.

Eurobonds: Legal Design Features

University of Cambridge Faculty of Law Research Paper No. 37/2016
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 10 Aug 2016
Michael Waibel
University of Cambridge - Faculty of Law
Downloads 114 (224,159)

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Eurobond, governing law, issuer, European Monetary Union, Sovereign Debt

31.

The Icarus Syndrome: How Credit Rating Agencies Lost Their Quasi-Immunity

University of Cambridge Faculty of Law Research Paper No. 12/2017
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 14 Feb 2017
Michael Waibel and Norbert Gaillard
University of Cambridge - Faculty of Law and NG Consulting
Downloads 112 (227,111)

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credit rating agency, free speech, commercial speech, First Amendment, litigation, mercantile agency, subprime crisis, Standard & Poor's, Moody's, Fitch

32.

Arbitrator Selection – Towards Greater State Control

Kulick, Andreas (ed), Reassertion of Control over the Investment Treaty Regime (Cambridge University Press, Forthcoming), University of Cambridge Faculty of Law Research Paper No. 30/2016
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 09 Jul 2016
Michael Waibel
University of Cambridge - Faculty of Law
Downloads 112 (227,111)

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international arbitration; arbitrators; selection; appointment; legitimacy

33.

The (Mis)Alignment of the Trade and Monetary Legal Orders

Chapter 5 IN: Transnational Legal Orders, Terence C Halliday; Gregory C Shaffer, editors, New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 2015., UC Irvine School of Law Research Paper No. 2016-27, University of Cambridge Faculty of Law Research Paper No. 27/2016
Number of pages: 47 Posted: 08 Jun 2016 Last Revised: 13 Aug 2016
Gregory Shaffer and Michael Waibel
University of California, Irvine School of Law and University of Cambridge - Faculty of Law
Downloads 106 (236,079)

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34.

Investment Codes

Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law, Oxford University Press, 2011
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 27 Aug 2012
Michael Waibel and Markus Burgstaller
University of Cambridge - Faculty of Law and Hogan Lovells
Downloads 106 (236,079)

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Investment Codes, foreign investment, protection, bilateral investment treaties, expropriation

35.

State Liability in the EEA

Forthcoming, The Fundamental Principles of EEA Law: EEA-ities (Carl Baudenbacher, ed.) (Springer), University of Cambridge Faculty of Law Research Paper No. 10/2017
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 10 Feb 2017
Michael Waibel and Fiona Petersen
University of Cambridge - Faculty of Law and University of Cambridge
Downloads 103 (240,803)

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state liability, EFTA, EEA, Iceland, deposit insurance, homogeneity, serious breach

36.

The Diplomatic Channel

THE LAW OF INTERNATIONAL RESPONSIBILITY, James Crawford and Alain Pellet, eds., Oxford University Press, 2010
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 02 Jan 2011 Last Revised: 27 Aug 2012
Michael Waibel
University of Cambridge - Faculty of Law
Downloads 101 (244,095)

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Negotiation, International Disputes, State Responsibility, Settlement

37.

Staateninsolvenzen in Historischer Sicht (In German)

STAATENINSOLVENZEN, Georg Kodek, August Reinisch, eds., Springer/Bankwissenschaftlicher Verlag, 2011
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 31 Dec 2010
Michael Waibel
University of Cambridge - Faculty of Law
Downloads 101 (244,095)

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sovereign default, history, 19th century, 20th century

38.

The Origins of Interpretive Canons in Domestic Legal Systems

University of Cambridge Faculty of Law Research Paper No. 27/2018, forthcoming in J KlingerY Parkhomenko and C Salonidis (eds) Between the Lines of the Vienna Convention: Canons of Construction and Other Interpretive Principles in Public International Law: A Practitioners' Handbook (Wolters Kluwer
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 20 Apr 2018 Last Revised: 25 Apr 2018
Michael Waibel
University of Cambridge - Faculty of Law
Downloads 96 (252,606)

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treaty interpretation; canons of interpretation; VLCT; effectiveness; contra proferentem; ejusdem generis; expressio unius; generalia specialibus non derogant; in dubio mitius

39.

Chapter 9: Legitimacy and Governance Challenges

The Political Economy of the Investment Treaty Regime. Oxford: Oxford University Press. (2017), University of Cambridge Faculty of Law Research Paper No. 60/2017
Number of pages: 82 Posted: 28 Jul 2017 Last Revised: 30 Nov 2017
University of New South Wales, University College London and University of Cambridge - Faculty of Law
Downloads 93 (257,802)

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investment treaties, international arbitration, foreign direct investment, regimes, international economic law, international business

40.

Even Wars Have Limits: Fundamental Principles of International Humanitarian Law

juridicum - Zeitschrift im Rechtstaat 1/02, 29-31
Number of pages: 3 Posted: 12 Oct 2014
Michael Waibel
University of Cambridge - Faculty of Law
Downloads 91 (263,280)

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International Humanitarian Law; Martens Clause; principle of distinction; Red Cross

41.

Echoes of History: The International Financial Commission in Greece

in Sovereign Default – Do We Need a Legal Procedure? (ed. Christoph Paulus, Beck, 2014), 3-19
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 21 Jul 2015
Michael Waibel
University of Cambridge - Faculty of Law
Downloads 90 (263,280)

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Public finance; Greece; 19th century; quasi-receivership; financial control; international financial commission; sovereign default

42.

Competence Review: Trade and Investment

Number of pages: 30 Posted: 12 Oct 2014
Michael Waibel
University of Cambridge - Faculty of Law
Downloads 89 (265,110)

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Euroepan investment policy; Treaty of Lisbon; exclusive competence; common commercial policy

43.

Constitutional Protections Afforded to Individuals Subject to an Extradition Request

Forthcoming in Max Planck Encyclopedia of Comparative Constitutional Law (Rainer Grote, Frauke Lachenmann and Rüdiger Wolfrum eds.), University of Cambridge Faculty of Law Research Paper No. 61/2016
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 02 Dec 2016
Trina Malone and Michael Waibel
University of Cambridge and University of Cambridge - Faculty of Law
Downloads 78 (287,274)

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extradition, comparative constitutional law, death penalty, double criminality, political offences, European Arrest Warrant

44.

Monetary Policy: An Exclusive Competence Only in Name?

University of Cambridge Faculty of Law Research Paper No. 11/2017
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 10 Feb 2017
Michael Waibel
University of Cambridge - Faculty of Law
Downloads 77 (289,444)

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Economic and Monetary Union, European Central Bank, Eurosystem, monetary policy, Outright Monetary Transactions, quantitative easing, Pringle, Gauweiler

45.

Brexit and Acquired Rights

AJIL Unbound, Forthcoming, University of Cambridge Faculty of Law Research Paper No. 61/2017
Number of pages: 7 Posted: 02 Dec 2017
Michael Waibel
University of Cambridge - Faculty of Law
Downloads 66 (317,908)

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Brexit, UK's Financial Obligations, Acquired Rights, Article 50, VCLT

46.

A Good Day and Salutory Warning for the European Union

Cambridge Law Journal, pp. 38-40, March 2010
Number of pages: 3 Posted: 01 Jan 2011
Michael Waibel
University of Cambridge - Faculty of Law
Downloads 64 (320,514)

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European Union Law, Lisbon Treaty, Bundesverfassungsgericht, Democracy Deficit

47.

Technology Transfer

In R. Wolfrum (ed.) Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law (Oxford University Press, 2012), Vol. IX, 801-814,
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 11 Oct 2014
Michael Waibel and William P. Alford
University of Cambridge - Faculty of Law and Harvard Law School
Downloads 60 (331,095)

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Technology Transfer; licensing; access to medicines; Draft Code on Technology Transfer; UNCTAD

48.

France's Subnational Insolvency Framework

In Until Debt Do Us Part: Subnational Debt, Insolvency and Markets O. Canuto and L. Liu (Washington, DC, The World Bank, 2013)
Number of pages: 40 Posted: 13 Oct 2014
Lili Liu, Norbert Gaillard and Michael Waibel
World Bank - Poverty Reduction and Economic Management Network (PREM), NG Consulting and University of Cambridge - Faculty of Law
Downloads 55 (348,360)

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subnational insolvency; subnational bankruptcy; France; defaults; public accountants

49.

The Macroeconomics of Investment Treaties' Investment Liberalization Provisions: A Review of Theory and Evidence

Number of pages: 12 Posted: 15 Feb 2017
University of New South Wales, University College London and University of Cambridge - Faculty of Law
Downloads 53 (351,417)

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50.

The United Kingdom

Number of pages: 36 Posted: 12 Oct 2014
Piet Eeckhout and Michael Waibel
University College London - Faculty of Laws and University of Cambridge - Faculty of Law
Downloads 40 (394,253)

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European Monetary Union; Pringle; European Central Bank; governance reform; Six-Pack

51.

Pitting the MFN Genie Back in the Bottle

University of Cambridge Faculty of Law Research Paper No. 28/2017
Number of pages: 6 Posted: 20 Apr 2018
Michael Waibel
University of Cambridge - Faculty of Law
Downloads 39 (397,891)

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MFN, default meaning, international investment law, international trade law

52.

To Formalize or Not to Formalize: Creditor-Debtor Engagement in Sovereign Debt Restructurings

University of Cambridge Faculty of Law Research Paper No. 46/2018
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 06 Jul 2018
Michael Waibel
University of Cambridge - Faculty of Law
Downloads 22 (474,725)

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creditor, debtor, Creditor-debtor Engagement, sovereign debt, bonds, loans

53.

Amicus Curiae Submission in NAFTA Proceedings Eli Lilly v. Canada

University of Cambridge Faculty of Law Research Paper No. 13/2016
Posted: 02 Mar 2016
University of Cambridge - Faculty of Law, University of Cambridge - Faculty of Law and University of Cambridge - Faculty of Law

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intellectual property rights, patents, patent invalidation, patent revocation, utility, industrial application, new medical use inventions, selection inventions, NAFTA fair and equitable treatment, FET, state responsibility for judicial conduct, legitimate expectations, TRIPs, NAFTA