Philip N. Howard

University of Washington - Department of Communication

Professor

Seattle, WA 98195

United States

http://www.philhoward.org

University of Washington - Henry. M. Jackson School of International Studies

Professor

Seattle, WA

United States

University of Washington - The Information School

Professor

Box 353350

Seattle, WA 98195

United States

University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute

Professor

1 St. Giles

University of Oxford

Oxford OX1 3PG Oxfordshire, Oxfordshire OX1 3JS

United Kingdom

University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute

Professor

1 St. Giles

University of Oxford

Oxford OX1 3PG Oxfordshire, Oxfordshire OX1 3JS

United Kingdom

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

19

DOWNLOADS
Rank 2,055

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 2,055

in Total Papers Downloads

12,799

CITATIONS
Rank 40,114

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 40,114

in Total Papers Citations

4

Scholarly Papers (19)

1.

Democracy’s Fourth Wave? Information Technologies and the Fuzzy Causes of the Arab Spring

Number of pages: 20 Posted: 28 Mar 2012
Muzammil M. Hussain and Philip N. Howard
affiliation not provided to SSRN and University of Washington - Department of Communication
Downloads 1,194 (9,902)

Abstract:

Arab Spring, Digital Media, Fuzzy Set Logic, Internet, Social Movements, democracy, democratization

2.

Opening Closed Regimes: What Was the Role of Social Media During the Arab Spring?

Number of pages: 30 Posted: 17 Apr 2015 Last Revised: 05 Sep 2015
University of Washington - Department of Communication, University of Washington, American University, affiliation not provided to SSRN, University of Washington and University of Washington - College of Arts and Sciences
Downloads 958 (426)
Citation 1

Abstract:

social media, arab world, political conversations, arab spring

When Do States Disconnect Their Digital Networks? Regime Responses to the Political Uses of Social Media

Number of pages: 17 Posted: 09 Aug 2011
Philip N. Howard, Sheetal D. Agarwal and Muzammil M. Hussain
University of Washington - Department of Communication, Department of Communication, University of Washington and affiliation not provided to SSRN
Downloads 491 (43,249)
Citation 1

Abstract:

Censorship, Surveillance, Repression, Social Movements, Social Media, Information Systems

When Do States Disconnect Their Digital Networks? Regime Responses to The Political Uses of Social Media

APSA 2011 Annual Meeting Paper
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 01 Aug 2011 Last Revised: 13 Jul 2014
Philip N. Howard, Sheetal D. Agarwal and Muzammil M. Hussain
University of Washington - Department of Communication, Department of Communication, University of Washington and affiliation not provided to SSRN
Downloads 54 (306,175)
Citation 1

Abstract:

Censorship, Surveillance, Repression, Social Movements, Social Media, Information Systems

4.

Opening Closed Regimes: Civil Society, Information Infrastructure, and Political Islam

APSA 2010 Annual Meeting Paper
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 19 Jul 2010 Last Revised: 13 Jul 2014
Philip N. Howard and Muzammil M. Hussain
University of Washington - Department of Communication and affiliation not provided to SSRN
Downloads 298 (68,200)

Abstract:

5.

Data Breaches in Europe: Reported Breaches of Compromised Personal Records in Europe, 2005-2014

Number of pages: 21 Posted: 25 Jan 2015
Philip N. Howard and Orsolya Gulyas
University of Washington - Department of Communication and Central European University (CEU)
Downloads 65 (221,015)

Abstract:

data breaches, data security, privacy policy, privacy breaches in Europe,

6.

Does Social Media Make a Difference in Political Campaigns? Digital Dividends in Brazil's 2010 National Elections

Center for Communication and Civic Engagement Working Paper No. 2013-2
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 04 Jun 2013 Last Revised: 04 Jul 2014
Jason Gilmore and Philip N. Howard
University of Washington and University of Washington - Department of Communication
Downloads 57 (250,274)

Abstract:

7.

Political Bots and the Manipulation of Public Opinion in Venezuela

Number of pages: 8 Posted: 26 Jul 2015
University of Southern California - Annenberg School for Communication and Journalism, University of Washington - Department of Communication, Microsoft Corporation - Microsoft Research - Redmond and National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM)
Downloads 48 (58,508)

Abstract:

bots, twitter, Venezuela, Social Media, political communication

8.

Digital Activism and Non‐Violent Conflict

Number of pages: 34 Posted: 23 Apr 2015
Frank Edwards, Philip N. Howard and Mary Joyce
University of Washington, University of Washington - Department of Communication and Berkman Center for Internet & Society
Downloads 47 (141,005)

Abstract:

digital activism, cybercrime, social media campaigns, e-petitions, civil society, online engagement

9.

Getting Beyond the Usual Suspects: Policy and Culture in ICT Adoption

TPRC 2009
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 06 Feb 2012
Dawn Nafus, Philip N. Howard and Ken Anderson
Intel Corporation - Intel Lab, University of Washington - Department of Communication and affiliation not provided to SSRN
Downloads 30 (363,173)

Abstract:

10.

In the Margins: Recounts, Victory and Error in the 2000 and 2004 U.S. Elections

Number of pages: 41 Posted: 05 Nov 2008
Philip N. Howard
University of Washington - Department of Communication
Downloads 26 (374,424)

Abstract:

Recount, Voting Technology, Election Errors, Close Elections

Iran's Political Parties Link to Persian Blogosphere More than News Sources

Project on Information Technology and Political Islam, Research Memo 2010.2. 5 pp. Seattle, University of Washington
Number of pages: 5 Posted: 25 Feb 2015
Philip N. Howard and Aiden Duffy
University of Washington - Department of Communication and University of Washington
Downloads 8 (507,919)

Abstract:

Iran, online political networks, bloggers, Iranian political sphere

Iran's Political Parties Link to Persian Blogosphere More than News Sources

Number of pages: 5 Posted: 12 Feb 2015
Aiden Duffy and Philip N. Howard
University of Washington and University of Washington - Department of Communication
Downloads 7 (513,249)

Abstract:

Iran, media, blog, blogger, blogging, news

12.

Central Asia ICT Project. 'Information and Communication Technology in Central Asia: 2005 Briefing Book'

Number of pages: 32 Posted: 19 Apr 2015
Philip N. Howard
University of Washington - Department of Communication
Downloads 7 (450,904)

Abstract:

Central Asia, ICT, information and communication technology, cultural development, use of internet technologies, information medium, communications medium

13.

Turning Dirt Roads into Information Highways: The Conceptual Misformation of Internet Diffusion

Kitsing, Meelis, and Philip N. Howard. Turning Dirt Roads into Information Highways: The Conceptual Misformation of Internet Diffusion. World Information Access Project Working Paper #2009.2. Seattle: University of Washington.
Number of pages: 56 Posted: 20 Apr 2015
Meelis Kitsing and Philip N. Howard
University of Massachusetts Amherst and University of Washington - Department of Communication
Downloads 4 (476,372)

Abstract:

internet diffusion

14.

Political Parties & Voter Privacy: Australia, Canada, the United Kingdom, and United States in Comparative Perspective

Howard, Philip N., and Daniel Kreiss. 2009. Political Parties & Voter Privacy: Australia, Canada, the United Kingdom, and United States in Comparative Perspective. World Information Access Project Working Paper #2009.1. Seattle: University of Washington.
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 20 Apr 2015
Philip N. Howard and Daniel Kreiss
University of Washington - Department of Communication and Stanford University
Downloads 3 (396,001)
Citation 1

Abstract:

privacy practice, political parties, Australia, Canada, USA, UK, voter privacy protection, political data-mining, privacy

15.

The Dictators’ Digital Dilemma: When Do States Disconnect Their Digital Networks?

Vol. 13. Issues in Technology Innovation. Brookings Institution. 2011.
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 24 Feb 2015
Philip N. Howard, Sheetal D. Agarwal and Muzammil M. Hussain
University of Washington - Department of Communication, Department of Communication, University of Washington and affiliation not provided to SSRN
Downloads 3 (400,633)
Citation 1

Abstract:

government interference into digital networks, state participation in network interventions, social control, government-led Internet shutdowns

16.

Western News and Social Media Websites Broker Information for Iraq's Political Web

Project on Information Technology and Political Islam, Research Memo 2010.1. Seattle, University of Washington
Number of pages: 4 Posted: 25 Feb 2015
Aiden Duffy and Philip N. Howard
University of Washington and University of Washington - Department of Communication
Downloads 2 (500,006)

Abstract:

Iraq, online information brokerage, political networks, online political landscape, network map

17.

Illegal Opposition Groups Dominate Egypt's Online Public Sphere

Project on Information Technology and Political Islam, Research Memo 2010.3. Seattle, University of Washington
Number of pages: 5 Posted: 25 Feb 2015
Aiden Duffy and Philip N. Howard
University of Washington and University of Washington - Department of Communication
Downloads 1 (495,534)

Abstract:

Egypt, online political network

18.

Creativity and Critique: Gap Analysis of Support for Critical Research on Big Data

Number of pages: 44 Posted: 14 Aug 2016 Last Revised: 10 Nov 2016
University of Washington - Department of Communication, University of Washington - Department of Communication, University of Washington - Department of Communication and University of Washington - Department of Communication
Downloads 0 (233,949)

Abstract:

critical big data research, algorithms, automation, bots, big data, literature review

19.

Bots, #Strongerin, and #Brexit: Computational Propaganda During the UK-EU Referendum

Number of pages: 6 Posted: 21 Jun 2016
Philip N. Howard and Bence Kollanyi
University of Washington - Department of Communication and Corvinus University of Budapest - Doctoral School of Sociology and Social Policy
Downloads 0 (10,580)

Abstract: