Ben Bradford

University of Oxford - Centre for Criminology

Career Development Fellow

Manor Road Building

Manor Road

Oxford, OX1 3UQ

United Kingdom

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

46

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CITATIONS
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66

Scholarly Papers (46)

1.

Why Do People Comply with the Law? Legitimacy and the Influence of Legal Institutions

British Journal of Criminology, Vol. 52, No. 6, pp. 1051-1071, 2012
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 31 Jan 2012 Last Revised: 13 Mar 2013
London School of Economics & Political Science - Department of Methodology, University of Oxford - Centre for Criminology, University of London - Institute for Criminal Policy Research, College of Policing, National Policing Improvement Agency and Yale University - Law School
Downloads 913 (14,626)
Citation 7

Abstract:

Public confidence, trust, legitimacy, compliance

2.

Compliance with the Law and Policing by Consent: Notes on Police and Legal Legitimacy

LEGITIMACY AND COMPLIANCE IN CRIMINAL JUSTICE, A. Crawford, A. Hucklesby, eds., Routledge, pp. 29-49, 2010
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 01 Dec 2010 Last Revised: 13 Mar 2013
London School of Economics & Political Science - Department of Methodology, University of Oxford - Centre for Criminology, University of London - Institute for Criminal Policy Research and University of Edinburgh
Downloads 490 (32,820)
Citation 2

Abstract:

Compliance, Procedural Justice, Trust in the Police, Police Legitimacy, Legal Legitimacy and Cynicism

3.

Trust and Confidence in Criminal Justice: A Review of the British Research Literature

Bradford, B., Jackson, J., Hough, M. and Farrall, S. (2009). ‘Trust and confidence in criminal justice: A review of the British research literature’, in Jokinen, A., Ruuskanen, E., Yordanova, M., Markov, D. , Ilcheva, M. (eds.), Review of Need: Indicators of Public Confidence in Criminal Justice ,
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 19 Nov 2008 Last Revised: 11 Mar 2013
University of Oxford - Centre for Criminology, London School of Economics & Political Science - Department of Methodology, South Bank University and University of Sheffield
Downloads 435 (43,612)
Citation 1

Abstract:

criminal justice, police, courts, trust, confidence, legitimacy, public opinion

4.

Trust and Confidence in the Police: A Conceptual Review

Number of pages: 15 Posted: 30 Sep 2010
Ben Bradford and Jonathan Jackson
University of Oxford - Centre for Criminology and London School of Economics & Political Science - Department of Methodology
Downloads 394 (37,394)
Citation 2

Abstract:

5.

Cooperating with the Police as an Act of Social Control: Trust and Neighbourhood Concerns as Predictors of Public Assistance

Number of pages: 17 Posted: 17 Jul 2010 Last Revised: 20 May 2016
Ben Bradford and Jonathan Jackson
University of Oxford - Centre for Criminology and London School of Economics & Political Science - Department of Methodology
Downloads 382 (46,087)
Citation 2

Abstract:

trust and confidence in the police, informal social control, legitimacy

6.

Police Legitimacy in Action: Lessons for Theory and Practice

(Forthcoming, 2013) Bradford, B., Jackson, J. and Hough, M., ‘Police Legitimacy in Action: Lessons from Theory and Practice’, in Reisig, M. & Kane, R. (eds.) The Oxford Handbook of Police and Policing. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ,
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 21 Mar 2013
Ben Bradford, Jonathan Jackson and Mike Hough
University of Oxford - Centre for Criminology, London School of Economics & Political Science - Department of Methodology and University of London - Institute for Criminal Policy Research
Downloads 368 (33,690)
Citation 3

Abstract:

policing, legitimacy, procedural justice, policy design

7.

Different Things to Different People? The Meaning and Measurement of Trust and Confidence in Policing Across Diverse Social Groups in London

This an extended, pre-publication version of: Jackson, J. and Bradford, B. (2010). ‘What is Trust and Confidence in the Police?’, Policing: A Journal of Policy and Practice, 4, 3, 241-248,
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 24 Jun 2010 Last Revised: 15 Mar 2013
Ben Bradford and Jonathan Jackson
University of Oxford - Centre for Criminology and London School of Economics & Political Science - Department of Methodology
Downloads 336 (51,309)

Abstract:

neighborhood disorder, fear of crime, collective efficacy, social trust

8.

Police Legitimacy: A Conceptual Review

Number of pages: 9 Posted: 30 Sep 2010
Jonathan Jackson and Ben Bradford
London School of Economics & Political Science - Department of Methodology and University of Oxford - Centre for Criminology
Downloads 330 (47,561)
Citation 1

Abstract:

Institutional legitimacy, police, procedural justice, crime-control policy

9.

Legitimacy, Trust and Compliance: An Empirical Test of Procedural Justice Theory Using the European Social Survey

Hough, M., Jackson, J. and Bradford, B. ‘Legitimacy, Trust and Compliance: An Empirical Test of Procedural Justice Theory Using the European Social Survey’, in Tankebe, J. and Liebling, A. (eds.) Legitimacy and Criminal Justice: An International Exploration, Oxford: Oxford University Press.,
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 17 Mar 2013 Last Revised: 09 May 2013
Mike Hough, Jonathan Jackson and Ben Bradford
University of London - Institute for Criminal Policy Research, London School of Economics & Political Science - Department of Methodology and University of Oxford - Centre for Criminology
Downloads 329 (27,392)
Citation 4

Abstract:

Public confidence, trust, legitimacy, cooperation, compliance, contact with the police

10.

Public Insecurities About Crime: A Review of the British Research Literature

Jackson, J., Farrall, S., Hough, M. and Bradford, B. (2009). ‘Public insecurities about crime: A review of the British research literature’, in Jokinen, A., Ruuskanen, E., Yordanova, M., Markov, D. and Ilcheva, M. (eds.), Review of Need: Indicators of Public Confidence in Criminal Justice for Policy,
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 19 Nov 2008 Last Revised: 11 Mar 2013
London School of Economics & Political Science - Department of Methodology, University of Sheffield, South Bank University and University of Oxford - Centre for Criminology
Downloads 308 (68,994)

Abstract:

fear of crime, survey measurement, vulnerability, risk perception, social perception, disorder

11.

Trust in Justice: Notes on the Development of European Social Indicators

This is an extended, pre-publication version of a paper entitled ‘Developing European Indicators of Trust in Justice’, which will be published in 2011 in the European Journal of Criminology,
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 30 Nov 2010 Last Revised: 17 Apr 2011
London School of Economics & Political Science - Department of Methodology, University of Oxford - Centre for Criminology, University of London - Institute for Criminal Policy Research, London School of Economics and Political Science, London School of Economics & Political Science (LSE), City University London, City University London, Center for the Study of Democracy and Center for the Study of Democracy
Downloads 271 (78,947)

Abstract:

social indicators, trust in the police, social measurement, police legitimacy, compliance, measurement invariance

12.

Public Trust in Criminal Justice: A Review of the Research Literature in the United States

Bradford, B. and Jackson, J. (2009). ‘Public Trust in Criminal Justice: A Review of the Research Literature in the United States’, in Jokinen, A., Ruuskanen, E., Yordanova, M., Markov, D. and Ilcheva, M. (eds.), Review of Need: Indicators of Public Confidence in Criminal Justice for Policy Assessmen,
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 29 Mar 2009 Last Revised: 11 Mar 2013
Ben Bradford and Jonathan Jackson
University of Oxford - Centre for Criminology and London School of Economics & Political Science - Department of Methodology
Downloads 268 (83,464)

Abstract:

trust, police, legitimacy, confidence, justice

13.

Psychology of Procedural Justice and Cooperation

ENCYCLOPEDIA OF CRIMINOLOGY AND CRIMINAL JUSTICE, edited by G. Bruinsma and D. Weisburd, Springer-Verlag, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 09 Aug 2011 Last Revised: 19 Feb 2013
Tom Tyler, Jonathan Jackson and Ben Bradford
Yale University - Law School, London School of Economics & Political Science - Department of Methodology and University of Oxford - Centre for Criminology
Downloads 259 (70,669)
Citation 1

Abstract:

cooperation, procedural justice, trust in the police, police legitimacy, normative commitment, social capital

14.

Monopolizing Force? Police Legitimacy and Public Attitudes toward the Acceptability of Violence

Psychology, Public Policy and Law, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 14 Jan 2012 Last Revised: 10 May 2013
London School of Economics & Political Science - Department of Methodology, University of Chicago - Law School, University of Oxford - Centre for Criminology and Yale University - Law School
Downloads 253 (91,765)
Citation 2

Abstract:

Attitudes towards violence, public trust, procedural justice, institutional legitimacy

15.

Policing and Social Identity: Procedural Justice, Inclusion, and Cooperation between Police and Public

Oxford Legal Studies Research Paper No. 06/2012
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 30 Jan 2012
Ben Bradford
University of Oxford - Centre for Criminology
Downloads 223 (79,251)
Citation 3

Abstract:

Policing, procedural justice, social identity, cooperation

16.

On the Justification and Recognition of Police Power: Broadening the Concept of Police Legitimacy

Yale Law School, Public Law Working Paper No. 251, Oxford Legal Studies Research Paper No. 32/2012
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 14 Jun 2012 Last Revised: 09 Aug 2012
London School of Economics & Political Science - Department of Methodology, University of Oxford - Centre for Criminology, University of London - Institute for Criminal Policy Research, College of Policing, National Policing Improvement Agency and Yale University - Law School
Downloads 221 (100,353)

Abstract:

public confidence, trust, legitimacy, cooperation, contact with the police

17.

The Governance of Criminal Justice, Legitimacy and Trust

Hough, M., Jackson, J. and Bradford, B., ‘The Governance of Criminal Justice, Legitimacy and Trust’, in Body-Gendrot, S., Lévy, R., Hough, M. Snacken, S. and Kerezsi, K. The Routledge Handbook of European Criminology, Oxon: Routledge, 2013,
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 06 Sep 2012 Last Revised: 16 Oct 2012
Mike Hough, Jonathan Jackson and Ben Bradford
University of London - Institute for Criminal Policy Research, London School of Economics & Political Science - Department of Methodology and University of Oxford - Centre for Criminology
Downloads 218 (73,133)
Citation 6

Abstract:

cooperation, procedural justice, trust in the police, police legitimacy, normative commitment, social capital

18.

The Quality of Police Contact: Procedural Justice Concerns Among Victims of Crime in London

Number of pages: 19 Posted: 27 Apr 2010 Last Revised: 28 Apr 2010
Ben Bradford
University of Oxford - Centre for Criminology
Downloads 204 (102,952)
Citation 4

Abstract:

Procedural Justice, Legitimacy, Contact with Police

19.

Police Futures and Legitimacy: Redefining 'Good Policing'

Bradford, B., Jackson, J. and Hough, M., ‘Police Futures and Legitimacy: Redefining “Good Policing”’, in Brown, J. (ed.) Future of Policing, Oxon: Routledge, Forthcoming,
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 05 Nov 2012 Last Revised: 11 Mar 2013
Ben Bradford, Jonathan Jackson and Mike Hough
University of Oxford - Centre for Criminology, London School of Economics & Political Science - Department of Methodology and University of London - Institute for Criminal Policy Research
Downloads 202 (70,160)

Abstract:

policing, legitimacy, procedural justice, policy design

20.

Policing by Consent: Understanding the Dynamics of Police Power and Legitimacy

European Social Survey (2012). ‘Policing by consent: Understanding the dynamics of police power and legitimacy’, ESS Country Specific Topline Results Series Issue 1 (UK). By Jackson, J., Hough, M., Bradford, B., Hohl, K. and Kuha, J. ,
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 01 Nov 2012 Last Revised: 11 Mar 2013
London School of Economics & Political Science - Department of Methodology, University of London - Institute for Criminal Policy Research, University of Oxford - Centre for Criminology, City University London and London School of Economics and Political Science
Downloads 197 (91,765)
Citation 2

Abstract:

compliance, cooperation, legitimacy, policing, procedural justice, trust

21.

Just Authority? Trust in the Police in England and Wales

Pre-publication first chapter from 'Just Authority? Trust in the Police in England and Wales', to be published by Routledge in Summer 2012
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 05 Apr 2012
London School of Economics & Political Science - Department of Methodology, University of Oxford - Centre for Criminology, Independent and City University London
Downloads 174 (126,615)
Citation 8

Abstract:

trust, legitimacy, police, policing, contact

22.

Trust and Legitimacy Across Europe: A FIDUCIA Report on Comparative Public Attitudes Towards Legal Authority

Number of pages: 20 Posted: 02 Jun 2013 Last Revised: 22 Sep 2014
London School of Economics & Political Science - Department of Methodology, London School of Economics and Political Science, University of London - Institute for Criminal Policy Research, University of Oxford - Centre for Criminology, City University London and London School of Economics & Political Science - Methodology Institute
Downloads 168 (103,383)

Abstract:

Public confidence, trust, legitimacy, compliance, policing, criminal courts, european social survey, measurement equivalence

23.

What Price Fairness When Security is at Stake? Police Legitimacy in South Africa

Bradford, B., Huq A., Jackson, J. and Roberts, B. (2013). ‘What Price Fairness When Security is at Stake? Police Legitimacy in South Africa’, Regulation and Governance, doi: 10.1111/rego.12012,
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 20 Aug 2012 Last Revised: 11 Mar 2013
University of Oxford - Centre for Criminology, University of Chicago - Law School, London School of Economics & Political Science - Department of Methodology and Human Sciences Research Council of South Africa (HSRC)
Downloads 143 (155,238)
Citation 4

Abstract:

public confidence, trust, legitimacy, cooperation, contact with the police

24.

A Golden Thread, a Presence Amongst Uniforms, and a Good Deal of Data: Studying Public Confidence in the London Metropolitan Police

Policing & Society, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 20 Apr 2011 Last Revised: 15 May 2012
Independent, London School of Economics & Political Science - Department of Methodology, University of Oxford - Centre for Criminology and City University London
Downloads 122 (170,030)
Citation 1

Abstract:

policing, trust, confidence, legitimacy, culture, police

25.

Compliance and Legal Authority

International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences, Second Edition (2014 Forthcoming)
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 06 Mar 2014 Last Revised: 18 Aug 2014
London School of Economics & Political Science - Department of Methodology, Yale University - Law School, University of London - Institute for Criminal Policy Research, University of Oxford - Centre for Criminology and University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - Department of Psychology
Downloads 114 (157,818)

Abstract:

procedural justice, crime, compliance, legal authority, legitimacy, cooperation, deterrence

26.

Self-Legitimacy, Police Culture and Support for Democratic Policing in an English Constabulary

Oxford Legal Studies Research Paper No. 14/2014
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 09 Mar 2014
Ben Bradford and Paul Quinton
University of Oxford - Centre for Criminology and College of Policing
Downloads 98 (161,493)

Abstract:

Police, legitimacy, identity, police occupational culture

27.

Corruption and Police Legitimacy in Lahore, Pakistan

Number of pages: 22 Posted: 08 Apr 2014
London School of Economics & Political Science - Department of Methodology, University of the Punjab, University of Oxford - Centre for Criminology and University of the Punjab (PU)
Downloads 97 (151,115)

Abstract:

policing, trust, legitimacy, corruption, procedural justice, Pakistan

28.

Legitimacy and the Social Field of Policing

Number of pages: 25 Posted: 22 Aug 2011 Last Revised: 04 Sep 2012
Ben Bradford and Jonathan Jackson
University of Oxford - Centre for Criminology and London School of Economics & Political Science - Department of Methodology
Downloads 92 (205,817)

Abstract:

29.

Obeying the Rules of the Road: Procedural Justice, Social Identity and Normative Compliance

Oxford Legal Studies Research Paper No. 87/2014
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 26 Nov 2014
University of Oxford - Centre for Criminology, City University London, London School of Economics & Political Science - Department of Methodology and University of Edinburgh - School of Law
Downloads 84 (196,683)

Abstract:

Procedural Justice; compliance; policing; traffic laws

30.

Officers as Mirrors: Policing, Procedural Justice and the (Re)Production of Social Identity

Oxford Legal Studies Research Paper No. 86/2013
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 10 Oct 2013
Ben Bradford, Kristina Murphy and Jonathan Jackson
University of Oxford - Centre for Criminology, Griffith University and London School of Economics & Political Science - Department of Methodology
Downloads 79 (194,258)

Abstract:

Police; procedural justice; legitimacy; social identity.

31.

Police, Crime and Order: The Case of Stop and Search

Ben Bradford, Beatrice Jauregui, Ian Loader and Jonny Steinberg (eds.) The SAGE Handbook of Global Policing. London: SAGE, summer 2016, Oxford Legal Studies Research Paper No. 44/2015
Number of pages: 46 Posted: 04 Aug 2015
Ben Bradford and Ian Loader
University of Oxford - Centre for Criminology and University of Oxford - Faculty of Law
Downloads 76 (69,704)

Abstract:

crime, police, marginality, order, stop and search

32.

Trust in Justice: Topline Results from the Round 5 of the European Social Survey

European Social Survey (2011). "Trust in Justice: Topline findings from the European Social Survey", ESS Topline Results Series Issue 1. By Jackson, J., Hough, M., Bradford, B., Pooler, T. M., Hohl, K. and Kuha, J.
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 14 Mar 2013
London School of Economics & Political Science - Department of Methodology, University of London - Institute for Criminal Policy Research, University of Oxford - Centre for Criminology, London School of Economics & Political Science (LSE), City University London and London School of Economics and Political Science
Downloads 35 (264,106)
Citation 1

Abstract:

compliance, cooperation, legitimacy, policing, procedural justice, trust

33.

Motivating Compliance Behavior Among Offenders: Procedural Justice or Deterrence?

Criminal Justice and Behavior, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 30 Aug 2015 Last Revised: 31 Aug 2015
Kristina Murphy, Ben Bradford and Jonathan Jackson
Griffith University, University of Oxford - Centre for Criminology and London School of Economics & Political Science - Department of Methodology
Downloads 29 (300,252)

Abstract:

compliance, legitimacy, procedural justice, deterrence, policing, tax

34.

Truly Free Consent? Clarifying the Nature of Police Legitimacy

Number of pages: 27 Posted: 20 Jun 2015 Last Revised: 04 Sep 2016
London School of Economics & Political Science - Department of Methodology, University of Oxford - Centre for Criminology, University of Edinburgh - School of Law and University of London - Institute for Criminal Policy Research
Downloads 18 (248,527)

Abstract:

legitimacy, trust, procedural justice, policing

35.

Extending Procedural Justice Theory: A Fiducia Report on the Design of New Survey Indicators

Number of pages: 65 Posted: 03 Jun 2015
London School of Economics & Political Science - Department of Methodology, University of Oxford - Centre for Criminology, University of London - Institute for Criminal Policy Research and Independent
Downloads 15 (425,888)

Abstract:

legitimacy, procedural justice, cross-national research, policing

36.

Trust in Justice 'Abroad' and the Role of Legitimacy in 'New-Crimes'

Number of pages: 26 Posted: 05 Jun 2015
Jonathan Jackson, Ben Bradford and Mike Hough
London School of Economics & Political Science - Department of Methodology, University of Oxford - Centre for Criminology and University of London - Institute for Criminal Policy Research
Downloads 11 (446,660)

Abstract:

legitimacy, procedural justice, cross-national research, policing

37.

Police Legitimacy Among Immigrants in Europe

Number of pages: 31 Posted: 26 May 2017
Ben Bradford and Jonathan Jackson
University of Oxford - Centre for Criminology and London School of Economics & Political Science - Department of Methodology
Downloads 0 (467,187)

Abstract:

Police legitimacy, Immigration, European Social Survey

38.

Dispute Resolution Outside of Courts: Procedural Justice and Decision Acceptance Among Users of Ombuds Services in the UK

Law & Society Review, Vol 50, Issue 4, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 50 Posted: 08 Jul 2016
Naomi J. Creutzfeldt and Ben Bradford
University of Westminster and University of Oxford - Centre for Criminology
Downloads 0 (381,015)

Abstract:

procedural justice, ombudsmen, ADR

39.

Trust in Justice

Article submitted to Uslaner, E. (ed.) The Oxford Handbook of Social and Political Trust, Oxford Legal Studies Research Paper No. 43/2016
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 19 Jun 2016
Ben Bradford, Jonathan Jackson and Mike Hough
University of Oxford - Centre for Criminology, London School of Economics & Political Science - Department of Methodology and University of London - Institute for Criminal Policy Research
Downloads 0 (217,200)
Citation 11

Abstract:

Police, courts, criminal justice system, trust, legitimacy

40.

Identity, Legitimacy and ‘Making Sense’ of Police Violence

Oxford Legal Studies Research Paper No. 41/2016
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 13 Jun 2016 Last Revised: 03 Aug 2016
Ben Bradford, Jenna Milani and Jonathan Jackson
University of Oxford - Centre for Criminology, University of Oxford - Centre for Criminology and London School of Economics & Political Science - Department of Methodology
Downloads 0 (218,724)

Abstract:

police, legitimacy, social identity, use of force

41.

Policing, Procedural Justice and Prevention

Forthcoming in Sidebottom, A. and Tilley, N. (eds.) Routledge Handbook of Crime Prevention and Community Safety (second edition). Oxon: Routledge.
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 02 Jun 2016
Mike Hough, Jonathan Jackson and Ben Bradford
University of London - Institute for Criminal Policy Research, London School of Economics & Political Science - Department of Methodology and University of Oxford - Centre for Criminology
Downloads 0 (349,324)
Citation 1

Abstract:

policing, procedural justice, ethics, compliance, prevention

42.

Does Legitimacy Necessarily Tame Power? Some Ethical Issues in Translating Procedural Justice Principles into Justice Policy

LSE Legal Studies Working Paper No. 13/2016
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 24 May 2016 Last Revised: 06 Aug 2016
University of London - Institute for Criminal Policy Research, University of Oxford - Centre for Criminology, London School of Economics & Political Science - Department of Methodology and National Policing Improvement Agency
Downloads 0 (160,579)

Abstract:

Policing, Procedural Justice, Ethics, Compliance, Nudges

43.

Enabling and Constraining Police Power: On the Moral Regulation of Policing

LSE Legal Studies Working Paper 23/2015
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 17 Dec 2015 Last Revised: 20 May 2016
Ben Bradford and Jonathan Jackson
University of Oxford - Centre for Criminology and London School of Economics & Political Science - Department of Methodology
Downloads 0 (182,523)

Abstract:

44.

Sentence Reductions for a Guilty Plea in England and Wales: Exploring New Empirical Trends

Journal of Empirical Legal Studies, Vol. 12, Issue 2, pp. 187-210, 2015
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 30 Apr 2015
Julian V. Roberts and Ben Bradford
University of Ottawa - Department of Criminology and University of Oxford - Centre for Criminology
Downloads 0 (540,249)

Abstract:

45.

Going Outside the Law: The Role of the State in Forming Attitudes to Extralegal Violence

Number of pages: 52 Posted: 07 Jul 2011
University of Chicago - Law School, Yale University - Law School, London School of Economics & Political Science - Department of Methodology and University of Oxford - Centre for Criminology
Downloads 0 (436,158)

Abstract:

Violence, policing, procedural justice, terrorism

46.

Influencing Trust and Confidence in the London Metropolitan Police: Results from an Experiment Testing the Effect of Leaflet Drops on Public Opinion

The British Journal of Criminology, Vol. 50, Issue 3, pp. 491-513, 2010
Posted: 26 Apr 2010
Katrin Hohl, Ben Bradford and Elizabeth A. Stanko
City University London, University of Oxford - Centre for Criminology and Independent

Abstract:

trust and confidence, police communication, quasi-randomized experiment