Leandro Medina

George Washington University - Department of Economics

Monroe Hall, Suite 340

2115 G Street, NW

Washington, DC 20052

United States

International Monetary Fund (IMF) - Western Hemisphere Department

700 19th Street NW

Washington, DC 20431

United States

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

19

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5,965

SSRN CITATIONS
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Top 33,636

in Total Papers Citations

9

CROSSREF CITATIONS

15

Scholarly Papers (19)

1.

Shedding Light on the Shadow Economy: A Global Database and the Interaction with the Official One

CESifo Working Paper No. 7981
Number of pages: 54 Posted: 12 Dec 2019
Leandro Medina and Friedrich Schneider
George Washington University - Department of Economics and Johannes Kepler University Linz - Department of Economics
Downloads 2,705 (6,955)
Citation 32

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shadow economy, informal economy, survey, multiple indicators multiple Causes (MIMIC), comparison of different estimation methods, the light intensity approach, shadow economy results for 157 countries, interaction of the shadow economy with the official

2.

Shadow Economies Around the World: New Results for 158 Countries Over 1991-2015

CESifo Working Paper Series No. 6430
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 11 May 2017
Leandro Medina and Friedrich Schneider
George Washington University - Department of Economics and Johannes Kepler University Linz - Department of Economics
Downloads 1,112 (27,688)
Citation 9

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shadow economies of 158 countries, MIMIC estimations, the light intensity approach, tax burden, regulation, trade openness, corruption

3.

Shadow Economies Around the World: What Did We Learn Over the Last 20 Years?

IMF Working Paper No. 18/17
Number of pages: 77 Posted: 20 Feb 2018 Last Revised: 18 Nov 2021
Leandro Medina and Friedrich Schneider
George Washington University - Department of Economics and Johannes Kepler University Linz - Department of Economics
Downloads 1,011 (31,709)
Citation 3

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Shadow economy, Tax evasion, informal economy, survey, multiple indicators multiple Causes (MIMIC), comparison of different estimation methods, the light intensity approach, predictive mean matching (PMM), Other, Model Construction and Estimation, Methodology for Collecting, Estimating, and Organizing Macroeconomic Data, Structure and Scope of Government

4.

Explaining the Shadow Economy in Europe: Size, Causes and Policy Options

IMF Working Paper No. 19/278
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 22 Jan 2020
International Monetary Fund (IMF), International Monetary Fund (IMF), George Washington University - Department of Economics and International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Downloads 174 (238,962)

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Shadow economy, Labor market reforms, Labor force participation, Labor market regulations, Labor market policy, informal economy, WP, government effectiveness, percent of GDP, formal sector, informality, informal worker

5.

Current Account Balance Estimates for Emerging Market Economies

IMF Working Paper No. 10/43
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 02 Mar 2010
Leandro Medina, Jordi Prat and Alun H. Thomas
George Washington University - Department of Economics, affiliation not provided to SSRN and International Monetary Fund (IMF) - European Department
Downloads 165 (249,836)
Citation 1

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Cross country analysis, Current account balances, Economic models, Emerging markets, Real effective exchange rates

6.

The Dynamic Effects of Commodity Prices on Fiscal Performance in Latin America

IMF Working Paper No. 10/192
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 01 Sep 2010
Leandro Medina
George Washington University - Department of Economics
Downloads 162 (253,793)

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Business cycles, Chile, Commodities, Commodity price fluctuations, Commodity prices, Cross country analysis, Exports, External shocks, Fiscal policy, Fiscal sector, Latin America, Venezuela, República Bolivariana de

Structural Breaks in Fiscal Performance: Did Fiscal Responsibility Laws Have Anything to do with Them?

IMF Working Paper No. 10/248
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 01 Feb 2011
Carlos Caceres, Ana Corbacho and Leandro Medina
International Monetary Fund (IMF), International Monetary Fund (IMF) - Fiscal Affairs Department and George Washington University - Department of Economics
Downloads 76 (432,853)

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Business cycles, Commodity price fluctuations, Cross country analysis, Developed countries, Economic models, Fiscal analysis, Fiscal policy, Latin America, Legislation

Structural Breaks in Fiscal Performance: Did Fiscal Responsibility Laws Have Anything to do with Them?

IMF Working Paper No. 10/248
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 09 Dec 2010
Carlos Caceres, Ana Corbacho and Leandro Medina
International Monetary Fund (IMF), International Monetary Fund (IMF) - Fiscal Affairs Department and George Washington University - Department of Economics
Downloads 50 (534,217)
Citation 4

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Fiscal Responsibility Laws, Fiscal Institutions, Fiscal Performance

8.

Measuring the Informal Economy in the Caucasus and Central Asia

IMF Working Paper No. 13/137
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 21 Jun 2013
Yasser Abdih and Leandro Medina
International Monetary Fund (IMF) and George Washington University - Department of Economics
Downloads 68 (454,269)

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Shadow economy, Central Asia, Tax burdens, Labor markets, Economic models, Cross country analysis, Informal economy, latent variable, Caucasus and Central Asia., labor market, employment, labor force, self employment, total employment, labor force participation, labor market regulations, labor market institutions, unemployment, rigid labor market, collective bargaining, job creation, labor regulation, employment outcomes, labor contracts, labor market rigidities, total labor force, jobs, labor market rigidity, labor organization, rigid labor markets, restrictive labor market regulations, labor markets, labor regulations

9.

Spring Forward or Fall Back? The Post-Crisis Recovery of Firms

IMF Working Paper No. 12/292
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 11 Jan 2013
Leandro Medina
George Washington University - Department of Economics
Downloads 60 (483,610)

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Corporate sector, Emerging markets, Developed countries, Exchange rate regimes, Global Financial Crisis 2008-2009, Economic recovery, Financial crisis, firm resilience, recovery, international finance, leverage, corporate performance, trade

Measures of Fiscal Risk in Hydrocarbon-Exporting Countries

IMF Working Paper No. 12/260
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 19 Dec 2012
Carlos Caceres and Leandro Medina
International Monetary Fund (IMF) and George Washington University - Department of Economics
Downloads 38 (596,365)

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Fiscal risk, Oil exporting countries, Hydrocarbons, Oil prices, Commodity price fluctuations, Fiscal policy, oil prices, stochastic simulations, oil prices, volatility, break-even prices., fiscal risk, exporting countries, fiscal policy, commodity prices, price fluctuations, fiscal risks, fiscal deficit, public finances, fiscal stance, fiscal accounts, tax rates, fiscal responsibility, fiscal positions, trade shocks, dynamic effects, fiscal stances, fiscal vulnerabilities, government spending, tax base, fiscal policy responses, public spending, fiscal outcomes, fiscal balances, level of expenditures, public debt, fiscal expenditures, fiscal revenues, fiscal position, fiscal responsibility la

Measures of Fiscal Risk in Hydrocarbon-Exporting Countries

IMF Working Paper No. 12/260
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 21 Nov 2012
Carlos Caceres and Leandro Medina
International Monetary Fund (IMF) and George Washington University - Department of Economics
Downloads 20 (725,101)

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fiscal risk, stochastic simulations, oil prices, volatility, break-even prices

11.

The Informal Economy in Sub-Saharan Africa: Size and Determinants

IMF Working Paper No. 17/156
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 09 Aug 2017
Leandro Medina, Andrew Jonelis and Mehmet Cangul
George Washington University - Department of Economics, International Monetary Fund (IMF) and International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Downloads 55 (503,352)

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Uganda, South Africa, Rwanda, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Congo, Democratic Republic of the, Congo, Republic of, Djibouti, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Gabon, Gambia, The, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Informal economy, MIMIC estimation methods, Sub-Saharan Africa

12.

Emerging Markets: Prospects and Challenges

IMF Working Paper No. 2022/035
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 30 Mar 2022
International Monetary Fund (IMF), International Monetary Fund (IMF), George Washington University - Department of Economics, International Monetary Fund, International Monetary Fund (IMF), International Monetary Fund (IMF) and International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Downloads 54 (507,480)

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Emerging markets, COVID-19, Monetary Policy, EM inflation, emerging market bond yields, EM NEER, EM policymakers' ability, monetary policy tightening, Emerging and frontier financial markets, Inflation, COVID-19, Exchange rates, Global

13.

The Chilean Output Gap

IMF Working Paper No. 11/2
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 01 Feb 2011
Leandro Medina and Nicolás E. Magud
George Washington University - Department of Economics and International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Downloads 50 (524,873)

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Chile, Economic growth, Economic models, Employment, Natural resources, Production

14.

A Commodity Curse? The Dynamic Effects of Commodity Prices on Fiscal Performance in Latin America

Number of pages: 37 Posted: 05 Apr 2010 Last Revised: 11 Apr 2010
Leandro Medina
George Washington University - Department of Economics
Downloads 41 (567,807)
Citation 2

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Commodity Prices, Fiscal Policy, Procyclicality, Macroeconomics, Revenues, Expenditures, Latin America

15.

Fiscal Stimulus Impact on Firms' Profitability During the Global Financial Crisis

IMF Working Paper No. 18/251
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 14 Jan 2019
Universidad Central - Economics Department, George Washington University - Department of Economics, International Monetary Fund (IMF) and International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Downloads 36 (594,422)

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Fiscal stimulus, Global financial crisis, 2008-2009, Profits, Fiscal policy, Business cycles, Emerging markets, Developed countries, Global Financial Crisis, Worldscope, Firm Profitabilit, Firm Profitability, Models with Panel Data, Deficit

16.

Electoral Budget Cycles: The Case of the Argentine Provinces

Number of pages: 23 Posted: 27 Mar 2010
Leandro Medina and Daniel Lema
George Washington University - Department of Economics and Universidad del CEMA
Downloads 32 (617,688)
Citation 2

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Electoral Budget Cycles, Argentina, Political Economy, Fiscal Policy

17.

Assessing Fiscal Risks in Bangladesh

IMF Working Paper No. 15/110
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 08 Jun 2015
Leandro Medina
George Washington University - Department of Economics
Downloads 26 (657,104)

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Fiscal risk, Bangladesh, External shocks, Commodity prices, Loan guarantees, Pensions, Public debt, External borrowing, Sensitivity analysis, contingent liabilities, exchange rate, fiscal risks, sovereign debt, guarantees., institutional capacity

18.

How Have IMF Priorities Evolved? A Text Mining Approach

IMF Working Paper No. 2021/159
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 04 Feb 2022
International Monetary Fund (IMF), International Monetary Fund (IMF), International Monetary Fund (IMF), George Washington University - Department of Economics and International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Downloads 17 (726,851)

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IMFC communiqué, constituency statement, IMF priority, constituency cluster, sentiment analysis technique, Climate change, Mining sector, Global financial crisis of 2008-2009, Crisis management, Global

19.

The Financial Center Leverage Cycle: Does it Spread Around the World?

NBER Working Paper No. w26793
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 09 Mar 2020 Last Revised: 18 Mar 2022
Graciela Kaminsky, Leandro Medina and Shiyi Wang
George Washington University - Department of Economics, George Washington University - Department of Economics and George Washington University - Department of Economics
Downloads 13 (762,098)

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