Soroush Saghafian

Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS)

79 John F. Kennedy Street

Cambridge, MA 02138

United States

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

36

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4,815

SSRN CITATIONS
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Top 11,986

in Total Papers Citations

112

CROSSREF CITATIONS

19

Scholarly Papers (36)

1.

Operations Research/Management Contributions to Emergency Department Patient Flow Optimization: Review and Research Prospects

IIE Transactions on Healthcare Systems Engineering, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 40 Posted: 05 Apr 2014 Last Revised: 07 Feb 2015
Soroush Saghafian, Garrett Austin and Stephen Traub
Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS), Arizona State University (ASU) and Mayo Clinic - College of Medicine and Science
Downloads 512 (103,396)
Citation 8

Abstract:

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Operations Research/Management, Emergency Department, Patient Flow, Operational Efficiency, Patient Safety

2.

Using Machine Learning to Demystify Startups Funding, Post-Money Valuation, and Success

In Babich V., Birge J.R., Hilary G. (eds). Innovative Technology at the Interface of Finance and Operations. Springer Series in Supply Chain Management, vol 11. Springer, Cham., HKS Working Paper No. RWP20-028
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 01 Sep 2020 Last Revised: 18 Jan 2022
Yu Qian Ang, Andrew Chia and Soroush Saghafian
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Harvard University and Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS)
Downloads 483 (110,959)

Abstract:

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Effective Generative AI: The Human-Algorithm Centaur

Number of pages: 14 Posted: 27 Oct 2023
Soroush Saghafian
Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS)
Downloads 247 (229,059)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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Generative AI, Human-algorithm Centaur

Effective Generative AI: The Human-Algorithm Centaur

HKS Working Paper No. RWP23-030
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 10 Oct 2023 Last Revised: 25 Dec 2023
Soroush Saghafian
Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS)
Downloads 101 (489,449)

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4.

The Value of Flexible Backup Suppliers and Disruption Risk Information: Newsvendor Analysis with Recourse

IIE Transactions
Number of pages: 52 Posted: 25 Aug 2011 Last Revised: 07 Jan 2012
Soroush Saghafian and Mark P. Van Oyen
Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS) and University of Michigan at Ann Arbor
Downloads 270 (210,618)
Citation 2

Abstract:

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Flexible Backup Supplier, Disruption Risk Information, Disruption Risk Mitigation, Backup Capacity Reservation

5.

Complexity-Augmented Triage: A Tool for Improving Patient Safety and Operational Efficiency

Manufacturing and Service Operations Management (M&SOM), Forthcoming
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 19 Aug 2011 Last Revised: 04 Apr 2014
Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS), University of Michigan, Stephen M. Ross School of Business, University of Michigan at Ann Arbor, University of Michigan Hospitals and University of Michigan Hospitals
Downloads 261 (217,918)
Citation 14

Abstract:

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Healthcare Operations Management, Emergency Department, Triage, Priority Queues, Patient Prioritization

6.

Patient Streaming as a Mechanism for Improving Responsiveness in Emergency Departments

Operations Research, 2012, 60(5), 1080-1097, Ross School of Business Paper No. 1162
Number of pages: 58 Posted: 19 Aug 2011 Last Revised: 29 May 2015
Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS), University of Michigan, Stephen M. Ross School of Business, University of Michigan at Ann Arbor, University of Michigan Hospitals and University of Michigan Hospitals
Downloads 239 (237,617)
Citation 17

Abstract:

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Health Care Operations Management, Emergency Department, Patient Flow, Patient Sequencing

7.

The Internet of Things and Information Fusion: Who Talks to Who?

HKS Working Paper 18-009, Tuck School of Business Working Paper No. 3124417
Number of pages: 69 Posted: 04 Mar 2018 Last Revised: 17 Oct 2020
Soroush Saghafian, Brian Tomlin and Stephan Biller
Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS), Tuck School of Business at Dartmouth and IBM Corporation
Downloads 214 (263,954)
Citation 5

Abstract:

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Robust Estimation, Data Fusion, Information Sharing

8.

Robust Partially Observable Markov Decision Processes

HKS Working Paper No. RWP18-027
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 19 Jun 2018
Mohammad Rasouli and Soroush Saghafian
Stanford University and Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS)
Downloads 182 (305,536)
Citation 4

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Robust Dynamic Decision-Making, Ambiguity, Imperfect State Observation, Dynamic Programming, Sufficient Statistic, Information State, Stochastic Zero-Sum Games

9.

Ambiguous Partially Observable Markov Decision Processes: Structural Results and Applications

Journal of Economic Theory, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 12 Oct 2014 Last Revised: 18 Aug 2018
Soroush Saghafian
Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS)
Downloads 181 (307,064)
Citation 7

Abstract:

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10.

Health and Economic Impacts of Lockdown Policies in the Early Stage of COVID-19 in the U.S.

HKS Working Paper No. RWP20-027
Number of pages: 59 Posted: 01 Sep 2020 Last Revised: 08 Feb 2023
Alireza Boloori and Soroush Saghafian
University of Washington, Tacoma and Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS)
Downloads 170 (324,481)

Abstract:

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COVID-19, societal intervention policies, health and economic impacts, QALY, total cost, SEIRS model, Markov chain Monte Carlo, longitudinal mixed-effect model

11.

The Newsvendor Under Demand Ambiguity: Combining Data with Moment and Tail Information

Operations Research, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 01 Feb 2014 Last Revised: 18 Oct 2015
Soroush Saghafian and Brian Tomlin
Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS) and Tuck School of Business at Dartmouth
Downloads 169 (326,077)
Citation 12

Abstract:

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12.

Can Public Reporting Cure Healthcare? The Role of Quality Transparency in Improving Patient-Provider Alignment

Operations Research, Forthcoming, HKS Working Paper No. RWP17-044
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 08 Nov 2017 Last Revised: 30 May 2019
Soroush Saghafian and Wallace J. Hopp
Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS) and University of Michigan, Stephen M. Ross School of Business
Downloads 155 (351,038)
Citation 4

Abstract:

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Public Reporting, Outcome Transparency, Patient Choice, Hospital Investments

13.

Algorithm, Human, or the Centaur: How to Enhance Clinical Care?

HKS Working Paper No. RWP22-027
Number of pages: 48 Posted: 05 Jan 2023 Last Revised: 26 Dec 2023
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Operations Research Center, Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS), Harvard College, Mayo Clinic Hospital - Phoenix - Divisions of Transplantation and Endocrinology and Mayo Clinic Hospital - Phoenix - Divisions of Transplantation and Endocrinology
Downloads 148 (364,502)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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Machine Learning, Transplantation, Health care, Hospital Readmission, Human-Algorithm Interactions

14.

Who Is an Efficient and Effective Physician? Evidence From Emergence Medicine

HKS Working Paper No. RWP18-029
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 20 Aug 2018 Last Revised: 27 Jul 2020
Soroush Saghafian, Raha Imanirad and Stephen Traub
Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS), Harvard University - Technology & Operations Management Unit and Mayo Clinic - College of Medicine and Science
Downloads 144 (372,656)

Abstract:

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Data Envelopment Analysis, Physician Performance Evaluation, Peer Effects

15.

The Impact of Operational Decisions on the Design of Salesforce Incentives

Naval Research Logistics
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 25 Aug 2011 Last Revised: 28 Mar 2014
Soroush Saghafian and Xiuli Chao
Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS) and University of Michigan at Ann Arbor - Department of Industrial and Operations Engineering
Downloads 123 (420,870)
Citation 3

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Dynamic Incentive Design, Principal-Agent, Moral Hazard, Adverse Selection, Inventory Control

16.

Do Independent and Parallel Processing Physicians Influence Each Other's Performance? Evidence from the Emergency Department

HKS Working Paper No. RWP19-026, May 2019
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 06 Jun 2019 Last Revised: 08 Feb 2023
Soroush Saghafian, Raha Imanirad and Stephen Traub
Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS), Harvard University - Technology & Operations Management Unit and Mayo Clinic - College of Medicine and Science
Downloads 122 (423,483)
Citation 3

Abstract:

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17.

Compensating for Dynamic Supply Disruptions: Backup Flexibility Design

Operations Research, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 25 Nov 2012 Last Revised: 16 Dec 2015
Soroush Saghafian and Mark P. Van Oyen
Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS) and University of Michigan at Ann Arbor
Downloads 118 (434,241)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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Backup Capacity, Flexibility, Dynamic Disruption Risk, Inventory shortfall Process

18.

Data-Driven Percentile Optimization for Multi-Class Queueing Systems with Model Ambiguity: Theory and Application

INFORMS Journal on Optimization, Forthcoming, HKS Working Paper No. 18-008
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 30 Nov 2015 Last Revised: 08 Jun 2019
Austin Bren and Soroush Saghafian
Arizona State University (ASU) - Ira A. Fulton School of Engineering and Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS)
Downloads 116 (439,760)
Citation 6

Abstract:

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Robustness, Model Ambiguity, Multi-Class Queueing Systems, Percentile Optimization, ED Operations

19.

The Role of Quality Transparency in Healthcare: Challenges and Potential Solutions

National Academy of Medicine, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 4 Posted: 24 Oct 2019
Soroush Saghafian and Wallace J. Hopp
Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS) and University of Michigan, Stephen M. Ross School of Business
Downloads 109 (460,572)

Abstract:

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Quality Transparency; Healthcare Sector; Policymaking

20.

Vertical Patient Streaming in Emergency Departments

HKS Working Paper No. RWP23-014
Number of pages: 57 Posted: 02 Jun 2023 Last Revised: 13 Jun 2023
Arshya Feizi, Agni Orfanoudaki, Soroush Saghafian and Nicole Hudgson
Boston University, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Operations Research Center, Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS) and Mayo Clinic
Downloads 108 (463,555)

Abstract:

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Emergency Department; Machine Learning; Operational Efficiency; Vertical Processing; Patient Flow

21.

Dynamic Assignment of Patients to Primary and Secondary Inpatient Units: Is Patience a Virtue?

HKS Working Paper No. RWP17-010
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 08 Sep 2022
Soroush Saghafian, Derya Kilinc and Stephen Traub
Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS), Arizona State University (ASU) and Mayo Clinic - College of Medicine and Science
Downloads 91 (520,123)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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ffective and efficient care delivery, ED boarding, inpatient flow management, patient safety, healthcare operations

22.

Data-Driven Management of Post-Transplant Medications: An Ambiguous Partially Observable Markov Decision Process Approach

Manufacturing and Service Operations Management, Forthcoming, HKS Working Paper No. RWP17-036
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 27 Jul 2017 Last Revised: 30 May 2019
University of Washington, Tacoma, Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS), Mayo Clinic Hospital - Phoenix - Divisions of Transplantation and Endocrinology and Mayo Clinic Hospital - Phoenix - Divisions of Transplantation and Endocrinology
Downloads 90 (523,816)
Citation 7

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Ambiguous POMDP; Cloud of Models; Conservatism Level; Kidney Transplant; Immunosuppressive Drug; Diabetes Medication

23.

COVID-19: What Intervention Policies Are Most Effective? A Brief Report Using Data from Government of Bahrain

HKS Working Paper No. RWP20-011
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 13 Jun 2020
Alireza Boloori and Soroush Saghafian
University of Washington, Tacoma and Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS)
Downloads 75 (584,033)

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24.

Who Should See the Patient? On Deviations from Preferred Patient-Provider Assignments in Hospitals

Health Care Management Science volume 26, pages165–199 (2023)
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 27 Jul 2022 Last Revised: 11 Jun 2023
Mariam Atkinson and Soroush Saghafian
Harvard University, TH Chan School of Public Health and Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS)
Downloads 72 (597,302)
Citation 2

Abstract:

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Hospital Operations, Task Assignment, Routines, Patient-Provider Assignment, Division of Labor

Understanding the Opioid Epidemic: Human-Based Versus Algorithmic-Based Perceptions, Treatments, and Guidelines

Number of pages: 33 Posted: 19 Dec 2022
Alireza Boloori, Soroush Saghafian and Stephen Traub
University of Washington, Tacoma, Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS) and Mayo Clinic - College of Medicine and Science
Downloads 34 (850,591)

Abstract:

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Understanding the Opioid Epidemic: Human-Based Versus Algorithmic-Based Perceptions, Treatments, and Guidelines

HKS Working Paper No. RWP22-026
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 27 Dec 2022
Alireza Boloori, Soroush Saghafian and Stephen Traub
University of Washington, Tacoma, Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS) and Mayo Clinic - College of Medicine and Science
Downloads 34 (850,591)

Abstract:

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26.

Workload Management in Telemedical Physician Triage and Other Knowledge-Based Service Systems

Management Science
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 14 Mar 2014 Last Revised: 29 Aug 2017
Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS), University of Michigan, Stephen M. Ross School of Business, Northwestern University - Department of Industrial Engineering and Management Sciences, Northwestern University and Northwestern University - Kellogg School of Management
Downloads 65 (630,505)
Citation 9

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Decision Flow Network; Knowledge-Based Decision Making; Telemedical Triage; POMDP

27.

A cµ Rule for Two-Tiered Parallel Servers

IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 6 Posted: 09 Jan 2015 Last Revised: 26 Sep 2015
Soroush Saghafian and Michael Veatch
Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS) and Gordon College
Downloads 61 (651,141)

Abstract:

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parallel servers, queueing control, greedy policies

28.

Ambiguous Dynamic Treatment Regimes: A Reinforcement Learning Approach

Management Science (Forthcoming)
Number of pages: 56 Posted: 10 Dec 2021 Last Revised: 06 Jun 2023
Soroush Saghafian
Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS)
Downloads 60 (656,512)

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Observational Data; Dynamic Treatment Regimes; Unobserved Confounders; APOMDPs, Reinforcement Learning

29.

Employee Health Plans Powered by Analytics

Management and Business Review, Vol. 1, No. 3, Fall 2021
Number of pages: 8 Posted: 21 Mar 2022
Wallace J. Hopp, Jun Li, Soroush Saghafian and Guihua Wang
University of Michigan, Stephen M. Ross School of Business, University of Michigan, Stephen M. Ross School of Business, Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS) and University of Texas at Dallas - Naveen Jindal School of Management
Downloads 33 (835,531)

Abstract:

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COE, cost-efficient health care, employee health plans

30.

The Impact of Vertical Integration on Physician Behavior and Healthcare Delivery: Evidence from Gastroenterology Practices

NBER Working Paper No. w30928
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 13 Feb 2023 Last Revised: 05 Jul 2023
Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS), University College London, Harvard Medical School; Harvard Kennedy School (HKS), Harvard Medical School and Harvard University - Massachusetts General Hospital
Downloads 13 (1,025,879)
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31.

Drivers, Adaptations, and Public Impacts of Hospital Closures: Implications for Policy

Number of pages: 6 Posted: 26 Jan 2024
Soroush Saghafian
Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS)
Downloads 11 (1,045,464)

Abstract:

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Closures, policy, Funding, Care Delivery

32.

Variation in Batch Ordering of Imaging Tests in the Emergency Department and the Impact on Care Delivery

Number of pages: 18 Posted: 16 May 2024
Harvard University, Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS), Harvard Business School and Mayo Clinic
Downloads 4 (1,106,549)

Abstract:

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ED Operations, Batching; Testing

33.

To Batch or Not to Batch: Test-Ordering Variability in the Emergency Department and the Impact on Care Delivery

HKS Working Paper No. RWP23-032
Posted: 28 Nov 2023
Harvard University, Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS), Harvard Business School and Mayo Clinic

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34.

Joint Patient Selection and Scheduling under No-Shows: Theory and Application in Proton Therapy

HKS Working Paper No. RWP19-019, Production and Operations Management 32.2 (February 2023): 547-563. https://doi.org/10.1111/poms.13886
Posted: 06 Jun 2019 Last Revised: 08 Feb 2023
Soroush Saghafian, Nikolaos Trichakis, Ruihao Zhu and Helen Shih
Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS), Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cornell University and Harvard University - Massachusetts General Hospital

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appointment scheduling, non-monotone submodular maximization, no-shows, index rules

35.

The Spillover Effects of Hospital Closures on the Efficiency and Quality of Other Hospitals

HKS Working Paper No. RWP19-006
Posted: 06 Feb 2019 Last Revised: 08 Feb 2023
Lina Song and Soroush Saghafian
University College London School of Management and Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS)

Abstract:

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Hospital Closures, Healthcare Operations Management, Healthcare Quality, Hospital Efficiency

36.

Dynamic Control of Unreliable Flexible Servers: The 'W' Network and Beyond

IIE Transitions 2011, University of Alberta School of Business Research Paper No. 2013-1051
Posted: 02 Jul 2013
Soroush Saghafian, Bora Kolfal and Mark P. Van Oyen
Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS), University of Alberta - Department of Accounting, Operations & Information Systems and University of Michigan at Ann Arbor

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