Brian Bix

University of Minnesota Law School

Frederick W. Thomas Professor of Law and Philosophy

229 19th Avenue South

Minneapolis, MN 55455

United States

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

59

DOWNLOADS
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in Total Papers Downloads

41,017

CITATIONS
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Top 6,347

in Total Papers Citations

78

Scholarly Papers (59)

1.

Natural Law Theory: The Modern Tradition

OXFORD HANDBOOK OF JURISPRUDENCE AND PHILOSOPHY OF LAW, Jules L. Coleman & Scott Shapiro, eds., Oxford University Press, 2002
Number of pages: 43 Posted: 12 Dec 1999
Brian Bix
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 5,358 (776)
Citation 7

Abstract:

2.

Contract Law Theory

Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 06-12
Number of pages: 51 Posted: 23 Mar 2006
Brian Bix
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 3,204 (2,031)
Citation 4

Abstract:

Contract Law, Philosophical Foundations of the Common Law, Jurisprudence, Law and Economics

3.

Legal Positivism

BLACKWELL GUIDE TO THE PHILOSOPHY OF LAW AND LEGAL THEORY, Martin P. Golding & William A. Edmundson, eds., Blackwell, 2005
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 24 Jan 2003
Brian Bix
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 2,504 (3,277)
Citation 5

Abstract:

4.

Robert Alexy's Radbruch Formula, and the Nature of Legal Theory

Rechtstheorie, Vol. 37, pp. 139-149, 2006, Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper 06-13
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 23 Mar 2006
Brian Bix
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 1,936 (4,808)
Citation 3

Abstract:

Robert Alexy, Gustav Radbruch, legal positivism, natural law theory, nature of law, conceptual theories, unjust laws

5.

Joseph Raz and Conceptual Analysis

American Philosophical Association Newsletter on Philosophy and Law, Vol. 6, No. 2, Spring 2007, Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 06-65
Number of pages: 7 Posted: 05 Dec 2006 Last Revised: 25 Jan 2009
Brian Bix
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 1,703 (6,169)
Citation 3

Abstract:

conceptual analysis, jurisprudence, legal philosophy, Joseph Raz, naturalism

6.

On the Dividing Line between Natural Law Theory and Legal Positivism

Notre Dame Law Review, Vol. 75, No. 5, Aug. 2000
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 01 Feb 2001
Brian Bix
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 1,562 (7,339)
Citation 4

Abstract:

7.

Consent in Contract Law

THE ETHICS OF CONSENT: THEORY AND PRACTICE, Alan Wertheimer, Franklin G. Miller, eds., Oxford University Press, 2010, Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 08-36
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 03 Jun 2008 Last Revised: 31 Oct 2011
Brian Bix
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 1,497 (6,855)
Citation 1

Abstract:

contract, consent

8.

Law as an Autonomous Discipline

Minnesota Public Law Research Paper No. 02-8, THE OXFORD HANDBOOK OF LEGAL STUDIES, Peter Cane & Mark Tushnet, eds., pp. 975-987, Oxford University Press, 2003
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 10 Sep 2007
Brian Bix
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 1,253 (10,284)
Citation 2

Abstract:

autonomy of law, formalism, legal realism, CLS

9.

Diverging Perspectives on Electronic Contracting in the U.S. And the E.U.

Cleveland State Law Review, Vol. 54, pp. 175-190, 2006, Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 06-15
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 30 Mar 2006 Last Revised: 15 May 2014
Brian Bix and Jane K. Winn
University of Minnesota Law School and University of Washington - School of Law
Downloads 1,044 (13,030)
Citation 4

Abstract:

contract law, european union law, rolling contracts, unfair contract terms directive, distance selling directive, shrink wrap, browse wrap, UCITA

10.

H.L.A. Hart and the Hermeneutic Turn in Legal Theory

Southern Methodist University Law Review, Vol. 52, pp. 167-199, 1999
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 17 Jun 1999
Brian Bix
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 953 (15,120)
Citation 3

Abstract:

11.

On Philosophy in American Law: Analytical Legal Philosophy

ON PHILOSOPHY IN AMERICAN LAW, Francis J. Mootz, III, ed., Cambridge University Press, 2009, Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 08-05
Number of pages: 6 Posted: 26 Jan 2008 Last Revised: 18 Feb 2008
Brian Bix
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 945 (15,829)

Abstract:

analytical legal philosophy, legal theory, legal positivism

12.

John Austin and Constructing Theories of Law

Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 10-07
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 12 Jan 2010 Last Revised: 30 Oct 2010
Brian Bix
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 866 (17,277)

Abstract:

John Austin, Jurisprudence, Theory Construction, Joseph Raz, Hans Kelsen

13.

Legal Philosophy in America

THE OXFORD HANDBOOK OF AMERICAN PHILOSOPHY, Cheryl Misak, ed., Forthcoming, Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 08-14
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 21 Feb 2008 Last Revised: 17 Apr 2008
Brian Bix
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 864 (19,050)

Abstract:

jurisprudence, legal realism, law and economics, Ronald Dworkin, Lon Fuller, feminist legal theory, critical race theory, critical legal studies, legal process

14.

Law and Language: How Words Mislead Us

Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 09-22
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 13 Apr 2009 Last Revised: 26 Jun 2009
Brian Bix
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 829 (19,919)

Abstract:

contract law, family law, assent, substituted judgment, same-sex marriage, alimony, American legal realism, Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr., Felix Cohen

15.

Will Versus Reason: Truth in Natural Law, Positive Law, and Legal Theory

TRUTH: STUDIES OF A ROBUST PRESENCE, Kurt Pritzl, ed., Catholic University of American Press, 2010
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 25 Jul 2008 Last Revised: 26 Oct 2011
Brian Bix
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 758 (22,555)
Citation 1

Abstract:

16.

Cautions and Caveats for the Application of Wittgenstein to Legal Theory

LAW AND SOCIAL JUSTICE, Campbell, O'Rourke & Shier, eds., MIT Press, pp. 217-229, 2005, Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 05-2
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 12 Nov 2004
Brian Bix
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 702 (26,131)

Abstract:

Contract Rights and Remedies, and the Divergence between Law and Morality

Ratio Juris, Vol. 21, No. 2, pp. 194-211, June 2008
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 22 Jun 2007 Last Revised: 03 Sep 2011
Brian Bix
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 683 (29,046)
Citation 2

Abstract:

Contract Rights and Remedies, and the Divergence between Law and Morality

Ratio Juris, Vol. 21, Issue 2, pp. 194-211, June 2008
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 15 May 2008
Brian Bix
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 3 (550,074)
Citation 2

Abstract:

18.

Ross and Olivecrona on Rights

Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 06-14, Australian Journal of Legal Philosophy, 2009
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 23 Mar 2006 Last Revised: 18 Feb 2009
Brian Bix
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 590 (34,101)
Citation 1

Abstract:

legal rights, Scandinavian legal realism, Alf Ross, Karl Olivecrona

19.

Legal Positivism and 'Explaining' Normativity and Authority

American Philosophical Association Newsletter on Philosophy and Law, Vol. 5, No. 2, Spring 2006, Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 09-05
Number of pages: 6 Posted: 23 Jan 2009 Last Revised: 29 Jan 2009
Brian Bix
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 536 (35,834)
Citation 1

Abstract:

legal positivism, analytical legal theory, natural law theory

20.

Theorizing about Law

Analisi e Diritto, Forthcoming, Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 09-52
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 29 Oct 2009
Brian Bix
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 505 (39,456)

Abstract:

Jurisprudence, legal positivism, natural law theory, hermeneutics, legal truth, historical jurisprudence

21.

Best Interests of the Child

The Chicago Companion to the Child, Forthcoming, Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 08-08
Number of pages: 7 Posted: 15 Feb 2008
Brian Bix
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 464 (43,323)

Abstract:

family law, custody, best interests

22.

Theories of Contract Law and Enforcing Promissory Morality: Comments on Charles Fried

Suffolk Law Review, Forthcoming, Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper 11-47
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 29 Nov 2011 Last Revised: 03 Dec 2011
Brian Bix
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 448 (41,932)

Abstract:

23.

Engagement With Economics: the New Hybrids of Family Law/Law & Economics Thinking

NORMS AND VALUES, Aristides Hatzis, ed., Routledge, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 18 Apr 2001
Brian Bix
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 447 (48,523)
Citation 1

Abstract:

Family law, law and economics, social norms

24.

Can Theories of Meaning and Reference Solve the Problem of Legal Determinacy?

Ratio Juris, Vol. 16, No. 3, pp. 281-295, September 2003 , Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 08-01
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 17 Jan 2008 Last Revised: 22 Jan 2008
Brian Bix
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 435 (46,274)
Citation 7

Abstract:

legal determinacy, semantic theories, Michael Moore

25.

On Description and Legal Reasoning

RULES AND REASONING, Linda Meyer, ed., Oxford: Hart Publishing, pp. 7-28, 1999
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 15 May 2000
Brian Bix
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 431 (48,790)

Abstract:

26.

Radbruch's Formula and Conceptual Analysis

American Journal of Jurisprudence, Vol. 56, pp. 45-57, 2011, Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 12-13
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 08 Mar 2012 Last Revised: 29 Mar 2012
Brian Bix
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 406 (46,656)

Abstract:

Gustav Radbruch, Radbruch's Formula, Robert Alexy, Conceptual Analysis

27.

Conceptual Jurisprudence and Socio-Legal Studies

Rutgers Law Journal, Vol. 32, 2000, Minnesota Public Law Research Paper No. 02-1
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 11 Jul 2001
Brian Bix
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 389 (51,393)
Citation 3

Abstract:

28.

Kelsen and Normativity Revisited

Carlos Bernal & Marcelo Porciuncula (eds.), Festschrift for Stanley L. Paulson (Marcial Pons, Forthcoming), Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper 13-27
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 02 Jul 2013 Last Revised: 29 Jul 2013
Brian Bix
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 380 (53,858)

Abstract:

29.

Raz on Necessity

Law and Philosophy, vol. 22, pp. 537-559 (2003)
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 05 Nov 2003 Last Revised: 26 May 2009
Brian Bix
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 379 (52,838)
Citation 8

Abstract:

30.

Choice of Law and Marriage: A Proposal

Family Law Quarterly, Vol. 36, pp. 255-271, 2002
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 20 Nov 2002 Last Revised: 20 Mar 2011
Brian Bix
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 354 (61,825)

Abstract:

31.

Contract Enforcement and the Harm Principle

Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 09-51
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 05 Nov 2009
Brian Bix
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 282 (79,718)

Abstract:

contract, promise, harm principle, consent

32.

State Interests in Marriage, Interstate Recognition, and Choice of Law

Creighton Law Review, 2005
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 17 Jan 2005
Brian Bix
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 262 (90,540)

Abstract:

Family Law, conflict of laws, constitutional law, marriage, federalism

33.

Physician Assisted Suicide and Federalism

Notre Dame Journal of Law, Ethics & Public Policy, Vol. 17, 2003
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 23 Apr 2003
Brian Bix
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 262 (75,893)

Abstract:

34.

When Law Becomes Morality: Comments on Mark Greenberg's Moral Impact Theory of Law

Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 14-27
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 09 May 2014 Last Revised: 29 May 2014
Brian Bix
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 257 (75,383)

Abstract:

35.

The ALI Principles and Agreements: Seeking a Balance Between Status and Contract

RECONCEIVING THE FAMILY: CRITICAL REFLECTIONS ON THE AMERICAN LAW INSTITUTE'S PRINCIPLES OF THE LAW OF FAMILY DISSOLUTION, Robin Fretwell Wilson, ed., Cambridge U. Pr., 2006
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 21 Oct 2004
Brian Bix
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 256 (91,668)
Citation 1

Abstract:

premarital agreements, antenuptial agreements, marital agreements, separation agreements

36.

State of the Union: The States' Interest in the Marital Status of Their Citizens

University of Miami Law Review, Vol. 55, No. 1, 2000
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 11 May 2000 Last Revised: 17 Jul 2012
Brian Bix
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 254 (96,190)
Citation 4

Abstract:

marriage, federalism, covenant marriage, same-sex marriage, DOMA

37.

Positively Positivism

Virginia Law Review, Vol. 85, pp. 889-923, August 1999
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 22 Oct 1999
Brian Bix
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 243 (94,636)

Abstract:

38.

Bargaining in the Shadow of Love: The Enforcement of Premarital Agreements and How We Think About Marriage

William & Mary Law Review, Vol. 40, pp. 145-207, October 1998
Number of pages: 64 Posted: 01 Jan 1999
Brian Bix
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 239 (83,383)
Citation 9

Abstract:

39.

Private Ordering and Family Law

Journal of the American Academy of Matrimonial Lawyers, Vol. 23, pp. 249-285, 2010, Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 10-59
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 23 Sep 2010 Last Revised: 24 Oct 2011
Brian Bix
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 237 (90,540)
Citation 1

Abstract:

family law, contracts, premarital agreements, surrogacy agreements, coparenting agreements

40.

Everything I Know About Marriage I Learned from Law Professors

San Diego Law Review, Forthcoming, Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 05-10
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 20 Jan 2005
Brian Bix
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 212 (113,661)

Abstract:

Marriage, Same-Sex Marriage, Conflict of Laws

41.
Downloads 186 (133,416)

Abstract:

42.

Pluralism and Decentralization in Marriage Regulation

Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 08-06
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 31 Jan 2008 Last Revised: 18 Feb 2008
Brian Bix
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 180 (130,724)

Abstract:

marriage, divorce, covenant marriage, premarital agreements

43.

Domestic Agreements

Hofstra Law Review, Vol. 35, pp. 1773-1771, 2007, Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 07-23
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 08 May 2007 Last Revised: 29 Jul 2008
Brian Bix
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 177 (132,692)
Citation 2

Abstract:

family law, same-sex marriage, co-parenting agreements, separation agreements, premarital agreements

44.

New Legal Realism and the Explanation of Judicial Behavior: Doctrine, Data, and High Theory

Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 14-42
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 07 Nov 2014 Last Revised: 15 Nov 2014
Brian Bix
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 167 (116,286)

Abstract:

legal realism, judicial behavior, attitudinal model, legal indeterminacy

45.

The Bogeyman of Three (or More) Parents

Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 08-22
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 02 Aug 2008 Last Revised: 05 Aug 2008
Brian Bix
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 162 (141,775)

Abstract:

parental rights, multiple parenting, family law

46.

A New Uniform Law for Premarital and Marital Agreements

46 Family Law Quarterly 313 (2012), Arizona Legal Studies Discussion Paper No. 13-02
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 04 Jan 2013
Barbara Ann Atwood and Brian Bix
University of Arizona - James E. Rogers College of Law and University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 157 (133,416)

Abstract:

Uniform Premarital and Marital Agreements Act, UPMAA, Uniform Premarital Agreements Act, premarital, marital

47.

Rights, Responsibilities, and Roles: A Comment on Waldron

Arizona State Law Journal, Forthcoming, Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 11-48
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 29 Nov 2011 Last Revised: 08 Jan 2012
Brian Bix
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 154 (140,343)

Abstract:

48.

Agreements in Family Law

Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper 12-43
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 06 Aug 2012 Last Revised: 15 Sep 2012
Brian Bix
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 127 (156,774)

Abstract:

family law, private ordering, premarital (prenuptial) agreements, marital agreements, open adoption, coparenting agreements

49.

Legal Interpretation and the Philosophy of Language

Peter M. Tiersma & Lawrence M. Solan (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Language and Law (Oxford University Press, 2012), Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 18 Aug 2015
Brian Bix
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 111 (111,177)

Abstract:

legal interpretation, philosophy of language, legal indeterminacy, H.L.A. Hart, open texture

50.

Mahr Agreements: Contracting in the Shadow of Family Law (and Religious Law) - A Comment on Oman

Wake Forest Law Review Forum, 2011, Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 11-15
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 31 Jan 2011 Last Revised: 22 Mar 2011
Brian Bix
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 81 (227,730)

Abstract:

premarital agreement, mahr, contract theory

51.

Reviews

Modern Law Review, Vol. 65, pp. 304-316, 2002
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 30 Dec 2002
University of Bristol Law School, University of Minnesota Law School, University of Hannover, University of Toronto - Faculty of Law, University of Warwick - School of Law, London School of Economics - Law Department and Brunel University London - Brunel Law School
Downloads 26 (410,709)

Abstract:

52.

Form and Formalism: The View from Legal Theory

Ratio Juris, Vol. 20, No. 1, pp. 45-55, March 2007
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 03 May 2007
Brian Bix
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 18 (451,332)
Citation 1

Abstract:

53.

The Promise and Problems of Universal, General Theories of Contract Law

Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 16-39
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 08 Nov 2016 Last Revised: 29 Nov 2016
Brian Bix
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 0 (106,449)

Abstract:

Contract Law, Legal Philosophy, Theories of Doctrinal Areas of Law

54.

Indeterminacy and Good Faith: Politics and Legitimacy

Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 16-29
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 25 Sep 2016
Brian Bix
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 0 (221,559)

Abstract:

legal reasoning, legal determinacy, attitudinal model

55.

The Role of Contract: Stewart Macaulay's Lessons from Practice

Jean Braucher, John Kidwell and William Whitford (eds.), Revisiting the Contracts Scholarship of Stewart Macaulay: On the Empirical and the Lyrical (Oxford: Hart Publishing, 2013) , Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 13-60
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 11 Jun 2016 Last Revised: 16 Aug 2016
Brian Bix
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 0 (195,284)

Abstract:

Stewart Macaulay, Law & Society, Contract Law, contextual decision-making

56.

Agreements in American Family Law

International Journal of the Jurisprudence of the Family (2014, Forthcoming), Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 14-12
Posted: 11 Jan 2014 Last Revised: 07 Feb 2014
Brian Bix
University of Minnesota Law School

Abstract:

Family Law, agreements, premarital agreements, marital agreements, open adoption, co-parenting agreements, private ordering, status

57.

Contract Law: Rules, Theory, and Context

B. Bix, Contract Law: Rules, Theory, and Context, Cambridge University Press, 2012
Posted: 23 Sep 2012
Brian Bix
University of Minnesota Law School

Abstract:

58.

Global Error and Legal Truth

Oxford Journal of Legal Studies, Vol. 29, Issue 3, pp. 535-547, 2009
Posted: 31 Aug 2009
Brian Bix
University of Minnesota Law School

Abstract:

59.

A Dictionary of Legal Theory

Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper
Posted: 07 Sep 2004 Last Revised: 26 Feb 2008
Brian Bix
University of Minnesota Law School

Abstract:

legal theory, legal philosophy, jurisprudence, law and economics

Other Papers (1)

Total Downloads: 0    Citations: 0