Frederick Schauer

University of Virginia School of Law

David and Mary Harrison Distinguished Professor of Law

580 Massie Road

Charlottesville, VA 22903

United States

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

91

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Rank 354

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50,813

SSRN CITATIONS
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SSRN RANKINGS

Top 6,925

in Total Papers Citations

72

CROSSREF CITATIONS

96

Scholarly Papers (91)

1.

Precedent

Number of pages: 25 Posted: 16 May 2011
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 4,346 (2,178)
Citation 2

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precedent, analogy, legal reasoning, legal theory

2.

The Exceptional First Amendment

KSG Working Paper No. RWP05-021
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 18 Feb 2005
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 3,471 (3,167)
Citation 12

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Human Rights, Law and Legal Institutions

Was Austin Right after All?: On the Role of Sanctions in a Theory of Law

Ratio Juris, Vol. 22, 2009
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 21 May 2009
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 2,444 (5,652)
Citation 1

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Was Austin Right after All? On the Role of Sanctions in a Theory of Law

Ratio Juris, Vol. 23, Issue 1, pp. 1-21, March 2010
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 15 Feb 2010
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 3 (711,027)
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4.

Legal Reasoning

Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2012-09
Number of pages: 49 Posted: 07 Feb 2012 Last Revised: 14 Feb 2012
Barbara A. Spellman and Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law and University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 2,119 (7,328)
Citation 3

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5.

Positivism Before Hart

Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2010-01
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 25 Nov 2009 Last Revised: 20 Jan 2010
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 1,633 (11,287)
Citation 3

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6.

A Critical Guide to Vehicles in the Park

New York University Law Review, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 12 Jun 2008
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 1,274 (16,604)
Citation 2

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jurisprudence, legal reasoning, interpretation

7.

Why Precedent in Law (and Elsewhere) is Not Totally (or Even Substantially) about Analogy

KSG Working Paper No. RWP07-036
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 27 Aug 2007 Last Revised: 27 Aug 2009
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 1,252 (17,047)
Citation 5

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precedent, analogy, legal reasoning, thinking and reasoning, cognitive psychology, Advocacy and Persuasion, Ethics/Political Philosophy, Law and Legal Institutions

8.

Freedom of Expression Adjudication in Europe and America: A Case Study in Comparative Constitutional Architecture

KSG Working Paper No. RWP05-019
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 18 Feb 2005
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 1,189 (18,426)
Citation 3

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freedom of expression, constitutional law, comparative law

9.

Balancing, Subsumption and the Constraining Role of Legal Text

Number of pages: 17 Posted: 18 May 2009
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 1,177 (18,698)
Citation 1

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10.

On the Open Texture of Law

Number of pages: 26 Posted: 13 Sep 2011
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 1,049 (22,231)

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11.

Is There a Psychology of Judging?

THE PSYCHOLOGY OF JUDICIAL DECISION MAKING, David E. Klein and Gregory Mitchell, eds., New York: Oxford University Press, 2008
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 21 Sep 2007
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 1,030 (22,846)
Citation 1

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judges, judging, psychology and law, legal reasoning, judicial reasoning, judicial decision-making

12.

Law's Limited Domain Confronts Morality's Universal Empire

San Diego Legal Studies Paper No. 07-44
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 04 May 2006
Larry Alexander and Frederick Schauer
University of San Diego School of Law and University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 963 (25,147)
Citation 8

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positivism, rules and standards, incorporation of morality

13.
Downloads 901 ( 27,683)
Citation 2

Legal Fictions Revisited

Number of pages: 28 Posted: 04 Aug 2011
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 643 (43,341)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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legal fictions, legal language, presumptions, legal rules, legal reasoning

Legal Fictions Revisited

Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2011-29
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 06 Sep 2011
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 258 (128,423)

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14.

Can Bad Science Be Good Evidence: Lie Detection, Neuroscience, and the Mistaken Conflation of Legal and Scientific Norms

Cornell Law Review, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 40 Posted: 13 Aug 2009 Last Revised: 04 Aug 2015
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 900 (27,769)

Abstract:

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15.

Rules of Recognition, Constitutional Controversies, and the Dizzying Dependence of Law on Acceptance

THE RULE OF RECOGNITION AND THE U.S. CONSTITUTION, Matthew Adler & Kenneth Himma, eds., Oxford University Press, 2009
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 19 Aug 2008
Larry Alexander and Frederick Schauer
University of San Diego School of Law and University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 895 (28,013)
Citation 2

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rule of recognition, judicial review, judicial supremacy, interpretation

16.

The Social Construction of the Concept of Law: A Reply to Julie Dickson

Oxford Journal of Legal Studies, Vol. 25, 2005
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 18 Feb 2005
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 847 (30,234)
Citation 5

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jurisprudence, conceptual analysis, philosophy of law

17.

Institutions and the Concept of Law: A Reply to Ronald Dworkin (with Some Help from Neil Maccormick)

LAW AS INSTITUTIONAL NORMATIVE ORDER: ESSAYS IN HONOUR OF SIR NEIL MACCORMICK, M. Del Mar, ed., Ashgate, 2009
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 22 May 2009
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 845 (30,338)

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18.
Downloads 819 ( 31,703)
Citation 1

On the Nature of the Nature of Law

Number of pages: 19 Posted: 11 May 2011
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 476 (63,911)

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philosophy of law, jurisprudence, concept of law, jurisprudential methodology

On the Nature of the Nature of Law

Archiv fur Rechts- und Sozialphilosophie, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 06 Sep 2011
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 343 (94,287)

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law, nature of law, concept of law, jurisprudence

19.

Law and Social Cognition

Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2012-10
Number of pages: 63 Posted: 07 Feb 2012 Last Revised: 14 Feb 2012
Barbara A. Spellman and Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law and University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 748 (35,872)

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juries, jury decision making, judicial decision making, and law and psychology

20.

Law's Boundaries

Harvard Law Review, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 18 Nov 2016
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 742 (36,259)

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21.

Authority and Authorities

Virginia Law Review, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 12 Jun 2008
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 728 (37,218)

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sources, authority, citation, jurisprudence

22.
Downloads 726 ( 37,350)

Neutrality and Judicial Review

KSG Working Paper No. RWP03-008
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 16 Jul 2003
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 726 (36,805)

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Neutrality and Judicial Review

Law and Philosophy, Vol. 22, 2003
Posted: 16 Jul 2003
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law

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23.

Necessity, Importance, and the Nature of Law

Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2010-19
Number of pages: 58 Posted: 23 Apr 2010
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 690 (40,042)
Citation 8

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24.

Legal Realism Untamed

Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2012-38
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 23 May 2012 Last Revised: 05 Aug 2012
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 686 (40,351)
Citation 2

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25.

Editor's Introduction to Karl Llewellyn's 'The Theory of Rules'

In Karl Llewellyn's THE THEORY OF RULES, Introduction by Frederick Schauer, (ed.), University of Chicago Press, 2010
Number of pages: 40 Posted: 18 May 2009
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 652 (43,180)

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26.
Downloads 642 ( 44,093)
Citation 2

Lie-Detection, Neuroscience, and the Law of Evidence

Number of pages: 42 Posted: 22 Oct 2012
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 338 (95,813)
Citation 1

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Lie-Detection, Neuroscience, and the Law of Evidence

Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2012-49
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 31 Aug 2012
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 304 (107,816)

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27.

The Boundaries of the First Amendment: A Preliminary Exploration of Constitutional Salience

KSG Working Paper Series No. RWP03-024
Number of pages: 69 Posted: 08 May 2003
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 613 (46,839)
Citation 9

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Law and Legal Institutions, Press and Public Policy

28.

Do Cases Make Bad Law?

KSG Working Paper No. RWP05-013
Number of pages: 63 Posted: 08 Aug 2005
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 581 (50,270)
Citation 7

Abstract:

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Law and Legal Institutions

29.

Is Law a Technical Language?

San Diego Law Review, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 15 Nov 2015
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 579 (50,477)
Citation 1

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30.

First Amendment Opportunism

KSG Working Paper No. 00-011
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 13 Dec 2000
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 547 (54,149)
Citation 2

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31.
Downloads 539 ( 55,224)
Citation 6

Towards an Institutional First Amendment

Minnesota Law Review, Vol. 89, 2005
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 18 Feb 2005
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 387 (81,884)

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first amendment, freedom of speech, freedom of press, constitutional law

Towards an Institutional First Amendment

KSG Working Paper No. RWP05-020
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 12 May 2005
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 152 (210,155)
Citation 6

Abstract:

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Law and Legal Institutions

32.

Is it Important to Be Important? Evaluating the Supreme Court's Case Selection Process

Yale Law Journal, Vol. 119, 2009
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 15 Oct 2009 Last Revised: 30 Nov 2017
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 537 (55,491)

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supreme court, case selection, certiorari, docket

33.

When and How (If at All) Does Law Constrain Official Action? (The Sibley Lecture)

Georgia Law Review, Vol. 45, No. 1, 2010
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 27 Oct 2009 Last Revised: 20 Jan 2010
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 503 (60,221)

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34.

On the Distinction between Speech and Action

Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2014-68
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 26 Oct 2014 Last Revised: 13 Nov 2014
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 495 (61,458)
Citation 1

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freedom of speech, freedom of expression, autonomy, liberty

35.
Downloads 461 ( 67,119)

Harm(s) and the First Amendment

The Supreme Court Review 2010
Number of pages: 43 Posted: 23 Feb 2012
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 239 (138,737)

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Harm(s) and the First Amendment

Supreme Court Review, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 29 Mar 2012 Last Revised: 05 Apr 2012
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 222 (149,231)

Abstract:

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36.

Is Defeasibility an Essential Property of Law?

LAW AND DEFEASIBILITY, J. Ferrer, C. Ratti, eds., Oxford University Press, 2010
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 22 May 2009
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 457 (67,833)
Citation 1

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37.

Paltering

KSG Working Paper No. RWP07-006
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 06 Feb 2007
Frederick Schauer and Richard J. Zeckhauser
University of Virginia School of Law and Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS)
Downloads 455 (68,194)

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Advocacy and Persuasion, Ethics/Political Philosophy, Law and Legal Institutions, Press and Public Policy, Regulation

38.
Downloads 449 ( 69,300)

The Speech-Ing of Sexual Harassment

KSG Working Paper No. 00-012
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 13 Dec 2000
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 449 (68,634)

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The Speech-Ing of Sexual Harassment

NEW DIRECTIONS IN SEXUAL HARASSMENT LAW, Catharine MacKinnon and Reva Siegel, eds., Yale University Press, 2000
Posted: 11 Jun 2001
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law

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39.

Hart's Anti-Essentialism

A. Dolcetti, L. Duarte d'Almeida & J. Edwards, Reading H.L.A. Hart's 'The Concept of Law,' Hart Publishing, 2013
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 22 Oct 2012
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 436 (71,801)

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40.

Must Virtue Be Particular?

LAW, VIRTUE & JUSTICE, A. Amaya, H. L. Ho, eds., Oxford, Hart Publishing, 2010
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 14 Jan 2011 Last Revised: 07 Feb 2011
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 422 (74,671)

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41.

The Jurisprudence of Custom

Texas International Law Journal, Vol. 48, No. 3, 2013, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 17 Nov 2012
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 411 (77,080)

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42.

In Defense of Rule-Based Evidence Law: And Rule-Based Epistemology Too

Number of pages: 21 Posted: 02 Sep 2008
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 400 (79,520)

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43.

Social Epistemology, Holocaust Denial, and the Post-Millian Calculus

REGULATING HATE SPEECH: CONTEXT, CONTENT, AND REMEDIES, Michael Herz & Peter Molnar, eds., Cambridge University Press, 2010
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 06 Dec 2009
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 388 (82,348)

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freedom of expression, John Stuart Mill, Holocaust denial, social epistemology

44.

Legal Development and the Problem of Systemic Transition

KSG Working Papers Series No. RWP03-025
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 06 Aug 2003
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 387 (82,605)
Citation 4

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International Development, Law and Legal Institutions

45.

Is Expert Evidence Really Different?

Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2013-15
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 02 Feb 2013 Last Revised: 13 May 2013
Frederick Schauer and Barbara A. Spellman
University of Virginia School of Law and University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 376 (85,483)
Citation 1

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evidence, experts, psychology and law, jury, overvaluation

46.

On Open Texture of Law

Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2011-35
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 13 Sep 2011
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 367 (87,885)

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47.

Regulation by Generalization

AEI-Brookings Joint Center Working Paper No. 05-16
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 15 Nov 2005
Frederick Schauer and Richard J. Zeckhauser
University of Virginia School of Law and Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS)
Downloads 352 (92,209)

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Business and Government Policy, Crime and Criminal Justice, Economics - Microeconomics, Environment and Natural Resources, Law and Legal Institutions, Regulation

48.

Deconstructing Law's Normativity

Number of pages: 16 Posted: 05 Dec 2017
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 334 (97,741)
Citation 1

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legal obligation, normativity, jurisprudence, obedience to law, legal reasons

49.

Stare Decisis: Rhetoric and Reality in the Supreme Court

2017 Supreme Court Review (Forthcoming)
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 22 Feb 2019
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 329 (99,419)
Citation 2

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stare decisis, precedent, supreme court

50.

On the Relationship between Chapters One and Two of John Stuart Mill’s on Liberty

Capital University Law Review, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 17 Apr 2011
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 314 (104,676)
Citation 1

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Freedom of Expression, John Stuart Mill

51.

Free Speech on Tuesdays

Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2014-10
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 28 Jan 2014 Last Revised: 08 Feb 2014
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 303 (108,813)

Abstract:

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52.

Facts and the First Amendment (the Melville Nimmer Memorial Lecture)

UCLA Law Review, Vol. 57, No. 4, 2010
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 15 Oct 2009 Last Revised: 16 Oct 2009
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 289 (114,472)

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53.

The Ubiquity of Prevention

Andrew Ashworth & Lucia Zender, eds., Prevention and the Limits of the Criminal Law: Principles and Policies (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013 Forthcoming)
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 23 Apr 2012
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 280 (118,419)

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54.

Friedrich Waismann and the Distinctive Logic of Legal Language

Number of pages: 19 Posted: 23 Mar 2017
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 271 (122,447)

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55.
Downloads 271 (122,447)

The Trouble with Cases

Virginia Law and Economics Research Paper No. 2009-09
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 12 Aug 2009 Last Revised: 28 Sep 2009
Frederick Schauer and Richard J. Zeckhauser
University of Virginia School of Law and Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS)
Downloads 192 (171,145)

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regulation, rule-making, litigation, availability

The Trouble with Cases

HKS Working Paper No. RWP09-025
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 15 Dec 2009
Frederick Schauer and Richard J. Zeckhauser
University of Virginia School of Law and Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS)
Downloads 69 (362,886)

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regulatory law, litigation, regulation

The Trouble with Cases

NBER Working Paper No. w15279
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 25 Aug 2009 Last Revised: 05 Aug 2010
Frederick Schauer and Richard J. Zeckhauser
University of Virginia School of Law and Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS)
Downloads 10 (655,317)

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56.

Second-Order Vagueness in Law

In G. Keil & R. Poscher (eds.), Vagueness in Law: Philosophical & Legal Approaches (Oxford University Press, 2016 Forthcoming)
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 07 Mar 2016
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 265 (125,407)
Citation 1

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57.

Calibrating Legal Judgments

The Journal of Legal Analysis, forthcoming
Number of pages: 49 Posted: 01 Feb 2016 Last Revised: 19 Oct 2016
Frederick Schauer and Barbara A. Spellman
University of Virginia School of Law and University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 263 (126,439)

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58.

Official Obedience and the Politics of Defining 'Law'

Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2013-11
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 20 Feb 2013 Last Revised: 13 May 2013
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 256 (130,044)
Citation 1

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obedience to law, compliance, legality, jurisprudence

59.

Bentham on Presumed Offenses

Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2010-30
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 21 Oct 2010
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 249 (133,762)

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60.

A Critical Examination of the Distinction between Interpretation and Construction

Number of pages: 33 Posted: 12 Apr 2019
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 243 (136,981)

Abstract:

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61.

Free Speech, the Search for Truth, and the Problem of Collective Knowledge

SMU Law Review, Vol. 70, pp. 231-52
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 05 Dec 2017
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 242 (137,591)

Abstract:

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62.

Analogy, Expertise, and Experience

University of Chicago Law Review, Vol. 84, No. 1, 2017
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 02 Nov 2017
Frederick Schauer and Barbara A. Spellman
University of Virginia School of Law and University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 242 (137,591)

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analogy, legal reasoning

63.

Constitutions of Hope and Fear

Yale Law Journal, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 52 Posted: 06 Nov 2014 Last Revised: 13 Nov 2014
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 242 (137,591)

Abstract:

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64.

Rights, Constitutions, and the Perils of Panglossianism

Oxford Journal of Legal Studies, Volume 38 (2018, Forthcoming)
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 28 Dec 2017
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 239 (139,257)

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rights, constitutionalism, side constraints, cognitive dissonance, cognitive consistency

The Dilemma of Ignorance: Pga Tour, Inc. V. Casey Martin

KSG Faculty Research Working Paper No. 02-004
Number of pages: 60 Posted: 05 Mar 2002
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 237 (139,900)

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Law and Legal Institutions

The Dilemma of Ignorance: Pga Tour, Inc. V. Casey Martin

Forthcoming in Supreme Court Review, Vol. 2001
Posted: 15 Aug 2002
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law

Abstract:

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Law and Legal Institutions

66.

Normative Legal Positivism (Prologue)

Cambridge Companion to Legal Positivism (Patricia Mindus & Torben Spaak, eds., Forthcoming 2020)
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 26 Feb 2019
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 226 (147,678)

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67.

On Treating Unlike Cases Alike

Constitutional Commentary, vol. 34 (2018 Forthcoming)
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 07 Jun 2018
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 220 (150,936)

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68.
Downloads 218 (152,244)

Modeling Tolerance

Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2013-30
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 12 Sep 2013
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 145 (218,512)

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Toleration, Tolerance, Intervention, Paternalism, Liberty

Modeling Tolerance

Journal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics, March 2014, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 28 Jan 2014
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 73 (351,599)

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69.

Rightful Deprivations of Rights

Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2018-43
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 07 Aug 2018
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 217 (152,873)

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70.

Law as a Malleable Artifact

In Lukas Burazin, Kenneth Einar Himma and Corrado Roversi (eds.), Law as an Artifact (Oxford University Press, 2018 Forthcoming)
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 11 Jun 2018
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 204 (161,969)

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71.

Ambivalence About the Law

KSG Working Paper No. RWP07-007
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 07 Feb 2007
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 203 (162,733)

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Law and Legal Institutions

72.

Hohfeld on Legal Language

Forthcoming in The Legacy of Wesley Hohfeld: Edited Major Works, Select Personal Papers, and Original Commentaries (Shyam Balganesh, Ted Sichelman & Henry Smith eds., Cambridge University Press, 2018 Forthcoming)
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 11 Jun 2018
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 184 (177,996)
Citation 1

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73.

Analogy in the Supreme Court: Lozman v. City of Riviera Beach, Florida

The Supreme Court Review, volume 2012 (2014 Forthcoming)
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 29 Jan 2014 Last Revised: 10 Feb 2014
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 178 (183,313)

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74.

On the Utility of Religious Toleration

Criminal Law and Philosophy, 2014, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 02 May 2014
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 168 (192,707)

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75.

Sanctions for Acts or Sanctions for Actors

Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2018-41
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 26 Jul 2018
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 157 (204,116)

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76.

Probabilistic Causation in the Law

Journal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics, Vol. 176, pp.4-17 (March 2020)
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 13 May 2020
Frederick Schauer and Barbara A. Spellman
University of Virginia School of Law and University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 156 (205,178)

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causation, causality, probabilistic causativo, deterministic causation, legal rules

77.

The Political Risks (If Any) of Breaking the Law

The Journal of Legal Analysis, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 17 Mar 2012
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 153 (208,608)

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obedience to law, public officials, legality, legal compliance

78.

The Hostile Audience Revisited

Knight First Amendment Institute at Columbia University, "Emerging Threats" Series (2017)
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 02 Jan 2018
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 150 (212,110)

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79.

Lon Fuller and the Rule of Law

Michael Sevel (ed.), Routledge Handbook of the Rule of Law (London: Routledge, forthcoming 2020)
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 20 May 2020 Last Revised: 21 May 2020
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 149 (213,268)

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80.

Preferences for Law?

Law and Social Inquiry, Vol. 42, No. 1, 2017
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 02 Nov 2017
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 143 (220,434)

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law, sanctions, coercion, force, legality

81.

Fuller and Kelsen -- Fuller on Kelsen

Archiv fur Rechts- und Sozialphilosophie, Beiheft 163 (2020), pp.309-18
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 16 Jun 2020
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 119 (254,037)

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82.

The Political Risk (If Any) of Breaking The Law

Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2012-24
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 29 Mar 2012
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 119 (254,037)

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83.

Every Possible Use of Language?

Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2017-61
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 02 Nov 2017
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 107 (274,027)
Citation 1

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freedom of speech, First Amendment

84.

Social Science and the Philosophy of Law

in John Tasioulas (ed.), Cambridge Companion to the Philosophy of Law (June 2020)
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 20 May 2020 Last Revised: 21 May 2020
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 102 (286,956)

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85.

Oliver Wendell Holmes, the Abrams Case, and the Origins of the Harmless Speech Tradition

Seton Hall Law Review, Vol. 51, No. 1, 2021
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 12 May 2020 Last Revised: 13 May 2020
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 100 (286,956)

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86.

One Small Step Towards a Metatheory of Evidence and Proof

International Journal of Evidence and Proof, vol 23 (January 2019)
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 14 Feb 2019
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 87 (313,624)

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Evidence, Prof, Bayesianism, Probabilism, Explanations

87.

Free Speech Overrides

University of Chicago Legal Forum, vol. 2020 (Forthcoming)
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 20 May 2020 Last Revised: 29 May 2020
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 58 (391,792)

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88.

A Reply to Five Friends

Ratio Juris, Vol. 29, Issue 3, pp. 348-363, 2016
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 09 Aug 2016
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
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89.

Nonlegal Information and the Delegalization of Law

Journal of Legal Studies, Vol. 29, No. 1, Pt. 2, January 2000
Posted: 12 Jun 2001
Frederick Schauer and Virginia J. Wise
University of Virginia School of Law and Harvard Law School

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90.

The Generality of Rights

Legal Theory, Vol. 6, P. 323, 2000
Posted: 21 Nov 2000
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law

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91.

Internet Privacy and the Public-Private Distinction

Posted: 01 Dec 1998
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law

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