Frederick Schauer

University of Virginia School of Law

David and Mary Harrison Distinguished Professor of Law

580 Massie Road

Charlottesville, VA 22903

United States

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

98

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54,687

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in Total Papers Citations

82

CROSSREF CITATIONS

97

Scholarly Papers (98)

1.

Precedent

Number of pages: 25 Posted: 16 May 2011
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 4,536 (2,331)
Citation 2

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precedent, analogy, legal reasoning, legal theory

2.

The Exceptional First Amendment

KSG Working Paper No. RWP05-021
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 18 Feb 2005
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 3,678 (3,311)
Citation 15

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Human Rights, Law and Legal Institutions

Was Austin Right after All?: On the Role of Sanctions in a Theory of Law

Ratio Juris, Vol. 22, 2009
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 21 May 2009
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 2,676 (5,618)
Citation 1

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Was Austin Right after All? On the Role of Sanctions in a Theory of Law

Ratio Juris, Vol. 23, Issue 1, pp. 1-21, March 2010
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 15 Feb 2010
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 4 (763,519)
Citation 1
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4.

Legal Reasoning

Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2012-09
Number of pages: 49 Posted: 07 Feb 2012 Last Revised: 14 Feb 2012
Barbara A. Spellman and Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law and University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 2,182 (8,004)
Citation 3

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5.

Positivism Before Hart

Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2010-01
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 25 Nov 2009 Last Revised: 20 Jan 2010
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 1,698 (12,011)
Citation 3

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6.

A Critical Guide to Vehicles in the Park

New York University Law Review, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 12 Jun 2008
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 1,320 (17,792)
Citation 2

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jurisprudence, legal reasoning, interpretation

7.

Why Precedent in Law (and Elsewhere) is Not Totally (or Even Substantially) about Analogy

KSG Working Paper No. RWP07-036
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 27 Aug 2007 Last Revised: 27 Aug 2009
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 1,288 (18,446)
Citation 5

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precedent, analogy, legal reasoning, thinking and reasoning, cognitive psychology, Advocacy and Persuasion, Ethics/Political Philosophy, Law and Legal Institutions

8.

Freedom of Expression Adjudication in Europe and America: A Case Study in Comparative Constitutional Architecture

KSG Working Paper No. RWP05-019
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 18 Feb 2005
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 1,271 (18,852)
Citation 3

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freedom of expression, constitutional law, comparative law

9.

Balancing, Subsumption and the Constraining Role of Legal Text

Number of pages: 17 Posted: 18 May 2009
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 1,208 (20,343)
Citation 4

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10.

On the Open Texture of Law

Number of pages: 26 Posted: 13 Sep 2011
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 1,114 (22,934)

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11.

Is There a Psychology of Judging?

THE PSYCHOLOGY OF JUDICIAL DECISION MAKING, David E. Klein and Gregory Mitchell, eds., New York: Oxford University Press, 2008, KSG Working Paper No. RWP07-049
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 21 Sep 2007
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 1,066 (24,461)
Citation 1

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judges, judging, psychology and law, legal reasoning, judicial reasoning, judicial decision-making

12.

Law's Limited Domain Confronts Morality's Universal Empire

San Diego Legal Studies Paper No. 07-44, William and Mary Law Review, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 04 May 2006
Larry Alexander and Frederick Schauer
University of San Diego School of Law and University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 971 (28,004)
Citation 8

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positivism, rules and standards, incorporation of morality

13.
Downloads 942 ( 29,246)
Citation 2

Legal Fictions Revisited

Number of pages: 28 Posted: 04 Aug 2011
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 677 (45,497)
Citation 2

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legal fictions, legal language, presumptions, legal rules, legal reasoning

Legal Fictions Revisited

Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2011-29
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 06 Sep 2011
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 265 (138,317)

Abstract:

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14.

Can Bad Science Be Good Evidence: Lie Detection, Neuroscience, and the Mistaken Conflation of Legal and Scientific Norms

Cornell Law Review, Forthcoming, Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2009-14
Number of pages: 40 Posted: 13 Aug 2009 Last Revised: 04 Aug 2015
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 929 (29,874)

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15.

Rules of Recognition, Constitutional Controversies, and the Dizzying Dependence of Law on Acceptance

THE RULE OF RECOGNITION AND THE U.S. CONSTITUTION, Matthew Adler & Kenneth Himma, eds., Oxford University Press, 2009, San Diego Legal Studies Paper No. 08-66
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 19 Aug 2008
Larry Alexander and Frederick Schauer
University of San Diego School of Law and University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 917 (30,411)
Citation 3

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rule of recognition, judicial review, judicial supremacy, interpretation

16.

Institutions and the Concept of Law: A Reply to Ronald Dworkin (with Some Help from Neil Maccormick)

LAW AS INSTITUTIONAL NORMATIVE ORDER: ESSAYS IN HONOUR OF SIR NEIL MACCORMICK, M. Del Mar, ed., Ashgate, 2009
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 22 May 2009
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 876 (32,422)

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17.

The Social Construction of the Concept of Law: A Reply to Julie Dickson

Oxford Journal of Legal Studies, Vol. 25, 2005
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 18 Feb 2005
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 858 (33,377)
Citation 5

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jurisprudence, conceptual analysis, philosophy of law

18.
Downloads 845 ( 34,069)
Citation 1

On the Nature of the Nature of Law

Number of pages: 19 Posted: 11 May 2011
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 496 (67,744)

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philosophy of law, jurisprudence, concept of law, jurisprudential methodology

On the Nature of the Nature of Law

Archiv fur Rechts- und Sozialphilosophie, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 06 Sep 2011
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 349 (102,703)

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law, nature of law, concept of law, jurisprudence

19.

Law and Social Cognition

Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2012-10
Number of pages: 63 Posted: 07 Feb 2012 Last Revised: 14 Feb 2012
Barbara A. Spellman and Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law and University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 778 (38,152)

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juries, jury decision making, judicial decision making, and law and psychology

20.

Law's Boundaries

Harvard Law Review, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 18 Nov 2016
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 759 (39,468)

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21.

Authority and Authorities

Virginia Law Review, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 12 Jun 2008
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 758 (39,537)

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sources, authority, citation, jurisprudence

22.

Necessity, Importance, and the Nature of Law

Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2010-19
Number of pages: 58 Posted: 23 Apr 2010
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 755 (39,760)
Citation 8

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23.

Legal Realism Untamed

Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2012-38
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 23 May 2012 Last Revised: 05 Aug 2012
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 747 (40,400)
Citation 2

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24.
Downloads 737 ( 41,077)

Neutrality and Judicial Review

KSG Working Paper No. RWP03-008
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 16 Jul 2003
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 737 (40,512)

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Neutrality and Judicial Review

Law and Philosophy, Vol. 22, 2003
Posted: 16 Jul 2003
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law

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25.

Editor's Introduction to Karl Llewellyn's 'The Theory of Rules'

In Karl Llewellyn's THE THEORY OF RULES, Introduction by Frederick Schauer, (ed.), University of Chicago Press, 2010
Number of pages: 40 Posted: 18 May 2009
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 702 (43,878)

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26.
Downloads 670 ( 46,785)
Citation 2

Lie-Detection, Neuroscience, and the Law of Evidence

Number of pages: 42 Posted: 22 Oct 2012
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 347 (103,350)
Citation 1

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Lie-Detection, Neuroscience, and the Law of Evidence

Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2012-49
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 31 Aug 2012
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 323 (112,065)

Abstract:

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27.

The Boundaries of the First Amendment: A Preliminary Exploration of Constitutional Salience

KSG Working Paper Series No. RWP03-024
Number of pages: 69 Posted: 08 May 2003
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 645 (49,131)
Citation 9

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Law and Legal Institutions, Press and Public Policy

28.

Do Cases Make Bad Law?

KSG Working Paper No. RWP05-013
Number of pages: 63 Posted: 08 Aug 2005
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 605 (53,412)
Citation 7

Abstract:

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Law and Legal Institutions

29.

Is Law a Technical Language?

San Diego Law Review, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 15 Nov 2015
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 595 (54,558)
Citation 1

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30.

First Amendment Opportunism

KSG Working Paper No. 00-011
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 13 Dec 2000
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 585 (55,749)
Citation 2

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31.
Downloads 550 ( 60,242)
Citation 5

Towards an Institutional First Amendment

Minnesota Law Review, Vol. 89, 2005
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 18 Feb 2005
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 394 (89,299)

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first amendment, freedom of speech, freedom of press, constitutional law

Towards an Institutional First Amendment

KSG Working Paper No. RWP05-020
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 12 May 2005
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 156 (226,423)
Citation 5

Abstract:

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Law and Legal Institutions

32.

Is it Important to Be Important? Evaluating the Supreme Court's Case Selection Process

Yale Law Journal, Vol. 119, 2009, Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2009-23
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 15 Oct 2009 Last Revised: 30 Nov 2017
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 544 (61,103)

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supreme court, case selection, certiorari, docket

33.

On the Distinction between Speech and Action

Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2014-68
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 26 Oct 2014 Last Revised: 13 Nov 2014
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 514 (65,447)
Citation 1

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freedom of speech, freedom of expression, autonomy, liberty

34.

When and How (If at All) Does Law Constrain Official Action? (The Sibley Lecture)

Georgia Law Review, Vol. 45, No. 1, 2010, Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2010-02
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 27 Oct 2009 Last Revised: 20 Jan 2010
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 509 (66,241)

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35.
Downloads 480 ( 71,274)

Harm(s) and the First Amendment

The Supreme Court Review 2010
Number of pages: 43 Posted: 23 Feb 2012
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 241 (152,125)

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Harm(s) and the First Amendment

Supreme Court Review, Forthcoming, Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2012-23
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 29 Mar 2012 Last Revised: 05 Apr 2012
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 239 (153,326)

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36.

Is Defeasibility an Essential Property of Law?

LAW AND DEFEASIBILITY, J. Ferrer, C. Ratti, eds., Oxford University Press, 2010
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 22 May 2009
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 474 (72,365)
Citation 1

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37.

Paltering

KSG Working Paper No. RWP07-006
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 06 Feb 2007
Frederick Schauer and Richard J. Zeckhauser
University of Virginia School of Law and Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS)
Downloads 470 (73,152)

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Advocacy and Persuasion, Ethics/Political Philosophy, Law and Legal Institutions, Press and Public Policy, Regulation

38.
Downloads 458 ( 75,493)

The Speech-Ing of Sexual Harassment

KSG Working Paper No. 00-012
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 13 Dec 2000
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 458 (74,819)

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The Speech-Ing of Sexual Harassment

NEW DIRECTIONS IN SEXUAL HARASSMENT LAW, Catharine MacKinnon and Reva Siegel, eds., Yale University Press, 2000
Posted: 11 Jun 2001
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law

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39.

Hart's Anti-Essentialism

A. Dolcetti, L. Duarte d'Almeida & J. Edwards, Reading H.L.A. Hart's 'The Concept of Law,' Hart Publishing, 2013
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 22 Oct 2012
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 450 (77,087)

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40.

A Critical Examination of the Distinction between Interpretation and Construction

Number of pages: 33 Posted: 12 Apr 2019
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 442 (78,706)
Citation 1

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41.

The Jurisprudence of Custom

Texas International Law Journal, Vol. 48, No. 3, 2013, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 17 Nov 2012
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 434 (80,456)

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42.

Must Virtue Be Particular?

LAW, VIRTUE & JUSTICE, A. Amaya, H. L. Ho, eds., Oxford, Hart Publishing, 2010, Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2011-01
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 14 Jan 2011 Last Revised: 07 Feb 2011
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 433 (80,654)

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43.

Social Epistemology, Holocaust Denial, and the Post-Millian Calculus

REGULATING HATE SPEECH: CONTEXT, CONTENT, AND REMEDIES, Michael Herz & Peter Molnar, eds., Cambridge University Press, 2010
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 06 Dec 2009
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 431 (81,114)

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freedom of expression, John Stuart Mill, Holocaust denial, social epistemology

44.

In Defense of Rule-Based Evidence Law: And Rule-Based Epistemology Too

Number of pages: 21 Posted: 02 Sep 2008
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 412 (85,522)
Citation 1

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45.

Stare Decisis: Rhetoric and Reality in the Supreme Court

2017 Supreme Court Review (Forthcoming)
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 22 Feb 2019
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 391 (90,810)
Citation 1

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stare decisis, precedent, supreme court

46.

Legal Development and the Problem of Systemic Transition

KSG Working Papers Series No. RWP03-025
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 06 Aug 2003
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 391 (90,810)
Citation 4

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International Development, Law and Legal Institutions

47.

Is Expert Evidence Really Different?

Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2013-15
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 02 Feb 2013 Last Revised: 13 May 2013
Frederick Schauer and Barbara A. Spellman
University of Virginia School of Law and University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 385 (92,466)
Citation 1

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evidence, experts, psychology and law, jury, overvaluation

48.

On Open Texture of Law

Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2011-35
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 13 Sep 2011
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 377 (94,810)

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49.

Deconstructing Law's Normativity

Number of pages: 16 Posted: 05 Dec 2017
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 365 (98,362)
Citation 1

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legal obligation, normativity, jurisprudence, obedience to law, legal reasons

50.

Regulation by Generalization

AEI-Brookings Joint Center Working Paper No. 05-16, KSG Working Paper No. RWP05-048
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 15 Nov 2005
Frederick Schauer and Richard J. Zeckhauser
University of Virginia School of Law and Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS)
Downloads 361 (99,585)

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Business and Government Policy, Crime and Criminal Justice, Economics - Microeconomics, Environment and Natural Resources, Law and Legal Institutions, Regulation

51.

On the Relationship between Chapters One and Two of John Stuart Mill’s on Liberty

Capital University Law Review, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 17 Apr 2011
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 350 (103,076)
Citation 1

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Freedom of Expression, John Stuart Mill

52.

Free Speech on Tuesdays

Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2014-10
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 28 Jan 2014 Last Revised: 08 Feb 2014
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 314 (116,184)

Abstract:

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53.

Free Speech, the Search for Truth, and the Problem of Collective Knowledge

SMU Law Review, Vol. 70, pp. 231-52
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 05 Dec 2017
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 304 (120,675)

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54.

Facts and the First Amendment (the Melville Nimmer Memorial Lecture)

UCLA Law Review, Vol. 57, No. 4, 2010, Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2009-22
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 15 Oct 2009 Last Revised: 16 Oct 2009
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 302 (121,112)
Citation 1

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55.

Lon Fuller and the Rule of Law

Michael Sevel (ed.), Routledge Handbook of the Rule of Law (London: Routledge, forthcoming 2020), Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2020-46
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 20 May 2020 Last Revised: 21 May 2020
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 300 (121,935)

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56.

The Ubiquity of Prevention

Andrew Ashworth & Lucia Zender, eds., Prevention and the Limits of the Criminal Law: Principles and Policies (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013 Forthcoming), Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2012-28
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 23 Apr 2012
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 288 (127,345)

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57.

Normative Legal Positivism (Prologue)

Cambridge Companion to Legal Positivism (Patricia Mindus & Torben Spaak, eds., Forthcoming 2020)
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 26 Feb 2019
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 286 (128,254)

Abstract:

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58.

Friedrich Waismann and the Distinctive Logic of Legal Language

Number of pages: 19 Posted: 23 Mar 2017
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 283 (129,722)

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59.
Downloads 278 (132,134)

The Trouble with Cases

Virginia Law and Economics Research Paper No. 2009-09
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 12 Aug 2009 Last Revised: 28 Sep 2009
Frederick Schauer and Richard J. Zeckhauser
University of Virginia School of Law and Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS)
Downloads 196 (185,324)

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regulation, rule-making, litigation, availability

The Trouble with Cases

HKS Working Paper No. RWP09-025
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 15 Dec 2009
Frederick Schauer and Richard J. Zeckhauser
University of Virginia School of Law and Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS)
Downloads 70 (394,498)

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regulatory law, litigation, regulation

The Trouble with Cases

NBER Working Paper No. w15279
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 25 Aug 2009 Last Revised: 02 Apr 2021
Frederick Schauer and Richard J. Zeckhauser
University of Virginia School of Law and Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS)
Downloads 12 (697,153)

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60.

Second-Order Vagueness in Law

In G. Keil & R. Poscher (eds.), Vagueness in Law: Philosophical & Legal Approaches (Oxford University Press, 2016 Forthcoming)
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 07 Mar 2016
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 276 (133,136)
Citation 1

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61.

Calibrating Legal Judgments

The Journal of Legal Analysis, forthcoming, Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2016-58, Virginia Law and Economics Research Paper No. 2016-19
Number of pages: 49 Posted: 01 Feb 2016 Last Revised: 19 Oct 2016
Frederick Schauer and Barbara A. Spellman
University of Virginia School of Law and University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 268 (137,285)

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62.

Official Obedience and the Politics of Defining 'Law'

Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2013-11
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 20 Feb 2013 Last Revised: 13 May 2013
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 263 (140,482)
Citation 1

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obedience to law, compliance, legality, jurisprudence

63.

Bentham on Presumed Offenses

Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2010-30
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 21 Oct 2010
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 256 (143,750)

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The Dilemma of Ignorance: Pga Tour, Inc. V. Casey Martin

KSG Faculty Research Working Paper No. 02-004
Number of pages: 60 Posted: 05 Mar 2002
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 256 (143,260)

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Law and Legal Institutions

The Dilemma of Ignorance: Pga Tour, Inc. V. Casey Martin

Forthcoming in Supreme Court Review, Vol. 2001
Posted: 15 Aug 2002
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law

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Law and Legal Institutions

65.

On Treating Unlike Cases Alike

Constitutional Commentary, vol. 34 (2018 Forthcoming)
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 07 Jun 2018
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 250 (147,151)
Citation 1

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66.

Analogy, Expertise, and Experience

University of Chicago Law Review, Vol. 84, No. 1, 2017, Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2017-62
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 02 Nov 2017
Frederick Schauer and Barbara A. Spellman
University of Virginia School of Law and University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 250 (147,151)

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analogy, legal reasoning

67.

Rights, Constitutions, and the Perils of Panglossianism

Oxford Journal of Legal Studies, Volume 38 (2018, Forthcoming)
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 28 Dec 2017
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 248 (148,340)

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rights, constitutionalism, side constraints, cognitive dissonance, cognitive consistency

68.

Constitutions of Hope and Fear

Yale Law Journal, Forthcoming, Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2014-69
Number of pages: 52 Posted: 06 Nov 2014 Last Revised: 13 Nov 2014
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 246 (149,576)

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69.

Rightful Deprivations of Rights

Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2018-43
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 07 Aug 2018
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 245 (150,751)

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70.
Downloads 222 (165,103)

Modeling Tolerance

Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2013-30, Virginia Law and Economics Research Paper No. 2013-08
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 12 Sep 2013
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 147 (237,860)

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Toleration, Tolerance, Intervention, Paternalism, Liberty

Modeling Tolerance

Journal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics, March 2014, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 28 Jan 2014
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 75 (379,459)

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71.

Law as a Malleable Artifact

In Lukas Burazin, Kenneth Einar Himma and Corrado Roversi (eds.), Law as an Artifact (Oxford University Press, 2018 Forthcoming)
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 11 Jun 2018
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 212 (172,363)

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72.

Probabilistic Causation in the Law

Journal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics, Vol. 176, pp.4-17 (March 2020), Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2020-43, Virginia Law and Economics Research Paper No. 2020-07
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 13 May 2020
Frederick Schauer and Barbara A. Spellman
University of Virginia School of Law and University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 208 (175,544)
Citation 1

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causation, causality, probabilistic causativo, deterministic causation, legal rules

73.

Hohfeld on Legal Language

Forthcoming in The Legacy of Wesley Hohfeld: Edited Major Works, Select Personal Papers, and Original Commentaries (Shyam Balganesh, Ted Sichelman & Henry Smith eds., Cambridge University Press, 2018 Forthcoming)
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 11 Jun 2018
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 207 (176,307)
Citation 1

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74.

Ambivalence About the Law

KSG Working Paper No. RWP07-007
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 07 Feb 2007
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 206 (177,094)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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Law and Legal Institutions

75.

Analogy in the Supreme Court: Lozman v. City of Riviera Beach, Florida

The Supreme Court Review, volume 2012 (2014 Forthcoming), Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2014-11
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 29 Jan 2014 Last Revised: 10 Feb 2014
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 185 (195,297)

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76.

Introduction to the Oxford Handbook on Freedom of Speech

Forthcoming in A Stone and F Schauer (eds), Oxford Handbook on Freedom of Speech, Oxford University Press, 2020, U of Melbourne Legal Studies Research Paper No. 905
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 28 Oct 2020
Adrienne Stone and Frederick Schauer
University of Melbourne - Law School and University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 177 (202,989)

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freedom of speech, freedom of expression, constitutional law, comparative constitutional law

77.

Ruleness

In Legal Rules in Practice (Baudouin Dupret, Julie Colemans & Max Travers Eds.) (London: Routledge, 2021 Forthcoming) , Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2020-72
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 26 Oct 2020 Last Revised: 11 Nov 2020
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 177 (202,989)

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78.

On the Utility of Religious Toleration

Criminal Law and Philosophy, 2014, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 02 May 2014
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 173 (207,024)

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79.

Sanctions for Acts or Sanctions for Actors

Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2018-41
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 26 Jul 2018
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 171 (209,138)

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80.

Social Science and the Philosophy of Law

in John Tasioulas (ed.), Cambridge Companion to the Philosophy of Law (June 2020), Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2020-45
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 20 May 2020 Last Revised: 21 May 2020
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 161 (220,005)

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81.

Fuller and Kelsen -- Fuller on Kelsen

Archiv fur Rechts- und Sozialphilosophie, Beiheft 163 (2020), pp.309-18
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 16 Jun 2020
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 160 (221,178)

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82.

The Hostile Audience Revisited

Knight First Amendment Institute at Columbia University, "Emerging Threats" Series (2017)
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 02 Jan 2018
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 158 (223,577)

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83.

The Political Risks (If Any) of Breaking the Law

The Journal of Legal Analysis, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 17 Mar 2012
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 157 (224,786)

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obedience to law, public officials, legality, legal compliance

84.

The Role of Rules in the Law of Evidence

Philosophical Foundations of Evidence Law (Chrstian Dahlman, Alex Stein, and Giovanni Tuzet, eds., Oxford University Press, 2021 Forthcoming), Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2020-73
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 26 Oct 2020 Last Revised: 12 Nov 2020
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 156 (227,176)

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85.

Preferences for Law?

Law and Social Inquiry, Vol. 42, No. 1, 2017, Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2017-60
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 02 Nov 2017
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 148 (235,887)
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law, sanctions, coercion, force, legality

86.

On the Relationship Between Law and Legal Reasoning

Forthcoming, Mark McBride & James Penner (eds.), New Essays on the Nature of Legal Reasoning (Hart Publishing, 2021)
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 05 Feb 2021
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 140 (246,812)

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87.

Oliver Wendell Holmes, the Abrams Case, and the Origins of the Harmless Speech Tradition

Seton Hall Law Review, Vol. 51, No. 1, 2021, Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2020-42
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 12 May 2020 Last Revised: 13 May 2020
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 128 (264,468)

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88.

The Political Risk (If Any) of Breaking The Law

Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2012-24
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 29 Mar 2012
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 123 (274,209)

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89.

Every Possible Use of Language?

Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2017-61
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 02 Nov 2017
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 119 (279,185)

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freedom of speech, First Amendment

90.

Free Speech Overrides

University of Chicago Legal Forum, vol. 2020 (Forthcoming), Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2020-47
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 20 May 2020 Last Revised: 29 May 2020
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 116 (284,308)

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91.

Constructing Interpretation

Boston University Law Review, Forthcoming, Virginia Public Law and Legal Theory Research Paper No. 2020-74
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 26 Oct 2020 Last Revised: 27 Oct 2020
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 114 (289,552)

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92.

The Occasions of Law (and the Occasions of Interpretation)

Argumenta, vol. 4 (2018), 41-50
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 04 Feb 2021
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 98 (321,086)

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93.

One Small Step Towards a Metatheory of Evidence and Proof

International Journal of Evidence and Proof, vol 23 (January 2019)
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 14 Feb 2019
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 94 (327,614)
Citation 1

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Evidence, Prof, Bayesianism, Probabilism, Explanations

94.

On the Regulative Functions of Constitutive Rules

In P. Di Lucia & E. Fittipaldi (eds.), Revisiting Searle on Deriving "Ought" from "Is" (Palgrave 2021)
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 04 Feb 2021
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
Downloads 28 (562,559)

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95.

A Reply to Five Friends

Ratio Juris, Vol. 29, Issue 3, pp. 348-363, 2016
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 09 Aug 2016
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law
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96.

Nonlegal Information and the Delegalization of Law

Journal of Legal Studies, Vol. 29, No. 1, Pt. 2, January 2000
Posted: 12 Jun 2001
Frederick Schauer and Virginia J. Wise
University of Virginia School of Law and Harvard Law School

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97.

The Generality of Rights

Legal Theory, Vol. 6, P. 323, 2000
Posted: 21 Nov 2000
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law

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98.

Internet Privacy and the Public-Private Distinction

Posted: 01 Dec 1998
Frederick Schauer
University of Virginia School of Law

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