W. Nicholson Price II

University of Michigan Law School

Professor of Law

625 South State Street

Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1215

United States

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

26

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Top 5,919

in Total Papers Downloads

8,010

SSRN CITATIONS
Rank 31,260

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 31,260

in Total Papers Citations

16

CROSSREF CITATIONS

9

Scholarly Papers (26)

1.

Artificial Intelligence in Health Care: Applications and Legal Issues

14 SciTech Lawyer 10 (2017), U of Michigan Public Law Research Paper No. 599
Number of pages: 7 Posted: 03 Apr 2018 Last Revised: 24 Apr 2018
W. Nicholson Price II
University of Michigan Law School
Downloads 1,006 (24,503)
Citation 1

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2.

Patent Trolling — Why Bio & Pharmaceuticals Are at Risk

17 Stan. Tech. L. Rev. 773, 2014, UC Hastings Research Paper No. 93
Number of pages: 40 Posted: 15 Feb 2014 Last Revised: 03 Apr 2016
Robin Feldman and W. Nicholson Price II
UC Hastings Law and University of Michigan Law School
Downloads 935 (27,146)
Citation 4

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nonpracticing entities, patent trolls, patent assertion entities, pharmaceuticals, patents, biotechnology

3.

Black-Box Medicine

28 Harv. J.L. & Tech. 419 (2015)
Number of pages: 50 Posted: 23 Sep 2014 Last Revised: 03 Apr 2016
W. Nicholson Price II
University of Michigan Law School
Downloads 729 (38,362)
Citation 2

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personalized medicine, big data, incentives, patents

4.

Medical Malpractice and Black-Box Medicine

I. Glenn Cohen et al., eds., Big Data, Health Law, and Bioethics (Cambridge University Press, 2018), U of Michigan Public Law Research Paper No. 536
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 04 Feb 2017 Last Revised: 30 Jul 2018
W. Nicholson Price II
University of Michigan Law School
Downloads 530 (58,263)
Citation 1

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black-box medicine, precision medicine, medical malpractice, medical algorithms

5.

Regulating Black-Box Medicine

116 Mich. L. Rev. 421 (2017)
Number of pages: 55 Posted: 22 Mar 2017 Last Revised: 13 May 2018
W. Nicholson Price II
University of Michigan Law School
Downloads 455 (70,395)
Citation 1

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black-box medicine, algorithms, regulation, innovation

6.

Manufacturing Barriers to Biologics Competition and Innovation

101 Iowa L. Rev. 1023 (2016), Duke Law School Public Law & Legal Theory Series No. 2015-20, Duke I&E Research Paper No. 15-2
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 16 Apr 2015 Last Revised: 30 Jul 2018
W. Nicholson Price II and Arti K. Rai
University of Michigan Law School and Duke University School of Law
Downloads 446 (72,152)

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Innovation, Trade Secrets, Intellectual Property, Biologics, Biosimilars

7.

Making Do in Making Drugs: Innovation Policy and Pharmaceutical Manufacturing

55 B.C. L. Rev. 491 (2014)
Number of pages: 72 Posted: 18 Aug 2013 Last Revised: 03 Apr 2016
W. Nicholson Price II
University of Michigan Law School
Downloads 445 (72,341)
Citation 3

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pharmaceutical, drugs, manufacturing, innovation policy, innovation

8.

Big Data, Patents, and the Future of Medicine

37 Cardozo L. Rev. 1401 (2016)
Number of pages: 53 Posted: 14 Sep 2015 Last Revised: 09 Jan 2017
W. Nicholson Price II
University of Michigan Law School
Downloads 439 (73,510)

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big data, patents, medicine, intellectual property, algorithms

9.

Unblocked Future: Why Gene Patents Won’t Hinder Whole-Genome Sequencing and Personalized Medicine

33 Cardozo L. Rev. 1601 (2012)
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 23 Aug 2011 Last Revised: 03 Apr 2016
W. Nicholson Price II
University of Michigan Law School
Downloads 366 (90,895)
Citation 1

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gene patents, whole-genome sequencing, personalized medicine

10.

Artificial Intelligence in the Medical System: Four Roles for Potential Transformation

21 Yale J.L. & Tech. Spec. Iss. 122 (2019), 18 Yale J. Health Pol'y L. & Ethics Spec. Iss. 122 (2019), U of Michigan Public Law Research Paper No. 631
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 18 Mar 2019 Last Revised: 07 Jan 2020
W. Nicholson Price II
University of Michigan Law School
Downloads 339 (99,193)

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Artificial Intelligence, AI, Medicine, Health Law, FDA Law

11.

Medical AI and Contextual Bias

33 Harv. J.L. & Tech. 66 (2019), U of Michigan Public Law Research Paper No. 632
Number of pages: 52 Posted: 01 Apr 2019 Last Revised: 20 Mar 2020
W. Nicholson Price II
University of Michigan Law School
Downloads 320 (105,840)
Citation 2

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AI, artificial intelligence, law and medicine, innovation, bias

12.

Privacy and Accountability in Black-Box Medicine

23 Mich. Telecomm. & Tech. L. Rev. 1 (2016)
Number of pages: 43 Posted: 04 Apr 2016 Last Revised: 30 Jul 2018
Roger Allan Ford and W. Nicholson Price II
University of New Hampshire Franklin Pierce School of Law and University of Michigan Law School
Downloads 294 (115,970)
Citation 2

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machine learning, privacy, black-box medicine, predictive analytics, law and medicine

13.

Acknowledgements as a Window into Legal Academia

Washington University Law Review, Forthcoming, U of Michigan Public Law Research Paper No. 668, U of Michigan Law & Econ Research Paper No. 20-017
Number of pages: 53 Posted: 06 Apr 2020 Last Revised: 18 May 2020
W. Nicholson Price II and Jonathan Tietz
University of Michigan Law School and University of Michigan Law School
Downloads 240 (142,792)

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empirical legal studies, star footnote, legal scholarship

14.

Promoting Healthcare Innovation on the Demand Side

4 J.L. & Biosciences 3 (2017), U of Michigan Law & Econ Research Paper No. 16-008, U of Michigan Public Law Research Paper No. 503
Number of pages: 47 Posted: 19 Apr 2016 Last Revised: 30 Jul 2018
Rebecca S. Eisenberg and W. Nicholson Price II
University of Michigan Law School and University of Michigan Law School
Downloads 233 (146,975)

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Food Law, Drug Law, Health Law, Health Policy, Intellectual Property Law

15.

Grants

34 Berkeley Tech. L.J. 1 (2019), U of Michigan Public Law Research Paper No. 600
Number of pages: 66 Posted: 09 May 2018 Last Revised: 23 Oct 2019
W. Nicholson Price II
University of Michigan Law School
Downloads 207 (164,332)
Citation 1

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grants, innovation policy, intellectual property, NIH

16.

Regulating Secrecy

91 Wash. L. Rev. 1769 (2016)
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 16 Oct 2015 Last Revised: 30 Jul 2018
W. Nicholson Price II
University of Michigan Law School
Downloads 191 (177,090)

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trade secrecy, regulation, patents, biosimilars, biologics, pharmaceuticals

17.

Expired Patents, Trade Secrets, and Stymied Competition

92 Notre Dame L. Rev. 1611 (2017), U of Michigan Law & Econ Research Paper No. 16-030, U of Michigan Public Law Research Paper No. 532
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 23 Dec 2016 Last Revised: 30 Jul 2018
W. Nicholson Price II
University of Michigan Law School
Downloads 160 (206,713)

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trade secrets, secrecy, patents, innovation

18.

The Cost of Novelty

120 Colum. L. Rev. 769 (2020), U of Michigan Public Law Research Paper No. 633, U of Michigan Law & Econ Research Paper No. 19-004
Number of pages: 66 Posted: 02 Apr 2019 Last Revised: 04 May 2020
W. Nicholson Price II
University of Michigan Law School
Downloads 145 (224,214)

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innovation, patents, novelty, biomedical innovation

19.

Describing Black-Box Medicine

21 B.U. J. Sci. & Tech. L. 347 (2015)
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 29 Apr 2015 Last Revised: 03 Apr 2016
W. Nicholson Price II
University of Michigan Law School
Downloads 124 (253,419)

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personalized medicine, black box, patentability, enablement, 112

20.

Clearing Opacity through Machine Learning

106 Iowa L. Rev. (Forthcoming), Duke Law School Public Law & Legal Theory Series No. 2020-13, U of Michigan Public Law Research Paper No. 663, U of Michigan Law & Econ Research Paper No. 20-016
Number of pages: 46 Posted: 08 Mar 2020 Last Revised: 18 May 2020
W. Nicholson Price II and Arti K. Rai
University of Michigan Law School and Duke University School of Law
Downloads 119 (261,319)

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artificial intelligence, secrecy, opacity, machine learning, basic research, innovation policy, trade secrets

21.

Am I My Son? Human Clones and the Modern Family

11 Colum. Sci. & Tech. L. Rev. 118 (2010), Columbia Public Law Research
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 09 Apr 2009 Last Revised: 03 Apr 2016
W. Nicholson Price II
University of Michigan Law School
Downloads 88 (320,041)

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22.

Drug Approval in a Learning Health System

102 Minn. L. Rev. 2413 (2018), U of Michigan Public Law Research Paper No. 598
Number of pages: 50 Posted: 03 Apr 2018 Last Revised: 30 Jul 2018
W. Nicholson Price II
University of Michigan Law School
Downloads 85 (326,998)

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FDA, Learning Health Systems, Innovation, Privacy, HIPAA, Informed Consent, Big Data, Medical Innovation

23.

Risk and Resilience in Health Data Infrastructure

16 Colo. Tech. L.J. 65 (2017), U of Michigan Law & Econ Research Paper No. 17-004, U of Michigan Public Law Research Paper No. 552
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 09 Mar 2017 Last Revised: 30 Jul 2018
W. Nicholson Price II
University of Michigan Law School
Downloads 74 (354,774)

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Health Data, Infrastructure, Resilience

24.

Patenting Race: The Problems of Ethnic Genetic Testing Patents

8 Colum. Sci. & Tech. L. Rev. 119 (2007)
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 18 Aug 2013 Last Revised: 03 Apr 2016
W. Nicholson Price II
University of Michigan Law School
Downloads 40 (470,888)

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Genetic testing, ethnic genetic testing, personalized medicine

25.

Regulatory Responses to Medical Machine Learning

Regulatory responses to medical machine learning. / Minssen, Timo; Gerke, Sara; Aboy, Mateo; Price II, William Nicholson; Cohen, Glenn, 2020, Journal of Law and the Biosciences, Vol. 7, No. 1, 04.2020, p. 1-18. , DOI: 10.1093/jlb/lsaa002
Posted: 14 Aug 2020
Timo Minssen, Sara Gerke, Mateo Aboy, W. Nicholson Price II and I. Glenn Cohen
University of Copenhagen - Centre for Advanced Studies in Biomedical Innovation Law (CeBIL) - Faculty of Law, Harvard University - Petrie-Flom Center for Health Law Policy, Biotechnology, and Bioethics, LML, University of Cambridge, University of Michigan Law School and Harvard Law School

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26.

Shadow Health Records Meet New Data Privacy Laws

Science, Vol. 363, No. 6426, 01.02.2019, p. 448-450., U of Colorado Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 19-13
Posted: 25 Apr 2019 Last Revised: 16 Jul 2020
University of Michigan Law School, University of Michigan at Ann Arbor - Medical School, University of Copenhagen - Centre for Advanced Studies in Biomedical Innovation Law (CeBIL) - Faculty of Law and University of Colorado Law School

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