Stephen Kruger

Independent

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

32

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Scholarly Papers (32)

1.

Firearms Rights and a Draft Concealable Firearms Statute

Number of pages: 26 Posted: 02 Jul 2009 Last Revised: 06 Nov 2014
Stephen Kruger
Independent
Downloads 198 (191,120)
Citation 1

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collectivism, common law, culture war, DNA, fingerprints, individualism, public safety, self defense, soccer, social-security number, United Nations

2.

How to Interpret, and Not Interpret, Hong Kong Law

Number of pages: 29 Posted: 15 Aug 2009 Last Revised: 22 Mar 2017
Stephen Kruger
Independent
Downloads 128 (274,539)

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Brown v Stott, common law, Heaney, O’Halloran, Latker, Legislative Council, Magistrates' Court, plain meaning, proportionality test, purposive interpretation, self-incrimination

3.

The Nature of the Judicial Process

Number of pages: 15 Posted: 15 Aug 2009 Last Revised: 17 Feb 2013
Stephen Kruger
Independent
Downloads 85 (361,669)

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article III, article V, constitution, interpretation, justices, Supreme Court

4.

Documentary Identification in the Nascent American Police State

Number of pages: 23 Posted: 28 Mar 2012 Last Revised: 15 May 2014
Stephen Kruger
Independent
Downloads 82 (369,593)

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grand jury, Hiibel, identity card, REAL ID Act, Roosevelt, Terry, World War II

5.

How to Rid the United States of Anchor Babies

Number of pages: 18 Posted: 09 Sep 2015 Last Revised: 30 Sep 2015
Stephen Kruger
Independent
Downloads 72 (397,970)

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Andrew Johnson, Civil Rights Act of 1866, Dred Scott v. Sandford, Elk v. Wilkins, illegal alien, Minor v. Happersett, Plyler v. Doe, Slaughter-House Cases, United States v. Wong Kim Ark, War Between the States

6.

The Decennial Census

Number of pages: 50 Posted: 16 Jan 2012 Last Revised: 08 Mar 2017
Stephen Kruger
Independent
Downloads 69 (407,314)

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Census Bureau, Congress of the Confederation, Federalist Papers, Franklin, Madison, New Jersey Plan, privacy, Senate, Virginia Plan

7.

Civil Motor-Vehicle Infractions: Massachusetts

Number of pages: 17 Posted: 06 Apr 2012 Last Revised: 25 May 2012
Stephen Kruger
Independent
Downloads 67 (413,700)

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Article XV, civil motor vehicle infraction, civil traffic action, Fourth Amendment, Mongardi, noncriminal traffic infraction, routine traffic stop, traffic infraction, traffic stop

8.

Police Demands for Hong Kong Identity Cards

Number of pages: 18 Posted: 15 Aug 2009 Last Revised: 22 Jul 2020
Stephen Kruger
Independent
Downloads 67 (413,700)

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arbitrary, Basic Law, Bill of Rights Ordinance, capricious, due process, freedom of movement, identification card, identity card, Law Reform Commission, von Hayek

9.

On American Semi-Totalitarianism

Number of pages: 13 Posted: 21 May 2013 Last Revised: 01 Aug 2014
Stephen Kruger
Independent
Downloads 66 (417,045)

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courts, educrats, habeas corpus, limited government, Miranda, national emergency, Patriots Day, terrorism, university, Weimar Republic

10.

New Preamble and New Rights Article for the New York Constitution

Number of pages: 40 Posted: 08 Aug 2012 Last Revised: 16 Feb 2019
Stephen Kruger
Independent
Downloads 65 (420,273)

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common law, Court of Appeals, eminent domain, Federalists, Goldstein, Kaur, Marshall, publican, Second Amendment, Supreme Court, 1777, 1821, 1846, 1894, 1938

11.

New Judiciary Article for the New York Constitution

Number of pages: 64 Posted: 17 Aug 2009 Last Revised: 16 Feb 2019
Stephen Kruger
Independent
Downloads 63 (427,059)
Citation 1

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city court, civil court, county court, criminal court, district court, judicial conduct, jury trial, justice court, Trial Division, village court

12.

Implied Consent and Other Constitutional Frauds

Number of pages: 8 Posted: 02 Apr 2012 Last Revised: 19 May 2012
Stephen Kruger
Independent
Downloads 58 (444,759)

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Fourteenth Amendment, Messerschmidt, profile, Sokolow, Wardlow

13.

New York Judicial Compensation: 2015

Number of pages: 34 Posted: 08 Apr 2015 Last Revised: 12 Nov 2015
Stephen Kruger
Independent
Downloads 53 (463,292)

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administrative agency, Appellate Division, Chapter 60, Chapter 567, Commission on Judicial Nomination, Court of Appeals, Gift and Loan Clause, grievance politics, Maron v. Silver, Supreme Court

14.

Governmental Fiscal Prudence, Writ Constitutionally

Number of pages: 16 Posted: 15 Aug 2009 Last Revised: 13 May 2016
Stephen Kruger
Independent
Downloads 53 (463,292)

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Brutus, Cain, Cyprus, deficit, flat tax, Forbes, Gingrich, Heritage Foundation, instrumentality, national debt, Sixteenth Amendment

15.

Gilbert and Sullivan for Lawyers

Number of pages: 22 Posted: 18 Aug 2013 Last Revised: 12 Dec 2014
Stephen Kruger
Independent
Downloads 51 (471,315)

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copyright, D’Oyly Carte, Dred Scott, Federalist Papers, jury trial, Lochner, Plessy, Pooh-Bah, Roe v. Wade, Scalia, Texas v. Johnson, Thomas, West Coast Hotel, Windsor

16.

New Local Governments Article for the New York Constitution

Number of pages: 18 Posted: 07 Aug 2012 Last Revised: 25 May 2014
Stephen Kruger
Independent
Downloads 51 (471,315)

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alderman, city, councilor, district attorney, local government, MTA, NYC, NYS, public authority, sheriff, state government, village

17.

Supreme Courts as Courts of General Original Jurisdiction

Number of pages: 8 Posted: 17 Dec 2009 Last Revised: 02 Apr 2013
Stephen Kruger
Independent
Downloads 50 (475,284)

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Australia, Canada, England and Wales, Hong Kong, New Zealand, overseas territory, Palau, Privy Council, Singapore

18.

Eight New Articles for the New York Constitution

Number of pages: 30 Posted: 19 Jun 2017
Stephen Kruger
Independent
Downloads 45 (496,500)

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amendment, authority, canal, conservation, compact, corporation, defense, education, Gift and Loan Clause, housing, instrumentality, local finance, public officer, state finance, social welfare, subdivision, taxation

19.

The Closed Nature of the 'Open-Access' SSRN

Number of pages: 7 Posted: 14 Aug 2013 Last Revised: 28 Aug 2015
Stephen Kruger
Independent
Downloads 37 (533,946)

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bailment, censorship, conversion, copyright, economics, history, humanities, law, Mearsheimer, samizdat, search engine, social sciences, Walt

20.

Corpulent Paychecks for New York Judges and Justices

Number of pages: 19 Posted: 24 Aug 2009 Last Revised: 21 Aug 2014
Stephen Kruger
Independent
Downloads 37 (533,946)

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Appellate Division, Chapter 567, judicature, judicial conduct, judiciary, Lippman, Superior Court, Supreme Court, Wachtler

21.

'Cry 'Havoc',' and Win the 2016 Election

Number of pages: 29 Posted: 28 Mar 2013 Last Revised: 23 Feb 2016
Stephen Kruger
Independent
Downloads 36 (539,063)

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abortion, American exceptionalism, foreign aid, foreign policy, immigration, international trade, limited government, marriage, Obama, Romney, rule of law, taxation, totalitarianism, West

22.

Lawyer-Paid Client-Compensation Funds

Number of pages: 5 Posted: 17 Aug 2009 Last Revised: 17 Dec 2013
Stephen Kruger
Independent
Downloads 35 (544,279)

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Board of Bar Examiners, Character Committee, client compensation, client protection, Clients’ Security Trust Fund, fidelity fund, In re Reed, Judiciary Law, Lawyers’ Fund, Lawyers’ Funds, Matter of Member of the Bar, Supreme Court, 468-b

23.

New Legislature Article for the New York Constitution

Number of pages: 37 Posted: 02 Sep 2012 Last Revised: 24 Dec 2014
Stephen Kruger
Independent
Downloads 34 (549,616)

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bicameralism, Brown v. Thomson, citizen-legislator, enacting clause, incorporation by reference, national emergency, private bill, quorum, Reynolds v. Sims, term limits, unicameralism, voting

24.

Preclusion of Sociological Policing

Number of pages: 17 Posted: 18 Apr 2013 Last Revised: 04 Sep 2014
Stephen Kruger
Independent
Downloads 31 (565,885)

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China, Cortez, grand jury, Hong Kong, jury nullification, petit jury, Sokolow, stop, stop and frisk, Swartz, United States attorney, targeting, Zenger

25.

Firearms Rights and the Primary Law: United Kingdom

Number of pages: 11 Posted: 05 Sep 2014
Stephen Kruger
Independent
Downloads 30 (571,667)

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collectivism, common law, culture war, football, guns, individualism, Obama, primary law, public safety, self defence, United Nations, weapon

26.

Lawyer Registration in New York: 2015

Number of pages: 8 Posted: 01 May 2015 Last Revised: 12 Nov 2015
Stephen Kruger
Independent
Downloads 22 (623,158)

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attorney registration, Bar number, Judiciary Law, lawyer registration, Office of Court Administration, Privacy Act, pro bono, War on Poverty, § 468-a

27.

New Suffrage Article for the New York Constitution

Number of pages: 11 Posted: 06 Oct 2012 Last Revised: 18 Mar 2013
Stephen Kruger
Independent
Downloads 20 (637,157)

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Duverger, first past the post, general election, plurality, primary election, special election, suffrage

28.

New Executive Article for the New York Constitution

Number of pages: 10 Posted: 18 Sep 2012 Last Revised: 22 Mar 2013
Stephen Kruger
Independent
Downloads 20 (637,157)

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election, executive authority, lieutenant governor, override, pardon, vacancy, veto

29.

New Officers and Civil Departments Article for the New York Constitution

Number of pages: 6 Posted: 20 Sep 2012 Last Revised: 22 Mar 2013
Stephen Kruger
Independent
Downloads 19 (644,318)

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attorney general, controller, governor, joint ballot, lieutenant governor, other offices

30.

Valedictory

Number of pages: 33 Posted: 15 Jul 2013 Last Revised: 19 Jul 2013
Stephen Kruger
Independent
Downloads 18 (651,444)

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administrative state, article I, article II, article III, Carnival Cruise Lines, federal rules, fourth branch, international community, international law, legal profession, Leviathan, limited government, Obama, Opp Cotton Mills, Progressivism, Roosevelt, Rule of Law, Weidman

31.

McCutcheon and Revision of Voting by Supreme Court Justices

Number of pages: 17 Posted: 25 Apr 2014
Stephen Kruger
Independent
Downloads 15 (673,323)

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Arizona, Austin, Boumediene, Buckley, Citizens United, Davis, First Amendment, Kennedy, McCreary County, McConnell, O’Connor, Roe v. Wade, Ten Commandments, Texas v. Johnson, Van Orden, Wisconsin

32.

Fixing the Froward Court

Number of pages: 3 Posted: 03 May 2013 Last Revised: 05 May 2013
Stephen Kruger
Independent
Downloads 8 (727,722)

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Boumediene v. Bush, Constitution, Hamilton, Jefferson, Korematsu, living Constitution, Marshall, Originalism, Roe v. Wade, Taney, Texas v. Johnson

Other Papers (8)

Total Downloads: 224
1.

Four Essays About the Circumstances of Israel

Number of pages: 27 Posted: 13 Aug 2009 Last Revised: 16 Feb 2019
Stephen Kruger
Independent
Downloads 100 (295,410)

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Aza, Chesler, Esther, Gaza, Geller, International Community, International Law, Judenfrei, Judenrein, Kurdistan, Sanhedrin, Two-State Solution

2.

A Packet of Purported Legal Humor

Number of pages: 23 Posted: 29 May 2012 Last Revised: 01 Oct 2015
Stephen Kruger
Independent
Downloads 69

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appeal, attorney, barrister, court, law school, lawyer, legal profession, rule of law, solicitor

3.

'The New Colossus' and Immigration: 2017

Number of pages: 20 Posted: 26 Apr 2016 Last Revised: 30 Apr 2017
Stephen Kruger
Independent
Downloads 25

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American exceptionalism, Arizona v. United States, Bedloe’s Island, Chinese Exclusion Case, Ellis Island, Enoch Powell, Immigration and Nationality Act, islamophobia, Obama, Romeike

4.

Memorandum to the President-Elect

Number of pages: 11 Posted: 12 May 2016 Last Revised: 15 May 2017
Stephen Kruger
Independent
Downloads 17

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administration, Arizona v. United States, Chinese Exclusion Case, Clinton, Congress, Cruz, Electoral College, Kaine, Pence, Trump

5.

History Improved

Number of pages: 4 Posted: 17 Mar 2016
Stephen Kruger
Independent
Downloads 6

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Clinton, concentration camps, Drummont, Marshall, Marx, Obama, Pope Pius XII, Romney, Roosevelt, Wagner, War Between the States, West

6.

Presidential Quadrenniums

Number of pages: 7 Posted: 10 Dec 2020
Stephen Kruger
Independent
Downloads 3

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administration, election day, electoral college, electors, Inauguration Day, joint session, oath of office, 17th Amendment, 23rd Amendment, 26th Amendment

7.

The Israeli Government and the Jewish People: 2017

Number of pages: 3 Posted: 18 Jul 2017 Last Revised: 16 Feb 2019
Stephen Kruger
Independent
Downloads 2

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Balfour Declaration, Jewish National Home in Palestine, San Remo Conference, Temple Mount, Treaty of Sèvres

8.

New Treaties for Old

Number of pages: 2 Posted: 20 Jun 2017 Last Revised: 26 Jul 2017
Stephen Kruger
Independent
Downloads 2

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Christianity, Christian heritage, Dulles, Gorka, Islam, Trump