Stephen Kruger

Independent

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

32

DOWNLOADS
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1,285

CITATIONS

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Scholarly Papers (32)

1.

Firearms Rights and a Draft Concealable Firearms Statute

Number of pages: 26 Posted: 02 Jul 2009 Last Revised: 06 Nov 2014
Stephen Kruger
Independent
Downloads 183 (130,193)

Abstract:

collectivism, common law, culture war, DNA, fingerprints, individualism, public safety, self defense, soccer, social-security number, United Nations

2.

How to Interpret, and Not Interpret, Hong Kong Law

Number of pages: 29 Posted: 15 Aug 2009 Last Revised: 22 Mar 2017
Stephen Kruger
Independent
Downloads 85 (206,845)

Abstract:

Brown v Stott, common law, Heaney, O’Halloran, Latker, Legislative Council, Magistrates' Court, plain meaning, proportionality test, purposive interpretation, self-incrimination

3.

The Nature of the Judicial Process

Number of pages: 15 Posted: 15 Aug 2009 Last Revised: 17 Feb 2013
Stephen Kruger
Independent
Downloads 52 (298,333)

Abstract:

article III, article V, constitution, interpretation, justices, Supreme Court

4.

Documentary Identification in the Nascent American Police State

Number of pages: 23 Posted: 28 Mar 2012 Last Revised: 15 May 2014
Stephen Kruger
Independent
Downloads 51 (286,261)

Abstract:

grand jury, Hiibel, identity card, REAL ID Act, Roosevelt, Terry, World War II

5.

Civil Motor-Vehicle Infractions: Massachusetts

Number of pages: 17 Posted: 06 Apr 2012 Last Revised: 25 May 2012
Stephen Kruger
Independent
Downloads 47 (308,783)

Abstract:

Article XV, civil motor vehicle infraction, civil traffic action, Fourth Amendment, Mongardi, noncriminal traffic infraction, routine traffic stop, traffic infraction, traffic stop

6.

Implied Consent and Other Constitutional Frauds

Number of pages: 8 Posted: 02 Apr 2012 Last Revised: 19 May 2012
Stephen Kruger
Independent
Downloads 45 (311,490)

Abstract:

Fourteenth Amendment, Messerschmidt, profile, Sokolow, Wardlow

7.

Supreme Courts as Courts of General Original Jurisdiction

Number of pages: 8 Posted: 17 Dec 2009 Last Revised: 02 Apr 2013
Stephen Kruger
Independent
Downloads 41 (344,054)

Abstract:

Australia, Canada, England and Wales, Hong Kong, New Zealand, overseas territory, Palau, Privy Council, Singapore

8.

New Judiciary Article for the New York Constitution

Number of pages: 70 Posted: 17 Aug 2009 Last Revised: 09 Nov 2014
Stephen Kruger
Independent
Downloads 38 (328,701)

Abstract:

city court, civil court, county court, criminal court, district court, judicial conduct, jury trial, justice court, Trial Division, village court

9.

Governmental Fiscal Prudence, Writ Constitutionally

Number of pages: 16 Posted: 15 Aug 2009 Last Revised: 13 May 2016
Stephen Kruger
Independent
Downloads 37 (325,782)

Abstract:

Brutus, Cain, Cyprus, deficit, flat tax, Forbes, Gingrich, Heritage Foundation, instrumentality, national debt, Sixteenth Amendment

10.

Police Demands for Hong Kong Identity Cards

Number of pages: 19 Posted: 15 Aug 2009 Last Revised: 10 Mar 2017
Stephen Kruger
Independent
Downloads 33 (344,054)

Abstract:

arbitrary, Bill of Rights, capricious, due process, freedom of movement, identification card, identity card, Law Reform Commission, von Hayek

11.

New Preamble and New Rights Article for the New York Constitution

Number of pages: 46 Posted: 08 Aug 2012 Last Revised: 25 Sep 2014
Stephen Kruger
Independent
Downloads 31 (334,699)

Abstract:

common law, Court of Appeals, eminent domain, Federalists, Goldstein, Kaur, Marshall, publican, Second Amendment, Supreme Court, 1777, 1821, 1846, 1894, 1938

12.

Lawyer-Paid Client-Compensation Funds

Number of pages: 5 Posted: 17 Aug 2009 Last Revised: 17 Dec 2013
Stephen Kruger
Independent
Downloads 31 (375,341)

Abstract:

Board of Bar Examiners, Character Committee, client compensation, client protection, Clients’ Security Trust Fund, fidelity fund, In re Reed, Judiciary Law, Lawyers’ Fund, Lawyers’ Funds, Matter of Member of the Bar, Supreme Court, 468-b

13.

New York Judicial Compensation: 2015

Number of pages: 34 Posted: 08 Apr 2015 Last Revised: 12 Nov 2015
Stephen Kruger
Independent
Downloads 30 (328,701)

Abstract:

administrative agency, Appellate Division, Chapter 60, Chapter 567, Commission on Judicial Nomination, Court of Appeals, Gift and Loan Clause, grievance politics, Maron v. Silver, Supreme Court

14.

Corpulent Paychecks for New York Judges and Justices

Number of pages: 19 Posted: 24 Aug 2009 Last Revised: 21 Aug 2014
Stephen Kruger
Independent
Downloads 29 (367,911)

Abstract:

Appellate Division, Chapter 567, judicature, judicial conduct, judiciary, Lippman, Superior Court, Supreme Court, Wachtler

15.

Gilbert and Sullivan for Lawyers

Number of pages: 22 Posted: 18 Aug 2013 Last Revised: 12 Dec 2014
Stephen Kruger
Independent
Downloads 28 (364,342)

Abstract:

copyright, D’Oyly Carte, Dred Scott, Federalist Papers, jury trial, Lochner, Plessy, Pooh-Bah, Roe v. Wade, Scalia, Texas v. Johnson, Thomas, West Coast Hotel, Windsor

16.

New Local Governments Article for the New York Constitution

Number of pages: 18 Posted: 07 Aug 2012 Last Revised: 25 May 2014
Stephen Kruger
Independent
Downloads 27 (360,823)

Abstract:

alderman, city, councilor, district attorney, local government, MTA, NYC, NYS, public authority, sheriff, state government, village

17.

The Decennial Census

Number of pages: 50 Posted: 16 Jan 2012 Last Revised: 08 Mar 2017
Stephen Kruger
Independent
Downloads 25 (375,341)

Abstract:

Census Bureau, Congress of the Confederation, Federalist Papers, Franklin, Madison, New Jersey Plan, privacy, Senate, Virginia Plan

18.

On American Semi-Totalitarianism

Number of pages: 13 Posted: 21 May 2013 Last Revised: 01 Aug 2014
Stephen Kruger
Independent
Downloads 23 (383,152)

Abstract:

courts, educrats, habeas corpus, limited government, Miranda, national emergency, Patriots Day, terrorism, university, Weimar Republic

19.

Preclusion of Sociological Policing

Number of pages: 17 Posted: 18 Apr 2013 Last Revised: 04 Sep 2014
Stephen Kruger
Independent
Downloads 22 (409,849)

Abstract:

China, Cortez, grand jury, Hong Kong, jury nullification, petit jury, Sokolow, stop, stop and frisk, Swartz, United States attorney, targeting, Zenger

20.

The Closed Nature of the 'Open-Access' SSRN

Number of pages: 7 Posted: 14 Aug 2013 Last Revised: 28 Aug 2015
Stephen Kruger
Independent
Downloads 21 (387,273)

Abstract:

bailment, censorship, conversion, copyright, economics, history, humanities, law, Mearsheimer, samizdat, search engine, social sciences, Walt

21.

New Legislature Article for the New York Constitution

Number of pages: 37 Posted: 02 Sep 2012 Last Revised: 24 Dec 2014
Stephen Kruger
Independent
Downloads 18 (387,273)

Abstract:

bicameralism, Brown v. Thomson, citizen-legislator, enacting clause, incorporation by reference, national emergency, private bill, quorum, Reynolds v. Sims, term limits, unicameralism, voting

22.

Eight New Articles for the New York Constitution

Number of pages: 30 Posted: 23 Oct 2012 Last Revised: 16 Apr 2015
Stephen Kruger
Independent
Downloads 15 (387,273)

Abstract:

amendment, authority, canal, conservation, compact, corporation, defense, education, Gift and Loan Clause, housing, instrumentality, local finance, public officer, state finance, social welfare, subdivision, taxation

23.

'Cry 'Havoc',' and Win the 2016 Election

Number of pages: 29 Posted: 28 Mar 2013 Last Revised: 23 Feb 2016
Stephen Kruger
Independent
Downloads 14 (383,152)

Abstract:

abortion, American exceptionalism, foreign aid, foreign policy, immigration, international trade, limited government, marriage, Obama, Romney, rule of law, taxation, totalitarianism, West

24.

Firearms Rights and the Primary Law: United Kingdom

Number of pages: 11 Posted: 05 Sep 2014
Stephen Kruger
Independent
Downloads 12 (450,494)

Abstract:

collectivism, common law, culture war, football, guns, individualism, Obama, primary law, public safety, self defence, United Nations, weapon

25.

Valedictory

Number of pages: 33 Posted: 15 Jul 2013 Last Revised: 19 Jul 2013
Stephen Kruger
Independent
Downloads 9 (476,058)

Abstract:

administrative state, article I, article II, article III, Carnival Cruise Lines, federal rules, fourth branch, international community, international law, legal profession, Leviathan, limited government, Obama, Opp Cotton Mills, Progressivism, Roosevelt, Rule of Law, Weidman

26.

McCutcheon and Revision of Voting by Supreme Court Justices

Number of pages: 17 Posted: 25 Apr 2014
Stephen Kruger
Independent
Downloads 7 (486,264)

Abstract:

Arizona, Austin, Boumediene, Buckley, Citizens United, Davis, First Amendment, Kennedy, McCreary County, McConnell, O’Connor, Roe v. Wade, Ten Commandments, Texas v. Johnson, Van Orden, Wisconsin

27.

New Officers and Civil Departments Article for the New York Constitution

Number of pages: 6 Posted: 20 Sep 2012 Last Revised: 22 Mar 2013
Stephen Kruger
Independent
Downloads 7 (465,889)

Abstract:

attorney general, controller, governor, joint ballot, lieutenant governor, other offices

28.

New Suffrage Article for the New York Constitution

Number of pages: 11 Posted: 06 Oct 2012 Last Revised: 18 Mar 2013
Stephen Kruger
Independent
Downloads 5 (476,058)

Abstract:

Duverger, first past the post, general election, plurality, primary election, special election, suffrage

29.

Fixing the Froward Court

Number of pages: 3 Posted: 03 May 2013 Last Revised: 05 May 2013
Stephen Kruger
Independent
Downloads 4 (504,829)

Abstract:

Boumediene v. Bush, Constitution, Hamilton, Jefferson, Korematsu, living Constitution, Marshall, Originalism, Roe v. Wade, Taney, Texas v. Johnson

30.

New Executive Article for the New York Constitution

Number of pages: 10 Posted: 18 Sep 2012 Last Revised: 22 Mar 2013
Stephen Kruger
Independent
Downloads 4 (481,176)

Abstract:

election, executive authority, lieutenant governor, override, pardon, vacancy, veto

31.

Lawyer Registration in New York: 2015

Number of pages: 8 Posted: 01 May 2015 Last Revised: 12 Nov 2015
Stephen Kruger
Independent
Downloads 3 (465,889)

Abstract:

attorney registration, Bar number, Judiciary Law, lawyer registration, Office of Court Administration, Privacy Act, pro bono, War on Poverty, § 468-a

32.

How to Rid the United States of Anchor Babies

Number of pages: 18 Posted: 09 Sep 2015 Last Revised: 30 Sep 2015
Stephen Kruger
Independent
Downloads 0 (337,735)

Abstract:

Andrew Johnson, Civil Rights Act of 1866, Dred Scott v. Sandford, Elk v. Wilkins, illegal alien, Minor v. Happersett, Plyler v. Doe, Slaughter-House Cases, United States v. Wong Kim Ark, War Between the States

Other Papers (5)

Total Downloads: 176    Citations: 0
1.

A Packet of Purported Legal Humor

Number of pages: 23 Posted: 29 May 2012 Last Revised: 01 Oct 2015
Stephen Kruger
Independent
Downloads 24 (341,790)

Abstract:

appeal, attorney, barrister, court, law school, lawyer, legal profession, rule of law, solicitor

2.

A Trilogy of Essays About the Circumstances of Israel: 2016

Number of pages: 25 Posted: 13 Aug 2009 Last Revised: 03 Apr 2017
Stephen Kruger
Independent
Downloads 22 (295,410)

Abstract:

Aza, Esther, Gaza, international community, international law, judenfrei, judenrein, Kurdistan, Sanhedrin, two-state solution

3.

Memorandum to the President-Elect

Number of pages: 12 Posted: 12 May 2016 Last Revised: 29 Aug 2016
Stephen Kruger
Independent
Downloads 0

Abstract:

administration, Arizona v. United States, Chinese Exclusion Case, Clinton, Congress, Cruz, Electoral College, Kaine, Pence, Trump

4.

'The New Colossus' and Immigration: 2017

Number of pages: 20 Posted: 26 Apr 2016 Last Revised: 27 Mar 2017
Stephen Kruger
Independent
Downloads 0

Abstract:

American exceptionalism, Arizona v. United States, Bedloe’s Island, Chinese Exclusion Case, Ellis Island, Enoch Powell, Immigration and Nationality Act, islamophobia, Obama, Romeike

5.

History Improved

Number of pages: 4 Posted: 17 Mar 2016
Stephen Kruger
Independent
Downloads 0

Abstract:

Clinton, concentration camps, Drummont, Marshall, Marx, Obama, Pope Pius XII, Romney, Roosevelt, Wagner, War Between the States, West