Laurence R. Helfer

Duke University School of Law

Harry R. Chadwick, Sr. Professor of Law

210 Science Dr.

Box 90360

Durham, NC 27708

United States

http://law.duke.edu/fac/helfer/

University of Copenhagen - iCourts - Centre of Excellence for International Courts

Permanent Visiting Professor

University of Copenhagen Faculty of Law

Karen Blixens Plads 16

Copenhagen S, DK-2300

Denmark

http://jura.ku.dk/icourts/

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

62

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33,407

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101

CROSSREF CITATIONS

331

Scholarly Papers (62)

1.

Human Rights and Intellectual Property: Conflict or Coexistence?

Minnesota Journal of Law, Science & Technology, Vol. 5, p. 47, 2003
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 15 Oct 2003
Laurence R. Helfer
Duke University School of Law
Downloads 5,054 (1,655)
Citation 9

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2.

Regime Shifting: The Trips Agreement and New Dynamics of International Intellectual Property Lawmaking

Yale Journal of International Law, Vol. 29, p. 1, 2004
Number of pages: 84 Posted: 21 Oct 2003
Laurence R. Helfer
Duke University School of Law
Downloads 3,309 (3,450)
Citation 82

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3.

Toward a Human Rights Framework for Intellectual Property

U.C. Davis Law Review, Vol. 40, p. 971, 2007
Number of pages: 51 Posted: 21 Mar 2006
Laurence R. Helfer
Duke University School of Law
Downloads 2,271 (6,518)
Citation 1

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4.

Human Rights and Intellectual Property: Mapping the Global Interface

Cambridge University Press, 2011
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 20 May 2010 Last Revised: 12 Oct 2017
Laurence R. Helfer and Graeme W. Austin
Duke University School of Law and Victoria University of Wellington
Downloads 1,396 (14,452)

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human rights, civil and political rights, economic, social and cultural rights, right to health, intellectual property, TRIPS agreement, authors' rights, copyright, patent, trademark, pharmaceuticals, indigenous peoples, WTO, education, conflict of international laws

5.

The New Innovation Frontier? Intellectual Property and the European Court of Human Rights

Harvard International Law Journal, Vol. 49, p.1, 2008
Number of pages: 53 Posted: 01 Apr 2007
Laurence R. Helfer
Duke University School of Law
Downloads 1,347 (15,228)
Citation 2

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intellectual property, trademarks, patents, copyrights, human rights, property rights, European Convention on Human Rights, European Court of Human Rights, international courts, international tribunals

6.

International Courts as Agents of Legal Change: Evidence from LGBT Rights in Europe

68:1 International Organization 77-110 (2014)
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 24 May 2011 Last Revised: 25 Dec 2014
Laurence R. Helfer and Erik Voeten
Duke University School of Law and Georgetown University - Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service (SFS)
Downloads 1,297 (16,165)
Citation 26

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human rights, European Court of Human Rights, ECHR, ECtHR, European Union, gay, lesbian, transgender, international courts, international tribunals, conditionality, judicial lawmaking

Redesigning the European Court of Human Rights: Embeddedness as a Deep Structural Principle of the European Human Rights Regime

European Journal of International Law, Vol. 19, p. 125, 2008
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 18 Oct 2007
Laurence R. Helfer
Duke University School of Law
Downloads 928 (26,078)
Citation 3

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European Convention on Human Rights, European Court of Human Rights, international courts, international tribunals, Council of Europe, docket crisis, institutional reforms, subsidiary, embeddedness

Redesigning the European Court of Human Rights: Embeddedness as a Deep Structural Principle of the European Human Rights Regime

European Journal of International Law, Vol. 19, Issue 1, pp. 125-159, 2008
Posted: 22 Jun 2008
Laurence R. Helfer
Duke University School of Law

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8.

Designing Non-National Systems: The Case of the Uniform Domain Name Dispute Resolution Policy

William & Mary Law Review, Vol. 43, p. 141, 2001
Number of pages: 134 Posted: 29 Jun 2001
Laurence R. Helfer and Graeme B. Dinwoodie
Duke University School of Law and Chicago-Kent College of Law
Downloads 864 (29,354)
Citation 4

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9.

Why States Create International Tribunals: A Response to Professors Posner and Yoo

California Law Review, Vol. 93, p. 899, 2005
Number of pages: 59 Posted: 22 Feb 2005
Laurence R. Helfer and Anne-Marie Slaughter
Duke University School of Law and Princeton University - Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs
Downloads 776 (34,177)
Citation 3

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International Law and Trade, Dispute Resolution

10.

Emergency and Escape: Explaining Derogation from Human Rights Treaties

International Organization, Vol. 65, p. 673, Fall 2011
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 09 Jun 2010 Last Revised: 20 Feb 2015
UCSD School of Global Policy and Strategy, Duke University School of Law and University of Michigan at Ann Arbor - Department of Political Science
Downloads 682 (40,659)
Citation 2

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International Law, Human Rights, Treaties, Flexibility, Derogation, Compliance, Emergencies, Crises, ICCPR

11.

Collective Management of Copyright and Human Rights: An Uneasy Alliance

COLLECTIVE MANAGEMENT OF COPYRIGHT AND RELATED RIGHTS, pp. 85-114, Daniel J. Gervais, ed., Kluwer Law International, 2006
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 05 Oct 2005
Laurence R. Helfer
Duke University School of Law
Downloads 667 (41,871)

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12.

International Dispute Settlement at the Trademark-Domain Name Interface

29 Pepp. L. Rev. 87 2001-2002
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 04 Apr 2001 Last Revised: 11 Apr 2015
Laurence R. Helfer
Duke University School of Law
Downloads 659 (42,563)
Citation 1

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13.

Understanding Change in International Organizations: Globalization and Innovation in the Ilo

Vanderbilt Law Review, Vol. 59, p. 649, 2006
Number of pages: 79 Posted: 12 May 2006
Laurence R. Helfer
Duke University School of Law
Downloads 654 (43,021)

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labor, labour, international organizations, treaties, international law, ILO, international labor organization, director general

14.

Populism and International Human Rights Institutions: A Survival Guide

Human Rights in a Time of Populism: Challenges and Responses 218-249 (Gerald L. Neuman, ed. 2020 Forthcoming)
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 10 Jul 2018 Last Revised: 08 May 2020
Laurence R. Helfer
Duke University School of Law
Downloads 618 (46,340)
Citation 2

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International, Human, Rights, Courts, Institutions, Populism, Law, Backlash, Politics, Survival, Strategies

15.

Human Rights and Intellectual Property: Mapping an Evolving and Contested Relationship

Forthcoming in The Oxford Handbook of Intellectual Property Law (Rochelle C. Dreyfuss & Justine Pila eds, 2018)
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 06 Sep 2016 Last Revised: 31 Jan 2018
Laurence R. Helfer
Duke University School of Law
Downloads 612 (46,940)
Citation 2

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Intellectual property, IP, human rights, economic and social rights, TRIPS, TRIPS Plus, Marrakesh Treaty, IP ceilings, treaty bodies, WIPO, WTO, international regimes, regime shifting, backlash

16.

Exiting Treaties

Virginia Law Review, Vol. 91, p. 1579, 2005
Number of pages: 71 Posted: 11 Mar 2005
Laurence R. Helfer
Duke University School of Law
Downloads 610 (47,145)
Citation 1

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International Law and Trade, Law Institutions and Development, Law and Economics

17.

How Context Shapes the Authority of International Courts

79:1 Law & Contemporary Problems 1-36 (2016).
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 07 Mar 2015 Last Revised: 16 Nov 2018
Karen J. Alter, Laurence R. Helfer and Mikael Madsen
Northwestern University - Department of Political Science, Duke University School of Law and University of Copenhagen - iCourts - Centre of Excellence for International Courts
Downloads 601 (48,078)
Citation 2

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18.

Constitutional Analogies in the International Legal System

Loyola of Los Angeles Law Review, Vol. 37, p. 193, 2003
Number of pages: 45 Posted: 21 Aug 2003
Laurence R. Helfer
Duke University School of Law
Downloads 544 (54,533)
Citation 4

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19.

Overlegalizing Human Rights: International Relations Theory and the Commonwealth Caribbean Backlash Against Human Rights Regimes

Columbia Law Review, Vol. 102, November 2002
Number of pages: 81 Posted: 20 May 2002
Laurence R. Helfer
Duke University School of Law
Downloads 509 (59,335)
Citation 2

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20.

Terminating Treaties

The Oxford Guide to Treaties (Duncan Hollis ed., 2012), pp. 634-650
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 04 Oct 2011 Last Revised: 25 Dec 2014
Laurence R. Helfer
Duke University School of Law
Downloads 506 (59,762)

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21.

Backlash Against International Courts in West, East and Southern Africa: Causes and Consequences

27 European Journal of International Law, 293-328 (2016)
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 10 Apr 2015 Last Revised: 08 Sep 2019
Karen J. Alter, James Thuo Gathii and Laurence R. Helfer
Northwestern University - Department of Political Science, Loyola University Chicago School of Law and Duke University School of Law
Downloads 504 (60,067)
Citation 9

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22.

Intellectual Property Rights in Plant Varieties: International Legal Regimes and Policy Options for National Governments

Food and Agriculture Org. of the United Nations, FAO Legislative Study, No. 85, 2004
Number of pages: 114 Posted: 27 Apr 2005
Laurence R. Helfer
Duke University School of Law
Downloads 489 (62,413)

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23.

Nonconsensual International Lawmaking

University of Illinois Law Review, p. 71, 2008
Number of pages: 57 Posted: 05 Oct 2007 Last Revised: 26 Dec 2014
Laurence R. Helfer
Duke University School of Law
Downloads 475 (64,727)

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international lawmaking, nonconsensual lawmaking, consent, game theory, participation, compliance, UN Security Council, transnational terrorism, global environmental protection, human rights

24.

Theorizing the Judicialization of International Relations

iCourts Working Paper Series
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 20 Nov 2018 Last Revised: 05 Sep 2019
Karen J. Alter, Emilie Marie Hafner-Burton and Laurence R. Helfer
Northwestern University - Department of Political Science, UCSD School of Global Policy and Strategy and Duke University School of Law
Downloads 427 (73,624)
Citation 2

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international courts, international relations, adjudication, delegation, judicialization, international arbitration, litigants, judges, backlash

25.

Nature or Nurture? Judicial Lawmaking in the European Court of Justice and the Andean Tribunal of Justice

International Organization, Vol. 64, No. 4, Fall 2010
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 23 Jun 2009 Last Revised: 02 Sep 2015
Karen J. Alter and Laurence R. Helfer
Downloads 421 (74,887)
Citation 4

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Andean Community, Andean Tribunal, International Courts, International Tribunals, European Court of Justice, European Community, Regional Trade, Regional Integration, International Relations, Administrative State, Administrative Agencies, Judicial Politics, Preliminary References

26.

Toward a Theory of Effective Supranational Adjudication

Yale Law Journal, Vol. 107, No. 2, November 1997
Number of pages: 120 Posted: 25 Sep 1998 Last Revised: 26 Dec 2014
Laurence R. Helfer and Anne-Marie Slaughter
Duke University School of Law and Princeton University - Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs
Downloads 363 (89,004)
Citation 5

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27.

Flexibility in International Agreements

INTERDISCIPLINARY PERSPECTIVES ON INTERNATIONAL LAW AND INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS, Jeffrey Dunoff & Mark A. Pollack, eds., Cambridge University Press, 2013, pp. 175-196
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 19 Sep 2011 Last Revised: 25 Dec 2014
Laurence R. Helfer
Duke University School of Law
Downloads 353 (91,927)

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28.

Not Fully Committed? Reservations, Risk and Treaty Design

Yale Journal of International Law, Vol. 31, p. 367, 2006
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 30 Mar 2006
Laurence R. Helfer
Duke University School of Law
Downloads 352 (92,209)

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international law, treaties, reservations, rational choice

29.

Monitoring Compliance with Un-Ratified Treaties: The ILO Experience

Law and Contemporary Problems, Vol. 71, p.193, 2008
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 25 Jul 2007
Laurence R. Helfer
Duke University School of Law
Downloads 340 (95,865)

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international delegation, international institutions, international organizations, compliance with international law, international labor organization, ILO, international labor law, international monitoring mechanisms

30.

A New International Human Rights Court for West Africa: The ECOWAS Community Court of Justice

107 American Journal of International Law 737-779 (2013)
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 15 Jul 2012 Last Revised: 01 Sep 2015
Karen J. Alter, Laurence R. Helfer and Jacqueline R McAllister
Northwestern University - Department of Political Science, Duke University School of Law and Kenyon College
Downloads 311 (105,744)
Citation 7

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international law, human rights, international courts, Africa, West Africa, ECOWAS, regional integration, civil society mobilization

31.

Transplanting the European Court of Justice: The Experience of the Andean Tribunal of Justice

American Journal of Comparative Law, Vol. 60(3), p.629 (2012)
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 24 Oct 2011 Last Revised: 01 Sep 2015
Karen J. Alter, Laurence R. Helfer and Osvaldo Saldías
Northwestern University - Department of Political Science, Duke University School of Law and Alexander von Humboldt Institute for Internet & Society
Downloads 305 (108,024)
Citation 8

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European community, Andean community, international courts and tribunals, European Court of Justice, Andean tribunal of justice, regional integration, legal transplants, neofunctionalist theory, ideational diffusion

32.

Islands of Effective International Adjudication: Constructing an Intellectual Property Rule of Law in the Andean Community

American Journal of International Law, Vol. 109, 2009
Number of pages: 55 Posted: 26 Nov 2008
Laurence R. Helfer, Karen J. Alter and Florencia Guerzovich
Duke University School of Law, Northwestern University - Department of Political Science and Independent
Downloads 300 (110,005)
Citation 1

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Andean Community, Andean Tribunal, International Courts, International Tribunals, European Court of Justice, Intellectual Property, Trademarks, Patents, Pharmaceuticals, Regional Trade, Regional Integration, International Relations, Institutional Design, Administrative State, Administrative Agency

33.

Pharmaceutical Patents and the Human Right to Health: The Contested Evolution of the Transnational Legal Order on Access to Medicines

Transnational Legal Orders (Terence C. Halliday & Gregory Shaffer, eds. 2015)
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 25 Feb 2016 Last Revised: 27 Apr 2016
Laurence R. Helfer
Duke University School of Law
Downloads 299 (110,388)
Citation 1

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patents, medicines, TRIPS, health, right to health, regime complexity, transnational legal orders

34.

The Effectiveness of International Adjudicators

Oxford Handbook of International Adjudication, Karen J. Alter, Cesare Romano and Yuval Shany, eds., 2013
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 28 Dec 2012 Last Revised: 25 Dec 2014
Laurence R. Helfer
Duke University School of Law
Downloads 283 (117,056)

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international courts, international tribunals, international litigation, effectiveness, compliance, interpretation

35.

Legitimacy and Lawmaking: A Tale of Three International Courts

14 Theoretical Inquiries in Law 479 (2013)
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 30 Sep 2012 Last Revised: 31 Aug 2015
Laurence R. Helfer and Karen J. Alter
Downloads 281 (117,999)

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36.

International Law and the U.S. Common Law of Foreign Official Immunity

Supreme Court Review, p. 213, 2011
Number of pages: 61 Posted: 05 Dec 2010 Last Revised: 21 Dec 2014
Curtis Bradley and Laurence R. Helfer
Duke University School of Law and Duke University School of Law
Downloads 278 (119,307)

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International law, customary international law, CIL, foreign sovereign immunities act, FSIA, foreign official immunity, Executive Branch, jus cogens, international crimes, universal jurisdiction, federal common law, U.S. Supreme Court, Samantar, Alien Tort Statute, ATS, Torture Victim Protection Act

37.

Mediating Interactions in an Expanding International Intellectual Property Regime

Case Western Reserve Journal of International Law, Vol. 36, Fall 2004
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 18 Aug 2004
Laurence R. Helfer
Duke University School of Law
Downloads 270 (122,930)

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International Law & Trade, Intellectual Property, Comparataive Law

38.

Whither the Udrp: Autonomous, Americanized or Cosmopolitan?

Princeton Law & Public Affairs Paper No. 03-10; Loyola-LA Public Law Research Paper No. 17
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 21 Aug 2003
Laurence R. Helfer
Duke University School of Law
Downloads 258 (129,030)
Citation 2

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39.

Customary International Law: An Instrument Choice Perspective

Michigan Journal of International Law, 2016 Vol. 37(4): 563-609
Number of pages: 48 Posted: 23 Oct 2015 Last Revised: 06 Feb 2017
Laurence R. Helfer and Ingrid B. Wuerth
Duke University School of Law and Vanderbilt University - Law School
Downloads 242 (137,591)

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instrument choice; rational choice; customary international law

40.

The Demise and Rebirth of Plant Variety Protection: A Comment on Technological Change and the Design of Plant Variety Protection Regimes

Chicago-Kent Law Review, Vol. 82, p.1619, 2007
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 02 Jan 2007
Laurence R. Helfer
Duke University School of Law
Downloads 238 (139,820)

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intellectual property, plant variety protection, plant breeding, international law, international legal regimes, innovation, technological change

41.

The Andean Tribunal of Justice and its Interlocutors: Understanding Preliminary Reference Patterns in the Andean Community

N.Y.U Journal of International Law and Politics, Vol. 41, p. 871, 2009
Number of pages: 61 Posted: 01 Feb 2009 Last Revised: 02 Sep 2015
Laurence R. Helfer and Karen J. Alter
Downloads 236 (140,960)
Citation 7

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Andean Community, Andean Tribunal, International Courts, International Tribunals, European Court of Justice, European Union, European Community, Intellectual Property, Regional Trade, Regional Integration, International Relations, Administrative State, Administrative Agencies, Judicial Politics

42.

Collective Management of Copyrights and Human Rights: An Uneasy Alliance Revisited

COLLECTIVE MANAGEMENT OF COPYRIGHT AND RELATED RIGHTS, Second Ed., Daniel J. Gervais ed., Kluwer Law International, 2010
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 18 Sep 2009 Last Revised: 25 Dec 2014
Laurence R. Helfer
Duke University School of Law
Downloads 225 (147,678)

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intellectual property, copyright, human rights, creators' rights, authors' rights, Collective Rights Organizations, Collective management organizations, CRO's, collective administration of copyright, neighboring rights

43.

Can Greece Be Expelled from the Eurozone? Toward a Default Rule on Expulsion from International Organizations

Filling the Gaps in Governance: The Case of Europe 127-150 (European University Institute 2016)
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 17 May 2016 Last Revised: 05 Aug 2016
Joseph Blocher, G. Mitu Gulati and Laurence R. Helfer
Duke University School of Law, Duke University School of Law and Duke University School of Law
Downloads 222 (149,636)

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expulsion, treaty, international organizations, withdrawal, international law, eurozone

44.

International Court Authority (Introduction)

International Court Authority, Oxford University Press, ISBN: 9780198795582, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 09 Jan 2018 Last Revised: 01 Mar 2018
Karen J. Alter, Laurence R. Helfer and Mikael Madsen
Northwestern University - Department of Political Science, Duke University School of Law and University of Copenhagen - iCourts - Centre of Excellence for International Courts
Downloads 215 (154,133)

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International Law, Legal Authority, Interdisciplinary Research, Comparative Law, International Courts

45.

The Evolution of Codification: A Principal-Agent Theory of the International Law Commission’s Influence

Custom's Future: International Law in a Changing World (Curtis Bradley ed., 2015 Forthcoming).
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 28 Mar 2015 Last Revised: 27 Jul 2015
Laurence R. Helfer and Timothy Meyer
Duke University School of Law and Vanderbilt University Law School
Downloads 213 (155,515)

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customary international law, treaties, codification, International Law Commission, international organizations

46.

Sub-Regional Courts in Africa: Litigating the Hybrid Right to Freedom of Movement

iCourts Working Paper Series, No. 32
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 30 Aug 2015 Last Revised: 15 Nov 2019
Laurence R. Helfer
Duke University School of Law
Downloads 193 (170,485)
Citation 1

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free movement, international court, Africa, ECOWAS, East African Court of Justice, SADC, human rights, regional integration, African Charter

47.

The World Blind Union Guide to the Marrakesh Treaty: Facilitating Access to Books for Print-Disabled Individuals (Front Matter)

Oxford University Press, 2017 Forthcoming
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 10 Jan 2017
Laurence R. Helfer, Molly K. Land, Ruth Okediji and Jerome H. Reichman
Duke University School of Law, University of Connecticut School of Law, Harvard Law School and Duke University School of Law
Downloads 184 (177,996)
Citation 1

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copyright, intellectual property, IP, exceptions and limitations, Marrakesh Treaty, blind, visual disabilities, print disabilities, international law, Berne Convention, international IP, three-step test, Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, CRPD, treaty interpretation

48.

Exiting Custom: Analogies to Treaty Withdrawals

Duke Journal of Comparative & International Law, vol. 21, p. 65, 2010
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 15 May 2010 Last Revised: 25 Dec 2014
Laurence R. Helfer
Duke University School of Law
Downloads 154 (207,457)

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Customary International Law, Treaties, Withdrawal, Denunciation, Exit, International Agreements, Continuing Obligation, International Cooperation, Opt Out

49.

Treaty Exit and Intra-Branch Conflict at the Interface of International and Domestic Law

Oxford Handbook of Comparative Foreign Relations Law, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 10 Jan 2018 Last Revised: 27 Jun 2018
Laurence R. Helfer
Duke University School of Law
Downloads 151 (210,885)

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international law, domestic law, treaties, treaty withdrawal, treaty denunciation, foreign relations law, exit

50.

The Influence of the Andean Intellectual Property Regime on Access to Medicines in Latin America

BALANCING WEALTH AND HEALTH: GLOBAL ADMINISTRATIVE LAW AND THE BATTLE OVER INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY AND ACCESS TO MEDICINES IN LATIN AMERICA , Rochelle Dreyfuss & César Rodríguez-Garavito, eds. (2013)
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 26 Aug 2011 Last Revised: 01 Sep 2015
Laurence R. Helfer and Karen J. Alter
Downloads 149 (213,268)

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access to medicines, patents, pharmaceuticals, patented medicines, Andean Community, Andean Tribunal of Justice

51.

Legal Integration in the Andes: Law-Making by the Andean Tribunal of Justice

European Law Journal, Vol. 17, No. 5, p.701, 2011
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 10 Feb 2011 Last Revised: 01 Sep 2015
Karen J. Alter and Laurence R. Helfer
Downloads 138 (226,821)

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Andean Community, European Community, International Courts and Tribunals, Judicial Lawmaking, regional integration

52.

Opposing International Justice: Kenya's Integrated Backlash Strategy Against the ICC

iCourts Working Paper Series No. 83
Number of pages: 52 Posted: 19 Dec 2016 Last Revised: 08 Sep 2019
Laurence R. Helfer and Anne Showalter
Duke University School of Law and United States District Court for the Southern District of Florida
Downloads 122 (249,315)
Citation 6

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International Criminal Court, ICC, criminal justice, atrocities, Africa, backlash, post-colonialism, Kenya, African Union

53.

World Music on a Us Stage: A Berne/Trips and Economic Analysis of the Fairness in Music Licensing Act

Boston University Law Review, Vol. 80, p. 93, 2000
Number of pages: 112 Posted: 05 Dec 1999 Last Revised: 26 Dec 2014
Laurence R. Helfer
Duke University School of Law
Downloads 96 (294,682)
Citation 1

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54.

Transplanting International Courts: The Law and Politics of the Andean Tribunal of Justice

Book published by Oxford University Press, this working paper includes the table of contents and introductory chapter of the book.
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 30 Aug 2016 Last Revised: 09 Sep 2019
Karen J. Alter and Laurence R. Helfer
Downloads 95 (296,678)
Citation 5

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International Courts, Preliminary References, Andean Community, Andean, Tribunal of Justice, Regional Integration, European Court of Justice, Intellectual Property, Patented Medicines, Legal Transplants, Jurist Advocacy Networks

55.

Forum Shopping for Human Rights

University of Pennsylvania Law Review, Vol. 148, p. 285, 1999
Number of pages: 116 Posted: 23 Nov 1999 Last Revised: 26 Dec 2014
Laurence R. Helfer
Duke University School of Law
Downloads 71 (353,170)

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56.

Walking Back Human Rights in Europe?

Forthcoming in European Journal of International Law
Number of pages: 44
Laurence R. Helfer and Erik Voeten
Duke University School of Law and Georgetown University - Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service (SFS)
Downloads 71

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European Court of Human Rights, ECtHR, Political Backlash, Human Rights Protection, Interpretation, Minority Opinion

57.

Pushback Against Supervisory Systems: Lessons for the ILO from International Human Rights Institutions

ILO100 – LAW FOR SOCIAL JUSTICE 257-278 (George P. Politakis et al. eds. 2019)
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 13 Aug 2019 Last Revised: 14 Dec 2019
Laurence R. Helfer
Duke University School of Law
Downloads 63 (376,146)

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ILO, international monitoring mechanisms, international labor law, human rights, treaty bodies, supervisory system, pushback, backlash, expansive interpretation

58.

The New Innovation Frontier Revisited: Intellectual Property and the European Court of Human Rights

Intellectual Property and Human Rights, Fourth Edition (Paul L.C. Torremans, ed., Forthcoming 2020)
Number of pages: 60 Posted: 06 Oct 2019 Last Revised: 05 May 2020
Laurence R. Helfer
Duke University School of Law
Downloads 42 (449,938)

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human rights, intellectual property, European Court of Human Rights, right to property

59.

The ILO at 100: Institutional Innovation in an Era of Populism

113 AJIL Unbound 396 (2019)
Number of pages: 6 Posted: 19 Aug 2019 Last Revised: 12 Dec 2019
Laurence R. Helfer
Duke University School of Law
Downloads 36 (475,671)

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ILO, labor, international organizations, populism, work, workplace protections, informal economy, international standard setting, social protection, international economic law

60.

Treaty Exit in the United States: Insights from the United Kingdom or South Africa?

AJIL Unbound, Volume 111, pp. 428-433, 2018
Number of pages: 6 Posted: 12 Jan 2018 Last Revised: 02 Mar 2018
Curtis Bradley and Laurence R. Helfer
Duke University School of Law and Duke University School of Law
Downloads 31 (499,427)

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international law, comparative law, treaties, treaty withdrawal, foreign relations law, exit

61.

Introduction to Symposium on Transnational Futures of International Labor Law

113 AJIL Unbound 385 (2019)
Number of pages: 5 Posted: 17 Jan 2020
Adelle Blackett and Laurence R. Helfer
McGill University - Faculty of Law and Duke University School of Law
Downloads 5 (664,710)

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ILO, international labor organization, transnational law, populism, international organizations, centennial, centenary, worker rights, workplace conditions

62.

Legal Integration in the Andes: Law‐Making by the Andean Tribunal of Justice

European Law Journal, Vol. 17, Issue 5, pp. 701-715, 2011
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 03 Aug 2011
Karen J. Alter and Laurence R. Helfer
Downloads 2 (690,181)
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