Francis X. Shen

Harvard University - Center for Bioethics

641 Huntington Ave.

Boston, MA 02115

United States

Harvard University - Department of Psychiatry

Boston, MA

United States

Harvard University - Harvard Law School

1563 Massachusetts Avenue

Cambridge, MA 02138

United States

MGH Center for Law, Brain & Behavior

55 Fruit Street

Boston, MA 02114

United States

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

35

DOWNLOADS
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21,602

SSRN CITATIONS
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Top 17,511

in Total Papers Citations

18

CROSSREF CITATIONS

43

Scholarly Papers (35)

1.

Battlefield Casualties and Ballot Box Defeat: Did the Bush-Obama Wars Cost Clinton the White House?

Number of pages: 20 Posted: 20 Jun 2017
Douglas L. Kriner and Francis X. Shen
Cornell University and Harvard University - Center for Bioethics
Downloads 3,917 (3,836)
Citation 5

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Trump, inequality, Afghanistan, Iraq, casualties, killed in action, wounded in action, 2016 election, military, military manpower, all volunteer force, foreign policy, public opinion, political science, casualty sensitivity, rural

2.

Law and Neuroscience

LAW AND NEUROSCIENCE, (Aspen 2014, Forthcoming), Vanderbilt Public Law Research Paper 14-12, Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 14-19
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 19 Mar 2014 Last Revised: 27 May 2014
Owen D. Jones, Jeffrey D. Schall and Francis X. Shen
Vanderbilt University - Law School & Dept. of Biological Sciences, Vanderbilt University - Department of Psychology and Harvard University - Center for Bioethics
Downloads 2,454

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law and neuroscience, psychology, neurolaw, criminal responsibility, tort liability, evidence, brain, memory, injury, emotion, lie detection, judging, psychopathy, fMRI, EEG, decision making, neuroethics, punishment, sentencing

3.

Sorting Guilty Minds

New York University Law Review, Vol. 86, 2011
Number of pages: 55 Posted: 24 Feb 2011 Last Revised: 05 May 2014
Harvard University - Center for Bioethics, Second Judicial District Court Judge, State of Colorado, Vanderbilt University - Law School & Dept. of Biological Sciences, Harvard University - Department of Psychology and Vanderbilt University - Department of Psychology
Center for Integrative and Cognitive Neuroscience
Downloads 2,376 (8,675)
Citation 4

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Mental states, criminal law, Model Penal Code, MPC, empirical, punishment, sentencing, blame, culpability, mens rea, purposeful, knowing, reckless, negligent, responsibility, crime, criminology, retribution, just deserts, blameworthiness, intentionality, law and psychology, juror decision making

4.

Law and Neuroscience in the United States

INTERNATIONAL NEUROLAW: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS, p. 349, T.M. Spranger, ed., Springer-Verlag, 2012, Vanderbilt Public Law Research Paper No. 1-5
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 13 Feb 2012 Last Revised: 04 Aug 2015
Owen D. Jones and Francis X. Shen
Vanderbilt University - Law School & Dept. of Biological Sciences and Harvard University - Center for Bioethics
Downloads 2,296 (9,188)
Citation 2

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5.

Brain Scans as Evidence: Truths, Proofs, Lies, and Lessons

Mercer Law Review, Vol. 62, p. 861, 2011, Vanderbilt Public Law Research Paper No. 11-2
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 24 Feb 2011 Last Revised: 24 Aug 2011
Francis X. Shen and Owen D. Jones
Harvard University - Center for Bioethics and Vanderbilt University - Law School & Dept. of Biological Sciences
Downloads 1,545 (17,290)

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neurolaw, law and neuroscience, law and the brain, bioscience, neuroscience and law, Daubert, Frye, lie detection, polygraph, brain scans, fMRI, EEG, Semrau, scientific evidence, admissibility

6.

The Law and Neuroscience Bibliography: Navigating the Emerging Field of Neurolaw

38 International Journal of Legal Information 352 (2010).
Number of pages: 49 Posted: 05 Jun 2012
Francis X. Shen
Harvard University - Center for Bioethics
Downloads 814 (43,641)
Citation 1

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law and neuroscience, neurolaw, bibliography, criminal responsibility, brain injury, emotions, psychopathy, lie detection, neuroimaging, neuropsychology, forensic, scientific evidence

7.

Neuroscience, Mental Privacy, and the Law

36 Harvard Journal of Law and Public Policy 653-713 (2013), Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 13-33
Number of pages: 61 Posted: 04 Jun 2013 Last Revised: 29 Mar 2014
Francis X. Shen
Harvard University - Center for Bioethics
Downloads 612 (63,385)
Citation 2

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law and neuroscience, neurolaw, mental privacy, lie detection, memory detection, brain, EEG, fMRI

8.

Parsing the Behavioral and Brain Mechanisms of Third-Party Punishment

Journal of Neuroscience. Vol. 36, 9420-9434, 2016, UC Irvine School of Law Research Paper No. 2016-50, Vanderbilt Law Research Paper No. 17-01
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 09 Sep 2016 Last Revised: 26 Jan 2017
United States District Court - District of Massachusetts, University of Virginia School of Law, Second Judicial District Court Judge, State of Colorado, Harvard University - Center for Bioethics, University of California, Irvine School of Law, Vanderbilt University - Law School & Dept. of Biological Sciences and Vanderbilt University - Department of Psychology
Center for Integrative and Cognitive Neuroscience
Downloads 599 (65,154)
Citation 1

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punishment, crime, neuroscience, mental state, harm, judges, decision making, sentencing, jurors, law and neuroscience, brain, brain imaging, brain scan, neuroimaging, functional magnetic resonance imaging, fMRI, behavioral biology, law and emotion, cognitive neuroscience, cognitive psychology

9.

Invisible Inequality: The Two Americas of Military Sacrifice

46 Memphis L. Rev. 545 (2016), Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 16-43
Number of pages: 91 Posted: 18 Aug 2016 Last Revised: 22 Dec 2016
Douglas L. Kriner and Francis X. Shen
Cornell University and Harvard University - Center for Bioethics
Downloads 500 (81,662)
Citation 1

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military, inequality, casualties, veterans, mental health, brain health, income inequality, combat, iraq, afghanistan

10.

Decoding Guilty Minds

Vanderbilt Law Review, Vol. 71, 2018, UC Irvine School of Law Research Paper No. 2017-59, Vanderbilt Law Research Paper No. 18-10
Number of pages: 43 Posted: 14 Nov 2017 Last Revised: 16 Feb 2018
United States District Court - District of Massachusetts, Harvard University - Center for Bioethics, University of Virginia School of Law, Second Judicial District Court Judge, State of Colorado, Vanderbilt University - Law School & Dept. of Biological Sciences and University of California, Irvine School of Law
Downloads 499 (81,862)

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Mental states, criminal law, Model Penal Code, MPC, empirical, punishment, sentencing, blame, culpability, mens rea, purposeful, knowing, reckless, negligent, responsibility, crime, criminology, retribution, just deserts, blameworthiness, intentionality, law and psychology, juror decision making

11.

Law & Neuroscience: What, Why, and Where to Begin

MacArthur Foundation Research Network on Law and Neuroscience, August 2016
Number of pages: 3 Posted: 26 Jun 2017
Owen D. Jones and Francis X. Shen
Vanderbilt University - Law School & Dept. of Biological Sciences and Harvard University - Center for Bioethics
Downloads 483 (85,063)

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brain, brain imaging, neuroscience, law and neuroscience, neurolaw, neuroimaging, cognitive neuroscience, cognitive psychology, functional magnetic resonance imaging, fMRI, responsibility, culpability, mens rea, punishment, crime

12.

The Language of Mens Rea

67 Vanderbilt Law Review 1327 (2014), Vanderbilt Public Law Research Paper No. 14-16, Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 14-29
Number of pages: 46 Posted: 09 May 2014 Last Revised: 11 Nov 2017
United States District Court - District of Massachusetts, Harvard University - Center for Bioethics, University of Virginia School of Law, Second Judicial District Court Judge, State of Colorado, Vanderbilt University - Law School & Dept. of Biological Sciences, Vanderbilt University - Department of Psychology
Center for Integrative and Cognitive Neuroscience and University of California, Irvine School of Law
Downloads 471 (87,700)
Citation 4

Abstract:

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Mental states, criminal law, Model Penal Code, MPC, empirical, punishment, sentencing, blame, culpability, mens rea, purposeful, knowing, reckless, negligent, responsibility, crime, criminology, retribution, just deserts, blameworthiness, intentionality, law and psychology, juror decision making

13.

How We Still Fail Rape Victims: Reflecting on Responsibility and Legal Reform

Columbia Journal of Gender and Law, Vol. 22, No. 1, 2011
Number of pages: 80 Posted: 11 Mar 2013
Francis X. Shen
Harvard University - Center for Bioethics
Downloads 439 (95,217)

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rape, sexual assault, crime victim, criminal law, rape statute, law and society, social psychology, empirical

14.

Law and Neuroscience 2.0

48 ARIZ. ST. L.J. 1043 (2017) (Symposium issue: Evolutionary Analysis in Law)
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 29 Mar 2017
Francis X. Shen
Harvard University - Center for Bioethics
Downloads 429 (97,789)

Abstract:

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neurolaw, law and neuroscience, science and law, evidence, criminal law, tort, brain injury, fMRI, brain

15.

Law and Neuroscience

Jones, Owen D. and Schall, Jeffrey D. and Shen, Francis X., LAW AND NEUROSCIENCE, 2nd Edition, ISBN 978-1-5438-0109-5, Forthcoming , Vanderbilt Law Research Paper No. 20-56
Number of pages: 55 Posted: 08 Oct 2020 Last Revised: 06 Nov 2020
Owen D. Jones, Jeffrey D. Schall and Francis X. Shen
Vanderbilt University - Law School & Dept. of Biological Sciences, Vanderbilt University - Department of Psychology and Harvard University - Center for Bioethics
Downloads 423 (99,421)
Citation 1

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law and neuroscience, psychology, neurolaw, criminal responsibility, tort liability, evidence, brain, memory, injury, emotion, lie detection, judging, psychopathy, fMRI, EEG, decision making, aging, neuroethics, punishment, sentencing

16.

Race, Ethnicity, and Education Policy

Number of pages: 30 Posted: 05 Aug 2014
Jennifer L. Hochschild and Francis X. Shen
Harvard University and Harvard University - Center for Bioethics
Downloads 412 (102,516)
Citation 1

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schools, race, ethnicity, education reform, achievement, class, school choice

17.

Keeping Up with Neurolaw: What to Know and Where to Look

50 Court Rev. 104 (2014), Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 14-49
Number of pages: 3 Posted: 30 Oct 2014 Last Revised: 28 Apr 2015
Francis X. Shen
Harvard University - Center for Bioethics
Downloads 411 (102,830)

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law, neuroscience, neurolaw, evidence, criminal, civil, science, psychiatry, psychology

18.

The Overlooked History of Neurolaw

84 Fordham Law Review 667 (2016)
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 18 Jan 2017
Francis X. Shen
Harvard University - Center for Bioethics
Downloads 366 (117,277)

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neurolaw, law and neuroscience, history of science, neuroscience, criminal law, brain injury, psychosurgery

19.

Mind, Body, and the Criminal Law

Minnesota Law Review, Vol. 97, No. 2036-2175, 2013, Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 13-31
Number of pages: 140 Posted: 07 Jun 2013 Last Revised: 03 Aug 2013
Francis X. Shen
Harvard University - Center for Bioethics
Downloads 304 (143,114)

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Law and neuroscience, privacy, mental, physical, brain, bodily injury, mind body problem, criminal law, neurolaw, empirical

20.

Law and Neuroscience: Possibilities for Prosecutors

CDAA Prosecutors Brief, Vol. 33, No. 4, p. 17, 2011
Number of pages: 7 Posted: 14 Aug 2012
Francis X. Shen
Harvard University - Center for Bioethics
Downloads 292 (149,272)

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law and neuroscience, neurolaw, criminal law, prosecution, crime victims, neuroimaging, fmri, eeg, brain, prosecution

21.

Minority Mens Rea: Racial Bias and Criminal Mental States

68 Hastings Law Journal 1007 (2017)
Number of pages: 78 Posted: 14 Jul 2017
Francis X. Shen
Harvard University - Center for Bioethics
Downloads 222 (195,497)

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mens rea, criminal mental states, race racial bias, neuroscience, law and neuroscience, neurolaw, psychology, jury, juror, decision-making, empirical, experiment

22.

Neurolegislation: How U.S. Legislators are Using Brain Science

29 Harvard Journal of Law and Technology 495 (2016), Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 16-44
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 13 Sep 2016 Last Revised: 22 Dec 2016
Francis X. Shen
Harvard University - Center for Bioethics
Downloads 222 (195,497)

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Neurolaw, Law and Neuroscience, Neuroscience, Empirical, Legislation, Public Policy, State Legislature, Political Science

23.

Justice for Emerging Adults after Jones: The Rapidly Developing Use of Neuroscience to Extend Eighth Amendment Miller Protections to Defendants Ages 18 and Older

97 NYU L. Rev. Online 101 (2022), Harvard Public Law Working Paper No. 22-18
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 06 Jun 2022 Last Revised: 21 Jul 2022
Harvard University - Center for Bioethics, Harvard University - Harvard Law School, Harvard University - Harvard Law School, Harvard University, Harvard Law School, Harvard University, Harvard Law School, Students, Tufts University, University of Minnesota Law School, Harvard College, Yale University - Law School, Harvard University, Harvard College, Students, Northwestern University, Harvard College, Harvard College, University of Minnesota - Minneapolis - School of Law, Harvard College, Harvard University - Harvard Law School, Harvard Law School and William James College
Downloads 221 (196,324)

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law and neuroscience, neurolaw, Miller, 8th Amendment, adolescent brain, juvenile justice, emerging adult, criminal sentencing

24.

Neuroscience, Artificial Intelligence, and the Case Against Solitary Confinement

21 Vanderbilt Journal of Entertainment & Technology Law 937 (2019)
Number of pages: 81 Posted: 03 Jul 2019
Francis X. Shen
Harvard University - Center for Bioethics
Downloads 185 (230,447)

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law and neuroscience, brain, solitary confinement, artificial intelligence, criminal justice, mental health, inmates, empirical

25.

Teaching Law and Artificial Intelligence

22 Minnesota Journal of Law, Science & Technology 23
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 10 Jun 2021
Brendan Johnson and Francis X. Shen
University of Minnesota Law School and Harvard University - Center for Bioethics
Downloads 179 (237,117)

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artificial intelligence, law teaching, law schools, ranking, AI, machine learning

26.

Aging Judges

Ohio State Law Journal, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 91 Posted: 06 Dec 2019
Francis X. Shen
Harvard University - Center for Bioethics
Downloads 168 (250,169)

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judges, brain, law and neuroscience, cognition, aging, mandatory retirement, judicial term limits, dementia, alzheimer's, decision-making

27.

The Limited Effect of Electroencephalography Memory Recognition Evidence on Assessments of Defendant Credibility

Journal of Law and the Biosciences (2017), lsx005. doi: 10.1093/jlb/lsx005
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 05 Jun 2017
Harvard University - Center for Bioethics, Shen Neurolaw Lab, University of Minnesota - Twin Cities, School of Law, Students, University of Minnesota - Twin Cities, Medical School, Department of Neuroscience, Students, University of Minnesota - Twin Cities, Medical School, Department of Neuroscience, Students, University of Minnesota - Twin Cities, School of Law, Students, Mount Holyoke College, Students, Shen Neurolaw Lab and Independent
Downloads 153 (270,252)

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Neurolaw, Law and Neuroscience, Brain, EEG, Memory Recognition, Deception, Lie Detection, Evidence, Rule 403, Electroencephalography

28.

Are Youth Sports Concussion Statutes Working?

56 Duquesne University Law Review 7 (2018) (Symposium Issue: Athletes, Veterans, and Neuroscience: A Symposium on Traumatic Brain Injury and Law)
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 17 May 2018
Francis X. Shen
Harvard University - Center for Bioethics
Downloads 123 (319,807)

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neuroscience, law, neurolaw, evidence, brain, traumatic brain injury, concussion, sports concussion, football, concussion statute, brain health, public health, liability

29.

How Dangerous are Youth Sports for the Brain? A Review of the Evidence

7 Berkeley Journal of Entertainment & Sports Law 67 (2018)
Number of pages: 126 Posted: 02 Sep 2018
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities, Shen Neurolaw Lab, University of Minnesota - Twin Cities, University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law and Harvard University - Center for Bioethics
Downloads 121 (323,645)

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concussion, sports, brain, neurolaw, neuroscience, brain injury, football, hockey, athlete, law and neuroscience

30.

The Intersectionality of Age and Gender on the Bench: Are Younger Female Judges Harsher with Serious Crimes?

Morris B. Hoffman, Francis X. Shen, Vijeth Iyengar & Frank Krueger, The Intersection of Age and Gender on the Bench: Are Younger Female Judges Harsher With Serious Crimes?, 40.1 COLUM. J. GENDER & L. 128 (2020)
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 09 Nov 2020
Second Judicial District Court Judge, State of Colorado, Harvard University - Center for Bioethics, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services and George Mason University - Department of Psychology
Downloads 103 (361,708)

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judges, judging, neuroscience, law, neurolaw, aging, gender, punishment, empirical, criminal law, criminal sentencing

31.

Sentencing Enhancement and the Crime Victim's Brain

46 Loyola University Chicago Law Journal 405 (2014)
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 18 Mar 2015 Last Revised: 07 Jul 2017
Francis X. Shen
Harvard University - Center for Bioethics
Downloads 93 (385,937)

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neurolaw, law, neuroscience, crime victim, brain, sentencing, enhancement, punishment, guidelines, criminal law, bodily injury, mental, physical

32.

Neuroscientific Evidence as Instant Replay

Journal of Law and the Biosciences (2016), doi:10.1093/jlb/lsw029, Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 16-23
Number of pages: 7 Posted: 19 Jul 2016 Last Revised: 28 Jul 2016
Francis X. Shen
Harvard University - Center for Bioethics
Downloads 88 (399,418)
Citation 1

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neurolaw, law and neuroscience, evidence, criminal law, law and psychology, expert testimony

33.

Community Support for Mayoral Control of Urban School Districts: A Critical Reexamination

44 Education and Urban Society 342-267 (2012), Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 13-28
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 23 Jun 2013 Last Revised: 28 Sep 2014
Francis X. Shen
Harvard University - Center for Bioethics
Downloads 65 (472,624)

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education, urban, mayoral control, mayor, governance, inequality, race, class, school board

34.

The Failure of Youth Sports Concussion Laws and the Limits of Legislating Health Education

Sydney Diekmann, Christine Egan, Carly Rasmussen & Francis X. Shen, The Failure of Youth Sports Concussion Laws and the Limits of Legislating Health Education, 19 Yale Journal of Health Policy, Law, and Ethics 1 (2019)
Number of pages: 212 Posted: 16 Apr 2021
Shen Neurolaw Lab, University of Minnesota - Twin Cities, University of Minnesota - Twin Cities and Harvard University - Center for Bioethics
Downloads 13 (777,809)

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sports concussions, public health, law and neuroscience, brain, statutes, legislation

35.

Quasi-Professional Negligence: A New Standard of Care for Volunteer Youth Sports Coaches

Warren Cormack, Joseph Graen, Jennifer Novo & Francis X. Shen, Quasi-Professional Negligence: A New Standard of Care for Volunteer Youth Sports Coaches, 20 Va. Sports & Ent. L.J. 127 (2021)
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 24 Aug 2022
Warren Cormack, Joseph Graen, Jennifer Novo and Francis X. Shen
affiliation not provided to SSRN, affiliation not provided to SSRN, affiliation not provided to SSRN and Harvard University - Center for Bioethics
Downloads 4 (873,697)

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sports concussions, brain injury, standard of care, negilgence, youth sports, law and neuroscience, football