Francis X. Shen

University of Minnesota Law School

Associate Professor

Minneapolis, MN

United States

Harvard University - Department of Psychiatry

Boston, MA

United States

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

31

DOWNLOADS
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Top 1,889

in Total Papers Downloads

18,930

SSRN CITATIONS
Rank 17,915

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 17,915

in Total Papers Citations

14

CROSSREF CITATIONS

43

Scholarly Papers (31)

1.

Battlefield Casualties and Ballot Box Defeat: Did the Bush-Obama Wars Cost Clinton the White House?

Number of pages: 20 Posted: 20 Jun 2017
Douglas L. Kriner and Francis X. Shen
Cornell University and University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 3,747 (3,022)
Citation 5

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Trump, inequality, Afghanistan, Iraq, casualties, killed in action, wounded in action, 2016 election, military, military manpower, all volunteer force, foreign policy, public opinion, political science, casualty sensitivity, rural

2.

Sorting Guilty Minds

New York University Law Review, Vol. 86, 2011
Number of pages: 55 Posted: 24 Feb 2011 Last Revised: 05 May 2014
University of Minnesota Law School, Second Judicial District Court Judge, State of Colorado, Vanderbilt University - Law School & Dept. of Biological Sciences, Harvard University - Department of Psychology and Vanderbilt University - Department of Psychology
Center for Integrative and Cognitive Neuroscience
Downloads 2,283 (6,978)
Citation 3

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Mental states, criminal law, Model Penal Code, MPC, empirical, punishment, sentencing, blame, culpability, mens rea, purposeful, knowing, reckless, negligent, responsibility, crime, criminology, retribution, just deserts, blameworthiness, intentionality, law and psychology, juror decision making

3.

Law and Neuroscience

LAW AND NEUROSCIENCE, (Aspen 2014, Forthcoming), Vanderbilt Public Law Research Paper 14-12, Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 14-19
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 19 Mar 2014 Last Revised: 27 May 2014
Owen D. Jones, Jeffrey D. Schall and Francis X. Shen
Vanderbilt University - Law School & Dept. of Biological Sciences, Vanderbilt University - Department of Psychology and University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 2,181

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law and neuroscience, psychology, neurolaw, criminal responsibility, tort liability, evidence, brain, memory, injury, emotion, lie detection, judging, psychopathy, fMRI, EEG, decision making, neuroethics, punishment, sentencing

4.

Law and Neuroscience in the United States

INTERNATIONAL NEUROLAW: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS, p. 349, T.M. Spranger, ed., Springer-Verlag, 2012, Vanderbilt Public Law Research Paper No. 1-5
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 13 Feb 2012 Last Revised: 04 Aug 2015
Owen D. Jones and Francis X. Shen
Vanderbilt University - Law School & Dept. of Biological Sciences and University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 2,178 (7,570)
Citation 2

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5.

Brain Scans as Evidence: Truths, Proofs, Lies, and Lessons

Mercer Law Review, Vol. 62, p. 861, 2011, Vanderbilt Public Law Research Paper No. 11-2
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 24 Feb 2011 Last Revised: 24 Aug 2011
Francis X. Shen and Owen D. Jones
University of Minnesota Law School and Vanderbilt University - Law School & Dept. of Biological Sciences
Downloads 1,463 (14,364)

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neurolaw, law and neuroscience, law and the brain, bioscience, neuroscience and law, Daubert, Frye, lie detection, polygraph, brain scans, fMRI, EEG, Semrau, scientific evidence, admissibility

6.

The Law and Neuroscience Bibliography: Navigating the Emerging Field of Neurolaw

38 International Journal of Legal Information 352 (2010).
Number of pages: 49 Posted: 05 Jun 2012
Francis X. Shen
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 731 (39,477)
Citation 1

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law and neuroscience, neurolaw, bibliography, criminal responsibility, brain injury, emotions, psychopathy, lie detection, neuroimaging, neuropsychology, forensic, scientific evidence

7.

Parsing the Behavioral and Brain Mechanisms of Third-Party Punishment

Journal of Neuroscience. Vol. 36, 9420-9434, 2016, UC Irvine School of Law Research Paper No. 2016-50, Vanderbilt Law Research Paper No. 17-01
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 09 Sep 2016 Last Revised: 26 Jan 2017
Court of Federal Claims - Office of Special Masters, University of Virginia School of Law, Second Judicial District Court Judge, State of Colorado, University of Minnesota Law School, University of California, Irvine School of Law, Vanderbilt University - Law School & Dept. of Biological Sciences and Vanderbilt University - Department of Psychology
Center for Integrative and Cognitive Neuroscience
Downloads 542 (58,366)
Citation 1

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punishment, crime, neuroscience, mental state, harm, judges, decision making, sentencing, jurors, law and neuroscience, brain, brain imaging, brain scan, neuroimaging, functional magnetic resonance imaging, fMRI, behavioral biology, law and emotion, cognitive neuroscience, cognitive psychology

8.

Invisible Inequality: The Two Americas of Military Sacrifice

46 Memphis L. Rev. 545 (2016), Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 16-43
Number of pages: 91 Posted: 18 Aug 2016 Last Revised: 22 Dec 2016
Douglas L. Kriner and Francis X. Shen
Cornell University and University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 474 (68,941)
Citation 1

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military, inequality, casualties, veterans, mental health, brain health, income inequality, combat, iraq, afghanistan

9.

Neuroscience, Mental Privacy, and the Law

36 Harvard Journal of Law and Public Policy 653-713 (2013), Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 13-33
Number of pages: 61 Posted: 04 Jun 2013 Last Revised: 29 Mar 2014
Francis X. Shen
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 472 (69,698)
Citation 2

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law and neuroscience, neurolaw, mental privacy, lie detection, memory detection, brain, EEG, fMRI

10.

Decoding Guilty Minds

Vanderbilt Law Review, Vol. 71, 2018, UC Irvine School of Law Research Paper No. 2017-59, Vanderbilt Law Research Paper No. 18-10
Number of pages: 43 Posted: 14 Nov 2017 Last Revised: 16 Feb 2018
Court of Federal Claims - Office of Special Masters, University of Minnesota Law School, University of Virginia School of Law, Second Judicial District Court Judge, State of Colorado, Vanderbilt University - Law School & Dept. of Biological Sciences and University of California, Irvine School of Law
Downloads 449 (73,734)

Abstract:

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Mental states, criminal law, Model Penal Code, MPC, empirical, punishment, sentencing, blame, culpability, mens rea, purposeful, knowing, reckless, negligent, responsibility, crime, criminology, retribution, just deserts, blameworthiness, intentionality, law and psychology, juror decision making

11.

The Language of Mens Rea

67 Vanderbilt Law Review 1327 (2014), Vanderbilt Public Law Research Paper No. 14-16, Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 14-29
Number of pages: 46 Posted: 09 May 2014 Last Revised: 11 Nov 2017
Court of Federal Claims - Office of Special Masters, University of Minnesota Law School, University of Virginia School of Law, Second Judicial District Court Judge, State of Colorado, Vanderbilt University - Law School & Dept. of Biological Sciences, Vanderbilt University - Department of Psychology
Center for Integrative and Cognitive Neuroscience and University of California, Irvine School of Law
Downloads 432 (77,175)
Citation 3

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Mental states, criminal law, Model Penal Code, MPC, empirical, punishment, sentencing, blame, culpability, mens rea, purposeful, knowing, reckless, negligent, responsibility, crime, criminology, retribution, just deserts, blameworthiness, intentionality, law and psychology, juror decision making

12.

Law & Neuroscience: What, Why, and Where to Begin

MacArthur Foundation Research Network on Law and Neuroscience, August 2016
Number of pages: 3 Posted: 26 Jun 2017
Owen D. Jones and Francis X. Shen
Vanderbilt University - Law School & Dept. of Biological Sciences and University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 426 (78,491)

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brain, brain imaging, neuroscience, law and neuroscience, neurolaw, neuroimaging, cognitive neuroscience, cognitive psychology, functional magnetic resonance imaging, fMRI, responsibility, culpability, mens rea, punishment, crime

13.

How We Still Fail Rape Victims: Reflecting on Responsibility and Legal Reform

Columbia Journal of Gender and Law, Vol. 22, No. 1, 2011
Number of pages: 80 Posted: 11 Mar 2013
Francis X. Shen
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 401 (84,227)

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rape, sexual assault, crime victim, criminal law, rape statute, law and society, social psychology, empirical

14.

Keeping Up with Neurolaw: What to Know and Where to Look

50 Court Rev. 104 (2014), Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 14-49
Number of pages: 3 Posted: 30 Oct 2014 Last Revised: 28 Apr 2015
Francis X. Shen
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 365 (93,903)

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law, neuroscience, neurolaw, evidence, criminal, civil, science, psychiatry, psychology

15.

Law and Neuroscience 2.0

48 ARIZ. ST. L.J. 1043 (2017) (Symposium issue: Evolutionary Analysis in Law)
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 29 Mar 2017
Francis X. Shen
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 349 (98,849)

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neurolaw, law and neuroscience, science and law, evidence, criminal law, tort, brain injury, fMRI, brain

16.

The Overlooked History of Neurolaw

84 Fordham Law Review 667 (2016)
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 18 Jan 2017
Francis X. Shen
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 300 (117,128)

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neurolaw, law and neuroscience, history of science, neuroscience, criminal law, brain injury, psychosurgery

17.

Law and Neuroscience: Possibilities for Prosecutors

CDAA Prosecutors Brief, Vol. 33, No. 4, p. 17, 2011
Number of pages: 7 Posted: 14 Aug 2012
Francis X. Shen
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 279 (125,961)

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law and neuroscience, neurolaw, criminal law, prosecution, crime victims, neuroimaging, fmri, eeg, brain, prosecution

18.

Mind, Body, and the Criminal Law

Minnesota Law Review, Vol. 97, No. 2036-2175, 2013, Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 13-31
Number of pages: 140 Posted: 07 Jun 2013 Last Revised: 03 Aug 2013
Francis X. Shen
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 269 (130,931)

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Law and neuroscience, privacy, mental, physical, brain, bodily injury, mind body problem, criminal law, neurolaw, empirical

19.

Race, Ethnicity, and Education Policy

Number of pages: 30 Posted: 05 Aug 2014
Jennifer L. Hochschild and Francis X. Shen
Harvard University and University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 202 (172,929)
Citation 1

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schools, race, ethnicity, education reform, achievement, class, school choice

20.

Minority Mens Rea: Racial Bias and Criminal Mental States

68 Hastings Law Journal 1007 (2017)
Number of pages: 78 Posted: 14 Jul 2017
Francis X. Shen
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 197 (176,981)

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mens rea, criminal mental states, race racial bias, neuroscience, law and neuroscience, neurolaw, psychology, jury, juror, decision-making, empirical, experiment

21.

Neurolegislation: How U.S. Legislators are Using Brain Science

29 Harvard Journal of Law and Technology 495 (2016), Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 16-44
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 13 Sep 2016 Last Revised: 22 Dec 2016
Francis X. Shen
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 175 (196,591)

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Neurolaw, Law and Neuroscience, Neuroscience, Empirical, Legislation, Public Policy, State Legislature, Political Science

22.

The Limited Effect of Electroencephalography Memory Recognition Evidence on Assessments of Defendant Credibility

Journal of Law and the Biosciences (2017), lsx005. doi: 10.1093/jlb/lsx005
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 05 Jun 2017
University of Minnesota Law School, Shen Neurolaw Lab, University of Minnesota - Twin Cities, School of Law, Students, University of Minnesota - Twin Cities, Medical School, Department of Neuroscience, Students, University of Minnesota - Twin Cities, Medical School, Department of Neuroscience, Students, University of Minnesota - Twin Cities, School of Law, Students, Mount Holyoke College, Students, Shen Neurolaw Lab and Independent
Downloads 142 (234,000)

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Neurolaw, Law and Neuroscience, Brain, EEG, Memory Recognition, Deception, Lie Detection, Evidence, Rule 403, Electroencephalography

23.

Neuroscience, Artificial Intelligence, and the Case Against Solitary Confinement

21 Vanderbilt Journal of Entertainment & Technology Law 937 (2019)
Number of pages: 81 Posted: 03 Jul 2019
Francis X. Shen
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 140 (236,733)

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law and neuroscience, brain, solitary confinement, artificial intelligence, criminal justice, mental health, inmates, empirical

24.

Law and Neuroscience

Jones, Owen D. and Schall, Jeffrey D. and Shen, Francis X., LAW AND NEUROSCIENCE, 2nd Edition, ISBN 978-1-5438-0109-5, Forthcoming , Vanderbilt Law Research Paper No. 20-56
Number of pages: 55 Posted: 08 Oct 2020 Last Revised: 06 Nov 2020
Owen D. Jones, Jeffrey D. Schall and Francis X. Shen
Vanderbilt University - Law School & Dept. of Biological Sciences, Vanderbilt University - Department of Psychology and University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 132 (248,082)

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law and neuroscience, psychology, neurolaw, criminal responsibility, tort liability, evidence, brain, memory, injury, emotion, lie detection, judging, psychopathy, fMRI, EEG, decision making, aging, neuroethics, punishment, sentencing

25.

Aging Judges

Ohio State Law Journal, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 91 Posted: 06 Dec 2019
Francis X. Shen
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 107 (288,987)

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judges, brain, law and neuroscience, cognition, aging, mandatory retirement, judicial term limits, dementia, alzheimer's, decision-making

26.

Are Youth Sports Concussion Statutes Working?

56 Duquesne University Law Review 7 (2018) (Symposium Issue: Athletes, Veterans, and Neuroscience: A Symposium on Traumatic Brain Injury and Law)
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 17 May 2018
Francis X. Shen
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 107 (288,987)

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neuroscience, law, neurolaw, evidence, brain, traumatic brain injury, concussion, sports concussion, football, concussion statute, brain health, public health, liability

27.

How Dangerous are Youth Sports for the Brain? A Review of the Evidence

7 Berkeley Journal of Entertainment & Sports Law 67 (2018)
Number of pages: 126 Posted: 02 Sep 2018
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities, Shen Neurolaw Lab, University of Minnesota - Twin Cities, University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law and University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 105 (292,832)

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concussion, sports, brain, neurolaw, neuroscience, brain injury, football, hockey, athlete, law and neuroscience

28.

Sentencing Enhancement and the Crime Victim's Brain

46 Loyola University Chicago Law Journal 405 (2014)
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 18 Mar 2015 Last Revised: 07 Jul 2017
Francis X. Shen
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 86 (332,944)

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neurolaw, law, neuroscience, crime victim, brain, sentencing, enhancement, punishment, guidelines, criminal law, bodily injury, mental, physical

29.

Neuroscientific Evidence as Instant Replay

Journal of Law and the Biosciences (2016), doi:10.1093/jlb/lsw029, Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 16-23
Number of pages: 7 Posted: 19 Jul 2016 Last Revised: 28 Jul 2016
Francis X. Shen
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 75 (360,916)

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neurolaw, law and neuroscience, evidence, criminal law, law and psychology, expert testimony

30.

Community Support for Mayoral Control of Urban School Districts: A Critical Reexamination

44 Education and Urban Society 342-267 (2012), Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 13-28
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 23 Jun 2013 Last Revised: 28 Sep 2014
Francis X. Shen
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 64 (393,038)

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education, urban, mayoral control, mayor, governance, inequality, race, class, school board

31.

The Intersectionality of Age and Gender on the Bench: Are Younger Female Judges Harsher with Serious Crimes?

Morris B. Hoffman, Francis X. Shen, Vijeth Iyengar & Frank Krueger, The Intersection of Age and Gender on the Bench: Are Younger Female Judges Harsher With Serious Crimes?, 40.1 COLUM. J. GENDER & L. 128 (2020)
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 09 Nov 2020
Second Judicial District Court Judge, State of Colorado, University of Minnesota Law School, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services and George Mason University - Department of Psychology
Downloads 57 (416,220)

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judges, judging, neuroscience, law, neurolaw, aging, gender, punishment, empirical, criminal law, criminal sentencing