Francis X. Shen

University of Minnesota Law School

Associate Professor

Minneapolis, MN

United States

MGH Center for Law, Brain & Behavior

55 Fruit Street

Boston, MA 02114

United States

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

36

DOWNLOADS
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Top 2,457

in Total Papers Downloads

24,712

SSRN CITATIONS
Rank 19,542

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 19,542

in Total Papers Citations

24

CROSSREF CITATIONS

43

Scholarly Papers (36)

1.

Battlefield Casualties and Ballot Box Defeat: Did the Bush-Obama Wars Cost Clinton the White House?

Number of pages: 20 Posted: 20 Jun 2017
Douglas L. Kriner and Francis X. Shen
Cornell University - Department of Government and University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 4,045 (4,865)
Citation 5

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Trump, inequality, Afghanistan, Iraq, casualties, killed in action, wounded in action, 2016 election, military, military manpower, all volunteer force, foreign policy, public opinion, political science, casualty sensitivity, rural

2.

Law and Neuroscience (2d ed. 2021)

LAW AND NEUROSCIENCE, (2d ed., Aspen 2021), Vanderbilt Public Law Research Paper 14-12, Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 14-19
Number of pages: 43 Posted: 19 Mar 2014 Last Revised: 04 Apr 2024
Owen D. Jones, Jeffrey D. Schall and Francis X. Shen
Vanderbilt University - Law School & Dept. of Biological Sciences, York University and University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 2,618

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law and neuroscience, psychology, neurolaw, criminal responsibility, tort liability, evidence, brain, memory, injury, emotion, lie detection, judging, psychopathy, fMRI, EEG, decision making, neuroethics, punishment, sentencing

3.

Sorting Guilty Minds

New York University Law Review, Vol. 86, 2011
Number of pages: 55 Posted: 24 Feb 2011 Last Revised: 05 May 2014
University of Minnesota Law School, Second Judicial District Court Judge, State of Colorado, Vanderbilt University - Law School & Dept. of Biological Sciences, Harvard University - Department of Psychology and Vanderbilt University - Department of Psychology
Center for Integrative and Cognitive Neuroscience
Downloads 2,458 (10,854)
Citation 2

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Mental states, criminal law, Model Penal Code, MPC, empirical, punishment, sentencing, blame, culpability, mens rea, purposeful, knowing, reckless, negligent, responsibility, crime, criminology, retribution, just deserts, blameworthiness, intentionality, law and psychology, juror decision making

4.

Law and Neuroscience in the United States

INTERNATIONAL NEUROLAW: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS, p. 349, T.M. Spranger, ed., Springer-Verlag, 2012, Vanderbilt Public Law Research Paper No. 1-5
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 13 Feb 2012 Last Revised: 04 Aug 2015
Owen D. Jones and Francis X. Shen
Vanderbilt University - Law School & Dept. of Biological Sciences and University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 2,394 (11,349)
Citation 2

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5.

Brain Scans as Evidence: Truths, Proofs, Lies, and Lessons

Mercer Law Review, Vol. 62, p. 861, 2011, Vanderbilt Public Law Research Paper No. 11-2
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 24 Feb 2011 Last Revised: 24 Aug 2011
Francis X. Shen and Owen D. Jones
University of Minnesota Law School and Vanderbilt University - Law School & Dept. of Biological Sciences
Downloads 1,648 (20,420)

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neurolaw, law and neuroscience, law and the brain, bioscience, neuroscience and law, Daubert, Frye, lie detection, polygraph, brain scans, fMRI, EEG, Semrau, scientific evidence, admissibility

6.

The Law and Neuroscience Bibliography: Navigating the Emerging Field of Neurolaw

38 International Journal of Legal Information 352 (2010).
Number of pages: 49 Posted: 05 Jun 2012
Francis X. Shen
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 903 (48,953)
Citation 1

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law and neuroscience, neurolaw, bibliography, criminal responsibility, brain injury, emotions, psychopathy, lie detection, neuroimaging, neuropsychology, forensic, scientific evidence

7.

Neuroscience, Mental Privacy, and the Law

36 Harvard Journal of Law and Public Policy 653-713 (2013), Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 13-33
Number of pages: 61 Posted: 04 Jun 2013 Last Revised: 29 Mar 2014
Francis X. Shen
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 809 (56,887)
Citation 3

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law and neuroscience, neurolaw, mental privacy, lie detection, memory detection, brain, EEG, fMRI

8.

Law and Neuroscience

Jones, Owen D. and Schall, Jeffrey D. and Shen, Francis X., LAW AND NEUROSCIENCE, 2nd Edition, ISBN 978-1-5438-0109-5, Forthcoming , Vanderbilt Law Research Paper No. 20-56
Number of pages: 55 Posted: 08 Oct 2020 Last Revised: 06 Nov 2020
Owen D. Jones, Jeffrey D. Schall and Francis X. Shen
Vanderbilt University - Law School & Dept. of Biological Sciences, York University and University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 746 (63,703)
Citation 1

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law and neuroscience, psychology, neurolaw, criminal responsibility, tort liability, evidence, brain, memory, injury, emotion, lie detection, judging, psychopathy, fMRI, EEG, decision making, aging, neuroethics, punishment, sentencing

9.

Race, Ethnicity, and Education Policy

Number of pages: 30 Posted: 05 Aug 2014
Jennifer L. Hochschild and Francis X. Shen
Harvard University and University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 691 (70,164)
Citation 2

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schools, race, ethnicity, education reform, achievement, class, school choice

10.

Parsing the Behavioral and Brain Mechanisms of Third-Party Punishment

Journal of Neuroscience. Vol. 36, 9420-9434, 2016, UC Irvine School of Law Research Paper No. 2016-50, Vanderbilt Law Research Paper No. 17-01
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 09 Sep 2016 Last Revised: 26 Jan 2017
United States District Court - District of Massachusetts, University of Virginia School of Law, Second Judicial District Court Judge, State of Colorado, University of Minnesota Law School, University of California, Irvine School of Law, Vanderbilt University - Law School & Dept. of Biological Sciences and Vanderbilt University - Department of Psychology
Center for Integrative and Cognitive Neuroscience
Downloads 659 (74,417)
Citation 3

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punishment, crime, neuroscience, mental state, harm, judges, decision making, sentencing, jurors, law and neuroscience, brain, brain imaging, brain scan, neuroimaging, functional magnetic resonance imaging, fMRI, behavioral biology, law and emotion, cognitive neuroscience, cognitive psychology

11.

Decoding Guilty Minds

Vanderbilt Law Review, Vol. 71, 2018, UC Irvine School of Law Research Paper No. 2017-59, Vanderbilt Law Research Paper No. 18-10
Number of pages: 43 Posted: 14 Nov 2017 Last Revised: 16 Feb 2018
United States District Court - District of Massachusetts, University of Minnesota Law School, University of Virginia School of Law, Second Judicial District Court Judge, State of Colorado, Vanderbilt University - Law School & Dept. of Biological Sciences and University of California, Irvine School of Law
Downloads 551 (93,245)

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Mental states, criminal law, Model Penal Code, MPC, empirical, punishment, sentencing, blame, culpability, mens rea, purposeful, knowing, reckless, negligent, responsibility, crime, criminology, retribution, just deserts, blameworthiness, intentionality, law and psychology, juror decision making

12.

Law & Neuroscience: What, Why, and Where to Begin

MacArthur Foundation Research Network on Law and Neuroscience, August 2016
Number of pages: 3 Posted: 26 Jun 2017
Owen D. Jones and Francis X. Shen
Vanderbilt University - Law School & Dept. of Biological Sciences and University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 546 (94,305)

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brain, brain imaging, neuroscience, law and neuroscience, neurolaw, neuroimaging, cognitive neuroscience, cognitive psychology, functional magnetic resonance imaging, fMRI, responsibility, culpability, mens rea, punishment, crime

13.

Invisible Inequality: The Two Americas of Military Sacrifice

46 Memphis L. Rev. 545 (2016), Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 16-43
Number of pages: 91 Posted: 18 Aug 2016 Last Revised: 22 Dec 2016
Douglas L. Kriner and Francis X. Shen
Cornell University - Department of Government and University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 530 (97,835)
Citation 1

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military, inequality, casualties, veterans, mental health, brain health, income inequality, combat, iraq, afghanistan

14.

The Language of Mens Rea

67 Vanderbilt Law Review 1327 (2014), Vanderbilt Public Law Research Paper No. 14-16, Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 14-29
Number of pages: 46 Posted: 09 May 2014 Last Revised: 11 Nov 2017
United States District Court - District of Massachusetts, University of Minnesota Law School, University of Virginia School of Law, Second Judicial District Court Judge, State of Colorado, Vanderbilt University - Law School & Dept. of Biological Sciences, Vanderbilt University - Department of Psychology
Center for Integrative and Cognitive Neuroscience and University of California, Irvine School of Law
Downloads 522 (99,690)
Citation 4

Abstract:

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Mental states, criminal law, Model Penal Code, MPC, empirical, punishment, sentencing, blame, culpability, mens rea, purposeful, knowing, reckless, negligent, responsibility, crime, criminology, retribution, just deserts, blameworthiness, intentionality, law and psychology, juror decision making

15.

Law and Neuroscience 2.0

48 ARIZ. ST. L.J. 1043 (2017) (Symposium issue: Evolutionary Analysis in Law)
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 29 Mar 2017
Francis X. Shen
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 515 (101,411)

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neurolaw, law and neuroscience, science and law, evidence, criminal law, tort, brain injury, fMRI, brain

16.

How We Still Fail Rape Victims: Reflecting on Responsibility and Legal Reform

Columbia Journal of Gender and Law, Vol. 22, No. 1, 2011
Number of pages: 80 Posted: 11 Mar 2013
Francis X. Shen
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 503 (104,345)
Citation 1

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rape, sexual assault, crime victim, criminal law, rape statute, law and society, social psychology, empirical

17.

Justice for Emerging Adults after Jones: The Rapidly Developing Use of Neuroscience to Extend Eighth Amendment Miller Protections to Defendants Ages 18 and Older

97 NYU L. Rev. Online 101 (2022), Harvard Public Law Working Paper No. 22-18
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 06 Jun 2022 Last Revised: 21 Jul 2022
University of Minnesota Law School, Harvard University - Harvard Law School, Harvard University - Harvard Law School, Harvard University, Harvard Law School, Tufts University, University of Minnesota Law School, Harvard College, Yale University - Law School, Harvard University, Harvard College, Students, Northwestern University, Harvard College, Harvard College, University of Minnesota - Minneapolis - School of Law, Harvard College, Harvard University - Harvard Law School, Harvard Law School and William James College
Downloads 451 (118,861)

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law and neuroscience, neurolaw, Miller, 8th Amendment, adolescent brain, juvenile justice, emerging adult, criminal sentencing

18.

Keeping Up with Neurolaw: What to Know and Where to Look

50 Court Rev. 104 (2014), Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 14-49
Number of pages: 3 Posted: 30 Oct 2014 Last Revised: 28 Apr 2015
Francis X. Shen
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 447 (120,060)

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law, neuroscience, neurolaw, evidence, criminal, civil, science, psychiatry, psychology

19.

The Overlooked History of Neurolaw

84 Fordham Law Review 667 (2016)
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 18 Jan 2017
Francis X. Shen
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 418 (129,873)

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neurolaw, law and neuroscience, history of science, neuroscience, criminal law, brain injury, psychosurgery

20.

Mind, Body, and the Criminal Law

Minnesota Law Review, Vol. 97, No. 2036-2175, 2013, Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 13-31
Number of pages: 140 Posted: 07 Jun 2013 Last Revised: 03 Aug 2013
Francis X. Shen
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 348 (159,518)

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Law and neuroscience, privacy, mental, physical, brain, bodily injury, mind body problem, criminal law, neurolaw, empirical

21.

Teaching Law and Artificial Intelligence

22 Minnesota Journal of Law, Science & Technology 23
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 10 Jun 2021
Brendan Johnson and Francis X. Shen
University of Minnesota Law School and University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 335 (166,188)
Citation 1

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artificial intelligence, law teaching, law schools, ranking, AI, machine learning

22.

Law and Neuroscience: Possibilities for Prosecutors

CDAA Prosecutors Brief, Vol. 33, No. 4, p. 17, 2011
Number of pages: 7 Posted: 14 Aug 2012
Francis X. Shen
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 306 (182,894)

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law and neuroscience, neurolaw, criminal law, prosecution, crime victims, neuroimaging, fmri, eeg, brain, prosecution

23.

Neurolegislation: How U.S. Legislators are Using Brain Science

29 Harvard Journal of Law and Technology 495 (2016), Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 16-44
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 13 Sep 2016 Last Revised: 22 Dec 2016
Francis X. Shen
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 280 (200,647)

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Neurolaw, Law and Neuroscience, Neuroscience, Empirical, Legislation, Public Policy, State Legislature, Political Science

24.

Brain Science for Lawyers, Judges, and Policymakers

Jones, Owen D. and Schall, Jeffrey D. and Shen, Francis X. and Hoffman, Morris B. and Wagner, Anthony D., Brain Science for Lawyers, Judges, and Policymakers (March 13, 2024).
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 15 Mar 2024
Vanderbilt University - Law School & Dept. of Biological Sciences, York University, University of Minnesota Law School, Second Judicial District Court Judge, State of Colorado and Stanford University - Department of Psychology
Downloads 268 (209,744)

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Law and neuroscience, psychology, neurolaw, criminal responsibility, torts, evidence, brain, memory, injury, emotion, lie detection, judging, psychopathy, fMRI, EEG, PET, decision making, neuroethics, punishment, sentencing,

25.

Minority Mens Rea: Racial Bias and Criminal Mental States

68 Hastings Law Journal 1007 (2017)
Number of pages: 78 Posted: 14 Jul 2017
Francis X. Shen
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 261 (215,340)

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mens rea, criminal mental states, race racial bias, neuroscience, law and neuroscience, neurolaw, psychology, jury, juror, decision-making, empirical, experiment

26.

Aging Judges

Ohio State Law Journal, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 91 Posted: 06 Dec 2019
Francis X. Shen
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 250 (227,403)

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judges, brain, law and neuroscience, cognition, aging, mandatory retirement, judicial term limits, dementia, alzheimer's, decision-making

27.

Neuroscience, Artificial Intelligence, and the Case Against Solitary Confinement

21 Vanderbilt Journal of Entertainment & Technology Law 937 (2019)
Number of pages: 81 Posted: 03 Jul 2019
Francis X. Shen
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 222 (252,018)

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law and neuroscience, brain, solitary confinement, artificial intelligence, criminal justice, mental health, inmates, empirical

28.

The Limited Effect of Electroencephalography Memory Recognition Evidence on Assessments of Defendant Credibility

Journal of Law and the Biosciences (2017), lsx005. doi: 10.1093/jlb/lsx005
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 05 Jun 2017
University of Minnesota Law School, Shen Neurolaw Lab, University of Minnesota - Twin Cities, School of Law, Students, University of Minnesota - Twin Cities, Medical School, Department of Neuroscience, Students, University of Minnesota - Twin Cities, Medical School, Department of Neuroscience, Students, University of Minnesota - Twin Cities, School of Law, Students, Mount Holyoke College, Students, Shen Neurolaw Lab and Independent
Downloads 172 (317,580)

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Neurolaw, Law and Neuroscience, Brain, EEG, Memory Recognition, Deception, Lie Detection, Evidence, Rule 403, Electroencephalography

29.

Are Youth Sports Concussion Statutes Working?

56 Duquesne University Law Review 7 (2018) (Symposium Issue: Athletes, Veterans, and Neuroscience: A Symposium on Traumatic Brain Injury and Law)
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 17 May 2018
Francis X. Shen
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 156 (345,140)

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neuroscience, law, neurolaw, evidence, brain, traumatic brain injury, concussion, sports concussion, football, concussion statute, brain health, public health, liability

30.

How Dangerous are Youth Sports for the Brain? A Review of the Evidence

7 Berkeley Journal of Entertainment & Sports Law 67 (2018)
Number of pages: 126 Posted: 02 Sep 2018
University of Minnesota - Twin Cities, Shen Neurolaw Lab, University of Minnesota - Twin Cities, University of Minnesota - Twin Cities - School of Law and University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 155 (350,818)

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concussion, sports, brain, neurolaw, neuroscience, brain injury, football, hockey, athlete, law and neuroscience

31.

The Intersectionality of Age and Gender on the Bench: Are Younger Female Judges Harsher with Serious Crimes?

Morris B. Hoffman, Francis X. Shen, Vijeth Iyengar & Frank Krueger, The Intersection of Age and Gender on the Bench: Are Younger Female Judges Harsher With Serious Crimes?, 40.1 COLUM. J. GENDER & L. 128 (2020)
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 09 Nov 2020
Second Judicial District Court Judge, State of Colorado, University of Minnesota Law School, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services and George Mason University - Department of Psychology
Downloads 143 (370,461)
Citation 1

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judges, judging, neuroscience, law, neurolaw, aging, gender, punishment, empirical, criminal law, criminal sentencing

32.

Neuroscientific Evidence as Instant Replay

Journal of Law and the Biosciences (2016), doi:10.1093/jlb/lsw029, Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 16-23
Number of pages: 7 Posted: 19 Jul 2016 Last Revised: 28 Jul 2016
Francis X. Shen
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 108 (458,430)
Citation 1

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neurolaw, law and neuroscience, evidence, criminal law, law and psychology, expert testimony

33.

Sentencing Enhancement and the Crime Victim's Brain

46 Loyola University Chicago Law Journal 405 (2014)
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 18 Mar 2015 Last Revised: 07 Jul 2017
Francis X. Shen
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 104 (471,082)

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neurolaw, law, neuroscience, crime victim, brain, sentencing, enhancement, punishment, guidelines, criminal law, bodily injury, mental, physical

34.

Community Support for Mayoral Control of Urban School Districts: A Critical Reexamination

44 Education and Urban Society 342-267 (2012), Minnesota Legal Studies Research Paper No. 13-28
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 23 Jun 2013 Last Revised: 28 Sep 2014
Francis X. Shen
University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 82 (548,437)

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education, urban, mayoral control, mayor, governance, inequality, race, class, school board

35.

Quasi-Professional Negligence: A New Standard of Care for Volunteer Youth Sports Coaches

Warren Cormack, Joseph Graen, Jennifer Novo & Francis X. Shen, Quasi-Professional Negligence: A New Standard of Care for Volunteer Youth Sports Coaches, 20 Va. Sports & Ent. L.J. 127 (2021)
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 24 Aug 2022
Warren Cormack, Joseph Graen, Jennifer Novo and Francis X. Shen
affiliation not provided to SSRN, affiliation not provided to SSRN, affiliation not provided to SSRN and University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 42 (758,919)

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sports concussions, brain injury, standard of care, negilgence, youth sports, law and neuroscience, football

36.

The Failure of Youth Sports Concussion Laws and the Limits of Legislating Health Education

Sydney Diekmann, Christine Egan, Carly Rasmussen & Francis X. Shen, The Failure of Youth Sports Concussion Laws and the Limits of Legislating Health Education, 19 Yale Journal of Health Policy, Law, and Ethics 1 (2019)
Number of pages: 212 Posted: 16 Apr 2021
Shen Neurolaw Lab, University of Minnesota - Twin Cities, University of Minnesota - Twin Cities and University of Minnesota Law School
Downloads 26 (886,234)

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sports concussions, public health, law and neuroscience, brain, statutes, legislation