Mark Graham

University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute

Senior Research Fellow

1 St. Giles

University of Oxford

Oxford, Oxfordshire OX1 3JS

United Kingdom

http://www.geospace.co.uk

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

45

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CITATIONS
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Top 39,875

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4

Scholarly Papers (45)

1.

Hacking Code/Space: Confounding the Code of Global Capitalism

Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 30 Sep 2017
Matthew Zook and Mark Graham
University of Kentucky and University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute
Downloads 1,666 (8,713)

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Code/Space, Hacking, Airlines, Frequent Flyer, IT, Algorithms

2.

The Most Controversial Topics in Wikipedia: A Multilingual and Geographical Analysis

Global Wikipedia: International and Cross-Cultural Issues in Online Collaboration, Fichman P., Hara N., eds., Scarecrow Press, 2014
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 24 May 2013 Last Revised: 04 Jul 2014
University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey - School of Communication and Information (SC&I), University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute and Budapest University of Technology and Economics - Department of Theoretical Physics
Downloads 1,661 (8,786)

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3.

Geography/Internet: Ethereal Alternate Dimensions of Cyberspace or Grounded Augmented Realities?

Graham, M. 2013. Geography/Internet: Ethereal Alternate Dimensions of Cyberspace or Grounded Augmented Realities? The Geographical Journal 179(2) 177-182.
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 26 Oct 2012 Last Revised: 16 Apr 2015
Mark Graham
University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute
Downloads 1,260 (13,683)

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internet, cyberspace, geography, augmented reality, code/space

4.

Uneven Geographies of User-Generated Information: Patterns of Increasing Informational Poverty

Graham, M., Hogan, B., Straumann, R. K., and Medhat, A. 2014. Uneven Geographies of User-Generated Information: Patterns of Increasing Informational Poverty. Annals of the Association of American Geographers. 104(4). 746-764.
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 23 Jan 2014 Last Revised: 05 Jul 2015
University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute, University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute, University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute and University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute
Downloads 1,087 (17,205)

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Geographies of Knowledge, Geoweb, Internet Geography, Representation, Wikipedia

5.

The Knowledge Based Economy and Digital Divisions of Labour

Graham, M. 2014. The Knowledge Based Economy and Digital Divisions of Labour. In Companion to Development Studies, 3rd edition, eds v. Desai, and R. Potter. Hodder. 189-195.
Number of pages: 7 Posted: 06 Dec 2013 Last Revised: 04 Feb 2015
Mark Graham
University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute
Downloads 1,048 (18,114)

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6.

Volunteered Geographic Information and Crowdsourcing Disaster Relief: A Case Study of the Haitian Earthquake

Number of pages: 27 Posted: 14 Feb 2013
University of Kentucky, University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute, University of Kentucky and FortiusOne
Downloads 775 (28,169)
Citation 1

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Haiti, OpenStreetMap, Ushahidi, GeoCommons, volunteered geographic information, crowdsourcing

7.

The Virtual Dimension

Global City Challenges: Debating a Concept, Improving the Practice, M. Acuto and W. Steele, 2013. London: Palgrave. 117-139.
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 07 Feb 2013 Last Revised: 16 Jul 2014
Mark Graham
University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute
Downloads 711 (31,711)

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8.

Using Geotagged Digital Social Data in Geographic Research

Pre-publication version of chapter submitted to: Key Methods in Geography., eds. N. Clifford, S. French, M. Cope, and S. Gillespie. Forthcoming
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 25 Oct 2014
Singapore University of Technology and Design (SUTD), University of Kentucky, Mississippi State University, University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute and Department of Geography
Downloads 694 (32,792)

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big data, methodology, geoweb, social media, GIS

9.

Where in the World are You? Geolocation and Language Identification in Twitter

Professional Geographer, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 06 Aug 2013
Mark Graham, Scott A. Hale and Devin Gaffney
University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute, Oxford Internet Institute, University of Oxford and University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute
Downloads 554 (44,126)

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Geography, Language, Twitter

10.

Digital Labour

Graham, M. and Anwar, M. A., Labour, in Ash, Kitchin and Leszczynski (eds) 'Digital Geographies’, Sage: London (2018: Forthcoming)
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 29 Jun 2017 Last Revised: 17 Apr 2018
Mark Graham and Mohammad Amir Anwar
University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute and Oxford Internet Institute, University of Oxford
Downloads 520 (48,343)

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Digital labour, Spatio-temporal fix, digital space, labour geographies

11.

Mapping Zombies: A Guide for Digital Pre-Apocalyptic Analysis and Post-Apocalyptic Survival

Zombies in the Academy: Living Death in Higher Education, A. Whelan, R. Walker and C. Moore, eds., University of Chicago Press, 2013
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 23 Jun 2013
Mark Graham, Taylor Shelton and Matthew Zook
University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute, University of Kentucky and University of Kentucky
Downloads 511 (48,834)

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12.

Geography and the Future of Big Data, Big Data and the Future of Geography

Graham, M., and Shelton, T. (2013) Geography and the Future of Big Data, Big Data and the Future of Geography. Dialogues in Human Geography 3(3) 255-261
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 12 Dec 2013
Mark Graham and Taylor Shelton
University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute and University of Kentucky
Downloads 504 (49,876)

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Big data, Geographic thought, Positivism

13.

The Impact of Connectivity in Africa: Grand Visions and the Mirage of Inclusive Digital Development

Electronic Journal of Information Systems in Developing Countries. (Forthcoming)
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 20 Oct 2016
University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute, University of Oxford and University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute
Downloads 438 (59,231)

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connectivity, Internet, discourse analysis, economic development, inequality, modernism, digital development

14.

Mapping the Data Shadows of Hurricane Sandy: Uncovering the Sociospatial Dimensions of ‘Big Data’

Geoforum 52: 167-179, 2014
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 16 Jan 2014 Last Revised: 05 Sep 2015
Mississippi State University, Singapore University of Technology and Design (SUTD), University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute and University of Kentucky
Downloads 396 (66,907)

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big data, geoweb, Hurricane Sandy, mixed methods, socio-spatial theory, Twitter

15.

Mapping Information Wealth and Poverty: The Geography of Gazetteers

Graham, M. and De Sabbata, S. 2016. Mapping Information Wealth and Poverty: The Geography of Gazetteers. Environment and Planning A., Forthcoming
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 01 Apr 2015 Last Revised: 30 Apr 2015
Mark Graham and Stefano De Sabbata
University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute and University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute
Downloads 394 (67,288)

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16.

Semantic Cities: Coded Geopolitics and the Rise of the Semantic Web

'Code and the City' (in press) edited by Rob Kitchin and Sung-Yueh Perng, published by Routledge, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 03 Nov 2015
Heather Ford and Mark Graham
University of New South Wales (UNSW) - Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences and University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute
Downloads 348 (77,817)

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data politics, semantic web, linked data, search, Wikipedia, Wikidata, Google, representation, critical data studies

17.

Introduction to: Society and the Internet

Dutton, W. H. and Graham, M. 2014. Introduction. In Society and the Internet: How Networks of Information and Communication are Changing our Lives, eds M. Graham and W. H. Dutton. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 1-20.
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 03 Jul 2014
William H. Dutton and Mark Graham
Michigan State University - Quello Center and University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute
Downloads 347 (78,307)

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18.

Internet Geographies: Data Shadows and Digital Divisions of Labour

Graham, M. 2014. Internet Geographies: Data Shadows and Digital Divisions of Labour. In Society and the Internet: How Networks of Information and Communication are Changing our Lives, eds M. Graham and W. H. Dutton. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 99-116.
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 11 Jun 2014
Mark Graham
University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute
Downloads 347 (78,063)

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19.

Digital Divisions of Labor and Informational Magnetism: Mapping Participation in Wikipedia

Graham, M., Straumann, R. K., and Hogan, B. 2015. Digital Divisions of Labor and Informational Magnetism: Mapping Participation in Wikipedia Annals of the Association of American Geographers. 105(6) 1158-1178. doi:10.1080/00045608.2015.1072791. Forthcoming
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 09 Sep 2015 Last Revised: 02 Dec 2015
Mark Graham, Ralph Straumann and Bernie Hogan
University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute, University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute and University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute
Downloads 333 (82,152)

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participation, digital divide, information geography, digital labour, Wikipedia

20.

Geographical Imagination and Technological Connectivity in East Africa

Graham, M., Andersen, C., and Mann, L. 2015 Geographies of Connectivity in East Africa: Trains, Telecommunications, and Technological Teleologies. Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers 40(3) 334-349.
Number of pages: 43 Posted: 29 Oct 2014 Last Revised: 07 Dec 2015
Mark Graham, Casper Andersen and Laura Mann
University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute, Independent and London School of Economics & Political Science (LSE) - Department of International Development
Downloads 304 (90,607)

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paper, East Africa broadband, connectivity, transportation, East Africa, discourse analysis, railways, fibre-optic cables, power-geometry

21.

Uneven Openness: Barriers to MENA Representation on Wikipedia

Graham, M., and Hogan, B. 2014. Uneven Openness: Barriers to MENA Representation on Wikipedia. Oxford Internet Institute Report, Oxford UK.
Number of pages: 140 Posted: 04 May 2014
Mark Graham and Bernie Hogan
University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute and University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute
Downloads 257 (108,984)

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22.

Information Geographies and Geographies of Information

Graham, M. 2015. Information Geographies and Geographies of Information. New Geographies 7. 159-166.
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 28 Sep 2015
Mark Graham
University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute
Downloads 248 (113,053)

Abstract:

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internet geography, information geography, geography of information, information, geography

23.

Beyond the Geotag: Situating 'Big Data' and Leveraging the Potential of the Geoweb

Crampton, J. W., M. Graham, A. Poorthuis, T. Shelton, M. Stephens, M. W. Wilson, and M. Zook. 2013. Beyond the Geotag: Situating 'big data' and leveraging the potential of the geoweb. Cartography and Geographic Information Science. 40(2): 130-139.
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 20 Apr 2013 Last Revised: 21 Jul 2014
University of Kentucky - Department of Geography, University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute, Singapore University of Technology and Design (SUTD), University of Kentucky, State University of New York (SUNY) - Department of Geography, University of Kentucky - Department of Geography and University of Kentucky
Downloads 232 (120,444)

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geoweb, #LexingtonPoliceScanner, big data, Twitter, geotag

24.

Augmented Reality in Urban Places: Contested Content and the Duplicity of Code

Graham, M., M. Zook., and A. Boulton. 2013. Augmented Reality in the Urban Environment: contested content and the duplicity of code. Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers. 38(3), 464-479.
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 23 Apr 2014
Mark Graham, Matthew Zook and Andrew Boulton
University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute, University of Kentucky and University of Kentucky - Department of Geography
Downloads 216 (129,237)

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augmented reality, place, information, code, Internet, Estonia

25.

Crowd-Sourced Augmented Realities: Social Media and the Power of Digital Representation

Pre-publication version of a chapter in Zook, M., Graham, M., and Boulton, A. 2015. Crowd-sourced Augmented Realities: Social Media and the Power of Digital Representation. In Mediated Geographies International Handbook. eds. Mains, S., Cupples, J.,and Lukinbeal, C. New York: Springer. 223-242
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 23 Jul 2014 Last Revised: 01 Dec 2015
Matthew Zook, Mark Graham and Andrew Boulton
University of Kentucky, University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute and University of Kentucky - Department of Geography
Downloads 208 (133,917)

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augmented realities, geoweb, social media, geography, internet

26.

Digitally Augmented Geographies

Graham, M. 2017. Digitally Augmented Geographies. In Understanding Spatial Media. eds. Kitchin, R., Lauriault, T. P., and Wilson, M. W. London: Sage. 44-55.
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 08 Mar 2017
Mark Graham
University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute
Downloads 159 (170,685)

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27.

The Domestic Turn: Business Processing Outsourcing and the Growing Automation of Kenyan Organisations

Mann, L., and Graham, M. (2016). The Domestic Turn: Business Processing Outsourcing and the Growing Automation of Kenyan Organisations. Journal of Development Studies, (Forthcoming).
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 11 May 2015 Last Revised: 22 Mar 2016
Laura Mann and Mark Graham
London School of Economics & Political Science (LSE) - Department of International Development and University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute
Downloads 155 (174,403)

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28.

A Critical Perspective on the Potential of the Internet at the Margins of the Global Economy

Graham, M. 2014. A Critical Perspective on the Potential of the Internet at the Margins of the Global Economy. In Society and the Internet: How Networks of Information and Communication are Changing our Lives, eds M. Graham and W. H. Dutton. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 301-318
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 11 Jun 2014
Mark Graham
University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute
Downloads 142 (187,565)

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29.

Contradictory Connectivity: Spatial Imaginaries and Techno-Mediated Positionalities in Kenya's Outsourcing Sector

Environment and Planning A., Forthcoming
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 22 Jan 2015 Last Revised: 29 Sep 2015
Mark Graham
University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute
Downloads 131 (201,288)

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connectivity, spatial imaginaries, Kenya, information and communication technologies, outsourcing

30.

Reconsidering the Role of the Digital in Global Production Networks

Global Networks, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 15 Apr 2016
Christopher Foster and Mark Graham
Information School, University of Sheffield and University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute
Downloads 117 (218,144)

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Global Production Networks, Information and Communication Technology, Internet, Network Society, Sub-Saharan Africa

31.

Re: Search

Graham, M. Schroeder, R. and Taylor, G. (2013) Re: Search. New Media & Society. 15(8). 1366-1373.
Number of pages: 7 Posted: 24 May 2013 Last Revised: 06 Oct 2014
Mark Graham, Ralph Schroeder and Greg Taylor
University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute, University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute and University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute
Downloads 114 (222,264)

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Search engines, information seeking, bias, social mirroring, power

32.

Social Media and the Academy: New Publics or Public Geographies?

Graham, M. 2013. Social Media and the Academy: New Publics or Public Geographies? Dialogues in Human Geography 3(1) 77-80.
Number of pages: 5 Posted: 26 May 2013
Mark Graham
University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute
Downloads 107 (232,627)

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information, internet geography, publics, representation, voice

Workers of the Internet Unite? Online Freelancer Organisation Among Remote Gig Economy Workers in Six Asian and African Countries

Wood A.J, Lehdonvirta V and Graham M (2018) Workers of the Internet unite? Online freelancer organisation among remote gig economy workers in six Asian and African countries. New Technology, Work and Employment 33(2):95-112.
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 31 Jul 2018
Alex Wood, Vili Lehdonvirta and Mark Graham
Oxford Internet Institute, University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute and University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute
Downloads 75 (314,189)

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freelance, gig economy, collective action, collective organisation, union, Southeast Asia, Sub-Saharan Africa, digital labour

34.

Warped Geographies of Development: The Internet and Theories of Economic Development

Geography Compass, Vol. 2, No. 3, pp. 771-789, 2008
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 19 Dec 2009
Mark Graham
University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute
Downloads 70 (303,135)
Citation 1

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international trade, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), networks, globalization, poverty, technology, neoliberalism, internet, development, ICT, disintermediation

35.

Neogeography and the Palimpsests of Place: Web 2.0 and the Construction of a Virtual Earth

Tijdschrift voor Economische en Sociale Geografie, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 21 Dec 2009
Mark Graham
University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute
Downloads 63 (325,881)
Citation 2

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Cyberspace, information and communication technologies (ICTs), Internet, neogeography, virtual Earths, Web 2.0

36.

Provenance, Power and Place: Linked Data and Opaque Digital Geographies

Environment and Planning D: Society and Space, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 23 Aug 2016
Heather Ford and Mark Graham
University of New South Wales (UNSW) - Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences and University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute
Downloads 60 (328,593)

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37.

Wikipedia Arabe et la Construction Collective du Savoir (Wikipedia Arabic and the Collective Construction of Knowledge)

Wikipedia, Objet scientifique non identifie. Barbe, L. and Parzeau, L. (Edts). Collection Information/Communication. Presses Universitaires de Paris Ouest. 2014 (in press)
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 26 Apr 2015
Ilhem Allagui, Mark Graham and Bernie Hogan
American University of Sharjah, University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute and University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute
Downloads 50 (357,890)

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Wikipedia Arabe, Cartographie, Contenu Wikipedia, Barrières à la participation, Web Arabe

38.

Rethinking the Geoweb and Big Data: Future Research Directions

Graham, M. 2018. Rethinking the Geoweb and Big Data: Future Research Directions. In Thinking Big Data in Geography: New Regimes, New Research. Thatcher, J., Eckert, J., and Shears, A. (eds). University of Nebraska Press. Lincoln. 231-236.
Number of pages: 6 Posted: 24 Apr 2018
Mark Graham
University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute
Downloads 45 (380,739)

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big data, geography, geoweb

39.

Thai Silk Dot Com: Authenticity, Altruism, Modernity and Markets in the Thai Silk Industry

Graham, M. 2013. Thai Silk Dot Com: Authenticity, Altruism, Modernity and Markets in the Thai Silk Industry. Globalizations. 10(2) 211-230, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 26 Apr 2013
Mark Graham
University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute
Downloads 44 (377,263)

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Internet, Thailand, Silk, Craft, Representation

40.

Local Geographies of Digital Inequality

Number of pages: 38 Posted: 03 Feb 2017
Grant Blank, Mark Graham and Claudio Calvino
Oxford Internet Institute, University of Oxford, University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute and Capgemini UK
Downloads 42 (384,332)

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small area estimation (SAE), Internet use, geographical inequality, digital divide, Great Britain

41.

Digital Connectivity and African Knowledge Economies

Graham, et al. (2017) Digital Connectivity and African Knowledge Economies, Questions de Communication, 32, 345-360
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 27 Jul 2018
University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute, University of Oxford, Oxford Internet Institute, University of Oxford and University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute
Downloads 34 (435,776)

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Sub-Saharan Africa, Knowledge Economy, Connectivity, Economic Geography, Outsourcing, Digital Entrepreneurship

42.

Urban Food Futures: ICTs and Opportunities

Choi, J. H-j., and Graham, M. 2014. Urban Food Futures: ICTs and Opportunities. Futures. 62 (B; October). 151-154.
Number of pages: 4 Posted: 29 Oct 2014
Jaz Choi and Mark Graham
Queensland University of Technology - Institute for Creative Industries and Innovation and University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute
Downloads 33 (418,507)

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43.

Do Information and Communication Technologies Really Eliminate Corruption and Improve Peer-to-Peer Participation? Behind the Scenes at the Kenyan and Rwandan Governments

ASA 2013 Annual Meeting Paper
Posted: 22 Mar 2013
Laura Mann and Mark Graham
London School of Economics & Political Science (LSE) - Department of International Development and University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute

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44.

The Creative Reconstruction of the Internet: Google and the Privatization of Cyberspace and Digiplace

Geoforum, Vol. 38, pp. 1322-1343, 2007
Posted: 20 Dec 2009
Mark Graham
University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute

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Online mapping, Google, Code, Cyberspace, Critical cartography, Hybrid space, DigiPlace, Public space

45.

Good Gig, Bad Gig: Autonomy and Algorithmic Control in the Global Gig Economy

Wood AJ, Graham M, Lehdonvirta V, Hjorth I (2018) Good gig, bad gig: autonomy and algorithmic control in the global gig economy. Work, Employment and Society 0(0): 1-20.
Number of pages: 33
Oxford Internet Institute, University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute, University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute and University of Oxford - Oxford Internet Institute
Downloads 0

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