Michael N. Schmitt

Naval War College - Stockton Center for the Study of International Law

Stockton Professor and Director

686 Cushing Road

Newport, RI 02841

United States

http://www.usnwc.edu/Academics/Faculty/Michael-Schmitt.aspx

University of Exeter Law School

Professor of Public International Law

Exeter, EX4 4QJ

United Kingdom

http://socialsciences.exeter.ac.uk/law/staff/mschmitt/

Lieber Institute, USMA at West Point

Francis Lieber Distinguished Scholar

600 Thayer Rd

West Point, NY 10996

United States

Harvard Law School (PILAC)

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

63

DOWNLOADS
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23,771

CITATIONS
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Top 27,020

in Total Papers Citations

9

Scholarly Papers (63)

1.

Computer Network Attack and the Use of Force in International Law: Thoughts on a Normative Framework

Columbia Journal of Transnational Law, Vol. 37, 1998-99
Number of pages: 54 Posted: 19 May 2010
Michael N. Schmitt
Naval War College - Stockton Center for the Study of International Law
Downloads 1,325 (5,042)

Abstract:

computer, network, cyber, jus an bellum, use of force, international law, self-defense, self-defence, collective security

2.

Drone Attacks Under the Jus ad Bellum and Jus in Bello: Clearing the 'Fog of Law'

Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 03 Apr 2011
Michael N. Schmitt
Naval War College - Stockton Center for the Study of International Law
Downloads 1,305 (6,381)
Citation 1

Abstract:

drones, UAV, UAS, jus ad bellum, use of force, international humanitarian law, law of armed conflict

3.

Military Necessity and Humanity in International Humanitarian Law: Preserving the Delicate Balance

Virginia Journal of International Law, Vol. 50, No. 4, p. 795, 2010
Number of pages: 45 Posted: 05 May 2010 Last Revised: 14 Mar 2016
Michael N. Schmitt
Naval War College - Stockton Center for the Study of International Law
Downloads 1,009 (8,114)
Citation 1

Abstract:

humanity, necessity, humanitarian law, law of war, law of armed conflict, ihl, loac

4.

Humanitarian Law and Direct Participation in Hostilties by Private Contractors or Civilian Employees

Chicago Journal of International Law, Vol. 5, 2004-2005
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 20 May 2010
Michael N. Schmitt
Naval War College - Stockton Center for the Study of International Law
Downloads 779 (17,682)

Abstract:

IHL, humanitarian law, law of armed conflict, direct participation, civilians

5.

Cyber Operations and the Jus in Bello: Key Issues

Naval War College International Law Studies, 2011
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 03 Apr 2011
Michael N. Schmitt
Naval War College - Stockton Center for the Study of International Law
Downloads 670 (23,705)

Abstract:

cyber, information operations, law of armed conflict, international humanitarian law

6.

The Tyranny of Context: Israeli Targeting Practices in Legal Perspective

37 University of Pennsylvania Journal of International Law 53-139 (2015)
Number of pages: 88 Posted: 13 Apr 2015 Last Revised: 15 Nov 2015
Michael N. Schmitt and John J. Merriam
Naval War College - Stockton Center for the Study of International Law and Government of the United States of America - Judge Advocate General's Corps
Downloads 617 (22,051)

Abstract:

Law of armed conflict, international humanitarian law, targeting, attack, Israel, Israel Defense Force, Military Advocate General, armed conflict

7.

The Law of Cyber Warfare: Quo Vadis?

25 Stanford Law & Policy Review 269-299 (2014)
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 06 Sep 2013 Last Revised: 16 Nov 2015
Michael N. Schmitt
Naval War College - Stockton Center for the Study of International Law
Downloads 536 (28,361)

Abstract:

cyber, cyber wars, sovereignty, jus ad bellum, use of force, self-defense, jus in bello, humanitarian law

8.

'Out of the Loop': Autonomous Weapon Systems and the Law of Armed Conflict

4 Harvard National Security Journal 231 (2013)
Number of pages: 51 Posted: 06 Feb 2013 Last Revised: 03 Jul 2014
Michael N. Schmitt and Jeffrey S. Thurnher
Naval War College - Stockton Center for the Study of International Law and Office of the US Army Judge Advocate General
Downloads 529 (25,431)

Abstract:

autonomous, humanitarian law, law of armed conflict, weapon

9.

Israeli Targeting: A Legal Appraisal

68:4 Naval War College Review 15-33 (Autumn 2015)
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 21 Apr 2015 Last Revised: 17 Sep 2015
John J. Merriam and Michael N. Schmitt
Government of the United States of America - Judge Advocate General's Corps and Naval War College - Stockton Center for the Study of International Law
Downloads 515 (31,313)

Abstract:

law of armed conflict, targeting, humanitarian law, Israel, Israel Defence Force

10.

Deconstructing Direct Participation in Hostilties: The Constitutive Elements

New York University Journal of International Law and Politics, Vol. 42, p. 697, 2010
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 05 May 2010 Last Revised: 10 Jun 2010
Michael N. Schmitt
Naval War College - Stockton Center for the Study of International Law
Downloads 508 (31,313)

Abstract:

Direct Participation, Constitutive Elements, Humanitarian Law, Law of War, Law of Armed Conflict

11.

Legitimacy Versus Legality Redux: Arming the Syrian Rebels

7 Journal of National Security Law and Policy 139-159 (2014)
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 15 Aug 2013 Last Revised: 20 Feb 2014
Michael N. Schmitt
Naval War College - Stockton Center for the Study of International Law
Downloads 500 (31,799)

Abstract:

Use of force, intervention, Humanitarian intervention, self-defense, countermeasures, armed conflict, state responsibility, Syria, rebels, insurgents

12.

Targeting and International Humanitarian Law in Afghanistan

Naval War College International Law Studies, pp. 307-339, 2009 , Israel Yearbook on Human Rights, Vol. 39, 2009
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 05 May 2010
Michael N. Schmitt
Naval War College - Stockton Center for the Study of International Law
Downloads 483 (39,637)

Abstract:

Afghanistan, targeting, IHL, LOAC, humanitarian law, law of war, law of armed conflict

13.

Investigating Violations of International Law in Armed Conflict

Havard National National Security Journal, Vol. 2, pp. 31-84, 2011
Number of pages: 54 Posted: 29 Sep 2010 Last Revised: 05 Jan 2011
Michael N. Schmitt
Naval War College - Stockton Center for the Study of International Law
Downloads 453 (45,762)
Citation 1

Abstract:

investigations, war crimes, international humanitararian law, law of armed conflict, IHL, human rights

14.

Autonomous Weapon Systems and International Humanitarian Law: A Reply to the Critics

Harvard National Security Journal Feature (2013)
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 05 Dec 2012 Last Revised: 09 Feb 2013
Michael N. Schmitt
Naval War College - Stockton Center for the Study of International Law
Downloads 438 (33,556)

Abstract:

international humanitarian law, law of armed conflict, robots, autonomous

Charting the Legal Geography of Non-International Armed Conflict

90 International Law Studies 1 (2014)
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 06 Jan 2014 Last Revised: 20 Feb 2014
Michael N. Schmitt
Naval War College - Stockton Center for the Study of International Law
Downloads 388 (57,909)

Abstract:

Geography, Common Article 2, Common Article 3, humanitarian law, law of armed conflict, geography, non-international armed conflict

Charting the Legal Geography of Non-International Armed Conflict

52 Military Law and the Law of War Review 93-102 (2013)
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 02 Feb 2015
Michael N. Schmitt
Naval War College - Stockton Center for the Study of International Law
Downloads 30 (387,844)

Abstract:

16.

'Below the Threshold' Cyber Operations: The Countermeasures Response Option and International Law

Virginia Journal of International Law, Vol. 54, 2014
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 14 Nov 2013 Last Revised: 07 Apr 2015
Michael N. Schmitt
Naval War College - Stockton Center for the Study of International Law
Downloads 410 (37,036)

Abstract:

cyber, State responsibility, countermeasures

17.

The Syrian Intervention: Assessing the Possible International Law Justifications

89 International Law Studies 744 (2013)
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 08 Sep 2013
Michael N. Schmitt
Naval War College - Stockton Center for the Study of International Law
Downloads 362 (53,294)

Abstract:

Syria, chemical weapons, humanitarian intervention, self-defense

18.

Human Shields in International Humanitarian Law

Columbia Journal of Transnational Law, Vol. 47, 2009
Number of pages: 48 Posted: 05 May 2010
Michael N. Schmitt
Naval War College - Stockton Center for the Study of International Law
Downloads 345 (52,554)

Abstract:

human shields, humanitarian law, law of armed conflict, law of war

19.

Asymmetrical Warfare and International Humanitarian Law

Air Force Law Review, Vol. 62, No. 1, 2007
Number of pages: 43 Posted: 09 May 2010
Michael N. Schmitt
Naval War College - Stockton Center for the Study of International Law
Downloads 325 (44,321)
Citation 3

Abstract:

asymmetrical warfare, asymmetry, humanitarian law, ihl, loac, law of armed conflict

20.

Bellum Americanum: the U.S. View of Twenty-First Century War and Its Possible Implications for the Law of Armed Conflict

Michigan Journal of International Law, Vol. 19, 1998
Number of pages: 40 Posted: 12 May 2010
Michael N. Schmitt
Naval War College - Stockton Center for the Study of International Law
Downloads 303 (58,640)

Abstract:

humanitarian law, law of armed conflict, IHL, LOAC, law of war, warfare, distinction, revolution in military affairs, RMA, jus ad bellum

21.

The Interpretive Guidance on the Notion of Direct Participation in Hostilities: A Critical Analysis

Harvard National Security Journal, Vol. 1, p. 5, 2010
Number of pages: 40 Posted: 08 May 2010
Michael N. Schmitt
Naval War College - Stockton Center for the Study of International Law
Downloads 301 (68,145)
Citation 1

Abstract:

Humanitarial Law, Law of War, Direct Participation, Civilians, Law of Armed Conflict

22.

Proxy Wars in Cyber Space: The Evolving International Law of Attribution

I(II) Fletcher Security Review 55-73 (2014)
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 01 Feb 2014 Last Revised: 16 Aug 2014
Michael N. Schmitt and Liis Vihul
Naval War College - Stockton Center for the Study of International Law and NATO Cooperative Cyber Defence Centre of Excellence
Downloads 253 (45,514)

Abstract:

23.

Attacking 'Islamic State' and the Khorasan Group: Surveying the International Law Landscape

53 Columbia Journal of Transnational Law Bulletin 1 (2014)
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 20 Nov 2014 Last Revised: 29 Nov 2014
Louise Arimatsu and Michael N. Schmitt
University of Exeter and Naval War College - Stockton Center for the Study of International Law
Downloads 248 (50,350)

Abstract:

islamic State, ISIS, ISIL, Syria, self-defense, use of force, Iraq, Khorasan

24.

Wings Over Libya: The No-Fly Zone in Legal Perspective

Yale Journal of International Law Online, Vol. 36, pp. 45-58, 2011
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 03 Apr 2011
Michael N. Schmitt
Naval War College - Stockton Center for the Study of International Law
Downloads 248 (82,342)

Abstract:

no-fly, no-flight, Libya, international humanitarian law, law of armed conflict

25.

Extraterritorial Lethal Targeting: Deconstructing the Logic of International Law

Columbia Journal of Transnational Law, Vol. 52, 2013
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 01 Mar 2013 Last Revised: 14 Feb 2014
Michael N. Schmitt
Naval War College - Stockton Center for the Study of International Law
Downloads 240 (78,301)

Abstract:

use of force, humanitarian law, law of armed conflict, self-defense, extraterritorial

26.

Characterization of Conflict: The Case of Iraq

Chatham House Project on Categorization of Conflict Discussion Paper
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 09 May 2010
Michael N. Schmitt
Naval War College - Stockton Center for the Study of International Law
Downloads 224 (98,071)

Abstract:

international armed conflict, non-international armed conflict, humanitarian law, occupation, law of war, law of armed conflict, IHL, LOAC

27.

The Principle of Discrimination in 21st Century Warfare

Yale Human Rights and Development Law Journal, Vol. 2, 1999
Number of pages: 40 Posted: 09 May 2010
Michael N. Schmitt
Naval War College - Stockton Center for the Study of International Law
Downloads 222 (101,435)

Abstract:

discrimination, distinction, IHL, humanitarian law, law of armed conflict, LOAC, conflict

28.

'On Target': Precision and Balance in the Contemporary Law of Targeting

7 Journal of National Security and Policy 379-409 (2014)
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 21 May 2014 Last Revised: 19 Jan 2015
Michael N. Schmitt and Eric W Widmar
Naval War College - Stockton Center for the Study of International Law and Stockton Center for the Study of International Law
Downloads 219 (79,238)

Abstract:

targeting, drones, autonomous weapon systems, cyber, law of armed conflict, international humanitarian law, balance, collateral damage, precautions in attack

29.

The Decline of International Humanitarian Law Opinio Juris and the Law of Cyber Warfare

Texas International Law Journal, Vol. 50, 2015
Number of pages: 43 Posted: 18 Aug 2014 Last Revised: 05 Jun 2015
Michael N. Schmitt and Sean Watts
Naval War College - Stockton Center for the Study of International Law and Creighton University School of Law
Downloads 217 (64,727)

Abstract:

humanitarian law; cyber; opinio juris, law of war,customary law

30.

International Law in Cyberspace: The Koh Speech and the Tallinn Manual Justaposed

54 Harvard International Law Journal Online 13 (2012)
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 14 Dec 2012
Michael N. Schmitt
Naval War College - Stockton Center for the Study of International Law
Downloads 203 (95,995)

Abstract:

cyber, jus ad bellum, self-defense, use of force, humanitarian law

31.

Responding to Transnational Terrorism under the Jus Ad Bellum: A Normative Framework

Naval Law Review, Vol. 56, No. 1, 2008
Number of pages: 43 Posted: 19 May 2010
Michael N. Schmitt
Naval War College - Stockton Center for the Study of International Law
Downloads 180 (109,881)
Citation 1

Abstract:

terrorism, jus ad bellum, international law, border, self-defense, self-defence

32.

Drone Law: A Reply to UN Special Rapporteur Emmerson

Virginia Journal of International Law Digest, Vol. 55, No. 13, 2014
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 22 Aug 2014
Michael N. Schmitt
Naval War College - Stockton Center for the Study of International Law
Downloads 171 (111,377)

Abstract:

drones, remotely piloted aircraft, humanitarian law, use of force, extraterritorial, targeting, targeted killings, extrajudicial killings, jus ad bellum, jus in bello

33.

The Vanishing Law of War: Reflections on Law and War in the 21st Century

Harvard International Review, p. 64, Spring 2009
Number of pages: 6 Posted: 05 May 2010
Michael N. Schmitt
Naval War College - Stockton Center for the Study of International Law
Downloads 161 (133,743)

Abstract:

humanitarian law, law of war, law of armed conflict, IHL, LOAC, distinction

34.

Cyber Operations and the Jus Ad Bellum Revisited

56 VILLANOVA LAW REVIEW 569-606 (2011)
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 05 Dec 2012
Michael N. Schmitt
Naval War College - Stockton Center for the Study of International Law
Downloads 156 (74,740)

Abstract:

Jus ad bellum, cyber, self-defense, use of force, UN Charter, 2(4), 51

35.

Bellum Americanum Revisited: U.S. Security Strategy and the Jus Ad Bellum

Military Law Review, Vol. 176, p. 364, 2003
Number of pages: 58 Posted: 19 May 2010
Michael N. Schmitt
Naval War College - Stockton Center for the Study of International Law
Downloads 154 (120,640)

Abstract:

Use of force, jus ad bellum, international law, strategy, weapons of mass destruction, WMD, counterterrirism, terrorism, humanitarian intervention

36.

Cyber Countermeasures and Effects on Third Parties: The International Legal Regime

14 Baltic Yearbook of International Law 1 (2014)
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 14 Feb 2014 Last Revised: 28 Mar 2015
Michael N. Schmitt and M. Christopher Pitts
Naval War College - Stockton Center for the Study of International Law and Emory University School of Law
Downloads 147 (109,881)

Abstract:

countermeasures, cyber, State responsibility

37.

Clipped Wings: Effective and Legal No-Fly Zone Rules of Engagement

Loyola of Los Angeles International and Comparative Law Review, Vol. 20, 1998
Number of pages: 64 Posted: 28 Jun 2010
Michael N. Schmitt
Naval War College - Stockton Center for the Study of International Law
Downloads 146 (122,922)

Abstract:

no-fly, zone, ROE, rules of engagement, international law

38.

Rewired Warfare: Rethinking the Law of Cyber Attack

96(893) International Review of the Red Cross 189-206 (2014)
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 28 Jul 2014 Last Revised: 30 Sep 2015
Michael N. Schmitt
Naval War College - Stockton Center for the Study of International Law
Downloads 144 (87,014)

Abstract:

cyber operation, cyber attack, functionality test, humanitarian law

39.

Faultlines in the Law of Attack

TESTING THE BOUNDARIES OF INTERNATIONAL HUMANITARIAN LAW, Breau, Susan & Jachec-Neale, Agnieszka, eds., Chapter 9, pp. 277-307, British Institute of International and Comparative Law, 2006
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 20 May 2010
Michael N. Schmitt
Naval War College - Stockton Center for the Study of International Law
Downloads 144 (129,029)

Abstract:

IHL, attack, humanitarian law, LOAC, law of armed conflict, law of war, targeting, military objectives, civilian morale, leadership targeting, proportionality, human shields, and precautions in attack

40.

Targeting Narcoinsurgents in Afghanistan: The Limits of International Humanitarian Law

Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law, Vol. 12, pp. 1-20, 2009
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 08 May 2010 Last Revised: 21 Jun 2010
Michael N. Schmitt
Naval War College - Stockton Center for the Study of International Law
Downloads 144 (128,395)

Abstract:

Drugs, Afghanistan, Insurgency, Law of War, International Humanitarian Law, Law of Armed Conflict, Target

41.

21st Century Conflict: Can the Law Survive?

Melbourne Journal of International Law, Vol. 8, 2007
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 09 May 2010
Michael N. Schmitt
Naval War College - Stockton Center for the Study of International Law
Downloads 128 (153,614)

Abstract:

terrorism, asymmetry, asymmetrical warfare, jus ad bellum, jus in bello, IHL, humanitarian law, LOAC, law of armed conflict

42.

State Opinio Juris and International Humanitarian Law Pluralism

91 International Law Studies 171 (2015) , Texas International Law Journal, Vol. 50, No. 2015
Number of pages: 46 Posted: 12 May 2015
Michael N. Schmitt and Sean Watts
Naval War College - Stockton Center for the Study of International Law and Creighton University School of Law
Downloads 122 (118,391)

Abstract:

International Humanitarian Law, Law of War, Law of Armed Conflict, Opinio Juris, Public International Law, National Security Law

43.

Unmanned Combat Aircraft Systems (Armed Drones) and International Humanitarian Law: Simplifying the Oft Benighted Debate

30 BOSTON UNIVERSITY INTERNATIONAL LAW JOURNAL 595-619 (2012)
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 05 Dec 2012
Michael N. Schmitt
Naval War College - Stockton Center for the Study of International Law
Downloads 120 (156,320)

Abstract:

drones, UAV, UAS, UCAS, predator

44.

Classification of Cyber Conflict

17 Journal of Conflict and Security Law 245 (2012)
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 05 Dec 2012
Michael N. Schmitt
Naval War College - Stockton Center for the Study of International Law
Downloads 110 (152,751)

Abstract:

international humanitarian law, cyber, conflict, classification, non-international, international armed conflict

45.

'Attack' as a Term of Art in International Law: The Cyber Operations Context

PROCEEDINGS OF THE 4TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON CYBER CONFLICT 283-293 (Christian Czosseck, Rain Ottis & Katharina Ziolkowski eds., 2012)
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 05 Dec 2012
Michael N. Schmitt
Naval War College - Stockton Center for the Study of International Law
Downloads 108 (165,556)

Abstract:

cyber, attack, armed attack, international humanitarian law, self-defense

46.

'Change Direction' 2006: Israeli Operations in Lebanon and The International Law of Self-Defense

Michigan Journal of International Law, Vol. 29, 2008
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 05 May 2010
Michael N. Schmitt
Naval War College - Stockton Center for the Study of International Law
Downloads 107 (191,760)

Abstract:

Israel, Lebanon, Use of Force, Jus ad Bellum

47.

The Law of Cyber Targeting

Tallinn Paper No. 7
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 16 Jan 2015
Michael N. Schmitt
Naval War College - Stockton Center for the Study of International Law
Downloads 95 (125,242)
Citation 1

Abstract:

Cyber, humanitarian law, law of armed conflict, distinction, proportionality, precautions in attack

48.

The International Law of Unconventional Statecraft

5 Harvard National Security Journal 349-376 (2014)
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 27 Jan 2014 Last Revised: 17 Jun 2014
Michael N. Schmitt and Andru E Wall
Naval War College - Stockton Center for the Study of International Law and Stockton Center for International Law
Downloads 91 (195,492)

Abstract:

unconventional warfare, intervention, self-defense, armed attack, use of force, state responsibility

49.

Narrowing the International Law Divide: The Drone Debate Matures

39 Yale Journal of International Law Online 1-14 (2014)
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 14 Nov 2013 Last Revised: 25 Mar 2016
Michael N. Schmitt
Naval War College - Stockton Center for the Study of International Law
Downloads 87 (171,413)

Abstract:

drone, predator, unmanned, humanitarian law, human rights watch, amnesty international

50.

The Notion of ‘Objects’ During Cyber Operations: A Riposte in Defence of Interpretive and Applicative Precision

48 Israel Law Review 81-109 (2015)
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 31 Jan 2015
Michael N. Schmitt
Naval War College - Stockton Center for the Study of International Law
Downloads 82 (159,046)

Abstract:

cyber, data, object, humanitarian law, law of armed conflict, military objective

51.

Aerial Blockades in Historical, Legal and Practical Perspective

USAFA Journal of Legal Studies, Vol. 2, p. 21, 1991
Number of pages: 66 Posted: 09 May 2010
Michael N. Schmitt
Naval War College - Stockton Center for the Study of International Law
Downloads 79 (225,614)

Abstract:

blockade, air, aerial, air warfare, humanitarian law, IHL, law of armed conflict, loac

52.

Classification [Of Conflict] in Future Conflict

INTERNATIONAL LAW AND THE CLASSIFICATION OF CONFLICT 455-477 (Elizabeth Wilmshurst ed., Oxford University Press, 2012)
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 05 Dec 2012
Michael N. Schmitt
Naval War College - Stockton Center for the Study of International Law
Downloads 77 (173,443)

Abstract:

classification, international humanitarian law, international armed conflict, non-international, crime, future

53.

Status of Opposition Fighters in a Non-International Armed Conflict

88 NAVAL WAR COLLEGE INTERNATIONAL LAW STUDIES 119-144 (Kenneth Watkin & Andrew Norris eds., 2012)
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 05 Dec 2012
Michael N. Schmitt
Naval War College - Stockton Center for the Study of International Law
Downloads 73 (174,499)

Abstract:

international humanitarian law, direct participation, combatants, status

54.

The Nature of International Law Cyber Norms

Tallinn Papers No. 5 (NATO Cooperative Cyber Defence Centre of Excellence, Dec. 2014)
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 31 Dec 2014
Michael N. Schmitt and Liis Vihul
Naval War College - Stockton Center for the Study of International Law and NATO Cooperative Cyber Defence Centre of Excellence
Downloads 70 (185,694)

Abstract:

Cyber, international law

55.

Precision Air Warfare and the Law of Armed Conflict

89 International Law Studies 669 (2013)
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 11 Jul 2013
Christopher Markham and Michael N. Schmitt
Government of the United States of America - Marine Corps and Naval War College - Stockton Center for the Study of International Law
Downloads 69 (228,829)

Abstract:

international humanitarian law, air warfare, law of armed conflict, precision, law of war, air

56.

Debellatio

MAX PLANCK ENCYCLOPEDIA OF PUBLIC INTERNATIONAL LAW, 2009
Number of pages: 4 Posted: 19 May 2010
Michael N. Schmitt
Naval War College - Stockton Center for the Study of International Law
Downloads 67 (260,014)

Abstract:

debellatio, international law, subjugation

57.

Wound, Capture, or Kill? A Reply to Professor Ryan Goodman's 'The Power to Kill or Capture Enemy Combatants'

24 European Journal of International Law 855 (2013)
Number of pages: 7 Posted: 30 Sep 2013
Michael N. Schmitt
Naval War College - Stockton Center for the Study of International Law
Downloads 66 (238,987)

Abstract:

humanitarian law, law of war, law of armed conflict, capture

58.

In Defense of Due Diligence in Cyberspace

125 Yale Law Journal Forum 68 (2015)
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 24 Jun 2015
Michael N. Schmitt
Naval War College - Stockton Center for the Study of International Law
Downloads 62 (84,320)

Abstract:

Due diligence, cyber, countermeasures, state responsibility

59.

Effects-Based Operations and the Law of Aerial Warfare

Washington University Global Studies Law Review, Vol. 5, p. 265, 2006
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 20 May 2010
Michael N. Schmitt
Naval War College - Stockton Center for the Study of International Law
Downloads 58 (281,863)

Abstract:

aerial, air, effects-based, targeting, IHL, humanitarian law, LOAC, law of armed conflict

60.

Iraq (2003 Onwards)

INTERNATIONAL LAW AND THE CLASSIFICATION OF CONFLICT 356-386 (Elizabeth Wilmshurst ed., Oxford University Press, 2012)
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 05 Dec 2012
Michael N. Schmitt
Naval War College - Stockton Center for the Study of International Law
Downloads 21 (378,126)

Abstract:

international armed conflict, non-international, international humanitarian law, classification, Iraq

61.

Joint and Combined Targeting: System and Process

Weighing Lives in War (Jens Ohlin, Larry May & Claire Finkelstein eds. Oxford University Press 2017 Forthcoming)
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 30 Aug 2016
Naval War College - Stockton Center for the Study of International Law, Government of the United States of America - Stockton Center for the Study of International Law, Government of the United States of America - Stockton Center for the Study of International Law, Independent and Government of the United States of America - Stockton Center for the Study of International Law
Downloads 0 (326,886)

Abstract:

targeting, international humanitarian law, cyber

62.

Beyond State-Centrism: International Law and Non-State Actors in Cyberspace

21 Journal of Conflict and Security Law 1-17 (2016)
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 23 Mar 2016 Last Revised: 15 Aug 2016
Michael N. Schmitt and Sean Watts
Naval War College - Stockton Center for the Study of International Law and Creighton University School of Law
Downloads 0 (111,377)

Abstract:

cyber, non-state, sovereignty, state responsibility, jus ad bellum, self-defense, self-defence

63.

The Legality of Cross-Border Counterterrorist Operations into Pakistan: Clearing the 'Fog of Law'

Inter Alia (Durham University), Forthcoming
Posted: 09 May 2010 Last Revised: 23 Aug 2014
Michael N. Schmitt
Naval War College - Stockton Center for the Study of International Law

Abstract:

drone, humanitarian law, pakistan, use of force

Other Papers (1)

Total Downloads: 74    Citations: 0
1.

Cyberspace and International Law: The Penumbral Mist of Uncertainty

126 Harvard Law Review Forum 176 (2013)
Number of pages: 5 Posted: 17 Apr 2013
Michael N. Schmitt
Naval War College - Stockton Center for the Study of International Law
Downloads 46

Abstract:

Cyberspace, international law, cyber