Patrick J. Charles

Government of the United States of America - Air Force

Historian

Washington, DC

United States

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

29

DOWNLOADS
Rank 15,143

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Top 15,143

in Total Papers Downloads

4,717

SSRN CITATIONS

2

CROSSREF CITATIONS

1

Scholarly Papers (29)

1.

The 1792 National Militia Act, the Second Amendment, and Individual Militia Rights: A Legal and Historical Perspective

Georgetown Journal of Law & Public Policy, Vol. 9, No. 2, pg. 324, 2011
Number of pages: 70 Posted: 10 Nov 2010 Last Revised: 12 Oct 2011
Patrick J. Charles
Government of the United States of America - Air Force
Downloads 327 (130,289)

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second amendment, militia, national militia act, bear arms, well-regulated militia, ezell, mcdonald v. city of chicago, district of columbia v. heller, militia rights

The Constitutional Significance of a 'Well-Regulated Militia' Asserted and Proven with Commentary on the Future of Second Amendment Jurisprudence

Northeastern University Law Journal, Vol. 3, No. 1, 2011
Number of pages: 104 Posted: 08 Apr 2010 Last Revised: 15 Nov 2011
Patrick J. Charles
Government of the United States of America - Air Force
Downloads 244 (174,846)

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Second Amendment, Bear Arms, Have Arms, Keep Arms, Well-Regulated Militia, Militia

The Constitutional Significance of a 'Well-Regulated Militia' Asserted and Proven with Commentary on the Future of Second Amendment Jurisprudence

Northeastern University Law Journal, Vol. 3, No. 1, 2011
Number of pages: 65 Posted: 20 Apr 2010 Last Revised: 28 Sep 2013
Patrick J. Charles
Government of the United States of America - Air Force
Downloads 83 (410,560)

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Second Amendment, well-regulated militia, McDonald, Heller, bear arms, keep arms, militia

3.

'Arms for Their Defence?': An Historical, Legal, and Textual Analysis of the English Right to Have Arms and Whether the Second Amendment should Be Incorporated in McDonald v. City of Chicago

Cleveland State Law Review, Vol. 57, No. 3, 2009
Number of pages: 110 Posted: 12 Feb 2010
Patrick J. Charles
Government of the United States of America - Air Force
Downloads 266 (161,134)

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Second Amendment, Arms for Their Defence, English history, incorporation

4.

The Plenary Power Doctrine and the Constitutionality of Ideological Exclusions: An Historical Perspective

Texas Review of Law & Politics, Vol. 15, p. 61, 2010
Number of pages: 66 Posted: 01 Jun 2010 Last Revised: 23 Jan 2011
Patrick J. Charles
Government of the United States of America - Air Force
Downloads 241 (177,550)

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Plenary Power, Aliens, Ideological Exclusion, First Amendment, Mandel, Expulsion, Exclusion, Deportation

5.

Decoding the Fourteenth Amendment's Citizenship Clause: Unlawful Immigrants, Allegiance, Personal Subjection, and the Law

Washburn Law Journal, Vol. 51, No. 2, pg. 211, 2012
Number of pages: 50 Posted: 14 Oct 2011 Last Revised: 23 May 2012
Patrick J. Charles
Government of the United States of America - Air Force
Downloads 237 (180,374)

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Fourteenth Amendment, citizenship clause, immigration, birthright citizenship, jus soli, jus sanguinis, originalism, legal history, 1866 Civil Rights Act, Wong Kim Ark

6.

The Faces of the Second Amendment Outside the Home: History Versus Ahistorical Standards of Review

Cleveland State Law Review, Vol. 60, No. 1, pg. 1, 2012
Number of pages: 55 Posted: 05 Oct 2011 Last Revised: 03 Aug 2012
Patrick J. Charles
Government of the United States of America - Air Force
Downloads 225 (189,404)

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Second Amendment, McDonald v. City of Chicago, District of Columbia v. Heller, Statute of Northampton, public carry, conceal carry, originalism, historical guideposts, First Amendment, bear arms, keep arms

7.

The Second Amendment in Historiographical Crisis: Why the Supreme Court Must Reevaluate the Embarrassing 'Standard Model' Moving Forward

Fordham Urban Law Journal, Vol. 39, pg 1727, 2012
Number of pages: 139 Posted: 22 Jan 2013 Last Revised: 24 Feb 2013
Patrick J. Charles
Government of the United States of America - Air Force
Downloads 220 (193,634)

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Second Amendment, bear arms, keep arms, militia, well regulated militia, originalism, historicism, legal history, historical guideposts, standard model, Supreme Court, District of columbia v. Heller, McDonald v. City of Chicago

8.

Restoring 'Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness' in Our Constitutional Jurisprudence: An Exercise in Legal History

William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal, Vol. 20, p. 457
Number of pages: 76 Posted: 13 May 2011 Last Revised: 06 Jan 2012
Patrick J. Charles
Government of the United States of America - Air Force
Downloads 210 (202,174)

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originalism, Declaration of Independence, pursuit of happiness, legal history, presumption of liberty, natural rights, constitutional interpretation, Supreme Court

9.

Racist History and the Second Amendment: A Critical Commentary

43 Cardozo L. Rev. 1343 (2022)
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 04 Aug 2021 Last Revised: 09 May 2022
Patrick J. Charles
Government of the United States of America - Air Force
Downloads 185 (226,486)
Citation 1

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Second Amendment, racism, militias, racist history, slave patrols, bear arms, history-in-law, gun control

10.

The Second Amendment in the Twenty-First Century: What Hath Heller Wrought?

William & Mary Bill of Rights, Vol. 23, pg. 1143, 2015
Number of pages: 43 Posted: 03 Dec 2014 Last Revised: 15 May 2015
Patrick J. Charles
Government of the United States of America - Air Force
Downloads 185 (226,486)

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Second Amendment, public discourse, public opinion, District of Columbia v. Heller

11.

The Right of Self-Preservation and Resistance: A True Legal and Historical Understanding of the Anglo-American Right to Arms

Cardozo Law Review De Novo, Vol. 18, 2010
Number of pages: 43 Posted: 12 Feb 2010 Last Revised: 17 Oct 2011
Patrick J. Charles
Government of the United States of America - Air Force
Downloads 180 (231,929)

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Second Amendment, arms for their defence, right to arms, English history, incorporation, blackstone, right of self preseration, right of resistance

12.

The Faces of the Second Amendment outside the Home, Take Two: How We Got Here and Why It Matters

Cleveland State Law Review, Vol. 64, No. 3, 2016
Number of pages: 110 Posted: 26 May 2016
Patrick J. Charles
Government of the United States of America - Air Force
Downloads 178 (234,129)

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Second Amendment, Right to Arms, Armed Carriage, Carrying Arms, Bearing Arms, Concealed Weapons, Shall Issue, May Issue, National Rifle Association, Sullivan Law, Statute of Northampton, Standard Model, District of Columbia v. Heller, McDonald v. City of Chicago

13.

Recentering Foreign Affairs Preemption in Arizona v. United States: Federal Plenary Power, the Spheres of Government, and the Constitutionality of S.B. 1070

Cleveland State Law Review, Vol. 60, No. 1, pg. 133, 2012
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 09 Jan 2012 Last Revised: 03 Aug 2012
Patrick J. Charles
Government of the United States of America - Air Force
Downloads 170 (243,469)

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foreign affairs preemption, implied preemption, immigration, Arizona v. United States, S.B. 1070, unlawful aliens

14.

Originalism, John Marshall, and the Necessary and Proper Clause: Resurrecting the Jurisprudence of Alexander Addison

Cleveland State Law Review, Vol. 58, p. 529, 2010
Number of pages: 46 Posted: 29 May 2010 Last Revised: 13 Feb 2011
Patrick J. Charles
Government of the United States of America - Air Force
Downloads 165 (249,605)

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Alexander Addison, John Marshall, Comstock, necessary and proper clause, McCulloch, Alien and Sedition Acts, George Washington, Supreme Court, impeachments, Samuel Chase, Bushrod Washington, constituion

15.

Weighing the Constitutionality of State Immigration Verification Laws in the Wake of Arizona v. United States

Journal of Civil Rights and Economic Development, Vol. 27, 2014, pg. 441
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 30 Jul 2012 Last Revised: 09 Jul 2015
Patrick J. Charles
Government of the United States of America - Air Force
Downloads 164 (250,879)

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immigration, deportation, S.B. 1070, Arizona v. United States, immigration verfication, fourth amendment, unlawful immigration, illegal immigration

16.

Saving the Press Clause from Ruin: The Customary Origins of a 'Free Press' as Interface to the Present and Future

Utah Law Review, Vol. 2012, No. 4, 2012, pg. 1691, Cleveland-Marshall Legal Studies Paper No. 2012563
Number of pages: 82 Posted: 28 Feb 2012 Last Revised: 15 May 2013
Patrick J. Charles and Kevin Francis O'Neill
Government of the United States of America - Air Force and Cleveland State University, Cleveland-Marshall College of Law
Downloads 163 (252,207)

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First Amendment, liberty of the press, freedom of the press, free press, constitution, history, originalism, textualism, intellectual history, press as technology

17.

Historicism, Originalism and the Constitution: The Use and Abuse of the Past in American Jurisprudence

McFarland Publishing 2014
Number of pages: 4 Posted: 10 Jan 2014
Patrick J. Charles
Government of the United States of America - Air Force
Downloads 144 (278,936)
Citation 1

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historicism, intentionalism, originalism, constitutional interpretation, legal history, law office history, history office law, living constitution, dead hand, history in law

18.

The 'Originalism is Not History' Disclaimer: A Historian's Rebuttal

63 Cleveland State Law Review Et Cetera 1, May 2015
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 06 May 2015
Patrick J. Charles
Government of the United States of America - Air Force
Downloads 142 (281,960)

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originalism, history in law

19.

The Second Amendment Standard of Review after McDonald: 'Historical Guideposts' and the Missing Arguments in McDonald v. City of Chicago

Akron Law Journal of Constitutional Law and Policy, Vol. 2, p. 7, 2010
Number of pages: 73 Posted: 09 Aug 2010 Last Revised: 17 Oct 2011
Patrick J. Charles
Government of the United States of America - Air Force
Downloads 141 (283,507)

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Second Amendment, Bear Arms, Keep Arms, Militia, Historical Guideposts, McDonald v. City of Chicago, District of Columbia v. Heller, Skoien, Fourteenth Amendment

20.

The Statute of Northampton by the Late Eighteenth Century: Clarifying the Intellectual Legacy

40 Fordham Urban Law Journal City Square 10
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 25 Apr 2013 Last Revised: 23 Dec 2013
Patrick J. Charles
Government of the United States of America - Air Force
Downloads 130 (301,805)

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Second Amendment, Statute of Northampton, bear arms, keep arms, outside the home, legal history, originalism

21.

Representation Without Documentation? Unlawfully Present Aliens, Apportionment, the Doctrine of Allegiance, and the Law

Brigham Young University Journal of Public Law, Vol. 25, pg. 35, 2010
Number of pages: 52 Posted: 02 Jun 2010 Last Revised: 19 Apr 2012
Patrick J. Charles
Government of the United States of America - Air Force
Downloads 123 (314,437)

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Apportionment, Census, Aliens, Illegal Aliens, Unlawful Aliens, Allegiance, Fourteenth Amendment, One Person One Vote, Vitter Amenmdent

Scribble Scrabble, the Second Amendment, and Historical Guideposts: A Short Reply to Lawrence Rosenthal and Joyce Lee Malcolm

Northwestern University Law Review Colloquy, Vol. 105, 2011
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 26 Nov 2010 Last Revised: 23 Feb 2011
Patrick J. Charles
Government of the United States of America - Air Force
Downloads 63 (478,398)

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Second Amendment, Lawrence Rosenthal, Joyce Lee Malcolm, Well-Regulated Militia, District of Columbia v. Heller, McDonald v. City of Chicago, Scribble Scrabble, Historical Gideposts

Scribble Scrabble, the Second Amendment, and Historical Guideposts: A Short Reply to Lawrence Rosenthal and Joyce Lee Malcolm

Northwestern University Law Review, Vol. 105, No. 4, p. 1821, 2012
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 21 Jan 2012
Patrick J. Charles
Government of the United States of America - Air Force
Downloads 56 (506,861)

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Second Amendment, Well-Regulated Militia, bear arms, gun control, public good, originalism, legal history

23.

History in Law, Mythmaking, and Constitutional Legitimacy - Symposium: History and Meaning of the Constitution

Cleveland State Law Review, Vol. 63, pg. 23, 2014
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 10 Oct 2014 Last Revised: 27 Dec 2014
Patrick J. Charles
Government of the United States of America - Air Force
Downloads 109 (342,165)

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history in law, historicism, originalism, myth, fact, mythmaking, constitution, constitutional interpretation, second amendment, press clause, fourteenth amendment, declaration of independence

24.

The Sudden Embrace of Executive Discretion in Immigration Law

55 Washburn Law Journal 59 (2015)
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 08 Aug 2015 Last Revised: 10 Mar 2016
Patrick J. Charles
Government of the United States of America - Air Force
Downloads 93 (379,425)

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immigration law, executive discretion, executive power, DACA, DAPA, plenary power doctrine, federal plenary power, history in law

25.

The Second Amendment and Militia Rights: Distinguishing Standard Model Legal Theory from the Historical Record

40 Fordham Urban Law Journal City Square 1
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 04 May 2013 Last Revised: 29 Sep 2013
Patrick J. Charles
Government of the United States of America - Air Force
Downloads 86 (398,097)

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Second Amendment, militia rights, originalism, legal history, legal theory, well regulated militia, bear arms

26.

The Second Amendment and the Basic Right to Transport Firearms for Lawful Purposes

Charleston Law Review, Vol. 13, p. 125 (2018)
Number of pages: 49 Posted: 14 May 2019
Patrick J. Charles
Government of the United States of America - Air Force
Downloads 61 (479,335)

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Second Amendment, history-in-law, historicism, District of Columbia v. Heller, McDonald v. City of Chicago, New York State Rifle & Pistol Association, Inc. v. City of New York, New York, "bear arms", transport arms, gun rights, gun control

27.

The Invention of the Right to 'Peaceable Carry' in Modern Second Amendment Scholarship

University of Illinois Law Review, 2021
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 09 Aug 2021
Patrick J. Charles
Government of the United States of America - Air Force
Downloads 49 (528,820)

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Second Amendment; peaceable carry, armed carriage, bear arms, Sir John Knight's Case, Rex v. Knight, Statute of Northampton, concealed carry, open carry

28.

The Faces of the Second Amendment Outside the Home, Take Three: Critiquing the Circuit Courts Use of History-in-Law

Cleveland State Law Review, Vol. 67, p. 197, 2019
Number of pages: 71 Posted: 25 Apr 2019 Last Revised: 29 Aug 2019
Patrick J. Charles
Government of the United States of America - Air Force
Downloads 42 (562,224)

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Second Amendment, history-in-law, keep arms, bear arms, District of Columbia v. Heller, McDonald v. City of Chicago,New York State Rifle & Pistol Association, Inc. v. City of New York, New York, outside the home, carry arms

29.

Finding History: How Captain Cortez Enloe's Journal Sheds New Light on the History of the World War II Air Commandos and Operation Thursday

Air Commando Journal, Vol. 3, No. 4, p. 11, 2014
Number of pages: 7 Posted: 29 Jan 2015
Patrick J. Charles
Government of the United States of America - Air Force
Downloads 35 (599,565)

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World War II, Air Commandos, Cortez Enloe, Orde C. Wingate, Louis Mountbatten, Philip Cochran, John Alison, Henry H. Arnold, revisionist history, historiography

Other Papers (2)

Total Downloads: 214
1.

Book Review: The Latino Threat by Leo R. Chavez

28 Journal of Immigration, Asylum, and Nationality Law 193, 2014
Number of pages: 4 Posted: 11 Dec 2014
Patrick J. Charles
Government of the United States of America - Air Force
Downloads 200

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Immigration, politics, unlawful immigration, deportation, Constitution

2.

Book Review: Governing Immigration Through Crime

28 Journal of Immigration, Asylum, and Nationality Law 409, 2014
Number of pages: 4 Posted: 11 Dec 2014
Patrick J. Charles
Government of the United States of America - Air Force
Downloads 14

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Immigration, politics, criminalization