Randy E. Barnett

Georgetown University Law Center

Carmack Waterhouse Professor of Legal Theory

600 New Jersey Avenue, NW

Washington, DC 20001

United States

http://www.randybarnett.com

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

63

DOWNLOADS
Rank 402

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Top 402

in Total Papers Downloads

47,437

SSRN CITATIONS
Rank 11,882

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 11,882

in Total Papers Citations

40

CROSSREF CITATIONS

50

Scholarly Papers (63)

1.

Commandeering the People: Why the Individual Health Insurance Mandate is Unconstitutional

NYU Journal of Law & Liberty, Vol. 5, 2010
Number of pages: 58 Posted: 22 Sep 2010 Last Revised: 16 Feb 2011
Randy E. Barnett
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 4,088 (2,433)

Abstract:

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constitutional law, constitutional interpretation, originalism, health insurance, health care reform

2.

The Ninth Amendment: It Means What it Says

Texas Law Review, Vol. 85, No. 1, 2006
Number of pages: 83 Posted: 25 Aug 2005
Randy E. Barnett
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 3,968 (2,529)

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Ninth Amendment, Constitution, Constitutional Law, originalism, originalist models of the Ninth Amendment, individual natural rights model, federalism model, state law rights model, collective rights model

3.

Was the Right to Keep and Bear Arms Conditioned on Service in an Organized Militia?

Boston Univ. School of Law Working Paper No. 03-12
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 23 Jul 2003 Last Revised: 28 Dec 2007
Randy E. Barnett
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 3,379 (3,337)

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4.

Scalia's Infidelity: A Critique of Faint-Hearted Originalism

University of Cincinnati Law Review, Vol. 75, No. 7, 2006
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 01 Feb 2006
Randy E. Barnett
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 3,310 (3,448)
Citation 3

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Justice Antonin Scalia, Constitutional Law, Originalism, original public meaning of constitutional text

5.

The Moral Foundations of Modern Libertarianism

VARIETIES OF CONSERVATISM IN AMERICA, Peter Berkowitz, ed., Hoover Press, 2004
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 10 Aug 2004
Randy E. Barnett
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 2,428 (5,836)
Citation 1

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libertarianism, jurisprudence, political theory, moral theory

6.

Whence Comes Section One? The Abolitionist Origins of the Fourteenth Amendment

Georgetown Public Law Research Paper No. 10-06
Number of pages: 101 Posted: 20 Jan 2010 Last Revised: 28 Oct 2015
Randy E. Barnett
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 1,858 (9,157)

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Fourteenth Amendment, originalism, abolitionism, abolitionist constitutionalism, slavery, constitution, privileges or immunities, due process, equal protection, citizenship, tenBroek,Weicek, William Nelson, Robert Cover

7.

Justice Kennedy's Libertarian Revolution: Lawrence V. Texas

Boston Univ. School of Law Working Paper No. 03-13
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 17 Jul 2003
Randy E. Barnett
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 1,691 (10,666)
Citation 6

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constitution, liberty, privacy, fundamental rights, sodomy, unenumerated rights

8.

The Original Meaning of the Judicial Power

Boston Univ. School of Law Working Paper No. 03-18
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 21 Aug 2003
Randy E. Barnett
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 1,633 (11,291)
Citation 1

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9.

The Imperative of Natural Rights in Today's World

Boston Univ. School of Law Working Paper No. 03-20
Number of pages: 6 Posted: 22 Aug 2003
Randy E. Barnett
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 1,397 (14,427)

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constitution, constitutional law, natural law, natural rights, justice

10.

The Original Meaning of the Necessary and Proper Clause

University of Pennsylvania Journal of Constitutional Law, Vol. 6, October 2003
Number of pages: 45 Posted: 29 May 2003
Randy E. Barnett
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 1,236 (17,365)
Citation 4

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constitution, congressional power, original meaning, originalism, constitutional interpretation, constitutional history

11.

The Letter and the Spirit: A Unified Theory of Originalism

Georgetown Law Journal, Vol. 107, No. 1, 2018
Number of pages: 56 Posted: 09 Oct 2017 Last Revised: 17 Nov 2018
Randy E. Barnett and Evan D. Bernick
Georgetown University Law Center and Judicial Clerk
Downloads 1,177 (18,708)

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12.

The Proper Scope of the Police Power

Notre Dame Law Review, Vol. 79
Number of pages: 61 Posted: 21 Aug 2003
Randy E. Barnett
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 1,117 (20,230)
Citation 1

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constitution, constitutional law, police power, state power, Fourteenth Amendment, Privileges or Immunities Clause, Ninth Amendment

13.

Afterword: The Libertarian Middle Way

Chapman Law Review, Vol. 16, pp. 349-365, 2013
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 23 Feb 2013 Last Revised: 17 Jun 2014
Randy E. Barnett
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 1,054 (22,039)

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libertarianism, legal moralists, social justice, liberty

14.

Interpretation and Construction

Harvard Journal of Law and Public Policy, Vol. 34, 2011
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 13 Mar 2012
Randy E. Barnett
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 983 (24,449)
Citation 2

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interpretation, construction, originalism, Constitutional interpretation, Constitutional theory

15.

Contract is Not Promise; Contract is Consent

Suffolk University Law Review, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 24 Mar 2011
Randy E. Barnett
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 969 (24,958)
Citation 7

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contract, promise, moral theory, law and ethics

16.

An Originalism for Nonoriginalists

Boston Univ. School of Law Working Paper 99-14
Number of pages: 40 Posted: 12 Apr 2000
Randy E. Barnett
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 941 (26,003)
Citation 3

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17.

No Small Feat: Who Won the Health Care Case (and Why Did so Many Law Professors Miss the Boat)?

Florida Law Review, Vol. 65, pp. 1331-1350, 2013
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 15 Feb 2013 Last Revised: 28 Oct 2013
Randy E. Barnett
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 938 (26,127)

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Commerce Clause, tax power, health insurance mandate, Congress, Supreme Court, constitutional law, insurance law

18.

From Antislavery Lawyer to Chief Justice: The Remarkable But Forgotten Career of Salmon P. Chase

63 Case Western Reserve Law Review, pp. 653-702, 2013
Number of pages: 51 Posted: 29 Aug 2012 Last Revised: 15 Sep 2016
Randy E. Barnett
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 907 (27,435)

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antislavery, Justice Chase, constitutional abolitionists, abolition of slavery, constitutionalists, civil rights, political history

19.

Trumping Precedent with Original Meaning: Not as Radical as it Sounds

Boston Univ. School of Law Working Paper No. 05-08
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 04 May 2005
Randy E. Barnett
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 898 (27,833)
Citation 2

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constitution, originalism, interpretation, precedent, stare decisis

20.

The Harmful Side Effects of Drug Prohibition

Utah Law Review, pp. 11-34, 2009
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 13 Mar 2012
Randy E. Barnett
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 893 (28,053)
Citation 1

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Drug prohibition, Drug laws, Drug policy, Law enforcement, Criminal law

21.

The People or the State?: Chisholm V. Georgia and Popular Sovereignty

Virginia Law Review, Vol. 93
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 13 Mar 2007
Randy E. Barnett
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 867 (29,227)

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constitutional law, federalism, sovereignty, chisholm, Eleventh Amendment

22.

No Arbitrary Power: An Originalist Theory of the Due Process of Law

Number of pages: 63 Posted: 26 Mar 2018 Last Revised: 03 Aug 2018
Randy E. Barnett and Evan D. Bernick
Georgetown University Law Center and Judicial Clerk
Downloads 831 (31,096)

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23.

Underlying Principles

Constitutional Commentary, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 02 Jan 2007
Randy E. Barnett
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 799 (32,803)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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constitution, originalism

24.
Downloads 733 ( 36,902)

Constitutional Legitimacy

Boston Univ. School of Law Working Paper 01-19
Number of pages: 50 Posted: 21 Nov 2001
Randy E. Barnett
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 733 (36,360)

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Constitutional Legitimacy

Boston Univ. School of Law Working Paper 01-19
Posted: 06 Feb 2008
Randy E. Barnett
Georgetown University Law Center

Abstract:

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25.

Foreword: What's so Wicked About Lochner?

NYU Journal of Law & Liberty, Vol. 1, No. 1, pp. 1-9
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 12 May 2005
Randy E. Barnett
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 678 (40,968)
Citation 2

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Lochner, due process, substantive due process, Fourteenth Amendment, original meaning, originalism, Due Process Clause, Privileges or Immunities Clause, Constitution

26.

Is the Constitution Libertarian?

Cato Supreme Court Review, 2008-2009
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 14 Jul 2009
Randy E. Barnett
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 674 (41,282)

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Constitution, libertarian, libertarianism, rights, sovereignty, natural rights

27.

Who's Afraid of Unenumerated Rights?

University of Pennsylvania Journal of Constitutional Law, Vol. 9, p. 1, October 2006
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 03 Feb 2006
Randy E. Barnett
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 601 (48,089)

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unenumerated rights, Ninth Amendment, Privileges or Immunities Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment, Fourteenth Amendment, legislative sovereignty, role of judges, Constitutional Law

28.

Three Federalisms

Symposium on Checks and Balances Today: The Reality of Separation of Powers, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 25 May 2007
Randy E. Barnett
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 583 (50,059)

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constitution, federalism, states rights, originalism, reconstruction, new deal

29.

Grading Justice Kennedy: A Reply to Professor Carpenter

Minnesota Law Review, Vol. 89, p. 1500, 2005
Number of pages: 8 Posted: 30 Mar 2005
Randy E. Barnett
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 524 (57,259)

Abstract:

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Constitutional law, Jurisprudence, Legal Philosophy

30.

We the People: Each and Every One

Yale Law Journal, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 40 Posted: 17 Apr 2014
Randy E. Barnett
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 519 (57,958)

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popular sovereignty, presumed consent, popular consent, higher law, textualism, originalism

31.

Scrutiny Land

Michigan Law Review, Vol. 106, 2008
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 16 Mar 2012
Randy E. Barnett
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 441 (70,840)

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Constitutional law, Individual liberties, Fundamental rights, Lawrence v. Texas

32.

Why You Should Read My Book Anyhow: A Reply to Trevor Morrison

Cornell Law Review, Vol. 90, p. 101, 2005
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 31 Mar 2005
Randy E. Barnett
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 422 (74,700)

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presumption of liberty, constitutional legitimacy, constitutional method, originalism, constitutional liberty

33.

The Gravitational Force of Originalism

Fordham Law Review, Vol. 82, pp. 411-432, 2013
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 25 Feb 2013 Last Revised: 07 Dec 2013
Randy E. Barnett
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 421 (74,910)
Citation 1

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Originalism, Supreme Court, Congress, Commerce Clause

34.

Jack Balkin's Interaction Theory of 'Commerce'

University of Illinois Law Review, pp. 623-667, 2012
Number of pages: 47 Posted: 06 Apr 2011 Last Revised: 25 Sep 2012
Randy E. Barnett
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 412 (76,906)

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constitutional law, interstate commerce, trade

35.

The Misconceived Assumption About Constitutional Assumptions

Georgetown University O'Neill Institute for National & Global Health Law Scholarship Paper No. 1285485
Number of pages: 53 Posted: 09 Dec 2008
Randy E. Barnett
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 402 (79,043)
Citation 3

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constitutional interpretation, construction

36.

Foreword: Limiting Raich

Lewis & Clark Law Review, Vol. 9
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 11 Nov 2005
Randy E. Barnett
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 374 (86,059)

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Constitutional Law, Copntrolled Substance Act, Gonzales v. Raich, U.S. v. Lopez, U.S. v. Morrison, the Commerce Clause, federalism

37.

Kurt Lash's Majoritarian Difficulty

Stanford Law Review, Vol. 60, 2008
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 02 Jan 2008 Last Revised: 10 Jan 2008
Randy E. Barnett
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 370 (87,093)

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constitution, ninth amendment, rights, fourteenth amendmentment, unenumerated rights

38.

Foreword: Why Popular Sovereignty Requires the Due Process of Law to Challenge 'Irrational or Arbitrary' Statutes

Georgetown Journal of Law & Public Policy, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 19 Apr 2016
Randy E. Barnett
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 360 (89,856)
Citation 1

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Constitutional law, Due Process, popular sovereignty

39.

Does the Constitution Protect Economic Liberty?

Harvard Journal of Law and Public Policy, Vol. 35, 2012
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 13 Mar 2012
Randy E. Barnett
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 319 (102,978)

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Lochner v. New York, economic liberty, constitutional law

40.

The Disdain Campaign

Harvard Law Review Forum, Vol. 126, pp. 1-12, 2012
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 30 Nov 2012
Randy E. Barnett
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 241 (138,186)

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Supreme Court, Congress, disdain, Justices

41.

Welcome to the New Originalism: A Comment on Jack Balkin's Living Originalism

Jerusalem Review of Legal Studies, 2013
Number of pages: 8 Posted: 06 Apr 2013
Randy E. Barnett
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 234 (142,178)

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originalism, constitutional interpretation

42.

After All These Years, Lochner Was Not Crazy — It Was Good

Georgetown Journal of Law & Public Policy, Vol. 16, No. 2, 2018
Number of pages: 8 Posted: 10 Dec 2018
Randy E. Barnett
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 204 (162,030)

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Lochner, Due Process, Fourteenth Amendment, Original Meaning, Originalism, Constitution

43.

New Evidence of the Original Meaning of the Commerce Clause

Arkansas Law Review, Vol. 55, 2003
Number of pages: 55 Posted: 14 Mar 2012
Randy E. Barnett
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 171 (189,865)

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Commerce Clause, Original meaning, Constitution

44.

The Privileges or Immunities Clause Abridged: A Critique of Kurt Lash on the Fourteenth Amendment

Notre Dame Law Review, Vol. 95, Issue 2, Pp. 499.
Number of pages: 93 Posted: 02 Apr 2019 Last Revised: 09 Feb 2020
Randy E. Barnett and Evan D. Bernick
Georgetown University Law Center and Judicial Clerk
Downloads 151 (210,936)

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45.

Three Keys to the Original Meaning of the Privileges or Immunities Clause

Harvard Journal of Law and Public Policy, Vol. 43, No. 1, 2020
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 21 Feb 2020
Randy E. Barnett
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 105 (277,743)

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constitutional law, fourteenth amendment, supreme court

46.

Restoring the Lost Constitution, Not the Constitution in Exile

Fordham Law Review, Vol. 75, 2006
Number of pages: 7 Posted: 16 Mar 2012 Last Revised: 30 May 2012
Randy E. Barnett
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 105 (277,743)
Citation 1

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Constitutional law, Constitutional history

47.

Restoring the Lost Confirmation

83 University of Chicago Law Review Online 18 2016
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 09 Aug 2016
Randy E. Barnett and Josh Blackman
Georgetown University Law Center and South Texas College of Law Houston
Downloads 102 (283,319)

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48.

The Wages of Crying Judicial Restraint

Harvard Journal of Law and Public Policy, Vol. 36, pp. 925-933, 2013
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 20 Jun 2014
Randy E. Barnett
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 93 (300,808)

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federalism, judicial restraint, Rehnquist Court, William Rehnquist, constitutional law

49.

Turning Citizens into Subjects: Why the Health Insurance Mandate is Unconstitutional

Mercer Law Review Vol. 62, 2011
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 16 Mar 2012
Randy E. Barnett
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 91 (304,890)

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Health insurance mandate, Constitutional law, Sovereignty, Federal power

50.

The Tea Party, the Constitution, and the Repeal Amendment

Georgetown Public Law Research Paper No. 12-036
Number of pages: 8 Posted: 13 Mar 2012 Last Revised: 15 Mar 2012
Randy E. Barnett
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 91 (304,890)

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Tea Party, Repeal Amendment, Popular Constitutionalism, Constitutional Law, Public Policy, Politics

51.

The Case for the Repeal Amendment

Tennessee Law Review, Vol. 78, 2011
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 13 Mar 2012
Randy E. Barnett
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 90 (306,958)

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Constitutional law, Federal government, Federal powers, Federal judges, Federal courts, States' rights, Repeal Amendment

52.

The Separation of People and State

Harvard Journal of Law and Public Policy, Vol. 32, pp. 451-454, 2009
Number of pages: 5 Posted: 13 Mar 2012
Randy E. Barnett
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 85 (318,263)

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Constitutional law, American exceptionalism, Separation of Powers

53.

The Choice Between Madison and FDR

Harvard Journal of Law and Public Policy, Vol. 31, 2008
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 16 Mar 2012
Randy E. Barnett
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 69 (358,755)

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Constitutional law, Federal power, Originalism, Constitutional interpretation

54.

Constitutional Clichés

Capital University Law Review, Vol. 36, 2008
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 15 Mar 2012
Randy E. Barnett
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 63 (376,235)

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Constitutional law, Constitutional interpretation, Judicial review, Originalism

55.

The Presumption of Liberty and the Public Interest: Medical Marijuana and Fundamental Rights

Washington University Journal of Law and Policy, Vol. 22, 2006
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 16 Mar 2012 Last Revised: 30 May 2012
Randy E. Barnett
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 62 (379,271)

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Marijuana, Constitutional interpretation, Due Process of Law

56.

Is the Rehnquist Court an 'Activist' Court? The Commerce Cause Cases

University of Colorado Law Review, Vol. 72, 2002
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 16 Mar 2012
Randy E. Barnett
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 53 (408,684)

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Judicial activism, Rehnquist Court, Commerce Clause, Constitutional law

57.

The Golden Mean Between Kurt & Dan: A Moderate Reading of the Ninth Amendment

Drake Law Review, Vol. 56, 2008
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 16 Mar 2012
Randy E. Barnett
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 52 (412,205)

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Constitutional law, Ninth Amendment, Federal power, Individual liberties

58.

It's a Bird, it's a Plane, No, it's Super Precedent: A Response to Faber and Gerhardt

Minnesota Law Review, Vol. 90, 2006
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 15 Mar 2012
Randy E. Barnett
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 51 (415,676)

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Originalism, Constitutional interpretation, Stare decisis, Judicial review

59.

Caveat Blogger: Blogging and the Flight from Scholarship

Washington University Law Review, Vol. 84, 2006
Number of pages: 5 Posted: 14 Mar 2012
Randy E. Barnett
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 50 (419,261)

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blogging, legal scholarship, law professors, legal writing, legal research

60.

Under Fire: The New Consensus on the Second Amendment

Emory Law Journal, Vol. 45, 1996
Number of pages: 94 Posted: 04 May 2017
Randy E. Barnett and Don B. Kates
Georgetown University Law Center and Deceased
Downloads 36 (475,807)
Citation 3

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second amendment, firearms, guns, crime, Constitution, militia, evidence, interpretation

61.

Clauses Not Cases

Yale Law Journal (The Pocket Part), Vol. 115, 2006
Number of pages: 6 Posted: 14 Mar 2012
Randy E. Barnett
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 27 (520,848)

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Judicial confirmation hearings, Supreme Court Justices, Constitution

62.

The Difference Narrows: A Reply to Kurt Lash

Notre Dame Law Review, Vol. 95, No. 2, 679, 2019
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 09 Mar 2020
Randy E. Barnett and Evan D. Bernick
Georgetown University Law Center and Judicial Clerk
Downloads 16 (588,918)

Abstract:

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Constitutional Law, Jurisprudence, Fourteenth Amendment

63.

The Richness of Contract Theory

Michigan Law Review, Annual Survey of Books Relating to the Law, Vol. 97, No. 6, P. 501, 1999
Posted: 12 Oct 1999
Randy E. Barnett
Georgetown University Law Center

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Other Papers (1)

Total Downloads: 340
1.

The Making of a Libertarian, Contrarian, Nonobservant, but Self-Identified Jew

Rutgers Journal of Law and Religion, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 7 Posted: 15 Apr 2014 Last Revised: 13 Jan 2015
Randy E. Barnett
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 340

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Jew, Jewish, Judaism, libertarian, contrarian, constitutional law, legal theory, political theory