Joanna C. Schwartz

University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - School of Law

Professor of Law

385 Charles E. Young Dr. East

Room 1242

Los Angeles, CA 90095-1476

United States

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

27

DOWNLOADS
Rank 5,440

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 5,440

in Total Papers Downloads

14,368

SSRN CITATIONS
Rank 34,450

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 34,450

in Total Papers Citations

20

CROSSREF CITATIONS

10

Scholarly Papers (27)

1.

Police Indemnification

89 N.Y.U. L. Rev. 885 (2014)
Number of pages: 121 Posted: 24 Jul 2013 Last Revised: 14 Jun 2014
Joanna C. Schwartz
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - School of Law
Downloads 1,648 (20,825)
Citation 10

Abstract:

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indemnification, civil rights litigation, police misconduct, qualified immunity, monell, punitive damages

2.

How Governments Pay: Lawsuits, Budgets, and Police Reform

63 UCLA L. Rev. 1144 (2016), UCLA School of Law Research Paper No. 15-23
Number of pages: 155 Posted: 27 Jul 2015 Last Revised: 08 Jun 2016
Joanna C. Schwartz
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - School of Law
Downloads 1,443 (25,440)
Citation 2

Abstract:

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civil rights litigation, police misconduct, deterrence, litigation costs, liability

3.

How Qualified Immunity Fails

127 Yale Law Journal 2 (2017), UCLA School of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 17-02
Number of pages: 75 Posted: 13 Jan 2017 Last Revised: 10 Sep 2018
Joanna C. Schwartz
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - School of Law
Downloads 1,199 (33,391)
Citation 5

Abstract:

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qualified immunity, civil rights litigation, police misconduct

4.

The Case Against Qualified Immunity

93 Notre Dame Law Review 1797 (2018), UCLA School of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 18-05
Number of pages: 56 Posted: 21 Feb 2018 Last Revised: 15 Aug 2018
Joanna C. Schwartz
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - School of Law
Downloads 906 (49,614)

Abstract:

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5.

Qualified Immunity's Boldest Lie

88 University of Chicago Law Review 605 (2021), UCLA School of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 20-22
Number of pages: 80 Posted: 27 Jul 2020 Last Revised: 03 May 2021
Joanna C. Schwartz
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - School of Law
Downloads 862 (53,140)

Abstract:

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qualified immunity, clearly established law, supreme court, police policies and trainings

6.

After Qualified Immunity

120 Columbia Law Review 309 (2020), UCLA School of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 19-04
Number of pages: 80 Posted: 06 Feb 2019 Last Revised: 01 Apr 2020
Joanna C. Schwartz
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - School of Law
Downloads 697 (70,405)

Abstract:

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qualified immunity, Supreme Court, civil rights, police

7.

Who Can Police the Police?

2016 University of Chicago Legal Forum 437, UCLA School of Law Research Paper No. 16-01
Number of pages: 48 Posted: 09 Jan 2016 Last Revised: 26 Nov 2016
Joanna C. Schwartz
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - School of Law
Downloads 687 (71,760)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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8.

The Myth of Personal Liability: Who Pays When Bivens Claims Succeed

72 Stanford Law Review 561 (2020), Northwestern Public Law Research Paper No. 19-05, UCLA School of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 19-11
Number of pages: 80 Posted: 28 Feb 2019 Last Revised: 02 Apr 2020
James E. Pfander, Alex Reinert and Joanna C. Schwartz
Northwestern University School of Law, Yeshiva University - Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law and University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - School of Law
Downloads 668 (74,363)

Abstract:

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constitutional remedies, Bivens, rule of law, official liability and indemnity, government accountability, empirical legal studies, deterrence

9.

Lexipol's Fight Against Police Reform

97 Indiana Law Journal 1 (2022), UCLA School of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 21-27
Number of pages: 58 Posted: 29 Jun 2021 Last Revised: 02 Feb 2022
Ingrid V. Eagly and Joanna C. Schwartz
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - School of Law and University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - School of Law
Downloads 615 (82,445)

Abstract:

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use of force, policing, privatization, police reform

10.

A Dose of Reality for Medical Malpractice Reform

88 NYU L. Rev. 1224 (2013) , UCLA School of Law Research Paper No. 13-37
Number of pages: 84 Posted: 13 Jul 2012 Last Revised: 22 Oct 2013
Joanna C. Schwartz
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - School of Law
Downloads 593 (86,379)
Citation 1

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medical malpractice, litigation, patient safety, risk management, tort reform, health policy

11.

What Police Learn from Lawsuits

Cardozo Law Review, Vol. 33, p. 841, 2012
Number of pages: 54 Posted: 16 Jul 2010 Last Revised: 24 Apr 2014
Joanna C. Schwartz
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - School of Law
Downloads 565 (91,741)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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civil rights, police, litigation, deterrence, performance improvement

12.

Systems Failures in Policing

51 Suffolk University Law Review 535 (2018), UCLA School of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 18-20
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 17 May 2018 Last Revised: 16 Jan 2019
Joanna C. Schwartz
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - School of Law
Downloads 556 (93,655)

Abstract:

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Policing, safety

13.

Lexipol: The Privatization of Police Policymaking

96 Texas Law Review 891 (2018), UCLA School of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 18-09, Criminal Justice, Borders and Citizenship Research Paper No. 3142035
Number of pages: 87 Posted: 19 Mar 2018 Last Revised: 28 Apr 2018
Ingrid V. Eagly and Joanna C. Schwartz
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - School of Law and University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - School of Law
Downloads 505 (105,524)

Abstract:

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police policymaking, police training, privatization, community policing, immigration policing, criminal justice reform, Lexipol

14.

Myths and Mechanics of Deterrence: The Role of Lawsuits in Law Enforcement Decisionmaking

UCLA Law Review, Vol. 57, p. 1023, 2010, CELS 2009 4th Annual Conference on Empirical Legal Studies Paper, UCLA School of Law Research Paper No. 10-13
Number of pages: 72 Posted: 10 Jul 2009 Last Revised: 09 Jun 2010
Joanna C. Schwartz
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - School of Law
Downloads 485 (110,748)

Abstract:

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civil rights, deterrence, litigation, court records, information systems

15.

New Federalism and Civil Rights Enforcement

116 Northwestern University Law Review 737 (2021), UCLA School of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 21-08, Northwestern Public Law Research Paper No. 21-02
Number of pages: 80 Posted: 01 Feb 2021 Last Revised: 02 Feb 2022
Alex Reinert, Joanna C. Schwartz and James E. Pfander
Yeshiva University - Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law, University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - School of Law and Northwestern University School of Law
Downloads 474 (113,790)

Abstract:

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civil rights litigation; Section 1983; qualified immunity; federalism; budgeting; ethics; policing

16.

Municipal Immunity

109 Virginia Law Review 1181 (2023), UCLA School of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 23-02
Number of pages: 80 Posted: 19 Jan 2023 Last Revised: 11 Oct 2023
Joanna C. Schwartz
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - School of Law
Downloads 436 (125,660)

Abstract:

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Municipal liability; Section 1983; police misconduct; qualified immunity; empirical

17.

Qualified Immunity and Federalism All the Way Down

109 Georgetown Law Journal 305 (2020), UCLA School of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 20-07
Number of pages: 47 Posted: 13 Apr 2020 Last Revised: 06 Jan 2021
Joanna C. Schwartz
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - School of Law
Downloads 303 (187,542)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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qualified immunity, stare decisis, federalism

18.

Civil Rights Without Representation

64 William & Mary Law Review 641 (2023)
Number of pages: 67 Posted: 06 Apr 2022 Last Revised: 20 Mar 2023
Joanna C. Schwartz
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - School of Law
Downloads 278 (205,031)

Abstract:

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civil rights litigation; Section 1983; pro se litigants; attorneys' fees; qualified immunity.

19.

Civil Rights Ecosystems

118 Michigan Law Review 1539 (2020), UCLA School of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 19-26
Number of pages: 65 Posted: 12 Aug 2019 Last Revised: 29 Jun 2020
Joanna C. Schwartz
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - School of Law
Downloads 244 (233,454)

Abstract:

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civil rights litigation, police misconduct, localism, Section 1983

20.

Introspection through Litigation

90 Notre Dame L. Rev. 1055 (2015), UCLA School of Law Research Paper No. 14-02
Number of pages: 50 Posted: 24 Jan 2014 Last Revised: 21 Mar 2015
Joanna C. Schwartz
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - School of Law
Downloads 236 (241,301)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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litigation, deterrence, risk management, policing, health care, civil procedure

21.

Qualified Immunity's Selection Effects

114 Northwestern University Law Review 1101 (2020)
Number of pages: 78 Posted: 06 Feb 2019 Last Revised: 01 Apr 2020
Joanna C. Schwartz
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - School of Law
Downloads 221 (256,811)

Abstract:

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qualified immunity, civil rights, case selection, attorneys' fees

22.

The Cost of Suing Business

65 DePaul Law Review 655 (2016), UCLA School of Law Research Paper No. 15-19
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 04 Apr 2015 Last Revised: 11 Sep 2016
Joanna C. Schwartz
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - School of Law
Downloads 212 (266,950)

Abstract:

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class action, litigation, procedure, Chamber of Commerce, pleading, arbitration

23.

Going Rogue: The Supreme Court's Newfound Hostility to Policy-Based Bivens Claims

96 Notre Dame Law Review 1835 (2021), UCLA School of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 21-09, Northwestern Public Law Research Paper No. 21-03
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 02 Feb 2021 Last Revised: 19 May 2021
Joanna C. Schwartz, Alex Reinert and James E. Pfander
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - School of Law, Yeshiva University - Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law and Northwestern University School of Law
Downloads 142 (377,719)
Citation 1

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Bivens, constitutional torts, government policy, government accountability

24.

Gateways and Pathways in Civil Procedure

60 UCLA Law Review 1652 (2013), UCLA School of Law Research Paper No. 13-09
Number of pages: 57 Posted: 09 Mar 2013 Last Revised: 20 Aug 2013
Joanna C. Schwartz
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - School of Law
Downloads 128 (409,565)

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civil procedure, pleading, summary judgment, class action certification, civil procedure rulemaking

25.

Backdoor Municipal Immunity

Yale Law Journal Forum (10.14.22)
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 10 May 2022 Last Revised: 17 Oct 2022
Joanna C. Schwartz
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - School of Law
Downloads 95 (507,426)

Abstract:

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qualified immunity, municipal liability, civil rights litigation

26.

Monell's Quick Fix

125 Columbia Law Review_ (2025), UCLA School of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 24-11
Number of pages: 59 Posted: 12 Mar 2024
Joanna C. Schwartz
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - School of Law
Downloads 170

Abstract:

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police misconduct; police accountability; civil rights litigation; Section 1983; municipal liability; Monell

27.

Constitutional Recalibration: Lessons from New Mexico Constitutional Recalibration: Lessons from New Mexico

Number of pages: 12
Joanna C. Schwartz
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - School of Law
Downloads 0

Abstract:

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constitutional law, government misconduct, 42 U.S.C. § 1983, Ku Klux Klan Act, Supreme Court, New Mexico