Shitong Qiao

Duke University School of Law

Professor of Law; Ken Young-Gak Yun and Jinah Park Yun Research Scholar

http://law.duke.edu/fac/qiao/

The University of Hong Kong - Faculty of Law

Professor (on unpaid leave)

Pokfulam Road

Hong Kong, Hong Kong

China

http://https://www.law.hku.hk/academic_staff/dr-shitong-qiao/

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

22

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5

CROSSREF CITATIONS

13

Ideas:
“  I never stop being amazed by social norms and the non-coercive functions of legal institutions...  ”

Scholarly Papers (22)

1.

Whither China’s Non-Interference Principle?

ESIL 2011 4th Research Forum
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 03 Dec 2011 Last Revised: 09 Feb 2012
Shitong Qiao and Shitong Qiao
Duke University School of Law
Downloads 483 (84,959)

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2.

Planting Houses in Shenzhen: A Real Estate Market Without Legal Titles

Canadian Journal of Law and Society / Revue Canadienne Droit et Société, 2013
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 07 Feb 2014 Last Revised: 16 May 2014
Shitong Qiao and Shitong Qiao
Duke University School of Law
Downloads 420 (100,087)
Citation 2

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property rights, small property (xiaochanquan), market transition, China, law and development

3.

Small Property, Big Market: A Focal Point Explanation

American Journal of Comparative Law, Vol. 63, No. 1 (2015), Forthcoming
Number of pages: 43 Posted: 10 Mar 2014 Last Revised: 23 Oct 2015
Shitong Qiao and Shitong Qiao
Duke University School of Law
Downloads 415 (101,499)
Citation 1

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Small Property (xiaochanquan); informal property rights; Chinese Market Transition; Focal Point; Coordination Game

4.

The Evolution of Relational Property Rights: A Case of Chinese Rural Land Reform

Iowa Law Review, Vol. 100, 2015, Forthcoming, University of Hong Kong Faculty of Law Research Paper No. 2015/016
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 16 May 2015 Last Revised: 22 Jun 2015
Shitong Qiao, Shitong Qiao and Frank K. Upham
Duke University School of Law and New York University School of Law
Downloads 403 (104,967)

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Relational Property, Bundle of Sticks, Right to Exclude, Chinese Rural Land Reform

5.

China's Changing Property Law Landscape

Comparative Property Law: Global Perspectives, Michele Graziadei & Lionel Smith eds., Edward Elgar, 2017, pp. 311-332.
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 02 Mar 2017
Shitong Qiao, Shitong Qiao and Frank K. Upham
Duke University School of Law and New York University School of Law
Downloads 342 (126,257)
Citation 1

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Land reform; China; law and development; relational property rights; small/informal property; land expropriation

6.

The Evolution of Chinese Property Law: Stick by Stick?

Private Law in China and Taiwan (Yun-chien Chang ed., Cambridge University Press, Forthcoming), University of Hong Kong Faculty of Law Research Paper No. 2016/003
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 17 Mar 2016 Last Revised: 04 Jun 2019
Shitong Qiao and Shitong Qiao
Duke University School of Law
Downloads 264 (165,071)

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Chinese Land Reform; State Land Ownership; Collective Land Ownership; Bundle of Sticks; Property Law

7.

Small Property, Adverse Possession and Optional Law

The Law and Economics of Possession, edited by Yun-chien Chang, Cambridge University Press, 2015, pp. 290-319.
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 17 May 2014 Last Revised: 23 Oct 2015
Shitong Qiao and Shitong Qiao
Duke University School of Law
Downloads 241 (180,442)

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Small Property (Xiaochanquan); Adverse Possession; Option; Information

8.

The Politics of Chinese Land: Partial Reform, Vested Interests and Small Property

Columbia Journal of Asian Law, Vol. 29, No. 1, pp. 70-113, 2016
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 23 Apr 2016 Last Revised: 12 May 2016
Shitong Qiao and Shitong Qiao
Duke University School of Law
Downloads 236 (184,075)

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Land Reform; The Evolution of Property Rights; Politics; Partial Reform; Local Governments; Interest Groups; Small Property

9.

Exclusionary Megacities

Southern California Law Review, Vol. 91, No. 3, 2018, University of Hong Kong Faculty of Law Research Paper No. 2017/031, U of Penn Law School, Public Law Research Paper No. 17-47
Number of pages: 56 Posted: 18 Jul 2017 Last Revised: 29 Jan 2019
Wendell Pritchett, Shitong Qiao and Shitong Qiao
University of Pennsylvania Carey Law School and Duke University School of Law
Downloads 233 (186,348)
Citation 1

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Megacities; Agglomeration; Exclusion; Unaffordable Housing; Not in My Backyard (NIMBY); Land Monopoly; Land Use Regulations; Zoning; Urban Governance; Property Rights; China

10.

The Authoritarian Commons: Divergent Paths of Neighborhood Democratization in Three Chinese Megacities

American Journal of Comparative Law, forthcoming, University of Hong Kong Faculty of Law Research Paper No. #2021/002, Duke Law School Public Law & Legal Theory Series No. 2022-29
Number of pages: 65 Posted: 17 Feb 2021 Last Revised: 23 Jun 2022
Shitong Qiao and Shitong Qiao
Duke University School of Law
Downloads 231 (187,924)

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Authoritarianism; Liberal Commons; China; Democratization; State Capacity; Infrastructural Power; Homeowners' Associations; Urban Governance

11.

Legal Doctrine and Judicial Review of Eminent Domain in China

Law and Social Inquiry, Forthcoming, University of Hong Kong Faculty of Law Research Paper No. 2020/050
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 16 Oct 2020 Last Revised: 12 Mar 2021
Wenzheng Mao, Shitong Qiao and Shitong Qiao
Advanced Institute of Business, Tongji University and Duke University School of Law
Downloads 201 (215,012)
Citation 1

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Eminent Domain; Due Process; Chinese Courts; Principal-Agent Problem; Judicial Politics of Legal Doctrine

12.

Land Options for Housing: How New Property Rights Can Break Old Land Monopolies

University of Hong Kong Faculty of Law Research Paper No. 2022/06, Duke Law School Public Law & Legal Theory Series No. 2022-09, NYU School of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 22-11, University of Pennsylvania Journal of International Law, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 74 Posted: 30 Jan 2022 Last Revised: 24 Mar 2022
Shitong Qiao, Shitong Qiao and Roderick M. Hills Jr.
Duke University School of Law and New York University School of Law
Downloads 193 (221,869)

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housing crisis; zoning; bilateral monopoly; constituency effect; land use options; transferable development rights; Hong Kong

13.

Binding Leviathan: Credible Commitment in an Authoritarian Regime

NYU Law and Economics Research Paper No. 17-38, University of Hong Kong Faculty of Law Research Paper No. 2017/027
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 25 Sep 2017 Last Revised: 15 Mar 2019
Roderick M. Hills Jr., Shitong Qiao and Shitong Qiao
New York University School of Law and Duke University School of Law
Downloads 188 (226,940)

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Local Government Law; Federalism; Credible Commitment; Authoritarian Constitutions; Chinese Law

14.

Finance Without Law: The Case of China

Harvard International Law Journal, Forthcoming, University of Hong Kong Faculty of Law Research Paper No. 2022/48
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 07 Sep 2022 Last Revised: 19 Sep 2022
Shitong Qiao and Shitong Qiao
Duke University School of Law
Downloads 180 (238,044)

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China concepts stock; variable interest entities (VIE); Chinese-issued dollar bonds; keepwell deeds (KWD); law and finance; judicial enforcement; relational contracts; network; private reputation; state reputation; governing by extralegality; credible commitment

15.

The Structure and Spirit of Chinese Property Law

in Nicole Graham, Margaret Davies, and Lee Godden eds., Handbook of Property, Law and Society, Routledge, Forthcoming, Duke Law School Public Law & Legal Theory Series No. 2021-49, University of Hong Kong Faculty of Law Research Paper No. 2021/54
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 16 Nov 2021 Last Revised: 07 Jan 2022
Shitong Qiao and Shitong Qiao
Duke University School of Law
Downloads 179 (236,843)

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China; property law; common law; civil law; socialist law; numerus clausus; state land ownership; collective land ownership; bundle of sticks; hybridism

16.

Voice and Exit as Accountability Mechanisms: Can Foot-Voting Be Made Safe for the Chinese Communist Party?

Columbia Human Rights Law Review, Forthcoming, University of Hong Kong Faculty of Law Research Paper No. 2016/027
Number of pages: 53 Posted: 04 Aug 2016 Last Revised: 29 Jan 2019
Roderick M. Hills Jr., Shitong Qiao and Shitong Qiao
New York University School of Law and Duke University School of Law
Downloads 164 (254,943)

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Inter-Jurisdictional Competition, Land Value, Democracy, Foot-Voting, Government Accountability, Property Tax, Federated City, Household Registration System (Hukou), Cadre Evaluation, Chinese Communist Party

17.

Governing the Post-Socialist Transitional Commons: A Case from Rural China

24 COLO. J. INT’L ENVTL. L. & POL’Y 115 (2012), reprinted in 1 BRIGHAM-KANNER PROPERTY RIGHTS CONF. J. 303 (2012).
Number of pages: 46 Posted: 08 Jul 2011 Last Revised: 12 Feb 2014
Shitong Qiao and Shitong Qiao
Duke University School of Law
Downloads 136 (296,422)

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transitional commons, rural China, property rights

18.

Dealing with Illegal Housing: What Can New York City Learn from Shenzhen?

Fordham Urban Law Journal, Vol. 43, No. 3, p. 743-769, 2017, University of Hong Kong Faculty of Law Research Paper No. 2017/030
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 17 Jul 2017 Last Revised: 19 Oct 2017
Shitong Qiao and Shitong Qiao
Duke University School of Law
Downloads 120 (325,213)

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Illegal Housing; Adverse Zoning; Optional Zoning; Liability Rule; Ian Ayres

19.

Expropriation in the Name of Rights: Transferable Development Rights (TDRs), the Bundle of Sticks and Chinese Politics

New York University Journal of Law & Liberty, Vol. 13:1, 1-43 (2020). , University of Hong Kong Faculty of Law Research Paper No. 061
Number of pages: 43 Posted: 17 Sep 2019 Last Revised: 17 Aug 2020
Shitong Qiao and Shitong Qiao
Duke University School of Law
Downloads 118 (329,069)

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Transferable Development Rights (TDRs); Expropriation; Chinese Land Reform; Bundle of Sticks; Land Tickets (地票); Takings; Eminent Domain; Chongqing; Chengdu

20.

Rights-Weakening Federalism

Minnesota Law Review, Vol. 102, No. 4, 2018, University of Hong Kong Faculty of Law Research Paper No. 2018/013
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 07 Feb 2018 Last Revised: 29 Jan 2019
Shitong Qiao and Shitong Qiao
Duke University School of Law
Downloads 88 (398,992)
Citation 1

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Market-preserving federalism; interjurisdictional competition; race to the bottom; race to the top; uncooperative federalism; land expropriation in China; eminent domain

21.

Fragmented Laws, Contingent Choices: The Tragicomedy of the Village Commons in China

Duke Journal of Comparative & International Law, Vol. 29, 2019, 235-275, University of Hong Kong Faculty of Law Research Paper No. 2018/028
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 19 May 2018 Last Revised: 23 Jul 2019
Shitong Qiao and Shitong Qiao
Duke University School of Law
Downloads 87 (401,770)

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Small Property; Social Norms; Commons; Co-Evolution; Collective Land Governance; Village Co-Op; Chinese Mafia; Land Assembly District; Shenzhen

22.

Introduction to Decentralization and Development

Minnesota Law Review, Vol. 102, No. 4, 2018, University of Hong Kong Faculty of Law Research Paper No. 2018/029
Number of pages: 8 Posted: 21 May 2018 Last Revised: 10 Jul 2018
Shitong Qiao, Shitong Qiao and Richard Epstein
Duke University School of Law and New York University School of Law
Downloads 75 (437,818)

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Decentralization; Development; Hayek