Freya Baetens

PluriCourts Centre of Excellence, Law Faculty, Oslo University

Professor of Public International Law

P.O. Box 6706

St. Olavs plass 5

0130 Oslo

Norway

http://https://www.jus.uio.no/ior/english/people/aca/freyab/

Leiden University - Leiden Law School

Assistant Professor of Public International Law

P.O. Box 9520

2300 RA Leiden, NL-2300RA

Netherlands

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

21

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CITATIONS

4

Scholarly Papers (21)

1.

Enforcement of Arbitral Awards: 'To ICSID or Not to ICSID' is Not the Question

Todd Weiler, Ian Laird, eds., Investment Treaty Arbitration and International Law, Juris Arbitration Series, Vol. 5, Juris New York, 2012 (pp. 211-228)
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 17 Aug 2012 Last Revised: 23 Jan 2013
Freya Baetens
PluriCourts Centre of Excellence, Law Faculty, Oslo University
Downloads 1,884 (7,855)

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international dispute settlement, arbitration, enforcement, international investment law

2.

The Iron Rhine Case: On the Right Track to Sustainable Development?

Sustainable Development Principles in the Decisions of International Courts and Tribunals 1992-2012, M. C. Cordonier Segger, ed., 2013
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 08 Apr 2013
Freya Baetens
PluriCourts Centre of Excellence, Law Faculty, Oslo University
Downloads 298 (100,172)

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sustainable development, international arbitration, Belgium, Netherlands, Iron Rhine, regime interaction, systematic integration, treaty interpretation

3.

The European Union's Proposed Investment Court System: Addressing Criticisms of Investor-State Arbitration While Raising New Challenges

Legal Issues of Economic Integration 43, no. 4 (2016): 367-384
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 21 Aug 2017
Freya Baetens
PluriCourts Centre of Excellence, Law Faculty, Oslo University
Downloads 297 (100,929)

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independence, impartiality, code of ethics, international arbitration, ICSID, ISDS, Investment Court System (ICS), transparency, third party participation, review, enforcement

4.

No Law is an Island, Entire of Itself - How International Investment Law Interacts with Other Fields of Public International Law

Baetens, F., (Ed.), Investment Law Within International Law: Integrationist Perspectives (CUP 2013)
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 23 Jan 2013
Freya Baetens
PluriCourts Centre of Excellence, Law Faculty, Oslo University
Downloads 291 (102,798)

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public international law, international investment law, interaction of legal regimes, systemic integration, international dispute settlement, treaty interpretation

5.

Reconsidering Financial Remedies in WTO Dispute Settlement

16 Journal of International Economic Law 2 (2013)
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 08 Apr 2013 Last Revised: 15 Mar 2015
Marco Bronckers and Freya Baetens
Leiden University - Leiden Law School and PluriCourts Centre of Excellence, Law Faculty, Oslo University
Downloads 201 (150,452)
Citation 1

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WTO, compensation, financial payments, remedies, compliance, enforcement, international dispute settlement, efficient breach

6.

The Forgotten Peace Conference: The 1915 International Congress of Women

Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law, Rüdiger Wolfrum, eds., Oxford University Press, 2010
Number of pages: 8 Posted: 10 Mar 2013
Freya Baetens
PluriCourts Centre of Excellence, Law Faculty, Oslo University
Downloads 193 (155,657)

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history of international law, Hague Peace Conferences, international women's movement, international dispute settlement, peace and justice, right to education, women's enfranchisement

7.

Procedural Issues Relating to Shared Responsibility in Arbitral Proceedings

4 Journal for International Dispute Settlement 2 (2013)
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 22 Feb 2013
Freya Baetens
PluriCourts Centre of Excellence, Law Faculty, Oslo University
Downloads 185 (160,904)

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international dispute settlement, international arbitration, international procedural law, state responsibility, shared responsibility, multi-party disputes

8.

Safe Until Proven Harmful? - Risk Regulation in Situations of Scientific Uncertainty: The GMO Case - Casenote and Comment

Cambridge Law Journal, Vol. 66, No. 2, pp. 276-278, 2007
Number of pages: 4 Posted: 29 Mar 2012
Freya Baetens
PluriCourts Centre of Excellence, Law Faculty, Oslo University
Downloads 153 (189,805)

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EC – Biotech, GMO, public international law, international dispute settlement, WTO law, systemic integration, precautionary principle, fragmentation

9.

Foreign Investment Law and Climate Change: Legal Conflicts Arising from Implementing the Kyoto Protocol Through Private Investment

Marie-Claire Cordonier Segger, Markus W Gehring & Andrew Newcombe eds., Sustainable Development in World Investment Law, Kluwer Law International, November 2010, CISDL Working Paper
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 26 Jul 2012
Freya Baetens
PluriCourts Centre of Excellence, Law Faculty, Oslo University
Downloads 149 (194,061)

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climate change, Kyoto Protocol, private investment, Flexible Mechanisms, international investment agreements, investor-State arbitration, legal regime interaction

10.

Transatlantic Investment Treaty Protection – A Response to Poulsen, Bonnitcha and Yackee

Paper No. 4 in the CEPS-CTR project “TTIP in the Balance’’ and CEPS Special Reports, No. 103/March 2015
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 28 May 2015
Freya Baetens
PluriCourts Centre of Excellence, Law Faculty, Oslo University
Downloads 120 (230,085)
Citation 2

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TTIP, US, EU, investor-state dispute settlement, ISDS, investment

11.

Preferential Trade and Investment Agreements and the Trade/Investment Divide: Is the Whole More than the Sum of Its Parts?

Rainer Hofmann, Christian Tams and Stephan Schill [Eds.], Preferential Trade and Investment Agreements: A New Ordering Paradigm for International Investment Relations?, Frankfurt University Press (2013)
Number of pages: 43 Posted: 06 Feb 2013
Freya Baetens
PluriCourts Centre of Excellence, Law Faculty, Oslo University
Downloads 115 (237,430)

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international investment law, international trade law, preferential trade and investment agreements, bilateral investment treaties, services liberalisation, policy coherence, regulatory flexibility, development

12.

Muddling the Waters of Treaty Interpretation? Relevant Rules of International Law in the Mox Plant OSPAR Arbitration and EC Biotech Case

Nordic Journal of International Law, Vol. 77, No. 3, 2008
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 28 Jul 2012
Freya Baetens
PluriCourts Centre of Excellence, Law Faculty, Oslo University
Downloads 105 (253,213)
Citation 1

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Mox Plant, Biotech, WTO, EU, OSPAR arbitration, treaty interpretation, precautionary principle

13.

Financial Payments as a Remedy in WTO Dispute Settlement Proceedings - An Update

Number of pages: 25 Posted: 23 Dec 2015
Marco Bronckers and Freya Baetens
Leiden University - Leiden Law School and PluriCourts Centre of Excellence, Law Faculty, Oslo University
Downloads 102 (258,265)

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14.

Being an International Law Lecturer in the 21st Century: Where Tradition Meets Innovation

Cambridge Journal of International and Comparative Law, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 28 Oct 2013
Freya Baetens and W.L. Cheah
PluriCourts Centre of Excellence, Law Faculty, Oslo University and National University of Singapore (NUS) - Faculty of Law
Downloads 68 (330,134)

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International law teaching; international law research

15.

Judicial Review of International Adjudicatory Decisions: A Cross-Regime Comparison of Annulment and Appellate Mechanisms

Journal of International Dispute Settlement, Volume 8, Issue 3, 1 September 2017, pp. 432–459, doi: 10.1093/jnlids/idw021
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 21 Aug 2017
Freya Baetens
PluriCourts Centre of Excellence, Law Faculty, Oslo University
Downloads 44 (403,942)

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Legitimacy, Judicial review, World Trade Organization (WTO) (Appellate Body), Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP), International investment arbitration (ISDS), International commercial arbitration, American Arbitration Association (AAA) (Optional Appellate Rules)

16.

Keeping the Status Quo or Embarking on a New Course? Setting Aside, Refusal of Enforcement, Annulment and Appeal

Baetens, F., ‘Keeping the Status Quo or Embarking on a New Course? Setting Aside, Refusal of Enforcement, Annulment and Appeal’, in: Kulick, A. [Ed.], Reassertion of Control over the Investment Treaty Regime (CUP 2016) 103-127
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 15 Aug 2017
Freya Baetens
PluriCourts Centre of Excellence, Law Faculty, Oslo University
Downloads 23 (497,604)
Citation 1

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International dispute settlement, International arbitration, Public/private interests (balance of), Legitimacy (of international adjudicatory decisions), Judicial review (scope of), International Centre for the Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID), World Trade Organization (WTO)

17.

Unseen Actors in International Courts and Tribunals: Challenging the Legitimacy of International Adjudication

F. Baetens [Ed.] Legitimacy of Unseen Actors in International Adjudication (CUP 2019); ISBN 9781108641685
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 06 Mar 2019
Freya Baetens
PluriCourts Centre of Excellence, Law Faculty, Oslo University
Downloads 20 (514,680)

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international courts and tribunals, international dispute settlement, registry, secretariat, legal officer, legitimacy, case management, confidentiality, transparency, accountability

18.

Combating Climate Change Through the Promotion of Green Investment: From Kyoto to Paris Without Regime-Specific Dispute Settlement

K. Miles [Ed.], Research Handbook on Environment and Investment Law (Edward Elgar 2019) 107-130; ISBN: 978 1 78471 462 8
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 06 Mar 2019
Freya Baetens
PluriCourts Centre of Excellence, Law Faculty, Oslo University
Downloads 19 (520,531)

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Kyoto Protocol, Paris Agreement, climate change, dispute settlement, foreign investor, expropriation, discrimination, fair and equitable treatment, Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties, investment protection, investor-State arbitration, ISDS, renewable energy, green energy, treaty interpretation

19.

No Deal is Better Than a Bad Deal? The Fallacy of the WTO Fall-Back Option as a Post-Brexit Safety Net

55 Common Market Law Review 2/1 (2018) 133 – 174
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 06 Mar 2019
Freya Baetens
PluriCourts Centre of Excellence, Law Faculty, Oslo University
Downloads 13 (555,545)

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Brexit, UK, WTO, International Law, Hard Brexit, Soft Brexit, EU, Fall-Back Option, Regulatory Standards, Trade Remedies, Tariff-Rate Quotas (TRQs), Value Chains, Agricultural Subsidies, Commitments, Trade, Dispute Settlement, Quantifiable Rights, Erga Omnes Partes, Membership, Economy

20.

First to Rise and First to Fall: The Court of Cartago (1907–1918)

I. de la Rasilla, J.E. Viñuales, [Eds.] Experiments in International Adjudication: Historical Accounts (CUP 2019) 211-239 ISBN 9781108565967
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 06 Mar 2019
Freya Baetens
PluriCourts Centre of Excellence, Law Faculty, Oslo University
Downloads 6 (598,975)

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Court of Cartago, Central American Court of Justice (Corte de Justicia Centroamericana), Treaty of Corinto, regional integration, Bryan-Chamorro Treaty, private standing, exhaustion of local remedies, denial of justice, intra-State dispute settlement, 1907 Washington Peace Conference, legitimacy

21.

Ejusdem Generis and Noscitur a Sociis in Municipal and International Law: Interpretative Cross-Fertilisation?

J. Klingler, Y. Parkhomenko, C. Salonidis [Eds.], Between the Lines of the Vienna Convention? Canons and Other Principles of Interpretation in Public International Law (Wolters Kluwer 2019) 133-160; ISBN 9789041184030
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 06 Mar 2019
Freya Baetens
PluriCourts Centre of Excellence, Law Faculty, Oslo University
Downloads 6 (598,975)

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ejusdem generis, noscitur a sociis, canon of construction, common law, Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties, VCLT, interpretation, law of treaties, most-favoured-nation principle, MFN