SpearIt

University of Pittsburgh - School of Law

Professor of Law

3900 Forbes Ave.

Pittsburgh, PA 15260

United States

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

47

DOWNLOADS
Rank 6,152

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Top 6,152

in Total Papers Downloads

12,893

SSRN CITATIONS

1

CROSSREF CITATIONS

0

Scholarly Papers (47)

1.

Implicit Bias in Criminal Justice: Growing Influence as an Insight to Systemic Oppression

The State of Criminal Justice 2020 (American Bar Association 2020)., U. of Pittsburgh Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2021-27
Number of pages: 7 Posted: 04 Aug 2020 Last Revised: 25 Aug 2021
SpearIt
University of Pittsburgh - School of Law
Downloads 1,319 (28,565)

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Implicit Bias, Explicit Bias, Criminal Justice, Criminal Law, Police, Jurors, Judges, Unconscious Bias

2.

Gender Violence in Prison & Hyper-Masculinities in the ’Hood: Cycles of Destructive Masculinity

Journal of Law & Policy, Vol. 37, p. 89, 2011
Number of pages: 59 Posted: 02 Feb 2012 Last Revised: 01 Sep 2021
SpearIt
University of Pittsburgh - School of Law
Downloads 978 (43,930)

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Prisons, Gender Violence, Sexual Violence, Masculinity, Rape, Mexican Mafia

3.

Sonic Jihad — Muslim Hip Hop in the Age of Mass Incarceration

11 Florida Intl. L. Rev. 201 (2015)
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
SpearIt
University of Pittsburgh - School of Law
Downloads 901 (49,197)

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Hip hop, Muslims, sonic jihad, prisons, incarceration, Islam, rap

4.

Religion as Rehabilitation? Reflections on Islam in the Correctional Setting

Whittier Law Review, Vol. 34, 2012
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 19 Mar 2013 Last Revised: 28 Feb 2014
SpearIt
University of Pittsburgh - School of Law
Downloads 859 (52,587)

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Rehabilitation, Religion, Prison, Islam, Muslims, Recidivism, Corrections

5.

Facts and Fictions About Islam in Prison: Assessing Prisoner Radicalization in Post-9/11 America

Institute for Social Policy and Understanding, January 2013
Number of pages: 56 Posted: 25 Jan 2013 Last Revised: 02 Sep 2014
SpearIt
University of Pittsburgh - School of Law
Downloads 669 (73,248)
Citation 1

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Islam, Prisons, Radicalization, Policy, Re-entry, Rehabilitation

6.

Raza Islamica: Prisons, Hip Hop & Converting Converts

Berkeley La Raza Law Journal, Vol. 22, No. 1, 2012
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 03 Aug 2010 Last Revised: 01 Sep 2021
SpearIt
University of Pittsburgh - School of Law
Downloads 540 (95,769)

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Islam, Prisons, Hip Hop, Rap, Five Percent, Nation of Islam, Raza, Conversion

7.

Mental Illness in Prison: Inmate Rehabilitation & Correctional Officers in Crisis

Berkeley Journal of Criminal Law, Vol. 14, p. 227, 2009
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 23 Jul 2010 Last Revised: 01 Sep 2021
SpearIt
University of Pittsburgh - School of Law
Downloads 493 (107,141)

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Mental Illness, California, Prisons, Criminal Justice, Correctional Officer training

8.

Child Pornography Sentencing and Demographic Data: Reforming Through Research

Federal Sentencing Reporter, Vol. 24, p. 102, 2011
Number of pages: 6 Posted: 09 Dec 2011 Last Revised: 28 Feb 2014
SpearIt
University of Pittsburgh - School of Law
Downloads 471 (113,079)

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Federal Sentencing Guidelines, possession, internet offenders, disparity, fear

9.

Keeping It REAL: Why Congress Must Act to Restore Pell Grant Funding for Prisoners

University of Massachusetts Law Review, Vol. 11, 2016
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 08 Jan 2016
SpearIt
University of Pittsburgh - School of Law
Downloads 465 (114,814)

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Prisoners, Pell Grants, Higher Education, Post-Secondary Education, Prison, REAL Act

10.

Criminal Justice & Religion

RELIGION AND EVERYDAY LIFE AND CULTURE, p. 657, Vincent F. Biondo &, Richard D. Hecht, eds., Praeger, 2010
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 30 Jul 2010
SpearIt
University of Pittsburgh - School of Law
Downloads 427 (126,933)

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Religion, Criminal Justice, Penitentiary, Civil Religion, Scapegoat

11.

How Mass Incarceration Underdevelops Latino Communities

U.S. Latinos and Criminal Injustice (Michigan State University Press 2015)
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 08 Apr 2015
SpearIt
University of Pittsburgh - School of Law
Downloads 423 (128,341)

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Latinos, Criminal Justice, Prisons, Collateral Consequences, LFOs

Legal Punishment as Civil Ritual: Making Cultural Sense of Harsh Punishment

Mississippi Law Journal, Vol. 82, No. 1, 2013
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 13 Mar 2013 Last Revised: 28 Feb 2014
SpearIt
University of Pittsburgh - School of Law
Downloads 283 (197,628)

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Crime, Punishment, Ritual, Civil Religion, Civil Rights, Prison, Lynching

Legal Punishment As Civil Ritual: Making Cultural Sense of Harsh Punishment

ECI Interdisciplinary Journal for Legal and Social Policy, Vol. 5 [2017], Iss. 1, Art. 1
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 20 Feb 2018
SpearIt
University of Pittsburgh - School of Law
Downloads 118 (431,823)

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Crime, Punishment, Ritual, Civil Religion, Civil Rights, Prison, Lynching

13.

Shackles Beyond the Sentence: How Legal Financial Obligations Create a Permanent Underclass

1 Impact 46 (2015)
Number of pages: 6 Posted: 14 Jul 2015
SpearIt
University of Pittsburgh - School of Law
Downloads 361 (153,490)

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LFO, Legal Financial Obligations, Financial Penalties, Collateral Consequences, Reentry

14.

The Return of Pell Grants for Prisoners?

31 Criminal Justice 10 (American Bar Association Section of Criminal justice 2016).
Number of pages: 4 Posted: 05 Aug 2016
SpearIt
University of Pittsburgh - School of Law
Downloads 295 (190,451)

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Pell Grant, Prisoners, Higher Education, Postsecondary Education, REAL Act, Donna Edwards

15.

Reimagining Revolution: A Critical Review of Simon Schama’s Rough Crossings: Britain, the Slaves, and the American Revolution

Berkeley Journal of African-American Law & Policy, Vol. 9, No. 74, 2007
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 26 Jul 2010 Last Revised: 01 Sep 2021
SpearIt
University of Pittsburgh - School of Law
Downloads 276 (203,967)

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Slavery, History, American Revolution, Britain, Simon Schama

16.

Firepower to the People! Gun Rights and the Law of Self-Defense to Curb Police Misconduct

Tennessee Law Review, Vol. 85, 2017
Number of pages: 61 Posted: 19 Mar 2018
SpearIt
University of Pittsburgh - School of Law
Downloads 262 (214,879)

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Police misconduct, Self-defense, Guns, Gun Rights, Police killing, Criminal procedure, Criminal Law

17.

Muslim Radicalization in Prison: Responding with Sound Penal Policy or the Sound of Alarm?

Gonzaga Law Review, Vol. 49, No. 1, 2014
Number of pages: 46 Posted: 31 Jan 2014 Last Revised: 06 Mar 2014
SpearIt
University of Pittsburgh - School of Law
Downloads 255 (220,695)

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18.

Twenty Years after the Education Apocalypse: The Ongoing Fall Out from the 1994 Omnibus Crime Bill

St. Louis University Public Law Review, Vol. 33, p. 283, 2014
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 30 Jun 2014
SpearIt and Mary Gould
University of Pittsburgh - School of Law and Saint Louis University
Downloads 240 (234,261)

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prison higher education, omnibus crime bill, Saint Louis University Prison Program, National Conference on Higher Education in Prison

19.

Not for Free: Exploring the Collateral Costs of Diversity in Legal Education

48 U. Pacific L.R. 887 (2017), Thurgood Marshall School of Law Research Paper No. 2991154
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 23 Jun 2017
SpearIt
University of Pittsburgh - School of Law
Downloads 229 (245,062)

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Diversity, Legal Education, Law School, Regulation, American Bar Association

20.

Spectacular or Specious? A Critical Review of the Spectacular Few: Prisoner Radicalization and the Evolving Terrorist Threat

39 T. Marshall L. Rev. 225 (2014)
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 10 Sep 2014
SpearIt
University of Pittsburgh - School of Law
Downloads 214 (261,298)

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Prison, Radicalization, Islam, Mark Hamm, The Spectacular Few, Terrorism

21.

Plenary 2 -- Redefining Gender Violence -- Transcripts from Converge! Reimagining the Movement to End Gender Violence

University of Miami Race & Social Justice Law Review, Vol. 5, p. 289, 2015
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 14 Jul 2015
University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law, Independent, CUNY School of Law, Independent and University of Pittsburgh - School of Law
Downloads 206 (270,677)

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Gender Violence, Sexual Violence, Prison, Rape, Forced Families, Prison Culture

22.

Why Obama is Black: Language, Law and Structures of Power

1 Colum. J. Race & L. 468 (2012)
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 18 Jul 2012 Last Revised: 28 Feb 2014
SpearIt
University of Pittsburgh - School of Law
Downloads 179 (307,101)

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Post-racial, Obama, Structural Racism, Language, Law

23.

Experiential Education as Critical Pedagogy: Enhancing the Law School Experience

38 Nova L.Rev. 249 (2014)
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 21 Sep 2014
SpearIt and Stephanie Ledesma
University of Pittsburgh - School of Law and Thurgood Marshall School of Law
Downloads 177 (310,123)

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experiential learning, experiential education, critical pedagogy, legal education, social justice, law school

24.

God Behind Bars: Race, Religion & Revenge

Seton Hall Law Review, Vol. 37, No. 1, 2007
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 25 Jul 2010
SpearIt
University of Pittsburgh - School of Law
Downloads 166 (327,901)

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25.

Gang Intervention in the United States: Legal and Extra-Legal Attempts at Peacemaking

Peacemaking: From Practice to Theory, Susan Allen Nan, Zachariah Cherian Mampilly, Andrea Bartoli, Eds., Praeger (2011)
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 03 Aug 2010 Last Revised: 01 Sep 2021
SpearIt
University of Pittsburgh - School of Law
Downloads 159 (340,183)

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Gangs, Intervention, Criminal Justice, Culture, Prison Gangs, Peacemaking

26.

Economic Interest Convergence in Downsizing Imprisonment

University of Pittsburgh Law Review, Vol. 25, 2014
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 22 May 2015
SpearIt
University of Pittsburgh - School of Law
Downloads 158 (341,927)

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27.

Enslaved by Words: Legalities & Limitations of 'Post-Racial' Language

2011 Michigan State Law Review 705
Number of pages: 49 Posted: 23 May 2012 Last Revised: 28 Feb 2014
SpearIt
University of Pittsburgh - School of Law
Downloads 151 (355,112)

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Race, Language, Structural Racism, Naming, Taxonomy

28.

Evolving Standards of Domination: Abandoning a Flawed Legal Standard and Approaching a New Era in Penal Reform

Chicago-Kent Law Review, Vol. 90, 2015
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 03 Mar 2015
SpearIt
University of Pittsburgh - School of Law
Downloads 150 (356,963)

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Evolving Standards of Decency, Eighth Amendment, Sentencing, Solitary Confinement, Social Darwinism

29.

Drafting Legal Documents in a Doctrinal Class

"Drafting Legal Documents in a Doctrinal Class," in Experiential Eduction in the Law School Curriculum (Carolina Academic Press 2017).
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 22 Aug 2017
SpearIt
University of Pittsburgh - School of Law
Downloads 148 (360,910)

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Experiential learning, experiential education, law teaching, legal pedagogy, skills training, ABA

30.

Reimagining the Death Penalty: Targeting Christians, Conservatives

Buffalo Law Review Vol. 68 (2020), U. of Pittsburgh Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2021-26
Number of pages: 46 Posted: 17 Aug 2020 Last Revised: 25 Aug 2021
SpearIt
University of Pittsburgh - School of Law
Downloads 138 (381,392)

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31.

Religion in Prison

Religion and American Cultures, p. 1154, Gary Laderman & Luis Leon, eds., ABC-CLIO, 2014
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 19 Jan 2015
SpearIt
University of Pittsburgh - School of Law
Downloads 110 (453,112)

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religion, prison, Islam, rehabilitation, radicalization

32.

Uncertainty Ahead: Pell Grant Funding for Prisoners

The State of Justice 2017 American Bar Association
Number of pages: 4 Posted: 10 Aug 2017
SpearIt
University of Pittsburgh - School of Law
Downloads 107 (462,226)

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Pell Grant, Prisoners, Correction, Higher Education, Postsecondary Education, Reform

33.

Restoring Pell Grants for Prisoners -- Growing Momentum for Reform

The State of Criminal Justice 2016 (American Bar Association Criminal Justice Section 2016).
Number of pages: 6 Posted: 16 Aug 2016
SpearIt
University of Pittsburgh - School of Law
Downloads 107 (462,226)

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Prisoners, Pell Grant, Higher Education, Post Secondary Education, REAL Act, Donna Edwards

34.

The Catholic Church Sex Scandal and the Dying Death Penalty: Issues at the Intersection of Religion, Crime, and Punishment

Published in the State of Criminal Justice, 2019
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 08 Jul 2019
SpearIt
University of Pittsburgh - School of Law
Downloads 102 (478,297)

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35.

Manufacturing Social Violence: The Prison Paradox & Future Escapes

Berkeley Journal of African-American Law & Policy, Vol. 11, No. 84, 2009
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 25 Jul 2010 Last Revised: 01 Sep 2021
SpearIt
University of Pittsburgh - School of Law
Downloads 99 (487,960)

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Prison, Violence, Ethnography, Gangs, Prison Administration, Prisoners' Rights

36.

Priorities of Pedagogy: Classroom Justice in the Law School Setting

California Western L. Rev. 467, 2012
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 02 Jun 2012 Last Revised: 28 Feb 2014
SpearIt
University of Pittsburgh - School of Law
Downloads 85 (537,402)

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Classroom Justice, Critical Pedagogy, Legal Education, Socratic Dialogue, Law School

37.

Foreword to Thurgood Marshall School of Law Journal of Gender, Race & Justice, Vol. 6

Thurgood Marshall School of Law Journal of Gender, Race & Justice, Vol. 6, 2016
Number of pages: 5 Posted: 23 Apr 2016
SpearIt
University of Pittsburgh - School of Law
Downloads 82 (549,222)

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38.

Muslims in American Prisons: Advancing the Rule of Law Through Litigation Praxis

Journal of Islamic Law, Vol. 3, p. 29 (2022), U. of Pittsburgh Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2022-25
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 21 Jul 2022 Last Revised: 02 Sep 2022
SpearIt
University of Pittsburgh - School of Law
Downloads 76 (574,128)

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US prisons, Islam in the US, Muslims in the US, prisons, litigation

39.

Understanding an American Paradox: An Overview of The Racial Muslim: When Racism Quashes Religious Freedom

U. of Pittsburgh Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2023-16, Hastings Constitutional Law Quarterly, Vol. 50, p. 141, 2023
Number of pages: 8 Posted: 15 Mar 2023
SpearIt
University of Pittsburgh - School of Law
Downloads 72 (591,664)

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Islam, Muslim, Race, Racism, Critical Race Theory, Religious Freedom, Civil Rights, Religious Liberty, Discrimination

40.

The U.S. Constitution: Reimagining 'We the People' as an Inclusive Construct

6 The Bridge: Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Legal and Social Policy 1(2021)., U. of Pittsburgh Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2021-25
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 18 May 2021 Last Revised: 25 Aug 2021
Texas Southern University - Thurgood Marshall School of Law, Texas Southern University - Thurgood Marshall School of Law, Texas Southern University - Thurgood Marshall School of Law and University of Pittsburgh - School of Law
Downloads 68 (610,201)

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Police, Policing, Qualified Immunity, Law Enforcement, Correctional Officers, Prisons

41.

Pushing Pro Bono for the Incarcerated and Those Reentering Society

The State of Criminal Justice 2018 (American Bar Association 2018)
Number of pages: 6 Posted: 08 Aug 2018
SpearIt
University of Pittsburgh - School of Law
Downloads 51 (701,259)

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Pro bono, American Bar Association, Corrections, Law School, Experiential Education, Reentry, Prison

42.

Foreword: From LatCrit to LatCrit 2.0 -- Institutionalizing a Movement and Cultivating Next-Generation Scholarship

John Marshall Law Review, Vol. 47, No. 4, 2014
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 17 Apr 2015
SpearIt
University of Pittsburgh - School of Law
Downloads 48 (720,127)

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LatCrit, OutCrit Jurisprudence, Outsider Jurisprudence, Legal Theory, Critical Race Theory

43.

La Raza Book Reviews

Berkeley La Raza Law Journal, Vol. 19, p. 177, 2008
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 02 Aug 2010 Last Revised: 01 Sep 2021
SpearIt
University of Pittsburgh - School of Law
Downloads 45 (739,500)

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Latinos, Politics, Crime, Hispanics, Genetic Technology, Supreme Court

44.

9/11 Impacts on Muslims in Prison

Michigan Journal of Race & Law, Vol. 27, p. 233, 2021, U. of Pittsburgh Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2022-02
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 17 Jan 2022 Last Revised: 23 Jun 2022
SpearIt
University of Pittsburgh - School of Law
Downloads 44 (746,259)

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Muslim, Islam, Prisons, Incarceration, 9/11, Islamophobia, Religion, Prison Litigation, Rehabilitation

45.

Muslim Prisoner Litigation: An Unsung American Tradition (Introduction)

In MUSLIM PRISONER LITIGATION: AN UNSUNG AMERICAN TRADITION, SpearIt (University of California Press, 2023), U. of Pittsburgh Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2023-37
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 15 Sep 2023
SpearIt
University of Pittsburgh - School of Law
Downloads 41 (767,194)

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Muslim, Islam, US prisons, prisoner litigation, incarceration, religion, Outcrit

46.

Prison Transfers and the Mootness Doctrine: Disappearing the Rule of Law in Prisons

U. of Pittsburgh Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2022-29, A chapter in The State of Criminal Justice 2022, American Bar Association, Criminal Justice Section
Number of pages: 6 Posted: 04 Aug 2022 Last Revised: 11 Aug 2022
SpearIt
University of Pittsburgh - School of Law
Downloads 37 (796,419)

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prison policy reform, rule of law, legislative reform, barriers to justice, access to justice, criminal justice system, prisoner vulnerability, equal protection, due process, rights of prisoners

47.

Panel III Discussion: The U.S. Constitution: Reimagining 'We the People' as an Inclusive Construct

Bullock, Joan; Fain, Constance; Weeden, Larry; and SpearIt (2021) "Panel III Discussion: The U.S. Constitution: Reimagining "We the People" as an Inclusive Construct," The Bridge: Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Legal & Social Policy: Vol. 6 , Article 5.
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 01 Jun 2022
Texas Southern University - Thurgood Marshall School of Law, Thurgood Marshall School of Law, Texas Southern University - Thurgood Marshall School of Law and University of Pittsburgh - School of Law
Downloads 9 (1,052,860)

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Other Papers (1)

Total Downloads: 52
1.

Collection of Short Writings

Number of pages: 153 Posted: 25 Nov 2014 Last Revised: 09 Sep 2020
SpearIt
University of Pittsburgh - School of Law
Downloads 52

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op-ed, blog, short writings, opinion