SpearIt

University of Pittsburgh - School of Law

Visiting Professor of Law

3900 Forbes Ave.

Pittsburgh, PA 15260

United States

Texas Southern University - Thurgood Marshall School of Law

Professor of Law

3100 Cleburne Street

Houston, TX 77004

United States

http://spearitualwritings.com

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

42

DOWNLOADS
Rank 5,873

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Top 5,873

in Total Papers Downloads

9,709

SSRN CITATIONS

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Scholarly Papers (42)

1.

Gender Violence in Prison & Hyper-Masculinities in the ’Hood: Cycles of Destructive Masculinity

Journal of Law & Policy, Vol. 37, p. 89, 2011
Number of pages: 59 Posted: 02 Feb 2012 Last Revised: 01 Sep 2021
SpearIt
University of Pittsburgh - School of Law
Downloads 904 (34,059)

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Prisons, Gender Violence, Sexual Violence, Masculinity, Rape, Mexican Mafia

2.

Sonic Jihad — Muslim Hip Hop in the Age of Mass Incarceration

11 Florida Intl. L. Rev. 201 (2015)
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
SpearIt
University of Pittsburgh - School of Law
Downloads 779 (41,848)

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Hip hop, Muslims, sonic jihad, prisons, incarceration, Islam, rap

3.

Religion as Rehabilitation? Reflections on Islam in the Correctional Setting

Whittier Law Review, Vol. 34, 2012
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 19 Mar 2013 Last Revised: 28 Feb 2014
SpearIt
University of Pittsburgh - School of Law
Downloads 636 (54,770)

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Rehabilitation, Religion, Prison, Islam, Muslims, Recidivism, Corrections

4.

Implicit Bias in Criminal Justice: Growing Influence as an Insight to Systemic Oppression

The State of Criminal Justice 2020 (American Bar Association 2020)., U. of Pittsburgh Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2021-27
Number of pages: 7 Posted: 04 Aug 2020 Last Revised: 25 Aug 2021
SpearIt
University of Pittsburgh - School of Law
Downloads 568 (63,201)

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Implicit Bias, Explicit Bias, Criminal Justice, Criminal Law, Police, Jurors, Judges, Unconscious Bias

5.

Facts and Fictions About Islam in Prison: Assessing Prisoner Radicalization in Post-9/11 America

Institute for Social Policy and Understanding, January 2013
Number of pages: 56 Posted: 25 Jan 2013 Last Revised: 02 Sep 2014
SpearIt
University of Pittsburgh - School of Law
Downloads 521 (70,432)

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Islam, Prisons, Radicalization, Policy, Re-entry, Rehabilitation

6.

Mental Illness in Prison: Inmate Rehabilitation & Correctional Officers in Crisis

Berkeley Journal of Criminal Law, Vol. 14, p. 227, 2009
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 23 Jul 2010 Last Revised: 01 Sep 2021
SpearIt
University of Pittsburgh - School of Law
Downloads 440 (86,344)

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Mental Illness, California, Prisons, Criminal Justice, Correctional Officer training

7.

Raza Islamica: Prisons, Hip Hop & Converting Converts

Berkeley La Raza Law Journal, Vol. 22, No. 1, 2012
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 03 Aug 2010 Last Revised: 01 Sep 2021
SpearIt
University of Pittsburgh - School of Law
Downloads 429 (88,936)

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Islam, Prisons, Hip Hop, Rap, Five Percent, Nation of Islam, Raza, Conversion

8.

Keeping It REAL: Why Congress Must Act to Restore Pell Grant Funding for Prisoners

University of Massachusetts Law Review, Vol. 11, 2016
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 08 Jan 2016
SpearIt
University of Pittsburgh - School of Law
Downloads 414 (92,612)

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Prisoners, Pell Grants, Higher Education, Post-Secondary Education, Prison, REAL Act

9.

Child Pornography Sentencing and Demographic Data: Reforming Through Research

Federal Sentencing Reporter, Vol. 24, p. 102, 2011
Number of pages: 6 Posted: 09 Dec 2011 Last Revised: 28 Feb 2014
SpearIt
University of Pittsburgh - School of Law
Downloads 404 (95,332)

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Federal Sentencing Guidelines, possession, internet offenders, disparity, fear

10.

Criminal Justice & Religion

RELIGION AND EVERYDAY LIFE AND CULTURE, p. 657, Vincent F. Biondo &, Richard D. Hecht, eds., Praeger, 2010
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 30 Jul 2010
SpearIt
University of Pittsburgh - School of Law
Downloads 381 (102,008)

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Religion, Criminal Justice, Penitentiary, Civil Religion, Scapegoat

11.

How Mass Incarceration Underdevelops Latino Communities

U.S. Latinos and Criminal Injustice (Michigan State University Press 2015)
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 08 Apr 2015
SpearIt
University of Pittsburgh - School of Law
Downloads 348 (112,820)

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Latinos, Criminal Justice, Prisons, Collateral Consequences, LFOs

Legal Punishment as Civil Ritual: Making Cultural Sense of Harsh Punishment

Mississippi Law Journal, Vol. 82, No. 1, 2013
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 13 Mar 2013 Last Revised: 28 Feb 2014
SpearIt
University of Pittsburgh - School of Law
Downloads 235 (168,936)

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Crime, Punishment, Ritual, Civil Religion, Civil Rights, Prison, Lynching

Legal Punishment As Civil Ritual: Making Cultural Sense of Harsh Punishment

ECI Interdisciplinary Journal for Legal and Social Policy, Vol. 5 [2017], Iss. 1, Art. 1
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 20 Feb 2018
SpearIt
University of Pittsburgh - School of Law
Downloads 98 (346,658)

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Crime, Punishment, Ritual, Civil Religion, Civil Rights, Prison, Lynching

13.

Shackles Beyond the Sentence: How Legal Financial Obligations Create a Permanent Underclass

1 Impact 46 (2015)
Number of pages: 6 Posted: 14 Jul 2015
SpearIt
University of Pittsburgh - School of Law
Downloads 289 (137,851)

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LFO, Legal Financial Obligations, Financial Penalties, Collateral Consequences, Reentry

14.

Muslim Radicalization in Prison: Responding with Sound Penal Policy or the Sound of Alarm?

Gonzaga Law Review, Vol. 49, No. 1, 2014
Number of pages: 46 Posted: 31 Jan 2014 Last Revised: 06 Mar 2014
SpearIt
University of Pittsburgh - School of Law
Downloads 236 (168,750)

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15.

The Return of Pell Grants for Prisoners?

31 Criminal Justice 10 (American Bar Association Section of Criminal justice 2016).
Number of pages: 4 Posted: 05 Aug 2016
SpearIt
University of Pittsburgh - School of Law
Downloads 206 (191,907)

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Pell Grant, Prisoners, Higher Education, Postsecondary Education, REAL Act, Donna Edwards

16.

Firepower to the People! Gun Rights and the Law of Self-Defense to Curb Police Misconduct

Tennessee Law Review, Vol. 85, 2017
Number of pages: 61 Posted: 19 Mar 2018
SpearIt
University of Pittsburgh - School of Law
Downloads 201 (196,318)

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Police misconduct, Self-defense, Guns, Gun Rights, Police killing, Criminal procedure, Criminal Law

17.

Not for Free: Exploring the Collateral Costs of Diversity in Legal Education

48 U. Pacific L.R. 887 (2017), Thurgood Marshall School of Law Research Paper No. 2991154
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 23 Jun 2017
SpearIt
University of Pittsburgh - School of Law
Downloads 201 (196,318)

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Diversity, Legal Education, Law School, Regulation, American Bar Association

18.

Twenty Years after the Education Apocalypse: The Ongoing Fall Out from the 1994 Omnibus Crime Bill

St. Louis University Public Law Review, Vol. 33, p. 283, 2014
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 30 Jun 2014
SpearIt and Mary Gould
University of Pittsburgh - School of Law and Saint Louis University
Downloads 196 (200,812)

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prison higher education, omnibus crime bill, Saint Louis University Prison Program, National Conference on Higher Education in Prison

19.

Spectacular or Specious? A Critical Review of the Spectacular Few: Prisoner Radicalization and the Evolving Terrorist Threat

39 T. Marshall L. Rev. 225 (2014)
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 10 Sep 2014
SpearIt
University of Pittsburgh - School of Law
Downloads 189 (207,490)

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Prison, Radicalization, Islam, Mark Hamm, The Spectacular Few, Terrorism

20.

Reimagining Revolution: A Critical Review of Simon Schama’s Rough Crossings: Britain, the Slaves, and the American Revolution

Berkeley Journal of African-American Law & Policy, Vol. 9, No. 74, 2007
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 26 Jul 2010 Last Revised: 01 Sep 2021
SpearIt
University of Pittsburgh - School of Law
Downloads 168 (229,715)

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Slavery, History, American Revolution, Britain, Simon Schama

21.

Why Obama is Black: Language, Law and Structures of Power

1 Colum. J. Race & L. 468 (2012)
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 18 Jul 2012 Last Revised: 28 Feb 2014
SpearIt
University of Pittsburgh - School of Law
Downloads 154 (247,092)

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Post-racial, Obama, Structural Racism, Language, Law

22.

Plenary 2 -- Redefining Gender Violence -- Transcripts from Converge! Reimagining the Movement to End Gender Violence

University of Miami Race & Social Justice Law Review, Vol. 5, p. 289, 2015
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 14 Jul 2015
University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law, Independent, CUNY School of Law, Independent and University of Pittsburgh - School of Law
Downloads 148 (255,309)

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Gender Violence, Sexual Violence, Prison, Rape, Forced Families, Prison Culture

23.

God Behind Bars: Race, Religion & Revenge

Seton Hall Law Review, Vol. 37, No. 1, 2007
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 25 Jul 2010
SpearIt
University of Pittsburgh - School of Law
Downloads 138 (269,851)

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24.

Gang Intervention in the United States: Legal and Extra-Legal Attempts at Peacemaking

Peacemaking: From Practice to Theory, Susan Allen Nan, Zachariah Cherian Mampilly, Andrea Bartoli, Eds., Praeger (2011)
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 03 Aug 2010 Last Revised: 01 Sep 2021
SpearIt
University of Pittsburgh - School of Law
Downloads 134 (276,054)

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Gangs, Intervention, Criminal Justice, Culture, Prison Gangs, Peacemaking

25.

Experiential Education as Critical Pedagogy: Enhancing the Law School Experience

38 Nova L.Rev. 249 (2014)
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 21 Sep 2014
SpearIt and Stephanie Ledesma
University of Pittsburgh - School of Law and Thurgood Marshall School of Law
Downloads 131 (280,691)

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experiential learning, experiential education, critical pedagogy, legal education, social justice, law school

26.

Economic Interest Convergence in Downsizing Imprisonment

University of Pittsburgh Law Review, Vol. 25, 2014
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 22 May 2015
SpearIt
University of Pittsburgh - School of Law
Downloads 130 (282,288)

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27.

Enslaved by Words: Legalities & Limitations of 'Post-Racial' Language

2011 Michigan State Law Review 705
Number of pages: 49 Posted: 23 May 2012 Last Revised: 28 Feb 2014
SpearIt
University of Pittsburgh - School of Law
Downloads 124 (292,577)

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Race, Language, Structural Racism, Naming, Taxonomy

28.

Evolving Standards of Domination: Abandoning a Flawed Legal Standard and Approaching a New Era in Penal Reform

Chicago-Kent Law Review, Vol. 90, 2015
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 03 Mar 2015
SpearIt
University of Pittsburgh - School of Law
Downloads 111 (316,455)

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Evolving Standards of Decency, Eighth Amendment, Sentencing, Solitary Confinement, Social Darwinism

29.

Drafting Legal Documents in a Doctrinal Class

"Drafting Legal Documents in a Doctrinal Class," in Experiential Eduction in the Law School Curriculum (Carolina Academic Press 2017).
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 22 Aug 2017
SpearIt
University of Pittsburgh - School of Law
Downloads 105 (328,698)

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Experiential learning, experiential education, law teaching, legal pedagogy, skills training, ABA

30.

Uncertainty Ahead: Pell Grant Funding for Prisoners

The State of Justice 2017 American Bar Association
Number of pages: 4 Posted: 10 Aug 2017
SpearIt
University of Pittsburgh - School of Law
Downloads 87 (370,594)

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Pell Grant, Prisoners, Correction, Higher Education, Postsecondary Education, Reform

31.

Restoring Pell Grants for Prisoners -- Growing Momentum for Reform

The State of Criminal Justice 2016 (American Bar Association Criminal Justice Section 2016).
Number of pages: 6 Posted: 16 Aug 2016
SpearIt
University of Pittsburgh - School of Law
Downloads 87 (370,594)

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Prisoners, Pell Grant, Higher Education, Post Secondary Education, REAL Act, Donna Edwards

32.

Priorities of Pedagogy: Classroom Justice in the Law School Setting

California Western L. Rev. 467, 2012
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 02 Jun 2012 Last Revised: 28 Feb 2014
SpearIt
University of Pittsburgh - School of Law
Downloads 76 (401,365)

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Classroom Justice, Critical Pedagogy, Legal Education, Socratic Dialogue, Law School

33.

Religion in Prison

Religion and American Cultures, p. 1154, Gary Laderman & Luis Leon, eds., ABC-CLIO, 2014
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 19 Jan 2015
SpearIt
University of Pittsburgh - School of Law
Downloads 75 (404,356)

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religion, prison, Islam, rehabilitation, radicalization

34.

Reimagining the Death Penalty: Targeting Christians, Conservatives

Buffalo Law Review Vol. 68 (2020), U. of Pittsburgh Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2021-26
Number of pages: 46 Posted: 17 Aug 2020 Last Revised: 25 Aug 2021
SpearIt
University of Pittsburgh - School of Law
Downloads 71 (416,689)

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35.

Manufacturing Social Violence: The Prison Paradox & Future Escapes

Berkeley Journal of African-American Law & Policy, Vol. 11, No. 84, 2009
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 25 Jul 2010 Last Revised: 01 Sep 2021
SpearIt
University of Pittsburgh - School of Law
Downloads 71 (416,689)

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Prison, Violence, Ethnography, Gangs, Prison Administration, Prisoners' Rights

36.

Foreword to Thurgood Marshall School of Law Journal of Gender, Race & Justice, Vol. 6

Thurgood Marshall School of Law Journal of Gender, Race & Justice, Vol. 6, 2016
Number of pages: 5 Posted: 23 Apr 2016
SpearIt
University of Pittsburgh - School of Law
Downloads 55 (473,036)

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37.

The Catholic Church Sex Scandal and the Dying Death Penalty: Issues at the Intersection of Religion, Crime, and Punishment

Published in the State of Criminal Justice, 2019
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 08 Jul 2019
SpearIt
University of Pittsburgh - School of Law
Downloads 40 (538,922)

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38.

Pushing Pro Bono for the Incarcerated and Those Reentering Society

The State of Criminal Justice 2018 (American Bar Association 2018)
Number of pages: 6 Posted: 08 Aug 2018
SpearIt
University of Pittsburgh - School of Law
Downloads 36 (559,279)

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Pro bono, American Bar Association, Corrections, Law School, Experiential Education, Reentry, Prison

39.

The U.S. Constitution: Reimagining 'We the People' as an Inclusive Construct

6 The Bridge: Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Legal and Social Policy 1(2021)., U. of Pittsburgh Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2021-25
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 18 May 2021 Last Revised: 25 Aug 2021
Texas Southern University - Thurgood Marshall School of Law, Texas Southern University - Thurgood Marshall School of Law, Texas Southern University - Thurgood Marshall School of Law and University of Pittsburgh - School of Law
Downloads 29 (598,575)

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Police, Policing, Qualified Immunity, Law Enforcement, Correctional Officers, Prisons

40.

La Raza Book Reviews

Berkeley La Raza Law Journal, Vol. 19, p. 177, 2008
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 02 Aug 2010 Last Revised: 01 Sep 2021
SpearIt
University of Pittsburgh - School of Law
Downloads 27 (611,104)

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Latinos, Politics, Crime, Hispanics, Genetic Technology, Supreme Court

41.

Foreword: From LatCrit to LatCrit 2.0 -- Institutionalizing a Movement and Cultivating Next-Generation Scholarship

John Marshall Law Review, Vol. 47, No. 4, 2014
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 17 Apr 2015
SpearIt
University of Pittsburgh - School of Law
Downloads 26 (617,656)

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LatCrit, OutCrit Jurisprudence, Outsider Jurisprudence, Legal Theory, Critical Race Theory

42.

9/11 Impacts on Muslims in Prison

Michigan Journal of Race & Law, Vol. 27, p. 101, 2021, forthcoming, U. of Pittsburgh Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2022-02
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 17 Jan 2022
SpearIt
University of Pittsburgh - School of Law
Downloads 11 (727,830)

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Muslim, Islam, Prisons, Incarceration, 9/11, Islamophobia, Religion, Prison Litigation, Rehabilitation

Other Papers (1)

Total Downloads: 32
1.

Collection of Short Writings

Number of pages: 153 Posted: 25 Nov 2014 Last Revised: 09 Sep 2020
SpearIt
University of Pittsburgh - School of Law
Downloads 32

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op-ed, blog, short writings, opinion