Lawrence J. White

New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics

Professor of Economics

44 West 4th Street

Suite 9-160

New York, NY NY 10012

United States

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

123

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45,793

SSRN CITATIONS
Rank 758

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Top 758

in Total Papers Citations

597

CROSSREF CITATIONS

785

Scholarly Papers (123)

The Credit Rating Industry: An Industrial Organization Analysis

Number of pages: 40 Posted: 17 Apr 2001
Lawrence J. White
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 2,954 (4,470)
Citation 34

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The Credit Rating Industry: An Industrial Organization Analysis

NYU Working Paper No. EC-01-02
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 31 Oct 2008
Lawrence J. White
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 617 (48,961)

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Technological Change, Financial Innovation, and Diffusion in Banking

NYU Working Paper No. 2451/33549
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 16 Jan 2014
W. Scott Frame and Lawrence J. White
Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas and New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 2,406 (6,287)
Citation 3

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technological change; financial innovation, diffusion; banking

Technological Change, Financial Innovation, and Diffusion in Banking

Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta Working Paper 2009-10
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 16 Jul 2009
W. Scott Frame and Lawrence J. White
Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas and New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 298 (117,159)
Citation 9

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technological change, financial innovation, banking

Technological Change, Financial Innovation, and Diffusion in Banking

Number of pages: 32 Posted: 16 Jul 2009
W. Scott Frame and Lawrence J. White
Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas and New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 257 (136,971)
Citation 5

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Technological change, financial innovation, banking

3.

Economists' Statement on Network Neutrality Policy

AEI-Brookings Joint Center Working Paper No. RP07-08
Number of pages: 7 Posted: 28 Mar 2007
New York University - Stern School of Business, Berkley Center for Entrepreneurial Studies, Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) - Council on Foreign Relations- Washington D.C., University of Warwick - Warwick Business School, University of Maryland - Department of Economics, University of Oxford, Smith School, Clemson University, Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, National Economic Research Associates Inc. (NERA) (Deceased), Georgetown University - Department of Strategy/Economics/Ethics/Public Policy, Groupe d'Economie Mondiale at Sciences Po (GEM Paris), Stanford University, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management, Chapman University - Economic Science Institute, Technology Policy Institute, London Business School, New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics and University of Colorado at Boulder - Department of Economics
Downloads 2,465 (6,151)
Citation 7

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network neutrality, legislation, economics

4.

The Credit Rating Agencies: Understanding Their Central Role in the Subprime Debacle of 2007-2008

Number of pages: 17 Posted: 16 Jul 2009
Lawrence J. White
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 2,022 (8,576)
Citation 11

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credit rating agencies, nationally recognized statistical rating agency (NRSRO), Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), bond information market

5.

The Dynamics of Market Entry: The Effects of Mergers and Acquisitions on Entry in the Banking Industry

Number of pages: 45 Posted: 08 Dec 1999
University of South Carolina - Darla Moore School of Business, PepsiCo, University of Miami - Department of Finance and New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 1,664 (11,774)
Citation 36

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Entry, Bank, Mergers

6.

Why Do CEOS Reciprocally Sit on Each Other's Boards?

Number of pages: 40 Posted: 15 Dec 2000
Eliezer M. Fich and Lawrence J. White
Drexel University - Department of Finance and New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 1,528 (13,447)
Citation 11

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Interlocking directorates, CEOs, Board of directors, Corporate governance; Stock options

7.

Market Power: How Does it Arise? How is it Measured?

NYU Working Paper No. 2451/31547
Number of pages: 50 Posted: 12 May 2012
Lawrence J. White
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 1,470 (14,297)

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market power, monopoly, oligopoly, competition, Lerner index, S-C-P paradigm, antitrust, merger guidelines

Empirical Studies of Financial Innovation: Lots of Talk, Little Action?

FRB of Atlanta Working Paper No. 2002-12
Number of pages: 40 Posted: 05 Dec 2002
W. Scott Frame and Lawrence J. White
Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas and New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 932 (27,828)
Citation 40

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financial innovation, banking, securities, patents

Empirical Studies of Financial Innovation: Lots of Talk, Little Action?

NYU Working Paper No. EC-02-18
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 31 Oct 2008
W. Scott Frame and Lawrence J. White
Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas and New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 243 (144,818)
Citation 1

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Financial innovation, banking, securities, patents

9.

The Credit Rating Agencies and Their Role in the Financial System

Forthcoming in E. Brousseau, ed., Oxford Handbook on Institutions, International Economic Governance, and Market Regulation, Oxford University Press
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 25 Jun 2018
Lawrence J. White
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 1,093 (22,437)

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credit rating agency (CRA), nationally recognized statistical rating organization (NRSRO), asymmetric information, creditworthiness, bond markets, financial regulation, Moody’s, Standard & Poor’s, Fitch, prudential regulation

The Diffusion of Financial Innovations: An Examination of the Adoption of Small Business Credit Scoring by Large Banking Organizations

FRB Atlanta Working Paper No. 2001-9
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 30 May 2001
Jalal D. Akhavein, W. Scott Frame and Lawrence J. White
Fitch Ratings Inc., Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas and New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 759 (37,023)
Citation 26

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Credit scoring, small business lending, financial innovation, technology diffusion

The Diffusion of Financial Innovations: An Examination of the Adoption of Small Business Credit Scoring by Large Banking Organizations

NYU Working Paper No. EC-01-08
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 31 Oct 2008
Jalal D. Akhavein, W. Scott Frame and Lawrence J. White
Fitch Ratings Inc., Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas and New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 227 (154,715)

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Credit Scoring, Small Business Lending, Financial Innovation, Technology Diffusion

The Diffusion of Financial Innovations: An Examination of the Adoption of Small Business Credit Scoring by Large Banking Organizations

Journal of Business, Vol 78, No. 2, March 2005
Posted: 01 May 2006
Jalal D. Akhavein, W. Scott Frame and Lawrence J. White
Fitch Ratings Inc., Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas and New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics

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Credit scoring, small business lending, financial innovation, technology diffusion

11.

Microsoft and Browsers: Are the Antitrust Problems Really New?

New York University, Center for Law and Business, Working Paper No. 98-018
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 14 Jul 1999
Lawrence J. White
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 986 (26,040)

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The Growing Influence of Economics and Economists on Antitrust: An Extended Discussion

NYU Law and Economics Research Paper No. 08-07, Reg-Markets Center Working Paper No. 08-05
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 10 Feb 2008
Lawrence J. White
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 789 (35,110)

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Antitrust; industrial organization; merger analysis; vertical relationships

The Growing Influence of Economics and Economists on Antitrust: An Extended Discussion

NYU Working Paper No. 2451/26011
Number of pages: 45 Posted: 13 Oct 2008
Lawrence J. White
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 110 (285,635)
Citation 3

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Antitrust, industrial organization, merger analysis, vertical relationships

Cookie-Cutter Versus Character: The Micro Structure of Small Business Lending by Large and Small Banks

Number of pages: 46 Posted: 23 Feb 2002
Lawrence G. Goldberg, Rebel A. Cole and Lawrence J. White
University of Miami - Department of Finance, Florida Atlantic University and New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 643 (46,418)
Citation 35

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Small business lending, Banks, Relationship banking, and Size of bank

Cookie-Cutter Versus Character: The Micro Structure of Small-Business Lending by Large and Small Banks

Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis, Vol. 39, No. 2, June 2004
Number of pages: 43 Posted: 02 May 2004 Last Revised: 10 Apr 2010
Rebel A. Cole, Lawrence G. Goldberg and Lawrence J. White
Florida Atlantic University, University of Miami - Department of Finance and New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 172 (200,035)
Citation 31

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Bank, bank size, credit availability, relationship lending, small business

Cookie-Cutter Versus Character: The Micro Structure of Small Business Lending by Large and Small Banks

NYU Working Paper No. FIN-98-022
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 07 Nov 2008
Rebel A. Cole, Lawrence G. Goldberg and Lawrence J. White
Florida Atlantic University, University of Miami - Department of Finance and New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 51 (446,110)

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14.

Déjà Vu All Over Again: The Causes of U.S. Commercial Bank Failures This Time Around

Journal of Financial Services Research 42, 5-29
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 19 Jul 2010 Last Revised: 14 Jan 2013
Rebel A. Cole and Lawrence J. White
Florida Atlantic University and New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 827 (33,439)
Citation 63

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Bank, Bank Failure, Commercial Real Estate, CAMELS, FDIC, Financial Crisis, Mortgage-Backed Security, Risk-Based Capital, Risk-Weighted Assets

Wanted: A Market Definition Paradigm for Monopolization Cases

New York University, Center for Law and Business, Working Paper No. 99-002
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 13 Jul 1999
Lawrence J. White
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 704 (41,002)
Citation 4

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Wanted: A Market Definition Paradigm for Monopolization Cases

NYU Working Paper No. EC-99-01
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 03 Nov 2008
Lawrence J. White
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 68 (386,376)

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Wanted: A Market Definition Paradigm for Monopolization Cases

Posted: 24 Nov 1999
Lawrence J. White
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics

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16.

Technological Change and Financial Innovation in Banking: Some Implications for Fintech

FRB Atlanta Working Paper No. 2018-11
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 08 Oct 2018 Last Revised: 29 Apr 2020
W. Scott Frame, Larry D. Wall and Lawrence J. White
Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta - Research Department and New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 728 (39,790)
Citation 4

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financial innovation, technological change, banking, fintech

17.

Clean Water Act Brief

Reg-Markets Center Brief No. 08-03
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 27 Jul 2008
Stanford University - Department of Economics, New York University - Stern School of Business, Berkley Center for Entrepreneurial Studies, Columbia University - Law School, Stanford University - The Hoover Institution on War, Revolution and Peace, Brookings Institution, University of Maryland - Department of Economics, University of Chicago - Department of Economics, University of Oxford, Smith School, NERA Economic Consulting, Columbia Business School - Finance and Economics, National Economic Research Associates Inc. (NERA) (Deceased), Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) - Council on Foreign Relations- Washington D.C., Yale School of Management (Deceased), George Mason University - Center for Study of Public Choice, NERA Economic Consulting, Cato Institute, Stanford University - Department of Economics, University of Maryland - Department of Economics, Milken Institute, University of Chicago, Booth School of Business, University of Arizona - Eller College of Management, Princeton University - Department of Economics, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, University of Maryland, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management, Brookings Institution, Arizona State University (ASU) - Economics Department, Chapman University - Economic Science Institute, Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS), Vanderbilt University - Law School, New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics and Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS)
Downloads 706 (41,432)

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The Deregulation of the Telephone Industry: The Lessons from the U.S. Railroad Deregulation Experience

New York University, Center for Law and Business, Working Paper No. 98-016
Number of pages: 57 Posted: 10 Jul 1999
Lawrence J. White
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 687 (43,023)
Citation 1

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The Role of Competition Policy in the Promotion of Economic Growth

NYU Law and Economics Research Paper No. 08-23
Number of pages: 40 Posted: 07 May 2008
Lawrence J. White
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 473 (68,643)
Citation 1

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The Role of Competition Policy in the Promotion of Economic Growth

NYU Working Paper No. 2451/26028
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 13 Oct 2008
Lawrence J. White
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 180 (192,250)

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Competition policy, antitrust, economic growth, industrial policy, regulation

20.

U.S. Public Policy Toward Network Industries

New York University, Center for Law and Business, Working Paper No. 98-019
Number of pages: 54 Posted: 14 Jul 1999
Lawrence J. White
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 589 (52,732)
Citation 3

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Manifest Destiny? The Union Pacific-Southern Pacific Merger

New York University, Center for Law and Business, Working Paper No. 98-012
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 10 Jul 1999
John E. Kwoka, Jr. and Lawrence J. White
Northeastern University - Department of Economics and New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 586 (53,075)
Citation 3

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Financial Regulation and the Current Crisis: A Guide for the Antitrust Community

Number of pages: 62 Posted: 01 Jul 2009
Lawrence J. White
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 579 (53,227)
Citation 7

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competition, antitrust, housing crisis, too big to fail, financial regulation

Financial Regulation and the Current Crisis: A Guide for the Antitrust Community

Posted: 15 Jul 2009
Lawrence J. White
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics

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Antitrust, regulation, competition, too-big-to-fail

The Effects of Dynamic Changes in Bank Competition on the Supply of Small Business Credit

Number of pages: 29 Posted: 12 Sep 2001
Allen N. Berger, Lawrence G. Goldberg and Lawrence J. White
University of South Carolina - Darla Moore School of Business, University of Miami - Department of Finance and New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 502 (63,717)
Citation 1

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Bank, mergers, small business

The Effects of Dynamic Changes in Bank Competition on the Supply of Small Business Credit

NYU Working Paper No. EC-01-07
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 31 Oct 2008
Allen N. Berger, Lawrence G. Goldberg and Lawrence J. White
University of South Carolina - Darla Moore School of Business, University of Miami - Department of Finance and New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 58 (419,841)
Citation 3

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Bank, Mergers, Small Business

The Effects of Dynamic Changes in Bank Competition on the Supply of Small Business Credit

Posted: 12 Nov 2001
Allen N. Berger, Lawrence G. Goldberg and Lawrence J. White
University of South Carolina - Darla Moore School of Business, University of Miami - Department of Finance and New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics

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Bank, mergers, small business

24.

Antitrust Policy and Industrial Policy: A View from the U.S.

NYU Law and Economics Research Paper No. 08-05
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 12 Feb 2008
Lawrence J. White
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 497 (65,208)
Citation 3

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Reducing the Barriers to International Trade in Accounting Services: Why it Matters, and the Road Ahead

Number of pages: 50 Posted: 06 Jun 2000
Lawrence J. White
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 419 (79,506)
Citation 3

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Reducing the Barriers to International Trade in Accounting Services: Why it Matters, and the Road Ahead

NYU Working Paper No. EC-00-04
Number of pages: 49 Posted: 31 Oct 2008
Lawrence J. White
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 74 (368,466)

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The Residential Real Estate Brokerage Industry: What Would More Vigorous Competition Look Like?

NYU, Law and Economics Research Paper No. 06-16
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 10 Apr 2006
Lawrence J. White
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 276 (127,102)
Citation 13

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The Residential Real Estate Brokerage Industry: What Would More Vigorous Competition Look Like?

NYU Working Paper No. 2451/26068
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 13 Oct 2008
Lawrence J. White
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 201 (173,970)

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Residential real estate, brokerage, commissions, competition, multiple listing service

27.

Of Firewalls and Subsidiaries: The Right Stuff for Expanded Bank Activities

New York University School of Law, Center for Law and Business, Working Paper No. 98-017
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 10 Jul 1999
Bernard Shull and Lawrence J. White
City University of New York, CUNY Hunter College - Department of Economics and New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 473 (69,320)
Citation 8

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Fussing and Fuming Over Fannie and Freddie: How Much Smoke, How Much Fire?

NYU Stern Working Paper No. 04-27; FRB Atlanta Working Paper No. 2004-26
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 15 Oct 2004
Lawrence J. White and W. Scott Frame
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics and Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas
Downloads 420 (79,289)
Citation 36

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Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac, government-sponsored enterprises, residential mortgages, securitization, regulation

Fussing and Fuming Over Fannie and Freddie: How Much Smoke, How Much Fire?

NYU Working Paper No. S-FI-04-07
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 11 Nov 2008
W. Scott Frame and Lawrence J. White
Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas and New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 52 (442,248)

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Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac, government-sponsored enterprises, residential mortgages, securitization, regulation

29.

Monopoly and Dominant Firms: Antitrust Economics and Policy Approaches

NYU Working Paper No. 2451/31979
Number of pages: 47 Posted: 05 Sep 2013
Lawrence J. White
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 462 (71,404)

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Monopoly; dominant firm; market power, antitrust; Lerner Index; predation; exclusion

30.

Market Definition and Market Power in Payment Card Networks: Some Comments and Considerations

Number of pages: 18 Posted: 06 Mar 2006
Lawrence J. White
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 458 (72,172)
Citation 1

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Antitrust, regulation, market definition, market power, mergers, monopolization, payment networks

Good Intentions Gone Awry: A Policy Analysis of the Sec's Regulation of the Bond Rating Industry

Networks Financial Institute Policy Brief, No. 2006-PB-05, April 2006, NYU, Law and Economics Research Paper No. 06-36
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 10 Aug 2006
Lawrence J. White
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 223 (157,459)

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Securities and Exchange Commission, entry regulation, bond rating industry, nationally recognized statistical rating organizations

Good Intentions Gone Awry: A Policy Analysis of the Sec's Regulation of the Bond Rating Industry

NYU Law School, Public Law Research Paper No. 05-23
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 26 Oct 2005
Lawrence J. White
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 137 (242,239)
Citation 12

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Securities and Exchange Commission, entry regulation, bond rating industry, nationally recognized statistical rating organizations

Good Intentions Gone Awry: A Policy Analysis of the Sec's Regulation of the Bond Rating Industry

NYU Working Paper No. 2451/26109
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 13 Oct 2008
Lawrence J. White
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 96 (313,637)

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Securities and Exchange Commission, entry regulation, bond rating industry, nationally recognized statistical rating organizations

32.
Downloads 441 ( 75,460)
Citation 10

Lysine and Price Fixing: How Long? How Severe?

New York University, Center for Law and Business, Working Paper No. 99-001
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 14 Jul 1999
Lawrence J. White
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 316 (109,956)
Citation 11

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Lysine and Price Fixing: How Long? How Severe?

NYU Working Paper No. EC-99-02
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 03 Nov 2008
Lawrence J. White
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 125 (260,162)

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antitrust, price-fixing, treble damages

Lysine and Price Fixing: How Long? How Severe?

Posted: 14 Jul 1999
Lawrence J. White
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics

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33.

The Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act of 1999: A Bridge Too Far? Or Not Far Enough?

Suffolk University Law Review, 2010
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 10 May 2011
Lawrence J. White
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 429 (78,014)

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Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act, Glass-Steagall Act, Volcker Rule, commercial banking, investment banking, financial crisis

34.

Access and Interconnection Pricing: How Efficient is the "Efficient Component Pricing Rule"?

NYU Stern School of Business EC-95-04, Antitrust Bulletin, 1995
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 19 Jul 1995
Nicholas Economides and Lawrence J. White
New York University - Leonard N. Stern School of Business - Department of Economics and New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 429 (78,014)
Citation 7

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Horizontal Merger Antitrust Enforcement: Some Historical Perspectives, Some Current Observations

NYU, Law and Economics Research Paper No. 06-11
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 27 Jan 2006
Lawrence J. White
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 331 (104,480)
Citation 1

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Antitrust, Merger Enforcement, Merger Guidelines, Coordinated Effects, Unilateral Effects

Horizontal Merger Antitrust Enforcement: Some Historical Perspectives, Some Current Observations

NYU Working Paper No. 2451/26063
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 13 Oct 2008
Lawrence J. White
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 93 (320,185)

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Antitrust, Merger Enforcement, Merger Guidelines, Coordinated Effects, Unilateral Effects

Emerging Competition and Risk-Taking Incentives at Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac

FRB of Atlanta Working Paper No. 2004-4
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 22 Mar 2004
W. Scott Frame and Lawrence J. White
Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas and New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 322 (107,752)
Citation 6

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Government-sponsored enterprises, mortgages, securitization, risk-based capital, moral hazard, charter value

Emerging Competition and Risk-Taking Incentives at Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac

NYU Working Paper No. S-FI-04-01
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 11 Nov 2008
Lawrence J. White and W. Scott Frame
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics and Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas
Downloads 58 (419,841)

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Government-sponsored enterprises, mortgages, securitization, risk-based capital, moral hazard, charter value

Emerging Competition and Risk-Taking Incentives at Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac

NYU Working Paper No. 2451/26116
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 13 Oct 2008
Lawrence J. White and W. Scott Frame
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics and Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas
Downloads 32 (535,040)

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Government-sponsored enterprises, mortgages, securitization, risk-based capital, moral hazard, charter value

37.

File Early, then Free Ride: How Delaware Law (Mis)Shapes Shareholder Class Actions

Number of pages: 80 Posted: 03 Jun 2004
Elliott J. Weiss and Lawrence J. White
University of Arizona College of Law and New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 394 (86,166)
Citation 1

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Delaware law, class actions, mergers, agency costs

Mortgage Backed Securities: Another Way to Finance Housing

NYU Working Paper No. 2451/26128
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 13 Oct 2008
Lawrence J. White
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 204 (171,538)

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mortgage-backed securities, residential mortgages, housing finance, securitization

Mortgage Backed Securities: Another Way to Finance Housing

NYU Working Paper No. S-FI-04-05
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 11 Nov 2008
Lawrence J. White
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 187 (185,830)

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mortgage-backed securities, residential mortgages, housing finance, securitization

39.
Downloads 383 ( 89,027)
Citation 5

The Basics of 'Too Big to Fail'

NYU Working Paper No. 2451/33564
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 06 Mar 2014
Lawrence J. White
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 314 (110,710)

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Too big to fail (TBTF); prudential regulation; capital, leverage; liquidity; runs

The Basics of 'Too Big to Fail'

NYU Working Paper No. 2451/33564
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 25 Apr 2016
Lawrence J. White
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 69 (383,272)
Citation 3

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Too big to fail (TBTF); prudential regulation; capital, leverage; liquidity; runs

The Effects of Competition from Large, Multimarket Firms on the Performance of Small, Single-Market Firms: Evidence from the Banking Industry

Number of pages: 37 Posted: 28 Feb 2005
University of South Carolina - Darla Moore School of Business, Federal Reserve Bank of New York, University of Miami - Department of Finance and New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 327 (105,891)
Citation 4

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Banks, Community Banking, Bank Size, Multimarket Banks, Technological Progress

The Effects of Competition from Large, Multimarket Firms on the Performance of Small, Single-Market Firms: Evidence from the Banking Industry

NYU Working Paper No. 2451/26096
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 13 Oct 2008
University of South Carolina - Darla Moore School of Business, Federal Reserve Bank of New York, University of Miami - Department of Finance and New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 48 (458,151)
Citation 8

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Banks, Community Banking, Bank Size, Multimarket Banks, Technological Progress

41.

Competition for Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac?

Number of pages: 5 Posted: 22 Oct 2004
W. Scott Frame and Lawrence J. White
Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas and New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 369 (92,923)

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Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac, banking, finance, mortgage-backed securities, government sponsored enterprises, GSE, competition, regulation, reform

42.

A New Law for the Bond Rating Industry - For Better or for Worse?

Regulation, Forthcoming, New York University Law and Economics Research Paper No. 07-09
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 07 Feb 2007
Lawrence J. White
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 353 (97,798)

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Securities and Exchange Commission, entry regulation, bond rating industry, nationally recognized statistical rating organizations

43.

A New Law for the Bond Rating Industry

Regulation, Vol 30, No. 1, Spring 2007 pp. 48-52
Number of pages: 5 Posted: 09 Apr 2007
Lawrence J. White
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 351 (98,440)

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Lawrence J. White, A New Law for the Bond Rating Industry, Credit Rating Agency Reform Act, rater certification, transparency, bonds, SEC, securities and investment, NRSRO designation system, ENRON, Sarbanes-Oxley, regulation,

44.

Deregulation Gone Awry: Moral Hazard in the Savings and Loan Industry

Number of pages: 51 Posted: 03 Nov 2008
Rebel A. Cole, Joseph McKenzie and Lawrence J. White
Florida Atlantic University, Government of the United States of America - Federal Housing Finance Board (FHFB) and New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 343 (100,993)
Citation 3

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deregulation, failure, moral hazard, S&L, thrift

45.

Market Share Liability and its Alternatives

Number of pages: 31 Posted: 29 Feb 2000
Devra L. Golbe and Lawrence J. White
Hunter College, City University of New York and New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 341 (101,665)
Citation 1

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46.

Market Definition in Monopolization Cases: A Paradigm is Missing

ISSUES IN COMPETITION LAW AND POLICY, Wayne D. Collins, ed., Forthcoming, NYU, Law and Economics Research Paper No. 05-27
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 23 Nov 2005
Lawrence J. White
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 295 (119,071)
Citation 2

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47.

Multinationals Do It Better: Evidence on the Efficiency of Corporations Capital Budgeting

NYU Working Paper No. 2451/26066
Number of pages: 51 Posted: 13 Oct 2008
New York University Stern School of Business, Leonard N. Stern School of Business - Department of Economics, New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics and National University of Singapore - Business School
Downloads 282 (124,839)

Abstract:

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48.

Moving Music Licensing into the Digital Era: More Competition and Less Regulation

TPRC 44: The 44th Research Conference on Communication, Information and Internet Policy 2016
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 04 Mar 2016
Thomas M. Lenard and Lawrence J. White
Technology Policy Institute and New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 278 (126,743)
Citation 2

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music; copyright; performing rights organization; antitrust; regulation

Present at the Beginning of a New Era for Antitrust: Reflections on 1982-1983

New York University, Center for Law and Business, Working Paper No. 99-005
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 13 Jul 1999
Lawrence J. White
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 253 (139,106)
Citation 7

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Present at the Beginning of a New Era for Antitrust: Reflections on 1982-1983

NYU Working Paper No. EC-99-03
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 03 Nov 2008
Lawrence J. White
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 21 (606,732)
Citation 1

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Antitrust, mergers; price-fixing, monopolization

Present at the Beginning of a New Era for Antitrust: Reflections on 1982-1983

Posted: 13 Jul 1999
Lawrence J. White
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics

Abstract:

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50.

Corporate Governance and Prudential Regulation of Banks: Is There Any Connection?

RESEARCH HANDBOOK FOR BANKING AND GOVERNANCE, James R. Barth, Chen Lin, Clas Whilborg, eds., 2011
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 10 May 2011
Lawrence J. White
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 268 (131,761)

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Corporate Governance, Limited Liability, Prudential Regulation, Capital

What's Been Happening to Aggregate Concentration in the United States? (And Should We Care?)

NYU, Ctr for Law and Business Research Paper No. 01-08
Number of pages: 54 Posted: 12 Dec 2001
Lawrence J. White
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 213 (164,472)
Citation 7

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What's Been Happening to Aggregate Concentration in the United States? (And Should We Care?),

NYU Working Paper No. EC-02-03
Number of pages: 53 Posted: 31 Oct 2008
Lawrence J. White
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 48 (458,151)

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aggregate concentration, mergers, size distribution of firms

Preventing Bubbles: What Role for Financial Regulation?

Number of pages: 23 Posted: 11 May 2011
Lawrence J. White
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 201 (173,970)
Citation 3

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asset price bubbles, prudential regulation, capital, leverage

Preventing Bubbles: What Role for Financial Regulation?

Cato Journal, Vol. 31, No. 3, 2011
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 16 Apr 2013
Lawrence J. White
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 59 (416,243)

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stock market bubble, dot com bubble, housing bubble, housing crisis, government regulation, monetary policy, Federal Reserve

53.

What Has Been Happening to Aggregate Concentration in the U.S. Economy in the 21st Century?

Number of pages: 44 Posted: 18 Apr 2017
Lawrence J. White and Jasper Yang
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics and New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business
Downloads 258 (137,018)
Citation 4

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aggregate concentration, value added, employment, payrolls, profits, antitrust

54.

Market Definition and the Identification of Market Power in Monopolization Cases: A Critique and a Proposal

NYU Working Paper No. EC-03-26
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 31 Oct 2008
Philip B Nelson and Lawrence J. White
Economists Incorporated and New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 242 (145,894)

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antitrust, monopolization, exclusionary practices, market definition

Relationship Lending and Denovo Banks: An Examination of Bank Lending to Small Farm Borrowers

NYU Salomon Center Working Paper No. S-02-6
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 24 Jul 2002
Jalal D. Akhavein, Lawrence G. Goldberg and Lawrence J. White
Fitch Ratings Inc., University of Miami - Department of Finance and New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 191 (182,251)

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Banks, loans, lending relationships, denovo banks, agriculture, farms

Relationship Lending and Denovo Banks: An Examination of Bank Lending to Small Farm Borrowers

NYU Working Paper No. EC-02-04
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 31 Oct 2008
Jalal D. Akhavein, Lawrence G. Goldberg and Lawrence J. White
Fitch Ratings Inc., University of Miami - Department of Finance and New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 38 (503,464)

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Banks, loans, lending relationships, denovo banks, agriculture, farms

56.

ICANN at a Crossroads: A Proposal for Better Governance and Performance

Number of pages: 53 Posted: 15 Jul 2009 Last Revised: 23 Dec 2013
Thomas M. Lenard and Lawrence J. White
Technology Policy Institute and New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 221 (159,176)
Citation 3

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On Truly Privatizing Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac: Why it's Important, and How to Do it

Wharton Financial Institutions Center Working Paper No. 05-32
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 26 Oct 2005
Lawrence J. White
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 129 (254,002)
Citation 5

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Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac, government-sponsored enterprises, residential mortgages, securitization, privatization

On Truly Privatizing Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac: Why it's Important, and How to Do it

NYU Working Paper No. 2451/26102
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 13 Oct 2008
Lawrence J. White
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 82 (346,725)

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Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac, government-sponsored enterprises, residential mortgages, securitization, privatization

The Credit Rating Agencies: An Analysis Through the Lenses of Industrial Organization, Finance, and Regulation

Pacific Economic Review, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 43 Posted: 17 Mar 2016
Lawrence J. White
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 113 (280,268)

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credit rating agency, industrial organization, regulation, finance, nationally recognized statistical rating organization

The Credit Rating Agencies: An Analysis Through the Lenses of Industrial Organization, Finance, and Regulation

Pacific Economic Review, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 43 Posted: 26 Mar 2016
Lawrence J. White
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 94 (317,935)

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industrial organization

Should Wal-Mart, Real Estate Brokers, and Banks be in Bed Together? A Principles-Based Approach to the Issues of the Separation of Banking and Commerce

NYU Law and Economics Research Paper No. 07-23
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 20 Jul 2007
Lawrence J. White
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 149 (226,089)
Citation 1

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Should Wal-Mart, Real Estate Brokers, and Banks Be in Bed Together? A Principles-Based Approach to the Issues of the Separation of Banking and Commerce

NYU Working Paper No. 2451/26051
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 13 Oct 2008
Lawrence J. White
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 47 (462,366)

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Wal-Mart, real estate brokerage, banking and commerce, safety-and-soundness regulation

60.

A Close Connection between the Disciplines of Industrial Organization and Finance: A Worthy Objective or a Bridge Too Far?

NYU Working Paper No. 2451/31995
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 07 Nov 2013
Lawrence J. White
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 179 (193,219)

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Industrial organization; finance;, capital asset pricing model (CAPM); Tobin’s Q;, event studies

Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac, and Housing:Good Intentions Gone Awry

NYU Working Paper No. S-FI-06-01
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 11 Nov 2008
Lawrence J. White
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 105 (295,350)

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Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac, government-sponsored enterprises, housing, residential mortgages, securitization, regulation

Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac, and Housing: Good Intentions Gone Awry

NYU Working Paper No. 2451/26073
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 13 Oct 2008
Lawrence J. White
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 74 (368,466)

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Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac, government-sponsored enterprises, housing, residential mortgages, securitization, regulation

Antitrust and the Financial Sector - with Special Attention to 'Too Big to Fail'

NYU Working Paper No. 2451/33582
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 01 Apr 2014
Lawrence J. White
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 127 (256,960)

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antitrust; regulation; financial sector; too big to fail; banks

Antitrust and the Financial Sector - with Special Attention to 'Too Big to Fail'

NYU Working Paper No. 2451/33582
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 25 Apr 2016
Lawrence J. White
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 45 (470,999)

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antitrust; regulation; financial sector; too big to fail; banks

63.

An Economic Model for the Incentive/Access Paradigm of Copyright Propertization: an Argument in Support of the Proposed New §514 to the Copyright Act

NYU, Law and Economics Research Paper No. 06-15
Number of pages: 52 Posted: 10 Apr 2006
Sami Valkonen and Lawrence J. White
Jenner & Block, LLC and New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 171 (200,973)
Citation 3

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Aggregate Concentration in the Global Economy: Issues and Evidence

Number of pages: 36 Posted: 18 Sep 2003
Lawrence J. White
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 120 (268,339)

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aggregate concentration, mergers, global

Aggregate Concentration in the Global Economy: Issues and Evidence

NYU Working Paper No. EC-03-13
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 31 Oct 2008
Lawrence J. White
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 44 (475,455)

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aggregate concentration, mergers, global

65.

The Dymanics of Market Entry: The Effects of Mergers and Acquisitions on De Novo Entry and Small Business Lending in the Banking Industry,

NYU Working Paper No. EC-99-13
Number of pages: 52 Posted: 03 Nov 2008
University of South Carolina - Darla Moore School of Business, PepsiCo, University of Miami - Department of Finance and New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 161 (211,557)
Citation 1

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Entry, Barriers to Entry, Bank, Mergers, Small Business

Housing, Housing Policy, and Housing Finance: Time for a Re-Assessment

Milken Institute Review, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 19 Mar 2016
Lawrence J. White
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 131 (251,060)

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housing policy, housing finance, Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac, Federal Housing Administration, residential mortgages, mortgage-backed securtities

Housing, Housing Policy, and Housing Finance: Time for a Re-Assessment

Number of pages: 33 Posted: 26 Mar 2016
Lawrence J. White
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 26 (571,583)

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housing, mortgage finance

67.

The Inefficiency of the Ecpr Yet Again: A Reply to Larson

Number of pages: 18 Posted: 28 Jan 1999
Nicholas Economides and Lawrence J. White
New York University - Leonard N. Stern School of Business - Department of Economics and New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 156 (217,249)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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68.

Market Definition in Monopoly Cases: A Paradigm is Missing

Number of pages: 19 Posted: 13 Nov 2005
Lawrence J. White
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 152 (221,992)

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Antitrust, monopolization, market definition

69.

When Time Is Not on Our Side: The Costs of Regulatory Forbearance in the Closure of Insolvent Banks

Journal of Banking and Finance, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 50 Posted: 27 Nov 2015 Last Revised: 17 Mar 2017
Rebel A. Cole and Lawrence J. White
Florida Atlantic University and New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 136 (242,880)
Citation 6

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bank, bank failure, CAMELS, commercial real estate, failure cost, FDIC, financial crisis, forbearance, insolvent

70.

Lessons from the Debacle of '07-'08 for Financial Regulation and Its Overhaul

Number of pages: 34 Posted: 16 Jul 2009
Lawrence J. White
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 134 (245,796)

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71.

Assessing DOJ’s Proposed Remedy in Sprint/T-Mobile: Can Ex Ante Competitive Conditions in Wireless Markets Be Restored?

NET Institute Working Paper No. 19-14, NYU Stern School of Business
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 21 Oct 2019
New York University - Leonard N. Stern School of Business - Department of Economics, Northeastern University - Department of Economics, New York University (NYU) - Department of Finance, New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Econ One, University of Utah Department of Economics and New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 130 (251,602)

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Telecommunications; Merger; Tunney Act; Sprint; T-Mobile; Dish; DOJ

What Constitutes Appropriate Disclosure for a Financial Conglomerate?

NYU Working Paper No. EC-03-03
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 31 Oct 2008
Lawrence J. White
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 87 (334,231)

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Banks, Disclosure, Regulation, Basel II, Market Value Accounting, Subordinated Debt

What Constitutes Appropriate Disclosure for a Financial Conglomerate?

NYU Working Paper No. S-FI-02-14
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 11 Nov 2008
Lawrence J. White
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 43 (479,980)

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Banks, Disclosure, Regulation, Basel II, Market Value Accounting, Subordinated Debt

73.

The Fishery as a Watery Commons: Lessons from the Experiences of Other Public Policy Areas for U.S. Fisheries Policy

NYU Law and Economics Research Paper No. 06-51
Number of pages: 51 Posted: 17 Nov 2006
Lawrence J. White
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 125 (259,149)
Citation 2

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74.

Reducing Barriers to Services Trade: The U.S. Case

Leonard N. Stern School of Business Economics Working Paper
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 17 May 2007
Lawrence J. White
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 119 (268,832)

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trade in services, barriers, regulation, GATS

75.

Staples-Office Depot and Up-Sp: An Antitrust Tale of Two Proposed Mergers

NYU Working Paper No. EC-02-12
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 31 Oct 2008
Lawrence J. White
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 115 (275,373)
Citation 1

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mergers, antitrust, office super stores, railroads

76.

Bank Regulation in the United States: Understanding the Lessons of the 1980s and 1990s

NYU Working Paper No. EC-00-02
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 31 Oct 2008
Lawrence J. White
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 115 (275,373)
Citation 1

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77.

"Propertyzing" the Electromagnetic Spectrum: Why it's Important, and How to Begin

NYU Working Paper No. EC-00-08
Number of pages: 43 Posted: 31 Oct 2008
Lawrence J. White
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 114 (277,123)
Citation 4

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Measuring the Value of Strategic Alliances in the Wake of a Financial Implosion: Evidence from Japan's Financial Services Sector

NYU Working Paper No. S-FI-03-09
Number of pages: 54 Posted: 11 Nov 2008
Ingyu Chiou and Lawrence J. White
Eastern Illinois University and New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 75 (365,676)

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Measuring the Value of Strategic Alliances in the Wake of a Financial Implosion: Evidence from Japan's Financial Services Sector

NYU Working Paper No. EC-03-23
Number of pages: 54 Posted: 31 Oct 2008
Ingyu Chiou and Lawrence J. White
Eastern Illinois University and New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 36 (513,457)
Citation 1

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79.

The Future of Fannie and Freddie

New York University Journal of Law and Business, Vol. 10, p. 339, 2014, Brooklyn Law School, Legal Studies Paper, No. 407
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 01 May 2015
Cato Institute, Brooklyn Law School, New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics, New York University (NYU) and New York University School of Law
Downloads 108 (287,770)

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GSE, Fannie, Freddie, Government-Sponsored Enterprise, FHFA, Federal Housing Finance Agency, housing finance, mortgage market, guaranteed mortgage,Lawrence White, Mark Calabira, Mark Willis, Michael Levine, home ownership, systemic risk, nationalization, consumer protection, FRM, fixed rate mortgage

80.

A New Law for the Bond Rating Industry - For Better or For Worse

NYU Working Paper No. 2451/26034
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 13 Oct 2008
Lawrence J. White
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 106 (291,703)

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81.

Focusing More on Outputs and on Markets: What Financial Regulation Can Learn from Progress in Other Policy Areas

Networks Financial Institute Policy Brief No. 2006-PB-18
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 29 Nov 2006
Lawrence J. White
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 102 (299,421)
Citation 3

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Financial regulation, command-and-control, technology standards, performance standards, cap-and-trade, auctions, dedicated access privilege

82.

"Market Definition in Monopoly Cases: A Paradigm is Missing,"

NYU Working Paper No. 2451/26111
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 13 Oct 2008
Lawrence J. White
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 99 (305,256)

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antitrust, monopolization, market definition

83.

Why Do Ceo's Reciprocally Sit on Each Other's Boards?

NYU Working Paper No. EC-01-03
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 31 Oct 2008
Eliezer M. Fitch and Lawrence J. White
affiliation not provided to SSRN and New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 95 (313,447)

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Interlocking directorates, CEOs, Board of directors, Corporate governance, Stock options

84.

The Community Reinvestment Act: Good Goals, Flawed Concept

Number of pages: 10 Posted: 16 Jul 2009
Lawrence J. White
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 94 (315,587)

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85.

Market Definition and Market Power in Payment Card Networks: Some Comments and Considerations

NYU Working Paper No. 2451/26065
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 13 Oct 2008
Lawrence J. White
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 93 (317,753)

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Antitrust, regulation, market definition,, market power, mergers, monopolization, payment networks

86.

Reforming the Selection of Rating Agencies in Securitization Markets: A Modest Proposal

Milken Institute Review, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 7 Posted: 23 Dec 2016
Howard Esaki and Lawrence J. White
Retired, Former Head of Structured Finance Research, S&P and New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 86 (333,799)

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rating agencies, agency standards

87.

Youth, Adolescence, and Maturity of Banks: Credit Availability to Small Business in an Era of Banking Consolidation

NYU Working Paper No. FIN-98-025
Number of pages: 52 Posted: 07 Nov 2008
Robert DeYoung, Lawrence G. Goldberg and Lawrence J. White
University of Kansas School of Business, University of Miami - Department of Finance and New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 85 (336,245)
Citation 32

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88.

The Way Forward: U.S. Residential Mortgage Finance in a Post-GSE World

Number of pages: 24 Posted: 10 May 2011
Lawrence J. White
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 75 (361,817)

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secondary mortgage market, mortgage-backed securities, mortgage guarantees, fixed rate

89.

Increasing Spectrum for Broadband: What are the Options?

Number of pages: 45 Posted: 17 Feb 2010
Thomas M. Lenard, Lawrence J. White and James L. Riso
Technology Policy Institute, New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics and Technology Policy Institute
Downloads 75 (361,817)
Citation 2

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Spectrum, Wireless, Broadband

90.

International Trade in Services: More than Meets the Eye

NYU Working Paper No. EC-02-13
Number of pages: 43 Posted: 31 Oct 2008
Lawrence J. White
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 75 (361,817)

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91.

Multinationals Do it Better: Evidence on the Efficiency of Corporations' Capital Budgeting

Journal of Empirical Finance, Vol. 16, No. 5, 2009
Number of pages: 53 Posted: 19 Aug 2014
William H. Greene, Abigail S. Hornstein and Lawrence J. White
New York University Stern School of Business, Wesleyan University and New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 74 (364,514)

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capital budgeting; marginal q; multinational enterprises

92.

The New Industrial Organization and Small Business

NYU Working Paper No. EC-00-03
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 31 Oct 2008
John E. Kwoka Jr. and Lawrence J. White
affiliation not provided to SSRN and New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 67 (384,759)
Citation 1

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93.

An Economic Model for the Incentive/Access Paradigm of Copyright Propertization: An Argument in Support of the Proposed New 514 to the Copyright Act

NYU Working Paper No. 2451/26067
Number of pages: 51 Posted: 13 Oct 2008
Lawrence J. White and Sami Valkonen
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics and Jenner & Block, LLC
Downloads 64 (394,007)

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Copyright, Orphan Works, Incentive-Access Paradigm, Intellectual Property

94.

Regulating Housing GSEs: Thoughts on Institutional Structure and Authorities

NYU Working Paper No. 2451/26115
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 13 Oct 2008
Lawrence J. White and W. Scott Frame
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics and Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas
Downloads 63 (397,246)

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Government-sponsored enterprises, risk, regulation

95.

De Novo Banks and Lending to Small Businesses: An Empirical Analysis

NYU Working Paper No. FIN-98-039
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 07 Nov 2008
Lawrence G. Goldberg and Lawrence J. White
University of Miami - Department of Finance and New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 62 (400,442)
Citation 10

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96.

Economists’ Tunney Act Reply Comments on the DOJ’s Proposed Remedy in the Sprint/T-Mobile Merger Proceeding

NET Institute Working Paper No. 20-02, 2020, NYU Stern School of Business
Number of pages: 468 Posted: 26 Jan 2020
New York University - Leonard N. Stern School of Business - Department of Economics, Northeastern University - Department of Economics, New York University (NYU) - Department of Finance, New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Econ One, University of Utah Department of Economics and New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 61 (403,696)

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Telecommunications, Merger, Tunney Act, Sprint, T-Mobile, Dish, DOJ, AT&T, Verizon

97.

A 'Primarily Property' Presumption Is – Still – Really Needed for the IP/Antitrust Interface

NYU Stern School of Business
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 22 Jun 2020
Lawrence J. White
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 59 (410,336)

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Antitrust; intellectual property; monopoly; market power; patent; copyright; trademark

Focusing on Fannie and Freddie: The Dilemmas of Reforming Housing Finance

NYU Working Paper No. EC-02-01
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 31 Oct 2008
Lawrence J. White
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 58 (419,841)
Citation 2

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housing finance, mortgages, Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac, government sponsored enterprises

Focusing on Fannie and Freddie: The Dilemmas of Reforming Housing Finance

Posted: 08 Mar 2003
Lawrence J. White
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics

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Housing finance, mortgages, Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac, government sponsored enterprises

99.

Comments on the DOJ/FTC Draft Vertical Merger Guidelines

NET Institute Working Paper No. #20-04, 2020, NYU Stern School of Business
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 20 Feb 2020
New York University - Leonard N. Stern School of Business - Department of Economics, Northeastern University - Department of Economics, New York University (NYU) - Department of Finance, Econ One and New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 56 (420,685)
Citation 1

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DOJ, FTC, Vertical Merger, Guidelines

100.

In the Supreme Court of the United States...Counsel for Amici Curiae

Number of pages: 40 Posted: 20 Dec 2017
Lawrence J. White
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 54 (427,730)
Citation 4

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antitrust, industrial organization, competition

101.

State of New York v. Deutsche Telecom AG. Brief of Amici Curiae Nicholas Economides, John Kwoka, Thomas Philippon, Robert Seamans, Hal Singer, Marshall Steinbaum, and Lawrence J. White in Support of Plaintiffs

NET Institute Working Paper No. #20-01, NYU Stern School of Business
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 15 Jan 2020
New York University - Leonard N. Stern School of Business - Department of Economics, Northeastern University - Department of Economics, New York University (NYU) - Department of Finance, New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Econ One, University of Utah Department of Economics and New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 50 (442,449)

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antitrust, telecommunications, merger, Sprint, T-Mobile, AT&T, Verizon, Dish, DOJ

102.

Antitrust During the Clinton Administration: An Assessment

NYU Working Paper No. EC-03-01
Number of pages: 47 Posted: 31 Oct 2008
Lawrence J. White
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 39 (488,203)

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Antitrust, Sherman Act, Clayton Act, Justice Department, Federal Trade Commission, mergers, monopoly, predation

103.

The Devil's in the Tail: Residential Mortgage Finance and the US Treasury

Journal of Applied Finance (Formerly Financial Practice and Education), Vol. 23, No. 2, 2013
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 06 Nov 2015
W. Scott Frame, Larry D. Wall and Lawrence J. White
Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta - Research Department and New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 35 (506,725)
Citation 6

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104.

The Fishery as a Watery Commons: Lessons from the Experiences of Other Public Policy Areas for Us Fisheries Policy

NYU Working Paper No. 2451/26080
Number of pages: 50 Posted: 13 Oct 2008
Lawrence J. White
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
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fisheries, common pool, command and control regulation, individual fishing quotas

105.

Brief for Amici Curiae John M. Connor, Martin Gaynor, Daniel Mcfadden, Roger Noll, Jeffrey M. Perloff, Joseph A. Stiglitz, Lawrence J. White, and Ralph A. Winter in Support of Petitioners; In the Supreme Court of the United States; States of Ohio, Connecticut, Idaho, Illinois, Iowa, Maryland, Michigan, Montana, Rhode Island, Utah, and Vermont, Petitioners v. American Express Company, and American Express Travel Related Services Company, Inc., Respondents.

Number of pages: 32 Posted: 12 Dec 2018
Purdue University, Carnegie Mellon University, University of California, Berkeley - Department of Economics, Stanford University - Department of Economics, University of California, Berkeley - Department of Agricultural & Resource Economics, Columbia Business School - Finance and Economics, New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics and University of British Columbia (UBC) - Division of Finance
Downloads 32 (521,931)
Citation 2

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Antitrust, Competition, Two-sided markets

106.

An Assessment of the Credit Rating Agencies: Background, Analysis, and Policy

MERCATUS WORKING PAPER
Number of pages: 68 Posted: 12 Jul 2018
Lawrence J. White
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 30 (532,370)

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107.

The University in the Marketplace: Some Insights and Some Puzzles

NBER Working Paper No. w3853
Number of pages: 45 Posted: 08 Aug 2007 Last Revised: 16 Jul 2010
Michael Rothschild and Lawrence J. White
Princeton University and New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 28 (543,696)

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108.

Fussing and Fuming Over Fannie and Freddie: How Much Smoke, How Much Fire?

NYU Working Paper No. EC-04-27
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 31 Oct 2008
W. Scott Frame and Lawrence J. White
Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas and New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 27 (549,445)
Citation 1

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Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac, government-sponsored enterprises, residential mortgages, securitization, regulation

109.

Rethinking Antitrust

Number of pages: 18
Lawrence J. White
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
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Antitrust, mergers, relevant markets, monopolization; predation, U.S. Department of Justice, Federal Trade Commission

110.

Wal-Mart and Banks: Should the Twain Meet? A Principles-Based Approach to the Issues of the Separation of Banking and Commerce

Contemporary Economic Policy, Vol. 27, Issue 4, pp. 440-449, October 2009
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 26 Oct 2009
Lawrence J. White
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
Downloads 2 (725,334)
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111.

Antitrust Economics and Consumer Protection Economics in Policy and Litigation: Why the Disparity?

Economic Inquiry, Vol. 58, Issue 4, pp. 1555-1564, 2020
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 06 Oct 2020
Lawrence J. White
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
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112.

Using the Tools of Industrial Organisation to Illuminate the Credit Rating Industry

The Japanese Economic Review, Vol. 70, Issue 3, pp. 367-374, 2019
Number of pages: 8 Posted: 28 May 2020
Lawrence J. White
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
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113.

Deregulating Wall Street

Annual Review of Financial Economics, Vol. 10, pp. 199-217, 2018
Posted: 08 Nov 2018
New York University (NYU) - Department of Finance, New York University - Stern School of Business - Department of Economics and New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics

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114.

What to Do About the GSEs?

Annual Review of Financial Economics, Vol. 9, pp. 21-41, 2017
Posted: 03 Jan 2018
New York University (NYU) - Department of Finance, Columbia University Graduate School of Business and New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics

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115.

Credit Rating Agencies: An Analysis Through the Lenses of Industrial Organization, Finance and Regulation

Pacific Economic Review, Vol. 21, Issue 2, pp. 202-226, 2016
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 18 May 2016
Lawrence J. White
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
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Citation 18
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116.

Credit Rating Agencies: An Overview

Annual Review of Financial Economics, Vol. 5, pp. 93-122, 2013
Posted: 08 Nov 2013
Lawrence J. White
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics

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117.

The Devil's in the Tail: Residential Mortgage Finance and the U.S. Treasury

NYU Working Paper No. 2451/31589
Posted: 17 Aug 2012
W. Scott Frame, Larry D. Wall and Lawrence J. White
Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta - Research Department and New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics

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residential mortgages, securitization, government-sponsored enterprises, housing subsidies.

118.

CEO Compensation and Turnover: The Effects of Mutually Interlocked Boards

Posted: 09 Jun 2005
Eliezer M. Fich and Lawrence J. White
Drexel University - Department of Finance and New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics

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Interlocks, CEO Compensation, CEO Turnover

119.

One-Way Networks, Two-Way Networks, Compatibility, and Public Policy

EC-93-14
Posted: 25 Aug 1998
Nicholas Economides and Lawrence J. White
New York University - Leonard N. Stern School of Business - Department of Economics and New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics

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120.

The Naic Model Investment Law: A Missed Opportunity

S-95-18
Posted: 24 Aug 1998
Lawrence J. White
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics

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121.

Technological Change, Financial Innovation, and Financial Regulation in the U.S.: The Challenges for Public Policy

WPS S-96-45
Posted: 28 Jan 1997
Lawrence J. White
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics

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122.

The Challenges of the New Electronic Technologies in Banking: Private Strategies and Public Policies

Posted: 28 Jan 1997
Paul M. Horvitz and Lawrence J. White
University of Houston - C.T. Bauer College of Business and New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics

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123.

Rethinking Antitrust

Number of pages: 18
Lawrence J. White
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics
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Antitrust, mergers, relevant markets, monopolization, predation, U.S. Department of Justice, Federal Trade Commission