Danny Friedmann

Peking University School of Transnational Law

Assistant Professor of Law

Peking Univ. Shenzhen Campus

University Town, Xili, Nanshan District

Shenzhen, 518055

China

http://stl.pku.edu.cn/faculty-2/danny-friedmann/

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

33

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Ideas:
“  Emerging technology and new societal challenges create a future-proof demand for recalibrations of Intellectual Property Law and paradigm shifts that can overcome path dependencies.  ”

Scholarly Papers (33)

1.

Jumping from Mother Monkey to Bored Ape: The Value of NFTs from an Artist’s and Intellectual Property Perspective

31(1) Asia Pacific Law Review 2023 (online publication September 2022), Peking University School of Transnational Law Research Paper
Number of pages: 45 Posted: 27 Sep 2022
Jun CHEN and Danny Friedmann
The Chinese University of Hong Kong and Peking University School of Transnational Law
Downloads 1,077 (37,350)

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Value of art, blockchain, copyright, deconstruction, lineage, Maecenas, NFT, resale right

2.

Digital Single Market, First Stop to The Metaverse: Counterlife of Copyright Protection Wanted

In: LAW AND ECONOMICS OF THE DIGITAL TRANSFORMATION, Klaus Mathis and Avishalom Tor, eds. (Springer, 2022 Forthcoming), Peking University School of Transnational Law Research Paper
Number of pages: 40 Posted: 20 May 2022
Danny Friedmann
Peking University School of Transnational Law
Downloads 631 (76,782)

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copyright, metaverse, exceptions or limitations, fair use, intermediary liability, automatic content recognition, artificial intelligence, Digital Single Market, Article 17 Directive 2019/790, digital transformation

3.

Geographical Indications in the EU, China and Australia, WTO Case Bottling Up Over Prosecco

in SIXTY YEARS OF EUROPEAN INTEGRATION AND GLOBAL POWER SHIFTS, PERCEPTIONS, INTERACTIONS AND LESSONS, Julien Chaisse ed. (Oxford, Hart Publishing, 2019) 411-427., Peking University School of Transnational Law Research Paper No. 18-14
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 09 Aug 2018 Last Revised: 02 Jan 2021
Danny Friedmann
Peking University School of Transnational Law
Downloads 523 (97,220)

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Appellation of Origin, Certification Trademark, Collective Agricultural Policy, Geographical Indication, Grape Variety, Multi-Component Term, Prosecco, Regionality, Terroir, Typicality

4.

The Uniqueness of the Trade Mark: A Critical Analysis of the Specificity and Territoriality Principles

(2016) 38(11) E.I.P.R. 678-686
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 22 Apr 2017 Last Revised: 09 May 2017
Danny Friedmann
Peking University School of Transnational Law
Downloads 414 (128,416)

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Competition law, Confusion, Dilution, Passing off, Trade marks, Trademarks

5.

Oscillating from Safe Harbor to Liability: China's IP Regulation and Omniscient Intermediaries

Danny Friedmann, Oscillating from Safe Harbor to Liability: China’s IP Regulation and Omniscient Intermediaries, THE OXFORD HANDBOOK OF ONLINE INTERMEDIARY LIABILITY (Giancarlo Frosio, ed., OUP: Oxford 2020) 277-294.
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 18 May 2017 Last Revised: 02 Jan 2021
Danny Friedmann
Peking University School of Transnational Law
Downloads 265 (207,437)

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intermediary liability, China, internet, online service provider, trademark law, copyright law, algorithms, big data, filtering, monitoring obligation, wilful blindness, strict liability, safe harbor provisions, E-Commerce

The Bottle is the Message: Only the Distinctive Survive as 3-D Community Mark

10(1) JOURNAL OF INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY LAW AND PRACTICE 35-42 (2015).
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 18 Feb 2015 Last Revised: 19 Apr 2016
Danny Friedmann
Peking University School of Transnational Law
Downloads 181 (296,619)

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community trade mark, three-dimensional trademark, 3D trademark, shape mark, OHIM

The Bottle is the Message: Only the Distinctive Survive as 3-D Community Mark

63 GRUR INT 1195 (December 2014).
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 18 Feb 2015 Last Revised: 19 Apr 2016
Danny Friedmann
Peking University School of Transnational Law
Downloads 83 (539,086)

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three-dimensional community trademarks, OHIM, CJEU, shape trademarks, bottles, 3-D community marks

7.

Paradoxes, Google and China - How Censorship Can Harm and Intellectual Property Can Harness Innovation

GOOGLE AND THE LAW: IT AND THE LAW, Aurelio Lopez-Tarruella, ed. (TMC Asser, 2012) 303-327.
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 16 Jul 2011 Last Revised: 04 Jan 2021
Danny Friedmann
Peking University School of Transnational Law
Downloads 251 (219,011)

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innovation, intellectual property, filtering, Google, China

8.

Enforced Prostitution in International Law Through the Prism of the Dutch Temporary Courts Martial at Batavia

M. Bergsmo, Cheah W.L. and Yi P. (eds.) HISTORICAL ORIGINS OF INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL LAW (TOAEP, Torkel Opsahl Academic EPublisher, 2014) 331-354.
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 26 Feb 2015 Last Revised: 04 Jan 2021
Danny Friedmann and Nina H.B. Jørgensen
Peking University School of Transnational Law and The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK) - Faculty of Law
Downloads 194 (279,199)

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International Law, International Criminal Law, Enforced Prostitution, Temporary Courts-Martial of Batavia, Temporaine krijgsraden in Batavia, 1946-1949, former Dutch East Indies

9.

EU Opens Door for Sound Marks: Will Scent Marks Follow?

Journal of Intellectual Property Law & Practice (2015) 10 (12): 931-939.
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 21 Apr 2016
Danny Friedmann
Peking University School of Transnational Law
Downloads 193 (280,478)
Citation 1

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10.

Working Paper: Let One Thousand Brands Blossom in the Walled Gardens of Social Media

Number of pages: 21 Posted: 20 May 2011 Last Revised: 19 Aug 2014
Danny Friedmann
Peking University School of Transnational Law
Downloads 162 (327,141)

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trademark law, contributory liability, social media, brand use

11.

A Paradigm Shift of the Trademark Logo Towards Algorithmic Justice

PhD thesis, Faculty of Law, Chinese University of Hong Kong, August 31, 2013
Number of pages: 382 Posted: 18 May 2017
Danny Friedmann
Peking University School of Transnational Law
Downloads 160 (330,614)

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intermediary liability, online service provider, trademark law, social media, algorithmic justice, automated enforcement, intellectual property law, Creative Commons, pre-update filtering, filtering, monitoring obligation, wilful blindness, strict liability, safe harbor provisions, safe harbor

12.

The Effects of the Enforcement Directive on Dutch Patent Law: Much Ado About Nothing?

Number of pages: 26 Posted: 12 Nov 2010
Danny Friedmann
Peking University School of Transnational Law
Downloads 148 (352,648)

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patent law, octrooirecht, Dutch patent law, utility model, enforcement directive 2004/48/EC, TRIPs

13.

TPP's Coup de Grâce: How the Trademark System Prevailed as Geographical Indication System

in PARADIGM SHIFT IN INTERNATIONAL ECONOMIC LAW RULE-MAKING, TPP AS A NEW MODEL FOR TRADE AGREEMENTS?, Julien Chaisse, Henry Gao, and Chang-fa Lo eds. (New York: Springer, Series “Economics, Law, and Institutions in Asia Pacific,” 2017) 273-291.
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 22 Dec 2017 Last Revised: 02 Jan 2021
Danny Friedmann
Peking University School of Transnational Law
Downloads 134 (381,324)

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geographical indications, certification trademark, collective trademark, sui generis, appellation of origin, TPP, Paris Convention, Madrid Agreement, Geneva Act of the Lisbon Agreement, Lisbon Agreement

14.

Innovative Foods with Transparent Labels that Will Have the Next Pandemic for Breakfast

LAW AND ECONOMICS OF THE CORONAVIRUS CRISIS, Klaus Mathis and Avishalom Tor, eds. (Springer, Forthcoming), Peking University School of Transnational Law Research Paper
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 02 Jul 2021
Danny Friedmann
Peking University School of Transnational Law
Downloads 133 (383,563)
Citation 1

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plant-based food, cell-cultured food, transparency in labels, health, sustainability, ethicality

15.

Sinking the Safe Harbour with the Legal Certainty of Strict Liability in Sight

Journal of Intellectual Property Law & Practice (2014) 9 (2): 148-155. doi: 10.1093/jiplp/jpt227
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 12 Aug 2014 Last Revised: 19 Apr 2016
Danny Friedmann
Peking University School of Transnational Law
Downloads 131 (388,036)

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monitoring, OSP, user-generated content, strict liability, internet users, safe harbour provisions, safe harbor provisions, E-commerce Directive, DMCA, Lanham Act, L'Oréal SA and others v eBay International AG and others, Google France and Google, Tiffany Inc. v. eBay, Hermès v. eBay

16.

Protecting the Integrity of Consumer Information and the Supply Chain of Wine in China

Protecting the Integrity of Consumer Information and the Supply Chain of Wine in China in CONSUMER PROTECTION IN CHINA: CURRENT CHALLENGES AND FUTURE PROSPECTS’ (Fernando Dias Simões ed.) Leiden: Brill, 2019 Forthcoming
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 17 Oct 2018
Danny Friedmann
Peking University School of Transnational Law
Downloads 127 (397,596)

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Consumer Protection Law; Product Quality Law; Advertisement Law; Anti-Unfair Competition Law; Trademark Law; Certification Trademark; Geographical Indication, SIPO; China; Supply Chain Integrity; Blockchain; IoT

17.

Grafting the Old and New World: Towards a Universal Trademark Register that Cancels Generic IGO Terms

in WINE LAW AND POLICY: FROM NATIONAL TERROIRS TO A GLOBAL MARKET, Julien Chaisse, Fernando Dias Simões, Danny Friedmann, eds. (Boston: Brill Nijhoff 2020) 311–345. , Peking University School of Transnational Law Research Paper
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 14 May 2020 Last Revised: 02 Jan 2021
Danny Friedmann
Peking University School of Transnational Law
Downloads 113 (433,759)
Citation 1

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Indication of Source, Geographical Indication, Appellation of Origin, Bilateral Agreements, Multilateral Agreements, PDO, PGI, TRIPs, Geneva Act Lisbon Agreement, China

18.

IP Protection of Preventive TCM and Precision Medicine in China, Harnessing Holistic Research from Man to Mankind

Special number Medicine and Law (WAML), Forthcoming
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 20 Dec 2017
Danny Friedmann
Peking University School of Transnational Law
Downloads 110 (442,517)

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Intellectual Property; Patent Law; Trade Secret; Geographical Indication; Precision Medicine; Preventive Medicine; Traditional Chinese Medicine; CRISPR-Cas9; Genetic Markers; China

19.

Sacrificing the Patentability Standard of Novelty and Industrial Application on the Altar of Incremental Biotech Innovation in Hong Kong

BIOTECHNOLOGY IN HONG KONG, Volume III, Albert Wai-Kit Chan, ed. (Whitestone: U.S.-China IP Institute 2018) 291-307.
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 29 Apr 2017 Last Revised: 04 Jan 2021
Danny Friedmann
Peking University School of Transnational Law
Downloads 98 (480,208)

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novelty, non-obviousness, inventiveness, patent law, intellectual property law, pharmaceuticals, secondary medical use, further medical use, Swiss-type claims, alchemy, polymorphs, enantiomers, salts, ethers, esters, compositions, doses, prodrugs, metabolites, industrial application

20.

Rise and Demise of U.S. Social Media in China, A Touchstone of WTO and BIT Regulations

in CHINA'S INFLUENCE ON NON-TRADE CONCERNS IN INTERNATIONAL ECONOMIC LAW, Paolo Farah, Elina Cima, eds. (London: Routledge 2016) 382-394.
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 25 Apr 2017 Last Revised: 04 Jan 2021
Danny Friedmann
Peking University School of Transnational Law
Downloads 96 (490,200)

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social media, China, competition law, national champions, Facebook, NYSE, NASDAQ, GATS, BIT, YouTube, Youku, Telecommunications Regulation, telecommunications, online service providers

21.

How to Work within China's IPR Enforcement System for Trade Mark and Design Rights

1/2007 Benelux Merken Modellenrecht Bulletin Volume 33 (8-12)
Number of pages: 5 Posted: 09 Mar 2013
Danny Friedmann
Peking University School of Transnational Law
Downloads 90 (507,335)

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Trademark law, Product Qualtiy Law, AQSIQ, SIPO, TRIPS, WTO, customs, administrative enforcement route, criminal enforcement route, Public Security Bureau, People's Procuratorate Bureau, design patent, People's Republic of China

22.

The Rational Construction of a Universal Register for Distinctive Wines and Spirits GIs Against Dilution

Journal of World Intellectual Property, 2021; 25: 106-121, https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/jwip.12209, Peking University School of Transnational Law Research Paper
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 10 Jan 2022 Last Revised: 19 Apr 2022
Danny Friedmann
Peking University School of Transnational Law
Downloads 86 (522,017)

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geographical indications, appellations of origin, PDO, PGI, indications of geographical origin TRIPs, Geneva Act Lisbon Agreement, multilateral register, certification trademarks, wines and spirits, distinctiveness, universality, dilution

23.

Correcting Information Asymmetry via Deep Consumer Information; Compelling Companies to Let the Sunshine In

in CONSUMER LAW AND ECONOMICS (Klaus Mathis and Avishalom Tor, eds., Cham, Switzerland: Springer 2020) 151-176., Peking University School of Transnational Law Research Paper
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 30 Apr 2019 Last Revised: 02 Jan 2021
Danny Friedmann
Peking University School of Transnational Law
Downloads 75 (565,774)

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Deep Consumer Information, law and economics, disclosurite system, information asymmetry, nudge, ranking products, certifications, trademark, PDO, PGI, geographical indications, standards, source of origin, algorithmic ethics

24.

IP in China Closer to Common Law System for the Sake of Uniformity

12(8) Journal of Intellectual Property Law and Practice (OUP 2017) 621-622
Number of pages: 3 Posted: 19 Jun 2017 Last Revised: 24 Aug 2017
Danny Friedmann
Peking University School of Transnational Law
Downloads 72 (578,798)

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Supreme People's Court, China, Intellectual Property Law, Civil Law system, Common Law, Beijing IP Court, Shanghai IP Court, Guangzhou IP Court, Appellate IP Court, transparency, uniformity, precedential system, binding

25.

Adding Ethicality to the Menu of the Farm to Fork Strategy

Peking University School of Transnational Law Research Paper
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 23 Mar 2022
Danny Friedmann
Peking University School of Transnational Law
Downloads 71 (583,171)

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Animal rights, sustainability, global warming, health, farm to fork strategy, agriculture, circular agriculture, innovative food, vegan food, meat

26.

In Marks We Trust

Journal of Intellectual Property Law and Practice, Oxford University Press (2018, Forthcoming)
Number of pages: 5 Posted: 07 Feb 2018
Danny Friedmann
Peking University School of Transnational Law
Downloads 69 (592,222)

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trademark law, certification mark, collective mark, geographical indications

27.

Paper Tiger or Roaring Dragon, China's TRIPs Implementations and Enforcement

LLM Thesis, University of Amsterdam, 2007
Number of pages: 153 Posted: 06 Jun 2017 Last Revised: 07 Jun 2017
Danny Friedmann
Peking University School of Transnational Law
Downloads 52 (680,443)

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TRIPS compliance, China, Intellectual Property, local protectionism, lack of transparency, extra-judicial factors, WTO

28.

Algorithmic Dissuasion: De-ranking Possible Copyright Infringing Content into Relative Oblivion

Peking University School of Transnational Law Research Paper
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 12 Apr 2023
Danny Friedmann
Peking University School of Transnational Law
Downloads 44 (730,220)

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recommendation algorithms; automatic content recognition; exceptions and limitations; fair use; copyright infringement; China’s Recommendation Algorithm Regulation; Artificial Intelligence Act; intermediary liability; platform liability; dark data.

29.

Copyright as Affirmative Action for Human Authors Until the Singularity

GRUR International, Volume 73, Issue 1, January 2024, Pages 1–2, https://doi.org/10.1093/grurint/ikad133
Number of pages: 3 Posted: 15 Feb 2024
Danny Friedmann
Peking University School of Transnational Law
Downloads 39 (772,067)

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gAI, generative Artificial Intelligence, copyright, originality, creativity, blockchain, style, human flourishing, culture

30.

19 WIPO and TRIPs: In Pursuit of Mitigating the Time Lag in Law Reform Concerned with Technological Developments

Danny Friedmann (2024) 19 WIPO and TRIPs: In Pursuit of Mitigating the Time Lag in Law Reform Concerned with Technological Developments, in ASIF QUERESHI (ED) LAW REFORMS AROUND THE WORLD, PERSPECTIVES FROM NATIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL LAW (Routledge, New York 2024) 269-278., Peking University School of Transnational Law Research Paper
Number of pages: 8 Posted: 29 Nov 2023
Danny Friedmann
Peking University School of Transnational Law
Downloads 36 (786,870)

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WIPO, TRIPs Council, WTO, WHO, Law Reform, Intellectual Property, public health, COVID-19, technology

31.

Cornucopia of Comparative Case Law: Trade Mark Law in Asia

Journal of Intellectual Property Law & Practice, 9 December 2020
Number of pages: 6 Posted: 03 Mar 2021
Danny Friedmann
Peking University School of Transnational Law
Downloads 34 (802,154)

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Trademark Law, Asia

32.

Revitalizing TRIPs as Global Norm-Setter for Geographical Indications

in THE ELGAR COMPANION TO THE WORLD TRADE ORGANIZATION, Julien Chaisse and Cristián Rodríguez-Chiffelle, eds. (Edward Elgar, 2024) 377–39, Peking University School of Transnational Law Research Paper
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 12 Jan 2024
Danny Friedmann
Peking University School of Transnational Law
Downloads 25 (877,740)

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TRIPs; geographical indications; China; Russia; Geneva Act of the Lisbon Agreement

33.

An Introduction to Wine Regulation in a Globalized Market: Prospects and Limits of Wine Governance

in Julien Chaisse, Fernando Dias Simões and Danny Friedmann (eds.) Wine Law and Policy: From National Terroirs to a Global Market 1-31 (Brill, 2020), The Chinese University of Hong Kong Faculty of Law Research Paper No. 2020-39, Peking University School of Transnational Law Research Paper
Posted: 20 Jan 2021
Julien Chaisse, Fernando Dias Simões and Danny Friedmann
City University of Hong Kong (CityU) - Centre for Chinese & Comparative Law, Lusíada University of Porto and Peking University School of Transnational Law

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Other Papers (4)

Total Downloads: 131
1.

First Thoughts on Hong Kong's New Patent System; Second Thoughts on Its Further Medical Use Claims

11(12) Journal of Intellectual Property Law & Practice (Oxford University Press) 871-872
Number of pages: 2 Posted: 29 Apr 2017 Last Revised: 03 Jul 2023
Danny Friedmann
Peking University School of Transnational Law
Downloads 39

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Patent Law, intellectual property law, Hong Kong, Original Grant Patent, Short Term Patent, Swiss-type claim, SIPO, IP Department Hong Kong, Patent Ordinance, Second Medical Use, Further Medical Use, Medical Use

2.

Copyright Is No Danger to Freedom of Expression in Hong Kong

South China Morning Post, December 16, 2015, A15
Number of pages: 1 Posted: 21 Apr 2016 Last Revised: 17 May 2017
Danny Friedmann
Peking University School of Transnational Law
Downloads 39

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Copyright (Amendment) Bill 2014, Hong Kong, Copyright Ordinance

3.

The Second Coming of the Public Interest into Patent Law

12(8) Journal of Intellectual Property Law and Practice (OUP 2017) 712-713
Number of pages: 3 Posted: 01 May 2017 Last Revised: 24 Aug 2017
Danny Friedmann
Peking University School of Transnational Law
Downloads 33

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Access to Medicines, Indian Patent System, Pharmaceutical Law, Inventiveness, Industrial Application, Enhanced Efficacy Standard, Further Medical Use, Public Interest

4.

How Political Mistrust Killed Hong Kong's Copyright Bill

30 World Intellectual Property Report 4, Bloomberg BNA (April 2016) 1-2
Number of pages: 2 Posted: 21 Apr 2016 Last Revised: 17 May 2017
Danny Friedmann
Peking University School of Transnational Law
Downloads 20

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Copyright (Amendment) Bill 2014, Hong Kong, Copyright Ordinance