Rebel A. Cole

Florida Atlantic University

Lynn Eminent Scholar Chaired Professor of Finance

College of Business

777 Glades Road

Boca Raton, FL 33431

United States

http://rebelcole.com

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

72

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SSRN CITATIONS
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568

CROSSREF CITATIONS

777

Scholarly Papers (72)

1.

Agency Costs and Ownership Structure

Journal of Finance, Vol. 55, No. 1, February 2000
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 23 Apr 2007 Last Revised: 03 Nov 2008
James S. Ang, Rebel A. Cole and James W Lin
Florida State University, Florida Atlantic University and Montana State University - Bozeman - College of Business
Downloads 2,130 (10,772)
Citation 44

Abstract:

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agency costs, bank monitoring, ownership structure,

2.

Does FinTech Compete with or Complement Bank Finance?

Number of pages: 38 Posted: 03 Jan 2019 Last Revised: 05 Sep 2019
Rebel A. Cole, Douglas J. Cumming and Jon Taylor
Florida Atlantic University, Florida Atlantic University and Federal Reserve Banks - Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis
Downloads 1,609 (16,791)
Citation 8

Abstract:

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Banks, Bank Loans, Bank Failure, Crowdfunding, FinTech

3.

A CAMEL Rating's Shelf Life

Number of pages: 23 Posted: 03 Nov 2008
Rebel A. Cole and Jeffery Gunther
Florida Atlantic University and Federal Reserve Banks - Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas
Downloads 1,272 (23,873)
Citation 17

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Bank, Bank Failure, CAMEL, Commercial Bank, Offsite Supervision, Regulation

4.

Political Connections and Minority-Shareholder Protection: Evidence from Securities-Market Regulation in China

Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis (JFQA), Vol. 45, No. 6, pp.1391-1417, 2010, AFA 2009 San Francisco Meetings Paper
Number of pages: 46 Posted: 25 Mar 2008 Last Revised: 01 Mar 2011
Henk Berkman, Rebel A. Cole and Jiang Lawrence Fu
University of Auckland Business School, Florida Atlantic University and Standard Charter Bank
Downloads 1,234 (24,913)
Citation 11

Abstract:

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China, corporate governance, enforcement, expropriation, political connections, investor

5.

Déjà Vu All Over Again: The Causes of U.S. Commercial Bank Failures This Time Around

Journal of Financial Services Research 42, 5-29
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 19 Jul 2010 Last Revised: 14 Jan 2013
Florida Atlantic University and New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of EconomicsStern School of Business, New York University
Downloads 926 (37,675)
Citation 70

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Bank, Bank Failure, Commercial Real Estate, CAMELS, FDIC, Financial Crisis, Mortgage-Backed Security, Risk-Based Capital, Risk-Weighted Assets

Cookie-Cutter Versus Character: The Micro Structure of Small Business Lending by Large and Small Banks

Number of pages: 46 Posted: 23 Feb 2002
University of Miami - Department of Finance, Florida Atlantic University and New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of EconomicsStern School of Business, New York University
Downloads 653 (59,327)
Citation 38

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Small business lending, Banks, Relationship banking, and Size of bank

Cookie-Cutter Versus Character: The Micro Structure of Small-Business Lending by Large and Small Banks

Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis, Vol. 39, No. 2, June 2004
Number of pages: 43 Posted: 02 May 2004 Last Revised: 10 Apr 2010
Florida Atlantic University, University of Miami - Department of Finance and New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of EconomicsStern School of Business, New York University
Downloads 190 (231,650)
Citation 33

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Bank, bank size, credit availability, relationship lending, small business

Cookie-Cutter Versus Character: The Micro Structure of Small Business Lending by Large and Small Banks

NYU Working Paper No. FIN-98-022
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 07 Nov 2008
Florida Atlantic University, University of Miami - Department of Finance and New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of EconomicsStern School of Business, New York University
Downloads 59 (518,968)

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7.

Predicting bank failures using simple static and time-varying models

Number of pages: 44 Posted: 24 Aug 2009 Last Revised: 02 Apr 2021
Rebel A. Cole, Jon Taylor and Qiongbing Wu
Florida Atlantic University, Federal Reserve Banks - Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis and Western Sydney University
Downloads 893 (39,611)
Citation 7

Abstract:

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banking crisis, bank failure, bank supervision, CAMELS, failure prediction, financial crisis, hazard model, logit model, offsite monitoring probit model

8.

Improving Corporate Governance Where the State is the Controlling Block Holder: Evidence from China

European Journal of Finance, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 63 Posted: 06 Feb 2008 Last Revised: 28 May 2012
Henk Berkman, Rebel A. Cole and Jiang Lawrence Fu
University of Auckland Business School, Florida Atlantic University and Standard Charter Bank
Downloads 872 (40,963)
Citation 2

Abstract:

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block-holder identity, China, partial corporate control, partial privatization, privatization, State ownership, SOE

9.

What Do We Know About the Capital Structure of Privately Held Firms? Evidence from the Surveys of Small Business Finance

Financial Management 45 (Winter), 777-813.
Number of pages: 68 Posted: 26 Mar 2008 Last Revised: 02 Jan 2014
Rebel A. Cole
Florida Atlantic University
Downloads 841 (42,966)
Citation 15

Abstract:

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capital structure, pecking-order theory, privately held firm, small business, trade-off theory, SSBF

10.
Downloads 829 ( 43,767)
Citation 13

Bank Stock Returns and Economic Growth

Number of pages: 50 Posted: 20 Jul 2007
Rebel A. Cole, Fariborz Moshirian and Qiongbing Wu
Florida Atlantic University, Institute of Global Finance, UNSW Business School and Western Sydney University
Downloads 634 (61,673)
Citation 3

Abstract:

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Banks, Economic Growth, Emerging Markets, Financia

Bank Stock Returns and Economic Growth

Journal of Banking and Finance, Vol. 32, No. 6, 2008
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 09 May 2008 Last Revised: 05 Sep 2008
Rebel A. Cole, Fariborz Moshirian and Qiongbing Wu
Florida Atlantic University, Institute of Global Finance, UNSW Business School and Western Sydney University
Downloads 195 (226,343)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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banks, economic growth, emerging markets, financial development

11.

Agency Conflicts, Expropriation and Firm Value: Evidence from Securities-Market Regulation in China

Number of pages: 46 Posted: 18 Aug 2003 Last Revised: 02 Jan 2014
Henk Berkman, Rebel A. Cole and Jiang Lawrence Fu
University of Auckland Business School, Florida Atlantic University and Standard Charter Bank
Downloads 815 (44,806)
Citation 2

Abstract:

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agency costs, bright lines, China, convergence, corporate governance, enforcement, expropriation, independent director, investor protection, minority shareholder, regulation, tunneling

12.

Why are Net-Interest Margins Across Countries so Different?

Number of pages: 51 Posted: 25 Jan 2010 Last Revised: 06 Mar 2015
Lucerne University of Applied Sciences and Arts, Institut für Finanzdienstleistungen Zug (IFZ) and Florida Atlantic University
Downloads 758 (49,420)
Citation 3

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Commercial Bank, Corporate Governance, Creditors’ Rights, Developing Countries, Legal Origin, Net-Interest Margin, Market Development, Judicial Efficiency

13.

SME Credit Availability Around the World: Evidence from the World Bank's Enterprise Surveys

Midwest Finance Association 2013 Annual Meeting Paper
Number of pages: 43 Posted: 22 Apr 2012 Last Revised: 06 Dec 2019
Rebel A. Cole, Andreas Dietrich and Tracie Frost
Florida Atlantic University, Lucerne University of Applied Sciences and Arts and Hong Kong Polytechnic University
Downloads 757 (49,508)
Citation 6

Abstract:

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availability of credit, denied credit, discrimination, discouraged firm, entrepreneurship, small business, WBES

14.

What Do We Know About Executive Compensation at Privately Held Firms?

FRB of New York Staff Report No. 314
Number of pages: 72 Posted: 15 Mar 2007 Last Revised: 20 Feb 2013
Rebel A. Cole and Hamid Mehran
Florida Atlantic University and Independent
Downloads 718 (53,135)
Citation 2

Abstract:

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CEO, Compensation, Education, Executive, Executive Pay, Gender, Organizational Form, Ownership, SSBF, Taxes

15.

Who Needs Credit and Who Gets Credit? Evidence from the Surveys of Small Business Finances

Journal of Financial Stability 24, 40-60, June 2016
Number of pages: 57 Posted: 13 May 2008 Last Revised: 10 May 2016
Rebel A. Cole and Tatyana Sokolyk
Florida Atlantic University and Brock University - Department of Finance, Operations & Information Systems
Downloads 678 (57,201)
Citation 28

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availability of credit, capital structure, credit rationing, discouraged, discrimination, entrepreneurship, loan approval, loan denial, small business, SSBF

16.

Do Mergers Create or Destroy Value? Evidence from Unsuccessful Mergers

Number of pages: 25 Posted: 27 Aug 2007 Last Revised: 05 Feb 2014
Rebel A. Cole and Joseph D. Vu
Florida Atlantic University and DePaul University - Department of Finance
Downloads 660 (59,264)
Citation 4

Abstract:

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diversification, focus, merger, signaling, terminated merger

17.

How Do Firms Choose Legal Form of Organization?

31st Australasian Finance and Banking Conference 2018
Number of pages: 40 Posted: 26 Mar 2012 Last Revised: 30 Jul 2018
Rebel A. Cole and Tatyana Sokolyk
Florida Atlantic University and Brock University - Department of Finance, Operations & Information Systems
Downloads 638 (61,958)
Citation 11

Abstract:

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corporation, entrepreneurship, Kauffman Firm Survey, LLC, legal form of organization, organizational form, partnership, proprietorship, small business, start-up

Expropriation Through Loan Guarantees to Related Parties: Evidence from China

Number of pages: 34 Posted: 23 Apr 2007
Rebel A. Cole, Henk Berkman and Jiang Lawrence Fu
Florida Atlantic University, University of Auckland Business School and Standard Charter Bank
Downloads 398 (108,906)

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block holder, China, expropriation, minority shareholder, Tobin's Q, tunneling

Expropriation Through Loan Guarantees to Related Parties: Evidence from China

Journal of Banking and Finance, Vol. 33, No. 1, 2009
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 24 Nov 2008 Last Revised: 10 Apr 2010
Henk Berkman, Rebel A. Cole and Jiang Lawrence Fu
University of Auckland Business School, Florida Atlantic University and Standard Charter Bank
Downloads 214 (207,847)
Citation 6

Abstract:

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Block holder, China, connected party transaction, corporate governance, expropriation, related party transaction, Tobin's Q, tunneling

19.

Legal Origin, Creditor Protection and Bank Lending Around the World

31st Australasian Finance and Banking Conference 2018
Number of pages: 43 Posted: 02 Jul 2007 Last Revised: 30 Jul 2018
Rebel A. Cole and Rima Turk-Ariss
Florida Atlantic University and International Monetary Fund
Downloads 607 (65,987)
Citation 11

Abstract:

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banking, bank loans, bank risk-taking, creditor protection, creditors' rights, emerging markets, investor protection, judicial enforcement, law and finance, legal origin, legal rights

20.

Debt Financing, Survival, and Growth of Start-Up Firms

Journal of Corporate Finance, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 48 Posted: 09 Oct 2014 Last Revised: 26 Nov 2017
Rebel A. Cole and Tatyana Sokolyk
Florida Atlantic University and Brock University - Department of Finance, Operations & Information Systems
Downloads 576 (70,549)
Citation 13

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entrepreneurial finance, banks’ selection and monitoring, credit financing, financial intermediation, Kauffman, KFS, start-up, growth, survival

21.

FIMS: A New Financial Institutions Monitoring System for Banking Organizations

Federal Reserve Bulletin, Vol. 81, pp. 1-15, January 1995
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 26 Feb 2008 Last Revised: 18 Nov 2008
Rebel A. Cole, Jeffery Gunther and Barbara Cornyn
Florida Atlantic University, Federal Reserve Banks - Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas and affiliation not provided to SSRN
Downloads 560 (73,024)
Citation 7

Abstract:

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bank, bank failure, bank supervision, CAEL, CAMEL, early warning system, EWS, Federal Reserve, SEER, UBSS

22.

Predicting Bank Failures: A Comparison of On- and Off-Site Monitoring Systems

Journal of Financial Services Research, Vol. 13, No. 2, pp. 103-117, 1998
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 24 Apr 2007 Last Revised: 09 Nov 2008
Rebel A. Cole and Jeffery Gunther
Florida Atlantic University and Federal Reserve Banks - Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas
Downloads 545 (75,527)
Citation 9

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bank examination, bank failure, CAMEL rating, early warning system

23.

Gender and the Availability of Credit to Privately Held Firms: Evidence from the Surveys of Small Business Finances

FRB of New York Staff Report No. 383
Number of pages: 63 Posted: 06 Mar 2009 Last Revised: 22 Feb 2022
Rebel A. Cole, Hamid Mehran and Germana Giombini
Florida Atlantic University, Independent and University of Urbino
Downloads 471 (90,279)
Citation 17

Abstract:

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access to credit, denied borrower, discouraged borrower, discrimination, entrepreneurship, gender, SSBF

24.

The Role of Commercial Real Estate Investments in the Banking Crisis of 1985-92

Number of pages: 26 Posted: 02 Nov 2008
George W. Fenn and Rebel A. Cole
Cambridge Finance Partners and Florida Atlantic University
Downloads 406 (107,306)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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bank, bank failure, commercial bank, commercial real estate

25.

How Accurate are Commercial Real Estate Appraisals? Evidence from 25 Years of NCREIF Sales Data

Journalof Portfolio Management, Vol. 35, No. 5, 2011
Number of pages: 45 Posted: 27 Apr 2011 Last Revised: 11 Jan 2013
Susanne E. Cannon and Rebel A. Cole
DePaul University Department of Real Estate and Florida Atlantic University
Downloads 376 (117,067)
Citation 6

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appraisal, appraisal lag, commercial real estate, commingled real estate fund, real estate cycle, separate account, NCREIF, NPI

26.

Does Deposit Insurance Improve Financial Intermediation? Evidence from the Russian Experiment

Journal of Banking and Finance, Vol. 35, No. 2, pp. 388-402, 2010
Number of pages: 48 Posted: 16 Jan 2009 Last Revised: 01 Mar 2011
Lucy Chernykh and Rebel A. Cole
Clemson University and Florida Atlantic University
Downloads 371 (118,897)
Citation 10

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Bank, Deposit Insurance, Financial Intermediation, Moral Hazard, Russia, State-Owned Bank

27.

Deregulation Gone Awry: Moral Hazard in the Savings and Loan Industry

Number of pages: 51 Posted: 03 Nov 2008
Florida Atlantic University, Government of the United States of America - Federal Housing Finance Board (FHFB) and New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of EconomicsStern School of Business, New York University
Downloads 360 (122,960)
Citation 3

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deregulation, failure, moral hazard, S&L, thrift

28.

How Did the Financial Crisis Affect Small Business Lending in the U.S.?

Journal of Financial Research
Number of pages: 109 Posted: 31 Jul 2011 Last Revised: 23 Jul 2020
Rebel A. Cole and Jason Damm
Florida Atlantic University and University of Miami
Downloads 353 (125,628)
Citation 16

Abstract:

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availability of credit, bank bailout, bank credit, bank lending, bank regulation, business subsidies, capital purchase program, credit crunch, entrepreneurship, financial crisis, small business, TARP

29.

The Importance of Relationships to the Availability of Credit

Journal of Banking and Finance, Vol. 22, 1998
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 23 Apr 2007 Last Revised: 09 Nov 2008
Rebel A. Cole
Florida Atlantic University
Downloads 342 (130,089)
Citation 117

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asymmetric information, credit availability, relationship lending, small business

30.

Entrepreneurial Optimism, Credit Availability, and Cost of Financing: Evidence from U.S. Small Businesses

Journal of Corporate Finance, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 54 Posted: 25 Jul 2009 Last Revised: 10 Apr 2017
Na Dai, Vladimir I. Ivanov and Rebel A. Cole
SUNY at Albany - School of Business, US Securities & Exchange Commission and Florida Atlantic University
Downloads 297 (150,918)
Citation 6

Abstract:

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Optimism, Small Business Financing, Credit Availability, Capital Structure

31.

How Do Firms Choose Legal Form of Organization?

Number of pages: 40 Posted: 25 Sep 2010 Last Revised: 26 Jul 2018
Rebel A. Cole and Tatyana Sokolyk
Florida Atlantic University and Brock University - Department of Finance, Operations & Information Systems
Downloads 296 (151,954)
Citation 10

Abstract:

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corporation, entrepreneurship, Kauffman Firm Survey, LFO, LLC, legal form of organization, organizational form, partnership, proprietorship, small business

32.

The Role of Owner in Capital Structure Decisions: An Analysis of Single-Owner Corporations

Journal of Entrepreneurial Finance 14, 1-36
Number of pages: 49 Posted: 09 Sep 2010 Last Revised: 13 Jan 2013
James S. Ang, Rebel A. Cole and Dan Lawson
Florida State University, Florida Atlantic University and Gonzaga University
Downloads 284 (157,894)
Citation 3

Abstract:

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capital structure, small business, personal risk characteristics, SSBF

33.

How Should We Measure Bank Capital Adequacy for Triggering Prompt Corrective Action? A (Simple) Proposal

Journal of Financial Stability 20 (2015) 131-143
Number of pages: 47 Posted: 29 Apr 2014 Last Revised: 11 Nov 2015
Lucy Chernykh and Rebel A. Cole
Clemson University and Florida Atlantic University
Downloads 276 (162,637)
Citation 1

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bank, bank failure, banking supervision, Basel, capital adequacy, forbearance, leverage ratio, PCA, prompt corrective action, Tier 1

34.

From State to State: Improving Corporate Governance Where the Government is the Controlling Block Holder

Number of pages: 40 Posted: 21 Aug 2007
Rebel A. Cole, Henk Berkman and Jiang Lawrence Fu
Florida Atlantic University, University of Auckland Business School and Standard Charter Bank
Downloads 273 (164,502)

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annual meeting, block holder, board of directors, cash-flow rights, control rights, corporate governance, incentive compensation, politics and finance, privatization, State ownership, State-owned enterprise, ultimate shareholder

35.
Downloads 231 (193,733)
Citation 5

Do Banks or VCs Spur Small Firm Growth?

Number of pages: 36 Posted: 01 Nov 2014
Rebel A. Cole, Douglas J. Cumming and Dan Li
Florida Atlantic University, Florida Atlantic University and Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shenzhen
Downloads 116 (345,159)

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Banks, Venture Capital, Growth, Entrepreneurship

Do Banks or VCs Spur Small Firm Growth?

Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money 41, 60-72, March 2016
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 31 Oct 2015 Last Revised: 02 Sep 2016
Rebel A. Cole, Douglas J. Cumming and Dan Li
Florida Atlantic University, Florida Atlantic University and Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shenzhen
Downloads 115 (347,367)

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Banks, Venture Capital, Growth, Entrepreneurship

36.

Executive Compensation and Corporate Performance: Evidence from Thrift Institutions

Rebuilding Banking: Proceedings of the 27th Annual Conference on Bank Structure and Performance, pp. 227-247, 1991
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 26 Nov 2008
Rebel A. Cole and Hamid Mehran
Florida Atlantic University and Independent
Downloads 228 (196,167)
Citation 2

Abstract:

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agency costs, CEO pay, compensation, deposit insurance, executive compensation, thrift

37.

The Housing-Asset Relief Program: A Plan for Stabilizing the Housing and Securities Markets

Number of pages: 8 Posted: 06 Feb 2009 Last Revised: 27 Apr 2009
Rebel A. Cole
Florida Atlantic University
Downloads 227 (197,003)

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ABS, banks, CDO, delinquent mortgage, foreclosure, financial crisis, housing, housing crisis, mortgage crisis, MBS, refinancing, subprime, subprime crisis, TARP

38.

Changes in REIT Liquidity 1988-2007: Evidence from Daily Data

Journal of Real Estate Finance and Economics 43, 258 - 280
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 13 Nov 2008 Last Revised: 13 Jan 2013
Susanne E. Cannon and Rebel A. Cole
DePaul University Department of Real Estate and Florida Atlantic University
Downloads 212 (209,981)
Citation 1

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Bid-Ask Spread, Depth, Liquidity, Price Impact, REIT

39.

Availability of Credit to Small and Minority-Owned Businesses: Evidence from the 1993 National Survey of Small Business Finances

Number of pages: 37 Posted: 27 Aug 2007 Last Revised: 28 Apr 2009
Rebel A. Cole
Florida Atlantic University
Downloads 203 (218,578)
Citation 7

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credit availability, discrimination, race, small business, SSBF

40.

The Effect of Changes in Ownership Structure on Performance: Evidence from the Thrift Industry

Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System Finance and Economics Discussion Series, FEDS Paper No. 96-6
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 03 Jul 1998 Last Revised: 18 Nov 2008
Rebel A. Cole and Hamid Mehran
Florida Atlantic University and Independent
Downloads 191 (230,756)
Citation 33

Abstract:

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anti-takeover provisions, corporate control, ownership structure, regulation, savings & loan, S&L, thrift

41.

Banking Consolidation and the Availability of Credit to Small Businesses

Number of pages: 24 Posted: 15 Aug 2007
Rebel A. Cole and Nicholas Walraven
Florida Atlantic University and Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System
Downloads 189 (232,808)
Citation 8

Abstract:

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acquisition, bank, credit, merger, relationship, small business, takeover

42.

U.S. Exchange Upgrades: Reducing Uncertainty Through a Two-Stage IPO

Journal of Financial Intermediation, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 14 Jul 2016 Last Revised: 07 Aug 2018
Florida Atlantic University, University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee - Department of Finance and US Securities & Exchange Commission
Downloads 188 (233,873)
Citation 4

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Initial Public Offering, Two-stage IPO, Pre-IPO market, Exchange upgrade, Underpricing, Information asymmetry, Stock volatility, Difference-in-difference test

43.

What Do We Know About Executive Compensation at Small Privately Held Firms?

Small Business Economics 46, 215-237, February 2016
Number of pages: 58 Posted: 05 Nov 2015 Last Revised: 02 Sep 2016
Rebel A. Cole and Hamid Mehran
Florida Atlantic University and Independent
Downloads 162 (265,611)
Citation 2

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CEO; Compensation; Executive Pay; Organizational Form; SSBF

44.

When Time Is Not on Our Side: The Costs of Regulatory Forbearance in the Closure of Insolvent Banks

Journal of Banking and Finance, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 50 Posted: 27 Nov 2015 Last Revised: 17 Mar 2017
Florida Atlantic University and New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of EconomicsStern School of Business, New York University
Downloads 151 (281,310)
Citation 6

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bank, bank failure, CAMELS, commercial real estate, failure cost, FDIC, financial crisis, forbearance, insolvent

The Role of Principal-Agent Conflicts in the 1980s Thrift Crisis

FEDS Paper No. 95-27
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 12 Sep 1995 Last Revised: 19 Nov 2008
Rebel A. Cole and Robert Eisenbeis
Florida Atlantic University and Independent
Downloads 94 (398,349)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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agency, agency cost, failure, moral hazard, principal-agent, saving & loan, S&L, thrift

The Role of Principal-Agent Conflicts in the 1980s Thrift Crisis

Real Estate Economics, Vol. 24, No. 2, pp. 195-218, 1996
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 14 Jun 1996 Last Revised: 18 Nov 2008
Rebel A. Cole and Robert Eisenbeis
Florida Atlantic University and Independent
Downloads 57 (527,728)

Abstract:

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agency, agency cost, failure, moral hazard, principal-agent, saving & loan, S&L, thrift

46.

Does Size Matter? The Effects of Bid-Ask Spreads and Market Capitalization on Reit Returns

Number of pages: 15 Posted: 13 Feb 2010
Rebel A. Cole
Florida Atlantic University
Downloads 146 (289,056)

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Bid-Ask Spread, Liquidity, Percentage Spread, REIT

47.

Credit Scores and Credit Market Outcomes: Evidence from the SSBF and KFS

U.S. Small Business Administration Research Paper No. 419
Number of pages: 72 Posted: 02 Jan 2014 Last Revised: 22 Aug 2018
Rebel A. Cole
Florida Atlantic University
Downloads 142 (295,494)
Citation 1

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availability of credit, credit scoring, discrimination, disparate outcomes, entrepreneurship, small business, SBCS, SSBF

48.

Announcements of Asset-Quality Problems and Contagion Effects in the Life Insurance Industry

Journal of Financial Economics, Vol. 35, No. 2, 1994
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 23 Apr 2007 Last Revised: 09 Nov 2008
Rebel A. Cole and George W. Fenn
Florida Atlantic University and Cambridge Finance Partners
Downloads 137 (303,896)
Citation 28

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contagion, disintermediation, life insurance, writedowns

49.

Is There a Market for Partial Corporate Control? Evidence from REITs

Number of pages: 29 Posted: 16 Oct 2007
DePaul University Department of Real Estate, Florida Atlantic University and DePaul University - Department of Finance
Downloads 130 (316,221)
Citation 1

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anti-takeover provision, corporate control, hostile takeover, partial corporate control, REIT

50.

Predicting Bank Failures: Comparing and Extending Existing Models

Number of pages: 30 Posted: 30 Jan 2019 Last Revised: 24 May 2019
Rebel A. Cole and Jon Taylor
Florida Atlantic University and Federal Reserve Banks - Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis
Downloads 120 (335,225)

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bank, bank failure, CAMELS, FDIC, McNemar’s Test, early warning system

51.

What Happens to Problem Banks? Evidence from the 1980s and Guidance for the 2010s

Number of pages: 41 Posted: 16 Jan 2011 Last Revised: 16 Jun 2011
Rebel A. Cole and Timothy J. Curry
Florida Atlantic University and U.S. Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) - Division of Research and Statistics
Downloads 117 (341,343)

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bank, problem bank, bank failure, CAMELS, FDIC, financial crisis,

52.

Asymmetric-Information and Principal-Agent Problems as Sources of Value in Fslic-Assisted Acquisitions of Insolvent Thrifts

Journal of Financial Services Research, Vol. 8, No. 1, 1994
Number of pages: 40 Posted: 18 Nov 2008
Rebel A. Cole, Robert Eisenbeis and Joseph McKenzie
Florida Atlantic University, Independent and Government of the United States of America - Federal Housing Finance Board (FHFB)
Downloads 113 (349,779)

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asymmetric information, deposit insurance, failure, FHLBB, FIRREA, FSLIC, insolvency, merger, OTS, principal-agent, RTC, S&L, thrift

53.

An Assessment of Financial Sector Development in Bhutan

ADB South Asia Working Paper Series No. 44, August 2016
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 28 Mar 2017
Rebel A. Cole and Sarah Carrington
Florida Atlantic University and Independent
Downloads 110 (356,308)

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finance, financial sector, financial sector development, Bhutan

54.

How Did Bank Lending to Small Business in the United States Fare After the Financial Crisis?

Number of pages: 77 Posted: 29 Nov 2017 Last Revised: 14 Aug 2019
Rebel A. Cole
Florida Atlantic University
Downloads 104 (370,080)

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availability of credit, bank credit, bank lending, business lending, business subsidies, credit crunch, entrepreneurship, financial crisis, small business, small business lending, troubled bank

55.

It’s not (only) personal, it’s business: Personal bankruptcy exemptions and local small business credit

Number of pages: 42 Posted: 06 Oct 2018 Last Revised: 06 Oct 2022
University of Miami, Florida Atlantic University, University of South Carolina - Department of Finance and University of Houston
Downloads 103 (372,492)

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Bank lending; Bankruptcy exemption laws; Debtor protection; Credit availability; Small-business lending

56.

Organizational Form, Taxes, Ownership, and CEO Compensation: Evidence from Small Businesses

Number of pages: 30 Posted: 10 Apr 2010
Rebel A. Cole and Hamid Mehran
Florida Atlantic University and Independent
Downloads 101 (377,389)
Citation 1

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business taxes, CEO pay, corporation, executive compensation, organizational form, ownership, personal taxes, privately held, SSBF

57.

A Note on Changes in REIT Liquidity: The Role of 'New REITs'

Number of pages: 12 Posted: 14 Sep 2008
Rebel A. Cole
Florida Atlantic University
Downloads 93 (397,768)
Citation 3

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bid-ask spread, liquidity, market microstructure, ownership structure, REIT

58.

Real Estate Value Impacts from Fracking: Industry Response and Proper Analytical Techniques

Real Estate Issues 39(3), 2014, 6-20
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 11 Nov 2015
Richard Roddewig and Rebel A. Cole
Clarion Associates, Inc and Florida Atlantic University
Downloads 92 (400,490)

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]appraisal, fracking, hedonic regression, horizontal fracturing, housing prices

59.

Commercial Banks and Real Estate Lending: The Texas Experience

Journal of Regulatory Economics, 1996
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 14 Apr 1998 Last Revised: 03 Nov 2008
Rebel A. Cole, Robert Eisenbeis and Paul M. Horvitz
Florida Atlantic University, Independent and University of Houston - C.T. Bauer College of Business
Downloads 90 (406,026)

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60.

The Effects of Changes in Ownership Structure on Performance: Evidence from the Thrift Industry

Journal of Financial Economics, Vol. 50, 1998
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 23 Apr 2007 Last Revised: 10 Apr 2010
Rebel A. Cole and Hamid Mehran
Florida Atlantic University and Independent
Downloads 89 (408,832)

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corporate control, regulation, ownership structure, anti-takeover provisions

61.

Financing Patterns and Performance Outcomes of Women- versus Men-Owned Young Entrepreneurial Firms

Number of pages: 55 Posted: 19 Oct 2017 Last Revised: 14 Aug 2019
Rebel A. Cole and Tatyana Sokolyk
Florida Atlantic University and Brock University - Department of Finance, Operations & Information Systems
Downloads 76 (448,535)

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women-owned firms, start-ups, Kauffman Firm Surveys, KFS, financial crisis, availability of credit, capital structure, entrepreneurship, survival

62.

Why Do Bank Holding Companies Purchase Bank-Owned Life Insurance?

Review of Quantitative Finance and Accounting https://doi.org/10.1007/s11156-020-00938-1
Number of pages: 48 Posted: 09 Jul 2016 Last Revised: 28 Mar 2021
Rebel A. Cole, Travis Davidson and Hongxia Wang
Florida Atlantic University, Ohio University - Department of Finance and Coastal Carolina University
Downloads 75 (451,890)

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Corporate governance, executive compensation, bank-owned life insurance (BOLI), bank holding company (BHC), BHC performance

63.

Debt Financing of Small OTC Firms Reporting to the SEC

Number of pages: 59 Posted: 14 Oct 2020 Last Revised: 28 Mar 2021
Rebel A. Cole, Claire Y.C. Liang and Rengong Zhang
Florida Atlantic University, Georgetown University and City University of Hong Kong (CityU)
Downloads 60 (507,156)
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Small firm finance; Entrepreneurial finance; Over-the-counter (OTC) firms; Debt finance; Financial growth cycle

64.

When are Thrifts Closed? An Agency-Theoretic Model

Journal of Financial Services Research, Vol. 7, No. 4, 1993
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 18 Nov 2008
Rebel A. Cole
Florida Atlantic University
Downloads 53 (536,899)
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closure, deposit insurance, FHLBB, FSLIC, insolvency, OTS, principal-agent, savings & loan, S&L, thrift

65.

Thrift Asset-Class Returns and the Efficient Diversification of Thrift Institution Portfolios

Journal of the American Real Estate and Urban Economics Association, Vol. 22 No. 1, Winter 1994
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 18 Jul 2001 Last Revised: 18 Nov 2008
Rebel A. Cole and Joseph McKenzie
Florida Atlantic University and Government of the United States of America - Federal Housing Finance Board (FHFB)
Downloads 52 (541,301)

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66.

Do Banks Lend Where They Borrow? Local Small-Business Lending in the U.S.

Number of pages: 66 Posted: 18 May 2020 Last Revised: 01 Sep 2022
Rebel A. Cole and Jason Damm
Florida Atlantic University and University of Miami
Downloads 42 (590,497)

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access to credit, bank lending, entrepreneurship, financial crisis, out-of-market lending, small business, stress tests

67.

Changes in Reit Liquidity 1990-94: Evidence from Intra-Day Transactions

Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System Finance and Economics Discussion Series FEDS Paper No. 96-22
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 26 Apr 1998 Last Revised: 18 Mar 2009
Rebel A. Cole, Vijay Bhasin and Joseph K. Kiely
Florida Atlantic University, Countrywide Financial Corporation and East Carolina University
Downloads 42 (590,497)
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68.

Corporate Failures: Declines, Collapses, and Scandals

Journal of Corporate Finance, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 29
Rebel A. Cole, Sofia Johan and Denis Schweizer
Florida Atlantic University, Florida Atlantic University - Finance and Concordia University
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Law and Finance, Financial Market Misconduct, Fraud, Regulation, Trust

69.

Toward an Assessment of the Reliability of Commercial Appraisals

Appraisal Journal, pp. 422-432, July 1986
Posted: 20 Mar 2008
Rebel A. Cole
Florida Atlantic University

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appraisal, commercial real estate, pension funds

70.

Recoveries on Distressed Real Estate and the Relative Efficiency of Public Versus Private Management

AREUEA Journal, Vol. 18, No. 4, pp. 495-515, 1991
Posted: 26 Feb 2008 Last Revised: 21 Mar 2008
Rebel A. Cole and Timothy J. Curry
Florida Atlantic University and U.S. Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) - Division of Research and Statistics

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Asset Disposition, Commercial Real Estate, Distressed Real Estate, Deposit Insurance, FADA, FSLIC, S&L

71.

A Different Look at Commercial Real Estate Returns

AREUEA, Vol. 18, No. 4, pp. 403-430, 1990
Posted: 26 Feb 2008 Last Revised: 12 Oct 2010
Rebel A. Cole
Florida Atlantic University

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commercial real estate, efficiency, hedonic, transaction index

72.

Financial Services Used by Small Businesses: Evidence from the 1993 National Survey of Small Business Finances

Federal Reserve Bulletin, pp. 629-667, July 1995
Posted: 26 Feb 2008
Rebel A. Cole and John D. Wolken
Florida Atlantic University and Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System

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banking, entrepreneurship, small business, ,SSBF

Other Papers (11)

Total Downloads: 1,476
1.

Bank Credit, Trade Credit or No Credit: Evidence from the Surveys of Small Business Finances

Number of pages: 49 Posted: 23 Jan 2010 Last Revised: 25 Aug 2018
Rebel A. Cole
Florida Atlantic University
Downloads 699 (73,837)

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availability of credit, bank credit, capital structure, entrepreneurship, relationships, small business, SSBF, trade credit

2.

The Direct Cost of Advice in M&A Transactions in the Financial Sector

Number of pages: 20 Posted: 20 Aug 2009 Last Revised: 25 Aug 2018
Rebel A. Cole, Kenneth R. Ferris and Arie Melnik
Florida Atlantic University, Arizona State University - School of Global Management and Leadership and University of Haifa - Department of Economics
Downloads 515 (54,756)

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advice, cost of advice, M&A, merger

3.

Entrepreneurial Overconfidence and SME Financing Decisions

Number of pages: 56 Posted: 10 Apr 2021 Last Revised: 29 Sep 2022
Rebel A. Cole, Marc Cowling and Wexi Liu
Florida Atlantic University, Oxford Brookes University and University of Bath - School of Management
Downloads 91

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Access to Credit, Credit Rationing, Entrepreneurship, Overconfidence, SME Finance

4.

The Role of Financial Reporting Quality in Worldwide Access to Credit

Number of pages: 56 Posted: 13 Dec 2018
Rebel A. Cole and Tracie Frost
Florida Atlantic University and Hong Kong Polytechnic University
Downloads 56

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financial reporting quality, audit, credit lending, emerging markets, financing constraints, entrepreneurship, SME, WBES

5.

Macroeconomic Shocks and Bank Failure

27th Australasian Finance and Banking Conference 2014 Paper
Number of pages: 40 Posted: 22 Aug 2014 Last Revised: 06 Apr 2020
Rebel A. Cole and Qiongbing Wu
Florida Atlantic University and Western Sydney University
Downloads 31

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bank failure, failure prediction, hazard model, macroeconomic shocks

6.

Groundwater Contamination and Housing Prices: Evidence from a Jacksonville, MD Site

Number of pages: 22 Posted: 13 Aug 2019
Rebel A. Cole, Richard Roddewig and Charlie Brigden
Florida Atlantic University, Clarion Associates, Inc and Jones Lang LaSalle
Downloads 30

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groundwater contamination, hedonic regression, pollution, property values

7.

Explaining Multi-Family Property Foreclosures

Number of pages: 21 Posted: 19 Jul 2010 Last Revised: 03 Jan 2014
Susanne E. Cannon and Rebel A. Cole
DePaul University Department of Real Estate and Florida Atlantic University
Downloads 25

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Cook County, commercial real estate, financial crisis, foreclosure, multi-family

8.

The Effect of Collateral on Small Business Rationing of Term Loans and Lines of Credit

Number of pages: 37 Posted: 15 Oct 2022
Rebel A. Cole, Marc Cowling and Weixi Liu
Florida Atlantic University, Oxford Brookes University and University of Bath - School of Management
Downloads 9

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Collateral; SME lending; Lines of credit; Term Loans; Credit rationing

9.

Bank Lending to Rural vs. Urban Firms in the U.S. Before, During, and After the Great Financial Crisis

Number of pages: 70 Posted: 03 Oct 2018
Rebel A. Cole
Florida Atlantic University
Downloads 9

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availability of credit, bank credit, bank lending, credit crunch, discrimination, disparate impact, entrepreneurship, financial crisis, rural, small business, urban

10.

Commercial Property Sales in Hot and Cold Markets: Evidence from Four Decades of NCREIF Sales Data

Number of pages: 34 Posted: 18 Mar 2015 Last Revised: 14 Jun 2017
Rebel A. Cole and Susanne E. Cannon
Florida Atlantic University and DePaul University Department of Real Estate
Downloads 6

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commercial real estate, closed-end fund, commingled fund, imputation, liquidity, NCREIF, NPI, open-end fund, real estate cycle, separate account

11.

The Impact of the Deepwater Horizon Gulf Oil Spill on Gulf Coast Real Estate Markets

Number of pages: 21 Posted: 15 Aug 2019
Rebel A. Cole, Richard Roddewig and Charlie Brigden
Florida Atlantic University, Clarion Associates, Inc and Jones Lang LaSalle
Downloads 5

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Deepwater Horizon oil spill, hedonic regression, time series analysis, matched pairs analysis, property value, environmental contamination stigma, environmental disaster