S. Sean Tu

West Virginia University College of Law

Professor of Law

101 Law School Drive

Morgantown, WV West Virginia 26506

United States

http://https://www.law.wvu.edu/faculty-staff/faculty/s-sean-tu

Program On Regulation, Therapeutics, And Law (PORTAL), Brigham and Women's Hospital

Visiting Professor

1620 Tremont St.

Suite 3012

Boston, MA 02120

United States

http://https://www.portalresearch.org/sean-tu.html

Georgetown University - The O'Neill Institute for National and Global Health Law

Scholar

600 New Jersey Avenue, NW

Washington, DC 20001

United States

http://https://oneill.law.georgetown.edu/experts/s-sean-tu/

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

30

DOWNLOADS
Rank 11,946

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 11,946

in Total Papers Downloads

6,227

SSRN CITATIONS

4

CROSSREF CITATIONS

5

Scholarly Papers (30)

1.

Patent Law: An Open-Source Casebook (Entire Book)

Patent Law: An Open-Source Casebook (Fall 2021)
Number of pages: 961 Posted: 06 May 2021 Last Revised: 01 Feb 2022
Indiana University Maurer School of Law, University of San Diego School of Law, University of Texas - McCombs School of Business, University of Minnesota Law School, University of Richmond - School of Law, George Washington University - Law School, UC Hastings Law, University of Iowa - College of Law, Southern Methodist University - Dedman School of Law and West Virginia University College of Law
Downloads 1,751 (14,798)

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patent law, patents, patent system, casebook, open source, history of patent law, economics of patent law, patent document and its claims, subject matter eligibility, utility, disclosure, anticipation, obviousness, infringement, defenses, remedies

2.

Luck/Unluck of the Draw: An Empirical Study of Examiner Allowance Rates

2012 Stan. Tech. L. Rev. 10
Number of pages: 45 Posted: 06 Oct 2011 Last Revised: 19 Jun 2020
S. Sean Tu
West Virginia University College of Law
Downloads 1,238 (24,798)
Citation 5

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patent, patents, patent law, patent reform, intellectual property, examiner, patent examination, USPTO

3.

Three New Metrics for Patent Examiner Activity: Office Actions per Grant Ratio (OGR), Office Actions per Disposal Ratio (ODR), and Grant to Examiner Ratio (GER)

WVU College of Law Research Paper No. 2019-003, 100 Journal of the Patent and Trademark Office Society 277 (2018)
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 22 Jan 2018 Last Revised: 14 Jun 2021
S. Sean Tu
West Virginia University College of Law
Downloads 403 (108,317)

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Intellectual property, patent, patent law, patent examiner, patent statistics, patent prosecution, United States Patent and Trademark Office, USPTO, PTO, patentability, examination

4.

What Litigators Can Teach the Patent Office About Pharmaceutical Patents

WVU College of Law Research Paper No. 2021-015, Washington Law Review, Vol. 99, No. 1673, 2022
Number of pages: 59 Posted: 11 Aug 2021 Last Revised: 05 Aug 2022
S. Sean Tu and Mark A. Lemley
West Virginia University College of Law and Stanford Law School
Downloads 306 (146,346)

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5.

Patent Examination and Litigation Outcomes

Stanford Technology Law Review, Vol. 17, p. 507, 2014, WVU Law Research Paper No. 2014-3
Number of pages: 43 Posted: 25 Jun 2014 Last Revised: 17 Jan 2019
S. Sean Tu
West Virginia University College of Law
Downloads 306 (146,346)
Citation 1

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patent, patents, patent law, patent reform, intellectual property, examiner, patent examination, USPTO

6.

Limits of Using Artificial Intelligence and GPT-3 in Patent Prosecution

54 Texas Tech Law Review 255 (2022), WVU College of Law Research Paper No. 2021-014
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 09 Aug 2021 Last Revised: 21 Sep 2022
S. Sean Tu, Amy Cyphert and Sam Perl
West Virginia University College of Law, West Virginia University - College of Law and Carnegie Mellon University
Downloads 223 (205,643)
Citation 1

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patent, artificial intelligence, GPT-3, patent prosecution, utility, enablement

7.

Patent Examination and Examiner Interviews

WVU College of Law Research Paper No. 2021-001, Florida State Law Review Online (September 2021)
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 10 Nov 2020 Last Revised: 21 Sep 2021
S. Sean Tu
West Virginia University College of Law
Downloads 217 (207,477)

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patents, patent examiner, patent examination, prior art, examiner interview, patent prosecution, PTO

8.

Patenting Fast and Slow: Examiner and Applicant Use of Prior Art

Cardozo Arts & Entertainment Law Journal, Volume 38(2): 391-434 (2020), WVU College of Law Research Paper 2020-004
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 02 Mar 2020 Last Revised: 15 Oct 2020
S. Sean Tu
West Virginia University College of Law
Downloads 190 (231,931)

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patents, patent examiner, patent prosecution, prior art, prior art rejections, patent quality, applicant response, applicant behavior, PTO

9.

Response to ‘Pervasive Sequence Patents Cover the Entire Human Genome’

Genome Medicine, Vol. 6, No. 14, 2014, George Mason Law & Economics Research Paper No. 14-07, San Diego Legal Studies Paper No. 14-148, Loyola-LA Legal Studies Paper No. 2014-19, Georgia State University College of Law, Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2014-16
Number of pages: 4 Posted: 01 Mar 2014 Last Revised: 14 May 2014
West Virginia University College of Law, University of Missouri - Kansas City School of Law, George Mason University - Antonin Scalia Law School, Faculty, University of San Diego School of Law, Villanova University Charles Widger School of Law, University of Utah - S.J. Quinney College of Law, Georgia State University College of Law, University of Baltimore - School of Law and Loyola Law School Los Angeles
Downloads 187 (235,123)
Citation 1

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gene patents, human genome, Myriad Genetics, patent claims, patent scope

10.

Free Speech in the Balance: Judicial Sanctions and Frivolous SLAPP Suits

Loyola Los Angeles Law Review, Volume 54(2): 623-674 (2021), WVU College of Law Research Paper No. 2020-003
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 14 Feb 2020 Last Revised: 28 May 2021
S. Sean Tu and Nicholas Stump
West Virginia University College of Law and West Virginia University - College of Law
Downloads 160 (268,569)

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free speech, defamation, attorney sanctions, judicial sanctions, Rule 11, SLAPP, Anti-SLAPP, Robert Murray, John Oliver, Media, Journalism, Free speech, first amendment, frivolous

11.

Use of Artificial Intelligence to Determine Copyright Liability for Musical Works

WVU College of Law Research Paper, No. 2020-012, 123 West Virginia Law Review 835 (2021)
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 01 Oct 2020 Last Revised: 25 Jun 2021
S. Sean Tu
West Virginia University College of Law
Downloads 159 (271,326)

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artificial intelligence, copyright, copyright liability, machine learning, substantial similarity, music

12.

Patenting Fast and Slow: Examiner Rejections and Applicant Traversals to Non-Prior Art Rejections

WVU College of Law Research Paper No. 2020-005, 2021 Michigan State Law Review 411 (2021)
Number of pages: 57 Posted: 02 Mar 2020 Last Revised: 28 Sep 2022
S. Sean Tu
West Virginia University College of Law
Downloads 147 (287,671)

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patents, patent examiner, patent prosecution, prior art, prior art rejections, patent quality, applicant response, applicant behavior, PTO, empirical

13.

Technology Changes Drive Legal Changes for Antibody Patents: What Patent Examiners Can Teach Courts About the Written Description and Enablement Requirements

Berkeley Technology Law Journal, Forthcoming, WVU College of Law Research Paper No. 2022-005
Number of pages: 48 Posted: 10 Feb 2022 Last Revised: 06 Apr 2022
S. Sean Tu and Christopher M. Holman
West Virginia University College of Law and University of Missouri - Kansas City School of Law
Downloads 136 (305,848)

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patent, antibody, USPTO, PTO, written description, enablement, patent examiner, prosecution, litigation

14.

Overqualified and Underrepresented: Gender Inequality in Pharmaceutical Patent Law

Brigham Young University Law Review, Vol. 48, forthcoming, Temple University Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2021-44, WVU College of Law Research Paper No. 2022-001
Number of pages: 62 Posted: 11 Nov 2021 Last Revised: 13 Jul 2022
S. Sean Tu, Paul R. Gugliuzza and Amy Semet
West Virginia University College of Law, Temple University - James E. Beasley School of Law and SUNY, University of Buffalo
Downloads 104 (370,348)

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gender, patent, patent litigation, pharmaceutical, diversity, inequality, patent prosecution, PTO

15.

Antibody Claims and the Evolution of the Written Description / Enablement Requirement

IDEA: The IP Law Review, 2023
Number of pages: 54 Posted: 07 Dec 2022
S. Sean Tu and Christopher M. Holman
West Virginia University College of Law and University of Missouri - Kansas City School of Law
Downloads 103 (953,220)

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antibody, patent, USPTO, patent examination, examiner, prosecution, written description, enablement, 35 USC 112(a)

16.

Pharmaceutical Patent Two-Step: The Adverse Advent of Amarin v. Hikma Type Litigation

NYU Journal of Intellectual Property & Entertainment Law, 12 (Forthcoming), WVU College of Law Research Paper No. 2022-017
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 06 Sep 2022 Last Revised: 21 Nov 2022
S. Sean Tu
West Virginia University College of Law
Downloads 85 (420,905)

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patent, patent litigation, generic, drug, drugs, brand, manufacturer, pharmaceutical, skinny label, health

17.

Effectiveness of Examiner Interviews

14 Landslide 24 (2022), WVU College of Law Research Paper No. 2022-006
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 25 Feb 2022 Last Revised: 06 Apr 2022
S. Sean Tu
West Virginia University College of Law
Downloads 85 (420,905)

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patent, examiner interview, interview, PTO, prosecution, patent prosecution, patent examiner

18.

Invalidated Patents and Associated Patent Examiners

Vanderbilt Journal of Entertainment & Technology Law, No. 18
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 01 Feb 2016 Last Revised: 18 Jan 2019
S. Sean Tu
West Virginia University College of Law
Downloads 85 (420,905)

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Patent, patents, examiner, patent examiner, USPTO, litigation

19.

Patent Law: An Open-Source Casebook (Cover, Preface, and Table of Contents)

Patent Law: An Open-Source Casebook (Spring 2022)
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 30 Apr 2021 Last Revised: 22 Jan 2022
University of Texas - McCombs School of Business, University of Minnesota Law School, University of Richmond - School of Law, Indiana University Maurer School of Law, George Washington University - Law School, UC Hastings Law, University of Iowa - College of Law, University of San Diego School of Law, Southern Methodist University - Dedman School of Law and West Virginia University College of Law
Downloads 75 (452,251)

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patents, patent law, casebook, open source, patent claims, subject matter eligibility, utility, disclosure, anticipation, obviousness, infringement, defenses, remedies

20.

Brief of 42 Professors of Law, Economics, Business, and Medicine as Amici Curiae in Support of the Petition

Supreme Court brief in Teva Pharmaceuticals v. GlaxoSmithKline (2022), Rutgers Law School Research Paper, WVU College of Law Research Paper No. 2022-015
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 11 Aug 2022 Last Revised: 21 Nov 2022
Rutgers Law School, Cornell University - Cornell Tech NYC and West Virginia University College of Law
Downloads 70 (469,377)

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skinny labels, generics, Hatch Waxman, method-of-use patents

21.

Bigger and Better Patent Examiner Statistics

WVU College of Law Research Paper No. 2019-006, IDEA: The IP Law Review, Vol. 59, 2018
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 10 Jan 2019 Last Revised: 25 Jan 2019
S. Sean Tu
West Virginia University College of Law
Downloads 66 (483,977)

Abstract:

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Intellectual property, patent, patent law, patent examiner, patent statistics, patent prosecution, United States Patent and Trademark Office, USPTO, PTO, patentability, examination

22.

FDA Reexamination: Increased Communication Between the FDA and USPTO to Improve Patent Quality

WVU College of Law Research Paper No. 2022-014, Houston Law Review, Vol. 60, 2022 60 Hous. L. Rev. ___ (2022).
Number of pages: 63 Posted: 29 Jun 2022 Last Revised: 01 Dec 2022
S. Sean Tu
West Virginia University College of Law
Downloads 45 (575,205)

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patent, reexamination, USPTO, PTO, post-grant review, IPR, inter partes review, examination

23.

Understanding the Backlog Problems Associated with Requests for Continued Examination Practice

Duke Law & Technology Review, Vol. 13, No. 1, p. 216, 2015, WVU Law Research Paper No. 2015-10
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 05 Sep 2015 Last Revised: 25 Jan 2019
S. Sean Tu
West Virginia University College of Law
Downloads 36 (624,499)

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patent examination, examiner, RCE, continuation, patent application, Intellectual property, patent, patent law, patent statistics, patent prosecution, United States Patent and Trademark Office, USPTO, PTO, patentability

24.

Characteristics of Patent Examiners Who Issue Litigated/Invalidated Patents

27 Intellectual Property Litigator 1 (2021), WVU College of Law Research Paper No. 2021-016
Number of pages: 8 Posted: 24 Sep 2021 Last Revised: 01 Apr 2022
S. Sean Tu
West Virginia University College of Law
Downloads 27 (683,699)

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Patent, patent litigation, patent examination, USPTO, invalidation, empirical

25.

Fast versus Slow Examination: How Examiners Use Allowances or Rejections to Delay or Compact Patent Prosecution

Intellectual Property Litigator (September/October 2021), WVU College of Law Research Paper, 2021-018
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 24 Sep 2021 Last Revised: 26 Oct 2021
S. Sean Tu
West Virginia University College of Law
Downloads 13 (802,583)

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patent, patent examination, USPTO, rejections, anticipation, novelty, obviousness, 102, 103

26.

Funk Brothers: An Exercise in Obviousness

University of Missouri-Kansas City Law Review, Vol. 80, No. 3, 2011
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 21 Jul 2021 Last Revised: 11 Aug 2021
S. Sean Tu
West Virginia University College of Law
Downloads 8 (854,221)

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Patents, patentable subject matter, obviousness, 103, 101 gene patents

27.

The Indeterminacy Critique and the Trespass Fallacy

Florida Law Review, Vol. 65, No. 35, 2013
Number of pages: 3 Posted: 16 Jun 2021 Last Revised: 11 Aug 2021
S. Sean Tu
West Virginia University College of Law
Downloads 2 (925,924)

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patent

28.

Antibody Patent Evolution

WVU College of Law Research Paper No. 2022-020, IEEE Pulse, This article was published in IEEE Pulse. The version of record is available at: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/36301809/, Vol. 13, Issue 5, p. 33-37, 2022
Posted: 03 Nov 2022
Independent, Brigham and Women's Hospital/Harvard Medical School and West Virginia University College of Law

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therapeutic antibodies, antibody patents, USPTO, pharmaceutical patents, drug patents

29.

Product Hopping in the Drug Industry — Lessons from Albuterol

New England Journal of Medicine, Vol. 387, p. 1153-1156 (2022), WVU College of Law Research Paper No. 2022-019
Posted: 17 Oct 2022
West Virginia University College of Law, affiliation not provided to SSRN and Harvard University - Harvard Medical School

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Food and Drug Administration, FDA, generic drugs, albuterol, patents, brand-name drugs, pharmaceutical patents, drug patents

30.

Reference Check: A Simple Strategy to Improve Drug Patent Quality

WVU College of Law Research Paper No. 2022-012 Health Affairs Forefront https://www.healthaffairs.org/do/10.1377/forefront.20220615.404330
Posted: 28 Jun 2022 Last Revised: 20 Aug 2022
West Virginia University College of Law, University of Missouri School of Law and Brigham and Women's Hospital/Harvard Medical School

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USPTO, patent, pharmaceutical, orange book, patent examination, PTO