Muhammad Munir

International Islamic University, Islamabad - Department of Law

Professor of Law

Islamabad, Islamabad Capital Territory 44,000

Pakistan

http://www.iiu.edu.pk

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

86

DOWNLOADS
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SSRN RANKINGS

Top 679

in Total Papers Downloads

48,013

SSRN CITATIONS
Rank 33,634

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 33,634

in Total Papers Citations

14

CROSSREF CITATIONS

10

Ideas:
“  Works that are not available on my SSRN page: 1). The Law of War and Peace in Islam: Causes and Conduct of War and Non-State Islamic Actors Under Islamic Law" Edwin Mellen Press, New York, 2018, available at http://mellenpress.com/book/The-Law-of-War-and-Peace-in-Islam-Causes-and-Conduct-of-Jihad-and-Non-State-Islamic-Actors-under-Islamic-Law/9456/2). Precedent in Pakistani Law, Oxford University Press, Karachi, 2014,3). Rights of the Child in Islam: Theory, Mechanism, Practices, and Convention on the Rights of the Child, Iqbal International Institute for Research and Dialogue, Islamabad, 2017, 4). The Polluter Pays Principle, ILSI, 2003. Many other unpublished articles are not uploaded on this page.  ”

Scholarly Papers (86)

1.

Islamic International Law (Siyar): An Introduction

Hamdard Islamicus, Vol. XXXX, No. 4, (October-December 2012), pp. 37-60.
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 10 May 2011 Last Revised: 06 Jan 2013
Muhammad Munir
International Islamic University, Islamabad - Department of Law
Downloads 3,317 (4,996)
Citation 1

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siyar, Islamic international law, role of siyar, origin, evolution of siyar, obligations of Muslim states, Shaybani, Abu Hanifa, Abu Yusuf, Awza'i, Hameedullah

2.

Talaq and the Muslim Family Law Ordinance, 1961 in Pakistan: An Analysis

Spectrum of International Law, Vol. 1, pp. 16-18, May-August 2011
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 12 Sep 2011
Muhammad Munir
International Islamic University, Islamabad - Department of Law
Downloads 2,911 (6,202)

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talaq, Muslim Family Law Ordinance, Pakistan, section 7 of MFLO

3.

History and Evolution of the Polluter Pays Principle: How an Economic Idea Became a Legal Principle?

Number of pages: 25 Posted: 10 Sep 2013 Last Revised: 25 Apr 2014
Muhammad Munir
International Islamic University, Islamabad - Department of Law
Downloads 2,415 (8,306)
Citation 3

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The Polluter pays principle, the OECD’s guiding principles, OECD’s Environmental policies, The European Union (Communities), Programme of Action, Efficient environmental principle, internalization of external costs, externality, spillover costs, pollution, taxes and charges.

4.

Rights of the Child: An Islamic Perspective on Preventing Violence, Abuse, and Exploitation of Children and Pakistani Law

Hamdard Islamicus (October-December 2015), Vol. XXXVIII, No. 4, pp. 33-58.
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 21 Dec 2014 Last Revised: 26 Jan 2016
Muhammad Munir
International Islamic University, Islamabad - Department of Law
Downloads 1,879 (12,486)
Citation 2

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Rights of the Child, violence against child, child abuse, child exploitation, child labour, child sex, child punishment, blaming, cursing, spoiling, Pakistan Penal Code, CRC, Convention on the Rights of the Child

5.

Are Judges the Makers or Discoverers of the Law? Theories of Adjudication and Stare Decisis with Special Reference to Case Law in Pakistan

Annual Journal of International Islamic University Islamabad, Vol. 21 (2013), pp. 7-40
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 27 Mar 2011 Last Revised: 08 Jul 2014
Muhammad Munir
International Islamic University, Islamabad - Department of Law
Downloads 1,855 (12,762)

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Declaratory theory, positivism, Hart, Dworkin, Cornellius, Hamoodur Rahman, Saleem Akhtar, Wajihuddin Ahmad, Stare Decisis, Precedent, Theories of Adjudication

6.

Recognising Hart's Rule of Recognition: A Critical Evaluation

Journal of Social Sciences, Vol. 6, No. 1 (August 2014), pp. 201-216, ISSN: 1812-0687.
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 27 Mar 2011 Last Revised: 15 Apr 2015
Muhammad Munir
International Islamic University, Islamabad - Department of Law
Downloads 1,558 (16,751)

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Rule of Recognition, Hart, Foundation of Legal System, Judicial Customary Rule, Dworkin and the Rule of Recognition, Pakistan and Rule of Recognition, Criticism of Hart

7.

Triple Talaq in one Session: An Analysis of the Opinions of Classical, Medieval and Modern Muslim Jurists under Islamic Law

Arab Law Quarterly, Vol. 27 (2013), pp. 29-49.
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 01 May 2011 Last Revised: 02 Apr 2013
Muhammad Munir
International Islamic University, Islamabad - Department of Law
Downloads 1,356 (20,587)

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ṭalāq, triple ṭalāq, divorce, three repudiations, Muslim Family Law, Ibn Taimiyah, Ibn al-Qaiyam, ğamhūr, Shīʿa, Ẓāhirite

8.

The Share of Orphaned Grandchildren under Islamic Law and Pakistani Legal System: A Re-evaluation of Representational Succession in Section 4 and Its (Mis)interpretation by Courts

The Asian Yearbook of Human Rights and Humanitarian Law, Vol. 2 (2018), pp. 95-116
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 12 May 2014 Last Revised: 19 Dec 2018
Muhammad Munir
International Islamic University, Islamabad - Department of Law
Downloads 1,222 (24,117)

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Grandchild, MFLO 1961, Share of Grandchild, Grandchildren, Islamic law of Inheritance, Islam, Pakistani Legal System, Representational Succession, Obligatory Bequest, Judiciary, Peshawar High Court, Lahore High Court, Supreme Court of Pakistan

9.

How Right is Dworkin's 'Right Answer's Thesis' and His 'Law as Integrity Theory'?

Journal of Social Sciences, Vol. 2, pp. 1-25, 2006
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 26 Apr 2011 Last Revised: 10 Feb 2015
Muhammad Munir
International Islamic University, Islamabad - Department of Law
Downloads 1,175 (25,503)

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right answer thesis, law as integrity, interpretative, pre-interpretation, post-interpretation, Dworkin and precedents, criticism of Dworkin, law as integrity

10.

The Law of Khul' in Islamic Law and the Legal System of Pakistan

LUMS Law Journal (LLJ), vol. 2 (2015), pp. 33-63
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 03 Jun 2014 Last Revised: 10 Dec 2015
Muhammad Munir
International Islamic University, Islamabad - Department of Law
Downloads 1,155 (26,144)

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Khul' in Islamic law, Hanafi school, Maliki school, Shafi'i school, Hanbali school, Shi'a school, Abu Hanifa, Malik, Shafi'i, Ahamd ibn Hanbal, Hanafi jurists, Maliki jurists, Shafi'i jurists, Hanbali jurists, Pakistani law, Supreme Court, Lahore High Court, Balqis Fatima case, Khur

11.

Marriage in Islam: A Civil Contract or a Sacrosanct?

Hamdard-Islamicus, Vol. XXXI, No. 1, January-March 2008
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 01 Apr 2011
Muhammad Munir
International Islamic University, Islamabad - Department of Law
Downloads 1,135 (26,814)
Citation 1

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marriage in Islam, civil contract, sacrosanct, anglo-Indian judges, mohamedan law, Islamic law

12.

Three or One Talaq? An Analysis of Some Fresh Fatwas on the Legal Effect of Three Talaq in One Session in Pakistan and India

Hamdard Islamicus, Vol. XXXVI, No. 3 (July-September 2013), pp. 33-47
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 16 Apr 2012 Last Revised: 14 Aug 2013
Muhammad Munir
International Islamic University, Islamabad - Department of Law
Downloads 994 (32,413)
Citation 1

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three talaq, ahl al-hadith, ahnaf, fatwa on triple talaq, opinions on triple talaq, section 7 of MFLO, triple talaq and Indian High courts

13.

Stipulations in a Muslim Marriage Contract with Special Reference to Talaq Al-Tafwid Provisions in Pakistan

Yearbook of Islamic and Middle Eastern Law, Vol. 12, 2005-2006
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 01 Apr 2011 Last Revised: 05 May 2011
Muhammad Munir
International Islamic University, Islamabad - Department of Law
Downloads 987 (32,752)

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Stipulations in Marriage Contract, Talaq Al-Tafwid, Talaq-E Tafwid, Increase in the Amount of Dower in Case of Divorce, Stipulations Benefiting Women, Cases of Talaq Al-Tafwid, Survey of Talaq Al-Tafwid in Pakistan, Nikah Rigistrars, Ulama in Pakistan, Categories of Ulama In Pakistan, Personal Laws

14.

The Concept of Treaty in Relation to War and Peace in Islam

Fikro Nazar Urdu Journal, Vol. 47, No. 1, July-September 2009
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 22 Apr 2011 Last Revised: 24 Dec 2014
Muhammad Munir
International Islamic University, Islamabad - Department of Law
Downloads 922 (36,076)

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15.

The Administration of Justice in the Reign of Akbar and Awrangzeb: An Overview

Journal of Social Sciences, Vol. 5, No. 1 (August 2012), pp. 1-19.
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 27 Mar 2011 Last Revised: 05 Aug 2013
Muhammad Munir
International Islamic University, Islamabad - Department of Law
Downloads 915 (36,482)
Citation 1

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16.

The Judicial System of the East India Company: Precursor to the Present Pakistani Legal System

Annual Journal of International Islamic University, Islamabad, Vol. 13 & 14, pp. 53-68, 2005-06
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 24 Apr 2011 Last Revised: 01 May 2020
Muhammad Munir
International Islamic University, Islamabad - Department of Law
Downloads 902 (37,179)

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East India Company, Judicial system of East India Company, trader's justice in India, replacement of Islamic law, role of Mughal rulers, privy council, evolution of precedent in India

17.

The Principle of Legality in Islamic Criminal Justice System

Hazara Islamicus, January-June 2018, Vol. 7, Issue 1, pp. 107-120
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 22 Apr 2015 Last Revised: 20 Aug 2018
Muhammad Munir
International Islamic University, Islamabad - Department of Law
Downloads 885 (38,206)

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Justice, Law, Rights, Principles, Crime

18.

The Causes of War in Islam: Infidelity or the Defence of Faith?

Number of pages: 83 Posted: 05 Apr 2011
Muhammad Munir
International Islamic University, Islamabad - Department of Law
Downloads 881 (38,468)

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jihad, causes of war in Islam, relations between Muslims and non-Muslims, jihadis in Pakistan, jihadi literature in Pakistan

19.

Marxism, Marxian Theories of Law and Pakistan’s Experience with Socialism

Kardan Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities, Vol. 1(2) 2018, pp. 28-38
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 09 Mar 2013 Last Revised: 18 Jul 2019
Muhammad Munir
International Islamic University, Islamabad - Department of Law
Downloads 873 (38,961)

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Marx, Engels, Marxian theories of law, Marxist, socialist legality, capitalism, socialism, communism, Pakistan.

20.

Refugee Law in Islam

Journal of Social Sciences, Vol. 4, No. 2, pp. 1-18, August 2011
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 04 Apr 2011 Last Revised: 14 May 2015
Muhammad Munir
International Islamic University, Islamabad - Department of Law
Downloads 867 (39,329)

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refugee law in Islam, hijrah and aman, asylum and Islam, international refugee law, refugee protection in Islam

21.

Dissecting the Claims of Legitimization for the Ritual of Female Circumcision or Female Genital Mutilation (FGM)

INTERNATIONAL REVIEW OF LAW, VOL. 6 (2014)
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 26 Jun 2013 Last Revised: 24 Dec 2014
Muhammad Munir
International Islamic University, Islamabad - Department of Law
Downloads 842 (40,911)

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Children rights, Islam, female circumcision, female genital mutilation, custom, Islamic law, schools of thought, customary practice, Qaradawi, Ali Juma, Tantawi, Bohra and FGM

22.

Precedent in Islamic Law with Special Reference to the Federal Shariat Court and the Legal System in Pakistan

Islamic Studies, Vol. 47, No. 4, pp. 445–482, 2008
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 01 Apr 2011 Last Revised: 16 Jun 2012
Muhammad Munir
International Islamic University, Islamabad - Department of Law
Downloads 837 (41,269)

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precedent in Islamic law, institutionalized taqlid, ijtihad, role of the Federal Shariat Court, Islamic principles, Pakistani legal system, Islamic legal system, Saudi legal sytem,

23.

Rights of Children in Islamic Law: A Review of Some Existing Literature

Ma'arif-e-Islami, Vol. 13, Issue no. 1, January 2014-June 2014, pp. 1-14.
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 11 Jun 2014 Last Revised: 04 Dec 2015
Muhammad Munir
International Islamic University, Islamabad - Department of Law
Downloads 808 (43,297)

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Rights, child, Islam, Rights of the child, Convention on the Rights of the Child, CRC, rituals, review of literature, classical works, parental responsibility, Muslim state, society, role of Muslim state, Astroshni, ahkam al-sighar, Tuhfatul Mawdud, ibn-Qaiyam, aqiqah, female circumcision, Tarbiyatu

24.

Reforms in Triple Talaq in the Personal Laws of Muslim States and the Pakistani Legal System: Continuity Versus Change

International Review of Law 2013:2
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 22 Apr 2011 Last Revised: 28 Jun 2013
Muhammad Munir
International Islamic University, Islamabad - Department of Law
Downloads 797 (44,063)
Citation 1

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triple talaq, divorce in Islamic law, classical Islamic law on divorce, modern legislation on divorce, reforms in divorce law, Arab states, Muslim states, changes in divorce law

25.

Fundamental Guarantees of the Rights of the Accused in Islamic Criminal Justice System

Hamdard Islamicus, Vol. XL, Issue No. 4 (Oct-Dec 2017), pp. 45-65.
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 01 Jan 2018 Last Revised: 22 Jul 2018
Muhammad Munir
International Islamic University, Islamabad - Department of Law
Downloads 786 (44,867)

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26.

The Protection of Civilians in War: Non-Combatant Immunity in Islamic Law

Hamdard Islamicus, Vol. XXXIV, No. 4, pp. 7-39, October-December 2011
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 01 Apr 2011 Last Revised: 24 Dec 2014
Muhammad Munir
International Islamic University, Islamabad - Department of Law
Downloads 746 (48,132)
Citation 2

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27.

Precedent in Civil Law and International Law: An Overview

Number of pages: 28 Posted: 27 Mar 2011 Last Revised: 15 Jun 2012
Muhammad Munir
International Islamic University, Islamabad - Department of Law
Downloads 712 (51,200)

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Key Words: Precedent, civil law, common law, France, Germany, Spain, England, Pakistan, International Court of Justice, WTO, Panels, Appellate Body, practice of precedent in civil law.

28.

Reinventing the Islamic Law of Inheritance: The Share of Orphaned Grandchild in Islam and Pakistani Legal System

Number of pages: 23 Posted: 13 May 2014
Muhammad Munir
International Islamic University, Islamabad - Department of Law
Downloads 686 (53,803)
Citation 1

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Grandchild, MFLO 1961, Share of Grandchild, Grandchildren, Islamic law of Inheritance, Islam, Pakistani Legal System, Representational Succession, Obligatory Bequest, judiciary, Peshawar High Court, Lahore High Court, Supreme Court of Pakistan.

29.

Immunity or Impunity: A Critical Appraisal of the Immunity of Diplomats in International Law and its Status in Shar'Ia

Journal of Law and Society, Vol. XXII, No. 35, 2000
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 29 Jun 2011
Muhammad Munir
International Islamic University, Islamabad - Department of Law
Downloads 670 (55,456)

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diplomatic, immunity, Islamic law and immunity, international law

30.

Islamization of Laws in Pakistan with Special Reference to Punjab Pre-Emption Act, 1991

Hamdard Islamicus, Volume XXXVII, No. 4 (October-December 2014), pp. 53-67.
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 31 Jul 2012 Last Revised: 17 Feb 2015
Muhammad Munir
International Islamic University, Islamabad - Department of Law
Downloads 624 (60,729)
Citation 2

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pre-emption, Islamic law, Punjab Pre-emption Act, 1991, Islamization of laws in Pakistan, Federal Shariat Court, Shariat Appellate Bench of the Supreme Court, repugnancy to Islam, Injunctions of Islam, Sources of Islamic law in Pakistan

31.

The Protection of Women and Children in Islamic Law and International Humanitarian Law: A Critique of John Kelsay

Hamdard Islamicus, Vol. 25, No. 3, July-September 2002
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 20 Jul 2011 Last Revised: 24 Dec 2014
Muhammad Munir
International Islamic University, Islamabad - Department of Law
Downloads 624 (60,729)

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Islamic jus in bello, John Kelsay, Fredrick Donner, Imam Al-Shafi'i, Ibn Rushd, The Prophet Muhammad, false assumptions, international humanitarian law, humanity in warfare in Islam, protection of women and children in war Islam

32.

Debates on the Rights of Prisoners of War in Islamic Law

Islamic Studies, 49:4 (2010) pp. 463-492
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 04 Apr 2011 Last Revised: 19 Aug 2012
Muhammad Munir
International Islamic University, Islamabad - Department of Law
Downloads 612 (62,248)
Citation 3

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Prisoners of war in Islam, POWs, Islamic law, opinions of, Muslim jurists, fuqaha, execution, ransom, termination of, Taliban, La'ihahPOWs and the Layha for the Mujahidin

33.

Shari‘ah and the Nation-State: The Transformation of Maqasid Al-Shari‘ah Theory

Hazara Islamicus, vol. 6, issue 2 (July-Dec 2017), pp. 1-14.
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 18 Nov 2014 Last Revised: 20 Feb 2018
Muhammad Munir
International Islamic University, Islamabad - Department of Law
Downloads 602 (63,557)

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Caliph, Caliphate, nation-state, shari‘ah, maqasid al-shari‘ah, objectives of Islamic law, darurat, hajat, tahsinat, Juwaini, Ghazali

34.

The Rights of Women and the Role of Superior Judiciary in Pakistan with Special Reference to Family Law Cases from 2004-2008

Pakistan Journal of Islamic Research, Vol. 3, pp. 271-299, 2009
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 18 Apr 2011 Last Revised: 12 Mar 2012
Muhammad Munir
International Islamic University, Islamabad - Department of Law
Downloads 595 (64,473)

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rights of women, family law, protection of women, remedies for Pakistani women, role of judiciary, muslim family law, capacit of women, custody of children, dower, maintenance, khul', post-divorce maintenance

Judicial Law-Making: An Analysis of Case Law on Khul‘ in Pakistan

Islamabad Law Review, Volume 1, No. 1, January-June 2014, pp. 7-24 (ISSN 1992-5018).
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 11 Aug 2014 Last Revised: 04 Sep 2015
Muhammad Munir
International Islamic University, Islamabad - Department of Law
Downloads 492 (80,968)

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khul, Pakistan, Muslim personal law, judicial khul', Case law

Judicial Law Making: An Analysis of Case Law on Khul‘ in Pakistan

Posted: 06 Apr 2012
Muhammad Munir
International Islamic University, Islamabad - Department of Law

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khul' in Pakistan, khul' cases in Pakistan, Balqis Fatima case, Khurshid Bibi case, hatred and aversion in khul', causes of khul', section 10(4) of West Pakistan Family Courts Act, 1964.

Judging the Judges: Judicial Immunity in Pakistan

REVIEW OF HUMAN RIGHTS, Vol. 6, No. 1, Winter 2020, 119-138
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 10 Jun 2021
Muhammad Munir
International Islamic University, Islamabad - Department of Law
Downloads 277 (154,001)

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Judicial Immunity, Judicial Acts, Non-Judicial Acts, Article 199(5), Pakistan, Supreme Court, High Court

Judging the Judges: Judicial Immunity in Pakistan

International Istanbul Law Congress, 17-19 October, 2016, pp. 667-676
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 11 Jun 2018
Muhammad Munir
International Islamic University, Islamabad - Department of Law
Downloads 181 (230,921)

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judicial immunity, judicial acts, non-judicial acts, Article 199(5), Pakistan

37.

The Prophet (Peace be Upon Him)'s Merciful Reforms in the Conduct of War: The Prohibited Acts

INSIGHTS: 'Mercy for the World', Vol. 2, Nos. 2-3, Winter 2009-Spring 2010, pp. 221-260,
Number of pages: 40 Posted: 22 Apr 2011 Last Revised: 12 Mar 2012
Muhammad Munir
International Islamic University, Islamabad - Department of Law
Downloads 425 (97,125)

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conduct of war in Islam, prohibited acts, perfidy, ruse, non-combatants, prisoners of war, genocide, war crimes, Islamic conduct of war

38.

Islamisation or De-Islamisation?: De-Islamisation of the Law of Evidence under the Disguise of Islamisation by General Ziaulhaq in Pakistan

Number of pages: 4 Posted: 24 Mar 2014 Last Revised: 07 Apr 2014
Muhammad Munir
International Islamic University, Islamabad - Department of Law
Downloads 420 (98,436)

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Islamisation, de-Islamisation, Pakistan, evidence law, Hamida Begum case, Ziaulhaq

39.

Is Zina Bil-Jabr a Hadd, Taʿzir or Syasa Offence? A Re-Appraisal of the Protection of Women Act, 2006 in Pakistan

Yearbook of Islamic and Middle Eastern Law, Vol. 14, 2008-2009
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 01 Apr 2011 Last Revised: 21 Jun 2011
Muhammad Munir
International Islamic University, Islamabad - Department of Law
Downloads 413 (100,352)

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40.

Suicide Attacks and Islamic Law

International Review of the Red Cross, Vol. 90, No. 869, March 2008
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 01 Apr 2011
Muhammad Munir
International Islamic University, Islamabad - Department of Law
Downloads 371 (113,408)
Citation 1

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suicide attacks, perfidy, ruse, treachery, heroism, Islamic jus in bello, non-combatant immunity, reprisal

41.

Mechanisms for Child Protection with Focus on Child Custody: Islamic Law and Case Studies of Pakistan and Jordan

Number of pages: 20 Posted: 13 Mar 2015
Muhammad Munir
International Islamic University, Islamabad - Department of Law
Downloads 361 (116,983)

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Child, custody, Pakistan, Jordan, Islamic law, minimum age, marriage, labour, responsibility

42.

Some Reflections on the Story of Banu Qurayzah: A Re-evaluation of Ibn Ishaq’s Account

Islamabad Law Review, Volume 1, No. 2 (2016), pp. 7-28
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 03 May 2014 Last Revised: 02 Aug 2017
Muhammad Munir
International Islamic University, Islamabad - Department of Law
Downloads 361 (116,983)
Citation 1

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Banu Quraydha, Qurayaza, the Prophet Muhammad, Ibn Ishaq, Ibn Jarir, Waqidi, Kister, Arafat, Ahmad, Jews, Islamic law, Islamic jus in bello

43.

Who Can Declare Jihad?

Research Papers, Human Rights Conflict Prevention Centre (HRCPC) Vol. XII. no. 1-2 (2012), pp. 1279-1294.
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 14 Apr 2012 Last Revised: 26 Dec 2014
Muhammad Munir
International Islamic University, Islamabad - Department of Law
Downloads 351 (120,665)

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declaration of jihad, non-state Islamic actors, responsibility for acts of jihadis, permission of the Imam for jihad

44.

Implementation of the Polluter Pays Principle or Economic Approaches to Pollution: Command and Control, Taxes/Charges, and Tradable Discharges Permits (TDPS)

Number of pages: 26 Posted: 16 Jan 2014 Last Revised: 15 Mar 2014
Muhammad Munir
International Islamic University, Islamabad - Department of Law
Downloads 327 (130,289)

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polluter pays principle, PPP, victim pays principle, VPP, user pays principle, UPP, ecology, pollution, externalities, internalization, external costs, economic instruments, OECD, EC, command and control, CAC, emission charges, taxes, tradable/tradeable discharge permits, TDPs

45.

The Process of Law Making by Parliament and Provincial Assemblies in Pakistan

Number of pages: 21 Posted: 06 Jan 2022
Muhammad Munir
International Islamic University, Islamabad - Department of Law
Downloads 300 (143,499)

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Law making, Legislation, Bill, Parliament, Constitution, Act, Ordinance, Standing Committees

46.

Freedom of Expression, Information, Thought and Religion in Islam and Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC)

Number of pages: 16 Posted: 24 Jul 2013 Last Revised: 02 Nov 2013
Muhammad Munir
International Islamic University, Islamabad - Department of Law
Downloads 299 (143,023)
Citation 1

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freedom of expression, information, thought, religion, Islamic law, CRC, blasphemy, apostasy

47.

Compatibility between Anti-Terrorism Legislation and Shari‛a

Pakistan Journal of Islamic Research, Vol. 8, 2011, pp. 63-107
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 02 May 2011 Last Revised: 18 Jun 2012
Muhammad Munir
International Islamic University, Islamabad - Department of Law
Downloads 298 (143,499)

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terrorism and Islamic law, terrorism and shari'a, compatability, categorization of crimes in Islamic law, hudud, tazir, qesas, diyat, sysa, hirabah, suicide attacks, causes of war in Islam, non-state Islamic actors, terrorist groups, Muslim states, legislation on terrorism, elements of terrorism

Trafficking in Persons: Faulty Regulations, Pervasive Corruption and Flawed Policing in Pakistan

Number of pages: 14 Posted: 13 Oct 2014 Last Revised: 27 Jun 2015
Muhammad Munir
International Islamic University, Islamabad - Department of Law
Downloads 228 (186,694)

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Trafficking in persons, smuggling, migration, bonded labour, legal regulations, Pakistan

Trafficking in Persons: Faulty Regulations, Pervasive Corruption and Flawed Prevention in Pakistan

Pakistan Journal of Criminology, Vol. 9, Issue 3, July 2017, pp. 56-65
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 05 Jun 2015 Last Revised: 27 Oct 2017
Muhammad Munir
International Islamic University, Islamabad - Department of Law
Downloads 69 (456,219)

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Trafficking in persons, smuggling, migration, bonded labour, legal regulations, Pakistan

49.

The Layha for the Mujahidin: An Analysis of the Code of Conduct for the Taliban Fighters Under Islamic Law

International Review of the Red Cross, Vol. 93, No. 881, pp. 81-102, March 2011
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 05 Apr 2011 Last Revised: 15 Oct 2011
Muhammad Munir
International Islamic University, Islamabad - Department of Law
Downloads 264 (162,386)
Citation 1

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layha for the mujahideen in Afghanistan, code of conduct for the mujahideen, Taliban, Islamic jus in bello, non-state Islamic actors

50.

Does a Compromise Blot out Both Guilt and Punishment? Analyzing Qiṣāṣ and Diyat Provisions of Criminal Law in Pakistan under the Injunctions of Islam

Islamic Studies, Vol. 59:1 (2020), pp. 9-28.
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 19 Jun 2020 Last Revised: 03 Aug 2020
Muhammad Munir
International Islamic University, Islamabad - Department of Law
Downloads 262 (163,639)

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Islamic law, qiṣāṣ and diyat provisions, criminal law, Islamic injunctions

51.

POLICE POWERS AND INVESTIGATION IN CRIMINAL CASES IN PAKISTAN

Number of pages: 26 Posted: 11 Feb 2022
Muhammad Munir
International Islamic University, Islamabad - Department of Law
Downloads 242 (176,746)

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Police powers, Police, Arrest, Search, Warrant, Magistrate, Sessions Judge, Justice of the Peace, Report, Challan, Remand, Pakistani Legal System.

52.

The Principle of Nulla Peona Sine Lege in Islamic Law and Contemporary Western Jurisprudence

Annual Journal of the International Islamic University Islamabad, Vol. 12, pp. 39-59, 2004
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 21 Jul 2011
Muhammad Munir
International Islamic University, Islamabad - Department of Law
Downloads 239 (178,969)

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nulla peona sine lege, principle, retrospective effect, li'an, zihar, qadhf, Islamic law, Hart, Kelson, Fuller, Maxwell, accusing innocent women of adultery, pre-Islamic form of divorce

53.

One Step Forward, Two Steps Back: The Unending Twist and Turn Regarding the Law of Khul‘ and its Exposition by the Superior Courts in Pakistan

Manchester Journal of Transnational Islamic Law & Practice (MJTILP) Volume 17, Issue 1:2021, pp. 133-149
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 21 Dec 2021
Muhammad Munir
International Islamic University, Islamabad - Department of Law
Downloads 225 (189,404)

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Khul‘; Marriage; Dower/Mahr; S. 10(4) Family Courts Act 1964; Islamic Law; Peshawar High Court; Supreme Court, Fakhar-ud-Din case, Yasmeen Bibi case

54.

Multiplying Zeroes: (In)Validity of Promises in Marriage Contracts under Pakistani Case Law

LUMS Law Journal, Vol. 6 (2019), pp. 1-14
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 14 Sep 2019
Muhammad Munir
International Islamic University, Islamabad - Department of Law
Downloads 208 (204,048)

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stipulations, marriage contract, compensation, Family Courts, jurisdiction, Muslim personal law

55.

From the State of the Khalifah to the Nation State: The Transformation of Islamic Legal Politics

Islamic Studies (Autumn-Winter 2017, Vol. 56, Nos. 3-4), pp. 187-202
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 02 Dec 2018
Muhammad Munir
International Islamic University, Islamabad - Department of Law
Downloads 194 (217,390)

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Caliph, Khalipah, shari‘ah, democracy, Juwaini, Ghazali, Dehlavi, Shura, Nation State

56.

A Critical Review of Hart’s Scathing Attack on Austin’S Command Theory

Number of pages: 14 Posted: 08 May 2022
Muhammad Munir
International Islamic University, Islamabad - Department of Law
Downloads 193 (218,341)

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Hart, Austin, Jurisprudence, command, sanction, law, sovereign, gunman theory, orders backed by threats, coercive orders

57.

Evolution and Sources of Pakistani Legal System

Number of pages: 20 Posted: 24 Jan 2022
Muhammad Munir
International Islamic University, Islamabad - Department of Law
Downloads 188 (223,380)

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Salatin, Mughals, Akbar, Aurangzeb, East India Company, EEIC, Legal reforms, India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Crown, Asif Ali Fayzee, Sir Archibald Galloway, Sources of Pakistani law, Pakistani legal system

58.

Immunity, Independence and Accountability of Judges: An Islamic Law Perspective

Majallah-yi Talim o Tahqiq, Vol. 3, Issue No. 2 April-June (2021), pp. 138-148, ISSN (P): 2618-1355, ISSN (Online): 2618-1363
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 23 Jul 2021
Muhammad Munir
International Islamic University, Islamabad - Department of Law
Downloads 186 (225,417)

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Immunity, Judges, Independence, Accountability, Judiciary, Sharī‘ah, Islamic Law

59.

Maqāṣid Al-Sharī‘Ah or the Higher Objectives of Islamic Law: An Introduction

Number of pages: 13 Posted: 26 Feb 2022
Muhammad Munir
International Islamic University, Islamabad - Department of Law
Downloads 184 (227,570)

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Maqasid, maslaha, maqasid al-shari‘ah, maqasid al-shari‘, the higher objectives of Islamic law, public interest, darurat, hajat, tahsinat, essential interests, complimentary interests, embellishments, Juwaini, Ghazali, Shatibi, Ibn Ashur

60.

Challenging State Authority or Running a Parallel Judicial System?: Ulama Versus the Judiciary in Pakistan

LUMS Law Journal 2017: 4(1), pp. 1-28.
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 05 Apr 2012 Last Revised: 31 Jul 2018
Muhammad Munir
International Islamic University, Islamabad - Department of Law
Downloads 179 (232,975)

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khul, Islamic law, Pakistani law, ulama, judicial ijtihad, fatwa

61.

Judicial Proceedings in Criminal Cases in Pakistan

Number of pages: 24 Posted: 13 Jan 2022 Last Revised: 20 Jan 2022
Muhammad Munir
International Islamic University, Islamabad - Department of Law
Downloads 163 (256,250)

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Criminal Trial, Pakistani Legal System, Accused, Code of Criminal Procedure, Cr.P.C., Magistrate, Prosecution, Prosecutor, Examination in Chief, Cross-Examination, Re-Examination, Public Prosecutor, Police Report, Private Complain

62.

Delegated Legislation in Pakistan: Types, Need, and Its Control by Parliament and the Courts

Number of pages: 16 Posted: 28 Dec 2021
Muhammad Munir
International Islamic University, Islamabad - Department of Law
Downloads 153 (265,695)

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Delegated Legislation, Parliament, Senate, National Assembly, Pakistani Legal System, Ultra vires

63.

Fast-track Procedure and Slow-track Results: Time Frame of Family Law Case Disposals in Pakistan

LUMS Law Journal, 2021: 8 (1), pp. 43-60.
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 06 Oct 2021 Last Revised: 06 Dec 2021
Muhammad Munir
International Islamic University, Islamabad - Department of Law
Downloads 148 (272,928)

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Family Courts, Family Law Cases, Court Procedure, Delay in Court Proceedings, Muslim Family Laws Ordinance, Duration of Cases

64.

The Legal Profession and Legal Education in Pakistan

Number of pages: 17 Posted: 24 Feb 2022
Muhammad Munir
International Islamic University, Islamabad - Department of Law
Downloads 133 (296,536)

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Legal education, Legal profession, Advocate, Advocate of High Court, Advocate Supreme Court, ASC, Senior Advocate Supreme Court, Sr. ASC, Complaints against advocates, Bar Council, Pakistan Bar Council, High Court Bar Council

65.

Financial Rights of Woman on the Dissolution of Her Marital Relationship and Death of Her Husband in Islamic Law and Pakistani Legal System

Hamdard Islamicus, Vol. XLV , No. 2 (2022), pp. 27-57, ISSN-P: 0250-7196 ISSN-E: 2789-8490
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 27 Jul 2022
Muhammad Munir
International Islamic University, Islamabad - Department of Law
Downloads 129 (316,245)

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Financial Rights, Wife, Dower/Mahr, Maintenance, Stipulations, Hiba, Gift, Property, Corpus, Usufruct, manafi‘.

66.

The Hart-Devlin Debate: Should Law Be Used to Enforce Morality?

Number of pages: 16 Posted: 14 May 2022
Muhammad Munir
International Islamic University, Islamabad - Department of Law
Downloads 123 (314,437)

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Law, morality, Hart-Devlin debate, prostitution, homosexual, consent, Shah v DPP, R v Brown, Lee v Ashers Baking Co.

67.

Judiciary in Pakistan: Appointment, Recruitment, Promotion, Retirement, Removal and Dismissal of Judges from Service

Number of pages: 19 Posted: 04 Jan 2022
Muhammad Munir
International Islamic University, Islamabad - Department of Law
Downloads 120 (321,931)

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Judiciary, Superior Judiciary, Lower/District Judiciary, Civil Judge-cum-Magistrate, Removal, Dismissal, Additional Sessions Judges, District Judges

68.

Consent of the Guardian in Islamic Law and Pakistani Legal System: An Introduction

Number of pages: 18 Posted: 06 May 2022
Muhammad Munir
International Islamic University, Islamabad - Department of Law
Downloads 118 (323,807)

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Consent, guardian, wali, Islamic law, Pakistani legal system, courts

69.

Is the Right to Compounding of Ta‘zīr Inheritable? Analysing the Provisions of Statutory Law, Case Law and Islamic Law in Pakistan

Manchester Journal of Transnational Islamic Law & Practice (MJTILP) (ISSN 2633-6626) Vol. 16, No. 1 (2020), 95-111
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 18 Sep 2020
Muhammad Munir
International Islamic University, Islamabad - Department of Law
Downloads 117 (325,719)

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Ta‘zīr; Ḥadd; Qiṣāṣ; Compounding; Pakistan Penal Code

70.

Book Review: The Mind of the Islamic State: ISIS and Ideology of the Islamic State

The Muslim World Book Review, 40:2, 2020, pp. 48-49
Number of pages: 2 Posted: 10 Feb 2020 Last Revised: 01 May 2020
Muhammad Munir
International Islamic University, Islamabad - Department of Law
Downloads 109 (342,165)

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ISIS, Qutub, Azzam, Faraj, Osama bin Laden, Zawahiri

71.

Environmentalism: Ecological Consciousness of Islam and the West

Pakistan Journal of Islamic Research (PJIR), 21:2 (2020), pp. 193-209
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 16 Jul 2020 Last Revised: 24 Dec 2020
Muhammad Munir
International Islamic University, Islamabad - Department of Law
Downloads 91 (384,583)

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Islam, the West, environmentalism, climate change, environmental protection, climate crisis, divine commandments, sustainable development, conservancy, eco-efficiency and climate justice.

72.

The Role of Shari‘a in the Legal System of Pakistan

Number of pages: 22 Posted: 14 Mar 2022
Muhammad Munir
International Islamic University, Islamabad - Department of Law
Downloads 89 (389,820)

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Shari‘a, Pakistan, legal system, Islamic law, Objectives Resolution, 1951 declaration, 22 points, ‘ulama, muftis, fatwa, ijtihad, Council, Islamic Ideology, Federal Shariat Court, precedent, Grundnorm, Basic Structure, doctrine, salient features, constitution, Islamization, de-Islamization

73.

Autonomous Weapons Systems: Taking the Human Out of the Loop

Number of pages: 8 Posted: 02 May 2022
Muhammad Munir
International Islamic University, Islamabad - Department of Law
Downloads 86 (398,097)

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Autonomous weapons system, AWS, artificial intelligence, big data, facial recognition, killer robot, drone, international law, IHL, ICRC

74.

Classical Natural Law Theories with Focus on St. Augustine and St. Thomas: An Introduction

Number of pages: 11 Posted: 24 May 2022
Muhammad Munir
International Islamic University, Islamabad - Department of Law
Downloads 83 (406,515)

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Classical, Natural Law, Theories Of Law, Sophists, Plato, Aristotle, Stoic, St. Augustine, St. Thomas Aquinas, Averroes, Siger

75.

The Necessary Connections between Law and Morality: Assessing the Hart-Fuller Debate

Number of pages: 12 Posted: 17 May 2022
Muhammad Munir
International Islamic University, Islamabad - Department of Law
Downloads 78 (421,361)

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H. L. A. Hart, Lon Fuller, Law and Morality, principle of inner morality, conditions of inner morality

76.

John Finnis’ Modern Natural Law Theory: An Overview

Number of pages: 12 Posted: 01 Jun 2022
Muhammad Munir
International Islamic University, Islamabad - Department of Law
Downloads 65 (464,400)

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John Finnis, Germain Grisez, St. Thomas Aquinas, Alfonso, Murphy, Crowe, Ghazali, basic goods, natural law, maqasid al-shari‘ah, higher objectives, Islamic law

77.

Process in Civil Cases in Pakistan

Number of pages: 8 Posted: 17 Feb 2022
Muhammad Munir
International Islamic University, Islamabad - Department of Law
Downloads 62 (475,487)

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Civil Courts, civil cases, civil process, summons, plaint, injunction, remedies, execution

78.

Dower in Islamic Law and Pakistani Legal System

Number of pages: 13 Posted: 15 Jun 2022
Muhammad Munir
International Islamic University, Islamabad - Department of Law
Downloads 61 (479,335)

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Dower, mahr/sadaq, definition of dower, nature of dower, prompt, deferred, mu’ajjal, mu‘ajjal, specified/al-musamma, standard/al-mithl

79.

Ronald Dworkin’s Theory of Integrity, Constructive Interpretation, and the Right Answer Thesis: An Overview

Number of pages: 17 Posted: 20 May 2022
Muhammad Munir
International Islamic University, Islamabad - Department of Law
Downloads 52 (515,563)

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Ronald Dworkin, H. L. A. Hart, Anti-positivist theory, principles, rules, theory of rules, law as integrity, constructive interpretation, judge Hercules, right answer, political morality

80.

Protecting Women: Assessing State Legislation and the Role of Superior Judiciary in Pakistan with Special Reference to Family Law Cases From 2004-2006

Journal of Social Sciences, ISSN: 1812-0687, vol. 2, No. 2 (2007), pp. 21-57.
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 30 Mar 2021
Muhammad Munir
International Islamic University, Islamabad - Department of Law
Downloads 37 (588,335)

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Women Protection, Family Law, Pakistan

81.

A Critical Evaluation of Hart’s Theory of Rules and His Rule of Recognition

Number of pages: 22 Posted: 14 May 2022
Muhammad Munir
International Islamic University, Islamabad - Department of Law
Downloads 35 (599,565)

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Hart, Austin, Salmond, Simpson, theory of rules, primary rules, secondary rules, rule of recognition, existence theory, law, internal view, external view

82.

Joseph Raz on the Authority of Law

Number of pages: 7 Posted: 10 Jun 2022
Muhammad Munir
International Islamic University, Islamabad - Department of Law
Downloads 24 (670,997)

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Joseph Raz, Thomas Hobbes, Robert Wolff, political authority, legitimacy, anarchism, theory of authority

83.

Available Alternatives of War against Terrorism and US Response on 9/11

Pakistan Journal of Social Sciences (PJSS), Vol. 31, No. 2, (December 2011), pp. 395-405
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 14 Jan 2019
Fozia and Muhammad Munir
University of Sargodha and International Islamic University, Islamabad - Department of Law
Downloads 24 (670,997)

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International law, human rights, UN Security Council, war against terror, sovereignty

84.

Utilitarianism

Number of pages: 7 Posted: 10 Jun 2022
Muhammad Munir
International Islamic University, Islamabad - Department of Law
Downloads 18 (717,737)

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Jeremy Bentham, John Stuart Mill, Kai Nielsen, Theory of Utility, Utilitarianism, Pleasure and Pain, Morality, Victim Pays Principle, Economic Analysts

85.

Dworkin’s Hard Cases

Number of pages: 12 Posted: 08 Jun 2022
Muhammad Munir
International Islamic University, Islamabad - Department of Law
Downloads 13 (761,284)

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Ronald Dworkin, Hart, Hercules, hard cases, positivism, central tenets, principle, policy, soundest theory, seamless web, right thesis.

86.

‘When the Going Gets Tough, the Tough Get Going’: The Law of Khul' Under Islamic Law

Posted: 06 Apr 2012
Muhammad Munir
International Islamic University, Islamabad - Department of Law

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consent of the husband for obtaining khul', who can initiate khul', Courts in Pakistan and Bangladesh have deviated from the opinions of fuqaha on khul', Pakistani law on khul', Egyptian law on khul'

Other Papers (3)

Total Downloads: 0
1.

Challenging State’s Authority or Running a Parallel Judicial System? ‘Ulama Verses the Judiciary in Pakistan

Posted: 03 Oct 2011 Last Revised: 12 Oct 2011
Muhammad Munir
International Islamic University, Islamabad - Department of Law

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State authority, ulama, pakistan, challenge to state authority, muftis, fatwa, khul', Federal Shariat Court

2.

Judicial Law Making?: An Analysis of Case Law on Khul‘ in Pakistan

Posted: 06 Aug 2011 Last Revised: 12 Aug 2011
Muhammad Munir
International Islamic University, Islamabad - Department of Law

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khul‘, Pakistan, Muslim personal law, judicial khul‘, Case law

3.

‘When the Going Gets Tough, the Tough Get Going’: The Law of Khul Under Islamic Law

Posted: 01 Aug 2011 Last Revised: 12 Oct 2011
Muhammad Munir
International Islamic University, Islamabad - Department of Law

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Khul under Islamic law, fuqaha and khul, Hanafi, Maliki, Shafi'i, Hanbali, Shi'a schools and khul', khul' in the Qur'an, khul' in hadith literature, Courts in Pakistan, Pakistani law on khul, Egyptian law khul