Daniel Kaufmann

Results for Development

Sr. Fellow

1875 Connecticut Avenue, NW, Suite 1210

Washington, DC 20009

United States

http://https://r4d.org/about/our-team/daniel-kaufmann/

The University of the Philippines Diliman

Visiting Professor, Economics

Manila

Philippines

The Brookings Institution

Non-Resident Senior Fellow (Global Economy)

1775 Massachusetts Avenue, NW

Washington, DC 20036

United States

http://www.brookings.edu/experts/kaufmannd

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

55

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289,667

SSRN CITATIONS
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SSRN RANKINGS

Top 462

in Total Papers Citations

461

CROSSREF CITATIONS

1,588

Scholarly Papers (55)

1.

The Worldwide Governance Indicators: Methodology and Analytical Issues

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 5430
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 24 Sep 2010
Daniel Kaufmann, Aart Kraay and Massimo Mastruzzi
Results for Development, World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG) and World Bank Institute
Downloads 89,242 (12)
Citation 64

Abstract:

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2.

Governance Matters VIII: Aggregate and Individual Governance Indicators, 1996-2008

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 4978
Number of pages: 105 Posted: 23 Jun 2009
Daniel Kaufmann, Aart Kraay and Massimo Mastruzzi
Results for Development, World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG) and World Bank Institute
Downloads 42,858 (48)
Citation 71

Abstract:

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Governance, corruption, rule of law, indicators, voice

3.

Governance Matters VI: Governance Indicators for 1996-2006

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 4280
Number of pages: 94 Posted: 11 Jul 2007
Daniel Kaufmann, Aart Kraay and Massimo Mastruzzi
Results for Development, World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG) and World Bank Institute
Downloads 23,280 (152)
Citation 2

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governance, indicators, voice, accountability, corruption, rule of law, government, margins of error, millennium challenge account, political stability, transparency

4.

Governance Matters VII: Aggregate and Individual Governance Indicators, 1996-2007

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 4654
Number of pages: 105 Posted: 20 Jun 2008 Last Revised: 26 Jun 2008
Daniel Kaufmann, Aart Kraay and Massimo Mastruzzi
Results for Development, World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG) and World Bank Institute
Downloads 18,659 (230)
Citation 41

Abstract:

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Governance, corruption, rule of law, indicators, voice

5.

Governance Matters

Number of pages: 64 Posted: 05 Nov 1999
Daniel Kaufmann, Aart Kraay and Pablo Zoido
Results for Development, World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG) and Stanford University - Graduate School of Business
Downloads 12,535 (491)

Abstract:

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6.

Governance Matters IV: Governance Indicators for 1996-2004

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper Series No. 3630
Number of pages: 135 Posted: 05 May 2005
Daniel Kaufmann, Aart Kraay and Massimo Mastruzzi
Results for Development, World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG) and World Bank Institute
Downloads 10,151 (719)
Citation 40

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governance, indicators, voice, accountability, corruption, rule of law, government, margins of error, millennium challenge account, political stability, transparency

7.

Governance Matters Iii: Governance Indicators for 1996-2002

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 3106
Number of pages: 116 Posted: 18 Jun 2003
Daniel Kaufmann, Aart Kraay and Massimo Mastruzzi
Results for Development, World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG) and World Bank Institute
Downloads 9,773 (778)
Citation 8

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8.

Seize the State, Seize the Day: State Capture, Corruption and Influence in Transition

Number of pages: 45 Posted: 12 Oct 2000
Joel S. Hellman, Geraint Jones and Daniel Kaufmann
World Bank - Governance and Public Sector Reform, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Department of Economics and Results for Development
Downloads 9,045 (887)
Citation 15

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9.

Aggregating Governance Indicators

Number of pages: 42 Posted: 05 Nov 1999
Daniel Kaufmann, Aart Kraay and Pablo Zoido
Results for Development, World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG) and Stanford University - Graduate School of Business
Downloads 8,923 (910)
Citation 190

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10.

Worldwide Governance Indicators Project: Answering the Critics

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 4149
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
Daniel Kaufmann, Aart Kraay and Massimo Mastruzzi
Results for Development, World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG) and World Bank Institute
Downloads 8,133 (1,063)

Abstract:

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Governance Indicators, National Governance, Statistical & Mathematical Sciences, Economic Policy, Institutions and Governance, Public Sector Corruption & Anticorruption Measures

11.

Governance Matters Ii: Updated Indicators for 2000-01

Number of pages: 56 Posted: 28 Jan 2002
Daniel Kaufmann, Aart Kraay and Pablo Zoido
Results for Development, World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG) and Stanford University - Graduate School of Business
Downloads 5,908 (1,852)
Citation 7

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12.

Growth Without Governance

Number of pages: 60 Posted: 20 Jul 2002
Daniel Kaufmann and Aart Kraay
Results for Development and World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)
Downloads 5,222 (2,258)
Citation 9

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13.

Myths and Realities of Governance and Corruption

Number of pages: 18 Posted: 01 Nov 2005
Daniel Kaufmann
Results for Development
Downloads 4,826 (2,631)
Citation 68

Abstract:

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corruption, transparency, governance

14.

Corruption, Governance and Security: Challenges for the Rich Countries and the World

Number of pages: 20 Posted: 18 Oct 2004
Daniel Kaufmann
Results for Development
Downloads 4,568 (2,885)
Citation 53

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Corruption, governance, security, development, ethics, indicators

15.

Measuring Governance, Corruption, and State Capture: How Firms and Bureaucrats Shape the Business Environment in Transition Economies

Number of pages: 62 Posted: 05 Jun 2001
Results for Development, World Bank - Governance and Public Sector Reform, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Department of Economics and London School of Economics and Political Science
Downloads 4,440 (3,047)
Citation 3

Abstract:

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Governance, corruption, state capture, transition economies

16.

Governance Matters V: Aggregate and Individual Governance Indicators for 1996-2005

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 4012
Number of pages: 110 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
Daniel Kaufmann, Aart Kraay and Massimo Mastruzzi
Results for Development, World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG) and World Bank Institute
Downloads 3,982 (3,648)
Citation 6

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Governance Indicators, National Governance, Economic Policy, Institutions and Governance, Statistical&Mathematical Sciences, Scientific Research & Science Parks

17.

Towards Transparency in Finance and Governance

Number of pages: 30 Posted: 19 Mar 2001
Tara Vishwanath and Daniel Kaufmann
World Bank - Economic Development Institute and Results for Development
Downloads 3,040 (5,777)
Citation 12

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financial liberalization, transparency, corruption, governance, banking crisis, asymmetric information, local investors, shocks, bad loans, emerging markets

18.

Rethinking Governance: Empirical Lessons Challenge Orthodoxy

Number of pages: 47 Posted: 02 Jun 2003
Daniel Kaufmann
Results for Development
Downloads 2,486 (7,947)
Citation 33

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governance, empirical analysis, corruption, rule of law, accountability, state capture, public policy, public sector management, transparency, indicators

19.

Transparenting Transparency: Initial Empirics and Policy Applications

Number of pages: 72 Posted: 29 Sep 2005
Daniel Kaufmann and Ana Bellver
Results for Development and World Bank - World Bank Institute (WBI)
Downloads 2,109 (10,363)
Citation 65

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Governance, transparency, accountability

20.
Downloads 2,029 ( 11,067)
Citation 20

Legal Corruption

Number of pages: 43 Posted: 11 Apr 2006
Daniel Kaufmann and Pedro C. Vicente
Results for Development and Nova School of Business and Economics
Downloads 2,012 (11,030)
Citation 16

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Corruption, Lobbying, Influence, Political Economy

Legal Corruption

Economics & Politics, Vol. 23, Issue 2, pp. 195-219, 2011
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 20 Jun 2011
Daniel Kaufmann and Pedro C. Vicente
Results for Development and Nova School of Business and Economics
Downloads 17 (751,663)
Citation 2

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21.

Corruption, Public Finances, and the Unofficial Economy

Number of pages: 51 Posted: 25 Feb 2000
Simon Johnson, Daniel Kaufmann and Pablo Zoido
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Entrepreneurship Center, Results for Development and Stanford University - Graduate School of Business
Downloads 1,745 (14,087)
Citation 1

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22.

Far from Home: Do Foreign Investors Import Higher Standards of Governance in Transition Economies?

Number of pages: 28 Posted: 12 May 2003
Joel S. Hellman, Geraint Jones and Daniel Kaufmann
World Bank - Governance and Public Sector Reform, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Department of Economics and Results for Development
Downloads 1,512 (17,546)
Citation 37

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foreign direct investment, FDI, kickbacks, state capture, bribery, corporate governance, corruption, governance, transition economies

Dodging the Grabbing Hand: The Determinants of Unofficial Activity in 69 Countries

Conference Paper, The Nobel Symposium in Economics - The Economics of Transition, Stockholm, September 1999
Number of pages: 47 Posted: 17 Nov 1999
Eric Friedman, Simon Johnson, Daniel Kaufmann and Pablo Zoido
Cornell University - Operations Research & Industrial Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Entrepreneurship Center, Results for Development and Stanford University - Graduate School of Business
Downloads 1,243 (23,140)
Citation 38

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Dodging the Grabbing Hand: The Determinants of Unofficial Activity in 69 Countries

Posted: 02 Sep 2001
Eric Friedman, Simon Johnson, Daniel Kaufmann and Pablo Zoido
Cornell University - Operations Research & Industrial Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Entrepreneurship Center, Results for Development and Stanford University - Graduate School of Business

Abstract:

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24.

Transparency, Liberalization, and Financial Crisis

Number of pages: 32 Posted: 27 Mar 2001
Gil Mehrez and Daniel Kaufmann
International Monetary Fund (IMF) and Results for Development
Downloads 1,141 (26,625)

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25.

The Firms Speak: What the World Business Environment Survey Tells Us About Constraints on Private Sector Development

Number of pages: 25 Posted: 11 May 2004
Geeta Batra, Daniel Kaufmann and Andrew H. W. Stone
affiliation not provided to SSRN, Results for Development and World Bank - Private Sector Advisory Services Department
Downloads 1,112 (27,688)
Citation 13

Abstract:

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Business Environment , Survey, Business Constraints, Private Sector Development, Investment Climate, Governance, Corruption, Capture

26.

The Inequality of Influence

Number of pages: 38 Posted: 12 May 2003
Joel S. Hellman and Daniel Kaufmann
World Bank - Governance and Public Sector Reform and Results for Development
Downloads 1,091 (28,423)
Citation 23

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transition economies, crony bias, bribery, corruption, governance, tax compliance, courts, property rights, public institutions

Governance Indicators: Where are We, Where Should We Be Going?

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 4370
Number of pages: 45 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
Daniel Kaufmann and Aart Kraay
Results for Development and World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)
Downloads 846 (40,123)
Citation 2

Abstract:

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Governance Indicators, National Governance, Public Sector Corruption & Anticorruption Measures, Economic Policy, Institutions and Governance, Banks & Banking Reform

Governance Indicators: Where are We, Where Should We Be Going?

The World Bank Research Observer, Vol. 23, No. 1, pp. 1-30, 2008
Posted: 07 Jul 2008
Daniel Kaufmann and Aart Kraay
Results for Development and World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)

Abstract:

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H1, O17

28.

Voice or Public Sector Management? An Empirical Investigation of Determinants of Public Sector Performance Based on a Survey of Public Officials

June 2002
Number of pages: 45 Posted: 20 Jul 2002
Daniel Kaufmann, Gil Mehrez and Tugrul Gurgur
Results for Development, International Monetary Fund (IMF) and Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey
Downloads 833 (41,552)
Citation 12

Abstract:

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Governance, corruption, public officials, policy, public sector management

29.

Does Grease Money Speed Up the Wheels of Commerce?

Number of pages: 20 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
Daniel Kaufmann and Shang-Jin Wei
Results for Development and Columbia University - Columbia Business School, Finance
Downloads 775 (45,750)
Citation 1

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30.

Governance and the City: An Empirical Exploration into Global Determinants of Urban Performance

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 3712
Number of pages: 40 Posted: 23 Sep 2005
Daniel Kaufmann, Frannie Leautier and Massimo Mastruzzi
Results for Development, World Bank Institute and World Bank Institute
Downloads 730 (49,563)
Citation 1

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Governance, city governance, expirical exploration, global determinants, urban, performance

31.

Integrating the Unofficial Economy into the Dynamics of Post-Socialist Economies: A Framework of Analysis and Evidence

Number of pages: 52 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
Daniel Kaufmann and Aleksander Kaliberda
Results for Development and World Bank - Europe and Central Asia Region
Downloads 714 (51,039)
Citation 1

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32.

Governance Indicators, Aid Allocation and Millennium Challenge Account

Number of pages: 15 Posted: 05 May 2004
Daniel Kaufmann and Aart Kraay
Results for Development and World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)
Downloads 635 (59,423)
Citation 6

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Millennium Challenge Account, MCA, Aid Effectiveness, Aid Allocation, Governance Indicators, Governance Data, Corruption

How Does Bribery Affect Public Service Delivery? Micro-Evidence from Service Users and Public Officials in Peru

Number of pages: 39 Posted: 27 Jan 2006
Results for Development, La CaixaAutonomous University of Barcelona - Department of Business Economics and World Bank InstituteWorld Bank - Global Governance Group
Downloads 358 (117,729)
Citation 2

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Governance, Institutions, Public Service Delivery, Corruption

How Does Bribery Affect Public Service Delivery? Micro-Evidence from Service Users and Public Officials in Peru

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 4492
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
Results for Development, La CaixaAutonomous University of Barcelona - Department of Business Economics and World Bank InstituteWorld Bank - Global Governance Group
Downloads 272 (157,038)

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Governance Indicators, Public Sector Corruption & Anticorruption Measures, National Governance, Public Sector Management and Reform, Public Sector Economics & Finance

34.

Who Bribes in Public Contracting and Why: Worldwide Evidence from Firms

Number of pages: 44 Posted: 29 Mar 2010 Last Revised: 06 Dec 2011
Anna D'Souza and Daniel Kaufmann
School of Public Affairs, Baruch College, CUNY and Results for Development
Downloads 513 (77,753)
Citation 4

Abstract:

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governance, corruption, bribery, public contracting, public procurement

35.

Governance Redux: The Empirical Challenge

Number of pages: 40 Posted: 07 May 2004
Daniel Kaufmann
Results for Development
Downloads 513 (77,753)
Citation 27

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Governance, Competitiveness, Corruption, Business Survey, Influence,

36.

Politics and Entrepreneurship in Transition Economies

Number of pages: 71 Posted: 09 Apr 2008
Simon Johnson, Daniel Kaufmann and Andrei Shleifer
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Entrepreneurship Center, Results for Development and Harvard University - Department of Economics
Downloads 498 (80,661)
Citation 7

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Predicting Currency Fluctuations and Crises: Do Resident Firms Have an Informational Advantage?

Number of pages: 33 Posted: 15 Nov 1999
Daniel Kaufmann, Gil Mehrez and Sergio L. Schmukler
Results for Development, International Monetary Fund (IMF) and World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)
Downloads 369 (113,436)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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Predicting Currency Fluctuations and Crises: Do Resident Firms Have an Informational Advantage?

Number of pages: 33 Posted: 15 Jan 2004
Daniel Kaufmann, Gil Mehrez and Sergio L. Schmukler
Results for Development, International Monetary Fund (IMF) and World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)
Downloads 125 (312,343)

Abstract:

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Expectations, asymmetric information, local investors, financial crises, exchange rates fluctuations, prediction, survey

38.

Regulatory Discretion and the Unofficial Economy

American Economic Review, Vol. 88, No. 2, 1998
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 05 Apr 2008
Simon Johnson, Daniel Kaufmann and Pablo Zoido
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Entrepreneurship Center, Results for Development and Stanford University - Graduate School of Business
Downloads 477 (84,888)
Citation 59

Abstract:

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39.
Downloads 435 ( 94,602)
Citation 48

Does 'Grease Money' Speed Up the Wheels of Commerce?

IMF Working Paper No. 00/64
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 13 Feb 2006
Daniel Kaufmann and Shang-Jin Wei
Results for Development and Columbia University - Columbia Business School, Finance
Downloads 266 (160,662)
Citation 10

Abstract:

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Bribery, corruption, red tape, speed money, grease payment

Does "Grease Money" Speed Up the Wheels of Commerce?

NBER Working Paper No. w7093
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 19 May 1999 Last Revised: 21 May 2022
Daniel Kaufmann and Shang-Jin Wei
Results for Development and Columbia University - Columbia Business School, Finance
Downloads 169 (245,214)

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40.

Sustained Macroeconomic Reforms, Tepid Growth: A Governance Puzzle in Bolivia?

Number of pages: 53 Posted: 13 Nov 2002
Daniel Kaufmann, Massimo Mastruzzi and Diego Zavaleta
Results for Development, World Bank Institute and affiliation not provided to SSRN
Downloads 408 (101,870)
Citation 8

Abstract:

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Governance, corruption, indicators, firms, Bolivia

41.

Governance and Returns on Investment: An Empirical Investigation

Number of pages: 52 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
Jonathan Isham, Daniel Kaufmann and Lant Pritchett
Middlebury College - Department of Economics, Results for Development and Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS)
Downloads 402 (103,627)

Abstract:

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42.

On Measuring Governance: Framing Issues for Debate

Number of pages: 8 Posted: 07 Feb 2007
Daniel Kaufmann and Aart Kraay
Results for Development and World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)
Downloads 371 (113,513)
Citation 9

Abstract:

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Governance, Corruption, Indicators

43.

Barter in Transition Economies: Competing Explanations Confront Ukrainian Data

Number of pages: 39 Posted: 10 Jun 2000
Dalia Marin, Daniel Kaufmann and Bogdan Gorochowskij
Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich (LMU) - Faculty of Economics, Results for Development and Humboldt University of Berlin
Downloads 323 (132,067)
Citation 9

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contract enforcement in transition, banking failure, trade credit, virtual economy, arrears

44.

The Macroeconomics of Delayed Exchange-Rate Unification: Theory and Evidence from Tanzania

Number of pages: 38 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
Daniel Kaufmann and Stephen A. O'Connell
Results for Development and Swarthmore College - Economics Department
Downloads 160 (256,483)

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45.

Good Countries or Good Projects? Macro and Micro Correlates of World Bank Project Performance

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 5646
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
Cevdet Denizer, Daniel Kaufmann and Aart Kraay
Center for Economics and Econometrics, Results for Development and World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)
Downloads 158 (259,161)
Citation 6

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Housing & Human Habitats, Poverty Monitoring & Analysis, Banks & Banking Reform, Economic Theory & Research, Country Strategy & Performance

46.

Civil Liberties, Democracy, and the Performance of Government Projects

World Bank Economic Review, Vol. 11, No. 2, pp. 219-242, May 1997
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 05 Apr 2008
Jonathan Isham, Daniel Kaufmann and Lant Pritchett
Middlebury College - Department of Economics, Results for Development and Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS)
Downloads 156 (261,860)
Citation 3

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47.

The Forgotten Rationale for Policy Reform: The Productivity of Investment Projects

Number of pages: 44 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
Jonathan Isham and Daniel Kaufmann
Middlebury College - Department of Economics and Results for Development
Downloads 123 (314,718)
Citation 4

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48.

Social Networks in Transition

William Davidson Institute Working Paper No. 102
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 06 Apr 2008
Lorena G. Barberia, Simon Johnson and Daniel Kaufmann
University of Sao Paulo (USP), Department of Political Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Entrepreneurship Center and Results for Development
Downloads 113 (334,097)
Citation 21

Abstract:

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49.

Macroeconomic Policies and Project Performance in the Social Sectors: A Model of Human Capital Production and Evidence from LDCS

World Development, Vol. 23, No. 5, pp. 751-765, May 1995
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 07 Apr 2008
Daniel Kaufmann and Yan Wang
Results for Development and Cornell University
Downloads 106 (349,022)

Abstract:

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50.

The Consumption Benefits of Investment in Infrastructure: The Evaluation of Sites-and-Services Programs in Underdeveloped Countries

Journal of Development Economics, Vol. 25 No. 2, pp. 263-284, April 1987
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 07 Apr 2008
Daniel Kaufmann and John M. Quigley
Results for Development and University of California, Berkeley, College of Letters & Science, Department of Economics (Deceased)
Downloads 105 (351,271)

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51.

A Model of Income Transfers for the Urban Poor

Journal of Development Economics, Vol. 22, No. 2, pp. 337-350, July 1986
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 07 Apr 2008
Daniel Kaufmann and David L. Lindauer
Results for Development and Wellesley College - Department of Economics
Downloads 96 (372,228)
Citation 1

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52.

The Quality of Growth

Thomas, Vinod., Mansoor Dailami, Ashok Dhareshwar, Ramon E. López, Daniel Kaufmann, Nalin Kishor, and Yan Wang. 2000. The Quality of Growth. New York: Oxford University Press.
Posted: 27 Jun 2017
World Bank - Brazil, World Bank, Indian Institute of Management (IIM), Calcutta, Results for Development, World Bank Institute - Environment and Natural Resources Program (WBIEN), University of Maryland - Department of Agricultural & Resource Economics and Cornell University

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growth, welfare, distribution, sustainability, and governance

53.

Governance Matters Iii: Governance Indicators for 1996, 1998, 2000, and 2002

The World Bank Economic Review, Vol. 18, Issue 2, pp. 253-287, 2004
Posted: 29 Feb 2008
Daniel Kaufmann, Aart Kraay and Massimo Mastruzzi
Results for Development, World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG) and World Bank Institute

Abstract:

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Chemical intolerance, environment, environmentalintolerance, hypersensitivity, MCS, multiple chemicalsensitivity, olfaction, unexplained symptoms

54.

Toward Transparency: New Approaches and Their Application to Financial Markets

World Bank Research Observer, Vol. 16, No. 1, pp. 41-57, 2001
Posted: 29 Feb 2008
Daniel Kaufmann and Tara Vishwanath
Results for Development and World Bank - Economic Development Institute

Abstract:

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Why Do Firms Hide? Bribes and Unofficial Activity after Communism

Conference Paper, The Nobel Symposium in Economics - The Economics of Transition, Stockholm, September 1999
Posted: 19 Nov 1999
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Entrepreneurship Center, Results for Development, CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute) and University of California, San Diego (UCSD) - Graduate School of International Relations and Pacific Studies (IRPS)

Abstract:

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Why Do Firms Hide? Bribes and Unofficial Activity after Communism

Posted: 04 Oct 2001
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Entrepreneurship Center, Results for Development, CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute) and University of California, San Diego (UCSD) - Graduate School of International Relations and Pacific Studies (IRPS)

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Corruption, taxation, legal system, unofficial economy