Nicholas Tsagourias

University of Sheffield - Faculty of Law

Professor of International Law

Bartolome House

Sheffield , S3 7ND

United Kingdom

http://https://www.shef.ac.uk/law/staff/academic/ntsagourias

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

16

DOWNLOADS
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6,462

SSRN CITATIONS
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Top 43,527

in Total Papers Citations

5

CROSSREF CITATIONS

11

Scholarly Papers (16)

1.

Cyber Attacks, Self-Defence and the Problem of Attribution

Journal of Conflict & Security Law (2012), Vol. 17 No. 2, 229–244
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 15 Dec 2014
Nicholas Tsagourias
University of Sheffield - Faculty of Law
Downloads 1,311 (22,702)
Citation 3

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Cyber attack, self-defence, attribution, use of force, attribution standards

2.

Non-State Actors and the Use of Force

PARTICIPANTS IN THE INTERNATIONAL LEGAL SYSTEM: MULTIPLE PERSPECTIVES ON NON-STATE ACTORS IN INTERNATIONAL LAW, J. d'Aspremont, ed., Routledge, 2011
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 02 Jun 2011 Last Revised: 13 Jun 2011
Nicholas Tsagourias
University of Sheffield - Faculty of Law
Downloads 1,099 (29,446)
Citation 1

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non-state actors, use of force, self-defence, reprisals, United Nations

3.

The Prohibition of Threats of Force

Research Handbook on International Conflict and Security Law, Nigel White, Christian Henderson, eds., Elgar, 2012
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 03 Jun 2012
Nicholas Tsagourias
University of Sheffield - Faculty of Law
Downloads 989 (34,174)

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threat of force, use of force, defensive threats, UN threats

4.

Electoral Cyber Interference, Self-Determination and the Principle of Non-Intervention in Cyberspace

Number of pages: 28 Posted: 20 Aug 2019 Last Revised: 03 Sep 2019
Nicholas Tsagourias
University of Sheffield - Faculty of Law
Downloads 596 (67,267)
Citation 3

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intervention, elections, interference, self-determination, coercion, control

5.

The Responsibility of International Organisations for Military Missions

INTERNATIONAL MILITARY MISSIONS AND INTERNATIONAL LAW, M. Odello and R. Piotrowicz, eds., Brill, 2011
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 02 Jun 2011
Nicholas Tsagourias
University of Sheffield - Faculty of Law
Downloads 541 (75,864)

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United Nations, peacekeeping, authorised operations, responsibility, necessity, consent, self-defence, NATO, multiple responsibility

6.

The Tallinn Manual on the International Law Applicable to Cyber Warfare: A Commentary on Chapter II — The Use of Force

Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law, Volume 15, 2012
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 16 Dec 2014
Nicholas Tsagourias
University of Sheffield - Faculty of Law
Downloads 390 (111,805)
Citation 1

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Jus ad bellum, use of force, Tallinn Manual, cyber warfare, self-defence, UN Security Council

7.

Self-Defence Against Non-State Actors: The Interaction between Self-Defence as a Primary Rule and Self-Defence as a Secondary Rule

29 (3) Leiden Journal of International Law, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 12 May 2016
Nicholas Tsagourias
University of Sheffield - Faculty of Law
Downloads 328 (135,330)

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self-defence, non-state actors, ISIL, attribution, ‘unable or unwilling’ substantial involvement, circumstances precluding wrongfulness

8.

Consent, Neutrality/Impartiality and Self-Defence in Peacekeeping: Their Constitutional Dimension

Journal of Conflict and Security Law, Vol. 11, No. 3, pp. 465-482, 2006
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 02 Jun 2011
Nicholas Tsagourias
University of Sheffield - Faculty of Law
Downloads 319 (139,305)

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peacekeeping, consent, neutrality, impartiality, self-defence

9.

Law, Borders and the Territorialisation of Cyberspace

Forthcoming, Indonesian Journal of International Law, 2018
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 02 Aug 2018
Nicholas Tsagourias
University of Sheffield - Faculty of Law
Downloads 200 (220,372)

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borders, territory, state sovereignty, international law, cyberspace, cyberzones.

10.

The Law Applicable to Countermeasures Against Low-Intensity Cyber Operations

Baltic Yearbook of International Law, Volume 14, Brill, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 07 Dec 2014
Nicholas Tsagourias
University of Sheffield - Faculty of Law
Downloads 174 (248,649)

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countermeasures, reprisals, attribution, non-state actors, proportionality, third parties

11.

Non-State Actors, Ungoverned Spaces and International Responsibility for Cyber Acts

Tsagourias, N. (2016) Non-state actors, ungoverned spaces and international responsibility for cyber acts, Journal of Conflict and Security Law, 21 (3). pp. 455-474
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 19 Sep 2018
Nicholas Tsagourias
University of Sheffield - Faculty of Law
Downloads 146 (287,350)

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Responsibility, Non-State Actors, Ungoverned Spaces, Virtual Groups, Legal Personality, Attribution, Implementation of Responsibility

12.

Self-Defence, Protection of Humanitarian Values and the Doctrine of Impartiality and Neutrality in Enforcement Mandates

Marc Weller (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of the Use of Force in International law (OUP 2015)
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 16 Dec 2014
Nicholas Tsagourias
University of Sheffield - Faculty of Law
Downloads 130 (314,366)

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Consent, neutrality, impartiality, use of force, United Nations, peacekeeping operations, self-defence, responsibility to protect, protection of civilians

13.

Cyber-Peacekeeping and International Law

Nicholas Tsagourias and Russell Buchan, Research Handbook on International Law and Cyberspace, 2nd ed, Elgar, 2021
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 02 Jul 2021
Nicholas Tsagourias and Giacomo Biggio
University of Sheffield - Faculty of Law and Independent
Downloads 94 (392,593)

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cyber-peacekeeping, monitoring, reporting, consent, impartiality, self-defence, armed conflict, combatants, civilians, direct participation in hostilities, reforms

14.

Necessity and the Use of Force: A Special Regime

Netherlands Yearbook of International Law, Volume 41, 2010
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 16 Dec 2014
Nicholas Tsagourias
University of Sheffield - Faculty of Law
Downloads 89 (406,204)

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Use of force, necessity, self-defence, Pre-emptive and preventive self-defence, Humanitarian intervention, Protection of national abroad, United Nations enforcement action, Customary law, International responsibility, Circumstances precluding wrongfulness, Justifications

15.

The League of Nations and Visions of World Order

International Community Law Review 2020
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 02 Jul 2021
Nicholas Tsagourias
University of Sheffield - Faculty of Law
Downloads 33 (637,990)

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League of Nations, word order, governance, international organisation, collective security, international law, peace

16.

Autonomous Cyber Weapons and Command Responsibility

International Law Studies 2020
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 02 Jul 2021
Nicholas Tsagourias and Russell Buchan
University of Sheffield - Faculty of Law and University of Sheffield
Downloads 23 (709,576)

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autonomous weapons, command responsibility, superior-subordinate relationship, duty to prevent and punish, knowledge, causality