Nicholas Tsagourias

University of Sheffield - Faculty of Law

Professor of International Law

Crookesmoor Building, Conduit Road

Sheffield S10 1FL

United Kingdom

http://https://www.shef.ac.uk/law/staff/academic/ntsagourias

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

12

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Scholarly Papers (12)

1.

Non-State Actors and the Use of Force

PARTICIPANTS IN THE INTERNATIONAL LEGAL SYSTEM: MULTIPLE PERSPECTIVES ON NON-STATE ACTORS IN INTERNATIONAL LAW, J. d'Aspremont, ed., Routledge, 2011
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 02 Jun 2011 Last Revised: 13 Jun 2011
Nicholas Tsagourias
University of Sheffield - Faculty of Law
Downloads 881 (24,726)

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non-state actors, use of force, self-defence, reprisals, United Nations

2.

Cyber Attacks, Self-Defence and the Problem of Attribution

Journal of Conflict & Security Law (2012), Vol. 17 No. 2, 229–244
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 15 Dec 2014
Nicholas Tsagourias
University of Sheffield - Faculty of Law
Downloads 552 (46,672)

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Cyber attack, self-defence, attribution, use of force, attribution standards

3.

The Prohibition of Threats of Force

Research Handbook on International Conflict and Security Law, Nigel White, Christian Henderson, eds., Elgar, 2012
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 03 Jun 2012
Nicholas Tsagourias
University of Sheffield - Faculty of Law
Downloads 513 (51,121)

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threat of force, use of force, defensive threats, UN threats

4.

The Responsibility of International Organisations for Military Missions

INTERNATIONAL MILITARY MISSIONS AND INTERNATIONAL LAW, M. Odello and R. Piotrowicz, eds., Brill, 2011
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 02 Jun 2011
Nicholas Tsagourias
University of Sheffield - Faculty of Law
Downloads 480 (55,564)

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United Nations, peacekeeping, authorised operations, responsibility, necessity, consent, self-defence, NATO, multiple responsibility

5.

Self-Defence Against Non-State Actors: The Interaction between Self-Defence as a Primary Rule and Self-Defence as a Secondary Rule

29 (3) Leiden Journal of International Law, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 12 May 2016
Nicholas Tsagourias
University of Sheffield - Faculty of Law
Downloads 278 (104,643)

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self-defence, non-state actors, ISIL, attribution, ‘unable or unwilling’ substantial involvement, circumstances precluding wrongfulness

6.

The Tallinn Manual on the International Law Applicable to Cyber Warfare: A Commentary on Chapter II — The Use of Force

Yearbook of International Humanitarian Law, Volume 15, 2012
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 16 Dec 2014
Nicholas Tsagourias
University of Sheffield - Faculty of Law
Downloads 268 (108,798)

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Jus ad bellum, use of force, Tallinn Manual, cyber warfare, self-defence, UN Security Council

7.

Consent, Neutrality/Impartiality and Self-Defence in Peacekeeping: Their Constitutional Dimension

Journal of Conflict and Security Law, Vol. 11, No. 3, pp. 465-482, 2006
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 02 Jun 2011
Nicholas Tsagourias
University of Sheffield - Faculty of Law
Downloads 249 (117,456)

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peacekeeping, consent, neutrality, impartiality, self-defence

8.

The Law Applicable to Countermeasures Against Low-Intensity Cyber Operations

Baltic Yearbook of International Law, Volume 14, Brill, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 07 Dec 2014
Nicholas Tsagourias
University of Sheffield - Faculty of Law
Downloads 117 (227,766)

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countermeasures, reprisals, attribution, non-state actors, proportionality, third parties

9.

Self-Defence, Protection of Humanitarian Values and the Doctrine of Impartiality and Neutrality in Enforcement Mandates

Marc Weller (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of the Use of Force in International law (OUP 2015)
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 16 Dec 2014
Nicholas Tsagourias
University of Sheffield - Faculty of Law
Downloads 104 (247,683)

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Consent, neutrality, impartiality, use of force, United Nations, peacekeeping operations, self-defence, responsibility to protect, protection of civilians

10.

Law, Borders and the Territorialisation of Cyberspace

Forthcoming, Indonesian Journal of International Law, 2018
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 02 Aug 2018
Nicholas Tsagourias
University of Sheffield - Faculty of Law
Downloads 62 (336,859)

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borders, territory, state sovereignty, international law, cyberspace, cyberzones.

11.

Necessity and the Use of Force: A Special Regime

Netherlands Yearbook of International Law, Volume 41, 2010
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 16 Dec 2014
Nicholas Tsagourias
University of Sheffield - Faculty of Law
Downloads 59 (345,064)

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Use of force, necessity, self-defence, Pre-emptive and preventive self-defence, Humanitarian intervention, Protection of national abroad, United Nations enforcement action, Customary law, International responsibility, Circumstances precluding wrongfulness, Justifications

12.

Non-State Actors, Ungoverned Spaces and International Responsibility for Cyber Acts

Tsagourias, N. (2016) Non-state actors, ungoverned spaces and international responsibility for cyber acts, Journal of Conflict and Security Law, 21 (3). pp. 455-474
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 19 Sep 2018
Nicholas Tsagourias
University of Sheffield - Faculty of Law
Downloads 7 (573,833)

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Responsibility, Non-State Actors, Ungoverned Spaces, Virtual Groups, Legal Personality, Attribution, Implementation of Responsibility