Kevin Tobia

Georgetown University Law Center

Associate Professor of Law

600 New Jersey Avenue, NW

Washington, DC 20001

United States

http://www.law.georgetown.edu/faculty/kevin-tobia/

Georgetown University - Department of Philosophy

Affiliated Faculty

37th and O Streets, N.W.

Washington, DC 20007

United States

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

47

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SSRN CITATIONS
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Top 15,250

in Total Papers Citations

84

CROSSREF CITATIONS

7

Scholarly Papers (47)

1.

Personal Identity

Oxford Handbook of Moral Psychology (Oxford University Press, Manuel Vargas and John Doris eds., 2022)
Number of pages: 54 Posted: 12 Jul 2018 Last Revised: 15 Mar 2022
David Shoemaker and Kevin Tobia
Independent and Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 5,895 (2,464)
Citation 1

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personal identity, the self, Psychological View, animalism, Anthropological View, humanism, moral psychology

2.

What Do Law Professors Believe about Law and the Legal Academy?

Georgetown Law Journal, Vol. 112, 111-189 (2023)
Number of pages: 79 Posted: 08 Aug 2022 Last Revised: 27 Jan 2024
Eric Martínez and Kevin Tobia
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 2,133 (13,215)
Citation 4

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legal philosophy, legal theory, legal education, expertise

3.

Moral Intuitions: Are Philosophers Experts?

Philosophical Psychology, 26(5): 629-638
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 06 Sep 2011 Last Revised: 27 Nov 2013
Kevin Tobia, Wesley Buckwalter and Stephen Stich
Georgetown University Law Center, University of Waterloo - Department of Philosophy and Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey
Downloads 1,695 (18,919)
Citation 8

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intuition, expertise defense, actor-observer bias

4.

Experimental Jurisprudence

89 University of Chicago Law Review 735 (2022)
Number of pages: 68 Posted: 11 May 2022 Last Revised: 13 Dec 2023
Kevin Tobia
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 1,581 (21,017)
Citation 3

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experimental jurisprudence, experimental philosophy, legal theory, legal philosophy, jurisprudence

5.

Testing Ordinary Meaning

Harvard Law Review, Vol. 134, 2020
Number of pages: 80 Posted: 06 Nov 2018 Last Revised: 18 Dec 2020
Kevin Tobia
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 1,513 (22,541)
Citation 10

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legal interpretation, law and language, contracts, statutory interpretation, legal theory, legal philosophy, experimental jurisprudence, empirical legal studies, formalism, textualism, dictionaries, corpus linguistics

6.

Textualism's Defining Moment

Columbia Law Review, Vol. 123, 1611-1698 (2023), Yale Law School, Public Law Research Paper
Number of pages: 88 Posted: 22 Dec 2022 Last Revised: 13 Dec 2023
Yale University - Law School, Florida State University, College of Law and Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 1,430 (24,544)
Citation 1

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textualism, ordinary meaning, Supreme Court, statutory interpretation

7.

Having Your Day in Robot Court

Harvard Journal of Law & Technology, Vol 36 (2022), UCLA School of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 21-20, University of Hong Kong Faculty of Law Research Paper No. 2021/020
Number of pages: 43 Posted: 10 May 2021 Last Revised: 13 Dec 2023
The University of Hong Kong - Faculty of Law, ETH Zurich and Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 1,008 (40,678)
Citation 1

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artificial intelligence, procedural justice, courts, judges, algorithms

8.

Experimental Philosophy and the Philosophical Tradition

Blackwell Companion to Experimental Philosophy, edited by Wesley Buckwalter & Justin Sytsma (2016)
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 31 Dec 2014 Last Revised: 04 Mar 2020
Stephen Stich and Kevin Tobia
Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey and Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 867 (50,195)

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experimental philosophy

9.

Statutory Interpretation from the Outside

122 Columbia Law Review 213 (2022)
Number of pages: 118 Posted: 05 Apr 2021 Last Revised: 08 Apr 2023
Kevin Tobia, Brian G. Slocum and Victoria Nourse
Georgetown University Law Center, Florida State University, College of Law and Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 847 (51,861)

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ordinary meaning, legislation, statutory interpretation, experimental jurisprudence, textualism

10.

Major Questions, Common Sense?

University of Southern California Law Review, Vol. 97, Forthcoming, Texas A&M University School of Law Legal Studies Research Paper No. 23-60
Number of pages: 63 Posted: 29 Jul 2023 Last Revised: 08 Nov 2023
Georgetown University Law Center, Texas A&M University School of Law and Florida State University, College of Law
Downloads 844 (52,133)

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textualism, interpretation, ordinary meaning, statutory interpretation, Supreme Court, major questions doctrine, jurisprudence

11.

The Linguistic and Substantive Canons

Harvard Law Review Forum, Vol. 137, pp. 70-108 (2023)
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 19 Aug 2022 Last Revised: 26 Dec 2023
Brian G. Slocum and Kevin Tobia
Florida State University, College of Law and Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 789 (56,987)

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textualism, interpretation, ordinary meaning, canons, Supreme Court

12.

Ordinary Meaning and Ordinary People

University of Pennsylvania Law Review, Vol. 171, 365-468 (2023)
Number of pages: 94 Posted: 04 Mar 2022 Last Revised: 13 Dec 2023
Kevin Tobia, Brian G. Slocum and Victoria Nourse
Georgetown University Law Center, Florida State University, College of Law and Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 767 (59,253)
Citation 2

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legal interpretation, textualism, ordinary meaning, experimental jurisprudence

13.

How People Judge What Is Reasonable

Alabama Law Review, Vol. 70, 293-359 (2018)
Number of pages: 67 Posted: 03 Feb 2018 Last Revised: 19 Dec 2018
Kevin Tobia
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 758 (60,241)
Citation 11

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reasonable, reasonableness, reasonable person, legal theory, negligence, tort

14.

Unmasking Textualism: Linguistic Misunderstanding in the Transit Mask Order Case and Beyond

Columbia Law Review Forum, Volume 122: 192-213 (2022)
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 06 May 2022 Last Revised: 02 Feb 2023
University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB) - Department of Linguistics, Georgetown University, Department of Computer Science, Georgetown University, Florida State University, College of Law and Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 739 (62,246)
Citation 1

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ordinary meaning, textualism, statutory interpretation, mask order, COVID-19

15.

The Folk Theory of Well-Being

forthcoming in Oxford Studies in Experimental Philosophy, Volume 5, U of Chicago, Public Law Working Paper No. 795
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 29 Jun 2022 Last Revised: 06 Aug 2022
Loyola University Chicago School of Law, University of Chicago, University of Chicago - Law School and Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 673 (70,266)
Citation 2

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well-being, happiness, hedonism, preferentism, good life

16.

Legal Concepts and Legal Expertise

Synthese (forthcoming)
Number of pages: 48 Posted: 06 Apr 2020 Last Revised: 01 Jun 2023
Kevin Tobia
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 524 (96,165)
Citation 1

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legal theory, jurisprudence, torts, intentional action, experimental philosophy, experimental jurisprudence

17.

Law and the Cognitive Science of Ordinary Concepts

Law and Mind: A Survey of Law and the Cognitive Sciences (Cambridge University Press, 2021)
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 26 Mar 2020 Last Revised: 20 Apr 2021
Kevin Tobia
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 502 (101,281)
Citation 8

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experimental philosophy, experimental jurisprudence, law, psychology, concepts, philosophy

18.

Review of 'Moral Tribes: Emotion, Reason, and the Gap between Us and Them' by Joshua Greene

Philosophical Psychology (2013)
Number of pages: 4 Posted: 29 Nov 2013 Last Revised: 15 Mar 2022
Kevin Tobia
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 473 (108,861)

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19.

Personal Identity and the Phineas Gage Effect

Analysis, Vol. 75 (2015)
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 20 May 2015 Last Revised: 22 Feb 2021
Kevin Tobia
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 459 (112,785)
Citation 3

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personal identity, Phineas Gage

20.

We're Not All Textualists Now

NYU Annual Survey of American Law, Vol. 78, No. 2, 2023
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 09 Feb 2023
Kevin Tobia
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 449 (115,800)
Citation 1

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Interpretation, Supreme Court, Textualism, Originalism

21.

Triangulating Ordinary Meaning

Georgetown Law Journal Online, Vol. 112, 23-54 (2023), BYU Law Research Paper No. 23-19, Georgetown University Law Center Research Paper No. Forthcoming
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 16 May 2023 Last Revised: 17 Sep 2023
Kevin Tobia, Jesse Egbert and Thomas R. Lee
Georgetown University Law Center, Northern Arizona University and Brigham Young University - J. Reuben Clark Law School
Downloads 398 (133,143)
Citation 1

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textualism, interpretation, ordinary meaning, Supreme Court, corpus linguistics, legal interpretation

22.

Two Types of Empirical Textualism

82 Brooklyn Law Review 461 (2021)
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 15 Dec 2020 Last Revised: 15 Mar 2022
Kevin Tobia and John Mikhail
Georgetown University Law Center and Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 391 (135,802)
Citation 2

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Textualism, Originalism, Bostock, Statutory Interpretation, Legal Interpretation, Experimental Jurisprudence

23.

What is (and was) a Person? Evidence on Historical Mind Perceptions from Natural Language

Cognition (forthcoming)
Number of pages: 51 Posted: 10 Nov 2021 Last Revised: 05 Apr 2023
Elliott Ash, Dominik Stammbach and Kevin Tobia
ETH Zürich, ETH Zürich and Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 372 (143,590)

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dimensions of mind, personhood, person, mind, NLP, agency, patiency, gender

24.

The Corpus and the Courts

University of Chicago Law Review Online (2021)
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 17 Mar 2021
Kevin Tobia
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 349 (153,949)
Citation 1

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25.

Originalism as the New Legal Standard? A Data-Driven Perspective

Georgetown University Law Center Research Paper No. 2023/15
Number of pages: 63 Posted: 13 Sep 2023 Last Revised: 16 Feb 2024
Georgetown University Law Center, Georgetown University Law Center and Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 340 (158,354)

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originalism, empirical legal studies, constitutional law, Supreme Court

26.

Water Is and Is Not H2O

Mind & Language, Volume 35, 183-208 (2020)
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 16 Mar 2017 Last Revised: 15 Mar 2022
Kevin Tobia, George Newman and Joshua Knobe
Georgetown University Law Center, Yale School of Management and Yale University
Downloads 293 (185,501)
Citation 3

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Concepts, essence, essentialism, natural kinds, experimental philosophy, Twin Earth

27.

Progressive Textualism

Georgetown Law Journal 110, 2022 Forthcoming
Number of pages: 57 Posted: 02 Jun 2022
Kevin Tobia, Brian G. Slocum and Victoria Nourse
Georgetown University Law Center, Florida State University, College of Law and Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 274 (198,660)
Citation 2

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textualism, statutory interpretation, ordinary meaning, experimental jurisprudence

28.

Experimental Philosophy's Challenge to the 'Great Tradition'

Analytica: Revista de Filosofia, Volume 20, 9-40 (2016)
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 31 Dec 2014 Last Revised: 15 Mar 2022
Stephen Stich and Kevin Tobia
Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey and Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 233 (233,256)

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experimental philosophy

29.

When Does Physician Use of AI Increase Liability?

62(1) Journal of Nuclear Medicine 17-21 (2021), UCLA School of Law, Law-Econ Research Paper No. 21-01
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 14 Jan 2021
Georgetown University Law Center, ETH Zurich, Center for Law and Economics and ETH Zurich
Downloads 190 (281,475)

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Oncology, Artificial intelligence, liability, precision medicine, experimental jurisprudence

30.

Are There Cross-Cultural Legal Principles? Modal Reasoning Uncovers Procedural Constraints on Law

Cognitive Science, Volume 45 (2021)
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 22 Jun 2021 Last Revised: 15 Mar 2022
Department of Philosophy I, University of Granada, Georgetown University Law Center, Insper, Chicago-Kent College of Law - Illinois Institute of Technology, Independent, University of Zurich - Institute of Philosophy, Independent, Interdisciplinary Centre for Ethics; Jagiellonian University, Independent, University of Silesia in Katowice, Independent, Vilnius University - Faculty of Law, University College London - Department of Experimental Psychology, Affective Brain Lab, Independent, Independent and PUC-Rio
Downloads 169 (311,971)
Citation 6

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31.

Methodology and Innovation in Jurisprudence

Columbia Law Review, Vol. 123, pages 2483-2516 (2023)
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 07 Nov 2023 Last Revised: 12 Dec 2023
Kevin Tobia
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 166 (316,835)

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legal philosophy, methodology, intuition, Elucidating Law, experimental jurisprudence, experimental philosophy

32.

Private Law Theory from an Empirical Perspective

Forthcoming in Thilo Kuntz and Paul B. Miller, eds., Methodology in Private Law Theory (Oxford University Press, Forthcoming)
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 19 Jan 2023
Kevin Tobia
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 162 (323,508)

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private law, reasonable, intent, experimental jurisprudence, private law theory, new private law, legal theory, jurisprudence, legal philosophy, torts

33.

Disparate Statistics

Yale Law Journal, Vol. 126, No. 8, 2017
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 22 May 2017 Last Revised: 26 Jun 2017
Kevin Tobia
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 160 (326,882)

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Disparate Impact, Statistics, Evidence, Significance, Statistical Significance, Practical Significance

34.

Legislative Intent and Acting Intentionally

Advances in Experimental Philosophy of Law (Bloomsbury Press, Stefan Magen & Karolina Prochownik, eds. 2022)
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 14 Apr 2021 Last Revised: 15 Mar 2022
Kevin Tobia
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 156 (334,007)

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experimental jurisprudence, experimental philosophy, legal theory, legal philosophy, jurisprudence, legislative intent, side-effect effect

35.

Experimental Philosophy of the Self as Traditional Philosophy of the Self

Experimental Philosophy of Identity and the Self (Bloomsbury 2022)
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 11 Feb 2022
Kevin Tobia
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 155 (335,845)

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identity, self, persons, personhood, experimental philosophy, methodology, personal identity

36.

Dueling Dictionaries and Clashing Corpora

Duke Law Journal Online (2022)
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 16 Aug 2021 Last Revised: 01 Mar 2022
Kevin Tobia
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 141 (362,417)

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37.

Does Religious Belief Impact Philosophical Analysis?

Religion, Brain & Behavior (2016)
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 19 Dec 2014 Last Revised: 15 Mar 2022
Kevin Tobia
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 134 (377,030)

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intuition, religion, religious belief, ontological argument, modal ontological argument

38.

Legalbench: A Collaboratively Built Benchmark for Measuring Legal Reasoning in Large Language Models

2023 Conference on Neural Information Processing Systems, Datasets and Benchmarks Track
Number of pages: 143 Posted: 06 Dec 2023
Stanford University, Stanford Law School, Stanford Law School, Stanford University, University of Chicago - Law School, Maxime Tools, Stanford University - Department of Management Science & Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford University, Dartmouth College - Department of Mathematics, Stanford University, Maxime Tools, LawBeta, University of California, Santa Barbara, South Texas College of Law Houston, University of Toronto - Faculty of Law, St. Thomas University - School of Law, Harvard University, Harvard Law School, Stanford Law School, Stanford University, Stanford University, University of Bern - Faculty of Science, Stanford University - CodeX - Center for Legal Informatics, University of Minnesota Law School, Georgetown University Law Center, Stanford Legal Design Lab, Stanford University - Stanford Codex Center, University of Virginia School of Law, Maxime Tools, Institut Polytechnique de Paris, University of Toronto, Stanford University, Centre for Refugee Studies, Refugee Law Lab & Osgoode Hall Law School, York University, Harvard University, Casetext, Golden Gate University School of Law, Indiana University Bloomington, Harvard Law School, Independent and Stanford University
Downloads 120 (409,971)
Citation 2

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legal practice, law and technology, large language models, artificial intelligence, empirical legal methods, machine learning

39.

Algorithmic Legal Interpretation

University of Chicago Law Review Online (2024)
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 07 Nov 2023 Last Revised: 20 Feb 2024
Kevin Tobia
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 120 (409,971)

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interpretation, meaning, algorithms, law, text, textualism, word embeddings

40.

Rule Consequentialism and the Problem of Partial Acceptance

Ethical Theory and Moral Practice, 16(3): 643-652, 2013
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 29 Nov 2013
Kevin Tobia
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 115 (423,035)

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41.

Legal Interpretation as Coordination

Cambridge Handbook of Experimental Jurisprudence (forthcoming)
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 19 May 2023 Last Revised: 06 Aug 2023
Interdisciplinary Centre for Ethics; Jagiellonian University, Department of Philosophy I, University of Granada and Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 109 (439,869)

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coordination, expertise, interpretation, purposivism, textualism

42.

Measuring Meta-Interpretation

Journal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics (Forthcoming)
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 19 Sep 2023
Piotr Bystranowski and Kevin Tobia
Interdisciplinary Centre for Ethics; Jagiellonian University and Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 108 (442,838)

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interpretation, meaning, natural language processing, purpose, text, word embeddings

43.

Personal Identity, Direction of Change, and Neuroethics

Tobia, K.P. Personal Identity, Direction of Change, and Neuroethics. Neuroethics 9, 37–43 (2016). DOI:10.1007/s12152-016-9248-9
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 13 Apr 2020
Kevin Tobia
Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 93 (490,521)
Citation 5

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advance directive; deterioration; enhancement; improvement; personal identity; neuroethics; neurodegeneration; Phineas Gage; self

44.

Corpus-Linguistic Approaches to Lexical Statutory Meaning: Extensionalist VS. Intensionalist Approaches

Number of pages: 38 Posted: 03 Oct 2023
University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB) - Department of Linguistics, Florida State University, College of Law and Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 66 (598,262)

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law, corpus linguistics, legal interpretation, semantics, intensionalist, extensionalist

45.

Estimating the Reproducibility of Experimental Philosophy

Cova, F., Strickland, B., Abatista, A. G., Allard, A., Andow, J.,... Zhou, X. (2018). Estimating the reproducibility of experimental philosophy. Review of Philosophy and Psychology.
Number of pages: 57 Posted: 10 Apr 2020
University of Geneva, Yale University - Department of Psychology, affiliation not provided to SSRN, State University of New York (SUNY) - Department of Philosophy, affiliation not provided to SSRN, Harvard College, University of Oxford, Department of Philosophy I, University of Granada, Yale University, University of Pittsburgh - Department of History and Philosophy of Science, Harvard University, affiliation not provided to SSRN, Tilburg University and Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 64 (607,640)
Citation 4

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46.

Experimental Philosophical Bioethics

(2020). Experimental Philosophical Bioethics. AJOB Empirical Bioethics, 11(1), 30-33.
Number of pages: 7 Posted: 08 Feb 2021
University of Oxford, Yale University, University of Oxford, Independent, University of Oxford, affiliation not provided to SSRN, affiliation not provided to SSRN, Department of Philosophy I, University of Granada, Oregon Health and Science University, Yale University, affiliation not provided to SSRN, affiliation not provided to SSRN, affiliation not provided to SSRN, affiliation not provided to SSRN, Yale University - School of Medicine, University of Bucharest, affiliation not provided to SSRN, affiliation not provided to SSRN, University of Oxford - Uehiro Centre for Practical Ethics, Ethox Centre, affiliation not provided to SSRN, Johns Hopkins University, affiliation not provided to SSRN and Georgetown University Law Center
Downloads 53 (665,548)

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47.

Coordination and Expertise Foster Legal Textualism

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 119 (44), e2206531119 (2022)
Number of pages: 8 Posted: 04 May 2023
Department of Philosophy I, University of Granada, Georgetown University Law Center, Insper, PUC-Rio, University of Zurich - Institute of Philosophy, Interdisciplinary Centre for Ethics; Jagiellonian University, Independent, Independent, Yale Law School, Independent, University of Silesia in Katowice, Vilnius University - Faculty of Law, University of Silesia in Katowice, University College London - Department of Experimental Psychology, Affective Brain Lab, University of Silesia in Katowice, Independent, Independent, Independent and Jagiellonian University in Krakow
Downloads 38 (760,896)

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moral judgment, legal decision-making, coordination, textualism, purposivism, text, purpose, experimental jurisprudence, law, morality, rules