Kate Crawford

Microsoft Research

Principal Researcher

641 Avenue of the Americas

641 Avenue of the Americas, level 7

New York, NY NY 10011

United States

MIT Center for Civic Media

Visiting Professor

75 Amherst St

Cambridge, MA 02139

United States

NYU Information Law Institute

Senior Fellow

Wilf Hall

139 MacDougal Street

New York, NY NY 10012

United States



Rank 222


Top 222

in Total Papers Downloads




Scholarly Papers (10)


Six Provocations for Big Data

A Decade in Internet Time: Symposium on the Dynamics of the Internet and Society, September 2011
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 13 Sep 2011 Last Revised: 30 Oct 2012
danah boyd and Kate Crawford
Data & Society Research Institute and Microsoft Research
Downloads 30,795 (22)
Citation 2


Big Data, methodology, sociology, computer science, analysis


Big Data and Due Process: Toward a Framework to Redress Predictive Privacy Harms

Boston College Law Review, Vol. 55, No. 93, 2014, NYU School of Law, Public Law Research Paper No. 13-64, NYU Law and Economics Research Paper No. 13-36
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 17 Sep 2013 Last Revised: 28 Feb 2014
Kate Crawford and Jason Schultz
Microsoft Research and New York University School of Law
Downloads 3,061 (1,667)


big data, privacy, due process


Networks of Governance: Users, Platforms, and the Challenges of Networked Media Regulation

International Journal of Technology Policy and Law, Vol. 2 No. 1 (2013, Forthcoming)
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 09 Apr 2013
Kate Crawford and Catharine Lumby
Microsoft Research and Department of Media, Music, Communication and Cultural Studies, Macquarie University
Downloads 245 (49,499)


network governance, media regulation, platforms, civic media, pluralism


Social Media, Financial Algorithms and the Hack Crash

Forthcoming in Theory Culture & Society (Published online before print May 4, 2015)
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 07 May 2015
Tero Karppi and Kate Crawford
SUNY Buffalo and Microsoft Research
Downloads 211 (47,605)


affect, data, digital, financial markets, Christian Marazzi, new media, Gabriel Tarde, technological culture, time


A Liminal Press: Situating News App Designers within a Field of Networked News Production

Forthcoming in Digital Journalism, doi: 10.1080/21670811.2014.922322
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 13 Jun 2014
Mike Ananny and Kate Crawford
Annenberg School for Communication & Journalism, University of Southern California and Microsoft Research
Downloads 206 (84,724)


Institutions; algorithms; news apps; networked press; technology design


What is a Flag for? Social Media Reporting Tools and the Vocabulary of Complaint

New Media & Society, 2014. doi: 10.1177/1461444814543163
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 07 Aug 2014
Kate Crawford and Tarleton L. Gillespie
Microsoft Research and Cornell University - Department of Communication
Downloads 187 (75,566)


Flagging, platforms, community, Facebook, Twitter, YouTube, norms, speech, public


Exploring or Exploiting? Social and Ethical Implications of Autonomous Experimentation in AI

Workshop on Fairness, Accountability, and Transparency in Machine Learning, 2016
Number of pages: 4 Posted: 04 Oct 2016 Last Revised: 13 Oct 2016
Microsoft Corporation, Cornell University, Microsoft Research, Microsoft Research and Microsoft Research New York City
Downloads 0 (33,377)


Autonomous Experimentation, Artificial Intelligence, Privacy, Ethics


Health and Big Data: An Ethical Framework for Health Information Collection by Corporate Wellness Programs

Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics, Vol. 44, 2016
Number of pages: 7 Posted: 17 Sep 2016
Ifeoma Ajunwa, Kate Crawford and Joel Ford
Cornell University ILR School/Law School, Microsoft Research and Inova Health System
Downloads 0 (100,320)


Wellness, Wellness Programs, Health, Big Data, Data Mining, Health data, HIPAA, Privacy, Employment Discrimination


Where are Human Subjects in Big Data Research? The Emerging Ethics Divide

Big Data and Society, Spring 2016
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 14 May 2016 Last Revised: 20 May 2016
Jacob Metcalf and Kate Crawford
Data & Society Research Institute and Microsoft Research
Downloads 0 (11,483)


data ethics, human subjects, common rule, critical data studies, data subjects, big data


Limitless Worker Surveillance

California Law Review, Vol. 105, No. 3, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 13 Mar 2016 Last Revised: 24 May 2017
Ifeoma Ajunwa, Kate Crawford and Jason Schultz
Cornell University ILR School/Law School, Microsoft Research and New York University School of Law
Downloads 0 (4,083)