Christian Bergqvist

University of Copenhagen - Faculty of Law

Associated professor

Karen Blixens Plads 16

COPENHAGEN, 2300

Denmark

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

40

DOWNLOADS
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Top 8,992

in Total Papers Downloads

9,762

SSRN CITATIONS

3

CROSSREF CITATIONS

2

Scholarly Papers (40)

1.

The Role of State Aid Law in Energy

Handbook of Energy Law, Soliman Hunter, T, Herrera Anchustegui, I, Crossley, P, Álvarez, G (eds), Routledge, 2019 - Forthcoming
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 10 Sep 2019
Ignacio Herrera Anchustegui and Christian Bergqvist
University of Bergen, Faculty of Law and University of Copenhagen - Faculty of Law
Downloads 818 (57,409)

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state aid, energy law, capacity mechanisms, EU law

2.

Discrimination and Self-Favoring in the Digital Economy

Number of pages: 17 Posted: 03 Mar 2020 Last Revised: 23 Jun 2020
Christian Bergqvist
University of Copenhagen - Faculty of Law
Downloads 677 (73,653)

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article 102, self-favoring, abuse, digital economy, platforms

3.

Uses and Abuses of EU Competition Law in Energy

Number of pages: 21 Posted: 08 Feb 2019
Christian Bergqvist and Ignacio Herrera Anchustegui
University of Copenhagen - Faculty of Law and University of Bergen, Faculty of Law
Downloads 622 (81,894)
Citation 1

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4.

When Does Agreements Restrict Competition in EU Competition Law?

Number of pages: 30 Posted: 13 Aug 2020 Last Revised: 15 Jun 2022
Christian Bergqvist
University of Copenhagen - Faculty of Law
Downloads 588 (87,905)
Citation 1

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Anti-Trust; Article 101, Anti-Competitive; EU Competition Law

5.

'I’ll call my Union', said the driver - Collective bargaining of Gig Workers under EU Competition Rules

Copenhagen Business School, CBS LAW Research Paper No. 20-43
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 07 Dec 2020
Central European University (CEU) - Department of Legal Studies, University of Copenhagen - Faculty of Law, University of Copenhagen - Faculty of Law, Department of Law and Governance at BI Norwegian Business School and Indiana University Robert H. McKinney School of Law
Downloads 579 (89,612)
Citation 1

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EU competition law, gig workers, collective bargaining, EU law, EU tax law, EU social security law

6.

Google and the Trans-Atlantic Antitrust Abyss

University of Copenhagen Faculty of Law Research Paper No. 2019-73
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 08 Apr 2019 Last Revised: 05 Jun 2019
Christian Bergqvist and Jonathan Rubin
University of Copenhagen - Faculty of Law and MoginRubin LLP
Downloads 549 (95,837)
Citation 2

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7.

Syndicated loans and competition law

Number of pages: 28 Posted: 01 Jun 2021
Christian Bergqvist
University of Copenhagen - Faculty of Law
Downloads 506 (105,955)

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anti-trust; banking; syndicated loans; article 101

8.

Leveraging Conducts in the Digital Economy: A Competition and Regulatory Perspective

Number of pages: 31 Posted: 07 Jul 2022 Last Revised: 27 Sep 2022
Christian Bergqvist and Elisa Faustinelli
University of Copenhagen - Faculty of Law and Danish Competition and Consumer Authority
Downloads 419 (132,429)

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Big Tech, leverage, abuse, ecosystem, digital economy

9.

Sector Specific Regulation vs. General Competition Law

Number of pages: 12 Posted: 28 Apr 2013
Christian Bergqvist
University of Copenhagen - Faculty of Law
Downloads 397 (140,929)
Citation 1

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10.

A Single and Continuous Infringement

Number of pages: 22 Posted: 15 Nov 2021
Christian Bergqvist
University of Copenhagen - Faculty of Law
Downloads 363 (155,670)

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Article 101, A single and continuous infringement, Complex cartels

11.

Discriminatory Abuse – The Missing Link in the More Effect Based Approach

ECLR No 40 (3), 2019, University of Copenhagen Faculty of Law Research Paper No. 2020-90
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 09 Dec 2019 Last Revised: 27 Feb 2020
Christian Bergqvist
University of Copenhagen - Faculty of Law
Downloads 292 (196,256)

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article 102; discriminatory abuse; effect based approach

12.

Abusive Margin Squeeze: The Frankenstein Monster of Article 102 TFEU?

Number of pages: 26 Posted: 10 May 2021 Last Revised: 13 May 2021
Christian Bergqvist and John Townsend
University of Copenhagen - Faculty of Law and KPMG International, LLP - Economic Regulation Team
Downloads 291 (196,946)

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abuse; Article 102; margin squeeze, enforcement; DG COMP

13.

Where Do We Stand on Discounts after Intel?

Number of pages: 50 Posted: 13 Sep 2017
Christian Bergqvist
University of Copenhagen - Faculty of Law
Downloads 289 (198,404)

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discounts, abuse, article 102, intel

14.

Google Android on Appeal

Number of pages: 16 Posted: 17 Oct 2022
Christian Bergqvist
University of Copenhagen - Faculty of Law
Downloads 246 (233,062)

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Google; Android; leverage, big-tech; abuse; Article 102; ecosystems

15.

What Does an Appreciable Negative Effect on Competition Mean?

University of Copenhagen Faculty of Law Research Paper No. 2021-106
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 10 Mar 2021 Last Revised: 20 May 2021
Christian Bergqvist
University of Copenhagen - Faculty of Law
Downloads 246 (233,062)

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Article, 101

16.

What to Make of Google Android?

Number of pages: 24 Posted: 14 Jul 2020 Last Revised: 29 Apr 2021
Christian Bergqvist
University of Copenhagen - Faculty of Law
Downloads 233 (245,748)

Abstract:

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abuse; google, Article 102, Android

17.

Competition Law and the Obligation to Supply

Number of pages: 19 Posted: 15 Mar 2015
Christian Bergqvist
University of Copenhagen - Faculty of Law
Downloads 220 (259,479)

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refusal to supply

18.

The Dirty Dozon of football and Anti-trust

Number of pages: 4 Posted: 06 May 2021
Christian Bergqvist
University of Copenhagen - Faculty of Law
Downloads 206 (275,881)

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Article 101, football, Super League

19.

What to Consider by Object Restriction when It Comes to Verticals?

Number of pages: 22 Posted: 22 Mar 2023 Last Revised: 03 Jul 2023
Christian Bergqvist
University of Copenhagen - Faculty of Law
Downloads 186 (302,321)

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vertical, anti-competition, object-restriction

20.
Downloads 166 (334,112)
Citation 1

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competition law, aims and value, single market

21.

The Google I Decision in a Nutshell

University of Copenhagen Faculty of Law Research Paper No. 2018-55
Number of pages: 3 Posted: 22 Dec 2017 Last Revised: 03 May 2018
Christian Bergqvist
University of Copenhagen - Faculty of Law
Downloads 148 (367,720)

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22.

Where Do We Stand on Discounts? - A Danish Perspective

Number of pages: 47 Posted: 11 Aug 2015 Last Revised: 28 Aug 2016
Christian Bergqvist
University of Copenhagen - Faculty of Law
Downloads 146 (371,826)

Abstract:

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competition law, discounts,abuse of dominance, Article 102

23.

The Elsam Saga – Danish Court Ruling on Excessive Pricing in Relation to the Delivery of Electricity (ELSAM III)

Number of pages: 7 Posted: 22 Oct 2016
Christian Bergqvist and Laurits Schmidt Christensen
University of Copenhagen - Faculty of Law and Accura Advokatpartnerselskab
Downloads 145 (373,835)

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Denmark, electricity, abuse of dominance, article 102, excessive pricing

24.
Downloads 127 (414,458)

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competition law, IP law

25.

Has EU (Tacitly) Adopted a Trinko-Doctrine Giving Priority to Sector Regulation?

Number of pages: 21 Posted: 25 Jan 2023
Christian Bergqvist
University of Copenhagen - Faculty of Law
Downloads 124 (421,945)

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Trinko, sector regulation, competition law, EU

26.

Post Danmark – More Than Just Another Serial Infringer

Number of pages: 24 Posted: 28 Jun 2023 Last Revised: 10 Jul 2023
Christian Bergqvist
University of Copenhagen - Faculty of Law
Downloads 118 (437,972)

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abuse, postal sector, AEC-test, Article 102, cost, state aid, liberalization

27.

DG COMP’s Google AdTech Investigation

Number of pages: 6 Posted: 14 Oct 2023
Christian Bergqvist
University of Copenhagen - Faculty of Law
Downloads 109 (464,560)

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AdTech, Google, abuse, self-favoring, DG COMP, leverage, big-tech

28.

The 'Eco Swiss' Doctrine Confirmed in Principle in Danish Law

Number of pages: 4 Posted: 22 Aug 2016
Christian Bergqvist and Laurits Schmidt Christensen
University of Copenhagen - Faculty of Law and Accura Advokatpartnerselskab
Downloads 108 (467,593)

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Denmark, Eco Swiss, ordre public, arbitration, horizontal corporation

29.

Multi-Sided Platforms – Legal Implications of Definitional Gaps

Number of pages: 7 Posted: 13 Dec 2022
Christian Bergqvist and Elisa Faustinelli
University of Copenhagen - Faculty of Law and Danish Competition and Consumer Authority
Downloads 99 (496,886)

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Big Tech, abuse, ecosystem, digital economy; market definitions, platforms

30.

Enforcing Margin Squeeze Ex Post Across Converging Telecommunications Markets

Konkurrensverket Working Paper Series in Law and Economics, University of Copenhagen Faculty of Law Research Paper No. 2015-10
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 12 Oct 2015 Last Revised: 30 Nov 2015
Christian Bergqvist and John Townsend
University of Copenhagen - Faculty of Law and KPMG International, LLP - Economic Regulation Team
Downloads 96 (506,935)

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Pursuing Regulatory Objectives Under Competition Law

Concurrences N°2-2020
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 17 Jun 2020 Last Revised: 22 Jun 2020
Christian Bergqvist
University of Copenhagen - Faculty of Law
Downloads 92 (525,629)

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Pursuing regulatory objectives under competition law

Christian Bergqvist, Pursuing regulatory objectives under competition law, May 2020, Concurrences N° 2-2020, Art. N° 93968, https://www.concurrences.com/en/review/issues/no-2-2020/articles/pursuing-regulatory-objectives-under-competition-law-en
Posted: 28 Apr 2021
Christian Bergqvist
University of Copenhagen - Faculty of Law

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European Union, Regulatory, Competition policy, Geographic market, Consumer welfare, Merger, Dominance, Economic analysis, Barriers to entry, Prices, Remedies

32.

Murder on the Dance Floor – The Danish Disco Cartel

Number of pages: 5 Posted: 01 Mar 2024
Christian Bergqvist
University of Copenhagen - Faculty of Law
Downloads 85 (547,196)

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Nighclubs; market defintions; non-compete clause; cartel; by object; Article 101

33.

The Danish Supreme Court Rules on State Action Defense and Refusal to Supply Under Danish Competition Law (Copenhagen Airport Terminal A)

e-Competitions - National Competition Laws Bulletin - December 2015-II, University of Copenhagen Faculty of Law Research Paper No. 2016-17
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 18 Feb 2016 Last Revised: 13 May 2016
Christian Bergqvist and Laurits Schmidt Christensen
University of Copenhagen - Faculty of Law and Accura Advokatpartnerselskab
Downloads 80 (567,538)

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Denmark, Unilateral practices, Refusal to deal, State action defence, Transports, Services

34.

The blocking of Booking/Etraveli – When the first victim of EU's anti-US tech stand was a European

Number of pages: 10
Christian Bergqvist
University of Copenhagen - Faculty of Law
Downloads 80

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35.

Google Android - Taking Stock before the Oral Hearing

Number of pages: 4 Posted: 11 May 2021
Christian Bergqvist
University of Copenhagen - Faculty of Law
Downloads 66 (630,805)

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Android; abuse; Article 102; Google, DG COMP

36.

Amazon Buy Box – Another Secret Jewel on Discrimination

Number of pages: 3 Posted: 13 Dec 2023
Christian Bergqvist
University of Copenhagen - Faculty of Law
Downloads 59 (667,405)

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abuse; amazon; buy-box; discrimination; article 102; big tech

37.

Google Shopping and Self-favoring as a Separate Abuse

Number of pages: 11 Posted: 18 Jan 2024
Christian Bergqvist
University of Copenhagen - Faculty of Law
Downloads 55 (689,740)

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Google, abuse, self-favoring, DG COMP, leverage, big-tech; Google Shopping

38.

Things That Do Not Make Sense - Super League and Isu on Ancillary Restraints

Number of pages: 10 Posted: 25 Mar 2024
Christian Bergqvist
University of Copenhagen - Faculty of Law
Downloads 53 (701,515)

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sports; Isu; Super League; ancillary restraints, Article 101

39.

Final Curtain or Another around on Post Danmark?

ECLR 2013 (34) No. 6, pp. 287-290
Number of pages: 6 Posted: 15 Nov 2021
Christian Bergqvist
University of Copenhagen - Faculty of Law
Downloads 41 (780,967)

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Abuse, Discrimination, Post Danmark

40.

The Notion of Vertical Alignment in Regulation 1/2003

University of Copenhagen Faculty of Law Research Paper No. 2017-47
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 18 Oct 2017 Last Revised: 10 Dec 2017
Christian Bergqvist
University of Copenhagen - Faculty of Law
Downloads 38 (803,129)

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