Paul J. Larkin, Jr.

The Heritage Foundation

Senior Legal Research Fellow

214 Massachusetts Ave NE

Washington, DC 20002-4999

United States

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

58

DOWNLOADS
Rank 9,535

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 9,535

in Total Papers Downloads

5,280

SSRN CITATIONS
Rank 30,052

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 30,052

in Total Papers Citations

10

CROSSREF CITATIONS

15

Scholarly Papers (58)

1.

Revenge Porn, State Law, and Free Speech

Loyola of Los Angeles Law Review, Vol. 48, 2014
Number of pages: 63 Posted: 27 Jan 2014 Last Revised: 02 Jun 2015
Paul J. Larkin, Jr.
The Heritage Foundation
Downloads 621 (45,975)

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Revenge porn, tort law, criminal law, First Amendment, Free Speech Clause

2.

Clemency, Parole, Good-Time Credits, and Crowded Prisons: Reconsidering Early Release

Georgetown Journal of Law & Public Policy, Vol. 11, No. 1, 2013
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 30 Jul 2013
Paul J. Larkin, Jr.
The Heritage Foundation
Downloads 374 (85,865)

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clemency, parole, good-time credit, early release

3.

Medical or Recreational Marijuana and Drugged Driving

American Criminal Law Review, Vol. 52, No. 3, 2015
Number of pages: 63 Posted: 28 Jan 2015 Last Revised: 21 May 2015
Paul J. Larkin, Jr.
The Heritage Foundation
Downloads 325 (100,579)

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4.

Reawakening the Congressional Review Act

Harvard Journal of Law and Public Policy, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 66 Posted: 27 Jul 2017 Last Revised: 09 Jan 2018
Paul J. Larkin, Jr.
The Heritage Foundation
Downloads 222 (149,356)

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Congressional Review of Regulations, Regulatory State, Regulations, Administrative State, Legislative Veto, Congressional Review Act

5.

Introduction to a Debate: 'Marijuana: Legalize, Decriminalize, or Leave the Status Quo in Place?'

Berkley Journal of Criminal Law, Vol. 23.1, Spring 2018
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 02 May 2018
Paul J. Larkin, Jr.
The Heritage Foundation
Downloads 209 (158,041)

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Marijuana, Cannabis, Debate Over Liberalization, Arguments for Liberalization, Arguments Against Liberalization

6.

Public Choice Theory and Occupational Licensing

Harvard Journal of Law and Public Policy, Vol. 38, 2015
Number of pages: 60 Posted: 19 Dec 2014 Last Revised: 17 Feb 2015
Paul J. Larkin, Jr.
The Heritage Foundation
Downloads 194 (169,399)
Citation 4

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Public Choice Theory, Occupational Licensing, Regulation, Constitutional Law, Equal Protection Clause, Private Delegation Doctrine

7.

Managing Prisons by the Numbers: Using the Good-Time Laws and Risk-Needs Assessments to Manage the Federal Prison Population

Harvard Journal of Law and Public Policy, Vol. 1, No. 1, 2014
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 15 Jun 2014
Paul J. Larkin, Jr.
The Heritage Foundation
Downloads 189 (173,419)
Citation 1

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Risk-needs assessments, predictions of future dangerousness, predictions of future recidivism, good-time laws, prison reform

8.

Opioids, Overdoses, and Cannabis: Is Marijuana An Effective Therapeutic Response to the Opioid Abuse Epidemic?

Georgetown Journal of Law & Public Policy, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 43 Posted: 25 Nov 2018 Last Revised: 27 Aug 2019
Paul J. Larkin, Jr. and Bertha K Madras, PhD
The Heritage Foundation and Harvard University - Department of Psychiatry
Downloads 185 (176,763)

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Marijuana, Cannabinoids, Opioids, Opioid Overdoses

9.

Swift, Certain, and Fair Punishment -- 24/7 Sobriety and Hope: Creative Approaches to Alcohol- and Illicit Drug-Using Offenders

Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, Vol. 105, 2015, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 60 Posted: 14 Jul 2014 Last Revised: 19 Mar 2015
Paul J. Larkin, Jr.
The Heritage Foundation
Downloads 182 (179,414)

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24/7 Sobriety, Hawaii HOPE Program, Swift, Certain & Faior Punishment, alcohol abuse, drug use

10.

Public Choice Theory and Overcriminalization

Harvard Journal of Law and Public Policy, Vol. 36, No. 715, 2013
Number of pages: 79 Posted: 30 Jul 2013 Last Revised: 24 Jan 2014
Paul J. Larkin, Jr.
The Heritage Foundation
Downloads 143 (220,047)

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public choice theory, overcriminalization, mistake of law defense, rule of lenity

11.

Strict Liability Offenses, Incarceration, and the Cruel and Unusual Punishments Clause

Harvard Journal of Law and Public Policy, Vol. 37, No. 1065, 2014
Number of pages: 57 Posted: 30 May 2014 Last Revised: 03 Jun 2014
Paul J. Larkin, Jr.
The Heritage Foundation
Downloads 139 (225,160)

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Strict liability, strict liability offenses, strict liability crimes, Due Process Clause, Eighth Amendment, Cruel and Unusual Punishments Clause

12.

Are Criminals Bad or Mad? Premeditated Murder, Mental Illness, and Kahler V. Kansas

Harvard Journal of Law & Public Policy, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 69 Posted: 03 Aug 2019 Last Revised: 21 Jan 2020
Paul J. Larkin, Jr. and GianCarlo Canaparo
The Heritage Foundation and The Heritage Foundation
Downloads 130 (237,286)

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Insanity, Insanity defense, diminished capacity defense, mental illness, mental disease or defect, competence to stand trial, competence to be executed, due process clause, cruel and unusual punishments clause

13.

Regulation, Prohibition, and Overcriminalization: The Proper and Improper Uses of the Criminal Law

Hofstra Law Review, Vol. 42, p. 745, 2014, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 10 May 2014 Last Revised: 18 Dec 2014
Paul J. Larkin, Jr.
The Heritage Foundation
Downloads 114 (261,548)

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Regulation, prosecution, overcriminalization

14.

Crack Cocaine, Congressional Inaction, and Equal Protection

Harvard Journal of Law and Public Policy, Vol. 37, 2013
Number of pages: 55 Posted: 11 Aug 2013 Last Revised: 05 Dec 2013
Paul J. Larkin, Jr.
The Heritage Foundation
Downloads 111 (266,531)

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Crack cocaine, congressional inaction, equal protection, due process

15.

Death Row Dogs, Hard Time Prisoners, and Creative Rehabilitation Strategies: Prisoner-Dog Training Programs

Catholic University Law Review, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 06 Dec 2016
Paul J. Larkin, Jr.
The Heritage Foundation
Downloads 110 (268,282)

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Prisoners, Dogs, Rehabilitation, Prisoner-Dog Training Programs

16.

Justice Scalia and the Criminal Law

86 University of Cincinnati Law Review 743 (2018)
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 01 Apr 2019
Minnesota Supreme Court, University of California, Berkeley School of Law, New York University School of Law, University of Pennsylvania Law School and The Heritage Foundation
Downloads 98 (290,312)

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Justice Scalia, Criminal Law, Criminal Procedure, Fourth Amendment, Sixth Amendment

17.

Marijuana Edibles and 'Gummy Bears'

Buffalo Law Review Vol. 66, No. 2, April 2018
Number of pages: 71 Posted: 26 Apr 2018
Paul J. Larkin, Jr.
The Heritage Foundation
Downloads 96 (294,203)

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18.

The Original Understanding of 'Property' in the Constitution

Marquette Law Review, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 67 Posted: 15 Nov 2016
Paul J. Larkin, Jr.
The Heritage Foundation
Downloads 88 (310,867)
Citation 2

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Property, Liberty, Constitution, Regulation

19.

Oversized Frauds, Undersized Fish, and Deconstruction of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act

Georgetown Law Journal, Vol. 103, No. 17, 2014
Number of pages: 6 Posted: 30 Jun 2014
Paul J. Larkin, Jr.
The Heritage Foundation
Downloads 83 (322,179)

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Sarbanes-Oxley Act, overcriminalization, plain meaning rule, reliance on the dictionary, rule of lenity

20.

Prisoners, Dogs, Training, and Rehabilitation

Number of pages: 7 Posted: 12 Sep 2018
Paul J. Larkin, Jr.
The Heritage Foundation
Downloads 82 (324,599)

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Prisoners, dogs, prisoner-dog training programs, rehabilitation

21.

Agency Deference after Kisor v. Wilkie

Paul J. Larkin, Jr., Agency Deference after Kisor v. Wilkie, 18 Geo. J.L. & Pub. Pol’y 105 (2020)
Number of pages: 43 Posted: 15 Aug 2019 Last Revised: 07 May 2020
Paul J. Larkin, Jr.
The Heritage Foundation
Downloads 78 (334,282)

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Chevron, Seminole Rock, Auer, Deference, Deference to an agency's interpretation of a statute, Deference to an agency's interpretation of a rule

22.

States’ Rights and Federal Wrongs: The Misguided Attempt to Label Marijuana Legalization Efforts as a 'States’ Rights' Issue

Georgetown Journal of Law & Public Policy, Vol. 16, No. 2, 2018
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 14 May 2018 Last Revised: 21 Oct 2018
Paul J. Larkin, Jr.
The Heritage Foundation
Downloads 78 (334,282)

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Marijuana, Cannabis, States' Rights, Food & Drug Administration

23.

Parole: Corpse or Phoenix?

American Criminal Law Review, Vol. 50, p. 303, 2013
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 29 Jul 2013
Paul J. Larkin, Jr.
The Heritage Foundation
Downloads 78 (334,282)

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Parole, Sentencing Reform Act of 1984, Mistretta, Booker

24.

'A Day Late and a Dollar Short': President Obama's Clemency Initiative 2014

Georgetown Journal of Law & Public Policy, Vol. 16, No. 1, 2018
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 08 Mar 2018
Paul J. Larkin, Jr.
The Heritage Foundation
Downloads 76 (339,385)
Citation 2

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Pardon Clause, pardon power, pardon, clemency power, clemency

25.

Mistakes and Justice — Using the Pardon Power to Remedy a Mistake of Law

Georgetown Journal of Law & Public Policy, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 11 Jan 2017 Last Revised: 15 May 2017
Paul J. Larkin, Jr.
The Heritage Foundation
Downloads 76 (339,385)

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mistake of law, ignorance of the law, clemency, pardon power

26.

The Dynamic Incorporation of Foreign Law and the Constitutional Regulation of Federal Lawmaking

Harvard Journal of Law and Public Policy, Vol. 38, No. 1, 2015
Number of pages: 100 Posted: 29 Jan 2015 Last Revised: 25 Aug 2015
Paul J. Larkin, Jr.
The Heritage Foundation
Downloads 73 (347,238)

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27.

Chevron and Federal Criminal Law

32 J. L. & Pol. 211 (2017)
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 06 Jan 2018 Last Revised: 15 Feb 2018
Paul J. Larkin, Jr.
The Heritage Foundation
Downloads 71 (352,575)

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Chevron Deference, Chevron and Federal Criminal Law

28.

The Lost Due Process Doctrines

Catholic University Law Review, Vol. 66, No. 1, 2016
Number of pages: 70 Posted: 25 Aug 2015 Last Revised: 24 Feb 2017
Paul J. Larkin, Jr.
The Heritage Foundation
Downloads 68 (360,938)

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Due Process Clause, Incorporation Doctrine, Void-for-Vagueness Doctrine, Magna Carta

29.

The World After Seminole Rock and Auer

42 Harv. J. L. & Pub. Pol'y 625 (2019)
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 06 Feb 2019 Last Revised: 09 Apr 2019
Paul J. Larkin, Jr. and Elizabeth Slattery
The Heritage Foundation and Pacific Legal Foundation
Downloads 65 (369,514)

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Seminole Rock, Auer, Skidmore, Administrative Law, Standard of Review

30.

Funding Favored Sons and Daughters: Nonprosecution Agreements and 'Extraordinary Restitution' in Environmental Criminal Cases

Loyola Law Review, New Orleans, Vol. 47, 2014, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 50 Posted: 03 Apr 2014
Paul J. Larkin, Jr.
The Heritage Foundation
Downloads 65 (369,514)

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Nonprosecution agreement, deferred prosecution agreement, plea bargaining, fine, restitution, extraordinary restitution

31.

Taking Mistakes Seriously

28 B.Y.U. J. of Pub. L. (2014) (Forthcoming)
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 14 Jan 2014 Last Revised: 24 Jan 2014
Paul J. Larkin, Jr.
The Heritage Foundation
Downloads 63 (375,474)

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Mistake of law, ignorance of the law, reasonable mistake exception to the exclusionary rule, qualified immunity, harmless error doctrine

32.

Guiding Presidential Clemency Decisionmaking

Georgetown Journal of Law & Public Policy, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 53 Posted: 05 Dec 2019 Last Revised: 25 Mar 2020
Paul J. Larkin, Jr.
The Heritage Foundation
Downloads 51 (418,479)

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Clemency, Pardons, Commutations, Pardon Clause, Article II

33.

Can Captured ISIS Fighters Be Prosecuted for Genocide in an International Tribunal?

Legal Memorandum, No. 225 January 22, 2018
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 12 May 2018
Paul J. Larkin, Jr.
The Heritage Foundation
Downloads 51 (414,881)

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Genocide, Genocide of Christians, International Criminal Court, International Law

34.

Essay: A New Law Enforcement Agenda for a New Attorney General

Georgetown Journal of Law & Public Policy, Vol. 17, No. 1, 2019
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 20 Jun 2019
Paul J. Larkin, Jr.
The Heritage Foundation
Downloads 49 (422,119)

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federal law enforcement, federal law enforcement priorities, federal law enforcement agencies, federal law enforcement success

35.

Reconsidering the Constitutionality of Obamacare

The Heritage Foundation, No. 230, March 20, 2018
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 02 Apr 2018
Paul J. Larkin, Jr.
The Heritage Foundation
Downloads 48 (425,809)

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Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, Obamacare, Taxing and Spending Clause

36.

Flight, Race, and Terry Stops: Commonwealth v. Warren

Georgetown Journal of Law & Public Policy, Vol. 16, No. 163, 2018
Number of pages: 63 Posted: 13 Mar 2018 Last Revised: 18 Mar 2018
Paul J. Larkin, Jr. and David Rosenthal
The Heritage Foundation and Independent
Downloads 48 (425,809)

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Terry v. Ohio, Commonwealth v. Warren, Terry stop, stop-and-frisk, stop-question-and-frisk, Fourth Amendment

37.

Baseball, Legal Doctrines, and Judicial Deference to an Agency’s Interpretation of the Law: Kisor v. Wilkie

Cato Supreme Court Review, 2019
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 05 Aug 2019 Last Revised: 01 Oct 2019
Paul J. Larkin, Jr.
The Heritage Foundation
Downloads 47 (429,574)
Citation 1

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Seminole Rock, Auer, Chevron, Kisor v. Wilkie, Deference, Agency Interpretation of Rules, Judicial Interpretation of Agency Rules

38.

The Future of Presidential Clemency Decisionmaking

University of St. Thomas Law Journal, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 24 Jun 2019 Last Revised: 29 Aug 2019
Paul J. Larkin, Jr.
The Heritage Foundation
Downloads 44 (445,212)

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Clemency, Pardon, Commutation, First Step Act of 2018, Compassionate release

39.

The Proper Way to Reconsider Federal Marijuana Policy

Issue Brief, No. 4806, January 8, 2018
Number of pages: 4 Posted: 14 May 2018
Paul J. Larkin, Jr.
The Heritage Foundation
Downloads 42 (449,238)

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Marijuana, Marijuana Policy, Controlled Substances Act, Food and Drug Administration, FDA

40.

The Trump Administration and the Congressional Review Act

Georgetown Journal of Law & Public Policy, Vol. 16, No. 2, 2018
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 14 May 2018 Last Revised: 23 Sep 2018
Paul J. Larkin, Jr.
The Heritage Foundation
Downloads 41 (453,347)

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The Congressional Review Act, The Trump Administration, Regulatory Reform, Administrative State

41.

Reconsidering Federal Marijuana Regulation

Ohio State Journal of Criminal Law, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 45 Posted: 09 Apr 2020
Paul J. Larkin, Jr.
The Heritage Foundation
Downloads 39 (461,820)

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42.

Revitalizing the Clemency Process

39 Harv. J.L. & Pub. Pol’y 833 (2016)
Number of pages: 84 Posted: 02 Nov 2016
Paul J. Larkin, Jr.
The Heritage Foundation
Downloads 37 (470,454)
Citation 4

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43.

The Need to Treat Driving Under the Influence of Drugs as Seriously as Driving Under the Influence of Alcohol

Number of pages: 11 Posted: 11 Jun 2018
Paul J. Larkin, Jr., Robert DuPont and Bertha K Madras, PhD
The Heritage Foundation, Institute for Behavior and Health, Inc and Harvard University - Department of Psychiatry
Downloads 36 (474,923)

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Driving Under the Influence, DUI, Driving Under the Influence of Drugs, DUID

44.

Essay: A Proposal to Restructure the Clemency Process — The Vice President as Head of a White House Clemency Office

Harvard Journal of Law and Public Policy, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 02 Nov 2016
Paul J. Larkin, Jr.
The Heritage Foundation
Downloads 31 (498,626)
Citation 3

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45.

Reforming American Medical Licensure

Harvard Journal of Law & Public Policy, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 19 Jan 2019
Paul J. Larkin, Jr., Kevin Dayaratna and John O'Shea
The Heritage Foundation, The Heritage Foundation and The Heritage Foundation
Downloads 29 (509,073)

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46.

Suing China Over COVID-19

Boston University Law Review, Vol. 100, No. 91, Online (2020)
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 09 Jun 2020
Paul J. Larkin, Jr.
The Heritage Foundation
Downloads 23 (568,779)

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COVID-19, China, Sovereign immunity, Foreign Sovereign Immunity Act

47.

The Demise of Capital Clemency

73 Wash. & Lee L. Rev. 1295 (2016)
Number of pages: 64 Posted: 02 Nov 2016
Paul J. Larkin, Jr.
The Heritage Foundation
Downloads 21 (556,130)
Citation 1

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Capital Punishment, Executive Clemency, Innocence, Disproportionate Sentences

48.

'One Ring to Rule Them All': Individual Judgments, Nationwide Injunctions, and Universal Handcuffs

Notre Dame Law Review Reflections, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 03 Jun 2020
Paul J. Larkin, Jr. and GianCarlo Canaparo
The Heritage Foundation and The Heritage Foundation
Downloads 20 (562,326)

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nationwide injunctions, universal injunctions, third-party injunctions, united states v. mendoza

49.

The Folly of Requiring Complete Knowledge of the Criminal Law

Liberty University Law Review, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 14 May 2018
Paul J. Larkin, Jr.
The Heritage Foundation
Downloads 16 (587,840)

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Rule of Legality, Presumption of Knowledge of the Criminal Law, Void-for-Vagueness Doctrine, Mistake of Law Defense

50.

The 'Waters of the United States' Rule and the Void-for-Vagueness Doctrine

The Heritage Foundation, No. 207, June 22, 2017
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 04 Oct 2017
Paul J. Larkin, Jr.
The Heritage Foundation
Downloads 16 (587,840)

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Waters of the United States, Clean Water Act, void for vagueness doctrine

51.

COVID-19: A Way for the States to Increase the Number of Available Physicians

76 Washington & Lee Law Review Online 80 (2020)
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 07 Apr 2020
Paul J. Larkin, Jr.
The Heritage Foundation
Downloads 15 (607,748)

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COVID-19, physician licensing, provisional physician licensing

52.

Finding Room in the Criminal Law for the Desuetude Principle

65 Rutgers L. Rev. Commentaries 1 (2014)
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 03 Oct 2017
Paul J. Larkin, Jr.
The Heritage Foundation
Downloads 15 (594,338)
Citation 1

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Desuetude, desuetude doctrine, desuetude principle

53.

Reconsidering the Mistake of Law Defense

102 J. of Crim. L. & Criminology 725 (2012)
Number of pages: 60 Posted: 04 Dec 2012 Last Revised: 15 Jan 2014
Paul J. Larkin, Jr. and Edwin Meese
The Heritage Foundation and The Heritage Foundation
Downloads 15 (594,338)

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Mistake of law, ignorance of the law, mistake of fact

Reorganizing the Federal Administrative State: The Disutility of Criminal Investigative Programs at Federal Regulatory Agencies

Legal Memorandum, No. 208 (July 2017)
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 27 Jul 2017
Paul J. Larkin, Jr.
The Heritage Foundation
Downloads 8 (669,453)

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administrative agency, regulatory agency, administrative state, federal law enforcement, FBI, EPA, Marshal's Service

Downloads 6 (684,717)

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Administrative State, Federal Regulatory Agencies, Criminal Investigation Programs, U.S. Marshal's Service, FBI

55.

Philemon, Marbury, and the Passive-Aggressive Assertion of Legal Authority

29 B.Y.U. J. of Pub. L. (2014, Forthcoming)
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 13 Jan 2014 Last Revised: 02 Apr 2014
Paul J. Larkin, Jr.
The Heritage Foundation
Downloads 14 (601,064)

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Marbury v. Madison, judicial review

56.

A Brief History of Occupational Licensing

Number of pages: 5 Posted: 27 Jul 2017 Last Revised: 28 Jul 2017
Paul J. Larkin, Jr.
The Heritage Foundation
Downloads 12 (614,726)

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occupational licensing, licensing

57.

A Positive Step Toward Occupational Licensing Reform: The ALLOW Act

Legal Memorandum, No. 212 (July 2017)
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 27 Jul 2017
Paul J. Larkin, Jr.
The Heritage Foundation
Downloads 11 (621,508)

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licensing, occupational licensing

58.

Reorganizing the Federal Clemency Process

The Heritage Foundation, No. 206, May 2017
Number of pages: 5 Posted: 25 Aug 2017
Paul J. Larkin, Jr.
The Heritage Foundation
Downloads 9 (635,281)

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Clemency, Clemency Power, Pardons, Pardon Clause, Pardon Power