Norman Loayza

World Bank - Research Department

1818 H Street, N.W.

Washington, DC 20433

United States

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

66

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CITATIONS
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in Total Papers Citations

1,704

Scholarly Papers (66)

Accountability and Corruption: Political Institutions Matter

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 2708
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
Daniel Lederman, Norman Loayza and Rodrigo R. Soares
World Bank - Latin America and Caribbean Region, World Bank - Research Department and Columbia University - School of International & Public Affairs (SIPA)
Downloads 2,729 (4,053)
Citation 41

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Accountability and Corruption: Political Institutions Matter

Economics & Politics, Vol. 17, No. 1, pp. 1-35, March 2005
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 16 Feb 2005
Daniel Lederman, Norman Loayza and Rodrigo R. Soares
World Bank - Latin America and Caribbean Region, World Bank - Research Department and Columbia University - School of International & Public Affairs (SIPA)
Downloads 32 (458,695)
Citation 41
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2.

Finance and the Sources of Growth

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 2057
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
Thorsten Beck, Ross Levine and Norman Loayza
City University London - Sir John Cass Business School, University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business and World Bank - Research Department
Downloads 2,010 (6,926)
Citation 413

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3.
Downloads 1,983 ( 7,094)
Citation 487

Financial Intermediation and Growth: Causality and Causes

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 2059
Number of pages: 47 Posted: 27 Oct 2000
Ross Levine, Norman Loayza and Thorsten Beck
University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business, World Bank - Research Department and City University London - Sir John Cass Business School
Downloads 1,983 (6,945)
Citation 487

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Financial Intermediation and Growth: Causality and Causes

Journal of Monetary Economics, Vol. 46, pp. 31-77, August 2000
Posted: 10 Oct 2000
Ross Levine, Norman Loayza and Thorsten Beck
University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business, World Bank - Research Department and City University London - Sir John Cass Business School

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Financial development, economic growth, legal system

4.

Volatility and Growth

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 3184
Number of pages: 40 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
Norman Loayza and Viktoria V. Hnatkovska
World Bank - Research Department and University of British Columbia (UBC) - Department of Economics
Downloads 1,446 (11,919)
Citation 56

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The Peace Dividend: Military Spending Cuts and Economic Growth

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 1577
Number of pages: 60 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
Malcolm Knight, Norman Loayza and Delano Villanueva
World Bank, World Bank - Research Department and World Bank
Downloads 1,014 (20,248)
Citation 21

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The Peace Dividend: Military Spending Cuts and Economic Growth

IMF Working Paper No. 95/53
Number of pages: 40 Posted: 15 Feb 2006
Malcolm Knight and Norman Loayza
World Bank and World Bank - Research Department
Downloads 229 (130,007)
Citation 21

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6.
Downloads 1,170 ( 16,632)
Citation 48

Financial Development, Financial Fragility, and Growth

CESifo Working Paper Series No. 684, IMF Working Paper No. 05/170
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 23 Nov 2005
Norman Loayza and Romain G. Rancière
World Bank - Research Department and University of Southern California
Downloads 485 (55,542)
Citation 48

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Financial Development, Financial Fragility, and Growth

IMF Working Paper No. 05/170
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 03 Mar 2006
Norman Loayza and Romain G. Rancière
World Bank - Research Department and University of Southern California
Downloads 429 (64,694)
Citation 48

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Growth empirics, banking crisis, pooled mean group estimation

Financial Development, Financial Fragility, and Growth

UPF Working Paper 855
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 30 Nov 2005
Norman Loayza and Romain G. Rancière
World Bank - Research Department and University of Southern California
Downloads 256 (116,028)
Citation 48

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Financial development

7.

The Impact of Regulation on Growth and Informality Cross-Country Evidence

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 3623
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 14 Jul 2005
Norman Loayza, Ana Maria Oviedo and Luis Servén
World Bank - Research Department, University of Maryland - Department of Economics and World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)
Downloads 1,082 (18,718)
Citation 27

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Regulation, government performance, economic growth, informal economy

8.

Greenfield Foreign Direct Investment and Mergers and Acquisitions: Feedback and Macroeconomic Effects

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 3192
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
Norman Loayza, César A. Calderón and Luis Servén
World Bank - Research Department, Central Bank of Chile and World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)
Downloads 721 (33,447)
Citation 5

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9.

The Economics of the Informal Sector: A Simple Model and Some Empirical Evidence from Latin America

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 1727
Number of pages: 60 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
Norman Loayza
World Bank - Research Department
Downloads 672 (36,810)
Citation 102

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10.

Determinants of Current Account Deficits in Developing Countries

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 2398
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
Norman Loayza, Alberto Chong and César A. Calderón
World Bank - Research Department, University of Ottawa and Central Bank of Chile
Downloads 539 (49,118)
Citation 35

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11.

The Development Impact of the Illegality of Drug Trade

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 4543
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
Philip Keefer, Norman Loayza and Rodrigo R. Soares
Inter-American Development Bank, World Bank - Research Department and Columbia University - School of International & Public Affairs (SIPA)
Downloads 514 (52,194)
Citation 1

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Health Monitoring & Evaluation, Crime and Society, Economic Theory & Research, Post Conflict Reconstruction, Markets and Market Access

12.

Regulation and Macroeconomic Performance

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 3469
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 12 Jan 2005
Norman Loayza, Ana Maria Oviedo and Luis Servén
World Bank - Research Department, University of Maryland - Department of Economics and World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)
Downloads 478 (57,231)
Citation 17

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Regulation, government structure, volatility, economic growth

13.

What Drives Private Saving Around the World?

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 2309
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
Norman Loayza, Klaus Schmidt-Hebbel and Luis Servén
World Bank - Research Department, Central Bank of Chile and World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)
Downloads 388 (73,606)
Citation 67

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14.

Natural Disasters and Growth - Going Beyond the Averages

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 4980
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
World Bank - Research Department, Organization for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD) - Economics Department (ECO), New York University (NYU) - Department of Economics and World Bank
Downloads 381 (75,192)
Citation 5

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Natural Disasters, Disaster Management, Hazard Risk Management, Achieving Shared Growth, Economic Conditions and Volatility

15.

Informality Trends and Cycles

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 4078
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
Norman Loayza and Jamele Rigolini
World Bank - Research Department and New York University (NYU) - Department of Economics
Downloads 375 (76,538)
Citation 14

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Labor Markets, Economic Theory & Research, Work & Working Conditions, Labor Standards, Inequality

World Market Integration Through the Lens of Foreign Direct Investors

Simon School of Business Working Paper No. FR 03-02; World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 3060
Number of pages: 57 Posted: 10 Feb 2003
Rui A. Albuquerque, Norman Loayza and Luis Servén
Boston College, Carroll School of Management, World Bank - Research Department and World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)
Downloads 310 (94,566)
Citation 34

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Capital Market Integration, Emerging Economies, Global Factors, Foreign Direct Investment

World Market Integration Through the Lens of Foreign Direct Investors

Journal of International Economics, Vol. 66, 2005
Number of pages: 40 Posted: 30 Dec 2014
Rui A. Albuquerque, Norman Loayza and Luis Servén
Boston College, Carroll School of Management, World Bank - Research Department and World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)
Downloads 44 (407,934)
Citation 29

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Capital market integration, emerging economies, global factors, foreign direct investment

17.

Infrastructure and Economic Growth in Egypt

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 5177
Number of pages: 76 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
Norman Loayza and Rei Odawara
World Bank - Research Department and World Bank - Research Department
Downloads 288 (102,979)
Citation 3

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Non Bank Financial Institutions, Debt Markets, Transport Economics Policy & Planning, Public Sector Economics, Economic Theory & Research

18.
Downloads 287 (103,324)
Citation 62

Country Portfolios

MIT Dept. of Economics Working Paper No. 00-16; World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 3320
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 29 Oct 2004
Aart Kraay, Norman Loayza, Luis Servén and Jaume Ventura
World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG), World Bank - Research Department, World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG) and Universitat Pompeu Fabra - Centre de Recerca en Economia Internacional (CREI)
Downloads 251 (118,468)
Citation 62

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Country Portfolios

NBER Working Paper No. w7795
Number of pages: 63 Posted: 19 Jul 2000 Last Revised: 01 Apr 2001
Aart Kraay, Norman Loayza, Luis Servén and Jaume Ventura
World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG), World Bank - Research Department, World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG) and Universitat Pompeu Fabra - Centre de Recerca en Economia Internacional (CREI)
Downloads 36 (440,736)
Citation 62

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19.

The Golden Period for Growth in Chile: Explanations and Forecasts

Central Bank of Chile Working Paper No. 146
Number of pages: 56 Posted: 23 Feb 2002
Francisco A. Gallego and Norman Loayza
Pontifical Catholic University of Chile - Institute of Economics and World Bank - Research Department
Downloads 279 (106,475)
Citation 3

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Economic growth, productivity, Chile, policy complementarities

Openness Can Be Good for Growth: The Role of Policy Complementarities

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 3763
Number of pages: 40 Posted: 11 Nov 2005
Roberto Chang, Linda Kaltani and Norman Loayza
Rutgers University, New Brunswick/Piscataway - Faculty of Arts and Sciences-New Brunswick/Piscataway - Department of Economics, American University - Department of Economics and World Bank - Research Department
Downloads 246 (120,888)
Citation 35

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Openness, Growth, Economic Reform, Policy Complementarity

Openness Can Be Good for Growth: The Role of Policy Complementarities

NBER Working Paper No. w11787
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 24 Feb 2006 Last Revised: 17 Sep 2010
Roberto Chang, Linda Kaltani and Norman Loayza
Rutgers University, New Brunswick/Piscataway - Faculty of Arts and Sciences-New Brunswick/Piscataway - Department of Economics, American University - Department of Economics and World Bank - Research Department
Downloads 30 (468,748)
Citation 35

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21.

The Composition of Growth Matters for Poverty Alleviation

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 4077
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
Norman Loayza and Claudio E. Raddatz
World Bank - Research Department and Central Bank of Chile
Downloads 265 (112,460)
Citation 12

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Pro-Poor Growth and Inequality, Population Policies, Economic Growth, Rural Poverty Reduction, Labor Markets

Poverty, Inequality, and the Local Natural Resource Curse

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 6366
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
World Bank - Research Department, UCLA and New York University (NYU) - Department of Economics
Downloads 209 (142,218)

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Subnational Economic Development, Rural Poverty Reduction, Regional Economic Development, Economic Theory & Research, Housing & Human Habitats

Poverty, Inequality, and the Local Natural Resource Curse

IZA Discussion Paper No. 7226
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 09 Mar 2013
World Bank - Research Department, UCLA and New York University (NYU) - Department of Economics
Downloads 28 (479,321)

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natural resource curse, poverty, inequality, living standards

23.

Informality in Latin America and the Caribbean

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 4888
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
Norman Loayza, Luis Servén and Naotaka Sugawara
World Bank - Research Department, World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG) and World Bank
Downloads 234 (127,697)
Citation 8

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Labor Markets, Labor Policies, Population Policies, Economic Theory & Research, Debt Markets

24.

Has Latin America's Post-Reform Growth Been Disappointing?

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 1708
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
William Easterly, Norman Loayza and Peter J. Montiel
New York University - Department of Economics, World Bank - Research Department and Williams College - Department of Economics
Downloads 191 (154,914)
Citation 52

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Privatization and Nationalization Cycles

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 5029
Number of pages: 59 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
Roberto Chang, Constantino Hevia and Norman Loayza
Rutgers University, New Brunswick/Piscataway - Faculty of Arts and Sciences-New Brunswick/Piscataway - Department of Economics, Universidad Torcuato Di Tella - Departamento de Economia and World Bank - Research Department
Downloads 158 (183,371)

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Economic Theory & Research, Political Economy, Emerging Markets, Labor Policies, Markets and Market Access

Privatization and Nationalization Cycles

NBER Working Paper No. w16126
Number of pages: 62 Posted: 29 Jun 2010 Last Revised: 26 Jul 2010
Roberto Chang, Constantino Hevia and Norman Loayza
Rutgers University, New Brunswick/Piscataway - Faculty of Arts and Sciences-New Brunswick/Piscataway - Department of Economics, Universidad Torcuato Di Tella - Departamento de Economia and World Bank - Research Department
Downloads 33 (454,070)

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26.

Economic Reform and Progress in Latin America and the Caribbean

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 1829
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
Norman Loayza and Luisa Palacios
World Bank - Research Department and affiliation not provided to SSRN
Downloads 185 (159,416)
Citation 12

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27.
Downloads 179 (164,233)
Citation 12

The Aftermath of Civil War

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 4190
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
Siyan Chen, Norman Loayza and Marta Reynal-Querol
World Bank, World Bank - Research Department and Universitat Pompeu Fabra - Faculty of Economic and Business Sciences
Downloads 179 (164,276)
Citation 12

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Population Policies, Peace & Peacekeeping, Post Conflict Reintegration, Services & Transfers to Poor, Social Conflict and Violence, Civil War

The Aftermath of Civil War

The World Bank Economic Review, Vol. 22, Issue 1, pp. 63-85, 2008
Posted: 16 Jun 2008
Siyan Chen, Norman Loayza and Marta Reynal-Querol
World Bank, World Bank - Research Department and Universitat Pompeu Fabra - Faculty of Economic and Business Sciences

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O11

28.
Downloads 168 (173,730)
Citation 4

Medium Term Business Cycles in Developing Countries

Harvard Business School BGIE Unit Working Paper No. 10-029
Number of pages: 54 Posted: 16 Oct 2009 Last Revised: 15 Sep 2010
Harvard Business School - Business, Government and the International Economy Unit, World Bank - Research Department, Boston College and World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)
Downloads 102 (257,678)
Citation 4

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Business Cycles in Developing Countries, Co-movement between Developed and Developing economies, Volatility, Extensive Margin of Trade, Product Life Cycle, FDI

Medium-Term Business Cycles in Developing Countries

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 5146
Number of pages: 58 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
Harvard Business School - Business, Government and the International Economy Unit, World Bank - Research Department, Boston College and World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)
Downloads 54 (372,829)
Citation 4

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Economic Theory & Research, Political Economy, Emerging Markets, Debt Markets, Markets and Market Access

Medium Term Business Cycles in Developing Countries

NBER Working Paper No. w15428
Number of pages: 53 Posted: 26 Oct 2009 Last Revised: 16 Sep 2010
Harvard Business School - Business, Government and the International Economy Unit, World Bank - Research Department, Boston College and World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)
Downloads 12 (578,598)
Citation 4

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29.

The Growth Aftermath of Natural Disasters

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 5002
Number of pages: 57 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
Thomas Fomby, Yuki Ikeda and Norman Loayza
Southern Methodist University, World Bank and World Bank - Research Department
Downloads 137 (205,746)
Citation 3

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Natural Disasters, Disaster Management, Hazard Risk Management, Achieving Shared Growth, Economic Conditions and Volatility

30.

Does Openness Imply Greater Exposure?

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 3733
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 14 Oct 2005
Central Bank of Chile, World Bank - Research Department and Central Bank of Chile
Downloads 132 (212,017)
Citation 8

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External Shocks, Openness, Volatility, Growth, Non-linearities

31.

Why are Developing Countries so Slow in Adopting New Technologies? The Aggregate and Complementary Impact of Micro Distortions

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 5393
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
affiliation not provided to SSRN, World Bank - Research Department and Einaudi Institute for Economics and Finance (EIEF)
Downloads 128 (217,173)

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Economic Theory & Research, Emerging Markets, E-Business, Technology Industry, Political Economy

32.

Saving and Growth in Egypt

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 5529
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
Constantino Hevia and Norman Loayza
Universidad Torcuato Di Tella - Departamento de Economia and World Bank - Research Department
Downloads 127 (218,484)
Citation 2

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Economic Growth, Access to Finance, Economic Theory & Research, Emerging Markets, Achieving Shared Growth

33.

Do Capital Flows Respond to Risk and Return?

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 3059
Number of pages: 46 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
César A. Calderón, Norman Loayza and Luis Servén
Central Bank of Chile, World Bank - Research Department and World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)
Downloads 127 (218,484)
Citation 5

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34.

Illicit Activity and Money Laundering from an Economic Growth Perspective: A Model and an Application to Colombia

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 7578
Number of pages: 66 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
Edgar Villa, Norman Loayza and Martha Misas
Universidad de la Sabana, World Bank - Research Department and Pontifical University Javeriana Cali - Faculty of Economics and Business Administration
Downloads 118 (230,871)

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Economic Growth, Conflict and Fragile States, Economic Theory & Research, Industrial Economics

35.

On the Measurement of Market-Oriented Reforms

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 3371
Number of pages: 66 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
Norman Loayza and Raimundo Soto
World Bank - Research Department and Pontifical Catholic University of Chile - Institute of Economics
Downloads 116 (233,815)
Citation 4

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Do Middle Classes Bring Institutional Reforms?

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 6015
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
Norman Loayza, Jamele Rigolini and Gonzalo Llorente
World Bank - Research Department, New York University (NYU) - Department of Economics and affiliation not provided to SSRN
Downloads 94 (272,149)

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Inequality, Governance Indicators, Economic Theory & Research, Poverty Impact Evaluation, Achieving Shared Growth

Do Middle Classes Bring Institutional Reforms?

IZA Discussion Paper No. 6430
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 31 Mar 2012
Norman Loayza, Jamele Rigolini and Gonzalo Llorente
World Bank - Research Department, New York University (NYU) - Department of Economics and affiliation not provided to SSRN
Downloads 18 (539,923)

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poverty, middle class, income, institutions, development

Financial Development, Growth, and Crisis: Is There a Trade-Off?

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 8237
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 08 Nov 2017
Norman Loayza, Amine Ouazad and Romain Ranciere
World Bank - Research Department, HEC Montréal and International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Downloads 99 (262,985)

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Economic Growth, Economic Conditions and Volatility, Economic Theory & Research, Industrial Economics

Financial Development, Growth, and Crisis: Is There a Trade-Off?

NBER Working Paper No. w24474
Number of pages: 43 Posted: 12 Apr 2018
Norman Loayza, Amine Ouazad and Romain Rancière
World Bank - Research Department, HEC Montréal and University of Southern California
Downloads 12 (578,598)
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38.

External Sustainability: A Stock Equilibrium Perspective

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 2281
Number of pages: 43 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
César A. Calderón, Norman Loayza and Luis Servén
Central Bank of Chile, World Bank - Research Department and World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)
Downloads 109 (244,490)
Citation 8

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39.
Downloads 101 (257,776)
Citation 12

The Structural Determinants of External Vulnerability

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 4089
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
Norman Loayza and Claudio E. Raddatz
World Bank - Research Department and Central Bank of Chile
Downloads 101 (259,449)
Citation 12

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Pro-Poor Growth and Inequality, Free Trade, Economic Theory & Research, Inequality, Macroeconomic Management

The Structural Determinants of External Vulnerability

The World Bank Economic Review, Vol. 21, Issue 3, pp. 359-387, 2007
Posted: 16 Jun 2008
Norman Loayza and Claudio E. Raddatz
World Bank - Research Department and Central Bank of Chile

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F36, F41, F43

40.

Paradise Lost?: Growth, Convergence and Migration in the South Pacific

IMF Working Paper No. 95/28
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 15 Feb 2006
Paul Anthony Cashin and Norman Loayza
International Monetary Fund (IMF) and World Bank - Research Department
Downloads 93 (272,020)
Citation 4

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41.

The Future of Work: Race With-Not Against-The Machine

World Bank Research and Policy Briefs No. 129680
Number of pages: 4 Posted: 17 Sep 2018 Last Revised: 29 Mar 2019
Lay Lian Chuah, Norman Loayza and Achim Schmillen
World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG), World Bank - Research Department and Osteuropa-Institut (OEI)
Downloads 73 (314,887)

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Labor Markets, Rural Labor Markets, Armed Conflict, Food Security

Informality in the Process of Development and Growth

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 7858
Number of pages: 87 Posted: 13 Oct 2016
Norman Loayza
World Bank - Research Department
Downloads 69 (328,434)

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Informality in the Process of Development and Growth

The World Economy, Vol. 39, Issue 12, pp. 1856-1916, 2016
Number of pages: 61 Posted: 07 Jan 2017
Norman Loayza
World Bank - Research Department
Downloads 1 (665,210)
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43.

Saving and Growth in Sri Lanka

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 6300
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
Constantino Hevia and Norman Loayza
Universidad Torcuato Di Tella - Departamento de Economia and World Bank - Research Department
Downloads 66 (332,516)

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Economic Growth, Emerging Markets, Access to Finance, Economic Theory & Research, Achieving Shared Growth

44.

Global Trade: Slowdown, Factors, and Policies

World Bank Research and Policy Briefs No. 123899
Number of pages: 4 Posted: 17 Sep 2018 Last Revised: 29 Mar 2019
World Bank, World Bank - Research Department and Development Research Group, The World Bank
Downloads 61 (346,090)

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Trade and Multilateral Issues, Trade and Services, Trade Policy, Trade Facilitation, International Trade and Trade Rules, International Economics and Trade, Transport and Trade Logistics, Trade and Regional Integration, Private Sector Development, Industrial and Consumer Services and Products, Competitiveness and Competition Policy, Marketing, Labor Markets, Private Sector Development Law, Private Sector Economics, Industry, Law and Development, Social Policy, Legal Reform, Social Development, Treaties, Economics and Institutions, Public Sector Management and Reform, Macroeconomics and Economic Growth, Public Sector Development, Regulatory Regimes, International Law, Non Governmental Organiz

More than You Can Handle: Decentralization and Spending Ability of Peruvian Municipalities

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 5763
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
World Bank - Research Department, New York University (NYU) - Department of Economics and World Bank
Downloads 60 (353,723)

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Public Sector Expenditure Policy, Subnational Economic Development, Debt Markets, Political Economy, Municipal Financial Management

More than You Can Handle: Decentralization and Spending Ability of Peruvian Municipalities

Economics & Politics, Vol. 26, Issue 1, pp. 56-78, 2014
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 21 Jan 2014
World Bank - Research Department, New York University (NYU) - Department of Economics and World Bank
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46.

The Impact of Wealth on the Amount and Quality of Child Labor

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 5959
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 20 Apr 2016
Ximena V. Del Carpio and Norman Loayza
World Bank - Independent Evaluation Group and World Bank - Research Department
Downloads 58 (354,770)

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Street Children, Labor Policies, Labor Markets, Children and Youth, Youth and Governance

47.

Productivity Growth: Patterns and Determinants Across the World

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 8852
Number of pages: 71 Posted: 13 May 2019 Last Revised: 15 May 2019
Young Eun Kim and Norman Loayza
World Bank and World Bank - Research Department
Downloads 51 (376,514)

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Educational Sciences, Economic Theory & Research, Economic Growth, Industrial Economics, Judicial System Reform, International Trade and Trade Rules, Legal Reform, Regulatory Regimes, Social Policy, Common Property Resource Development, Legal Products, Legislation

48.

When is a Current Account Deficit Bad?

World Bank Research and Policy Briefs No. 130415
Number of pages: 4 Posted: 10 Oct 2018 Last Revised: 29 Mar 2019
Sharmila Devadas and Norman Loayza
Central Bank of Malaysia and World Bank - Research Department
Downloads 45 (396,766)

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International Trade and Trade Rules, Macroeconomic Management, Demographics

49.

Industrial Policies vs Public Goods Under Asymmetric Information

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 8052
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 05 May 2017
Universidad Torcuato Di Tella - Departamento de Economia, World Bank - Research Department and World Bank
Downloads 28 (466,528)

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Tax Law, Tax Administration, Macro-Fiscal Policy, Public Finance Decentralization and Poverty Reduction, Public Sector Economics, Marketing, Economic Adjustment and Lending, Private Sector Economics, Tax Policy, Taxation & Subsidies, Private Sector Development Law

50.

Slow Recoveries

NBER Working Paper No. w10584
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 07 Jul 2004 Last Revised: 09 Jul 2004
Raphael Bergoeing, Norman Loayza and Andrea Repetto
affiliation not provided to SSRN, World Bank - Research Department and University of Chile - Engineering Department
Downloads 28 (466,528)
Citation 7

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51.

Sectorial Macroeconomic Interdependences: Evidence for Latin America, East Asia and Europe

IMF Working Paper No. 99/11
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 08 Sep 1999
Norman Loayza, Humberto Lopez and Angel J. Ubide
World Bank - Research Department, World Bank - Research Department and Tudor Investment Corporation
Downloads 25 (482,142)
Citation 2

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52.

The Drive Toward Universal Health Coverage

World Bank Research and Policy Briefs No. 124552
Number of pages: 4 Posted: 17 Sep 2018 Last Revised: 29 Mar 2019
Young Eun Kim and Norman Loayza
World Bank and World Bank - Research Department
Downloads 22 (498,631)

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Health Care Services Industry, Health Service Management and Delivery, Health Insurance, Disease Control & Prevention

53.

The Golden Period for Growth in Chile: Explanations and Forecasts

ECONOMIC GROWTH: SOURCES, TRENDS AND CYCLES, N. Loayza, R. Soto, eds., 2003
Number of pages: 48 Posted: 03 Dec 2010 Last Revised: 19 Dec 2010
Francisco A. Gallego and Norman Loayza
Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile and World Bank - Research Department
Downloads 21 (504,254)
Citation 3

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Economic growth, productivity, Chile, policy complementarities

54.

Resource Misallocation and Productivity Gaps in Malaysia

World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 8368
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 21 Mar 2018
Lay Lian Chuah, Norman Loayza and Ha Nguyen
World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG), World Bank - Research Department and World Bank
Downloads 19 (515,656)

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Food & Beverage Industry, Common Carriers Industry, Business Cycles and Stabilization Policies, Construction Industry, Plastics & Rubber Industry, Pulp & Paper Industry, Textiles, Apparel & Leather Industry, General Manufacturing, Employment and Unemployment, Transport Services, Food Security, Public Sector Administrative & Civil Service Reform, Economics and Finance of Public Institution Development, De Facto Governments, Democratic Government, State Owned Enterprise Reform, Public Sector Administrative and Civil Service Reform

55.

Structural Transformation of the Agricultural Sector: A Primer

World Bank Research and Policy Briefs No. 104231
Number of pages: 4 Posted: 17 Sep 2018 Last Revised: 29 Mar 2019
Raian Divanbeigi, Nina Paustian and Norman Loayza
World Bank, World Bank and World Bank - Research Department
Downloads 16 (532,691)

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Climate Change and Agriculture, Common Carriers Industry, Food & Beverage Industry, Pulp & Paper Industry, Plastics & Rubber Industry, Agribusiness, Crops and Crop Management Systems, Agricultural Economics, International Trade and Trade Rules, Agricultural Trade, Food Security, Business Cycles and Stabilization Policies, Trade and Agriculture

56.

Productivity as the Key to Economic Growth and Development

World Bank Research and Policy Briefs No. 108092
Number of pages: 4 Posted: 17 Sep 2018 Last Revised: 29 Mar 2019
World Bank, World Bank - Research Department and World Bank
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Macro-Fiscal Policy, Economic Theory & Research, Taxation & Subsidies, Economic Adjustment and Lending, Industrial Economics, Public Sector Economics, Primary Education, Educational Sciences, International Trade and Trade Rules, Economic Growth, Public Finance Decentralization and Poverty Reduction

57.

Informality: Why is it so Widespread and How Can it Be Reduced?

World Bank Research and Policy Briefs No. 133110
Number of pages: 4 Posted: 26 Mar 2019 Last Revised: 29 Mar 2019
Norman Loayza
World Bank - Research Department
Downloads 9 (573,864)

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Labor Markets, Social Protections & Assistance, Employment and Unemployment

58.

What Drives Private Saving Across the World?

Review of Economics and Statistics, Vol. 82, No. 2, 2000
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 13 Sep 2017
Norman Loayza, Klaus Schmidt-Hebbel and Luis Servén
World Bank - Research Department, Pontifical Catholic University of Chile and World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)
Downloads 9 (573,864)
Citation 66

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Private savings, Estimators, Inflation rates, Savings rates, National savings, Statistical estimation, P values, Instrumental variables estimation, Ratios, Terms of trade

59.

The Middle-Income Trap: Myth or Reality?

World Bank Research and Policy Briefs No. 104230
Number of pages: 4 Posted: 17 Sep 2018 Last Revised: 29 Mar 2019
World Bank, World Bank - Research Department and World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)
Downloads 6 (592,004)

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Economic Theory & Research, Private Sector Economics, Industrial Economics, Educational Sciences, Private Sector Development Law, International Trade and Trade Rules, Economic Growth, Marketing

60.

Open Data: Differences and Implications Across Countries

World Bank Research and Policy Briefs No. 114829
Number of pages: 4 Posted: 17 Sep 2018 Last Revised: 29 Mar 2019
Lay Lian Chuah and Norman Loayza
World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG) and World Bank - Research Department
Downloads 5 (598,203)

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Economic Theory & Research, Industrial Economics, ICT Legal and Regulatory Framework, ICT Policy and Strategies, Information Security & Privacy, Educational Sciences, Economic Growth, Transport Services

61.

Should We Fear Foreign Exchange Depreciation?

World Bank Research and Policy Briefs No. 109374
Number of pages: 4 Posted: 17 Sep 2018 Last Revised: 29 Mar 2019
Norman Loayza and Fabian Mendez Ramos
World Bank - Research Department and Development Research Group, The World Bank
Downloads 4 (604,739)

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International Trade and Trade Rules, Macroeconomic Management, Bankruptcy and Resolution of Financial Distress, Commodity Risk Management

62.

Medium Term Business Cycles in Developing Countries

CEPR Discussion Paper No. DP8574
Number of pages: 55 Posted: 21 Sep 2011
Diego Comin, Norman Loayza, Farooq Pasha and Luis Servén
Harvard Business School, World Bank - Research Department, Boston College and World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)
Downloads 3 (612,191)
Citation 4
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business cycles in developing countries, co-movement between developed and developing economies, extensive margin of trade, FDI, product life cycle, volatility

63.

Saving in Developing Countries: An Overview

World Bank Economic Review, 14(3): 393-414, 2000
Posted: 05 Oct 2017
Norman Loayza, Luis Servén and Klaus Schmidt-Hebbel
World Bank - Research Department, World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG) and Pontifical Catholic University of Chile

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64.

Macroeconomic Volatility and Welfare in Developing Countries: An Introduction

The World Bank Economic Review, Vol. 21, No. 3, pp. 343-357, 2007
Posted: 16 Jun 2008
World Bank - Research Department, University of Southern California, World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG) and Universitat Pompeu Fabra - Centre de Recerca en Economia Internacional (CREI)

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65.

Inequality and Violent Crime

Journal of Law and Economics, Vol. 45, No. 1, Part 1
Posted: 01 May 2002
Daniel Lederman, Pablo Fajnzylber and Norman Loayza
World Bank - Latin America and Caribbean Region, World Bank - Economic Development Institute and World Bank - Research Department

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66.

Finance and the Sources of Growth

Journal of Financial Economics, Vol. 58, No. 1-2, Pp. 261-300, January 2000
Posted: 31 Jan 2001
Thorsten Beck, Ross Levine and Norman Loayza
City University London - Sir John Cass Business School, University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business and World Bank - Research Department

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Growth, Financial Intermediation