Esther Pérez Ruiz

International Monetary Fund (IMF)

700 19th Street, N.W.

Washington, DC 20431

United States







Scholarly Papers (7)


Can Institutional Reform Reduce Job Destruction and Unemployment Duration? Yes it Can

IMF Working Paper No. NO.12/54
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 28 Feb 2012
Esther Pérez Ruiz and Yao Yao
International Monetary Fund (IMF) and University of Mannheim
Downloads 40 (417,172)
Citation 2



Search Model, Labor Market Institutions, Unemployment Inflows, Unemployment Duration, Economic Models, Labor Market Policy, Labor Market Reforms, Oecd


Fiscal Consolidations and Growth: Does Speed Matter?

IMF Working Paper No. 13/230
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 10 Dec 2013
Steven Pennings and Esther Pérez Ruiz
New York University (NYU) and International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Downloads 38 (425,061)



Fiscal consolidation, Economic growth, Government expenditures, Developed countries, Time series, Economic models, Fiscal policy, fiscal multipliers, anticipation effects, government spending, fiscal consolidations, fiscal adjustment, fiscal rules, spending cuts, fiscal contractions, budget surplus, fiscal consolidation on growth, fiscal efforts, taxation, increase in consumption, fiscal retrenchments, tax cuts, aggregate demand, budget measures, fiscal balances, fiscal changes, fiscal shock, tax changes, public debt, fiscal model, public expenditures, size of multipliers, fiscal years, fiscal shocks


The EU Services Directive: Gains from Further Liberalization

IMF Working Paper No. 14/113
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 01 Aug 2014
Emilio Fernández Corugedo and Esther Pérez Ruiz
Bank of England and International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Downloads 36 (433,131)



Services sector, European Economic and Monetary Union, Euro Area, Competition, Econometric models, Services sectors, Services Directive, Input-output economics, Growth theory, Competition authorities, intermediate goods, multiplier effects, regulatory barriers, national competition, intensity of competition, free competition, intermediate inputs, output growth, national law, regulatory framework, liberalizing services


How Do Fiscal and Labor Policies in France Affect Inequality?

IMF Working Paper No. 16/41
Number of pages: 45 Posted: 28 Mar 2016
Raphael A. Espinoza and Esther Pérez Ruiz
International Monetary Fund (IMF) and International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Downloads 30 (459,184)



redistribution, market income inequality, labor market policies, fiscal policies, labor, unemployment, minimum wage, workers, income distribution, Personal Income and Wealth Distribution, Factor Income Distribution, Equity, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement


Demand Patterns in France, Germany, and Belgium: Can We Explain the Differences?

IMF Working Paper No. 14/165
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 03 Oct 2014
Igor Lebrun and Esther Pérez Ruiz
affiliation not provided to SSRN and International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Downloads 26 (479,171)



Demand, France, Germany, Belgium, Private consumption, Disposable income, Capital expenditure, Exports, Cross country analysis, Econometric models, growth, demand patterns, Belgium., household income, income growth, cost of capital, consumer confidence, risk aversion, consumption function, consumer spending, business cycles, consumption growth, permanent income, permanent income hypothesis, investment spending, income effects, insurance markets, consumption expenditure, consumption equation, consumption plans, capital spending, marginal utility of consumption, consumption over time, consumption goods, investment function, labor income, financial balance


To Bet or Not to Bet: Copper Price Uncertainty and Investment in Chile

IMF Working Paper No. 16/218
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 03 Jan 2017
Fabio Comelli and Esther Pérez Ruiz
European Central Bank (ECB) and International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Downloads 21 (506,854)



Commodity prices, Chile, Copper, Investment, Options, Exchange rates, Vector autoregression, copper price, exchange rate, uncertainty, investment, option contracts, vector autoregression, Chile


Outside the Band: Depreciation and Inflation Dynamics in Chile

IMF Working Paper No. 16/129
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 09 Dec 2016
Esther Pérez Ruiz
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Downloads 9 (577,320)



Inflation, Chile, Exchange rate depreciation, Goods, Monetary policy, Floating exchange rates, Exchange rate regimes, Small open economies, Econometric models, Time series, traded goods inflation, non-traded goods inflation, exchange rate pass-through, indexation, monetary policy, Chile