Robert E. Litan

Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) - Council on Foreign Relations- Washington D.C.

Adjunct Senior Fellow

1777 F Street, NW

Washington, DC 20006

United States

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

58

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57

CROSSREF CITATIONS

156

Scholarly Papers (58)

1.

Good Capitalism, Bad Capitalism, and the Economics of Growth and Prosperity

Number of pages: 334 Posted: 16 May 2007
William J. Baumol, Robert E. Litan and Carl J Schramm
New York University - Stern School of Business, Berkley Center for Entrepreneurial Studies, Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) - Council on Foreign Relations- Washington D.C. and Syracuse University
Downloads 5,055 (1,648)
Citation 196

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capitalism, entrepreneur, innovation

2.

Statement on Prediction Markets

AEI-Brookings Joint Center Related Publication No. 07-11
Number of pages: 8 Posted: 07 May 2007
Stanford University - Department of Economics, Yale University - School of Management, University of South Florida - College of Business, Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) - Council on Foreign Relations- Washington D.C., Dartmouth College, Illinois Institute of Technology, University of Oxford, Smith School, George Mason University, Princeton University, California Institute of Technology - Division of the Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Chicago Law School, Stanford University, University of Iowa - Henry B. Tippie College of Business - Department of Economics, University of Iowa - Henry B. Tippie College of Business - Department of Economics, Bocconi University - Department of Economics, California Institute of Technology - Division of the Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Maryland, Yale University - Cowles Foundation, Chapman University - Economic Science Institute, Independent, Harvard Law School, Columbia Business School - Finance, University of California, Berkeley - Organizational Behavior & Industrial Relations Group, University of California, Berkeley - School of Information and University of Michigan at Ann Arbor - Department of Economics
Downloads 3,814 (2,699)
Citation 26

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prediction markets, public policy, forecasting, regulation

3.

Rules for Growth: Promoting Innovation and Growth Through Legal Reform

Yale Law & Economics Research Paper No. 426, Stanford Law and Economics Olin Working Paper No. 410, UC Berkeley Public Law Research Paper No. 1757982
Number of pages: 513 Posted: 08 Feb 2011 Last Revised: 20 Feb 2014
Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) - Council on Foreign Relations- Washington D.C., Harvard University, George Mason University - Antonin Scalia Law School, Faculty, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Human Dynamics Group, Arizona State University (ASU) - School for the Future of Innovation in Society, University of California, Berkeley - School of Law, University of California at Berkeley, Notre Dame Law School, Stanford Law School, Vermont Law School, University of Toronto, Stanford Law School, University of California, Berkeley - School of Law, Yale University - Law School, University of Illinois College of Law (deceased), Columbia University - Columbia Law School, Yale University - Law School, Harvard Law School, Columbia University - Law School, Israel Supreme Court, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign - Graduate School of Library and Information Science, Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation, American Enterprise Institute and affiliation not provided to SSRN
Downloads 2,867 (4,408)
Citation 1

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entrepreneurship, policy, growth, rules, innovation, immigration, intellectual property, ip, university, business, federal, national, patent

4.

Commercializing University Innovations: Alternative Approaches

Number of pages: 35 Posted: 31 Mar 2007
Robert E. Litan, Lesa Mitchell and E. J. Reedy
Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) - Council on Foreign Relations- Washington D.C., Techstars and University of Chicago - Polsky Center for Entrepreneurship
Downloads 2,806 (4,571)
Citation 23

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technology transfer, commercialization, Bayh-Dole Act

5.

Economists' Statement on Network Neutrality Policy

AEI-Brookings Joint Center Working Paper No. RP07-08
Number of pages: 7 Posted: 28 Mar 2007
New York University - Stern School of Business, Berkley Center for Entrepreneurial Studies, Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) - Council on Foreign Relations- Washington D.C., University of Warwick - Warwick Business School, University of Maryland - Department of Economics, University of Oxford, Smith School, Clemson University, Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, National Economic Research Associates Inc. (NERA) (Deceased), Georgetown University - Department of Strategy/Economics/Ethics/Public Policy, Groupe d'Economie Mondiale at Sciences Po (GEM Paris), Stanford University, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management, Chapman University - Economic Science Institute, Technology Policy Institute, London Business School, New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics and University of Colorado at Boulder - Department of Economics
Downloads 2,448 (5,736)
Citation 7

Abstract:

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network neutrality, legislation, economics

6.

Unintended Consequences of Net Neutrality Regulation

Journal on Telecommunications and High Technology Law, 2007
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 03 Nov 2006
Hal J. Singer and Robert E. Litan
Econ One and Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) - Council on Foreign Relations- Washington D.C.
Downloads 1,856 (9,149)

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net neutrality, broadband, regulation, network industries, quality of service, QoS

7.

The Economics of 'Wireless Net Neutrality'

AEI-Brookings Joint Center Working Paper No. RP07-10
Number of pages: 53 Posted: 28 Apr 2007
Robert W. Hahn, Robert E. Litan and Hal J. Singer
University of Oxford, Smith School, Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) - Council on Foreign Relations- Washington D.C. and Econ One
Downloads 1,459 (13,404)
Citation 12

Abstract:

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network neutrality, regulation, wireless networks

8.

Net Neutrality Regulation: The Economic Evidence

Number of pages: 32 Posted: 10 Apr 2010 Last Revised: 21 Apr 2013
Independent, University of Warwick - Warwick Business School, Brookings Institution, The American Consumer Institute, ESC Company, NERA Economic Consulting, George Washington University - Regulatory Studies Center, Independent, Carnegie Mellon University - School of Computer Science, University of Pennsylvania - Wharton School, University of Oxford, Smith School, National Economic Research Associates Inc. (NERA) (Deceased), Francisco Marroquin University, Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) - Council on Foreign Relations- Washington D.C., University of Virginia School of Law, Econ One, Chapman University - Economic Science Institute, Marsh & McLennan Companies - Cambridge Office, Advanced Analytical Consulting Group, Inc., London Business School and Kansas State University - Department of Economics
Downloads 1,456 (13,462)
Citation 4

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net neutrality, FCC, Internet, broadband, regulation

9.

Entrepreneurship and Urban Success: Toward a Policy Consensus

Number of pages: 27 Posted: 28 Feb 2008 Last Revised: 28 Sep 2014
Schar School of Policy and Government, Harvard University - Department of Economics, Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) - Council on Foreign Relations- Washington D.C., Harvard University - Technology & Operations Management Unit, Pennsylvania State University - The Northeastern Regional Center for Rural Development, Harvard University - Entrepreneurial Management Unit, Carnegie Mellon University - David A. Tepper School of Business, Syracuse University - Department of Economics, Yale School of Management and University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 1,154 (19,211)
Citation 12

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entrepreneurship, policy, urban, city, local, state, regional, roadmap, economy

10.

Supreme Court Amicus Brief of Professors and Scholars in Law and Economics in Support of Certiorari, Pacific Bell Telephone Co. v. linkLine Communications, Inc., No. 07-512 (filed Nov. 16, 2007)

U.S. Supreme Court
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 19 Nov 2007 Last Revised: 23 May 2012
New York University - Stern School of Business, Berkley Center for Entrepreneurial Studies, Independent, Brookings Institution, Georgetown University - Robert Emmett McDonough School of Business, University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - Department of Economics, NERA Economic Consulting, University of Virginia - Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania - Wharton School, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Department of Economics, University of Virginia School of Law, University of Oxford, Smith School, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Department of Economics, University of California, Berkeley - School of Law, Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) - Council on Foreign Relations- Washington D.C., Yale School of Management (Deceased), Criterion Economics, L.L.C., University of California, Berkeley - Business & Public Policy Group and Northwestern University - Kellogg School of Management
Downloads 1,119 (20,108)

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11.

2013 State of Entrepreneurship Address: 'Financing Entrepreneurial Growth'

Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation Research Paper
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 07 Feb 2013
Madrona Venture Group, Bogan Associates, LLC, Private Investor, University of California, Berkeley - School of Law, Gruter Institute for Law and Behavioral Research, Vermont Law School, WR Hambrecht + Co, National Association of Securities Dealers, Inc., NASD, University of Oxford - Said Business School, Independent, Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation, Harvard Business School - Finance Unit, Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) - Council on Foreign Relations- Washington D.C., Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation, Harvard University - Entrepreneurial Management Unit, University of California, Berkeley - School of Law, BATS Global Markets, Inc., AngelList, University of Florida - Department of Finance, Insurance and Real Estate, University of Colorado at Boulder, Fuqua School of Business, Duke University, Independent, SecondMarket, Babson College, Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation and Astia
Downloads 858 (29,588)
Citation 1

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state of entrepreneurship, entrepreneurship, state, national, policy, job creation, regulation, barriers, growth, finance, crowdfunding, bank debt, IPO, venture capital

12.

Interchange Fees: The Economics and Regulation of What Merchants Pay for Cards

INTERCHANGE FEES: THE ECONOMICS AND REGULATION OF WHAT MERCHANTS PAY FOR CARDS, David S. Evans, ed., Competition Policy International, 2011
Number of pages: 228 Posted: 18 Dec 2011
Global Economics Group, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management, Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) - Council on Foreign Relations- Washington D.C., Charles River Associates - Chicago Office, Global Economics Group, LLC, Market Platform Dynamics and affiliation not provided to SSRN
Downloads 838 (30,625)
Citation 1

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interchange fees, two-sided markets, credit cards, debit cards, payment cards

13.

Economic Analysis of the Effects of the Federal Reserve Board’s Proposed Debit Card Interchange Fee Regulations on Consumers and Small Businesses

Number of pages: 51 Posted: 26 Feb 2011 Last Revised: 01 Mar 2011
David S. Evans, Robert E. Litan and Richard Schmalensee
Global Economics Group, Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) - Council on Foreign Relations- Washington D.C. and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 795 (32,916)
Citation 2

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Debit Cards, Interchange Fees, Financial Regulation, Durbin, Federal Reserve Board

14.

Economists' Statement on U.S. Broadband Policy

AEI-Brookings Joint Center Working Paper No. 06-06-01
Number of pages: 4 Posted: 23 Mar 2006
New York University - Stern School of Business, Berkley Center for Entrepreneurial Studies, University of Pennsylvania - Business & Public Policy Department, Institute for International Economics, Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) - Council on Foreign Relations- Washington D.C., University of Maryland - Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania - Wharton School, University of Texas at Austin - Lyndon B. Johnson School of Public Affairs, University of California, Berkeley - Department of Economics, University of Chicago - Booth School of Business, Harvard University - Technology & Operations Management Unit, University of Oxford, Smith School, Hoover Institution and Department of Economics, Stanford University, Clemson University, National Economic Research Associates Inc. (NERA) (Deceased), Georgetown University - Department of Strategy/Economics/Ethics/Public Policy, Stanford University, New York University (NYU) - Department of Economics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management, Stanford Institute for Economic Policy Research, University of Colorado at Boulder - Department of Economics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management, Georgetown University, University of California, Berkeley - Business & Public Policy Group, University of California, Berkeley - School of Information, Technology Policy Institute, Kansas State University - Department of Economics and Institute for Business Innovation
Downloads 764 (34,738)

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15.

The Myth of Network Neutrality and What We Should Do About it

AEI-Brookings Joint Center Working Paper No. RP06-33
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 29 Nov 2006
Robert W. Hahn and Robert E. Litan
University of Oxford, Smith School and Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) - Council on Foreign Relations- Washington D.C.
Downloads 727 (37,188)
Citation 7

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internet, net neutrality

16.

Clean Water Act Brief

Reg-Markets Center Brief No. 08-03
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 27 Jul 2008
Stanford University - Department of Economics, New York University - Stern School of Business, Berkley Center for Entrepreneurial Studies, Columbia University - Law School, Stanford University - The Hoover Institution on War, Revolution and Peace, Brookings Institution, University of Maryland - Department of Economics, University of Chicago - Department of Economics, University of Oxford, Smith School, NERA Economic Consulting, Columbia Business School - Finance and Economics, National Economic Research Associates Inc. (NERA) (Deceased), Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) - Council on Foreign Relations- Washington D.C., Yale School of Management (Deceased), George Mason University - Center for Study of Public Choice, NERA Economic Consulting, Cato Institute, Stanford University - Department of Economics, University of Maryland - Department of Economics, Milken Institute, University of Chicago, Booth School of Business, University of Arizona - Eller College of Management, Princeton University - Department of Economics, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, University of Maryland, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management, Brookings Institution, Arizona State University (ASU) - Economics Department, Chapman University - Economic Science Institute, Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS), Vanderbilt University - Law School, New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics and Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS)
Downloads 697 (39,384)

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17.

Finding Business 'Idols': A New Model to Accelerate Start-Ups

Number of pages: 9 Posted: 30 Jul 2007
Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation, Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation, Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) - Council on Foreign Relations- Washington D.C., Techstars and Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation
Downloads 606 (47,441)
Citation 6

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angel investor, american idol, venture capital, high-tech

18.

Valuing Health Care: Improving Productivity and Quality

Number of pages: 64 Posted: 20 Apr 2012
Stanford University - Department of Economics, University of Wisconsin - Madison - Department of Economics, New America Foundation, Duke University - School of Medicine, Arizona State University (ASU) - School for the Future of Innovation in Society, Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation, Drug Discovery Center of Innovation, Sage Bionetworks, Manhattan Institute for Policy Research, University of Pennsylvania - Wharton School, Georgetown University Law Center, Cato Institute, Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) - Council on Foreign Relations- Washington D.C., Dr. Susan Love Research Foundation, EGL Advisors/The Ludy Family Foundation, Techstars, Harvard University - Department of Health Policy & Management, Novartis Pharmaceutical Corporation - Novartis Oncology, Arizona State University, Mayo Clinic Center for Individualized Medicine, Yale University - Law School, Duke University School of Law, Brookings Institution, Duke University, School of Law, Syracuse University, Yale University - Law School, Pfizer, Inc., West Wireless Health Institute, Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation, Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation and Sage Bionetworks
Downloads 565 (51,868)
Citation 1

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health care, health, policy, productivity, regulation

19.

Vertical Separation of Telecommunications Networks: Evidence from Five Countries

Federal Communications Law Journal, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 13 Sep 2009 Last Revised: 06 Apr 2012
Brookings Institution, NERA Economic Consulting and Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) - Council on Foreign Relations- Washington D.C.
Downloads 494 (61,464)

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telecommunications, unbundling, broadband, technology, innovation

20.

Law and Policy in the Age of the Internet

AEI-Brookings Joint Center Working Paper No. 01-4
Number of pages: 43 Posted: 09 Oct 2001
Robert E. Litan
Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) - Council on Foreign Relations- Washington D.C.
Downloads 477 (64,220)
Citation 1

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21.

The Future of the Research University: Meeting the Global Challenges of the 21st Century

Number of pages: 148 Posted: 05 May 2009
Syracuse University, affiliation not provided to SSRN, affiliation not provided to SSRN, Jonkoping University, University of Cologne, Government of Portugal, Technical University of Munich, Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR), Tel Aviv University - Eitan Berglas School of Economics, University of Virginia, Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation, Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) - Council on Foreign Relations- Washington D.C. and Techstars
Downloads 436 (71,639)

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university, entrepreneurial, united states, europe, economy, development, global

22.

Are Google’s Search Results Unfair or Deceptive Under Section 5 of the FTC Act?

Number of pages: 19 Posted: 08 May 2012
Robert E. Litan and Hal J. Singer
Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) - Council on Foreign Relations- Washington D.C. and Econ One
Downloads 426 (73,668)
Citation 1

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Google, FTC, Section 5, Antitrust, Competition

23.

On the Road to an Entrepreneurial Economy: A Research and Policy Guide

Number of pages: 40 Posted: 28 Feb 2007
Robert E. Litan
Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) - Council on Foreign Relations- Washington D.C.
Downloads 388 (82,126)

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entrepreneurial policy, economic growth, innovation, entrepreneur

24.

ETFs and the Present Danger to Capital Formation

Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation Research Paper
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 21 Oct 2011
Harold S Bradley and Robert E. Litan
Private Investor and Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) - Council on Foreign Relations- Washington D.C.
Downloads 387 (82,381)
Citation 6

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ETF, senate, securities, insurance, investments, capital formation

25.

Counting Regulatory Benefits and Costs: Lessons for the U.S. And Europe

Journal of International Economic Law, Vol. 8, No. 2, 2005, AEI-Brookings Joint Center Working Paper No. 04-07
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 17 May 2005
Robert W. Hahn and Robert E. Litan
University of Oxford, Smith School and Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) - Council on Foreign Relations- Washington D.C.
Downloads 382 (83,677)

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regulatory benefits and costs, U.S., Europe

26.

Improving Regulation: Start with the Analysis and Work from There

AEI-Brookings Joint Center Working Paper No. 00-01
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 11 Oct 2005
Robert W. Hahn and Robert E. Litan
University of Oxford, Smith School and Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) - Council on Foreign Relations- Washington D.C.
Downloads 373 (86,099)

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27.

Remedies Brief of Amici Curiae

Number of pages: 79 Posted: 04 Nov 2000
Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) - Council on Foreign Relations- Washington D.C., Stanford University - Department of Economics, Yale University - Department of Economics and Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS)
Downloads 362 (89,079)
Citation 3

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28.

National Ambient Air Quality Standards (Naaqs) Brief

AEI-Brookings Joint Center Working Paper No. B00-01
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 17 Nov 2006
Stanford University - Department of Economics, New York University - Stern School of Business, Berkley Center for Entrepreneurial Studies, University of Pennsylvania - Business & Public Policy Department, Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) - Council on Foreign Relations- Washington D.C., Columbia University - Law School, Stanford University - The Hoover Institution on War, Revolution and Peace, Princeton University, Woodrow Wilson School, Brookings Institution, University of Maryland - Department of Economics, American Enterprise Institute (AEI), Charles River Associates (CRA), Mendocino College, Canadian Investment Review - Rogers Media, affiliation not provided to SSRN, University of Oxford, Smith School, Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, National Economic Research Associates Inc. (NERA) (Deceased), Princeton University - Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Carnegie Mellon University - David A. Tepper School of Business (Deceased), American Enterprise Institute (AEI), Yale School of Management (Deceased), University of Michigan, Stephen M. Ross School of Business, George Mason University - Center for Study of Public Choice, Cato Institute, Yale University - Department of Economics, University of Maryland - Department of Economics, Milken Institute, University of Chicago, Booth School of Business, University of Arizona - Eller College of Management, Brookings Institution, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management, Brookings Institution, Arizona State University (ASU) - Economics Department, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Department of Economics, Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS), Columbia Business School - Finance and Economics, Haas School of Business, UC Berkeley, Vanderbilt University - Law School, Washington University in St. Louis - Murray Weidenbaum Center on the Economy, Government, and Public Policy, University of California, Berkeley - Economic Analysis & Policy Group and Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS)
Downloads 356 (90,756)

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EPA, D.C. Circuit, regulatory actions

29.

Choking the Recovery: Why New Growth Companies Aren't Going Public and Unrecognized Risks of Future Market Disruptions

Number of pages: 88 Posted: 09 Nov 2010 Last Revised: 20 Feb 2014
Harold S Bradley and Robert E. Litan
Private Investor and Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) - Council on Foreign Relations- Washington D.C.
Downloads 338 (96,259)
Citation 10

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etf, htf, exchange traded fund, high-frequency trading, economic recovery, IPO, growth, market

30.

Where Will the Jobs Come from?

Number of pages: 16 Posted: 31 Mar 2010
Dane Stangler and Robert E. Litan
Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation and Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) - Council on Foreign Relations- Washington D.C.
Downloads 333 (97,832)
Citation 16

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recession, census, entrepreneurs, job creation, startups

31.

Constitutional Issues in Information Privacy

AEI-Brookings Joint Center Working Paper No. 01-11
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 09 Oct 2001
Fred H. Cate and Robert E. Litan
Indiaan University Maurer School of Law and Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) - Council on Foreign Relations- Washington D.C.
Downloads 319 (102,701)

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32.

Bandwidth for the People

Policy Review, No. 127, October-November 2004, AEI-Brookings Joint Center Regulatory Analysis 04-01
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 24 May 2005
Brookings Institution, University of Oxford, Smith School, Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) - Council on Foreign Relations- Washington D.C. and Technology Policy Institute
Downloads 266 (124,600)

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broadband, universal, March 2004, Bush

33.

The Economic Principles for Establishing Reasonable Regulation of Debit-Card Interchange Fees that Could Improve Consumer Welfare

Number of pages: 28 Posted: 26 Feb 2011 Last Revised: 01 Mar 2011
David S. Evans, Robert E. Litan and Richard Schmalensee
Global Economics Group, Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) - Council on Foreign Relations- Washington D.C. and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 264 (125,613)
Citation 2

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Debit Cards, Interchange Fees, Financial Regulation

34.

Internet Telephones: Hanging Up on Regulation?

AEI-Brookings Joint Center Working Paper No. 03-12
Number of pages: 8 Posted: 24 May 2005
University of Oxford, Smith School, Brookings Institution, Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) - Council on Foreign Relations- Washington D.C. and Technology Policy Institute
Downloads 262 (126,651)

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Voice over Internet Protocol, VoIP, FCC

35.

Balancing Costs and Benefits of New Privacy Mandates

AEI-Brookings Working Paper 99-03
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 27 Sep 1999
Robert E. Litan
Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) - Council on Foreign Relations- Washington D.C.
Downloads 256 (129,780)
Citation 3

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36.

Supreme Court Amicus Brief of Professors and Scholars in Law and Economics in Support of the Petitioners, Pacific Bell Telephone Co. v. Linkline Communications, Inc., No. 07-512 (Filed Sept. 4, 2008)

U.S. Supreme Court
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 11 Sep 2008 Last Revised: 23 May 2012
New York University - Stern School of Business, Berkley Center for Entrepreneurial Studies, Independent, Brookings Institution, Georgetown University - Robert Emmett McDonough School of Business, University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - Department of Economics, NERA Economic Consulting, University of Virginia - Department of Economics, New York University School of Law, University of Pennsylvania - Wharton School, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Department of Economics, University of Virginia School of Law, University of Oxford, Smith School, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Department of Economics, Boston University - School of Law, University of California, Berkeley - School of Law, Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) - Council on Foreign Relations- Washington D.C., Yale School of Management (Deceased), University of Chicago, Booth School of Business, Criterion Economics, L.L.C., University of California, Berkeley - Business & Public Policy Group and Northwestern University - Kellogg School of Management
Downloads 252 (131,808)

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37.

Paying Less for Real Estate Brokerage: What Can Make it Happen?

AEI-Brookings Joint Center Working Paper No. 05-11
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 19 Jul 2005
Robert W. Hahn, Robert E. Litan and Jesse Gurman
University of Oxford, Smith School, Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) - Council on Foreign Relations- Washington D.C. and AEI-Brookings Joint Center for Regulatory Studies
Downloads 246 (135,097)
Citation 4

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real estate, brokerage, residential, anti-competitive

38.

Beyond Gaap

Regulation, Vol. 26, No. 3, Fall 2003
Number of pages: 6 Posted: 02 Mar 2004
Peter J. Wallison and Robert E. Litan
American Enterprise Institute (AEI) and Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) - Council on Foreign Relations- Washington D.C.
Downloads 243 (136,702)

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Enron, GAAP, Generally Accepted Accounting Principles, depreciation, asset, stock valuation, price/earnings ratio, cash flow projections, SEC, Securities and Exchange Commission, accounting practices, failure, success, financial indicators, performance indicators, intangibles

39.

College 2.0: An Entrepreneurial Approach to Reforming Higher Education - Overcoming Barriers and Fostering Innovation (Papers from the Entrepreneurship in Higher Education Retreat, December 2011)

Number of pages: 80 Posted: 08 Jun 2012
Ben Wildavsky and Robert E. Litan
College Board Policy Center and Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) - Council on Foreign Relations- Washington D.C.
Downloads 206 (160,163)

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higher education, entrepreneurship, barriers, policy

40.

A Market-Based Approach for Crossing the Valley of Death: The Benefits of a Capital Gains Exemption for Investments in Startups

Number of pages: 9 Posted: 07 Feb 2012
Robert E. Litan and Alicia Robb
Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) - Council on Foreign Relations- Washington D.C. and University of Colorado at Boulder
Downloads 195 (168,520)
Citation 1

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capital gains, tax exemption, policy, startup

41.

Ensuring State and Municipal Solvency: A Financial Innovations Lab Report

Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation Research Paper
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 11 Oct 2010
Betsy Zeidman, Rick Palacios and Robert E. Litan
Milken Institute, Milken Institute and Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) - Council on Foreign Relations- Washington D.C.
Downloads 166 (194,276)

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Finance, State, Local, Municipal, Government, Budget, Shortfall, Fiscal

42.

Antitrust Policy During the Clinton Administration

UC Berkeley, Center for Competition Policy Working Paper No. CPC01-22
Number of pages: 75 Posted: 21 Feb 2004
Carl Shapiro and Robert E. Litan
University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business and Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) - Council on Foreign Relations- Washington D.C.
Downloads 160 (200,526)
Citation 7

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antitrust, antitrust enforcement, mergers

43.

After Inception: How Enduring is Job Creation by Startups?

Number of pages: 16 Posted: 11 Aug 2010
Michael Horrell and Robert E. Litan
Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation and Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) - Council on Foreign Relations- Washington D.C.
Downloads 154 (207,003)
Citation 5

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firm formation, BDS, business dynamics statistics, startup, job creation

44.

Improving Regulatory Accountability

Number of pages: 41 Posted: 26 May 2009
Robert W. Hahn and Robert E. Litan
University of Oxford, Smith School and Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) - Council on Foreign Relations- Washington D.C.
Downloads 140 (223,779)
Citation 1

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45.

An Analysis of the Third Government Report on the Benefits and Costs of Federal Regulations

AEI-Brookings Joint Center Regulatory Analysis 00-1
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 25 Sep 2000
Robert W. Hahn and Robert E. Litan
University of Oxford, Smith School and Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) - Council on Foreign Relations- Washington D.C.
Downloads 138 (226,346)
Citation 1

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46.

Inventive Billion Dollar Firms: A Faster Way to Grow

Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation Research Paper
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 08 Dec 2010
Robert E. Litan
Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) - Council on Foreign Relations- Washington D.C.
Downloads 128 (240,070)

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GDP, America, High Growth, Billion, Percentage Point, Economic Growth, Growth

47.

Canaries in the Coal Mine: How the Rise in Settlement 'Fails' Creates Systemic Risk for Financial Firms and Investors

Number of pages: 18 Posted: 02 Mar 2011 Last Revised: 20 Feb 2014
Private Investor, affiliation not provided to SSRN, Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) - Council on Foreign Relations- Washington D.C. and affiliation not provided to SSRN
Downloads 124 (245,733)
Citation 5

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fails to deliver, financial, fail, liquidity, risk, security, regulation, securities

48.

Regulation of Interstate Wine Shipments

AEI-Brookings Joint Center Working Paper No. B04-02
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 13 Nov 2006
University of California, Berkeley, University of California, Berkeley - Department of Economics, Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) - Council on Foreign Relations- Washington D.C., Chapman University - Economic Science Institute, George Mason University - Department of Economics, University of Oxford, Smith School and University of California, Berkeley
Downloads 113 (263,116)
Citation 1

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in-state, out-of-state, wineries, Commerce Clause

49.

Consumer Welfare Implications of Regulating Rent-to-Own Transactions

Number of pages: 52 Posted: 18 May 2012
Howard Beales, Jeffrey A. Eisenach and Robert E. Litan
George Washington University - School of Business, NERA Economic Consulting and Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) - Council on Foreign Relations- Washington D.C.
Downloads 100 (286,336)
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50.

A License to Grow: Ending State, Local, and Some Federal Barriers to Innovation and Growth in Key Sectors of the U.S. Economy

Number of pages: 16 Posted: 09 Feb 2012
Indiana University Maurer School of Law, Cato Institute, University of Missouri at Kansas City - School of Law, Drexel University Thomas R. Kline School of Law, Brown University, Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) - Council on Foreign Relations- Washington D.C. and University of Illinois College of Law (deceased)
Downloads 74 (344,497)
Citation 1

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state, policy, barrier, economic growth

51.

Knowledge Economy Immigration: A Priority for U.S. Growth Policy

Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation Research Paper
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 10 Oct 2012
Tim J. Kane and Robert E. Litan
Hoover Institution and Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) - Council on Foreign Relations- Washington D.C.
Downloads 65 (369,395)

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immigration, immigrant, economic growth, entrepreneur, policy, economic, HSI, highly skilled

52.

Starting Smaller; Staying Smaller: America's Slow Leak in Job Creation

Number of pages: 20 Posted: 12 Jul 2011
E. J. Reedy and Robert E. Litan
University of Chicago - Polsky Center for Entrepreneurship and Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) - Council on Foreign Relations- Washington D.C.
Downloads 63 (375,348)
Citation 6

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job creation, recession, startup, economic growth, policy

53.

The Benefits and Costs of I-File

Number of pages: 55 Posted: 29 Aug 2008
Robert E. Litan, Jeffrey A. Eisenach and Kevin W. Caves
Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) - Council on Foreign Relations- Washington D.C., NERA Economic Consulting and Econ One Research
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54.

Startup Act for the States

Number of pages: 24 Posted: 10 Aug 2012
Dane Stangler, Robert E. Litan and Yasuyuki Motoyama
Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation, Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) - Council on Foreign Relations- Washington D.C. and University of Kansas - Geography & Atmospheric Science Department
Downloads 44 (440,991)

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job creation, policy, startup, business, growth, entrepreneurship, state

55.

Kauffman Economic Bloggers Survey

Kauffman Foundation Panel Study on Entrepreneurial Dynamics Research
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 17 Aug 2009
Tim J. Kane and Robert E. Litan
Hoover Institution and Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) - Council on Foreign Relations- Washington D.C.
Downloads 39 (461,652)

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economics, bloggers, blog, blogging, entrepreneurship, economy, recovery

56.

The Economics of Wireless Net Neutrality

Journal of Competition Law and Economics, Vol. 3, Issue 3, pp. 399-451, 2007
Posted: 14 Jul 2008
Robert W. Hahn, Robert E. Litan and Hal J. Singer
University of Oxford, Smith School, Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) - Council on Foreign Relations- Washington D.C. and Econ One

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57.

Counting Regulatory Benefits and Costs: Lessons for the Us and Europe

Journal of International Economic Law, Vol. 8, No. 2, pp. 473-508, 2005
Posted: 29 Feb 2008
Robert W. Hahn and Robert E. Litan
University of Oxford, Smith School and Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) - Council on Foreign Relations- Washington D.C.

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anaemia management, cost-effectiveness, dose, epoetin, safety and tolerability, subcutaneous administration

58.

Corporate Disclosure in the Internet Age

AEI-Brookings Joint Center Working Paper No. . 00-07
Posted: 12 Oct 2000
Peter J. Wallison and Robert E. Litan
American Enterprise Institute (AEI) and Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) - Council on Foreign Relations- Washington D.C.

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