Tom W. Bell

Chapman University, The Dale E. Fowler School of Law

Professor

One University Drive

Orange, CA 92866-1099

United States

http://www.tomwbell.com

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

35

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6,225

CITATIONS
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16

Scholarly Papers (35)

1.

The Constitution as if Consent Mattered

16 Chapman L. Rev. 269
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 30 Jan 2013 Last Revised: 24 Feb 2014
Tom W. Bell
Chapman University, The Dale E. Fowler School of Law
Downloads 592 (33,583)

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Constitution, consent, libertarian, originalism, living constitutionalism

2.

'Property' in the Constitution: The View from the Third Amendment

William & Mary Bill of Rights, Vol. 20, 2012, Chapman University Law Research Paper No. 11-29
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 16 Oct 2011 Last Revised: 18 Aug 2012
Tom W. Bell
Chapman University, The Dale E. Fowler School of Law
Downloads 366 (53,552)
Citation 1

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Third Amendment, quartering, property, Takings Clause, takings, property, constitution

3.

Copyright as Intellectual Property Privilege

Syracuse Law Review, Vol. 58, 2007, Chapman University Law Research Paper No. 08-37
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 23 Oct 2007 Last Revised: 06 Sep 2012
Tom W. Bell
Chapman University, The Dale E. Fowler School of Law
Downloads 365 (61,650)
Citation 1

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copyright, property theory, privilege theory

4.

Pornography, Privacy, and Digital Self-Help

Pornography, Privacy, and Digital Self-Help, 19 J. Marshall J. Computer & Info. L. 133 (2000)
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 15 Feb 2001 Last Revised: 29 Mar 2016
Tom W. Bell
Chapman University, The Dale E. Fowler School of Law
Downloads 361 (67,591)

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5.

Prediction Markets for Promoting the Progress of Science and the Useful Arts

George Mason Law Review, Vol. 14, p. 37, 2006
Number of pages: 56 Posted: 23 Aug 2006 Last Revised: 03 Aug 2014
Tom W. Bell
Chapman University, The Dale E. Fowler School of Law
Downloads 338 (70,909)

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prediction markets, information markets, decision markets patents, copyrights

Treason, Technology, and Freedom of Expression

Number of pages: 38 Posted: 16 Apr 2005
Tom W. Bell
Chapman University, The Dale E. Fowler School of Law
Downloads 140 (178,836)

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Treason, technology, freedom of expression, freedom of speech, freedom of the press, First Amendment, blogging

Treason, Technology, and Freedom of Expression

Arizona State Law Journal, Vol. 37, p. 999, 2005
Number of pages: 47 Posted: 12 Oct 2006
Tom W. Bell
Chapman University, The Dale E. Fowler School of Law
Downloads 118 (204,867)

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Treason, technology, freedom of expression, freedom of speech, freedom of the press, First Amendment, blogging

7.

Authors' Welfare: Copyright as a Statutory Mechanism for Redistributing Rights

Brooklyn Law Review, Vol. 69, p. 229, 2003
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 02 Feb 2004
Tom W. Bell
Chapman University, The Dale E. Fowler School of Law
Downloads 258 (92,419)
Citation 1

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Copyright, social welfare, redistribution, market failure, public policy

8.

Private Prediction Markets and the Law

3 Journal of Prediction Markets (2009)
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 18 May 2008 Last Revised: 21 Nov 2014
Tom W. Bell
Chapman University, The Dale E. Fowler School of Law
Downloads 238 (88,956)
Citation 1

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prediction market, private prediction market, idea futures, gambling, commodity futures, CFTC, securities

9.

The Scale of Consent

Chapman University Law Research Paper No. 09-01
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 13 Feb 2009
Tom W. Bell
Chapman University, The Dale E. Fowler School of Law
Downloads 213 (102,040)

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consent, consent theory, scale of consent, graduated consent, unconsent, express consent, implied consent, hypothetical consent, justification, contracts, torts

10.

Graduated Consent Theory, Explained and Applied

Chapman University Law Research Paper No. 09-13
Number of pages: 63 Posted: 12 Mar 2009
Tom W. Bell
Chapman University, The Dale E. Fowler School of Law
Downloads 202 (120,098)

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consent, consent theory, scale of consent, graduated consent, unconsent, express consent, implied consent, hypothetical consent, justification, contracts, torts, constitutional interpretation, constitutional construction, citizen courts

11.

Escape from Copyright: Market Success vs. Statutory Failure in the Protection of Expressive Works

University of Cincinnati Law Review, Vol. 69, 2001
Number of pages: 65 Posted: 22 Apr 2002 Last Revised: 27 Jan 2014
Tom W. Bell
Chapman University, The Dale E. Fowler School of Law
Downloads 200 (117,422)
Citation 6

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Escape from Copyright, copyright, market success, statutory failure, expressive works, intellectual property, preemption

12.

Codifying Copyright's Misuse Defense

Utah Law Review, p. 573, 2007
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 03 May 2007 Last Revised: 15 Apr 2008
Tom W. Bell
Chapman University, The Dale E. Fowler School of Law
Downloads 182 (136,106)

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copyright, misuse, codification, fair use

13.

The Specter of Copyism v. Blockheaded Authors: How User-Generated Content Affects Copyright Policy

10 Vanderbilt Journal of Entertainment & Technology Law 841 (2008)
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 06 Feb 2008 Last Revised: 21 Nov 2014
Tom W. Bell
Chapman University, The Dale E. Fowler School of Law
Downloads 177 (129,868)

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copyright, user-generated content

14.

Gambling for the Good, Trading for the Future: The Legality of Markets in Science Claims

Chapman Law Review, Vol. 5, p. 159, 2002
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 17 Dec 2006
Tom W. Bell
Chapman University, The Dale E. Fowler School of Law
Downloads 170 (145,233)

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prediction market, prediction exchange, idea futures, science claims, gambling, commodity futures, CFTC

15.

Graduated Consent in Contract and Tort Law: Toward a Theory of Justification

Case Western Reserve Law Review, Vol. 61, No. 1, 2011
Number of pages: 68 Posted: 27 Feb 2012 Last Revised: 25 Jan 2017
Tom W. Bell
Chapman University, The Dale E. Fowler School of Law
Downloads 137 (148,976)

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consent, justification, tort, contract, graduated, consent theory

16.

Free Speech, Strict Scrutiny, and Self-Help: How Technology Upgrades Constitutional Jurisprudence

Minnesota Law Review, Vol. 87, p. 743, 2003
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 03 Sep 2003
Tom W. Bell
Chapman University, The Dale E. Fowler School of Law
Downloads 134 (176,334)
Citation 1

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free speech, strict scrutiny, self-help, first amendment

17.

Government Prediction Markets: Why, Who, and How

Penn State Law Review, Vol. 116, No. 2, 2011
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 22 Apr 2011 Last Revised: 21 Nov 2014
Tom W. Bell
Chapman University, The Dale E. Fowler School of Law
Downloads 110 (190,513)

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markets, prediction markets, executive branch, gambling, commodities futures trading, securities

18.
Downloads 90 (246,276)

The Common Law in Cyberspace

Michigan Law Review, Vol. 97, p. 1746, 1999
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 16 Aug 2006
Tom W. Bell
Chapman University, The Dale E. Fowler School of Law
Downloads 90 (248,190)
Citation 4

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common law, cyberspace, Huber, antitrust, interconnection, spectrum reform, copyright

The Common Law in Cyberspace

Posted: 22 Nov 1999
Tom W. Bell
Chapman University, The Dale E. Fowler School of Law

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19.

The Impact of Blogging on the Practice of Law: Hit the Snooze Button

Nexus Law Journal, Vol. 11, p. 75, 2006
Number of pages: 4 Posted: 08 Aug 2006
Tom W. Bell
Chapman University, The Dale E. Fowler School of Law
Downloads 89 (241,119)
Citation 1

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blogging, practice of law, ethics, professional responsibility

20.

The Third Amendment: Forgotten but Not Gone

William & Mary Bill of Rights, Vol. 2, Issue 1, 1993
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 20 Oct 2011
Tom W. Bell
Chapman University, The Dale E. Fowler School of Law
Downloads 78 (207,924)

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Third Amendment, Quartering, BIll of Rights, Purveyance, Soldiers, Takings

21.

Indelicate Imbalancing in Copyright and Patent Law

COPY FIGHTS: THE FUTURE OF INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY IN THE INFORMATION AGE AT 1, Adam Thierer, Wayne Crews, eds., Cato Institute, 2002
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 04 May 2007
Tom W. Bell
Chapman University, The Dale E. Fowler School of Law
Downloads 74 (232,862)

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22.

Copyright Porn Trolls, Wasting Taxi Medallions, and the Propriety of 'Property'

Chapman Law Review, Vol. 18, 2015, Forthcoming, Chapman University, Fowler Law Research Paper No. 14-12
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 20 Nov 2014
Tom W. Bell
Chapman University, The Dale E. Fowler School of Law
Downloads 58 (260,990)

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copyright, property, troll, taxi medallion, file sharing

23.

Principles of Contracts for Governing Services

21 Griffith L. Rev. 472 (2012)
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 22 May 2013 Last Revised: 20 Jun 2015
Tom W. Bell
Chapman University, The Dale E. Fowler School of Law
Downloads 48 (226,536)

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governing services, free cities, charter cities

24.

Pirates in the Family Room: How Performances from Abroad, to U.S. Consumers, Might Evade Copyright Law

18 Southwestern Journal International Law 245 (2011)
Number of pages: 8 Posted: 23 Apr 2011 Last Revised: 10 Oct 2012
Tom W. Bell
Chapman University, The Dale E. Fowler School of Law
Downloads 41 (350,333)

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copyright, performances, cross-border transmissions, piracy, bandwidth

25.

Misunderestimating Dastar: How the Supreme Court Unwittingly Revolutionized Copyright Preemption

Maryland Law Review, Vol. 65, No. 1, 2006
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 12 Jul 2013
Tom W. Bell
Chapman University, The Dale E. Fowler School of Law
Downloads 28 (341,180)

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copyright, preemption, Dastar, Lanham Act

26.

What Can Corporations Teach Governments About Democratic Equality?

31 Social Philosophy & Policy 230 (2015), Chapman University, Fowler Law Research Paper No. 15-08
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 24 Jul 2015 Last Revised: 21 Aug 2015
Tom W. Bell
Chapman University, The Dale E. Fowler School of Law
Downloads 23 (315,322)

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democracy, equality, common interest community, homeowner association, residential co-op, startup city

27.

Outgrowing Copyright: The Effect of Market Size on Copyright Policy

Chapman University, Fowler Law Research Paper
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 29 Jul 2015
Tom W. Bell
Chapman University, The Dale E. Fowler School of Law
Downloads 19 (431,792)

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Intellectual property, copyright, policy, technology

28.

Internet Privacy and Self-Regulation: Lessons from the Porn Wars

Cato Institute Briefing Paper No. 65
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 29 Jul 2015
Tom W. Bell
Chapman University, The Dale E. Fowler School of Law
Downloads 5 (452,411)

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Privacy, internet, regulation, pornography, porn wars, speech, civil liberties

29.

Virtual Trade Dress: A Very Real Problem

Maryland Law Review, Vol. 56, 1997
Number of pages: 54 Posted: 29 Jul 2015
Tom W. Bell
Chapman University, The Dale E. Fowler School of Law
Downloads 4 (473,490)

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Trade dress, virtual trade dress, intellectual property, rights in services, trademark, Lanham Act

30.

Internet Gambling: Popular, Inexorable, and (Eventually) Legal

Policy Analysis, No. 336, 1999
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 29 Jul 2015
Tom W. Bell
Chapman University, The Dale E. Fowler School of Law
Downloads 3 (489,096)

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Internet, gambling, regulation

31.

Commentary on Predicting Crime

Arizona Law Review, Vol. 52, 2010
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 29 Jul 2015
Tom W. Bell
Chapman University, The Dale E. Fowler School of Law
Downloads 2 (533,766)

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Prediction markets, regulation, First Amendment, crime rates

32.

Copyrights, Privacy, and the Blockchain

Ohio North University Law Review, Vol. 42, 2016, Chapman University, Fowler Law Research Paper No. 16-09
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 30 Jul 2016
Tom W. Bell
Chapman University, The Dale E. Fowler School of Law
Downloads 0 (85,948)

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privacy, copyright, block chain, encryption, anonymity, and pseudonymity

33.

Special Economic Zones in the United States: From Colonial Charters, to Foreign-Trade Zones, Toward USSEZs

Buffalo Law Review Vol. 64, No. 5 (2016)
Number of pages: 49 Posted: 08 Mar 2016 Last Revised: 26 Jan 2017
Tom W. Bell
Chapman University, The Dale E. Fowler School of Law
Downloads 0 (78,848)

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special economic zone, SEZ, foreign-trade zone, FTZ, economic development, international trade, taxes, public policy, federalism, federal lands, customs, duties, polycentric law

34.

Unconstitutional Quartering, Governmental Immunity, and Van Halen's Brown M&M Test

Tennessee Law Review, Vol. 82, 2015, Chapman University, Fowler Law Research Paper No. 15-21
Number of pages: 40 Posted: 04 Dec 2015
Tom W. Bell
Chapman University, The Dale E. Fowler School of Law
Downloads 0 (426,883)

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Third Amendment, quartering, governmental immunity, sovereign immunity, qualified sovereign immunity

35.

Fair Use Vs. Fared Use: The Impact of Automated Rights Management on Copyright's Fair Use Doctrine

Posted: 10 Dec 1996
Tom W. Bell
Chapman University, The Dale E. Fowler School of Law

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