Tom W. Bell

Chapman University, The Dale E. Fowler School of Law

Professor

One University Drive

Orange, CA 92866-1099

United States

http://www.tomwbell.com

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

36

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6,884

CITATIONS
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Top 19,239

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16

Scholarly Papers (36)

1.

The Constitution as if Consent Mattered

16 Chapman L. Rev. 269
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 30 Jan 2013 Last Revised: 24 Feb 2014
Tom W. Bell
Chapman University, The Dale E. Fowler School of Law
Downloads 673 (35,067)

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Constitution, consent, libertarian, originalism, living constitutionalism

2.

Copyrights, Privacy, and the Blockchain

Ohio North University Law Review, Vol. 42, 2016, Chapman University, Fowler Law Research Paper No. 16-09
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 30 Jul 2016
Tom W. Bell
Chapman University, The Dale E. Fowler School of Law
Downloads 520 (49,090)

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privacy, copyright, block chain, encryption, anonymity, and pseudonymity

3.

Special Economic Zones in the United States: From Colonial Charters, to Foreign-Trade Zones, Toward USSEZs

Buffalo Law Review Vol. 64, No. 5 (2016)
Number of pages: 49 Posted: 08 Mar 2016 Last Revised: 26 Jan 2017
Tom W. Bell
Chapman University, The Dale E. Fowler School of Law
Downloads 511 (50,180)

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special economic zone, SEZ, foreign-trade zone, FTZ, economic development, international trade, taxes, public policy, federalism, federal lands, customs, duties, polycentric law

4.

'Property' in the Constitution: The View from the Third Amendment

William & Mary Bill of Rights, Vol. 20, 2012, Chapman University Law Research Paper No. 11-29
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 16 Oct 2011 Last Revised: 18 Aug 2012
Tom W. Bell
Chapman University, The Dale E. Fowler School of Law
Downloads 475 (54,999)
Citation 1

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Third Amendment, quartering, property, Takings Clause, takings, property, constitution

5.

Copyright as Intellectual Property Privilege

Syracuse Law Review, Vol. 58, 2007, Chapman University Law Research Paper No. 08-37
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 23 Oct 2007 Last Revised: 06 Sep 2012
Tom W. Bell
Chapman University, The Dale E. Fowler School of Law
Downloads 409 (66,047)
Citation 1

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copyright, property theory, privilege theory

6.

Pornography, Privacy, and Digital Self-Help

Pornography, Privacy, and Digital Self-Help, 19 J. Marshall J. Computer & Info. L. 133 (2000)
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 15 Feb 2001 Last Revised: 29 Mar 2016
Tom W. Bell
Chapman University, The Dale E. Fowler School of Law
Downloads 372 (73,848)

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7.

Prediction Markets for Promoting the Progress of Science and the Useful Arts

George Mason Law Review, Vol. 14, p. 37, 2006
Number of pages: 56 Posted: 23 Aug 2006 Last Revised: 03 Aug 2014
Tom W. Bell
Chapman University, The Dale E. Fowler School of Law
Downloads 365 (75,533)

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prediction markets, information markets, decision markets patents, copyrights

8.

Private Prediction Markets and the Law

3 Journal of Prediction Markets (2009)
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 18 May 2008 Last Revised: 21 Nov 2014
Tom W. Bell
Chapman University, The Dale E. Fowler School of Law
Downloads 302 (93,576)
Citation 1

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prediction market, private prediction market, idea futures, gambling, commodity futures, CFTC, securities

9.

Authors' Welfare: Copyright as a Statutory Mechanism for Redistributing Rights

Brooklyn Law Review, Vol. 69, p. 229, 2003
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 02 Feb 2004
Tom W. Bell
Chapman University, The Dale E. Fowler School of Law
Downloads 282 (100,859)
Citation 1

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Copyright, social welfare, redistribution, market failure, public policy

Treason, Technology, and Freedom of Expression

Number of pages: 38 Posted: 16 Apr 2005
Tom W. Bell
Chapman University, The Dale E. Fowler School of Law
Downloads 145 (189,041)

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Treason, technology, freedom of expression, freedom of speech, freedom of the press, First Amendment, blogging

Treason, Technology, and Freedom of Expression

Arizona State Law Journal, Vol. 37, p. 999, 2005
Number of pages: 47 Posted: 12 Oct 2006
Tom W. Bell
Chapman University, The Dale E. Fowler School of Law
Downloads 134 (201,579)

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Treason, technology, freedom of expression, freedom of speech, freedom of the press, First Amendment, blogging

11.

The Scale of Consent

Chapman University Law Research Paper No. 09-01
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 13 Feb 2009
Tom W. Bell
Chapman University, The Dale E. Fowler School of Law
Downloads 270 (105,507)

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consent, consent theory, scale of consent, graduated consent, unconsent, express consent, implied consent, hypothetical consent, justification, contracts, torts

12.

Escape from Copyright: Market Success vs. Statutory Failure in the Protection of Expressive Works

University of Cincinnati Law Review, Vol. 69, 2001
Number of pages: 65 Posted: 22 Apr 2002 Last Revised: 27 Jan 2014
Tom W. Bell
Chapman University, The Dale E. Fowler School of Law
Downloads 231 (123,861)
Citation 6

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Escape from Copyright, copyright, market success, statutory failure, expressive works, intellectual property, preemption

13.

Graduated Consent Theory, Explained and Applied

Chapman University Law Research Paper No. 09-13
Number of pages: 63 Posted: 12 Mar 2009
Tom W. Bell
Chapman University, The Dale E. Fowler School of Law
Downloads 219 (130,569)

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consent, consent theory, scale of consent, graduated consent, unconsent, express consent, implied consent, hypothetical consent, justification, contracts, torts, constitutional interpretation, constitutional construction, citizen courts

14.

The Specter of Copyism v. Blockheaded Authors: How User-Generated Content Affects Copyright Policy

10 Vanderbilt Journal of Entertainment & Technology Law 841 (2008)
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 06 Feb 2008 Last Revised: 21 Nov 2014
Tom W. Bell
Chapman University, The Dale E. Fowler School of Law
Downloads 207 (137,685)

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copyright, user-generated content

15.

Codifying Copyright's Misuse Defense

Utah Law Review, p. 573, 2007
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 03 May 2007 Last Revised: 15 Apr 2008
Tom W. Bell
Chapman University, The Dale E. Fowler School of Law
Downloads 198 (143,584)

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copyright, misuse, codification, fair use

16.

Graduated Consent in Contract and Tort Law: Toward a Theory of Justification

Case Western Reserve Law Review, Vol. 61, No. 1, 2011
Number of pages: 68 Posted: 27 Feb 2012 Last Revised: 25 Jan 2017
Tom W. Bell
Chapman University, The Dale E. Fowler School of Law
Downloads 190 (149,191)

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consent, justification, tort, contract, graduated, consent theory

17.

Gambling for the Good, Trading for the Future: The Legality of Markets in Science Claims

Chapman Law Review, Vol. 5, p. 159, 2002
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 17 Dec 2006
Tom W. Bell
Chapman University, The Dale E. Fowler School of Law
Downloads 180 (156,676)

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prediction market, prediction exchange, idea futures, science claims, gambling, commodity futures, CFTC

18.

Free Speech, Strict Scrutiny, and Self-Help: How Technology Upgrades Constitutional Jurisprudence

Minnesota Law Review, Vol. 87, p. 743, 2003
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 03 Sep 2003
Tom W. Bell
Chapman University, The Dale E. Fowler School of Law
Downloads 147 (186,443)
Citation 1

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free speech, strict scrutiny, self-help, first amendment

19.

The Third Amendment: Forgotten but Not Gone

William & Mary Bill of Rights, Vol. 2, Issue 1, 1993
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 20 Oct 2011
Tom W. Bell
Chapman University, The Dale E. Fowler School of Law
Downloads 136 (198,497)

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Third Amendment, Quartering, BIll of Rights, Purveyance, Soldiers, Takings

20.

Government Prediction Markets: Why, Who, and How

Penn State Law Review, Vol. 116, No. 2, 2011
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 22 Apr 2011 Last Revised: 21 Nov 2014
Tom W. Bell
Chapman University, The Dale E. Fowler School of Law
Downloads 134 (200,917)

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markets, prediction markets, executive branch, gambling, commodities futures trading, securities

21.

Principles of Contracts for Governing Services

21 Griffith L. Rev. 472 (2012)
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 22 May 2013 Last Revised: 20 Jun 2015
Tom W. Bell
Chapman University, The Dale E. Fowler School of Law
Downloads 112 (230,200)

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governing services, free cities, charter cities

22.

Indelicate Imbalancing in Copyright and Patent Law

COPY FIGHTS: THE FUTURE OF INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY IN THE INFORMATION AGE AT 1, Adam Thierer, Wayne Crews, eds., Cato Institute, 2002
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 04 May 2007
Tom W. Bell
Chapman University, The Dale E. Fowler School of Law
Downloads 106 (239,254)

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23.

The Impact of Blogging on the Practice of Law: Hit the Snooze Button

Nexus Law Journal, Vol. 11, p. 75, 2006
Number of pages: 4 Posted: 08 Aug 2006
Tom W. Bell
Chapman University, The Dale E. Fowler School of Law
Downloads 93 (261,307)
Citation 1

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blogging, practice of law, ethics, professional responsibility

24.
Downloads 91 (265,006)

The Common Law in Cyberspace

Michigan Law Review, Vol. 97, p. 1746, 1999
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 16 Aug 2006
Tom W. Bell
Chapman University, The Dale E. Fowler School of Law
Downloads 91 (267,064)
Citation 4

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common law, cyberspace, Huber, antitrust, interconnection, spectrum reform, copyright

The Common Law in Cyberspace

Posted: 22 Nov 1999
Tom W. Bell
Chapman University, The Dale E. Fowler School of Law

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25.

Copyright Porn Trolls, Wasting Taxi Medallions, and the Propriety of 'Property'

Chapman Law Review, Vol. 18, 2015, Forthcoming, Chapman University, Fowler Law Research Paper No. 14-12
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 20 Nov 2014
Tom W. Bell
Chapman University, The Dale E. Fowler School of Law
Downloads 87 (272,519)

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copyright, property, troll, taxi medallion, file sharing

26.

What Can Corporations Teach Governments About Democratic Equality?

31 Social Philosophy & Policy 230 (2015), Chapman University, Fowler Law Research Paper No. 15-08
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 24 Jul 2015 Last Revised: 21 Aug 2015
Tom W. Bell
Chapman University, The Dale E. Fowler School of Law
Downloads 64 (324,704)

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democracy, equality, common interest community, homeowner association, residential co-op, startup city

27.

Misunderestimating Dastar: How the Supreme Court Unwittingly Revolutionized Copyright Preemption

Maryland Law Review, Vol. 65, No. 1, 2006
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 12 Jul 2013
Tom W. Bell
Chapman University, The Dale E. Fowler School of Law
Downloads 50 (365,274)

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copyright, preemption, Dastar, Lanham Act

28.

Pirates in the Family Room: How Performances from Abroad, to U.S. Consumers, Might Evade Copyright Law

18 Southwestern Journal International Law 245 (2011)
Number of pages: 8 Posted: 23 Apr 2011 Last Revised: 10 Oct 2012
Tom W. Bell
Chapman University, The Dale E. Fowler School of Law
Downloads 46 (378,285)

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copyright, performances, cross-border transmissions, piracy, bandwidth

29.

Unconstitutional Quartering, Governmental Immunity, and Van Halen's Brown M&M Test

Tennessee Law Review, Vol. 82, 2015, Chapman University, Fowler Law Research Paper No. 15-21
Number of pages: 40 Posted: 04 Dec 2015
Tom W. Bell
Chapman University, The Dale E. Fowler School of Law
Downloads 32 (431,007)

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Third Amendment, quartering, governmental immunity, sovereign immunity, qualified sovereign immunity

30.

Internet Privacy and Self-Regulation: Lessons from the Porn Wars

Cato Institute Briefing Paper No. 65
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 29 Jul 2015
Tom W. Bell
Chapman University, The Dale E. Fowler School of Law
Downloads 29 (444,361)

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Privacy, internet, regulation, pornography, porn wars, speech, civil liberties

31.

Outgrowing Copyright: The Effect of Market Size on Copyright Policy

Chapman University, Fowler Law Research Paper
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 29 Jul 2015
Tom W. Bell
Chapman University, The Dale E. Fowler School of Law
Downloads 25 (464,254)

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Intellectual property, copyright, policy, technology

32.

Virtual Trade Dress: A Very Real Problem

Maryland Law Review, Vol. 56, 1997
Number of pages: 54 Posted: 29 Jul 2015
Tom W. Bell
Chapman University, The Dale E. Fowler School of Law
Downloads 21 (485,943)

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Trade dress, virtual trade dress, intellectual property, rights in services, trademark, Lanham Act

33.

Internet Gambling: Popular, Inexorable, and (Eventually) Legal

Policy Analysis, No. 336, 1999
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 29 Jul 2015
Tom W. Bell
Chapman University, The Dale E. Fowler School of Law
Downloads 20 (491,417)

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Internet, gambling, regulation

34.

Commentary on Predicting Crime

Arizona Law Review, Vol. 52, 2010
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 29 Jul 2015
Tom W. Bell
Chapman University, The Dale E. Fowler School of Law
Downloads 6 (568,393)

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Prediction markets, regulation, First Amendment, crime rates

35.

Special International Zones in Practice and Theory

Chapman Law Review, Vol. 21, 2018
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 15 Nov 2018
Tom W. Bell
Chapman University, The Dale E. Fowler School of Law
Downloads 2 (594,690)

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Special International Zones, SIZ, Trade, Immigration, Pre-Asylum, International Transit Zones, Duty-Free, Special Economic Zone, SEZ, Foreign Law

36.

Fair Use Vs. Fared Use: The Impact of Automated Rights Management on Copyright's Fair Use Doctrine

Posted: 10 Dec 1996
Tom W. Bell
Chapman University, The Dale E. Fowler School of Law

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