Manuel J. Ventura

Western Sydney University, School of Law

Adjunct Fellow/Lecturer

Locked Bag 1797

Penrith, NSW 2751

Australia

http://www.westernsydney.edu.au/staff_profiles/uws_profiles/mr_manuel_ventura

The Hague University of Applied Sciences - International Law

External Lecturer

Stamkartplein 40

The Hague

Netherlands

The Peace and Justice Initiative

Director

The Hague

Netherlands

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

35

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9

CROSSREF CITATIONS

10

Scholarly Papers (35)

1.

Aiding and Abetting

Jérôme de Hemptinne, Robert Roth, Elies van Sliedregt, Marjolein Cupido, Manuel J. Ventura and Lachezar Yanev (eds), Modes of Liability in International Criminal Law (Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2019), pp. 173-256
Number of pages: 107 Posted: 18 Apr 2018 Last Revised: 13 Jul 2019
Manuel J. Ventura
Western Sydney University, School of Law
Downloads 757 (41,355)

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aiding and abetting; modes of liability; accessory; acts reus; mens rea; international criminal law; specific direction; substantial contribution/effect; International Criminal Court; knowledge; purpose; recklessness; ex post facto aiding and abetting; aiding and abetting by omission; complicity

2.

The Prevention of Genocide as a Jus Cogens Norm? A Formula for Lawful Humanitarian Intervention

Charles C. Jalloh and Olufemi Elias (eds), Shielding Humanity: Essays in International Law in Honour of Judge Abdul G. Koroma (Boston/Leiden, Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 2015), pp. 289-351
Number of pages: 58 Posted: 17 Sep 2014 Last Revised: 30 Mar 2015
Manuel J. Ventura
Western Sydney University, School of Law
Downloads 635 (52,289)

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prevention of genocide, genocide, jus cogens, use of force, responsibility to protect, humanitarian intervention, Rwandan genocide, UN Charter

3.

Farewell ‘Specific Direction’: Aiding and Abetting War Crimes and Crimes Against Humanity in Perišić, Taylor, Šainović et al., and US Alien Tort Statute Jurisprudence

Stuart Casey-Maslen (ed.), The War Report: Armed Conflict in 2013 (Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2014), pp. 511-553
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 13 May 2014 Last Revised: 16 Dec 2014
Manuel J. Ventura
Western Sydney University, School of Law
Downloads 365 (102,290)
Citation 5

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Perišić, ICTY, Taylor, SCSL, Šainović, international criminal law, war cimes, crimes against humanity, accesorial liability, aiding and abetting, actus reus, specific direction, Alien Tort Statute, mens rea, purpose

4.

Universal Jurisdiction, African Perceptions of the International Criminal Court and the New AU Protocol on Amendments to the Protocol on the Statute of the African Court of Justice and Human Rights

Evelyn A. Ankumah (ed.), The International Criminal Court and Africa: One Decade On (Cambridge/Antwerp/Portland, Intersentia, 2016), pp. 441-460
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 22 Feb 2016 Last Revised: 10 Jun 2016
Manuel J. Ventura and Amelia Bleeker
Western Sydney University, School of Law and Government of New Zealand - High Court of New Zealand
Downloads 342 (110,023)

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Universal jurisdiction, complementarity, African Union, International Criminal Court, Protocol on Amendments to the Protocol on the Statute of the African Court of Justice and Human Rights, Malabo Protocol, African Court of Justice and Human Rights

5.

The ‘Reasonable Basis to Proceed’ Threshold in the Kenya and Côte d’Ivoire Proprio Motu Investigation Decisions: The International Criminal Court's Lowest Evidentiary Standard?

(2013) 12(1) The Law and Practice of International Courts and Tribunals 49-80
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 25 Jan 2013 Last Revised: 01 May 2013
Manuel J. Ventura
Western Sydney University, School of Law
Downloads 328 (115,213)

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International Criminal Court, Rome Statute, Article 15, Article 53(1)(a)-(c), preliminary examination, proprio motu investigation, investigative powers, evidentiary standard/threshold, reasonable basis to proceed, reasonable grounds to believe

6.

The Fog of War: Prosecuting Illegal Uses of Force as Crimes Against Humanity

(2013) 12(3) Washington University Global Studies Law Review 523-538
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 24 Jan 2013 Last Revised: 25 Dec 2013
Manuel J. Ventura and Matthew Gillett
Western Sydney University, School of Law and Office of the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia
Downloads 291 (130,971)

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International Criminal Court, aggression, crimes against humanity, use of force, co-perpetration, sentencing

7.

Terrorism According to the Special Tribunal for Lebanon’s Interlocutory Decision on the Applicable Law: A Defining Moment or A Moment of Defining?

(2011) 9(5) Journal of International Criminal Justice 1021-1042
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 24 Jan 2013 Last Revised: 20 Feb 2013
Manuel J. Ventura
Western Sydney University, School of Law
Downloads 232 (164,262)

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Special Tribunal for Lebanon, Interlocutory Decision, terrorism, customary international law

8.

Complementarity and Universal Jurisdiction: South Africa's ICC Act and the Domestic Investigation of Extraterritorial International Crimes

S. Casey-Maslen (ed.), The War Report 2012 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013), pp. 439-454
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 19 May 2013 Last Revised: 25 Dec 2013
Manuel J. Ventura
Western Sydney University, School of Law
Downloads 202 (187,198)

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Complementarity, universal jurisdiction, South Africa, International Criminal Court, Rome Statute, international crimes, crimes against humanity

9.

The ICJ’s Senegal v. Belgium Judgment and the Obligation to Prosecute or Extradite Alleged Torturers: The Case of Al Bashir and the ICC

Sharon Weill, Kim Thuy Seelinger & Kerstin Bree Carlson (eds), The President on Trial: Prosecuting Hissène Habré (Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2020), pp. 295-308
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 19 Jun 2019 Last Revised: 29 Jun 2020
Manuel J. Ventura and Victor Baiesu
Western Sydney University, School of Law and affiliation not provided to SSRN
Downloads 176 (211,563)

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International Court of Justice, Habré, torture, former Head of State, immunity ratione materiae, aut dedere aut judicare, prosecute or extradite, customary international law, International Criminal Court, Al Bashir

10.

The Special Tribunal for Lebanon Declines to Review UN Security Council Action: Retreating from Tadić's Legacy in the Ayyash Jurisdiction and Legality Decisions

(2013) 11(3) Journal of International Criminal Justice 615-641
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 16 Apr 2013 Last Revised: 29 Jun 2013
Mariya C. Nikolova and Manuel J. Ventura
Independent and Western Sydney University, School of Law
Downloads 159 (230,691)

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compétence de la compétence, jurisdiction, inherent jurisdiction, legality, judicial review, UN Security Council, UN Charter, Chapter VII, Tadić, Ayyash

11.

Article 19: Challenges to the Jurisdiction of the Court or the Admissibility of a Case

Otto Triffterer and Kai Ambos (eds), The Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court: A Commentary, 3rd Edition (Munich/Oxford/Baden-Baden, C.H. Beck/Hart Publishing/Nomos, 2016), pp. 849-898
Number of pages: 50 Posted: 24 Sep 2014 Last Revised: 10 Mar 2016
Independent, University of Botswana - Department of Law and Western Sydney University, School of Law
Downloads 156 (234,472)

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International Criminal Court, ICC, Rome Statute, admissibility, jurisdiction, challenges, Article 19, complementarity

12.

Two Controversies in the Lubanga Trial Judgment of the ICC: The Nature of Co-perpetration's Common Plan and the Classification of the Armed Conflict

S. Casey-Maslen (ed.), The War Report 2012 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013), pp. 473-491
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 23 Jun 2013 Last Revised: 25 Dec 2013
Manuel J. Ventura
Western Sydney University, School of Law
Downloads 152 (239,530)

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Lubanga, International Criminal Court, common plan, co-perpetration, joint criminal enterprise, Tadić, overall control, Nicaragua, effective control, classification of armed conflict

13.

Aiding and Abetting and the International Criminal Court’s Bemba et al. Case: The ICC Trial and Appeals Chamber Consider Article 25(3)(c) of the Rome Statute (1998)

(2020) 20(6) International Criminal Law Review 1138-1166
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 10 Jun 2019 Last Revised: 01 Dec 2020
Manuel J. Ventura
Western Sydney University, School of Law
Downloads 145 (248,922)

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aiding and abetting, international criminal court, ICC, trial judgment, appeal judgment, Article 25(3)(c), Bemba et al. case., actus reus, contribution threshold, aiding and abetting after the fact, accessory after the fact, encourage or moral support, principal perpetrators, mens rea, purpose

14.

International Criminal Law

The Practitioner's Guide to International Law, 2nd Edition (Sydney, LexisNexis Butterworths, 2014), pp. 111-150
Number of pages: 63 Posted: 28 Jan 2013 Last Revised: 12 Dec 2014
Manuel J. Ventura, Justen Sing, Annalise Haigh and Marty Bernhaut
Western Sydney University, School of Law, Independent, Independent and Independent
Downloads 139 (257,479)

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international criminal law, war crimes, genocide, aggression, crimes against humanity, Australian jurisdiction

15.

The Duty to Investigate Zimbabwe Crimes Against Humanity (Torture) Allegations: The Constitutional Court of South Africa Speaks on Universal Jurisdiction and the ICC Act

(2015) 13(4) Journal of International Criminal Justice 861-889
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 21 Apr 2015 Last Revised: 30 Sep 2015
Manuel J. Ventura
Western Sydney University, School of Law
Downloads 117 (292,691)

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torture, crimes against humanity, universal jurisdiction, duty to investigate, presence, complementarity, unwilling or unable, International Criminal Court, Rome Statute, Constitutional Court of South Africa, South Africa, Zimbabwe

16.

Escape from Johannesburg? Sudanese President Al-Bashir Visits South Africa, and the Implicit Removal of Head of State Immunity by the UN Security Council in Light of Al-Jedda

(2015) 13(5) Journal of International Criminal Justice 995-1025
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 30 Sep 2015 Last Revised: 23 Feb 2016
Manuel J. Ventura
Western Sydney University, School of Law
Downloads 116 (294,426)

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South Africa, Sudan, President Al-Bashir, Head of State, Head of State immunity, arrest, North Gauteng High Court, International Criminal Court, UN Security Council Resolution 1593, UN Security Council, implicit removal, European Court of Human Rights, Al-Jedda

17.

International Decision: Prosecutor v. Al-Bashir, ICC-02/05-01/09-302, Decision Under Article 87(7) of the Rome Statute on the Non-Compliance by South Africa with the Request by the Court for the Arrest and Surrender of Omar Al-Bashir

(2017) 111(4) American Journal of International Law 1007-1013
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 08 Dec 2017 Last Revised: 20 Apr 2018
Manuel J. Ventura
Western Sydney University, School of Law
Downloads 114 (298,060)

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International Criminal Court, United Nations Security Council Referral, Sudan, Incumbent Head of State, Personal Immunity, Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court, State Party, South Africa, State Co-Operation, Arrest and Surrender, Non-Compliance

18.

The Prosecution of Corporations Before a Hybrid International Criminal Tribunal: The New TV and Akhbar Beirut Contempt Jurisdiction Decisions of the Special Tribunal for Lebanon

(2016) (1-2) African Journal of International Criminal Justice 71-83
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 25 Jan 2017 Last Revised: 14 Oct 2017
Manuel J. Ventura
Western Sydney University, School of Law
Downloads 99 (328,100)

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Special Tribunal for Lebanon, international criminal law, contempt, personal jurisdiction, legal persons, corporations, corporate criminal liability, inherent jurisdiction, inherent power, interpretation of Rules of Procedure and Evidence

19.

The Illegal Use of Force (Other Inhumane Act) as a Crime Against Humanity: An Assessment of the Case for a New Crime at the International Criminal Court

Leila Nadya Sadat (ed.), Seeking Accountability for the Unlawful Use of Force (Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2018), pp. 386-424
Number of pages: 46 Posted: 07 Jul 2017 Last Revised: 06 May 2018
Manuel J. Ventura
Western Sydney University, School of Law
Downloads 86 (358,496)

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use of force, unlawful use of force, aggression, International Criminal Court, other inhumane acts, crimes against humanity, Ferencz

20.

Incorporating Core Crimes under the Rome Statute into Domestic Legislation – Temporal Jurisdiction

(2012) (1) The Loophole: Journal of the Commonwealth Association of Legislative Counsel 107-123
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 24 Jan 2013 Last Revised: 20 Feb 2013
Anna Kotzeva, Natasha Vicary and Manuel J. Ventura
Independent, Independent and Western Sydney University, School of Law
Downloads 83 (366,279)

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Rome Statute, International Criminal Court, national implementation, nullum crimen sine lege, retroactivity

21.

Prosecuting Starvation under International Criminal Law: Exploring the Legal Possibilities

(2019) 17(4) Journal of International Criminal Justice 781-814
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 21 Oct 2019 Last Revised: 05 Feb 2020
Manuel J. Ventura
Western Sydney University, School of Law
Downloads 78 (379,769)
Citation 2

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starvation, international criminal law, crimes against humanity, genocide, war crimes, international armed conflicts, non-international armed conflicts

22.
Downloads 59 (440,317)

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Complementarity, International Criminal Court, South Africa, universal jurisdiction, torture, immunity

23.

When National and International Substantive Criminal Law Overlap: Decision on Appeal Against Closing Order Indicting Kaing Giel Eav aka 'Duch'

André Klip and Steven Freeland (eds), Annotated Leading Cases of International Criminal Tribunals - Volume 43: Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia 2007-2010 (Cambridge/Antwerp/Portland, Intersentia, 2015), pp. 731-745
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 03 Apr 2013 Last Revised: 09 Dec 2015
Manuel J. Ventura
Western Sydney University, School of Law
Downloads 56 (451,428)

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ECCC, international crimes, domestic crimes, cumulative convictions, ne bis in idem

24.

Perspectives on the International Criminal Jurisdiction of the African Court of Justice and Human Rights Pursuant to the Malabo Protocol (2014)

Charles C. Jalloh, Kamari M. Clarke and Vincent O. Nmehielle (eds), The African Court of Justice and Human and Peoples’ Rights in Context: Development and Challenges (Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2019), pp. 257-284
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 02 May 2018 Last Revised: 16 Jan 2019
Daniel D. Ntanda Nsereko and Manuel J. Ventura
University of Botswana - Department of Law and Western Sydney University, School of Law
Downloads 54 (458,709)

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African Court of Justice and Human Rights; Malabo Protocol; rotocol on Amendments to the Protocol on the Statute of the African Court of Justice and Human Rights; international criminal law; war crimes; genocide; crimes against humanity; aggression; African Union; international crimes

25.

The Application of Joint Criminal Enterprise to Complex Top Political Leadership Cases Upheld: The Krajišnik Appeal Judgment

André Klip and Steven Freeland (eds), Annotated Leading Cases of International Criminal Tribunals - Volume 48: International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia 2009 (Cambridge/Antwerp/Portland, Intersentia, 2016), pp. 438-449
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 24 Nov 2015 Last Revised: 17 Sep 2016
Manuel J. Ventura
Western Sydney University, School of Law
Downloads 52 (466,448)

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joint criminal enterprise, JCE, International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia, ICTY, Krajišnik, Tadić, Brđanin, leadership cases

26.

The Taylor Trial and Appeal Judgments and the Rejection of ‘Specific Direction’ as an Actus Reus Element of Aiding and Abetting

André Klip and Steven Freeland (eds), Annotated Leading Cases of International Criminal Tribunals - Volume 51: Special Court for Sierra Leone 2012-2015 (Cambridge/Antwerp/Portland, Intersentia, 2018), pp. 377-385
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 30 Mar 2016 Last Revised: 01 Mar 2018
Manuel J. Ventura
Western Sydney University, School of Law
Downloads 48 (482,656)

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Special Court of Sierra Leone, Taylor, Taylor Trial Judgment, Taylor Appeal Judgment, International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia, Perišić, Perišić Trial Judgment, Perišić Appeal Judgment, aiding and abetting, actus reus, specific direction, fragmentation

27.

Ordering

Jérôme de Hemptinne, Robert Roth, Elies van Sliedregt, Marjolein Cupido, Manuel J. Ventura and Lachezar Yanev (eds), Modes of Liability in International Criminal Law (Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2019), pp. 284-306
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 30 Apr 2018 Last Revised: 13 Jul 2019
Manuel J. Ventura
Western Sydney University, School of Law
Downloads 44 (500,156)

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ordering; actus reus; mens rea; international criminal law; International Criminal Court; accessory; indirect perpetration; modes of liability; authority

28.

Automatic Criminal Liability for Unlawful Confinement (Imprisonment) as a War Crime? A Potential Consequence of Denying Non-State Armed Groups the Power to Detain in Non-International Armed Conflicts

Ezequiel Heffes, Marcos Kotlik & Manuel J. Ventura (eds), International Humanitarian Law and Non-State Actors: Debates, Law and Practice (The Hague/Berlin, T.M.C. Asser Press/Springer, 2020), pp. 149-168
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 19 Jun 2019 Last Revised: 04 Dec 2019
Manuel J. Ventura
Western Sydney University, School of Law
Downloads 40 (518,560)

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Non-state armed groups, non-international armed conflicts, power to detain, power of detention, international humanitarian law, international criminal law, unlawful confinement, imprisonment, strict criminal liability, war crimes

29.

Prosecutor v. Karadžić (ICTY, Case No IT-95-5/18): The Indictment, English Language and Holbrooke Agreement Decisions

(2009) 16 Australian International Law Journal 241-257
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 25 Jan 2013 Last Revised: 20 Feb 2013
Manuel J. Ventura
Western Sydney University, School of Law
Downloads 39 (523,378)

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Karadžić, ICTY, indictment, joint criminal enterprise, apparent authority

30.

Introduction: The Functions and Interactions of Non-State Actors in the Realm of International Humanitarian Law

Ezequiel Heffes, Marcos Kotlik & Manuel J. Ventura (eds), International Humanitarian Law and Non-State Actors: Debates, Law and Practice (T.M.C. Asser Press/Springer, The Hague/Berlin, 2020), pp. 1-17
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 19 Dec 2019
Ezequiel Heffes, Marcos Kotlik and Manuel J. Ventura
Independent, University of Buenos Aires (UBA) - Faculty of Law and Western Sydney University, School of Law
Downloads 28 (582,737)

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non-state actors, international humanitarian law, armed conflict, development of international humanitarian law, functions, interactions

31.

Repression of International Crimes Affecting Animals

Anne Peters, Jérôme de Hemptinne and Robert Kolb (eds), Animals in the International Law of Armed Conflict (Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2021) (forthcoming)
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 29 Dec 2020 Last Revised: 28 Jun 2021
Manuel J. Ventura
Western Sydney University, School of Law
Downloads 20 (636,100)

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Animals, International Criminal Law, Armed Conflict, International Humanitarian Law, Environment, War Crimes, Crimes Against Humanity, Genocide, Animal Cruelty, Other Inhumane Acts

32.

El deber de prevenir el delito de genocidio y los grupos políticos en la Convención del Genocidio de 1948 (The Duty to Prevent the Crime of Genocide and Political Groups in the Genocide Convention of 1948)

Héctor Olásolo & Pilar Eirene de Prada (eds), La Evolución de la Definición y la Aplicación del Delito de Genocidio: La Contribución Iberoamericana y el Legado del Tribunal Penal Internacional para la ex Yugoslavia (Valencia, Tirant lo Blanch, 2019), pp. 145-190
Number of pages: 45 Posted: 17 May 2019 Last Revised: 10 Apr 2020
Manuel J. Ventura
Western Sydney University, School of Law
Downloads 12 (695,346)
Citation 1

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Genocide, Genocide Convention (1948), Travaux Préparatoires, Drafting History, Duty to Prevent, Protected Groups, Political Groups

33.
Downloads 9 (718,812)

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International Criminal Court; Rome Statute; Bemba et al. Trial Judgment; Bemba et al. Appeal Judgment; Article 25(3)(c); aiding and abetting; actus reus; contribution threshold; encouragement or moral support; principal perpetrators; mens rea; purpose

34.

Article 19: Challenges to the Jurisdiction of the Court or the Admissibility of a Case

K. Ambos (ed.), Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court: Article-by-Article Commentary, 4th Edition (Munich/Oxford/Baden-Baden, Verlag C.H. Beck/Hart Publishing/Nomos, 2021) (forthcoming)
Number of pages: 66 Posted: 25 Jun 2021
Daniel D. Ntanda Nsereko and Manuel J. Ventura
University of Botswana - Department of Law and Western Sydney University, School of Law
Downloads 3 (766,052)

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International Criminal Court, Rome Statute, admissibility, jurisdiction, challenges, Article 19, complementarity

35.

Article 18: Preliminary Rulings Regarding Admissibility

K. Ambos (ed.), Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court: Article-by-Article Commentary, 4th Edition (Munich/Oxford/Baden-Baden, Verlag C.H. Beck/Hart Publishing/Nomos, 2021) (forthcoming)
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 25 Jun 2021
Daniel D. Ntanda Nsereko and Manuel J. Ventura
University of Botswana - Department of Law and Western Sydney University, School of Law
Downloads 2 (775,512)

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International Criminal Court, Rome Statute, States, admissibility, challenges, Article 18, complementarity

Other Papers (2)

Total Downloads: 42
1.

Book Review: Christian Tams, Lars Berster and Björn Schiffbauer, Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide: A Commentary (Munich/Oxford/Baden-Baden, C.H. Beck/Hart Publishing/Nomos, 2014)

(2016) 29(1) Leiden Journal of International Law 279-283
Number of pages: 6 Posted: 15 Oct 2015 Last Revised: 04 Dec 2017
Manuel J. Ventura
Western Sydney University, School of Law
Downloads 27

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Genocide, commentary, Genocide Convention, prevention, punishment

2.

Book Review: Sharon Weill, The Role of National Courts in Applying International Humanitarian Law (Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2014)

(2016) 14(3) Journal of International Criminal Justice, 744-745
Number of pages: 3 Posted: 19 May 2016 Last Revised: 04 Dec 2017
Manuel J. Ventura
Western Sydney University, School of Law
Downloads 15

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International humanitarian law, domestic courts, case studies, theoretical framework