Colin Williams

University of Sheffield - School of Management

Professor of Public Policy

15 Conduit Road

Sheffield, S10 1FL

United Kingdom

http://https://www.sheffield.ac.uk/management/staff/williams/index

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

277

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SSRN CITATIONS
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205

CROSSREF CITATIONS

999

Ideas:
“  I am currently working on evaluating different policy approaches for tackling the informal economy/undeclared work  ”

Scholarly Papers (277)

1.
Downloads 1,148 ( 23,219)
Citation 3

The Shadow Economy

Friedrich Schneider & Colin C. Williams, The Shadow Economy, Institute of Economic Affairs, 2013
Number of pages: 96 Posted: 30 Jun 2013
Friedrich Schneider and Colin Williams
Johannes Kepler University Linz - Department of Economics and University of Sheffield - School of Management
Downloads 932 (30,924)
Citation 3

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shadow economy, informal employment, informal economy, undeclared work

The Shadow Economy

Institute of Economic Affairs Monographs, Hobart Paper 172 (2013)
Number of pages: 96 Posted: 23 Aug 2013
Friedrich Schneider and Colin Williams
Johannes Kepler University Linz - Department of Economics and University of Sheffield - School of Management
Downloads 209 (182,731)

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shadow economy, tax amnesties, black market

The Shadow Economy

Institute of Economic Affairs Monographs, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 96 Posted: 03 Sep 2021
Friedrich Schneider and Colin Williams
Johannes Kepler University Linz - Department of Economics and University of Sheffield - School of Management
Downloads 7 (769,888)

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2.

Entrepreneurship and the Informal Sector: Some Lessons from India

International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Innovation, Vol. 10, No.1, pp. 55-62, 2009
Number of pages: 8 Posted: 07 Jul 2013
Anjula Gurtoo and Colin Williams
Indian Institute of Science and University of Sheffield - School of Management
Downloads 538 (65,029)
Citation 1

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entrepreneurship, India, informal economy, informal sector, shadow economy

Beyond Necessity-Driven versus Opportunity-Driven Entrepreneurship: A Study of Informal Entrepreneurs in England, Russia and Ukraine

International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Innovation, Vol. 9, No. 3, pp. 157-166, 2008
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 07 Jul 2013
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
Downloads 305 (124,935)

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informal economy, entrepreneurship, venture creation, Ukraine, Russia, England, informal sector, enterprise development

Beyond Necessity-Driven versus Opportunity-Driven Entrepreneurship: A Study of Informal Entrepreneurs in England, Russia and Ukraine

Williams, C.C. (2008) “Beyond necessity-driven versus opportunity-driven entrepreneurship: a study of informal entrepreneurs in England, Russia and Ukraine”, International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Innovation, Vol. 9, No. 3, pp. 157-166
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 30 Jun 2013
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
Downloads 139 (260,286)
Citation 29

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informal economy, informal entrepreneurship, entrepreneurship, enterprise culture, hidden enterprise culture, informal economy

4.

Evaluating Competing Theories of Street Entrepreneurship: Some Lessons from a Study of Street Vendors in Bangalore, India

International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, Vol. 8, No. 4, 2012, pp. 391-409.
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 21 Dec 2015
Colin Williams and Anjula Gurtoo
University of Sheffield - School of Management and Indian Institute of Science
Downloads 346 (109,503)

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Street hawking, Street vendors, Entrepreneurship, Enterprise development, Informal economy, Economic development, Developing economies, India

5.

Entrepreneurship and the Informal Economy: An Overview

Journal of Developmental Entrepreneurship, Vol. 15, No. 4, pp. 361-378 (2010)
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 07 Jul 2013
Colin Williams and Sara Nadin
University of Sheffield - School of Management and University of Liverpool
Downloads 326 (116,982)
Citation 2

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informal economy, development economics, entrepreneurship, enterprise culture, informal entrepreneurship, informal economy

6.

The Informal Economy and Poverty: Evidence and Policy Review

Report prepared for Joseph Rowntree Foundation, York, 2014
Number of pages: 51 Posted: 04 Mar 2014
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
Downloads 316 (121,045)

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informal economy; poverty; social exclusion; community development; inequality; poverty alleviation

7.

Informal Employment in Developed and Developing Economies: Perspectives and Policy Responses

International Labour Review, Vol. 152, No. 3–4, pp. 355-380 (2013)
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 22 Dec 2015
Colin Williams and Mark Lansky
University of Sheffield - School of Management and International Labour Organization (ILO)
Downloads 255 (151,039)
Citation 1

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informal sector, developing countries, developing economies, development economics, economic development

8.

Informal Sector Entrepreneurship

OECD Policy Briefing, Paris, 2014
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 14 Feb 2016
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
Downloads 240 (160,402)
Citation 6

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entrepreneurship, informal economy, OECD, informal sector, shadow economy

9.

Small Businesses in the Informal Economy: Making the Transition to the Formal Economy

C. Williams, Small Businesses in the Informal Economy: Making the Transition to the Formal Economy, Small Business Service, 2004
Number of pages: 62 Posted: 30 Jun 2013
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
Downloads 239 (161,050)

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entrepreneurship, small businesses, informal economy, venture creation, enterprise culture, enterprise

10.

Evaluating Women Entrepreneurs in the Informal Sector: Some Evidence from India

Journal of Developmental Entrepreneurship, Vol. 16, No. 3, pp.351-369 (2011)
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 07 Jul 2013
Colin Williams and Anjula Gurtoo
University of Sheffield - School of Management and Indian Institute of Science
Downloads 184 (205,260)
Citation 2

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entrepreneurship, India, informal economy, women, self employment, informal sector

11.

Tackling the Undeclared Economy in Bulgaria: A Baseline Report

GREY Working Paper No. 1
Number of pages: 93 Posted: 01 May 2014
Rositsa Dzhekova and Colin Williams
University of Sheffield and University of Sheffield - School of Management
Downloads 157 (235,123)
Citation 10

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informal sector, informal economy, Bulgaria, tax morale, tax compliance, tax evasion, public policy

12.

Dependent Self-Employment: Trends, Challenges and Policy Responses in the EU

ILO Employment Working Paper no. 228, International Labour Office, Geneva
Number of pages: 64 Posted: 09 Dec 2017
Colin Williams and Frédéric Lapeyre
University of Sheffield - School of Management and International Labour Organization (ILO) - Policy Integration Department
Downloads 155 (237,636)
Citation 6

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informal sector, informal economy, labor economics, entrepreneurship, industrial relations, tax evasion, informal labor markets, tax law, illegal behaviour, formal and informal sectors

The Informal Economy as a Path to Expanding Opportunities

Number of pages: 42 Posted: 06 Jul 2016
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
Downloads 127 (279,036)
Citation 1

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development economics, development studies, informal economy, informal sector, economic development, informal labor markets

The Informal Economy as a Path to Expanding Opportunities

Centre for Development and Enterprise Commissioned Research Series, August 2017
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 26 Jul 2018
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
Downloads 24 (631,581)
Citation 2

Abstract:

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informal sector, informal economy, tax evasion

14.

A Critical Evaluation of the Commodification Thesis

The Sociological Review, vol. 50, no. 4, pp. 525-542, 2002
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 30 Jun 2013
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
Downloads 132 (269,987)
Citation 1

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economic sociology, commodification, marketization, informal economy, informalization, informal sector, market societies

15.

Anarchist Economic Practices in a 'Capitalist' Society: Some Implications for Organisation and the Future of Work

Ephermera: theory and politics in organization, 2014, 14(4): 947-971
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 24 Dec 2015
Richard White and Colin Williams
Sheffield Hallam University - Faculty of Development and Society and University of Sheffield - School of Management
Downloads 125 (281,254)
Citation 1

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anarchism, informal economy, capitalism, unpaid work, neoliberalism

Developing a Holistic Approach for Tackling Undeclared Work

Developing a Holistic Approach for Tackling Undeclared Work: A Learning Resource from the Seminar of the European Platform Tackling Undeclared Work, December 2, 2016
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 21 Mar 2017
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
Downloads 73 (401,869)
Citation 18

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informal sector, informal economy, tax evasion, European Union, public policy, shadow economy

Developing a Holistic Approach for Tackling Undeclared Work

Background Paper for the European Platform on Tackling Undeclared Work Seminar, Brussels, 2nd December 2016
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 06 Dec 2016
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
Downloads 45 (509,126)

Abstract:

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Informal Economy, Informal Sector, Shadow Economy, Labor Economics, Public Sector Economics

17.

An Evaluation of the Scale of Undeclared Work in the European Union and Its Structural Determinants: Estimates Using the Labour Input Method

An Evaluation of the Scale of Undeclared Work in the European Union and Its Structural Determinants: Estimates Using the Labour Input Method, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, ISBN: 978-92-79-75367-1
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 28 Dec 2017
University of Sheffield - School of Management, University of Sheffield - School of Management, Institute of Economics, Zagreb, University of Sheffield - School of Management, University of Leicester - Department of Economics and Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iasi
Downloads 111 (306,118)
Citation 11

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informal sector, informal economy, labor economics, entrepreneurship, industrial relations, tax evasion, informal labor markets, tax law, illegal behaviour, formal and informal sectors

18.

Policy Approaches Towards Undeclared Work: A Conceptual Framework

GREY Working Paper no. 4, Sheffield University Management School, University of Sheffield, UK
Number of pages: 45 Posted: 14 Jun 2014
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
Downloads 111 (306,118)
Citation 8

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informal sector, taxation, informal economy, shadow economy, tax evasion, labor economics, public policy, public administration

19.

COVID-19 and Undeclared Work: Impacts, Challenges and Policy Responses

Williams, C.C. (2020) COVID-19 and Undeclared Work: impacts, challenges and policy responses. Regional Cooperation Council, Sarajevo.
Number of pages: 49 Posted: 13 Aug 2020
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
Downloads 98 (332,813)
Citation 5

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COVID-19, informal economy, undeclared work, public policy, Western Balkans

20.

The ‘Excluded Consumer’: A Neglected Aspect of Social Exclusion?

Policy and Politics, Vol. 30, No. 4, pp. 499-511 (2002)
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 07 Jul 2013
Colin Williams and Jan E. Windebank
University of Sheffield - School of Management and University of Sheffield - Department of French
Downloads 98 (332,813)
Citation 1

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consumption, consumers, informal economy, informal sector, England, social exclusion

21.

The Diverse and Contested Meanings of Sustainable Development

Geographical Journal, vol. 170, no. 2, pp. 99-104, 2004
Number of pages: 6 Posted: 30 Jun 2013
Colin Williams and Andrew Millington
University of Sheffield - School of Management and University of Leicester
Downloads 94 (341,748)
Citation 4

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sustainable development, environmental paradox, environmentalism, strong sustainability, weak sustainability, deep ecology, shallow environmentalism

22.

Under-Declaring Work, Falsely Declaring Work: Under-Declared Employment in the European Union

Number of pages: 59 Posted: 16 Oct 2017
Colin Williams and Ioana Alexandra Horodnic
University of Sheffield - School of Management and Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iasi
Downloads 93 (344,125)
Citation 3

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informal economy, shadow economy, tax evasion, labor economics, informal sector

23.

Tackling Undeclared Work in the European Union

Number of pages: 19 Posted: 19 Aug 2019
Ioana Alexandra Horodnic and Colin Williams
Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iasi and University of Sheffield - School of Management
Downloads 87 (358,681)

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undeclared work; rational economic actor approach; social actor approach; tax morale; vertical trust; horizontal trust

24.

Tackling Undeclared Work in 27 European Union Member States and Norway: Approaches and Measures Since 2008

Colin C. Williams and Piet Renooy, Tackling Undeclared Work in 27 European Union Member States and Norway: Approaches and Measures Since 2008, Eurofound, 2013
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 30 Jun 2013
Colin Williams, Piet Renooy and Piet Renooy
University of Sheffield - School of Management and IndependentRegioplan Policy Research
Downloads 86 (361,237)
Citation 2

Abstract:

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undeclared work, informal economy, informal employment, shadow economy

25.

Evaluating the Impact of the Informal Economy on Businesses in South East Europe: Some Lessons from the 2009 World Bank Enterprise Survey

The South-East European Journal of Economics and Business, Vol. 7, 2012, No.1, pp. 99-110.
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 21 Dec 2015
John Hudson, Colin Williams, Marta Orviska and Sara Nadin
University of Bath - Department of Economics, University of Sheffield - School of Management, Matej Bel University and University of Liverpool
Downloads 85 (363,873)
Citation 1

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informal economy, workers' wages, underground economy, World Bank Enterprise Survey, South-East Europe

26.

Theorising the Hidden Enterprise Culture: The Nature of Entrepreneurship in the Shadow Economy

International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, Vol. 14, No.3, pp. 334-348, 2011
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 05 Jul 2013
Colin Williams and Sara Nadin
University of Sheffield - School of Management and University of Liverpool
Downloads 85 (363,873)
Citation 2

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entrepreneurship, enterprise culture, enterprise development, business start-up, informal sector, shadow economy, underground economy, tax non-compliance, England

27.

Women Entrepreneurs in the Indian Informal Sector: Marginalisation Dynamics or Institutional Rational Choice?

International Journal of Gender and Entrepreneurship, Vol. 3, No.1, pp. 6-22, 2011
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 13 Dec 2015
Colin Williams and Anjula Gurtoo
University of Sheffield - School of Management and Indian Institute of Science
Downloads 78 (382,743)

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self employed women, entrepreneurship, informal economy, institutional rational choice, India

28.

Tackling the Hidden Enterprise Culture: Government Policies to Support the Formalization of Informal Entrepreneurship

Williams, C.C. and Nadin, S. (2012) “Tackling the Hidden Enterprise Culture: Government Policies to Support the Formalization of Informal Entrepreneurship”, Entrepreneurship and Regional Development, Vol. 24, No. 9-10, pp. 895–915
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 06 Jul 2013
Colin Williams and Sara Nadin
University of Sheffield - School of Management and University of Liverpool
Downloads 74 (394,342)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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entrepreneurship, enterprise culture, tax evasion, tax compliance, informal economy, informal entrepreneurship, shadow economy, underground economy

29.

Out of the Margins: Re-Theorizing the Role of the Informal Economy in Ukraine

International Journal of Economic Perspectives, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 45 - 58.
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 06 Jul 2013
Colin Williams and John Round
University of Sheffield - School of Management and University of Birmingham
Downloads 72 (400,374)
Citation 3

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informal sector, informal economy, informal employment, shadow economy, undeclared work, underground economy, Ukraine, livelihoods

30.

Do Deterrents Prevent Undeclared Work? An Evaluation of the Rational Economic Actor Approach

Number of pages: 11 Posted: 31 Jan 2018
Ioana Alexandra Horodnic and Colin Williams
Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iasi and University of Sheffield - School of Management
Downloads 71 (403,517)
Citation 7

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informal economy, informal sector, economics, public policy, European Union, business ethics, business economics, economic sociology, social science, shadow economy

31.

Theorizing Entrepreneurship in the Informal Sector in Urban Brazil: A Product of Exit or Exclusion?

Journal of Entrepreneurship, Vol. 24, No. 2, pp. 148-168, 2015
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 10 Jan 2017
Colin Williams and Youssef Youssef
University of Sheffield - School of Management and Humber College
Downloads 71 (403,517)

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Entrepreneurship, Micro-Enterprise, Small Businesses, Enterprise Culture, Informal Sector, Underground Economy, Shadow Economy, Brazil

32.

Informal Entrepreneurship in Developing Economies: The Impacts of Starting Up Unregistered on Firm Performance

Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, DOI: 10.1111/etap.12238
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 20 Aug 2016
Colin Williams, Alvaro Martinez and Abbi Kedir
University of Sheffield - School of Management, University of Sheffield and University of Leicester - Department of Economics
Downloads 68 (412,913)

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entrepreneurship, informal economy, informal sector, development economics, economic development, shadow economy

33.

European Platform Undeclared Work 2017 Platform Survey Report: Organisational Characteristics of Enforcement Bodies, Measures Adopted to Tackle Undeclared Work, and the Use of Databases and Digital Tools

European Commission, Brussels, October 2017
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 11 Dec 2017
Colin Williams and Elbereth Puts
University of Sheffield - School of Management and ICF International
Downloads 67 (416,204)
Citation 11

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informal sector, informal economy, labor economics, entrepreneurship, industrial relations, tax evasion, informal labor markets, tax law, illegal behaviour, formal and informal sectors

34.

Enabling Enterprise: Tackling the Barriers to Formalisation

C.C. Williams, S. Nadin, A. P. Barbour, M. Llanes, Enabling Enterprise: Tackling the Barriers to Formalisation, Community Links, 2012
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 30 Jun 2013
Colin Williams, Sara Nadin, Aaron Barbour and Marlen Llanes
University of Sheffield - School of Management, University of Liverpool, University of Sheffield - School of Management and University of Sheffield - School of Management
Downloads 65 (422,863)

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informal economy, informal employment, undeclared work, shadow economy, hidden economy

35.

A Lifestyle Choice? Evaluating the Motives of Do-it-Yourself (DIY) Consumers

International Journal of Retail and Distribution Management, 2004, Vol 31, No. 5, pp. 270-278.
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 26 Dec 2015
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
Downloads 63 (429,623)

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Informal sector, household work practices, livelihoods, economic development, England

36.

Assessing the Cross-National Transferability of Policy Measures for Tackling Undeclared Work

Number of pages: 107 Posted: 27 Sep 2014
University of Sheffield - School of Management, University of Sheffield, University of Buckingham - Business School, University of Sheffield - School of Management and University of Sheffield - School of Management
Downloads 63 (429,623)
Citation 2

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tax evasion, shadow economy, undeclared work, informal economy, Macedonia, Croatia, Bulgaria, policy transfer

37.

Psychological Contract Violation Beyond an Employees’ Perspective: The Perspective of Employers

Employee Relations, Vol. 34, No. 2, pp. 110-125, 2012
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 14 Dec 2015
Sara Nadin and Colin Williams
University of Liverpool and University of Sheffield - School of Management
Downloads 61 (436,593)

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Psychological contract violation, Employers, Small businesses, Employees, Psychological contracts

38.

The Nature of Entrepreneurship in the Informal Sector: Evidence from England

Journal of Developmental Entrepreneurship, Vol. 12, No.2, pp. 239-254 (2007)
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 07 Jul 2013
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
Downloads 61 (436,593)
Citation 1

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entrepreneurship, informal economy, informal sector, England, shadow economy, underground economy, informal entrepreneurship

39.

Designing Focus Groups and Experiments to Evaluate Policy Approaches and Measures for Tackling Undeclared Work

Number of pages: 40 Posted: 17 Feb 2015
Marina Polak, Lyubo Mishkov and Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management, University of Sheffield - School of Management and University of Sheffield - School of Management
Downloads 60 (440,114)
Citation 6

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informal economy; informal sector; focus groups; Croatia; Bulgaria; Macedonia

40.

Tackling Europe's Informal Economy: A Critical Evaluation of the Neo-Liberal De-Regulatory Perspective

Journal of Contemporary European Research. 9 (2), pp. 261‐279.
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 24 Dec 2015
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
Downloads 59 (443,749)

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Shadow economy, hidden economy, informal sector, informal employment, Europe

41.

Evaluating Competing Explanations for Street Entrepreneurship: Some Evidence from India

Journal of Global Entrepreneurship Research, Vol. 1, No. 2, pp. 3-19, 2011
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 14 Dec 2015
Colin Williams and Anjula Gurtoo
University of Sheffield - School of Management and Indian Institute of Science
Downloads 56 (454,752)

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street hawking, street vendors, entrepreneurship, informal economy, informal sector, India

42.

Determinants of the Level of Informality of Informal Micro-Enterprises: Some Evidence from the City of Lahore, Pakistan

World Development, October 2015
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 13 Dec 2015
Colin Williams, Alvaro Martinez and Muhammad Shehryar
University of Sheffield - School of Management, University of Sheffield and Lahore University of Management Sciences (LUMS)
Downloads 53 (466,117)
Citation 1

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entrepreneurship, informal sector, micro-enterprise, Asia, Pakistan

43.

Tackling Undeclared Work in the Collaborative Economy and Bogus Self-Employment

Number of pages: 111 Posted: 30 Nov 2020
Colin Williams, MIREIA LLOBERA VILA and Adrian Horodnic
University of Sheffield - School of Management, affiliation not provided to SSRN and Independent
Downloads 52 (470,035)

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informal economy, gig economy, platform economy, collaborative economy, bogus self-employment

44.

Institutional Asymmetry and the Acceptability of Undeclared Work

SHADOWS Working Paper no. 01-2019
Number of pages: 55 Posted: 12 Feb 2019
Ioana Alexandra Horodnic and Colin Williams
Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iasi and University of Sheffield - School of Management
Downloads 49 (482,290)
Citation 2

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undeclard work; institutional asymmetry; formal institutional failings; vertical trust; horizontal trust.

45.

Flexibility@Work 2014: Bringing the Undeclared Economy Out of the Shadows – The Role of Temporary Work Agencies

Randstad, Amsterdam, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 57 Posted: 01 Apr 2014 Last Revised: 02 Apr 2014
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
Downloads 48 (486,368)

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informal sector; informal economy; undeclared economy; labor economics; public policy; labour economics; temporary work

46.

Tackling Undeclared Work in Bulgaria: Knowledge-Informed Policy Responses

GREY Policy Brief, No. 1, 2017
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 29 Aug 2017
Ruslan Stefanov, Colin Williams and Peter Rodgers
University of Sheffield - School of Management, University of Sheffield - School of Management and University of Sheffield
Downloads 47 (490,758)

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informal economy, shadow economy, tax evasion, labor economics, informal sector, Bulgaria

47.

Explaining Cross-National Variations in Tax Morality in the European Union: An Exploratory Analysis

Studies of Transition States and Societies, July 2014, Vol. 6, No. 1, pp. 5-18
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 27 Dec 2015
Colin Williams and Alvaro Martinez
University of Sheffield - School of Management and University of Sheffield
Downloads 47 (490,758)

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informal economy, tax morality, taxation, neo-liberalism, social Europe

48.

Undeclared Work in Croatia: A Baseline Assessment

GREY Working Paper no. 2, Sheffield University Management School, University of Sheffield, Sheffield
Number of pages: 53 Posted: 11 May 2014
Josip Franic and Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management and University of Sheffield - School of Management
Downloads 46 (495,084)
Citation 11

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49.

Evaluating the Variations in Undeclared Work in the EU-27

Journal of Economy and Its Applications, Vol. 2, No. 2, pp. 20-39, 2012
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 30 Jun 2013
Tim Vorley and Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management and University of Sheffield - School of Management
Downloads 46 (495,084)

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informal employment, informal sector, underground economy, neo-liberalism, welfare regimes, European Union

Evaluating the Policy Approach Towards the Undeclared Economy in FYR Macedonia

Williams, C., Dzhekova, R., Franic, J. & Mishkov, L. (2015). Evaluating the policy approach towards the undeclared economy in FYR Macedonia. International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, volume: 24 (issue: 2)
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 27 Jan 2015
University of Sheffield - School of Management, University of Sheffield, University of Sheffield - School of Management and University of Sheffield - School of Management
Downloads 26 (616,983)

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informal sector; shadow economy; entrepreneurship; tax evasion; economic development; public policy; Macedonia

Evaluating the Policy Approach towards the Undeclared Economy in FYR Macedonia

International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, Vol. 24, No. 2, pp. 268–286, 2015
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 10 Jan 2017
University of Sheffield - School of Management, University of Sheffield, University of Sheffield - School of Management and University of Sheffield - School of Management
Downloads 18 (677,708)

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Informal Sector, Shadow Economy, Entrepreneurship, Tax Evasion, Economic Development, Public Policy, Macedonia

51.

Evaluating the Motives of Informal Entrepreneurs: Some Lessons from Ukraine

Journal of Developmental Entrepreneurship, Vol. 14, No. 1, pp. 59-71 (2009)
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 07 Jul 2013
Colin Williams, John Round and Peter Rodgers
University of Sheffield - School of Management, University of Birmingham and University of Sheffield
Downloads 44 (504,021)

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entrepreneurship, informal economy, informal sector, Ukraine, economic development, venture creation

52.

Explaining the Informal Economy: An Exploratory Evaluation of Competing Perspectives

Relations Industrielles/Industrial Relations, Vol. 70, No. 4, pp. 741-765, 2015
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 10 Jan 2017
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
Downloads 43 (508,495)
Citation 2

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Informal Sector, Undeclared Work, Employment Relations, Economic Development, Developed Countries

53.

Blurring the Formal/Informal Economy Divide: Beyond a Dual Economies Approach

Journal of Economy and its Applications, Volume 2 Issue 1 (2012), Pages 85-103.
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 21 Dec 2015
Sara Nadin and Colin Williams
University of Liverpool and University of Sheffield - School of Management
Downloads 43 (508,495)

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informal economy, dual economies, informalization, household work, livelihoods, economic sociology

54.

Evaluating the Magnitude of the Shadow Economy: A Direct Survey Approach

Journal of Economic Studies, Vol. 33, No. 5, pp. 369-385, 2006
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 08 Jul 2013
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
Downloads 43 (508,495)
Citation 1

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informal employment, informal economy, shadow economy, underground economy, hidden economy, England, United Kingdom, economic sectors, small enterprises

Cross-National Variations in Undeclared Work: Results from a Survey of 27 European Countries

International Journal of Economic Perspectives, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 46–63, 2008
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 05 Jul 2013
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
Downloads 32 (577,866)
Citation 1

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undeclared work, Europe, informal economy, informal sector, shadow economy, informal employment, underground economy

Cross-National Variations in Undeclared Work: Results from a Survey of 27 European Countries

International Journal of Economic Perspectives Vol. 2, no.2, pp. 46-63, 2008
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 13 Dec 2015
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
Downloads 11 (735,692)

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economy, cash-in-hand work, underground economy, tax compliance, European Union.

56.

Explaining the Undeclared Economy in Bulgaria: An Institutional Asymmetry Perspective

South East European Journal of Economics and Business, Volume 9 (2) December 2014, 33-45
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 27 Dec 2015
Colin Williams, Josip Franic and Rositsa Dzhekova
University of Sheffield - School of Management, University of Sheffield - School of Management and University of Sheffield
Downloads 42 (513,045)
Citation 1

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informal sector, shadow economy, tax morale, institutional theory, Bulgaria, South-East Europe

57.

Evaluating the Motives of Informal Entrepreneurs in Koforidua, Ghana

Journal of Developmental Entrepreneurship Vol 17, No.1, 2012, pp. 1-17
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 21 Dec 2015
Kwame Adom and Colin Williams
University of Ghana and University of Sheffield - School of Management
Downloads 42 (513,045)

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Entrepreneurship, informal economy, sub-Saharan Africa, Ghana

58.

Visions of the Future of Employment: A Critical Overview

Foresight, Vol. 10, No. 5, pp. 24 – 33, 2008
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 06 Jul 2013
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
Downloads 42 (513,045)

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employment, economic development, Fordism, post-Fordism, bureaucracy, post-Bureaucracy

59.

Does Trust Prevent Undeclared Work? An Evaluation of the Social Actor Approach

Number of pages: 12 Posted: 31 Aug 2018
Ioana Alexandra Horodnic and Colin Williams
Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iasi and University of Sheffield - School of Management
Downloads 41 (517,783)
Citation 1

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undeclared work, informal economy, informal sector, public policy, European Union, shadow economy

60.

Beyond the Formal Economy: Evaluating the Level of Employment in Informal Sector Enterprises in Global Perspective

Journal of Developmental Entrepreneurship, Vol. 18, No. 4 (2013)
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 22 Dec 2015
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
Downloads 41 (517,783)
Citation 1

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Informal economy, shadow economy, underground sector, entrepreneurship, enterprise development, economic development

61.

Beyond Entrepreneurs as Heroic Icons of Capitalist Society: A Case Study of Street Entrepreneurs in India

International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, Vol. 19, No. 4, pp. 421-437 (2013)
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 22 Dec 2015
Colin Williams and Anjula Gurtoo
University of Sheffield - School of Management and Indian Institute of Science
Downloads 40 (522,536)

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enterprise culture, entrepreneurs, street entrepreneurs, street hawkers, street vendors, informal economy, capitalism, emerging markets, India

62.

Preventative Policy Measures to Tackle Undeclared Work in Croatia

IPA 2012 Twinning Project HR 12 IB SO 01 Strengthening Policy and Capacities to Reduce Undeclared Work (CRO MOONLIGHTING)
Number of pages: 104 Posted: 20 Jul 2017
University of Sheffield - School of Management, Central Customs Authority of Germany, Independent, Federal Customs Authority of Germany, Independent, Slovak Academy of Sciences - Institute of Economic Research and Independent
Downloads 39 (527,349)

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informal economy, shadow economy, tax evasion, labor economics, informal sector, Croatia

63.

The Extent and Nature of Undeclared Work in Croatia

Number of pages: 34 Posted: 05 Apr 2017
Colin Williams, Marek Radvansky and Miroslav Stefanik
University of Sheffield - School of Management, Slovak Academy of Sciences - Institute of Economic Research and Independent
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informal economy, shadow economy, tax evasion, informal sector, Croatia

64.

Do Small Business Start-Ups Test-Trade in the Informal Economy? Evidence from a UK Survey

International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, Vol. 22, No. 1, 2014
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 27 Dec 2015
Colin Williams and Alvaro Martinez
University of Sheffield - School of Management and University of Sheffield
Downloads 39 (527,349)
Citation 2

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informal economy, underground sector, shadow economy, nascent entrepreneurship, business start-up, venture creation, enterprise development, UK

65.

Entrepreneurship, the Informal Economy and Rural Communities

Journal of Enterprising Communities, Vol. 5, No. 2, pp. 145-157, 2011
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 14 Dec 2015
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
Downloads 39 (527,349)

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entrepreneurship, enterprise culture, rural economies, informal sector, local economic development, enterprise development

66.

Designing Survey Methods to Evaluate the Undeclared Economy: A Review of the Options

Number of pages: 20 Posted: 29 Jun 2015
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
Downloads 38 (532,168)
Citation 1

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informal sector, research methods, shadow economy, survey design, informal economy, tax evasion

67.

Tackling the Undeclared Economy in FYR Macedonia: A Baseline Assessment

Number of pages: 56 Posted: 15 Aug 2014
University of Sheffield, University of Sheffield - School of Management, University of Sheffield - School of Management and University of Sheffield - School of Management
Downloads 38 (532,168)
Citation 7

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informal sector, Balkans, Macedonia, informal economy, shadow economy, undeclared work

68.

Evaluating the Participation of Students in the Informal Economy: Some Evidence from a European Survey

Journal of Economy and Its Applications, Volume 2, Issue 1, pp. 51-65, 2012
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 30 Jun 2013
University of Sheffield - School of Management, University of Liverpool, University of Sheffield, University of Sheffield, University of Sheffield - Department of French, University of Sheffield - School of Management and University of Sheffield - School of Management
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informal economy; undeclared work, shadow economy, underground economy, students, European Union

69.

Illegitimate Economic Practices in Croatia: Findings from a Representative Survey of 2,000 Citizens

Grey Working Paper No. 9, March 2017
Number of pages: 151 Posted: 15 Mar 2017
Josip Franic and Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management and University of Sheffield - School of Management
Downloads 37 (537,184)
Citation 3

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informal economy, shadow economy, tax evasion, informal sector, Croatia

70.

Evaluating the Gender Variations in Informal Sector Entrepreneurship: Some Lessons from Brazil

Journal of Developmental Entrepreneurship, Vol. 18, No. 1, pp. 1-16.
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 24 Dec 2015
Colin Williams and Youssef Youssef
University of Sheffield - School of Management and Humber College
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Entrepreneurship, micro-enterprise, women, gender inequalities, small businesses, enterprise culture, informal sector, underground economy, shadow economy, Brazil

71.

Evaluating Competing Theories of the Shadow Economy: Some Lessons from an English Locality

International Journal of Economic Perspectives, Vol. 4, No. 2, pp. 391-402, 2010.
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 05 Jul 2013
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
Downloads 37 (537,184)

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informal economy, informal sector, underground economy, shadow economy, livelihoods, economic development

Helping Each Other Out? Community Exchange in Deprived Neighbourhoods

Community Development Journal, vol.35, no.2, pp. 146-156, 2000
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 27 Aug 2013
Colin Williams and Jan E. Windebank
University of Sheffield - School of Management and University of Sheffield - Department of French
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third sector, voluntary sector, community participation, community engagement, volunteering, community development, economic sociology, urban development

Helping Each Other Out?: Community Exchange in Deprived Neighbourhoods

Community Development Journal, vol.35, no.2, pp. 146-156, 2000
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 30 Jun 2013
Colin Williams and Jan E. Windebank
University of Sheffield - School of Management and University of Sheffield - Department of French
Downloads 12 (727,238)

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community development, informal economy, informal sector; urban studies, community economic development, reciprocity, community exchange, mutual aid, community self-help

Helping Each Other Out?: Community Exchange in Deprived Neighbourhoods

Community Development Journal, 2000, Vol. 35, No. 2, pp. 146-156.
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 26 Dec 2015
Colin Williams and Jan E. Windebank
University of Sheffield - School of Management and University of Sheffield - Department of French
Downloads 9 (752,812)

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Informal sector, household work practices, livelihoods, economic development, England

73.

An Evaluation of the Persistence of Blat in Post-Soviet Societies: A Case Study of Ukraine's Health Services Sector

Studies in Transition States and Societies, Vol. 7, No. 2, pp. 46 – 63, 2015
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 12 Dec 2016
Colin Williams and Olga Onoshchenko
University of Sheffield - School of Management and University of Sheffield - School of Management
Downloads 36 (542,299)
Citation 3

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Social Capital, Blat, Guanxi, Wasta, Corruption, Nepotism, Cronyism; Informal Economy, Health Services, Ukraine

74.

Why Do Consumers Purchase Goods and Services in the Informal Economy?

Journal of Business Research, May 2014, Vol. 67, No. 5, pp. 802-806.
Number of pages: 5 Posted: 27 Dec 2015
Colin Williams and Alvaro Martinez
University of Sheffield - School of Management and University of Sheffield
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Citation 2

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Consumer behavior, Informal sector, Underground economy, Shadow economy, European Union

75.

Beyond Necessity versus Opportunity Entrepreneurship: Some Lessons from English Deprived Urban Neighbourhoods

International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, 2011
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 14 Dec 2015
Nick Williams and Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management and University of Sheffield - School of Management
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Citation 2

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Opportunity entrepreneurship, Necessity entrepreneurship, Deprived urban neighbourhoods

76.

The Illusion of Capitalism in Contemporary Sub-Saharan Africa: A Case Study of the Gambia

Foresight, Vol. 13, No. 3, pp. 50-63, 2011
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 13 Dec 2015
Abdoulie Sallah and Colin Williams
Coventry University and University of Sheffield - School of Management
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Market economy, Developing economies, informal sector, informal economy, The Gambia, Africa

77.

Re-Reading Entrepreneurship in the Hidden Economy: Commercial or Social Entrepreneurs?

International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, Vol. 14, No. 4, pp. 441 – 455, 2011 .
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 05 Jul 2013
Colin Williams and Sara Nadin
University of Sheffield - School of Management and University of Liverpool
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informal economy, shadow economy, underground economy, commercial entrepreneurship, social entrepreneurship, enterprise culture, nascent entrepreneurship, enterprise development

78.

The Myth of Marketization: An Evaluation of the Persistence of Non-Market Activities in Advanced Economies

International Sociology, December 2004, Vol. 19(4): 437-449
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 08 Jul 2013
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
Downloads 35 (547,585)
Citation 1

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informal economy, informal sector, marketization, capitalism, economic development, commercialization, commodification

79.

Evaluating the Nature of the Relationship between Informal Entrepreneurship and the Formal Economy in Rural Communities

International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Innovation, Vol. 12, No. 2, pp. 95-103, 2011
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 06 Jul 2013
Colin Williams and Sara Nadin
University of Sheffield - School of Management and University of Liverpool
Downloads 35 (547,585)

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entrepreneurship, informal sector, informal economy, rural development, rural economies, England

80.

Evaluating Competing Theories of Informal Entrepreneurship: Some Lessons from Ukraine

International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour & Research, Vol. 18 Iss: 5, 2012, pp. 528-543
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 21 Dec 2015
Colin Williams, Sara Nadin and Peter Rodgers
University of Sheffield - School of Management, University of Liverpool and University of Sheffield
Downloads 34 (552,946)

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entrepreneurship, enterprise culture, informal sector, underground economy, economic development, Ukraine, post-socialist societies

81.

Coping with the Social Costs of 'Transition': Everyday Life in Post-Soviet Russia and Ukraine

European Urban and Regional Studies, Vol. 17, No. 2, pp. 183-196, 2010
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 05 Jul 2013
John Round and Colin Williams
University of Birmingham and University of Sheffield - School of Management
Downloads 33 (558,368)
Citation 1

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informal employment, Russia, Ukraine, marginalisation, informal economy, informal sector, livelihood practices, diverse economies, economic development

82.

Explaining the Off-the-Books Enterprise Culture of Ukraine: Reluctant or Willing Entrepreneurship?

International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, Volume 10, no. 2, pp. 165-180, 2010
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 05 Jul 2013
Colin Williams, John Round and Peter Rodgers
University of Sheffield - School of Management, University of Birmingham and University of Sheffield
Downloads 33 (558,368)
Citation 1

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entrepreneurship, necessity entrepreneurs, enterprise culture, informal economy, shadow economy, underground sector, tax compliance, Ukraine

83.

Is the Informal Economy an Incubator for New Enterprise Creation? A Gender Perspective

International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behavior & Research, Vol. 20 Iss 1 pp. 4-19
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 27 Dec 2015
Colin Williams and Alvaro Martinez
University of Sheffield - School of Management and University of Sheffield
Downloads 32 (563,748)
Citation 1

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Gender, Informal economy, Shadow economy, Start-ups, Venture creation

84.

Entrepreneurship and the Informal Economy: A Study of Ukraine’s Hidden Enterprise Culture

Journal of Developmental Entrepreneurship, Vol. 12, No. 1 (2007) 119-136
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 27 Dec 2015
Colin Williams and John Round
University of Sheffield - School of Management and University of Birmingham
Downloads 31 (569,287)
Citation 1

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informal sector, entrepreneurship, underground economy, economic development, Ukraine, post-socialist societies

85.

Tackling the Undeclared Economy in Croatia

South-Eastern Europe Journal of Economics 1 (2013) 7-36, 2013
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 24 Dec 2015
Marijana Baric and Colin Williams
University of Buckingham - Business School and University of Sheffield - School of Management
Downloads 31 (569,287)
Citation 1

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Informal Economy, Undeclared Work, Shadow Economy, Underground economy, Croatia, Europe

86.

Workplace Crime and the Informal Economy in Ukraine: Employee and Employer Perspectives

International Journal of Social Economics, 2008
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 13 Dec 2015
Colin Williams, John Round and Peter Rodgers
University of Sheffield - School of Management, University of Birmingham and University of Sheffield
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Workplace Crime, Corruption, Informal Work, Ukraine, Soviet/Post-Soviet

87.

Re-Theorizing the Nature of Informal Employment: Some Lessons from Ukraine

International Sociology, May 2008, Vol. 23(3): 367-388
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 08 Jul 2013
Colin Williams and John Round
University of Sheffield - School of Management and University of Birmingham
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informal employment, shadow economy, undeclared work, informal economy, informal sector, cash-in-hand work, underground economy, Ukraine, Eastern European, economic development, post-socialist societies

88.

Tackling Undeclared Work in the Construction Industry: Policy Report

European Federation of Building and Woodworkers, 2020
Number of pages: 5 Posted: 13 Apr 2020
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
Downloads 30 (575,070)

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informal economy, tax evasion, shadow economy, tax compliance, construction industry, undeclared work, European Union

89.

Tackling Undeclared Work in the FYR of Macedonia: Knowledge-Informed Policy Responses

Number of pages: 10 Posted: 29 Aug 2017
Ruslan Stefanov, Colin Williams and Peter Rodgers
University of Sheffield - School of Management, University of Sheffield - School of Management and University of Sheffield
Downloads 30 (575,070)
Citation 2

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informal economy, shadow economy, tax evasion, labor economics, informal sector

90.

Combating Informal Employment in Latin America: A Critical Evaluation of the Neo-Liberal Policy Approach

Research in World Economy Vol. 5, No. 2; 2014
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 24 Dec 2015
Colin Williams and Youssef Youssef
University of Sheffield - School of Management and Carleton College
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informal economy, economic development, developing countries, Latin America

91.

Envelope Wages in the European Union

International Labour Review, Vol. 152, No. 3–4, pp. 411-430 (2013)
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 22 Dec 2015
Colin Williams and Jo Padmore
University of Sheffield - School of Management and University of Sheffield
Downloads 30 (575,070)
Citation 5

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informal economy, tax evasion, shadow economy, tax, Europe

92.

Entrepreneurship in the Informal Economy: Commercial or Social Entrepreneurs?

International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, (2012) Vol. 8 No.3, pp. 309-324
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 21 Dec 2015
Colin Williams and Sara Nadin
University of Sheffield - School of Management and University of Liverpool
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Informal sector, Commercial entrepreneurship, Social entrepreneurship, Enterprise culture, Moscow

93.

Evaluating Informal Entrepreneurs’ Motives: Evidence from Moscow

International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour and Research, Vol. 15, No. 1, pp. 94-107, 2009
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 14 Dec 2015
Colin Williams and John Round
University of Sheffield - School of Management and University of Birmingham
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necessity entrepreneurs, opportunity entrepreneurs, entrepreneurship, informal economy, enterprise culture, Moscow

94.

Evaluating Policy Measures to Tackle Undeclared Work: The Role of Stakeholder Collaboration in Building Trust and Improving Policy-Making

GREY Working Paper No. 8
Number of pages: 47 Posted: 02 Aug 2015
Anton Kojouharov and Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management and University of Sheffield - School of Management
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Citation 3

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informal economy, shadow economy, labor economics, public policy, policy evaluation

95.

Beyond Commodification: Re-Reading the Future of Work

Foresight, Vol. 6, No. 6, pp. 329 - 337, 2004
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 06 Jul 2013
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
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commodification, informalisation, informal economy, informal sector, shadow economy, economic development

96.

Re-Thinking Informal Entrepreneurship: Commercial or Social Entrepreneurs?

International Journal of Social Entrepreneurship and Innovation, Vol. 1, No. 3, 2012, pp. 295-309
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 21 Dec 2015
Colin Williams and Sara Nadin
University of Sheffield - School of Management and University of Liverpool
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informal sector, shadow economy, hidden economy, underground economy, commercial entrepreneurship, social entrepreneurship, enterprise culture, post-socialist economies, Ukraine

97.

Tackling Undeclared Work in Turkey

Eurofound, Dublin, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 15 Jul 2013
Colin Williams, Marijana Baric, Piet Renooy and Piet Renooy
University of Sheffield - School of Management, University of Buckingham - Business School and IndependentRegioplan Policy Research
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undeclared work, informal sector, informal economy, shadow economy, hidden economy, Turkey, economic development

98.

Tackling the Informal Economy: Towards a Coordinated Public Policy Approach

Public Policy and Administration, Vol. 20, No. 2, pp. 38-53, Summer 2005
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 08 Jul 2013
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
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undeclared work, coordinated approach, hidden economy, shadow economy, informal employment, tax evasion, tax compliance, tax non-compliance, shadow economy, underground economy, public policy

99.

Beyond Market Hegemony: Re-Thinking the Relationship between Market and Non-Market Economic Practices

International Journal of Economic Perspectives, vol. 1. no.3, pp. 147-161, 2007.
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 05 Jul 2013
Colin Williams and John Round
University of Sheffield - School of Management and University of Birmingham
Downloads 29 (580,962)
Citation 2

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economic development, transition economies, Moscow, informal economy, informal sector, shadow economy, underground economy, Eastern Europe

100.

Assessment of Under-Declared Employment in Croatia

Number of pages: 33 Posted: 09 Jun 2017
Colin Williams, Marek Radvansky and Miroslav Stefanik
University of Sheffield - School of Management, Slovak Academy of Sciences - Institute of Economic Research and Independent
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informal economy, shadow economy, tax evasion, labor economics, informal sector, Croatia

101.

Who Participates in the Undeclared Economy in South-Eastern Europe? An Evaluation of the Marginalization Thesis

South-Eastern Europe Journal of Economics, Vol. 13, No.2, pp. 157-175, 2015
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 13 Dec 2016 Last Revised: 11 Jan 2017
Colin Williams and Ioana Alexandra Horodnic
University of Sheffield - School of Management and Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iasi
Downloads 28 (587,101)

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Informal Economy, Underground Sector, Shadow Economy, Marginalized, Baltic Region

102.

The Motives of Off-the-Books Entrepreneurs: Necessity- or Opportunity-Driven?

International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, Vol. 5, No. 2, pp. 203-217, 2009
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 14 Dec 2015
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
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necessity entrepreneurs, opportunity entrepreneurs, informal economy, shadow economy, enterprise culture, England

103.

Small Business and the Informal Economy: Evidence from the UK

International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour & Research, Vol. 13 No. 6, 2007, pp. 349-366
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 27 Dec 2015
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
Downloads 27 (593,268)
Citation 1

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Informal sector, entrepreneurship, household work practices, livelihoods, economic development, England

104.

Public Policy Innovations: The Case of Undeclared Work

Management Decision, 2013, Vol. 51, No. 6, pp. 1161-1175.
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 24 Dec 2015
University of Sheffield - School of Management, University of Sheffield - Department of French, University of Buckingham - Business School and University of Liverpool
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Citation 2

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undeclared work; shadow economy; hidden economy; informal economy, public policy, European Union, innovation, public sector management, tax compliance

105.

Rethinking the Commercialization of Everyday Life: A ‘Whole Economy’ Perspective

Foresight, Vol. 12, No. 6, pp. 55-68, 2010
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 14 Dec 2015
Colin Williams and Sara Nadin
University of Sheffield - School of Management and University of Liverpool
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commercialisation, commoditisation, marketisation, livelihoods, informal economy, England

106.

Spatial Variations in the Hidden Enterprise Culture: Some Lessons from England

Williams, C.C. (2010) “Spatial Variations in the Hidden Enterprise Culture: Some Lessons From England”, Entrepreneurship and Regional Development, Vol. 22, No. 5, pp. 403 – 423
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 21 Sep 2013
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
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Citation 4

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entrepreneurship, informal entrepreneurship, enterprise culture, informal economy, informal sector, shadow economy, undeclared work, underground economy

107.

Tackling Undeclared Work in Croatia

Eurofound, Dubin, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 15 Jul 2013
Colin Williams, Marijana Baric, Piet Renooy and Piet Renooy
University of Sheffield - School of Management, University of Buckingham - Business School and IndependentRegioplan Policy Research
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informal economy, informal sector, undeclared work, hidden economy, underground sector, shadow economy, Croatia

108.

The Illusion of Capitalism in Post-Soviet Ukraine

Debatte: Journal of Contemporary Central and Eastern Europe, Vol. 16, No.3, pp. 331-345, 2008
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 06 Jul 2013
Colin Williams and John Round
University of Sheffield - School of Management and University of Birmingham
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capitalism, post-structuralism, Ukraine, informal economy, informal sector, livelihoods, Eastern Europe

109.

Towards a Commodified World? Re-Reading Economic Development in Western Economies

International Journal of Economic Development, vol. 6, no.1, pp. 1-21, 2004
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 05 Jul 2013
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
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Citation 2

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economic development, western economies, informal economy, informal sector, commodification, marketization, commercialisation, capitalism

110.

Evaluating the Extent and Nature of ‘Envelope Wages’ in the European Union: A Geographical Analysis

European Spatial Research and Policy, Vol. 16, No. 1, pp. 115-129, 2009
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 14 Dec 2015
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
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illegal work, informal economy, envelope wages, tax evasion, European Union

111.

Evaluating Competing Theories of Informal Employment: Some Lessons from a 28-Nation European Survey

International Journal of Business and Globalisation, Vol. 15, No.1, pp. 45-62, 2015
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 13 Dec 2016 Last Revised: 11 Jan 2017
Colin Williams and Jan E. Windebank
University of Sheffield - School of Management and University of Sheffield - Department of French
Downloads 25 (606,244)
Citation 1

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Undeclared Work, Shadow Economy, Informal Economy, Tax Evasion, Tax Policy, Labour Law, Labour Economics, European Union

112.

Entrepreneurship in the Informal Economy: A Product of Too Much or Too Little State Intervention?

Entrepreneurship and Innovation, 2014, Vol 15, No 4, November 2014, pp 227–237
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 27 Dec 2015
Colin Williams and Alvaro Martinez
University of Sheffield - School of Management and University of Sheffield
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informal sector, informal entrepreneurship, enterprise culture, enterprise creation, informal economy, shadow economy, entrepreneurship

113.

Tackling Undeclared Work in Montenegro

Eurofound, Dublin, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 15 Jul 2013
Colin Williams, Marijana Baric, Piet Renooy and Piet Renooy
University of Sheffield - School of Management, University of Buckingham - Business School and IndependentRegioplan Policy Research
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informal economy, shadow economy, hidden eocnomy, undreground sector, undeclared work, Montenegro

114.

Tackling Undeclared Work in the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

Eurofound, Dublin, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 15 Jul 2013
Colin Williams, Marijana Baric, Piet Renooy and Piet Renooy
University of Sheffield - School of Management, University of Buckingham - Business School and IndependentRegioplan Policy Research
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undeclared work, informal employment, informal economy, informal sector, shadow economy, underground sector, Macedonia, Southern Europe

115.

Eliminating Undeclared Work: Beyond a Deterrence Approach

Journal of Economic Studies, Vol. 32, No. 5, pp. 435-449, 2005
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 08 Jul 2013
Colin Williams and Jan E. Windebank
University of Sheffield - School of Management and University of Sheffield - Department of French
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Citation 1

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informal economy, informal sector, informal employment, hidden economy, shadow economy, underground sector, public policy, tax evasion, tax compliance, economics, temporary workers, crimes

116.

Beyond Social Inclusion through Employment: Harnessing Mutual Aid as a Complementary Social Inclusion Policy

Policy and Politics, Vol.29, No. 1, pp.15-28 (2001)
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 07 Jul 2013
Colin Williams and Jan E. Windebank
University of Sheffield - School of Management and University of Sheffield - Department of French
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Citation 2

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active citizenship, social inclusion, big society, social exclusion, mutual aid, community self-help, volunteering, England

117.

The Commonality and Character of Off-the-Books Entrepreneurship: A Comparison of Deprived and Affluent Urban Neighbourhoods

Journal of Developmental Entrepreneurship, Vol. 15, No. 3, pp. 1-14 (2010)
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 07 Jul 2013
Colin Williams and Sara Nadin
University of Sheffield - School of Management and University of Liverpool
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entrepreneurship, enterprise culture, informal economy, informal sector, underground economy, shadow economy, England

118.

Evaluating the Cross-National Transferability of Policies: A Conceptual Framework

Journal of Developmental Entrepreneurship, Vol. 19, No. 4 (December 2014)
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 27 Dec 2015
Colin Williams and Rositsa Dzhekova
University of Sheffield - School of Management and University of Sheffield
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Entrepreneurship, enterprise culture, policy transfer, policy appraisal

119.

Explaining Informal and Second-Hand Goods Acquisition

International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy, 2003, Vol. 23, No. 12, pp. 124-139.
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 27 Dec 2015
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
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Informal sector, household work practices, livelihoods, economic development, England

120.

Explaining Participation in the Informal Economy: An Institutional Incongruence Perspective

International Sociology, Vol. 30, No. 3, pp. 294-313, 2015
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 10 Jan 2017
University of Sheffield - School of Management, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iasi and University of Sheffield - Department of French
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European Union, Informal Employment, Informal Sector, Institutional Theory, Undeclared Economy

121.

Work Beyond Employment: Representations of Informal Economic Activities

Work, Employment and Society, Vol. 26, 2012, No. 2, pp. 1-10.
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 21 Dec 2015
Colin Williams and Sara Nadin
University of Sheffield - School of Management and University of Liverpool
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Abstract:

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dual economy, gender, housework, informal economy, informal employment, underground economy, uneven development, unpaid work, voluntary sector, work organization

122.

Beyond the Formal/Informal Employment Dualism: The Prevalence and Geographies of ‘Quasi-Formal’ Employment in the European Union

European Urban and Regional Studies, Vol. 16, No. 2, pp. 147-159, 2009
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 14 Dec 2015
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
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binary thought, dual economy, envelope wages, European Union, undeclared work

123.

Evaluating the Penetration of Capitalism in Post-Socialist Ukraine

Journal of Economic Studies, Vol. 34, No. 5, pp. 415-429, 2007
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 08 Jul 2013
Colin Williams and John Round
University of Sheffield - School of Management and University of Birmingham
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capitalism, commodifcation, marketization, market economies, commercialization, Eastern Europe, Ukraine, informal sector, informal economy, capitalist systems, financial markets, economic development

124.

Evaluating the Prevalence and Distribution of Envelope Wages in the European Union: Lessons from a 2013 Eurobarometer Survey

Journal of Contemporary European Research, Vol. 11, No. (2), pp. 156-172, 2015
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 12 Dec 2016
University of Sheffield - School of Management, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iasi and University of Sheffield - Department of French
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Illegal Employment, Tax Evasion, Undeclared Work, Informal Economy, European Union

125.

Facilitating the Formalisation of Entrepreneurs in the Informal Economy: Towards a Variegated Policy Approach

Journal of Entrepreneurship and Public Policy, Vol. 3 No. 1, 2014, pp. 33-48
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 27 Dec 2015
Colin Williams and Sara Nadin
University of Sheffield - School of Management and University of Liverpool
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Informal economy, Public policy, Europe, Shadow economy, Tax evasion, Underground sector

126.

International Capital Flows and Small Business Development: Evaluating the Role of International Remittances

European Journal of International Management, Vol. 6, No. 5, 2012, pp. 486-502.
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 21 Dec 2015
Colin Williams, Peter Rodgers and Marijana Baric
University of Sheffield - School of Management, University of Sheffield and University of Buckingham - Business School
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international remittances, small business development, informal entrepreneurship, informal sector

127.

Beyond the Commercial Versus Social Entrepreneurship Dichotomy: A Case Study of Informal Entrepreneurs

Journal of Developmental Entrepreneurship, Vol. 17, No. 3, 2012
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 21 Dec 2015
Colin Williams and Sara Nadin
University of Sheffield - School of Management and University of Liverpool
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informal sector, underground economy, shadow economy, commercial entrepreneurship, social entrepreneurship, enterprise culture, enterprise development

128.

Beyond the Market/Non-Market Divide: A Total Social Organisation of Labour Perspective

International Journal of Social Economics, Vol. 37, No. 6, pp. 402-414, 2010
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 14 Dec 2015
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
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Labour market, Mixed economies, Industrial relations, Urban areas, Rural areas, England

Evaluating Public Sector Management Approaches Towards Undeclared Work in the European Union

International Journal of Public Sector Management Vol. 21, No. 3, pp. 149-166, 2008
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 14 Dec 2015
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
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informal sector, tax compliance, public policy, post-bureaucracy, European Union

Evaluating Public Sector Management Approaches Towards Undeclared Work in the European Union

International Journal of Public Sector Management Vol. 21 No. 3, 2008, pp. 285-294
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 21 Dec 2015
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
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informal sector, tax compliance, public policy, post-bureaucracy, European Union

130.

Reconceptualising Paid Informal Exchange: Some Lessons from English Cities

Environment and Planning A, vol. 33, no. 1, pp. 121-140, 2001
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 30 Jun 2013
Colin Williams and Jan E. Windebank
University of Sheffield - School of Management and University of Sheffield - Department of French
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informal sector, ecnomic geography, informal economy, urban development, economic sociology

131.

Illegitimate Economic Practices in Bulgaria: Findings from a Representative Survey of 2,005 Citizens

Number of pages: 107 Posted: 08 Sep 2017
Junhong Yang and Colin Williams
University of Sheffield and University of Sheffield - School of Management
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Informal Economy, Shadow Economy, Tax Evasion, Labor Economics, Informal Sector

132.

Surviving Post-Socialism: Coping Practices in East-Central Europe

International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy, Vol. 25, No. 9, pp. 64-76, 2005
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 27 Dec 2015
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
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informal sector, underground economy, economic development, Ukraine, post-socialist societies

133.

Explaining Participation in Off-the-Books Entrepreneurship in Ukraine: A Gendered Evaluation

International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, Vol. 5, No. 4, pp. 497-513, 2009
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 14 Dec 2015
Colin Williams and John Round
University of Sheffield - School of Management and University of Birmingham
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entrepreneurship, necessity entrepreneurs, enterprise culture, informal economy, shadow economy, gender divisions of labour, underground sector, tax compliance, Ukraine

134.

The Shallow and Uneven Diffusion of Capitalism in Everyday Life in Post-Soviet Moscow

Debatte: Journal of Contemporary Central and Eastern Europe, Vol. 18, No. 1, pp. 53-69, 2010
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 06 Jul 2013
Colin Williams and John Round
University of Sheffield - School of Management and University of Birmingham
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informal economy, informal sector, capitalism, post-socialism, Eastern Europe, Russia, Moscow

135.

Spatial Variations in the Character of Off-the-Books Entrepreneurship: Lessons from a Study of Contrasting Districts in Moscow

International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, Vol. 10, No. 2, pp. 287-301, 2010
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 05 Jul 2013
Colin Williams and John Round
University of Sheffield - School of Management and University of Birmingham
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Citation 2

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entrepreneurship, enterprise culture, enterprise development, informal economy, shadow economy, underground sector, tax compliance, Moscow

136.

Undeclared Economic Activities of Croatian Companies: Findings from a Representative Survey of 521 Companies

Number of pages: 54 Posted: 02 Oct 2017
Predrag Bejaković and Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management and University of Sheffield - School of Management
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informal economy, shadow economy, tax evasion, labor economics, informal sector

137.

Tackling Undeclared Work in Croatia: Knowledge-Informed Policy Responses

Franic, J. and Williams, C., 2017. Unregistered Economic Practices in Croatia, Sheffield University Management School, University of Sheffield, GREY Working Paper No. 9, March 2017
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 28 Aug 2017
Ruslan Stefanov, Colin Williams and Peter Rodgers
University of Sheffield - School of Management, University of Sheffield - School of Management and University of Sheffield
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informal economy, shadow economy, tax evasion, labor economics, informal sector, Croatia

138.

A Critical Evaluation of the Policy Options Towards the Undeclared Economy

Journal of Self-Governance and Management Economics, Volume 2(4), 2014, pp. 7-52
Number of pages: 46 Posted: 27 Dec 2015
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
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informal sector, underground economy, self-governance, public policy, institutional theory, wicked problems

139.

Beyond Formalization: Rethinking the Future of Work

Foresight, 2007, Vol. 9, No. 3, pp. 20-41
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 27 Dec 2015
Colin Williams and John Round
University of Sheffield - School of Management and University of Birmingham
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informal economy, binary hierarchy, dualism, future of work, Ukraine, economic development

140.

Evaluating the Participation of the Self-Employed in Undeclared Work: Some Evidence from a 27-Nation European Survey

International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, Vol. 7, No. 3, pp. 341-356, 2011
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 14 Dec 2015
Colin Williams, Sara Nadin and Marijana Baric
University of Sheffield - School of Management, University of Liverpool and University of Buckingham - Business School
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informal economy, informal employment, self-employment, entrepreneurship, tax compliance, European Union

141.

Reconceptualising Men's and Women's Undeclared Work: Some Results from a European Union Survey

Gender, Work and Organization, Vol. 18, No. 4, 2011
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 06 Jul 2013
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
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gender, informal employment, undeclared work, shadow economy, informal economy, European Union

142.

Corruption in the Post-Soviet Workplace: The Experiences of Recent Graduates in Contemporary Ukraine

Work, Employment & Society, vol. 22, no. 1, pp.149-166, 2008
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 30 Jun 2013
John Round, Colin Williams and Peter Rodgers
University of Birmingham, University of Sheffield - School of Management and University of Sheffield
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corruption, bribery, nepotism, blat, cronyism, Ukraine, informal sector, informal economy

143.

Tackling Undeclared Work in Croatia and Four EU Candidate Countries

Colin C. Williams, Marijana Barić and Piet Renooy, Tackling Undeclared Work in Croatia and Four EU Candidate Countries, Eurofound, 2013
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 30 Jun 2013
Colin Williams, Marijana Baric, Piet Renooy and Piet Renooy
University of Sheffield - School of Management, University of Buckingham - Business School and IndependentRegioplan Policy Research
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informal sector, underground economy, undeclared work, informal economy

144.

Tackling the Propensity towards Undeclared Work: Some Policy Lessons from Croatia

South East European Journal of Economics and Business, Vol. 10, No.1, pp. 18-31, 2015
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 10 Jan 2017
Colin Williams and Josip Franic
University of Sheffield - School of Management and University of Sheffield - School of Management
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Informal Sector, Tax Morale, Institutional Theory, Tax Evasion, Croatia, South-East Europe

145.

Out of the Shadows: A Classification of Economies by the Size and Character of Their Informal Sector

Work, Employment and Society, October 2014, Vol. 28(5) 735-753
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 27 Dec 2015
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
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economic development, European Union, informal sector, shadow economy, underground economy

146.

Evaluating the Role of Blat in Finding Graduate Employment in Post-Soviet Ukraine: The 'Dark Side' of Job Recruitment?

Employee Relations, Vol. 36 No. 3, 2014, pp. 254-265
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 27 Dec 2015
Olga Onoshchenko and Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management and University of Sheffield - School of Management
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Informal economy, Business ethics, Corruption, Ukraine, Guanxi, Eastern Europe,Wasta, Blat, Job recruitment, Cronyism, Nepotism

147.

Explaining the Normality of Informal Employment in Ukraine: A Product of Exit or Exclusion?

American Journal of Economics and Sociology, Vol. 70, No. 3, pp. 729-755, 2011
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 14 Dec 2015
Colin Williams, John Round and Peter Rodgers
University of Sheffield - School of Management, University of Birmingham and University of Sheffield
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underground economy, undeclared work, shadow economy, tax compliance, Ukraine, post-socialism

148.

Re-Thinking the Future of Work: Beyond Binary Hierarchies

Futures, Vol. 40, No. 7, pp. 653-663, 2008
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 13 Dec 2015
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
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future of work, economic development, work organization, binary hierarchy.

149.

Tackling the Participation of the Unemployed in Paid Informal Work: A Critical Evaluation of the Deterrence Approach

Environment and Planning C, Vol. 19, No. 5, pp. 729-749, 2001
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 30 Jun 2013
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
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informal employment, unemployment, shadow economy, informal sector, informal economy, UK

150.

From Market Hegemony to Diverse Economies: Evaluating the Plurality of Labour Practices in Ukraine

Journal of Economy & Its Applications, Vol. 2, No. 1, pp. 66-84, 2012
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 30 Jun 2013
Peter Rodgers and Colin Williams
University of Sheffield and University of Sheffield - School of Management
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work organisation, informal economy, diverse economies, commodification, economic sociology, Ukraine

151.

Tackling Undeclared Work in Southeast Europe: Knowledge-Informed Policy Responses

GREY Policy Brief No. 4, 2017
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 29 Aug 2017
Ruslan Stefanov, Colin Williams and Peter Rodgers
University of Sheffield - School of Management, University of Sheffield - School of Management and University of Sheffield
Downloads 18 (655,223)
Citation 1

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informal economy, shadow economy, tax evasion, labor economics, informal sector

152.

Tackling Informal Employment in Developing and Transition Economies: A Critical Evaluation of the Neo-Liberal Approach

Int. J. Business and Globalisation, Vol. 14, No. 3, pp. 251-270, 2015
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 10 Jan 2017
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
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Development Economics, Economic Development, Informal Economy, Shadow Economy, Underground Sector, Emerging Economies

153.

The Undeclared Sector, Self-Employment and Public Policy

International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour & Research, 2005, Vol. 11, No. 4, pp. 244-257.
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 27 Dec 2015
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
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Citation 1

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Informal sector, entrepreneurship, household work practices, livelihoods, economic development, England

154.

Developing Voluntary Activity: Some Policy Issues Arising from the 2001 Home Office Citizenship Survey

Social Policy & Society, 2003, 2:4, 285–294
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 26 Dec 2015
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
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Informal sector, household work practices, livelihoods, economic development, England

155.

Acquiring Goods and Services in Lower Income Populations: An Evaluation of Consumer Behaviour and Preferences

International Journal of Retail and Distribution Management, 2001, Vol. 29, No. 1, pp. 16-24.
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 26 Dec 2015
Colin Williams and Jan E. Windebank
University of Sheffield - School of Management and University of Sheffield - Department of French
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England, retail sector, consumer services, second-hand, informal sector, consumer behaviour

156.

Tackling Entrepreneurship in the Informal Economy: Evaluating the Policy Options

Journal of Entrepreneurship and Public Policy, Vol. 1, No. 2, 2012, pp. 111-124.
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 21 Dec 2015
Colin Williams and Sara Nadin
University of Sheffield - School of Management and University of Liverpool
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informal sector, underground economy, enterprise culture, entrepreneurs, shadow economy, undeclared work

157.

Joining-Up the Fight Against Undeclared Work in Europe

Management Decision, Vol. 50, No. 10, 2012, pp. 1758-1771.
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 21 Dec 2015
Colin Williams and Sara Nadin
University of Sheffield - School of Management and University of Liverpool
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cross-national cooperation, public policy, undeclared work, shadow economy, informal sector, European Union

158.

An Evaluation of Financial Globalisation Under Fund-Manager Capitalism: The Case of the UK Unit Trust Industry

Area, vol. 33, no.4, pp. 360-367, 2001
Number of pages: 8 Posted: 27 Aug 2013
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
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Citation 2

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finance, fund management, globalization, mutual funds, investment trusts

159.

Rationales for Outsourcing Domestic Services to Off-the-Books Workers

Journal of Economic Studies, Vol. 36, No. 4, pp. 343-354, 2009
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 08 Jul 2013
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
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household services, consumer behaviour, informal sector, underground economy, outsourcing, informal economy, England, economics, off balance sheet finance, service industries

160.

The Hidden Enterprise Culture of Moscow: Entrepreneurship and Off-the-Books Working Practices

Journal of Developmental Entrepreneurship, Vol. 13, No. 4, pp. 445-62 (2008)
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 07 Jul 2013
Colin Williams and John Round
University of Sheffield - School of Management and University of Birmingham
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entrepreneurship, informal economy, informal entrepreneurship, Moscow, enterprise development, venture creation, Eastern Europe

161.

Beyond the Formal/Informal Economy Binary Hierarchy

International Journal of Social Economics, Vol. 34 No. 6, 2007, pp. 402-414
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 27 Dec 2015
Colin Williams, John Round and Peter Rodgers
University of Sheffield - School of Management, University of Birmingham and University of Sheffield
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informal economy, informal sector, economic development, binary hierarchy, dualism, future of work

162.

Tackling Informal Employment: A Critical Review of the UK Public Policy Approach

Social and Public Policy Review, 2007, Vol. 1, No. 2, pp. 1-22.
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 27 Dec 2015
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
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Informal sector, tax evasion, shadow economy, household work practices, livelihoods, economic development, England

163.

The Commonality of Envelope Wages in Eastern European Economies

Eastern European Economics, Vol. 47, No. 2, pp. 37-52, 2009
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 14 Dec 2015
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
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shadow economy, informal sector, undeclared work, envelope wages, tax compliance, Eastern Europe, European Union

164.

De-Linking Enterprise Culture From Capitalism and Its Public Policy Implications

Public Policy and Administration, Vol. 22, No.4, pp. 461-474, 2007
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 08 Jul 2013
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
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entrepreneurship, enterprise culture, social entrepreneurship, capitalism, public policy, third sector, UK

A Critical Evaluation of Competing Representations of the Relationship between Formal and Informal Work

Community, Work & Family, Vol. 11. No.1, pp. 105-124, 2008
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 30 Jun 2013
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
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informal sector, informal economy, binary hierarchies, dualisms

A Critical Evaluation of Competing Representations of the Relationship Between Formal and Informal Work

Community, Work & Family, Vol. 11. No.1, pp. 105-124, February 2008
Posted: 08 Jul 2013
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management

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informal economy, informal sector, dualism, binary hierarchies, binary thought, future of work

A Critical Evaluation of Competing Representations of the Relationship between Formal and Informal Work

Community, Work and Family Vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 105-124, 2008
Posted: 14 Dec 2015
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management

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informal economy, binary hierarchy, dualism, future of work

166.

Data Collection, Sharing and Analysis to Tackle Undeclared Work: A Toolkit

Number of pages: 31 Posted: 23 Jun 2021
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
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Citation 2

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informal sector, informal economy, undeclared work, West Balkans

167.

Illegitimate Economic Practices in FYR Macedonia: Findings from a Representative Survey of 2,014 Citizens

GREY Working Paper No. 10
Number of pages: 103 Posted: 11 May 2017
Slavko Bezeredi and Colin Williams
Institute of Public Finance, Zagreb and University of Sheffield - School of Management
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informal economy, shadow economy, tax evasion, informal sector, FYR Macedonia

168.

Tackling the Underground Economy in Deprived Populations: A Critical Evaluation of the Deterrence Approach

Public Administration and Management: An Interactive Journal 9 (3), 2004. pp 224-239
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 27 Dec 2015
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
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Informal sector, household work practices, livelihoods, economic development, England

169.

Beyond Proxy Indicators: From Indirect to Direct Measures of the Underground Sector in East-Central Europe

International Journal of Economic Development, Volume Six, Number 3, pp. 158-198, 2004
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 27 Dec 2015
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
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Informal sector, household work practices, livelihoods, economic development

170.

Why Do People Engage in Paid Informal Work? A Comparison of Higher- and Lower-Income Urban Neighbourhoods in Britain

Community, Work & Family, Vol. 5, No. 1, 2002
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 26 Dec 2015
Colin Williams and Jan E. Windebank
University of Sheffield - School of Management and University of Sheffield - Department of French
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Informal sector, Britain, structured interviews, exchange, mutual aid, reciprocity

171.

Illegitimate Wage Practices in Central and Eastern Europe: A Study of the Prevalence and Impacts of ‘Envelope Wages’

Debatte: Journal of Contemporary Central and Eastern Europe, Vol. 17, No. 1, pp. 65-83, 2009
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 06 Jul 2013
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
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Citation 1

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envelope wages, informal employment, informal sector, shadow economy, Eastern Europe, post socialist economies.

172.

Beyond Profit-Motivated Exchange: Some Lessons from the Study of Paid Informal Work

European Urban and Regional Studies, Vol. 8, No. 1, pp.49-61, 2001
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 06 Jul 2013
Colin Williams and Jan E. Windebank
University of Sheffield - School of Management and University of Sheffield - Department of French
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Citation 2

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informal employment, informal economy, shadow economy, undeclared work, Europe, monetary exchange, money, favors

173.

The Formalisation of Work Thesis: A Critical Evaluation

Futures, vol. 31, no. 6, pp. 547-558, 1999
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 30 Jun 2013
Colin Williams and Jan E. Windebank
University of Sheffield - School of Management and University of Sheffield - Department of French
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informal economy, informal sector, informalization, economic development

174.

Horizon Scanning: Early Warning Signals of Future Trends in Undeclared Work

European Platform Tackling Undeclared Work, Brussels, June 2020
Number of pages: 127 Posted: 04 Feb 2021
Colin Williams and Ioana Alexandra Horodnic
University of Sheffield - School of Management and Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iasi
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informal sector, informal economy, undeclared work, forecasting, horizon scanning, European Union.

175.

Explaining the Prevalence of the Informal Economy in the Baltics: An Institutional Asymmetry Perspective

European Spatial Research and Policy, Vol. 22, No. 2, pp. 127-144, 2015
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 13 Dec 2016 Last Revised: 11 Jan 2017
Colin Williams and Ioana Alexandra Horodnic
University of Sheffield - School of Management and Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iasi
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Informal Sector, Tax Morale, Social Contract, Institutional Analysis, Baltics

176.

Evaluating the Prevalence and Nature of Blat in Post-Soviet Societies: A Case Study of the Education Sector in Ukraine

International Journal of Social Economics, Vol. 41 No. 9, 2014, pp. 747-759
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 27 Dec 2015
Colin Williams and Olga Onoshchenko
University of Sheffield - School of Management and University of Sheffield - School of Management
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Education, Corruption, Ukraine, Informal economy, Crime, informal sector

177.

Re-Thinking the Nature of the Informal Economy: Some Lessons from Ukraine

International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, Volume 31.2 June 2007, 425-41
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 27 Dec 2015
Colin Williams and John Round
University of Sheffield - School of Management and University of Birmingham
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Informal sector, household work practices, livelihoods, economic development, Ukraine, post-socialist societies

178.

Evaluating the Prevalence and Nature of Self-Employment in the Informal Economy: Evidence from a 27-Nation European Survey

European Spatial Research and Policy, Vol. 19, No. 1, 2012, pp. 129-142.
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 21 Dec 2015
Colin Williams, Sara Nadin and Jan E. Windebank
University of Sheffield - School of Management, University of Liverpool and University of Sheffield - Department of French
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informal sector, underground sector, shadow economy, self-employment, tax evasion, Europe

179.

Re-Theorizing the Informal Economy in Western Nations: Some Lessons From Rural England

The Open Area Studies Journal, Vol. 3, pp. 1-11, 2010
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 14 Dec 2015
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
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Informal sector, household work practices, livelihoods, economic development, England

180.

Beyond Competing Theories of the Hidden Economy: Some Lessons from Moscow

Journal of Economic Studies, Vol. 38, No. 2, pp. 171-185, 2011
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 13 Dec 2015
Colin Williams and John Round
University of Sheffield - School of Management and University of Birmingham
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informal sector, underground economy, tax compliance, Moscow, post-socialist societies

181.

Tackling Undeclared Work in Iceland

Eurofound, Dublin, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 15 Jul 2013
Colin Williams, Marijana Baric, Piet Renooy and Piet Renooy
University of Sheffield - School of Management, University of Buckingham - Business School and IndependentRegioplan Policy Research
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informal sector, informal economy, undeclared work, informal employment, hidden economy, shadow economy, Iceland

182.

What is to Be Done about Undeclared Work? An Evaluation of the Policy Options

Policy and Politics, Vol. 34, No. 1, pp. 91 - 113 (2006)
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 07 Jul 2013
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
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undeclared work, informal economy, informal sector, shadow economy, underground economy, public policy

183.

Developing a Holistic Integrated Strategic Approach Towards Undeclared Work: A Toolkit

Regional Cooperation Council, Sarajevo, July 2020
Number of pages: 40 Posted: 04 Feb 2021
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
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Citation 4

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informal sector, informal economy, undeclared work, West Balkans

184.

Uncoupling Enterprise Culture from Capitalism: Some Lessons from Moscow

Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy, Vol. 8 No. 2, 2014, pp. 111-125.
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 27 Dec 2015
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
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Russia, Informal economy, Social entrepreneurship, Enterprise culture, Moscow, Post-socialist societies

185.

Fostering Community Self-Help in Deprived Neighbourhoods

International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy, 2004, Vol. 24, No. 6, pp. 30-43.
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 27 Dec 2015
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
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Informal sector, household work practices, livelihoods, economic development, England

186.

Opposition to Regional Shopping Centres in Great Britain: A Clash of Cultures?

Journal of Retailing and Consumer Services, Vol 2, No 4, pp. 241-249, 1995
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 26 Dec 2015
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
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retail sector, consumption, consumer behaviour

187.

Cross-National Variations in the Under-Reporting of Wages in South-East Europe: A Result of Over-Regulation or Under-Regulation?

The South East European Journal of Economics and Business, Vol. 7, 2012, No. 1, pp. 53-61.
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 21 Dec 2015
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
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undeclared work, informal economy, under-reported employment, envelope wages, tax compliance, tax evasion, South-East Europe

188.

The Pervasive Nature of Heterodox Economic Spaces at a Time of Neoliberal Crisis: Towards a 'Postneoliberal' Anarchist Future

Antipode, Vol. 44, No. 5, 2012, pp. 1625-1644.
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 21 Dec 2015
Richard White and Colin Williams
Sheffield Hallam University - Faculty of Development and Society and University of Sheffield - School of Management
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Citation 2

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anarchist geographies, heterodox economics, crisis, postneoliberalism

189.

Evaluating the Explanations for the Informal Economy in Third World Cities: Some Evidence from Koforidua in the Eastern Region of Ghana

International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, Vol. 8, No. 3, 2012, pp. 309-324.
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 21 Dec 2015
Kwame Adom and Colin Williams
University of Ghana and University of Sheffield - School of Management
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informal economy, livelihood practices, urban development, economic development, Ghana

190.

Entrepreneurship and the Off-the-Books Economy: Some Lessons from England

International Journal of Management and Enterprise Development, Vol. 7, No. 4, pp. 429-444, 2009
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 14 Dec 2015
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
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business start-ups, England, enterprise development, entrepreneurship, informal sector, shadow economy, tax compliance, underground economy

191.

The Prevalence of Envelope Wages in the Baltic Sea Region

Baltic Journal of Management , Vol. 4, No. 3, pp. 288-300, 2009
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 14 Dec 2015
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
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Pay, Pay policy, Non tax revenue, Baltic States, Poland

192.

Unshackling the Future of Work from the Ideology of Full-Employment

Foresight, Vol. 1, No. 4, pp. 309-322, 1999
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 06 Jul 2013
Colin Williams and Jan E. Windebank
University of Sheffield - School of Management and University of Sheffield - Department of French
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future of work, employment, economic development, informal economy, informal sector, informalisation, full-employment

193.

A Handbook of Preventative Approaches Towards Undeclared Work

Regional Cooperation Council, Sarajevo
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 04 Feb 2021
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
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Informal Sector, Informal Economy, Undeclared Work, West Balkans

194.

Public Policy Approaches Towards the Undeclared Economy in European Countries: A Critical Overview

European Labour Law Journal, 2014, Vol. 5, No. 2, pp. 132-155
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 27 Dec 2015
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
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European Union, informal sector, labour law, public policy, shadow economy

195.

Tackling Enterprises Operating in the Informal Sector in Developing and Transition Economies: A Critical Evaluation of the Neo-Liberal Policy Approach

Journal of Global Entrepreneurship Research, May 2014, Vol. 2, No. 9
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 27 Dec 2015
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
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informal economy, entrepreneurship, public policy, neo-liberalism, developing countries, transition economies, economic development

196.

The Heterogeneity of the Underground Economy

International Journal of Economic Development, 2004, Vol. 6, No. 2, pp. 1-22.
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 27 Dec 2015
Colin Williams and Jan E. Windebank
University of Sheffield - School of Management and University of Sheffield - Department of French
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Informal sector, household work practices, livelihoods, economic development, England

Explaining Cross-National Variations in the Prevalence of Envelope Wages: Some Lessons from a 2013 Eurobarometer Survey

Industrial Relations Journal, November 2014, Vol. 45, No. 6, pp. 524-542
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 27 Dec 2015
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
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illegal work, informal economy, envelope wages, tax evasion, European Union

Explaining Cross‐National Variations in the Prevalence of Envelope Wages: Some Lessons from a 2013 Eurobarometer Survey

Industrial Relations Journal, Vol. 45, Issue 6, pp. 524-542, 2014
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 21 Nov 2014
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
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198.

Developing Community Participation in Deprived Neighbourhoods: A Critical Evaluation of the Third Sector Approach

Space and Polity, vol.7, no.1, pp.65-73, 2003
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 27 Aug 2013
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
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community development, informal sector, community engagement, voluntary sector, third sector

199.

Reconceptualizing Women's Paid Informal Work: Some Lessons from Lower-Income Urban Neighbourhoods

Gender, Work and Organization, Vol. 10, No. 3, 2003
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 06 Jul 2013
Colin Williams and Jan E. Windebank
University of Sheffield - School of Management and University of Sheffield - Department of French
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gender, informal employment, informal economy, informal sector, undeclared work, shadow economy, underground economy, United Kingdom, gender division of labour

200.

Market Delusions: Rethinking the Trajectories of Post-Socialist Societies

Foresight, Vol. 7, No. 3, pp. 48 - 60, 2005
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 06 Jul 2013
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
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capitalism, Eastern Europe, socialist systems, informal economy, shadow economy, underground economy

201.

The Uneven Geographies of Informal Economic Activities: A Case Study of Two British Cities

Work, Employment and Society, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 231-250, 2002
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 30 Jun 2013
Colin Williams and Jan E. Windebank
University of Sheffield - School of Management and University of Sheffield - Department of French
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informal economy, informal sector, economic sociology, economic geography

202.

Paid Informal Work in Deprived Neighborhoods

Cities, Vol. 17, No. 4, pp. 285-291, 2000
Number of pages: 7 Posted: 30 Jun 2013
Colin Williams and Jan E. Windebank
University of Sheffield - School of Management and University of Sheffield - Department of French
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informal employment, informal economy, informal sector, cities, urban studies, underground economy, shadow economy

203.

Tackling Undeclared Work: Improving the Range and Effectiveness of Sanction Tools

Number of pages: 24 Posted: 05 May 2021
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
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informal sector, informal economy, undeclared work, West Balkans

204.

Evaluating the Involvement of Social Partners in Tackling Undeclared Work in the Western Balkans

Number of pages: 30 Posted: 01 Apr 2021
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
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informal sector, informal economy, undeclared work, West Balkans

205.

Explaining Cross-National Variations in the Prevalence and Character of Undeclared Employment in the European Union

European Spatial Research and Policy, 2014, Vol. 21, No.2, pp. 115-132.
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 27 Dec 2015
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
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informal sector, undeclared work, shadow economy, neo-liberalism, European Union

206.

Harnessing Enterprise and Entrepreneurship in the Underground Economy

International Journal of Economic Development, Volume Six, Number 2, 2004
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 27 Dec 2015
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
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Informal sector, household work practices, livelihoods, economic development, England

207.

Harnessing the Hidden Enterprise Culture: Supporting the Formalisation of Off-the-Books Business Start-Ups

Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, Vol. 20, No. 2, pp. 434-447, 2013
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 23 Dec 2015
Colin Williams and Sara Nadin
University of Sheffield - School of Management and University of Liverpool
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Citation 1

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informal sector, enterprise development, enterprise culture, entrepreneurs, shadow economy, undeclared work

208.

De-Linking Entrepreneurship from Profit-Motivated Capitalism: Some Lessons from an English Locality

International Journal of Social Entrepreneurship and Innovation, Vol. 2, No. 3, pp. 225-238, 2013
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 22 Dec 2015
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
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entrepreneurship, enterprise culture, social entrepreneurship, informal economy, shadow economy, underground sector, capitalism, England

209.

Beyond a ‘Varieties of Capitalism’ Approach in Central and Eastern Europe: Some Lessons from Ukraine

Employee Relations, Vol. 33, No. 4, pp. 413-427, 2011
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 14 Dec 2015
Colin Williams, Sara Nadin and Peter Rodgers
University of Sheffield - School of Management, University of Liverpool and University of Sheffield
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Varieties of capitalism, transition economies, economic development, Ukraine, Central and Eastern Europe.

210.

Repaying Favours: Unravelling the Nature of Community Exchange in an English Locality

Community Development Journal, Vol. 44, No. 4, pp. 488-499, 2008
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 14 Dec 2015
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
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reciprocity, community self-help, mutual aid, monetary exchange, community economic development, England

211.

A Borderless World of Hypermobile and Homeless Money? An Evaluation of Financial Flows in the Mutual Fund Industry

The Industrial Geographer, vol. 2, no. 2, pp.1-13 (2004)
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 27 Aug 2013
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
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212.

A Critical Evaluation of Hierarchical Representations of Community Involvement: Some Lessons from the UK

Community Development Journal, Vol. 40, No.1, pp. 30-38, 2005
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 30 Jun 2013
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
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volunteering, voluntary sector, community development, community engagement, community participation, formal volunteering

213.

Evaluating the Penetration of the Commodity Economy

Futures, Vol. 35, pp. 857-868, 2003
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 30 Jun 2013
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
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commodification, marketization, market societies, informal economy, informal sector, commodity economy, economic development

214.

Improving Social Partner Involvement in Tackling Undeclared Work: A Toolkit

Number of pages: 46 Posted: 05 May 2021
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
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informal sector, informal economy, undeclared work, West Balkans.

215.

Evaluating Cross-National Variations in Envelope Wage Payments in EastCentral Europe

Economic and Industrial Democracy: an International Journal, Vol. 36, No. 2, pp. 283-303, 2015
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 10 Jan 2017
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
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Central and Eastern Europe, Envelope Wages, Informal Economy, Informal Employment, Tax Compliance, Tax Evasion

216.

Beyond the Sweat Shop: 'Off-the-Books' Work in Contemporary England

Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, Vol. 13 No. 1, 2006, pp. 89-99
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 27 Dec 2015
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
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Informal sector, entrepreneurship, household work practices, livelihoods, economic development, England

217.

The Heterogeneity of Cash-In Handwork

International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy, 2004, Vol. 24, No. 1/2, pp. 124-140.
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 27 Dec 2015
Colin Williams and Jan E. Windebank
University of Sheffield - School of Management and University of Sheffield - Department of French
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Informal sector, household work practices, livelihoods, economic development, England

218.

Community Capacity Building: Critical Evaluation of the Third Sector Approach

Review of Policy Research, Volume 21, Number 5 (2004), pp. 729-739
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 26 Dec 2015
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
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Informal sector, household work practices, livelihoods, economic development, England

219.

Why Do People Use Alternative Retail Channels? Some Case-Study Evidence from Two English Cities

Urban Studies, Vol. 39, No. 10, 2002
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 26 Dec 2015
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
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Informal sector, household work practices, livelihoods, economic development, England

220.

Evaluating the Formalization of Work Thesis: Evidence from France

SAIS Review, 2001, Vol. XXI, No.1, pp. 117-122.
Number of pages: 6 Posted: 26 Dec 2015
Colin Williams and Jan E. Windebank
University of Sheffield - School of Management and University of Sheffield - Department of French
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Informal sector, household work practices, livelihoods, economic development, England

221.

Self-Help and Mutual Aid in Deprived Urban Neighbourhoods: Some Lessons from Southampton

Urban Studies, Vol. 37, No. 1, 2000
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 26 Dec 2015
Colin Williams and Jan E. Windebank
University of Sheffield - School of Management and University of Sheffield - Department of French
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Informal sector, household work practices, livelihoods, economic development, England

222.

Does Work Pay? Spatial Variations in the Benefits of Employment and Coping Abilities of the Unemployed

Geoforum, Vol. 32, No. 2, pp.199-214, 2001
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 06 Jul 2013
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
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informal economy, economic geography, uneven development, informal sector, livelihoods, spatial inequalities

223.

Holistic Approach to Tackling Undeclared Work and Developing National Strategies

European Platform Tackling Undeclared Work, Brussels, September 2020
Number of pages: 40 Posted: 04 Feb 2021
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
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undeclared work, informal economy, informal sector, public policy, labour economics, economic sociology, European Union.

224.

Beyond the Market: Representing Work in Advanced Economies

International Journal of Social Economics, 2006, Vol. 33, No. 4, pp. 284-297.
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 27 Dec 2015
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
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informal economy, binary hierarchy, dualism, future of work

225.

The Market Illusion: Re-reading Work in Advanced Economies

International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy, 2005, Vol. 25, No. 10/11, pp. 106-118.
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 27 Dec 2015
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
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informal economy, binary hierarchy, dualism, future of work

226.

Paid Informal Work in Deprived Urban Neighborhoods: Exploitative Employment or Cooperative Self-Help?

Growth and Change, 2001, Vol. 32, No. 4, pp. 562-571.
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 26 Dec 2015
Colin Williams and Jan E. Windebank
University of Sheffield - School of Management and University of Sheffield - Department of French
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Informal sector, household work practices, livelihoods, economic development, England

227.

Evaluating the Extent and Nature of the Informalization of Employment Relations in South-East Europe

European Journal of Industrial Relations Vol. 19, No. 2, pp. 91–107, 2013
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 23 Dec 2015
Colin Williams, Abbi Kedir, Sara Nadin and Tim Vorley
University of Sheffield - School of Management, University of Leicester - Department of Economics, University of Liverpool and University of Sheffield - School of Management
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Bulgaria, Cyprus, dual economies, employment relations, Greece, informal economy, Romania, Slovenia, South-East Europe

228.

Geographical Variations in the Nature of Undeclared Work

Geografiska Annaler B, Vol. 86, No.3, pp. 187-200, 2004
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 06 Jul 2013
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
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informal sector, informal economy, undeclared work, informal employment, England, livelihoods, monetary exchange

229.

Participation in Alternative Retail Channels: A Choice or Necessity?

International Journal of Retail and Distribution Management, 2003, Vol. 31, No. 5, pp. 235-243.
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 26 Dec 2015
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
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Informal sector, household work practices, livelihoods, economic development, England

230.

Helping People to Help Themselves: Policy Lessons from a Study of Deprived Urban Neighbourhoods in Southampton

Journal of Social Policy, 2000, 29, 3, 355–373.
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 26 Dec 2015
Colin Williams and Jan E. Windebank
University of Sheffield - School of Management and University of Sheffield - Department of French
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Informal sector, household work practices, livelihoods, economic development, England

231.

Evaluating Cross-National Variations in Under-Declared Wages in the European Union: An Exploratory Study

The Open Area Studies Journal, Vol. 5, pp. 12-21 (2013)
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 22 Dec 2015
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
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Informal employment, undeclared work, envelope wages, tax compliance, tax evasion, European Union

232.

Rethinking the Nature of Community Economies: Some Lessons from Post-Soviet Ukraine

Community Development Journal, Vol. 47, No. 2, 2011, pp. 216-231.
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 21 Dec 2015
Colin Williams, Sara Nadin, Peter Rodgers and John Round
University of Sheffield - School of Management, University of Liverpool, University of Sheffield and University of Birmingham
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informal sector, underground economy, economic development, Ukraine, post-socialist societies

233.

Rethinking the Future Objectives, Roles and Competencies of Inspectorates and Inspectors

Number of pages: 17 Posted: 25 Feb 2021
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
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informal economy, public economics, public policy, labour law, public sector management, labour inspection, tax evasion

234.

Tackling Envelope Wages in the Student Population (Măsuri De Reducere a “Plății în Plic” în Rândul Studenților)

UNDER.GO Policy Brief 2020
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 08 Feb 2021
Ioana Alexandra Horodnic and Colin Williams
Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iasi and University of Sheffield - School of Management
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envelope wage, under-reported employment, under-reported employment, students, Romania

235.

Social Exclusion in a Consumer Society: A Study of Five Rural Communities

Social Policy & Society, 2002, 1:3, 203-211
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 26 Dec 2015
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
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Informal sector, household work practices, livelihoods, economic development, England

236.

Evaluating the Role of the Social Economy in Tackling Rural Transport Problems: Some Case Study Evidence from Rural England

Planning Practice & Research, Vol. 16, Nos 3/4, pp. 337–348, 2001
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 26 Dec 2015
Colin Williams and Richard White
University of Sheffield - School of Management and Sheffield Hallam University - Faculty of Development and Society
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Informal sector, household work practices, livelihoods, economic development, England

237.

Reconceptualising Paid Informal Work and its Implications for Policy: Some Lessons from a Case Study of Southampton

Policy Studies, 1999, Vol. 20, No. 4, pp. 221-233.
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 26 Dec 2015
Colin Williams and Jan E. Windebank
University of Sheffield - School of Management and University of Sheffield - Department of French
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Informal sector, household work practices, livelihoods, economic development, England

238.

Promoting Sustainable Environmental Practices Amongst Automobile Consumers: An Evaluation of the Impacts of Pursuing Innovations in Tax Regulations

International Journal of Innovation and Regional Development, Vol. 4, No. 5, 2012, pp. 349-364
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 21 Dec 2015
University of Sheffield - School of Management, University of ValenciaD. of Applied Economics. University of Valencia, University of Liverpool and University of Valencia
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automobile industry, public policy, taxation, sustainable development, innovation, Spain

239.

Measures To Tackle the Key Drivers of Wage Underreporting in Latvia

Number of pages: 80 Posted: 14 Jul 2021
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
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informal economy, public economics, public policy, labour law, public sector management, labour inspection, tax evasion

240.

Improving the Involvement of Social Partners in Tackling Undeclared Work: A Learning Resource

Number of pages: 7 Posted: 05 May 2021
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
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informal economy, public economics, public policy, labour law, public sector management, labour inspection, tax evasion

241.

Preventative Approaches Towards Undeclared Work: A Learning Resource

Regional Cooperation Council, Sarajevo
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 04 Feb 2021
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
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Informal Sector, Informal Economy, Undeclared Work, West Balkans

242.

Developing a Holistic Integrated Strategic Approach Towards Undeclared Work: A Learning Resource

Regional Cooperation Council, Sarajevo, October 2020
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 04 Feb 2021
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
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informal sector, informal economy, undeclared work, West Balkans

243.

Harnessing the Hidden Enterprise Culture of Advanced Economies

International Journal of Manpower, 2006, Vol. 27, No. 6, pp. 535-551
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 27 Dec 2015
Colin Williams and Jan E. Windebank
University of Sheffield - School of Management and University of Sheffield - Department of French
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informal sector, underground economy, entrepreneurship, economic development, enterprise development

244.

Paid Informal Work: A Barrier to Social Inclusion?

Transfer: Journal of the European Trade Union Institute, 2001, Vol. 7, No. 1, pp. 25-40.
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 26 Dec 2015
Colin Williams and Jan E. Windebank
University of Sheffield - School of Management and University of Sheffield - Department of French
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Informal sector, household work practices, livelihoods, economic development, England

245.

Evaluating the Persistence of Subsistence Work in Contemporary Economies: Some Lessons from Moscow

International Journal of Social Economics, Vol. 39 Iss: 9, 2012, pp. 721-737
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 21 Dec 2015
Colin Williams and Peter Rodgers
University of Sheffield - School of Management and University of Sheffield
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subsistence economy, self-service economy, domestic work, housework, livelihoods, Moscow, Russia

246.

Beyond Market-Orientated Readings of Paid Informal Work: Some Lessons from Rural England

The American Journal of Economics and Sociology Vol. 65, No.2, pp. 383-406
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 28 Jun 2013
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
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informal economy, informal employment, undeclared work, informal sector, hidden eocnomy, shadow economy

247.

Developing An Awareness Raising Campaign on Undeclared Work in the Western Balkans

Number of pages: 24 Posted: 16 Oct 2021
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
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undeclared work, informal economy, informal sector, public policy, labour economics, economic sociology, European Union

248.

Evaluating the Prevalence and Distribution of Dependent Self‐Employment: Some Lessons from the European Working Conditions Survey

Industrial Relations Journal, Vol. 49, Issue 2, pp. 109-127, 2018
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 10 May 2018
Colin Williams and Ioana Alexandra Horodnic
University of Sheffield - School of Management and Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iasi
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249.

Tackling the Undeclared Economy in the European Union: An Evaluation of the Tax Morale Approach

Industrial Relations Journal, Vol. 47, Issue 4, pp. 322-340, 2016
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 19 Aug 2016
Colin Williams and Ioana Alexandra Horodnic
University of Sheffield - School of Management and Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iasi
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250.

Evaluating Cross‐National Variations in the Extent and Nature of Informal Employment in the European Union

Industrial Relations Journal, Vol. 44, Issue 5-6, pp. 479-494, 2013
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 21 Nov 2013
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
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251.

Explaining Employers' Illicit Envelope Wage Payments in the EU‐27: A Product of Over‐Regulation or Under‐Regulation?

Business Ethics: A European Review, Vol. 22, Issue 3, pp. 325-340, 2013
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 04 Jun 2013
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
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252.

Elements of a Preventative Approach Towards Undeclared Work: An Evaluation of Service Vouchers and Awareness Raising Campaigns

European Commission, Brussels (2018)
Posted: 15 Aug 2018
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management

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informal sector, informal economy, tax evasion

253.

Preventivne Mjere Politika Za Rješavanje Problema Neprijavljenog Rada U Hrvatskojenter (Policy Measures to Prevent the Informal Economy in Croatia)

Posted: 01 Sep 2017
University of Sheffield - School of Management, Central Customs Authority of Germany, Independent, Federal Customs Authority of Germany, Independent, Slovak Academy of Sciences - Institute of Economic Research and Independent

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informal economy, shadow economy, tax evasion, labor economics, informal sector, Croatia

254.

Tackling Undeclared Work in the Construction Industry: A Learning Resource

A Learning Resource from the Construction Seminar of the European Platform Undeclared Work, European Commission, Brussels, 3rd May 2017
Posted: 09 Aug 2017
Tilburg Law School, University of Sheffield - School of Management, Independent and ICF International

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Informal Economy, Shadow Economy, Tax Evasion, Labor Economics, Informal Sector, Construction, European Union

255.

Work Organization in Post-Socialist Societies

Futures, 2005, Vol. 37, No. 10, pp. 1145-1157.
Posted: 27 Dec 2015
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management

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informal economy, binary hierarchy, dualism, future of work

256.

Harnessing Community Self-Help: Some Lessons from Rural England

Local Economy, 2002, Vol. 17, No. 2, pp. 136-146.
Posted: 26 Dec 2015
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management

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Informal sector, household work practices, livelihoods, economic development, England

257.

Entrepreneurs Operating in the Informal Economy: Necessity or Opportunity Driven?

Journal of Small Business and Entrepreneurship, 2007, Vol. 20, No. 3, pp. 309-320
Posted: 24 Dec 2015
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management

Abstract:

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entrepreneurship, enterprise culture, social entrepreneurship, informal economy, shadow economy, underground sector, capitalism, England

258.

Consumers’ Motives for Buying Goods and Services on an Off-the-Books Basis

International Review of Retail, Distribution and Consumer Research, Vol. 18, No. 3, pp. 311-323, 2008
Posted: 14 Dec 2015
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management

Abstract:

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undeclared work, informal economy, consumer behaviour, consumer motives, Europe, behavioural economics

259.

Undeclared Work in the European Construction Industry: Evidence from a 2007 Eurobarometer Survey

Construction Management and Economics, Vol. 29, No. 8, pp. 853-867, 2011
Posted: 14 Dec 2015
Colin Williams, Sara Nadin and Jan E. Windebank
University of Sheffield - School of Management, University of Liverpool and University of Sheffield - Department of French

Abstract:

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Informal employment, shadow economy, tax compliance, construction sector, European Union

260.

Out of the Shadows: Explaining the Undeclared Economy in Baltic Countries

Journal of Baltic Stduies, Vol. 41, No. 1, pp. 3-22, 2010
Posted: 14 Dec 2015
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management

Abstract:

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informal employment, undeclared labor, shadow economy, tax compliance, European Union

261.

Tackling Undeclared Work in Southeast Europe: Lessons from a 2007 Eurobarometer Survey

Southeast European and Black Sea Studies, Vol. 10, No. 2, pp. 123-145, 2010
Posted: 14 Dec 2015
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management

Abstract:

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informal economy, undeclared work, underground sector, envelope wages, tax non-compliance, Balkans, southeast Europe, European Union

262.

Explaining Participation in Undeclared Work: A Result of Exit or Exclusion?

European Societies, Vol. 12, No. 3, pp, 391-418, 2010
Posted: 14 Dec 2015
Colin Williams and John Round
University of Sheffield - School of Management and University of Birmingham

Abstract:

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informal economy, decent work, structure/agency, Moscow, Russia, post-socialism

263.

Re-Thinking Monetary Exchange: Some Lessons from England

Review of Social Economy, Vol. 68, No. 3, pp. 317-338, 2010
Posted: 14 Dec 2015
Richard White and Colin Williams
Sheffield Hallam University and University of Sheffield - School of Management

Abstract:

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informal economy, community self-help, mutual aid, gift-giving, Leicester

264.

Beyond the Formal/Informal Jobs Divide: Evaluating the Prevalence of Hybrid ‘Under-Declared’ Employment in South-Eastern Europe

International Journal of Human Resource Management, Vol. 21, N. 14, pp. 2529-2546, 2010
Posted: 14 Dec 2015
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management

Abstract:

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informal economy, undeclared work, underground sector, dual economy, envelope wages, tax non-compliance, South-Eastern Europe, European Union

265.

The Role of Domestic Food Production in Everyday Life in Post-Soviet Ukraine

Annals of the Association of American Geographers, Vol. 100, No. 5, pp. 1197-1211, 2010
Posted: 14 Dec 2015
John Round, Colin Williams and Peter Rodgers
University of Birmingham, University of Sheffield - School of Management and University of Sheffield

Abstract:

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coping tactics, domestic food production, economic marginalization, informal economies, Ukraine

266.

Beyond Hierarchical Representations of the Formal/Informal Employment Dualism: Some Lessons from Ukraine

European Societies, Vol. 11, No.1, pp. 77-101, 2009
Posted: 14 Dec 2015
Colin Williams and John Round
University of Sheffield - School of Management and University of Birmingham

Abstract:

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informal economy, economic development, active citizenship, social cohesion, Ukraine

267.

Tackling Undeclared Work in Europe: Lessons from a 27-Nation Survey

Policy Studies, Vol. 30, No. 2, pp. 143-162, 2009
Posted: 14 Dec 2015
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management

Abstract:

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undeclared work, informal economy, tax compliance, public policy, European Union

268.

Beyond Legitimate Entrepreneurship: The Prevalence of Off-the-Books Entrepreneurs in Ukraine

Journal of Small Business and Entrepreneurship, Vol. 22, No.1, pp. 55-68, 2009
Posted: 14 Dec 2015
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management

Abstract:

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informal economy, entrepreneurship, shadow economy, underground economy, shadow economy, Ukraine

269.

Everyday Tactics and Spaces of Power: The Role of Informal Economies in Post-Soviet Ukraine

Social and Cultural Geography, Vol. 9, No. 2, pp. 171-185.
Posted: 14 Dec 2015
John Round, Colin Williams and Peter Rodgers
University of Birmingham, University of Sheffield - School of Management and University of Sheffield

Abstract:

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economic marginalisation, coping tactics, everyday life, informal economies, Ukraine, power

270.

A Critical Evaluation of Public Policy Towards Undeclared Work in the European Union

Journal of European Integration Vol 30, No. 2, pp. 273-290, 2008
Posted: 14 Dec 2015
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management

Abstract:

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active citizenship, enterprise culture, European Union, informal sector, public policy, tax compliance

271.

A Critical Evaluation of Competing Conceptualizations of Informal Employment: Some Lessons from England

Review of Social Economy, Vol. 69, No. 2, pp. 211-237, 2010
Posted: 13 Dec 2015
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management

Abstract:

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shadow sector, cash-in-hand work, monetary exchange, underground economy, England

272.

Evaluating the Extent and Nature of ‘Envelope Wages’ in 27 European Countries

Post-Communist Economies, Vol. 20, No. 3, 2008
Posted: 13 Dec 2015
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management

Abstract:

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undeclared work, informal economy, post-socialist societies, European Union, public policy

273.

A Critical Evaluation of Romantic Depictions of the Informal Economy

Review of Social Economy Vol. 66, No. 3, pp. 297-323, 2008
Posted: 13 Dec 2015
Colin Williams and John Round
University of Sheffield - School of Management and University of Birmingham

Abstract:

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informal sector, underground economy, economic development, Ukraine, post-socialist societies

274.

Explaining and Tackling the Shadow Economy in Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania: A Tax Morale Approach

Baltic Journal of Economics, Vol. 15, No. 2, 2015
Posted: 13 Dec 2015
Colin Williams and Ioana Alexandra Horodnic
University of Sheffield - School of Management and Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iasi

Abstract:

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informal economy, undeclared work, tax morale, social contract, institutional analysis, Baltics

275.

Spatial Variations in the Nature of Undeclared Work and its Public Policy Implications

Williams, C.C. (2005) "Spatial variations in the nature of undeclared work and its public policy implications", Space and Polity, vol. 9, no. 2, pp.135-147.
Posted: 27 Aug 2013
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management

Abstract:

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informal sector

276.

Re-Reading Undeclared Work: A Gendered Analysis

Community, Work and Family, Vol. 9, No.2, pp.181-96, May 2006
Posted: 08 Jul 2013
Colin Williams and Jan E. Windebank
University of Sheffield - School of Management and University of Sheffield - Department of French

Abstract:

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gender division of labour, informal economy, informal employment, informal sector, underground sector, gender, social capital, England

277.

Evaluating the Prevalence and Distribution of Quasi-Formal Employment in Europe

Relations Industrielles/Industrial Relations, Vol. 68, No. 1, 2013
Posted: 28 Mar 2013
Colin Williams and Jo Padmore
University of Sheffield - School of Management and University of Sheffield

Abstract:

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illegitimate work, informal sector, shadow economy, undeclared work

Other Papers (8)

Total Downloads: 17
1.

'Check the Receipt' initiative, Slovenia

Number of pages: 3 Posted: 07 Apr 2021
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
Downloads 3

Abstract:

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informal sector, informal economy, undeclared work, West Balkans

2.

'Just Tourism' Social Labelling Initiative, Croatia and Slovenia

Number of pages: 3 Posted: 07 Apr 2021
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
Downloads 2

Abstract:

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informal sector, informal economy, undeclared work, West Balkans

3.

Action Plan for the Suppression of the Grey Economy, Montenegro

Number of pages: 4 Posted: 07 Apr 2021
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
Downloads 2

Abstract:

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informal sector, informal economy, undeclared work, West Balkans.

4.

Commission for the Suppression of the Grey Economy, Montenegro

Number of pages: 3 Posted: 07 Apr 2021
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
Downloads 2

Abstract:

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informal sector, informal economy, undeclared work, West Balkans

5.

Central Coordination Body Responsible for Directing Activities for Reducing the Undeclared Economy, Serbia

Number of pages: 3 Posted: 07 Apr 2021
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
Downloads 2

Abstract:

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informal sector, informal economy, undeclared work, West Balkans

6.

Coordination Body for Inspection Supervision, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Number of pages: 2 Posted: 07 Apr 2021
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
Downloads 2

Abstract:

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informal sector, informal economy, undeclared work, West Balkans

7.

Holiday Voucher Scheme, Romania

Number of pages: 3 Posted: 07 Apr 2021
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
Downloads 2

Abstract:

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informal sector, informal economy, undeclared work, West Balkans

8.

Regularisation Initiative, Kosovo

Number of pages: 3 Posted: 22 Mar 2021
Colin Williams
University of Sheffield - School of Management
Downloads 2

Abstract:

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informal sector, informal economy, undeclared work, West Balkans