Joshua S. Gans

University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management

Skoll Chair in Innovation and Entrepreneurship

Canada

http://www.joshuagans.com

NBER

Research Associate

1050 Massachusetts Avenue

Cambridge, MA 02138

United States

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

139

DOWNLOADS
Rank 126

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 126

in Total Papers Downloads

103,770

SSRN CITATIONS
Rank 554

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 554

in Total Papers Citations

915

CROSSREF CITATIONS

868

Scholarly Papers (139)

1.
Downloads 41,613 ( 51)
Citation 28

Some Simple Economics of the Blockchain

Rotman School of Management Working Paper No. 2874598, MIT Sloan Research Paper No. 5191-16
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 27 Nov 2016 Last Revised: 11 Jun 2019
Christian Catalini and Joshua S. Gans
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management and University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 41,077 (56)
Citation 50

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blockchain, digital platforms, advertising, early adopters, market design, tokens, initial coin offerings, smart contracts, distributed ledgers

Some Simple Economics of the Blockchain

NBER Working Paper No. w22952
Number of pages: 40 Posted: 19 Dec 2016 Last Revised: 20 Mar 2022
Christian Catalini and Joshua S. Gans
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management and University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 536 (72,767)
Citation 7

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2.
Downloads 16,581 ( 288)
Citation 18

Initial Coin Offerings and the Value of Crypto Tokens

MIT Sloan Research Paper No. 5347-18, Rotman School of Management Working Paper No. 3137213
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 13 Mar 2018 Last Revised: 07 Mar 2019
Christian Catalini and Joshua S. Gans
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management and University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 16,337 (293)
Citation 22

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crypto tokens, blockchain, cryptocurrency, initial coin offering, entrepreneurial finance, crowdfunding, equity financing, monetary policy, network effects.

Initial Coin Offerings and the Value of Crypto Tokens

NBER Working Paper No. w24418
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 20 Mar 2018 Last Revised: 21 Mar 2022
Christian Catalini and Joshua S. Gans
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management and University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 244 (174,792)
Citation 1

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3.

Foundations of Entrepreneurial Strategy

Number of pages: 26 Posted: 29 Sep 2016 Last Revised: 30 Jan 2019
Joshua S. Gans, Scott Stern and Jane Wu
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 9,239 (859)
Citation 33

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entrepreneurship, commercialization, intellectual property, uncertainty, strategy

4.
Downloads 25 ( 9,518)
Citation 7

The Microeconomics of Cryptocurrencies

NBER Working Paper No. w27477
Number of pages: 67 Posted: 07 Jul 2020 Last Revised: 31 Jul 2022
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, CUNY Baruch College, University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and Berglas School of Economics, Tel Aviv University
Downloads 24 (690,843)

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The Microeconomics of Cryptocurrencies

CEPR Discussion Paper No. DP14972
Number of pages: 69 Posted: 27 Jul 2020 Last Revised: 16 Aug 2020
New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business, City University of New York, Baruch College - Zicklin School of Business - Department of Economics and Finance, University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and Berglas School of Economics, Tel Aviv University
Downloads 1 (930,046)
Citation 2
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Cryptocurrencies Bitcoin Blockchain

5.

The Product Market and the Market for 'Ideas': Commercialization Strategies for Technology Entrepreneurs

Number of pages: 36 Posted: 20 Jul 2002
Joshua S. Gans and Scott Stern
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 1,416 (19,301)
Citation 125

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commercialization, start-up, entrepreneurs, innovation strategy, ideas market

6.
Downloads 1,210 ( 24,455)
Citation 8

Is There a Market for Ideas?

Number of pages: 35 Posted: 29 Jan 2009 Last Revised: 07 Dec 2009
Joshua S. Gans and Scott Stern
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 1,210 (24,061)
Citation 8

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ideas market, intellectual property, market design, repugnance, appropriation

Is There a Market for Ideas?

Industrial and Corporate Change, Vol. 19, Issue 3, pp. 805-837, 2010
Posted: 04 Jun 2010
Joshua S. Gans and Scott Stern
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management

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7.

The Impact of Consumer Multi-Homing on Advertising Markets and Media Competition

Rotman School of Management Working Paper No. 2180851
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 27 Nov 2012 Last Revised: 15 Oct 2016
Susan Athey, Emilio Calvano and Joshua S. Gans
Stanford Graduate School of Business, University of Bologna - Department of Economics and University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 1,172 (25,595)
Citation 43

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advertising, media, newspapers, matching, tracking, two-sided markets, platforms

8.

Value Capture Theory: A Strategic Management Review

Rotman School of Management Working Paper No. 2549003
Number of pages: 49 Posted: 14 Jan 2015 Last Revised: 24 Feb 2016
Joshua S. Gans and Michael D. Ryall
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 1,037 (30,528)
Citation 13

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value capture, cooperative game theory, competition

9.

A Theoretical Analysis of Credit Card Regulation

Melbourne Business School Working Paper No. 2002-11
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 16 Jan 2003
Joshua S. Gans and Stephen P. King
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and Monash University - Department of Economics
Downloads 910 (36,745)
Citation 7

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Credit card associations, payment systems, interchange fee, price discrimination, no surcharge rule

Contracting Over the Disclosure of Scientific Knowledge: Intellectual Property and Academic Publication

Number of pages: 41 Posted: 27 Feb 2010 Last Revised: 29 Oct 2014
Joshua S. Gans, Fiona Murray and Scott Stern
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Entrepreneurship Center and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 785 (44,306)
Citation 11

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disclosure, science, academic freedom, publication, secrecy, cumulative knowledge, intellectual property protection

Contracting Over the Disclosure of Scientific Knowledge: Intellectual Property and Academic Publication

NBER Working Paper No. w19560
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 25 Oct 2013 Last Revised: 13 Jun 2021
Joshua S. Gans, Fiona Murray and Scott Stern
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Entrepreneurship Center and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 24 (690,843)
Citation 6

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11.

The Impact of Targeting Technology on Advertising Markets and Media Competition

Number of pages: 13 Posted: 13 Jan 2010
Susan Athey and Joshua S. Gans
Stanford Graduate School of Business and University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 797 (44,048)
Citation 23

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advertising, targeting, media, competition

12.

Some Economics of Private Digital Currency

"Economic Analysis of the Digital Economy," A. Goldfarb, S. Greenstein and C. Tucker (eds), The University of Chicago Press, 2015, Rotman School of Management Working Paper No. 2297296
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 24 Jul 2013 Last Revised: 04 Jul 2019
Joshua S. Gans and Hanna Halaburda
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and New York University (NYU) - Leonard N. Stern School of Business
Downloads 695 (52,866)
Citation 24

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currency, digitization, platforms, monetary economics

13.

Mobile Application Pricing

Number of pages: 24 Posted: 24 May 2011 Last Revised: 10 Sep 2014
Joshua S. Gans
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 687 (53,688)
Citation 4

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platform, two-sided markets, complements, most favoured customer clause

14.
Downloads 660 ( 56,496)
Citation 7

Market Structure in Bitcoin Mining

Rotman School of Management Working Paper No. 3103104
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 23 Jan 2018 Last Revised: 28 Jun 2019
June Ma, Joshua S. Gans and Rabee Tourky
Australian National University (ANU), University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and University of Queensland - School of Economics
Downloads 606 (62,261)
Citation 4

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bitcoin, blockchain, racing, mining, competition, free entry

Market Structure in Bitcoin Mining

NBER Working Paper No. w24242
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 29 Jan 2018 Last Revised: 28 Mar 2022
June Ma, Joshua S. Gans and Rabee Tourky
Australian National University (ANU), University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and Australian National University (ANU) - Research School of Economics
Downloads 54 (515,307)
Citation 4

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Test Sensitivity for Infection versus Infectiousness of SARS-CoV-2

Number of pages: 19 Posted: 31 Aug 2020 Last Revised: 27 Nov 2020
Joshua S. Gans
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 620 (60,465)

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COVID-19, testing, information value, infectiousness

Test Sensitivity for Infection Versus Infectiousness of Sars-Cov-2

NBER Working Paper No. w27780
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 14 Sep 2020 Last Revised: 29 May 2022
Joshua S. Gans
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 26 (675,142)

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16.

Extending Market Power Through Vertical Integration

Melbourne Business School Working Paper 9902
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 01 Mar 1999
Catherine de Fontenay and Joshua S. Gans
University of Melbourne - Melbourne Business School and University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 629 (60,081)
Citation 6

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17.
Downloads 603 ( 63,390)
Citation 2

Human Judgment and AI Pricing

Rotman School of Management Working Paper No. 3111819
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 06 Feb 2018
Ajay K. Agrawal, Joshua S. Gans and Avi Goldfarb
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management, University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 586 (64,974)
Citation 1

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Prediction, Judgment, Pricing, Subscription, Artificial Intelligence

Human Judgment and Ai Pricing

NBER Working Paper No. w24284
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 05 Feb 2018 Last Revised: 09 May 2022
Ajay K. Agrawal, Joshua S. Gans and Avi Goldfarb
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management, University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 17 (750,591)
Citation 1

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Artificial Intelligence: The Ambiguous Labor Market Impact of Automating Prediction

Number of pages: 26 Posted: 16 Mar 2019
Ajay K. Agrawal, Joshua S. Gans and Avi Goldfarb
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management, University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 555 (69,593)
Citation 1

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Artificial Intelligence, Automation, Machine Learning, Biased Technical Change, Prediction

Artificial Intelligence: The Ambiguous Labor Market Impact of Automating Prediction

NBER Working Paper No. w25619
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 04 Mar 2019 Last Revised: 03 Jul 2022
Ajay K. Agrawal, Joshua S. Gans and Avi Goldfarb
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management, University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 36 (607,543)
Citation 13

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19.

Vertical Integration in the Presence of Upstream Competition

Melbourne Business School Working Paper No. 2002-12
Number of pages: 53 Posted: 20 Dec 2002 Last Revised: 18 Nov 2012
Catherine de Fontenay and Joshua S. Gans
University of Melbourne - Melbourne Business School and University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 586 (65,732)
Citation 37

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vertical integration, foreclosure, monopolization, bargaining, competition

20.
Downloads 576 ( 67,193)
Citation 38

Paying for Loyalty: Product Bundling in Oligopoly

Melbourne Business School Working Paper No. 2004-06
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 19 Feb 2004
Joshua S. Gans and Stephen P. King
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and Monash University - Department of Economics
Downloads 549 (70,575)
Citation 2

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Bundling, discounts, integration, imperfect competition

Paying for Loyalty: Product Bundling in Oligopoly

Journal of Industrial Economics, Vol. 54, No. 1, pp. 43-62, March 2006
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 08 May 2006
Joshua S. Gans and Stephen P. King
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and Monash University - Department of Economics
Downloads 27 (667,499)
Citation 16

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21.

Innovation and Climate Change Policy

Number of pages: 26 Posted: 27 Apr 2009 Last Revised: 29 Jul 2014
Joshua S. Gans
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 571 (67,975)
Citation 13

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innovation, technological change, emission caps, carbon tax, Porter hypothesis

22.

The Neutrality of Interchange Fees in Payment Systems

Melbourne Business School Working Paper No. 2001-03
Number of pages: 47 Posted: 30 Jul 2001
Joshua S. Gans and Stephen P. King
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and Monash University - Department of Economics
Downloads 559 (69,745)
Citation 34

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Credit card associations, payment systems, interchange fee, neutrality, no surcharge rule

Incumbency and R&D Incentives: Licensing the Gale of Creative Destruction

University of Melbourne Working Paper No. 17
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 18 Feb 1998 Last Revised: 01 Mar 2015
Joshua S. Gans and Scott Stern
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 549 (70,575)
Citation 45

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Incumbency and R&D Incentives: Licensing the Gale of Creative Destruction

Journal of Economics & Management Strategy, Vol. 9, Issue 4, pp. 485-511, 2000
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 26 Sep 2012
Joshua S. Gans and Scott Stern
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 0

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Exploring the Impact of Artificial Intelligence: Prediction Versus Judgment

Rotman School of Management Working Paper No. 3177467
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 24 May 2018
Ajay K. Agrawal, Joshua S. Gans and Avi Goldfarb
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management, University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 496 (80,174)
Citation 2

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artificial intelligence, prediction, judgment, authority, delegation, bounded rationality

Exploring the Impact of Artificial Intelligence: Prediction Versus Judgment

NBER Working Paper No. w24626
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 25 May 2018 Last Revised: 16 Apr 2022
Ajay K. Agrawal, Joshua S. Gans and Avi Goldfarb
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management, University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 40 (584,652)
Citation 3

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25.
Downloads 513 ( 77,638)
Citation 5

Weak versus Strong Net Neutrality

Rotman School of Management Working Paper No. 2439360
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 21 May 2014 Last Revised: 19 Nov 2014
Joshua S. Gans
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 501 (79,152)
Citation 1

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regulation, net neutrality, internet service providers, content providers, infrastructure investment

Weak Versus Strong Net Neutrality

NBER Working Paper No. w20160
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 26 May 2014 Last Revised: 03 Aug 2022
Joshua S. Gans
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 12 (798,774)
Citation 1

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Dynamic Commercialization Strategies for Disruptive Technologies: Evidence from the Speech Recognition Industry

Rotman School of Management Working Paper No. 2367836
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 15 Dec 2013 Last Revised: 28 May 2014
Matt Marx, Joshua S. Gans and David H. Hsu
Boston University - Questrom School of Business, University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and University of Pennsylvania - Management Department
Downloads 486 (82,126)

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Technology commercialization strategy; disruptive innovation

Dynamic Commercialization Strategies for Disruptive Technologies: Evidence from the Speech Recognition Industry

NBER Working Paper No. w19764
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 20 Dec 2013 Last Revised: 02 Jan 2022
Matt Marx, Joshua S. Gans and David H. Hsu
Boston University - Questrom School of Business, University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and University of Pennsylvania - Management Department
Downloads 25 (682,882)
Citation 3

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27.
Downloads 510 ( 78,198)
Citation 3

The Fine Print in Smart Contracts

Number of pages: 24 Posted: 13 Jan 2019
Joshua S. Gans
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 478 (83,797)
Citation 3

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blockchain, smart contracts, contractual incompleteness, subgame perfect implementation, hold-up

The Fine Print in Smart Contracts

NBER Working Paper No. w25443
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 15 Jan 2019 Last Revised: 10 Jul 2022
Joshua S. Gans
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 32 (632,478)

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28.

Regulating Private Infrastructure Investment: Optimal Pricing for Access to Essential Facilities

Number of pages: 26 Posted: 29 Aug 1998
Joshua S. Gans
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 506 (78,941)
Citation 22

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29.

Mobile Network Competition, Customer Ignorance and Fixed-to-Mobile Call Prices

Number of pages: 32 Posted: 03 Mar 2000
Joshua S. Gans and Stephen P. King
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and Monash University - Department of Economics
Downloads 478 (84,569)
Citation 4

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30.

Regulating Interchange Fees in Payment Systems

Melbourne Business School Working Paper No. 2001-17
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 10 Oct 2001
Joshua S. Gans and Stephen P. King
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and Monash University - Department of Economics
Downloads 467 (86,984)
Citation 9

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Credit card associations, payment systems, interchange fee, price discrimination, no surcharge rule

31.

Operationalizing Value-Based Business Strategy

Melbourne Business School Working Paper No. 2005-04
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 30 Apr 2005
Joshua S. Gans, Glenn MacDonald and Michael D. Ryall
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management, Washington University in St. Louis - John M. Olin Business School and University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 452 (90,354)
Citation 1

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Core, strategy, added value, commercialization

The Impact of Uncertain Intellectual Property Rights on the Market for Ideas: Evidence from Patent Grant Delays

Number of pages: 37 Posted: 17 Apr 2006 Last Revised: 02 May 2013
Joshua S. Gans, David H. Hsu and Scott Stern
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management, University of Pennsylvania - Management Department and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 377 (110,548)
Citation 5

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patents, intellectual property, licensing, commercialization, market for ideas, innovation, entrepreneurship

The Impact of Uncertain Intellectual Property Rights on the Market for Ideas: Evidence from Patent Grant Delays

NBER Working Paper No. w13234
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 09 Jul 2007 Last Revised: 28 Feb 2022
Joshua S. Gans, David H. Hsu and Scott Stern
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management, University of Pennsylvania - Management Department and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 72 (445,597)
Citation 44

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Downloads 446 ( 91,810)
Citation 32

Bilateral Bargaining with Externalities

Melbourne Business School Discussion Paper No. 2004-32
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 17 Sep 2004 Last Revised: 25 Mar 2013
Catherine de Fontenay and Joshua S. Gans
University of Melbourne - Melbourne Business School and University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 444 (91,504)
Citation 22

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bargaining, Shapley value, Myerson value, networks, games in partition function form

Bilateral Bargaining with Externalities

The Journal of Industrial Economics, Vol. 62, Issue 4, pp. 756-788, 2014
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 24 Dec 2014
Catherine de Fontenay and Joshua S. Gans
University of Melbourne - Melbourne Business School and University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 2 (913,434)
Citation 6

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34.

Carbon Offset Provision with Guilt-Ridden Consumers

Number of pages: 36 Posted: 13 Mar 2007 Last Revised: 26 May 2014
Joshua S. Gans and Vivienne Groves
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and Stanford Graduate School of Business
Downloads 418 (98,917)
Citation 1

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carbon offsets, greenhouse gases, electricity markets, strategic behaviour

35.
Downloads 414 (100,038)
Citation 24

Platform Siphoning: Ad-Avoidance and Media Content

Number of pages: 44 Posted: 02 Jul 2009 Last Revised: 17 Mar 2011
Simon P. Anderson and Joshua S. Gans
University of Virginia - Department of Economics and University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 405 (101,726)
Citation 3

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Two-sided markets, advertising-finance, media economics, siphoning, bypass, death spiral

Platform Siphoning: Ad-Avoidance and Media Content

CEPR Discussion Paper No. DP7729
Number of pages: 50 Posted: 17 Mar 2010
Simon P. Anderson and Joshua S. Gans
University of Virginia - Department of Economics and University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 9 (829,546)
Citation 5
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ad-avoidance, advertising, bypass, death spiral, media economics, siphoning, Two-sided markets

How Partisan is the Press? Multiple Measures of Media Slant

Number of pages: 32 Posted: 14 Dec 2009 Last Revised: 24 Jan 2012
Joshua S. Gans and Andrew Leigh
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and Australian House of Representatives Parliament House
Downloads 248 (172,040)

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media slant, media bias, competition, economics of elections

How Partisan is the Press? Multiple Measures of Media Slant

IZA Discussion Paper No. 6156
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 04 Dec 2011
Joshua S. Gans and Andrew Leigh
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and Australian House of Representatives Parliament House
Downloads 154 (264,903)
Citation 2

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media slant, media bias, competition, economics of elections

Prediction, Judgment and Complexity: A Theory of Decision Making and Artificial Intelligence

Rotman School of Management Working Paper No. 3103156
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 24 Jan 2018 Last Revised: 14 Apr 2018
Ajay K. Agrawal, Joshua S. Gans and Avi Goldfarb
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management, University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 331 (127,863)

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artificial intelligence, prediction, judgment, complexity, bounded rationality

Prediction, Judgment and Complexity: A Theory of Decision Making and Artificial Intelligence

NBER Working Paper No. w24243
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 29 Jan 2018 Last Revised: 27 Jun 2022
Ajay K. Agrawal, Joshua S. Gans and Avi Goldfarb
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management, University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 59 (494,287)

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38.
Downloads 388 (107,818)
Citation 7

Exit, Tweets, and Loyalty

Rotman School of Management Working Paper No. 2889388
Number of pages: 82 Posted: 24 Dec 2016 Last Revised: 25 Feb 2020
Joshua S. Gans, Avi Goldfarb and Mara Lederman
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management, University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 365 (114,656)
Citation 4

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exit voice and loyalty, complaints, airlines, Twitter, social media

Exit, Tweets and Loyalty

NBER Working Paper No. w23046
Number of pages: 75 Posted: 17 Jan 2017 Last Revised: 22 Dec 2021
Joshua S. Gans, Avi Goldfarb and Mara Lederman
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management, University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 23 (698,891)

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39.

Using 'Bill and Keep' Interconnect Arrangements to Soften Network Competition

Melbourne Business School Working Paper No. 99-12
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 02 Dec 1999
Joshua S. Gans and Stephen P. King
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and Monash University - Department of Economics
Downloads 377 (111,385)
Citation 9

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Downloads 369 (114,124)
Citation 3

Enabling Entrepreneurial Choice

Number of pages: 31 Posted: 02 Jun 2020 Last Revised: 20 Nov 2020
Joshua S. Gans, Scott Stern and Ajay K. Agrawal
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management and University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 361 (116,116)
Citation 1

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startups, entrepreneurial strategy, experimentation, uncertainty, accelerators, judgment.

Enabling Entrepreneurial Choice

NBER Working Paper No. w27379
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 22 Jun 2020 Last Revised: 24 Apr 2022
Ajay K. Agrawal, Joshua S. Gans and Scott Stern
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management, University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 8 (840,400)
Citation 1

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41.

Concentration-Based Merger Tests and Vertical Market Structure

Number of pages: 27 Posted: 16 Aug 2005
Joshua S. Gans
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 354 (119,525)

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vertical contracting, mergers, concentration, Hirschman-Herfindahl index

42.

Regulating Termination Charges for Telecommunications Networks

Melbourne Business School Working Paper No.2000-13
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 22 Oct 2000
Joshua S. Gans and Stephen P. King
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and Monash University - Department of Economics
Downloads 343 (123,699)
Citation 2

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Downloads 340 (124,979)
Citation 6

First Author Conditions

Number of pages: 22 Posted: 28 Jun 1998
University of Virginia - Department of Economics, University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management, Rice University - Department of Economics and Monash University - Department of Economics
Downloads 340 (124,231)
Citation 6

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First-Author Conditions

Posted: 16 Aug 1999
University of Virginia - Department of Economics, University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management, Rice University - Department of Economics and Monash University - Department of Economics

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The Allocation of Decision Authority to Human and Artificial Intelligence

Stanford University Graduate School of Business Research Paper No. 3517287
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 03 Feb 2020
Susan Athey, Kevin Bryan and Joshua S. Gans
Stanford Graduate School of Business, University of Toronto - Strategic Management and University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 321 (132,004)

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artificial intelligence, decision authority, motivation, real authority, machine learning, bias

The Allocation of Decision Authority to Human and Artificial Intelligence

NBER Working Paper No. w26673
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 22 Jan 2020 Last Revised: 20 May 2022
Susan Athey, Kevin Bryan and Joshua S. Gans
Stanford Graduate School of Business, University of Toronto - Strategic Management and University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 13 (788,753)
Citation 1

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45.

Regulating Endogenous Customer Switching Costs

Melbourne Business School Working Paper No.2000-12
Number of pages: 40 Posted: 10 Oct 2000
Joshua S. Gans and Stephen P. King
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and Monash University - Department of Economics
Downloads 333 (127,759)
Citation 2

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Control versus Execution: Endogenous Appropriability and Entrepreneurial Strategy

Number of pages: 40 Posted: 04 Apr 2017 Last Revised: 16 May 2018
Kenny Ching, Kenny Ching, Joshua S. Gans and Scott Stern
affiliation not provided to SSRNUniversity College London - Department of Management Science and Innovation, University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 329 (128,688)

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control, execution, uncertainty, appropriability, intellectual property protection, commercialization

Control Versus Execution: Endogenous Appropriability and Entrepreneurial Strategy

NBER Working Paper No. w24448
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 02 Apr 2018 Last Revised: 21 Apr 2022
Kenny Ching, Kenny Ching, Joshua S. Gans and Scott Stern
affiliation not provided to SSRNUniversity College London - Department of Management Science and Innovation, University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 2 (913,434)
Citation 1

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47.

A Comparison of Ex Ante versus Ex Post Vertical Market Power: Evidence from the Electricity Supply Industry

Number of pages: 48 Posted: 24 Oct 2008 Last Revised: 30 Mar 2013
Joshua S. Gans and Frank Wolak
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)
Downloads 304 (140,591)
Citation 13

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vertical integration, electricity markets, contracts, market power

48.

Did the Death of Australian Inheritance Taxes Affect Deaths?

Number of pages: 9 Posted: 08 Jun 2006 Last Revised: 10 Oct 2012
Joshua S. Gans and Andrew Leigh
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and Australian House of Representatives Parliament House
Downloads 304 (140,591)
Citation 2

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Behavioral responses to taxation, timing of deaths, estate tax

49.
Downloads 303 (141,050)
Citation 8

Negotiating for the Market

Number of pages: 37 Posted: 20 May 2009 Last Revised: 03 Apr 2017
Joshua S. Gans
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 292 (145,808)
Citation 1

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innovation, incumbency, dynamic capabilities, licensing, mergers, commercialization

Negotiating for the Market

NBER Working Paper No. w20559
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 06 Oct 2014 Last Revised: 06 Mar 2022
Joshua S. Gans
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 11 (808,875)
Citation 1

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50.
Downloads 302 (141,533)
Citation 2

More (or Less) Economic Limits of the Blockchain

Number of pages: 15 Posted: 19 Dec 2019
Joshua S. Gans and Neil Gandal
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and Berglas School of Economics, Tel Aviv University
Downloads 285 (149,560)
Citation 2

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blockchain, proof of work, proof of stake, permissionless, bitcoin

More (or Less) Economic Limits of the Blockchain

NBER Working Paper No. w26534
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 09 Dec 2019 Last Revised: 03 Jul 2022
Joshua S. Gans and Neil Gandal
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and Berglas School of Economics, Tel Aviv University
Downloads 16 (759,677)
Citation 1

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More (or Less) Economic Limits of the Blockchain

CEPR Discussion Paper No. DP14154
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 04 Dec 2019
Neil Gandal and Joshua S. Gans
Berglas School of Economics, Tel Aviv University and University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 1 (930,046)
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blockchain, proof-of-stake, Proof-of-Work

A Theory of Multihoming in Rideshare Competition

Number of pages: 14 Posted: 26 Jul 2018 Last Revised: 03 Aug 2018
Kevin Bryan and Joshua S. Gans
University of Toronto - Strategic Management and University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 245 (174,121)

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platform, ridesharing, idleness

A Theory of Multihoming in Rideshare Competition

NBER Working Paper No. w24806
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 16 Jul 2018 Last Revised: 13 Apr 2022
Kevin Bryan and Joshua S. Gans
University of Toronto - Strategic Management and University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 30 (646,011)

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52.

Numbers to the People: Regulation, Ownership and Local Number Portability

Number of pages: 21 Posted: 07 Jun 2000
Joshua S. Gans, Stephen P. King and Graeme Woodbridge
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management, Monash University - Department of Economics and Frontier Economics, Inc.
Downloads 273 (156,956)
Citation 2

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53.

A Bargaining Perspective on Strategic Outsourcing and Supply Competition

Strategic Management Journal, Forthcoming, Melbourne Business School Working Paper No. 2004-25
Number of pages: 50 Posted: 30 Jul 2004 Last Revised: 18 Nov 2012
Catherine de Fontenay and Joshua S. Gans
University of Melbourne - Melbourne Business School and University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 254 (168,694)
Citation 2

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Outsourcing, vertical integration, double marginalization, bargaining, competition

54.
Downloads 253 (169,356)
Citation 2

The Specialness of Zero

Number of pages: 29 Posted: 26 Nov 2019 Last Revised: 08 Oct 2020
Joshua S. Gans
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 240 (177,707)
Citation 2

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zero price, non-negative price constraint, competition, monopoly, platforms, adverse selection, advantageous selection

The Specialness of Zero

NBER Working Paper No. w26485
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 27 Nov 2019 Last Revised: 15 May 2022
Joshua S. Gans
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 13 (788,753)

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Weak versus Strong Net Neutrality: Correction and Extensions

Rotman School of Management Working Paper No. 2733826
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 19 Feb 2016 Last Revised: 01 Aug 2016
Joshua S. Gans and Michael L. Katz
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and University of California, Berkeley - Department of Economics
Downloads 236 (180,601)
Citation 8

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regulation, net neutrality, internet service providers, content providers, infrastructure investment

Net Neutrality, Pricing Instruments and Incentives

NBER Working Paper No. w22040
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 01 Mar 2016 Last Revised: 23 Mar 2022
Joshua S. Gans and Michael L. Katz
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and University of California, Berkeley - Department of Economics
Downloads 17 (750,591)
Citation 1

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56.

TiVoed: The Effects of Ad-Avoidance Technologies on Broadcaster Behaviour

Number of pages: 39 Posted: 05 Nov 2008
Simon P. Anderson and Joshua S. Gans
University of Virginia - Department of Economics and University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 251 (170,667)
Citation 5

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tivo, ad avoidance, two sided markets, broadcasting

57.

Incentive Contracts, Optimal Penalties and Enforcement

Number of pages: 17 Posted: 04 Jul 2000
Joshua S. Gans
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 250 (171,303)
Citation 2

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58.

When is Static Analysis a Sufficient Proxy for Dynamic Considerations? Reconsidering Antitrust and Innovation

Number of pages: 33 Posted: 14 May 2010
Joshua S. Gans
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 244 (175,344)
Citation 3

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innovation, antitrust, exclusion, tying, licensing

59.
Downloads 242 (176,697)
Citation 2

Patent Length and the Timing of Innovative Activity

Melbourne Business School Working Paper No. 2004-19
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 01 Jul 2004
Joshua S. Gans and Stephen P. King
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and Monash University - Department of Economics
Downloads 216 (196,671)
Citation 2

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Invention, patent length, patent breadth, timing, R&D expenditures

Patent Length and the Timing of Innovative Activity

The Journal of Industrial Economics, Vol. 55, Issue 4, pp. 772-772, December 2007
Number of pages: 1 Posted: 12 Dec 2007
Joshua S. Gans and Stephen P. King
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and Monash University - Department of Economics
Downloads 26 (675,142)

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Access Holidays and the Timing of Infrastructure Investment

Melbourne Business School Working Paper No.2002-14
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 28 Jan 2003
Joshua S. Gans and Stephen P. King
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and Monash University - Department of Economics
Downloads 209 (202,811)
Citation 3

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access pricing, essential facilities, infrastructure investment, access holidays, regulatory commitment

Access Holidays and the Timing of Infrastructure Investment

Economic Record, Vol. 80, pp. 89-100, March 2004
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 17 Mar 2004
Joshua S. Gans and Stephen P. King
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and Monash University - Department of Economics
Downloads 31 (639,178)

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61.

Patent Renewal Fees and Self-Funding Patent Offices

Number of pages: 20 Posted: 08 Mar 2004
Joshua S. Gans, Stephen P. King and Ryan Lampe
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management, Monash University - Department of Economics and California State University, East Bay - Department of Economics
Downloads 233 (183,224)
Citation 9

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Patents, renewal fees, incentives, self-funding

62.

Markets for Ownership

Melbourne Business School Working Paper No. 2000-15
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 19 Dec 2000
Joshua S. Gans
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 225 (189,341)
Citation 9

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ownership, property rights, outside parties, firm boundaries, Coase, incomplete contracts, equilibrium, resale

63.

Why Referees Don't Get Paid (Enough)

Number of pages: 18 Posted: 11 Dec 1996
Joshua S. Gans and Maxim Engers
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and University of Virginia - Department of Economics
Downloads 224 (190,189)
Citation 1

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64.

Getting Pricing Right on Digital Music Copyright

Review of Economic Research on Copyright Issues, 2019, 15(2), 1-22
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 06 Jan 2019
Joshua S. Gans
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 221 (192,741)
Citation 1

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65.

Access Regulation and the Timing of Infrastructure Investment

Number of pages: 26 Posted: 22 Apr 1998
Joshua S. Gans and Philip Laurence Williams
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and University of Melbourne - Melbourne Business School
Downloads 221 (192,741)
Citation 3

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66.

Anti-Insurance: Analysing the Health Insurance System in Australia

Melbourne Business School Discussion Paper No. 2003-09
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 13 May 2003
Joshua S. Gans and Stephen P. King
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and Monash University - Department of Economics
Downloads 217 (196,110)
Citation 1

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health insurance, mixed system, rebate, anti-insurance

67.

Born on the First of July: An (Un)Natural Experiment in Birth Timing

Number of pages: 22 Posted: 20 Jun 2006
Joshua S. Gans and Andrew Leigh
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and Australian House of Representatives Parliament House
Downloads 204 (208,574)
Citation 27

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introduction effect, timing of births, policy distortion

Exploring Tradeoffs in the Organization of Scientific Work: Collaboration and Scientific Reward

Number of pages: 44 Posted: 06 Apr 2013 Last Revised: 09 Apr 2014
Michaël Bikard, Fiona Murray and Joshua S. Gans
INSEAD, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Entrepreneurship Center and University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 183 (228,639)
Citation 5

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Knowledge Work, Collaboration, Academic Science, Productivity, Scientific Credit

Exploring Tradeoffs in the Organization of Scientific Work: Collaboration and Scientific Reward

NBER Working Paper No. w18958
Number of pages: 40 Posted: 13 Apr 2013 Last Revised: 21 Apr 2022
Michaël Bikard, Fiona Murray and Joshua S. Gans
INSEAD, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Entrepreneurship Center and University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 14 (778,836)
Citation 1

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Funding Scientific Knowledge: Selection, Disclosure and the Public-Private Portfolio

Number of pages: 70 Posted: 07 Jan 2011
Joshua S. Gans and Fiona Murray
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Entrepreneurship Center
Downloads 176 (236,543)
Citation 3

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research, scientists, funding, commercialization, intellectual property, disclosure

Funding Scientific Knowledge: Selection, Disclosure and the Public-Private Portfolio

NBER Working Paper No. w16980
Number of pages: 71 Posted: 02 May 2011 Last Revised: 26 May 2022
Joshua S. Gans and Fiona Murray
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Entrepreneurship Center
Downloads 21 (715,694)

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70.

Start-Up Commercialisation Strategy and Innovative Dynamics

Number of pages: 32 Posted: 23 Jan 2006
Joshua S. Gans
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 194 (217,320)
Citation 7

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innovation, incumbency, dynamic capabilities, licensing, commercialisation

71.

Fixed Cost Assumptions in Industrialisation Theories

Number of pages: 12 Posted: 27 Apr 1997
Joshua S. Gans
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 190 (221,277)
Citation 1

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72.
Downloads 187 (224,343)
Citation 2

Collusion at the Extensive Margin

Number of pages: 31 Posted: 28 Sep 2010 Last Revised: 24 Apr 2014
Martin C. Byford and Joshua S. Gans
RMIT University - School of Economics, Finance and Marketing and University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 160 (256,697)

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Collusion, Credible Threats, Proportional Response, Segmented Markets, Multi-Market Contact, Predatory Entry

Collusion at the Extensive Margin

NBER Working Paper No. w20163
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 26 May 2014 Last Revised: 06 Aug 2022
Martin C. Byford and Joshua S. Gans
RMIT University - School of Economics, Finance and Marketing and University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 27 (667,499)
Citation 1

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73.
Downloads 186 (226,424)
Citation 1

Bargaining Over Labor: Do Patients Have Any Power?

Number of pages: 29 Posted: 13 Jun 2006 Last Revised: 24 Jun 2011
Joshua S. Gans and Andrew Leigh
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and Australian House of Representatives Parliament House
Downloads 164 (252,606)
Citation 1

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timing of births, weekend effect, inauspicious days, bargaining power

Bargaining Over Labor: Do Patients Have Any Power?

IZA Discussion Paper No. 6165
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 11 Dec 2011
Joshua S. Gans and Andrew Leigh
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and Australian House of Representatives Parliament House
Downloads 22 (707,360)

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timing of births, weekend effect, bargaining power

74.

Can Vertical Integration by a Monopsonist Harm Consumer Welfare?

Melbourne Business School Working Paper No. 2003-03
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 25 Apr 2003
Catherine de Fontenay and Joshua S. Gans
University of Melbourne - Melbourne Business School and University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 181 (230,800)
Citation 4

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Choosing Technology: An Entrepreneurial Strategy Approach

Rotman School of Management Working Paper No. 3637465
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 21 Jul 2020
Joshua S. Gans, Michael Kearney, Erin Scott and Scott Stern
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management, MIT Sloan School of Management and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 173 (240,078)

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S-curve, entrepreneurial strategy, exploitation, exploration

Choosing Technology: An Entrepreneurial Strategy Approach

NBER Working Paper No. w27489
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 13 Aug 2020 Last Revised: 10 Feb 2022
Joshua S. Gans, Michael Kearney, Erin Scott and Scott Stern
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management, MIT Sloan School of Management and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 5 (873,645)
Citation 1

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76.

Economic Issues Associated with Access to Electronic Payments Systems

Australian Business Law Review, 1999
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 04 Mar 2008
Joshua S. Gans and Richard Scheelings
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and Victorian Bar
Downloads 177 (235,214)

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77.
Downloads 174 (238,678)

Procrastination in Teams

Rotman School of Management Working Paper No. 2713817
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 11 Jan 2016 Last Revised: 02 Sep 2016
Joshua S. Gans and Peter Landry
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 160 (256,697)

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hyperbolic discounting, present bias, teams, motivation, procrastination, higher-order beliefs, non-Bayesian updating, null events

Procrastination in Teams

NBER Working Paper No. w21891
Number of pages: 40 Posted: 20 Jan 2016 Last Revised: 25 Apr 2022
Joshua S. Gans and Peter Landry
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 14 (778,836)

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78.

Perfect Price Discrimination with Costless Arbitrage

Melbourne Business School Working Paper No. 2005-15
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 20 Jun 2005
Joshua S. Gans and Stephen P. King
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and Monash University - Department of Economics
Downloads 170 (243,418)

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price discrimination, arbitrage, personalised pricing, group pricing

79.

Industrialization with a Menu of Technologies: Appropriate Technologies and the "Big Push"

Number of pages: 20 Posted: 27 Apr 1997
Joshua S. Gans
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 164 (250,798)
Citation 4

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When Does Start-Up Innovation Spur the Gale of Creative Destruction?

NBER Working Paper No. w7851
Number of pages: 60 Posted: 28 Aug 2000 Last Revised: 16 Jun 2022
Joshua S. Gans, David H. Hsu and Scott Stern
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management, University of Pennsylvania - Management Department and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 162 (253,964)
Citation 27

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When Does Start-Up Innovation Spur the Gale of Creative Destruction?

RAND Journal of Economics, Vol. 33, No. 4, Winter 2002
Posted: 28 Oct 2002
Joshua S. Gans, David H. Hsu and Scott Stern
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management, University of Pennsylvania - Management Department and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management

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When Does Start-Up Innovation Spur the Gale of Creative Destruction?

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaigns Academy for Entrepreneurial Leadership Historical Research Reference in Entrepreneurship
Posted: 24 Nov 2009
Scott Stern, Joshua S. Gans and David H. Hsu
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management, University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and University of Pennsylvania - Management Department

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Startups, Intellectual property, Venture capital, Commercialization, Market strategies, Cooperation, Market competition

81.

A Technological and Organisation Explanation for the Size Distribution of Firms

Number of pages: 30 Posted: 04 Oct 2000
Joshua S. Gans and John Quiggin
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and University of Queensland - Business School
Downloads 160 (256,180)
Citation 1

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firm size, entrepreneur, M-Form, increasing returns, bimodal distribution

Innovation Incentives Under Transferable Fast-Track Regulatory Review

Rotman School of Management Working Paper No. 2171392
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 06 Nov 2012 Last Revised: 13 Jun 2013
Joshua S. Gans and David B. Ridley
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and Duke University - Fuqua School of Business
Downloads 155 (263,544)

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innovation, priority review vouchers, resale, regulation, patents

Innovation Incentives Under Transferable Fast‐Track Regulatory Review

The Journal of Industrial Economics, Vol. 61, Issue 3, pp. 789-816, 2013
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 23 Oct 2013
Joshua S. Gans and David B. Ridley
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and Duke University - Fuqua School of Business
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83.

Experimental Choice and Disruptive Technologies

Rotman School of Management Working Paper No. 3890924
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 17 Aug 2021 Last Revised: 03 Jan 2022
Joshua S. Gans
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 151 (268,463)

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disruption, innovation, bias, experiments, competition

84.

When Will Efficient Ownership Arise? Trading Over Property Rights

Melbourne Business School Working Paper No. 2004-12
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 04 May 2004
Joshua S. Gans
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 149 (271,358)
Citation 2

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Ownership, outside parties, firm boundaries, incomplete contracts, re-sale

85.

How Does the Republic of Science Shape the Patent System? Broadening the Institutional Analysis of Policy Levers for Innovation and Knowledge Disclosure

Number of pages: 44 Posted: 18 Jan 2011
Fiona Murray, Joshua S. Gans and Mackey L. Craven
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Entrepreneurship Center, University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)
Downloads 148 (272,861)
Citation 2

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disclosure, science, publication, intellectual property protection, patents, stem cells, HIV

86.
Downloads 144 (278,850)

Markets for Scientific Attribution

Rotman School of Management Working Paper No. 2519603
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 07 Nov 2014 Last Revised: 16 May 2022
Joshua S. Gans and Fiona Murray
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Entrepreneurship Center
Downloads 135 (294,326)

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scientific rewards, equity, incentives, co-authoring, citation patterns

Markets for Scientific Attribution

NBER Working Paper No. w20677
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 17 Nov 2014 Last Revised: 03 Jul 2022
Joshua S. Gans and Fiona Murray
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Entrepreneurship Center
Downloads 9 (829,546)

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87.

A Solomonic Solution to Ownership Disputes: An Application to Blockchain Front-Running

Rotman School of Management Working Paper No. 4034666
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 19 Feb 2022 Last Revised: 02 May 2022
Joshua S. Gans and Richard Holden
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and University of New South Wales (UNSW)
Downloads 143 (280,361)

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subgame perfect implementation, blockchain, front-running, mechanism design, ownership

88.

Contracts and Competition with Large Buyers

Number of pages: 29 Posted: 10 Aug 2000
Joshua S. Gans and Stephen P. King
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and Monash University - Department of Economics
Downloads 138 (288,241)
Citation 4

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89.

'Selling Out' and the Impact of Music Piracy on Artist Entry

Rotman School of Management Working Paper No. 2439358
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 21 May 2014 Last Revised: 06 Jul 2015
Joshua S. Gans
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 137 (289,884)

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copyright, piracy, music, digitisation, hyperbolic discounting, time inconsistency

Contestability, Complementary Inputs and Contracting: The Case of Harbour Towage

Melbourne Business School Working Paper No. 2003-10
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 26 Apr 2003
Joshua S. Gans and Stephen P. King
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and Monash University - Department of Economics
Downloads 117 (327,379)

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Contestability, Complementary Inputs and Contracting: The Case of Harbour Towage

Number of pages: 13 Posted: 15 Dec 2003
Joshua S. Gans and Stephen P. King
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and Monash University - Department of Economics
Downloads 20 (724,142)

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91.

Exclusivity, Competition and the Irrelevance of Internal Investment

Number of pages: 15 Posted: 04 Oct 2009 Last Revised: 09 Oct 2009
University of Melbourne - Melbourne Business School, Stanford Graduate School of Business and University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 136 (291,548)
Citation 3

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exclusive contracts, irrelevance result, Shapley value, upstream competition, bargaining

92.

Are We Too Negative on Negative Fees for Payment Cardholders?

Rotman School of Management Working Paper No. 3162627
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 08 May 2018
Joshua S. Gans
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 134 (294,820)
Citation 4

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credit cards, two-sided markets, pricing, interchange fee

Does Organizational Form Drive Competition? Evidence from Coffee Retailing

Rotman School of Management Working Paper No. 2823543
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 17 Aug 2016 Last Revised: 28 Jan 2017
Brian Adams, Joshua S. Gans, Richard Hayes and Ryan Lampe
Bureau of Labor Statistics, University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management, Melbourne Business School - University of Melbourne and California State University, East Bay - Department of Economics
Downloads 121 (319,644)

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entry, exit, product differentiation, chains, reputation, retailing

Does Organizational Form Drive Competition? Evidence from Coffee Retailing

NBER Working Paper No. w22548
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 22 Aug 2016 Last Revised: 10 Feb 2022
Brian Adams, Joshua S. Gans, Richard Hayes and Ryan Lampe
Bureau of Labor Statistics, University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management, Government of New South Wales - Department of Primary Industries and California State University, East Bay - Department of Economics
Downloads 11 (808,875)

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94.

Economic Policy for Artificial Intelligence

NBER Working Paper No. w24690
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 13 Jun 2018 Last Revised: 29 Jun 2022
Ajay K. Agrawal, Joshua S. Gans and Avi Goldfarb
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management, University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 129 (303,452)
Citation 3

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95.

Entrepreneurial Commercialization Choices and the Interaction between IPR and Competition Policy

IFN Working Paper No. 895
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 30 Apr 2012
Lars Persson and Joshua S. Gans
Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN) and University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 125 (310,590)
Citation 5

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entrepreneurs, innovation, commercialization, intellectual property law, competition law

96.
Downloads 113 (314,348)

AI Adoption and System-Wide Change

Number of pages: 19 Posted: 12 May 2021
Ajay K. Agrawal, Joshua S. Gans and Avi Goldfarb
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management, University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 113 (335,573)

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artificial intelligence, machine learning, prediction, modularity, systems

97.
Downloads 123 (314,348)
Citation 4

Endogenous Appropriability

Rotman School of Management Working Paper No. 2898472
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 14 Jan 2017
Joshua S. Gans and Scott Stern
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 110 (342,104)
Citation 1

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Control, Execution, Appropriability, Intellectual Property, Entrepreneurial Strategy, Minimum Viable Product

Endogenous Appropriability

NBER Working Paper No. w23138
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 13 Feb 2017 Last Revised: 23 Mar 2022
Joshua S. Gans and Scott Stern
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 13 (788,753)
Citation 1

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98.

Remedies for Tying in Computer Applications

Number of pages: 26 Posted: 20 Nov 2010
Joshua S. Gans
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 121 (318,107)
Citation 1

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Microsoft, tying, software, remedies

99.
Downloads 107 (346,396)
Citation 2

Exit Deterrence

Number of pages: 29 Posted: 01 Dec 2008 Last Revised: 19 Sep 2012
Martin C. Byford and Joshua S. Gans
RMIT University - School of Economics, Finance and Marketing and University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 107 (348,694)

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Entry, Access Rights, Dynamic Oligopoly, Relational Contracts, Unilateral Conduct

Exit Deterrence

Journal of Economics & Management Strategy, Vol. 23, Issue 3, pp. 650-668, 2014
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 26 Jul 2014
Martin C. Byford and Joshua S. Gans
RMIT University - School of Economics, Finance and Marketing and University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
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Credit History: The Changing Nature of Scientific Credit

Rotman School of Management Working Paper No. 2338038
Number of pages: 40 Posted: 09 Oct 2013
Joshua S. Gans and Fiona Murray
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Entrepreneurship Center
Downloads 91 (387,835)
Citation 3

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collaboration, publication, scientific credit, Matthew Effect, salami slicing

Credit History: The Changing Nature of Scientific Credit

NBER Working Paper No. w19538
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 18 Oct 2013 Last Revised: 22 May 2022
Joshua S. Gans and Fiona Murray
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Entrepreneurship Center
Downloads 15 (769,168)

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Vertical Contracting When Competition for Orders Precedes Procurement

Melbourne Business School Working Paper No. 2003-22
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 15 Oct 2003
Joshua S. Gans
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 91 (387,835)
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vertical contracting, vertical integration, monopolisation, bargaining, competition

Vertical Contracting when Competition for Orders Precedes Procurement

Journal of Industrial Economics, Vol. 55, No. 2, pp. 325-346, June 2007
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 26 Jul 2007
Joshua S. Gans
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 13 (788,753)

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102.

Structural and Behavioural Market Power Under the Trade Practices Act: An Application to Predatory Pricing

Australian Business Law Review (April 2004), Vol. 32, p. 83
Number of pages: 52 Posted: 17 Nov 2012
Anthony Niblett, Joshua S. Gans and Stephen P. King
University of Toronto - Faculty of Law, University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and Monash University - Department of Economics
Downloads 96 (371,790)

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Competition Law, Antitrust, Predatory Pricing, Market Power, Australia

103.

Involuntary Unemployment and Intrafirm Bargaining with Replacement Workers

Melbourne Business School Working Paper No. 2000-07
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 09 May 2000
Catherine de Fontenay and Joshua S. Gans
University of Melbourne - Melbourne Business School and University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 95 (374,191)

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Storm Crowds: Evidence from Zooniverse on Crowd Contribution Design

Rotman School of Management Working Paper No. 3039037
Number of pages: 56 Posted: 20 Sep 2017 Last Revised: 30 Nov 2019
Sandra Barbosu and Joshua S. Gans
Rotman School of Management, University of Toronto and University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 89 (393,234)

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crowdsourcing, contribution design, contribution divisibility, zooniverse

Storm Crowds: Evidence from Zooniverse on Crowd Contribution Design

NBER Working Paper No. w23955
Number of pages: 55 Posted: 23 Oct 2017 Last Revised: 16 Jun 2022
Sandra Barbosu and Joshua S. Gans
Rotman School of Management, University of Toronto and University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 3 (898,760)

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Remix Rights and Negotiations Over the Use of Copy-Protected Works

Rotman School of Management Working Paper No. 2474256
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 31 Jul 2014 Last Revised: 23 Jun 2015
Joshua S. Gans
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 84 (407,540)
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copyright, incentives, remixing, compensation

Remix Rights and Negotiations Over the Use of Copy-Protected Works

NBER Working Paper No. w20364
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 11 Aug 2014 Last Revised: 21 Feb 2022
Joshua S. Gans
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 4 (885,825)
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106.
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Strengthening a Weak Rival for a Fight

Rotman School of Management Working Paper No. 2495431
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 14 Sep 2014 Last Revised: 15 Oct 2018
Martin C. Byford and Joshua S. Gans
RMIT University - School of Economics, Finance and Marketing and University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 68 (459,659)

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persistent performance differences, potential entry, war of attrition, spatial competition

Permission to Exist

NBER Working Paper No. w20512
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 22 Sep 2014 Last Revised: 20 Jul 2022
Martin C. Byford and Joshua S. Gans
RMIT University - School of Economics, Finance and Marketing and University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 7 (851,305)

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107.

Why Tie a Product Consumers Do Not Use?

NBER Working Paper No. w13339
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 24 Aug 2007 Last Revised: 13 Jun 2022
Dennis W. Carlton, Joshua S. Gans and Michael Waldman
University of Chicago - Booth School of Business, University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and Cornell University - Samuel Curtis Johnson Graduate School of Management
Downloads 73 (436,969)
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108.

When Does Funding Research by Smaller Firms Bear Fruit?: Evidence from the Sbir Program

NBER Working Paper No. w7877
Number of pages: 63 Posted: 01 Sep 2000 Last Revised: 11 Jul 2022
Joshua S. Gans and Scott Stern
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 73 (436,969)
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Self-Regulating Artificial General Intelligence

Rotman School of Management Working Paper No. 3124512
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 23 Feb 2018
Joshua S. Gans
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 51 (528,999)

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artificial intelligence, paperclips, control problem, superintelligence

Self-Regulating Artificial General Intelligence

NBER Working Paper No. w24352
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 28 Feb 2018 Last Revised: 17 Jul 2022
Joshua S. Gans
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 7 (851,305)

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110.

The Impact of the Internet on Advertising Markets for News Media

NBER Working Paper No. w19419
Number of pages: 55 Posted: 14 Sep 2013 Last Revised: 23 Jan 2022
Susan Athey, Emilio Calvano and Joshua S. Gans
Stanford Graduate School of Business, University of Bologna - Department of Economics and University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 58 (490,837)
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111.

The Millennium Bub

Number of pages: 8 Posted: 25 May 2006
Joshua S. Gans and Andrew Leigh
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and Australian House of Representatives Parliament House
Downloads 57 (494,697)
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conceptions, births, deaths, timing, millennium

112.

AI Adoption in a Competitive Market

Number of pages: 18 Posted: 11 May 2022
Joshua S. Gans
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 55 (502,794)

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artificial intelligence, prediction, competition, externalities, variable input

113.

AI Adoption in a Monopoly Market

Number of pages: 18 Posted: 11 May 2022 Last Revised: 02 Jun 2022
Joshua S. Gans
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 55 (502,794)

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artificial intelligence, prediction, monopoly, make-to-stock, make-to-order

114.

Mechanism Design Approaches to Blockchain Consensus

Number of pages: 23 Posted: 27 Jun 2022
Joshua S. Gans and Richard Holden
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and University of New South Wales (UNSW)
Downloads 54 (506,941)

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subgame perfect implementation, blockchain, consensus, mechanism design, Byzantine fault tolerance

115.

The Economic Consequences of R = 1: Towards a Workable Behavioural Epidemiological Model of Pandemics

Number of pages: 24 Posted: 20 Aug 2020 Last Revised: 10 Jan 2022
Joshua S. Gans
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 52 (515,424)

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COVID-19, epidemiology, SIR model, pandemics

116.

Minding the Shop: The Case of Obstetrics Conferences

Australian National University Centre for Economic Policy Research Discussion Paper No. 551
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 04 Dec 2006
Joshua S. Gans, Andrew Leigh and Elena Varganova
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management, Australian House of Representatives Parliament House and Australian National University
Downloads 51 (519,870)
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timing of births, medical care, obstetrics, conference scheduling

117.

Inequality and Market Concentration, When Shareholding is More Skewed than Consumption

Number of pages: 15 Posted: 02 Jan 2019
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management, Australian House of Representatives Parliament House, CEPRUniversity of Oxford - Finance and Australian National University (ANU) - Crawford School of Public Policy
Downloads 47 (537,729)

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monopoly, market power, inequality

118.

Inequality and Market Concentration, When Shareholding is More Skewed than Consumption

NBER Working Paper No. w25395
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 26 Dec 2018 Last Revised: 23 May 2021
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management, Australian House of Representatives Parliament House, CEPRUniversity of Oxford - Finance and Australian National University (ANU)
Downloads 41 (567,142)
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119.

Vaccine Hesitancy, Passports and the Demand for Vaccination

Rotman School of Management Working Paper No. 3888992
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 03 Sep 2021 Last Revised: 19 Apr 2022
Joshua S. Gans
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 40 (572,267)

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vaccines, hesitancy, passport, behavioural SIR

120.

Intellectual Property Rights: A Grant of Monopoly or an Aid to Competition?

Number of pages: 10 Posted: 20 Dec 2004
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management, University of Melbourne - Melbourne Business School and University of Melbourne - Melbourne Business School
Downloads 38 (582,679)

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121.

Inequality and Market Concentration, When Shareholding is More Skewed than Consumption

CESifo Working Paper No. 7402
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 21 Feb 2019
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management, Australian House of Representatives Parliament House, CEPRUniversity of Oxford - Finance and Australian National University (ANU)
Downloads 37 (588,177)

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monopoly, market power, inequality

122.

Reviews

Number of pages: 17 Posted: 17 Feb 2003
Griffith University, University of Durham, National University of Singapore (NUS), Massey University - Department of Economics and Finance (Palmerston North & Wellington), College of Business, University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management, UNSW Australia Business School, School of Economics, University of East Anglia (UEA) - School of Economic and Social Studies, Wake Forest University - Department of Economics, Australian National University and Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich (LMU) - Faculty of Economics
Downloads 30 (629,464)

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123.

I'm Not Sure What to Think About Them: Non-Bayesian Updating for Naive Present-Biased Players

Number of pages: 22 Posted: 22 Oct 2019
Joshua S. Gans and Peter Landry
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 27 (649,215)
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hyperbolic discounting, present bias, teams, motivation, procrastination, higher-order beliefs, non-Bayesian updating, null events

124.

Self-Recognition in Teams

Number of pages: 43 Posted: 06 Dec 2018 Last Revised: 19 Apr 2019
Joshua S. Gans and Peter Landry
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 27 (649,215)
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behavioural economics, game theory, teams, self-recognition

Prediction Machines, Insurance, and Protection: An Alternative Perspective on AI's Role in Production

Number of pages: 27 Posted: 27 Jun 2022
Ajay K. Agrawal, Joshua S. Gans and Avi Goldfarb
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management, University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 20 (724,142)

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artificial intelligence, prediction, decisions, rules, insurance, protection, coordination

126.

A Theory of Visionary Disruption

Number of pages: 23 Posted: 07 Jun 2022
Joshua S. Gans
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 25 (663,439)

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disruption, innovation, bias, experiments, entrepreneurship

127.

The Economic Consequences of R̂ = 1: Towards a Workable Behavioural Epidemiological Model of Pandemics

NBER Working Paper No. w27632
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 04 Aug 2020 Last Revised: 03 Jul 2022
Joshua S. Gans
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 25 (663,439)

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128.

Inequality and Market Concentration, When Shareholding is More Skewed than Consumption

IZA Discussion Paper No. 12034
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 23 Jan 2019
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management, Australian House of Representatives Parliament House, CEPRUniversity of Oxford - Finance and Australian National University (ANU)
Downloads 23 (678,231)
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monopoly, market power, inequality

129.

Competitive Neutrality in Access Pricing

Australian Economic Review, Vol. 38, No. 2, pp. 128-136, June 2005
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 05 Jul 2005
Joshua S. Gans and Stephen P. King
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and Monash University - Department of Economics
Downloads 20 (701,470)

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130.

Policy Forum on Intellectual Property Rights: Introduction

Number of pages: 2 Posted: 20 Dec 2004
Joshua S. Gans
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 20 (701,470)

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131.

Internal Disagreement and Disruptive Technologies

Number of pages: 16 Posted: 07 Jun 2022
Joshua S. Gans
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 19 (709,370)

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disruption, innovation, internal disagreement, visionary

132.

Supermarkets and Shopper Dockets: The Australian Experience

Number of pages: 6 Posted: 30 Sep 2004
Joshua S. Gans and Stephen P. King
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and Monash University - Department of Economics
Downloads 18 (717,484)

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133.

"Selling Out" and the Impact of Music Piracy on Artist Entry

NBER Working Paper No. w20162
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 26 May 2014 Last Revised: 05 Aug 2022
Joshua S. Gans
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 14 (751,856)

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134.

Carbon Offset Provision with Guilt‐Ridden Consumers

Journal of Economics & Management Strategy, Vol. 21, Issue 1, pp. 243-269, 2012
Posted: 19 Jan 2012
Joshua S. Gans and Vivienne Groves
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and Stanford Graduate School of Business
Downloads 3 (862,736)

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135.

A Theory of Multihoming in Rideshare Competition

Journal of Economics & Management Strategy, Vol. 28, Issue 1, pp. 89-96, 2019
Number of pages: 8 Posted: 24 Jan 2019
Kevin A. Bryan and Joshua S. Gans
Virginia Commonwealth University (VCU) and University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management
Downloads 0 (906,676)
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Hotelling, idleness, platform, ridesharing

136.

Bargaining Over Labour: Do Patients Have Any Power?

Economic Record, Vol. 88, Issue 281, pp. 182-194, 2012
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 08 Jun 2012
Joshua S. Gans and Andrew Leigh
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and Australian House of Representatives Parliament House
Downloads 0 (906,676)

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137.

Options for Electricity Transmission Regulation in Australia

Posted: 12 Sep 2000
Joshua S. Gans and Stephen P. King
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and Monash University - Department of Economics

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138.

The Role of Undertakings in Regulatory Decision-Making

Posted: 11 Jul 2000
Teresa Fels, Joshua S. Gans and Stephen P. King
affiliation not provided to SSRN, University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and Monash University - Department of Economics

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139.

Measuring Product Diversity

Posted: 19 Mar 1997
Joshua S. Gans and Robert J. Hill
University of Toronto - Rotman School of Management and UNSW Australia Business School, School of Economics

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