Carl Shapiro

University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business

545 Student Services Building, #1900

2220 Piedmont Avenue

Berkeley, CA 94720

United States

http://faculty.haas.berkeley.edu

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

37

DOWNLOADS
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31,663

SSRN CITATIONS
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Top 1,321

in Total Papers Citations

399

CROSSREF CITATIONS

421

Scholarly Papers (37)

1.

Patent Holdup and Royalty Stacking

85 Texas Law Review 1991 (2007), Stanford Law and Economics Olin Working Paper No. 324
Number of pages: 59 Posted: 10 Aug 2006 Last Revised: 30 Apr 2020
Mark A. Lemley and Carl Shapiro
Stanford Law School and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 3,842 (2,640)
Citation 11

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2.
Downloads 2,591 ( 5,144)
Citation 10

Antitrust

Harvard Law and Economics Discussion Paper No. 575
Number of pages: 157 Posted: 06 Feb 2007
Louis Kaplow and Carl Shapiro
Harvard Law School and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 2,485 (5,397)
Citation 10

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Antitrust

NBER Working Paper No. w12867
Number of pages: 156 Posted: 31 Jan 2007 Last Revised: 30 Aug 2010
Louis Kaplow and Carl Shapiro
Harvard Law School and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 106 (274,106)

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3.

Antitrust Evaluation of Horizontal Mergers: An Economic Alternative to Market Definition

Number of pages: 35 Posted: 10 Dec 2008 Last Revised: 22 Feb 2010
Joseph Farrell and Carl Shapiro
University of California, Berkeley - Department of Economics and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 2,528 (5,355)
Citation 55

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mergers, antitrust, unilateral effects, market definition, relevant market

4.

Navigating the Patent Thicket: Cross Licenses, Patent Pools, and Standard-Setting

Number of pages: 34 Posted: 14 Jun 2001
Carl Shapiro
University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 2,479 (5,525)
Citation 174

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5.

A Simple Approach to Setting Reasonable Royalties for Standard-Essential Patents

Stanford Public Law Working Paper No. 2243026, 28 Berkeley Technology Law Journal 1135 (2013)
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 02 Apr 2013 Last Revised: 24 Apr 2020
Mark A. Lemley and Carl Shapiro
Stanford Law School and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 2,249 (6,508)
Citation 20

Abstract:

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6.

Scale Economies and Synergies in Horizontal Merger Analysis

UC Berkeley, Center for Competition Policy Working Paper No. CPC00-15
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 18 Feb 2004
Joseph Farrell and Carl Shapiro
University of California, Berkeley - Department of Economics and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 1,914 (8,575)
Citation 54

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Competition, FTC, horizontal merger guidelines, mergers, no-synergies efficiencies, synergy

7.

Antitrust Policy: A Century of Economic and Legal Thinking

U of California, Berkeley, Center for Competition Policy Working Paper No. CPC99-09
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 26 Feb 2004
William E. Kovacic and Carl Shapiro
George Washington University - Law School and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 1,783 (9,605)
Citation 28

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Antitrust, Sherman Act

8.

Probabilistic Patents

Journal of Economic Perspectives, Vol. 19, p. 75, 2005, Stanford Law and Economics Olin Working Paper No. 288
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 23 Jul 2004
Mark A. Lemley and Carl Shapiro
Stanford Law School and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 1,763 (9,815)
Citation 99

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9.

Antitrust in a Time of Populism

Number of pages: 33 Posted: 25 Oct 2017
Carl Shapiro
University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 1,227 (17,293)
Citation 19

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10.

Intellectual Property, Competition, and Information Technology

UC Berkeley Competition Policy Center Working Paper No. CPC04-45
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 13 Apr 2004
Joseph Farrell and Carl Shapiro
University of California, Berkeley - Department of Economics and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 1,176 (18,451)
Citation 10

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Intellectual property, copyrights, information technology, competition policy

11.
Downloads 1,098 ( 20,433)
Citation 21

Antitrust Limits to Patent Settlements

Number of pages: 42 Posted: 14 Jun 2001
Carl Shapiro
University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 1,098 (20,071)
Citation 21

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Antitrust Limits to Patent Settlements

RAND Journal of Economics, Vol. 34, No. 2, Summer 2003
Posted: 22 Jul 2003
Carl Shapiro
University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business

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12.

Activating Actavis

Antitrust Magazine, Fall 2013, at 16, Columbia Law and Economics Working Paper No. 457
Number of pages: 8 Posted: 30 Aug 2013 Last Revised: 30 Dec 2013
University of California at Berkeley, New York University School of Law, University of Pennsylvania Law School and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 991 (23,783)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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antitrust, drugs, FTC, Hatch-Waxman, innovation, patent, Paragraph IV, pay for delay, pharmaceuticals, regulation, reverse payment, settlement

13.

The 2010 Horizontal Merger Guidelines: From Hedgehog to Fox in Forty Years

Number of pages: 56 Posted: 11 Sep 2010
Carl Shapiro
University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 918 (26,563)
Citation 28

Abstract:

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mergers, antitrust, unilateral effects, market definition

14.
Downloads 800 ( 32,348)
Citation 7

Reinvigorating Horizontal Merger Enforcement

Number of pages: 48 Posted: 07 Jun 2007 Last Revised: 30 Oct 2007
Jonathan B. Baker and Carl Shapiro
American University - Washington College of Law and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 562 (51,141)
Citation 6

Abstract:

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horizontal mergers, merger enforcement, antitrust, coordinated effects, unilateral effects

Reinvigorating Horizontal Merger Enforcement

Reg-Markets Center Working Paper No. 07-12
Number of pages: 59 Posted: 04 Feb 2008
Jonathan B. Baker and Carl Shapiro
American University - Washington College of Law and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 238 (137,528)
Citation 5

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Antitrust and Innovation: Welcoming and Protecting Disruption

Number of pages: 52 Posted: 12 Jun 2019
Chief Economist Team, DG Competition, European Commission, Yale School of Management and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 726 (36,515)
Citation 4

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Antitrust, competition policy, innovation, mergers, exclusionary conduct

Antitrust and Innovation: Welcoming and Protecting Disruption

NBER Working Paper No. w26005
Number of pages: 53 Posted: 01 Jul 2019
Chief Economist Team, DG Competition, European Commission, Yale School of Management and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 20 (575,808)
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16.

Reply: Patent Holdup and Royalty Stacking

85 Texas Law Review 2163 (2007), Stanford Law and Economics Olin Working Paper No. 345
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 14 Aug 2007 Last Revised: 30 Apr 2020
Mark A. Lemley and Carl Shapiro
Stanford Law School and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 636 (44,034)

Abstract:

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17.

RAND Patents and Exclusion Orders: Submission of 19 Economics and Law Professors to the International Trade Commission

Santa Clara Univ. Legal Studies Research Paper No. 07-12, UC Berkeley Public Law Research Paper No. 2102865
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 10 Jul 2012
Santa Clara University - School of Law, University of California, Berkeley - Department of Economics, University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business, University of Minnesota Law School, Notre Dame Law School, Syracuse University College of Law, Santa Clara University - School of Law, University of California, Irvine School of Law, Pennsylvania State University - Mary Jean and Frank P. Smeal College of Business Administration, Rutgers Law School, University of Utah - S.J. Quinney College of Law, University of Georgia School of Law, Villanova University Charles Widger School of Law, New York University School of Law, University of San Diego School of Law, Duke University School of Law, New York University School of Law, University of Leuven and University of Nebraska - College of Law
Downloads 611 (46,390)
Citation 1

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18.

Strategic Patent Acquisitions

Number of pages: 30 Posted: 03 Jul 2013 Last Revised: 01 Jan 2015
Fiona M. Scott Morton and Carl Shapiro
Yale School of Management and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 582 (49,569)
Citation 15

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patents, innovation, competition

19.

How Antitrust Law Can Make FRAND Commitments More Effective

Stanford Law and Economics Olin Working Paper No. 510
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 27 Nov 2017 Last Revised: 25 Jan 2018
A. Douglas Melamed and Carl Shapiro
Stanford Law School and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 344 (93,330)
Citation 2

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20.

The Actavis Inference: Theory and Practice

Columbia Public Law Research Paper No. 14-459
Number of pages: 51 Posted: 07 Feb 2015 Last Revised: 04 Oct 2015
University of California at Berkeley, New York University School of Law, University of Pennsylvania Law School and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 341 (94,261)
Citation 15

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Actavis, antitrust, drugs, FTC, Hatch-Waxman, innovation, patent, Paragraph IV, pay for delay, pharmaceuticals, regulation, reverse payment, settlement

21.

Recapture, Pass-Through, and Market Definition

Antitrust Law Journal, Vol. 76, No. 3, pp. 585-604, 2010
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 16 May 2010
Joseph Farrell and Carl Shapiro
University of California, Berkeley - Department of Economics and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 311 (104,370)

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22.

Horizontal Mergers, Market Structure, and Burdens of Proof

Yale Law Journal, Vol. 127, p. 1996, 2018, U of Penn, Inst for Law & Econ Research Paper No. 17-42
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 02 Oct 2017 Last Revised: 29 May 2018
Herbert Hovenkamp and Carl Shapiro
University of Pennsylvania Law School and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 307 (105,860)
Citation 8

Abstract:

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mergers, antitrust, structuralism, consumer welfare, prices, output, competition

23.

Protecting Competition in the American Economy: Merger Control, Tech Titans, Labor Markets

Journal of Economic Perspectives, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 21 Jun 2019
Carl Shapiro
University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 287 (113,797)
Citation 11

Abstract:

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24.

The Ftc's Challenge to Intel's Cross-Licensing Practices

UC Berkeley Competition Policy Center Working Paper No. CPC02-29
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 16 Feb 2004
Carl Shapiro
University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 276 (118,621)
Citation 1

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Antitrust, Intel, intellectual property, patent infringement, patent thicket, FTC

25.

Final Report of the Berkeley Center for Law & Technology Patent Damages Workshop

Texas Intellectual Property Law Journal, Vol. 25(1), pp. 115-142 (2017). , UC Berkeley Public Law Research Paper No. 2823658
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 16 Aug 2016 Last Revised: 06 Oct 2018
Georgia Institute of Technology - Scheller College of Business, University of California, Berkeley - School of Law, University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business and Boston University - Questrom School of Business
Downloads 269 (121,838)

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Patents, Damages, Conjoint Analysis, Reasonable Royalty, Patent Case Management, Expert Witnesses

26.

Actavis and Error Costs: A Reply to Critics

The Antitrust Source, October 2014
Number of pages: 8 Posted: 13 Jun 2014 Last Revised: 27 Oct 2014
University of California at Berkeley, New York University School of Law, University of Pennsylvania Law School and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 260 (126,283)
Citation 2

Abstract:

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antitrust, drugs, FTC, Hatch-Waxman, innovation, patent, Paragraph IV, pay for delay, pharmaceuticals, regulation, reverse payment, settlement

27.

Property Rules vs. Liability Rules for Patent Infringement

Number of pages: 33 Posted: 05 May 2016
Carl Shapiro
University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 253 (129,879)
Citation 4

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Patent Assertions: Are We Any Closer to Aligning Reward to Contribution?

Number of pages: 37 Posted: 03 Jun 2015
Fiona M. Scott Morton and Carl Shapiro
Yale School of Management and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 221 (147,968)

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patents, innovation, antitrust, standards

Patent Assertions: are We Any Closer to Aligning Reward to Contribution?

NBER Working Paper No. w21678
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 02 Nov 2015
Fiona M. Scott Morton and Carl Shapiro
Yale School of Management and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 18 (589,762)
Citation 2

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29.

The Perils of Armchair Analysis: Evaluating Merger Enforcement During the Obama Administration

Number of pages: 4 Posted: 23 Jul 2012
Jonathan B. Baker and Carl Shapiro
American University - Washington College of Law and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 162 (196,345)
Citation 1

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antitrust, mergers, enforcement

30.

Antitrust Policy During the Clinton Administration

UC Berkeley, Center for Competition Policy Working Paper No. CPC01-22
Number of pages: 75 Posted: 21 Feb 2004
Carl Shapiro and Robert E. Litan
University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business and Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) - Council on Foreign Relations- Washington D.C.
Downloads 160 (198,544)
Citation 7

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antitrust, antitrust enforcement, mergers

31.

Foreign Counterfeiting of Status Goods

NBER Working Paper No. w1915
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 03 May 2004 Last Revised: 04 Apr 2015
Gene M. Grossman and Carl Shapiro
Princeton University - Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 136 (226,654)
Citation 2

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32.

Whither Antitrust Enforcement in the Trump Administration?

February 2017 Antitrust Source 1
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 09 Dec 2016 Last Revised: 25 Feb 2017
Steven C. Salop and Carl Shapiro
Georgetown University Law Center and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 108 (270,735)
Citation 2

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Antitrust, Antitrust Law, Antitrust Policy, Antitrust Enforcement, Competition Policy

33.

Counterfeit-Product Trade

NBER Working Paper No. w1876
Number of pages: 45 Posted: 07 Apr 2004 Last Revised: 19 Aug 2010
Gene M. Grossman and Carl Shapiro
Princeton University - Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 107 (270,735)
Citation 1

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34.

Dynamic R&D Competition

NBER Working Paper No. w1674
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 12 Apr 2004 Last Revised: 31 Jul 2010
Gene M. Grossman and Carl Shapiro
Princeton University - Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 68 (357,389)
Citation 4

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35.

Patent Reform: Aligning Reward and Contribution

NBER Working Paper No. w13141
Number of pages: 48 Posted: 27 Jun 2007 Last Revised: 29 Oct 2014
Carl Shapiro
University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 65 (365,823)
Citation 2

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36.

Optimal Dynamic R&D Programs

NBER Working Paper No. w1658
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 19 Jun 2004 Last Revised: 04 Apr 2015
Gene M. Grossman and Carl Shapiro
Princeton University - Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs and University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business
Downloads 36 (470,154)

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37.

Exclusivity in Network Industries

Posted: 08 Dec 1998
Carl Shapiro
University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business

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