Gillian K. Hadfield

University of Toronto

78 Queen's Park

Toronto, Ontario M5S 2C5

Canada

Vector Institute for Artificial Intelligence

OpenAI

Center for Human-Compatible AI

310 Barrows Hall

Berkeley, CA 94720

United States

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

41

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18,389

CITATIONS
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206

Scholarly Papers (41)

1.

Rules for Growth: Promoting Innovation and Growth Through Legal Reform

Yale Law & Economics Research Paper No. 426, Stanford Law and Economics Olin Working Paper No. 410, UC Berkeley Public Law Research Paper No. 1757982
Number of pages: 513 Posted: 08 Feb 2011 Last Revised: 20 Feb 2014
Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) - Council on Foreign Relations- Washington D.C., Harvard University, George Mason University - Antonin Scalia Law School, Faculty, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Human Dynamics Group, Arizona State University (ASU) - School for the Future of Innovation in Society, University of California, Berkeley - School of Law, University of California at Berkeley, Notre Dame Law School, Stanford Law School, Vermont Law School, University of Toronto, Stanford Law School, University of California, Berkeley - School of Law, Yale University - Law School, University of Illinois College of Law (deceased), Columbia University - Columbia Law School, Yale University - Law School, Harvard Law School, Columbia University - Law School, Israel Supreme Court, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign - Graduate School of Library and Information Science, Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation, American Enterprise Institute and affiliation not provided to SSRN
Downloads 2,783 (4,103)
Citation 1

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entrepreneurship, policy, growth, rules, innovation, immigration, intellectual property, ip, university, business, federal, national, patent

The Price of Law: How the Market for Lawyers Distorts the Justice System

Michigan Law Review, Vol. 98, No. 4, 2000
Number of pages: 84 Posted: 09 Nov 1999
Gillian K. Hadfield
University of Toronto
Downloads 1,848 (8,018)
Citation 2

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The Price of Law: How the Market for Lawyers Distorts the Justice System

Columbia Law and Economics Working Paper No. 157; and Stanford Law John M. Olin Working Paper No. 185
Posted: 09 Nov 1999
Gillian K. Hadfield
University of Toronto

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3.

What is Law? A Coordination Account of the Characteristics of Legal Order

The Journal of Legal Analysis, Vol 4
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 11 Nov 2010 Last Revised: 12 Nov 2013
Gillian K. Hadfield and Barry R. Weingast
University of Toronto and Stanford University, Department of Political Science
Downloads 1,155 (17,299)
Citation 2

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rule of law, philosophy of law, coordinated punishment, legal origins

4.

Privatizing Commercial Law: Lessons from the Middle and the Digital Ages

Stanford Law and Economics Olin Working Paper No. 195
Number of pages: 66 Posted: 19 Apr 2000
Gillian K. Hadfield
University of Toronto
Downloads 975 (22,267)
Citation 3

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5.

Contract Law is Not Enough: The Many Legal Institutions that Support Contractual Commitments

HANDBOOK OF NEW INSTITUTIONAL ECONOMICS, Claude Menard and Mary Shirley, eds., Kluwer Press, 2004
Number of pages: 50 Posted: 29 Apr 2004
Gillian K. Hadfield
University of Toronto
Downloads 880 (25,858)
Citation 1

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6.
Downloads 709 ( 34,831)
Citation 2

Microfoundations of the Rule of Law

Forthcoming, Annual Review of Political Science, Stanford Law and Economics Olin Working Paper No. 453, USC CLASS Research Paper No. 13-5, USC Law Legal Studies Paper No. 13-17
Number of pages: 50 Posted: 23 Oct 2013 Last Revised: 21 Dec 2013
Gillian K. Hadfield and Barry R. Weingast
University of Toronto and Stanford University, Department of Political Science
Downloads 709 (34,304)
Citation 2

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Microfoundations of the Rule of Law

Annual Review of Political Science, Vol. 17, pp. 21-42, 2014
Posted: 21 May 2014
Gillian K. Hadfield and Barry R. Weingast
University of Toronto and Stanford University, Department of Political Science

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7.

The Cost of Law: Promoting Access to Justice through the (Un)Corporate Practice of Law

International Review of Law and Economics, Forthcoming, USC CLASS Research Paper No. 13-4, USC Law Legal Studies Paper No. 13-16
Number of pages: 59 Posted: 02 Oct 2013 Last Revised: 05 May 2015
Gillian K. Hadfield
University of Toronto
Downloads 676 (37,193)

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access to justice, cost of law, legal profession, corporate practice of law, fee sharing, non-lawyers

8.

Privatizing Commercial Law

Regulation Magazine, Vol. 24, No. 1, Spring 2001
Number of pages: 6 Posted: 18 Apr 2001
Gillian K. Hadfield
University of Toronto
Downloads 614 (42,238)
Citation 3

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9.

Legal Infrastructure and the New Economy

I/S: A Journal of Law and Policy for the Information Society, Vol. 8, No. 1, 2012, USC CLEO Research Paper No. C10-7, USC Law Legal Studies Paper No. 10-8
Number of pages: 59 Posted: 11 Mar 2010 Last Revised: 23 Dec 2013
Gillian K. Hadfield
University of Toronto
Downloads 566 (47,025)

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legal design, rule of law, globalization, internet, legal evolution, legal infrastructure

10.

Constitutions as Coordinating Devices

USC CLEO Research Paper No. C11-20, USC Law Legal Studies Paper No. 11-28
Number of pages: 45 Posted: 24 Nov 2011 Last Revised: 03 Jan 2014
Gillian K. Hadfield and Barry R. Weingast
University of Toronto and Stanford University, Department of Political Science
Downloads 546 (49,182)

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legal theory, institutions, law and development, constitutional law, law merchant, coordination games

11.

Legal Barriers to Innovation: The Growing Economic Cost of Professional Control Over Corporate Legal Markets

Stanford Law Review, Vol. 60, p. 102, April 2008, Univ. of Southern California Center in Law, Economics and Organization Research Paper No. C08-7, USC Legal Studies Research Paper No. 08-8
Number of pages: 47 Posted: 12 Mar 2008 Last Revised: 16 Nov 2013
Gillian K. Hadfield
University of Toronto
Downloads 523 (51,953)

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innovation, legal profession, legal markets, regulation, antitrust, judicial independence, legal independence

12.
Downloads 477 ( 58,403)
Citation 13

On Public Versus Private Provision of Corporate Law

USC Law and Economics Research Paper No. 04-18, USC CLEO Research Paper No. C04-13
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 24 Aug 2004 Last Revised: 17 Nov 2013
Gillian K. Hadfield and Eric L. Talley
University of Toronto and Columbia University - School of Law
Downloads 444 (63,110)
Citation 1

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On Public Versus Private Provision of Corporate Law

The Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization, Vol. 22, No. 2, pp. 414-441, 2006
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 29 Feb 2008 Last Revised: 18 Mar 2011
Gillian K. Hadfield and Eric L. Talley
University of Toronto and Columbia University - School of Law
Downloads 33 (461,759)

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On Public Versus Private Provision of Corporate Law

Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization, Vol. 22, No. 2, Fall 2006
Posted: 23 Feb 2006
Gillian K. Hadfield and Eric L. Talley
University of Toronto and Columbia University - School of Law

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13.

Rational Reasonableness: Toward a Positive Theory of Public Reason

Law & Ethics of Human Rights Vol 6, 2012, USC CLEO Research Paper No. C11-3, USC Law Legal Studies Paper No. 11-8
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 22 Mar 2011 Last Revised: 12 Nov 2013
Gillian K. Hadfield and Stephen Macedo
University of Toronto and Princeton University, Politics and Human Values
Downloads 405 (71,285)
Citation 1

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public reason, coordination, political liberalism, legal order, collective punishment, common knowledge, trust, deliberation, deliberative democracy, justice, liberalism

Where Have All the Trials Gone? Settlements, Non-Trial Adjudications and Statistical Artifacts in the Changing Disposition of Federal Civil Cases

USC CLEO Research Paper No. C04-12; USC Law and Economics Research Paper No. 04-17
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 30 Jul 2004
Gillian K. Hadfield
University of Toronto
Downloads 213 (141,882)
Citation 5

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Where Have All the Trials Gone? Settlements, Non-trial Adjudications and Statistical Artifacts in the Changing Disposition of Federal Civil Cases

Journal of Empirical Legal Studies, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 16 Aug 2004
Gillian K. Hadfield
University of Toronto
Downloads 187 (160,414)
Citation 2

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15.

Levers of Legal Design: Institutional Determinants of the Quality of Law

USC CLEO Research Paper No. C07-8, USC Law Legal Studies Paper No. 07-6
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 31 May 2007
Gillian K. Hadfield
University of Toronto
Downloads 363 (80,916)
Citation 1

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common law, civil code, comparative law, legal origins, evolution of law, institutions

16.

Is Rule of Law an Equilibrium Without Private Ordering?

USC CLASS Research Papers Series No. CLASS16-16, USC Law Legal Studies Paper No. 16-18, Stanford Law and Economics Olin Working Paper No. 493
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 29 May 2016 Last Revised: 08 Dec 2016
Gillian K. Hadfield and Barry R. Weingast
University of Toronto and Stanford University, Department of Political Science
Downloads 349 (84,674)

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Rule of law, what-is-law, private ordering, decentralized enforcement

17.

The Quality of Law: Judicial Incentives, Legal Human Capital and the Evolution of Law

University of Southern California CLEO Research Paper No. C07-3
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 07 Mar 2007
Gillian K. Hadfield
University of Toronto
Downloads 329 (90,530)
Citation 5

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Feminism, Fairness, and Welfare: An Invitation to Feminist Law and Economics

Annual Review of Law and Social Science, Vol. 1, p. 285, 2005, USC CLEO Research Paper No. C05-15, USC Law Legal Studies Paper No. 05-22
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 11 Nov 2005
Gillian K. Hadfield
University of Toronto
Downloads 312 (95,421)

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welfare economics, care, justice, efficiency, normative, ethics

Feminism, Fairness, and Welfare: An Invitation to Feminist Law and Economics

Annual Review of Law and Social Science (2005), Vol. 1, pp. 285-306, 2005
Posted: 18 Oct 2010
Gillian K. Hadfield
University of Toronto

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19.

Scaffolding: Using Formal Contracts to Build Informal Relations in Support of Innovation

USC CLASS Research Paper No. C12-3, USC Law Legal Studies Paper No. 12-6
Number of pages: 63 Posted: 14 Jan 2012 Last Revised: 27 Feb 2015
Iva Bozovic and Gillian K. Hadfield
University of Southern California - School of International Relations and University of Toronto
Downloads 299 (100,437)
Citation 7

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relational contracts, innovation, reputation, coordination, non-contractual practices, formal contracts, informal enforcement

20.

Legal Barriers to Innovation

Regulation, Vol. 31, No. 3, Fall 2008, USC Legal Studies Research Paper Series No. 09-5, USC CLEO Research Paper No. C09-5
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 27 Oct 2008 Last Revised: 12 Nov 2013
Gillian K. Hadfield
University of Toronto
Downloads 285 (105,854)

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innovation, corporate legal markets, law, legal barriers, bar association, regulation, monopoly, self-regulation, legal market, barriers to entry

21.

Life in the Law-Thick World: The Legal Resource Landscape for Ordinary Americans

In S. Estreicher and J Radice (eds) Beyond Elite Law: Access to Civil Justice in America (Cambridge University Press 2016), USC CLASS Research Papers Series No. CLASS15-2, USC Law Legal Studies Paper No. 15-2
Number of pages: 40 Posted: 09 Jan 2015 Last Revised: 19 May 2016
Gillian K. Hadfield and Jamie Heine
University of Toronto and Independent
Downloads 261 (116,119)
Citation 1

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22.

Building Legal Order in Ancient Athens

Journal of Legal Analysis Advance Access, July 12, 2015, USC CLASS Research Papers Series No. CLASS15-1, USC Law Legal Studies Paper No. 15-1, Stanford Law and Economics Olin Working Paper No. 479
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 09 Jan 2015 Last Revised: 20 Oct 2015
Federica Carugati, Gillian K. Hadfield and Barry R. Weingast
Indiana University Bloomington - Ostrom Workshop, University of Toronto and Stanford University, Department of Political Science
Downloads 255 (118,993)

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law, legal history, law and economics, postive political theory and the law

23.

How to Regulate Legal Services to Promote Access, Innovation, and the Quality of Lawyering

Hastings Law Journal, Forthcoming, USC CLASS Research Papers Series No. CLASS16-6, USC Law Legal Studies Paper No. 16-7
Number of pages: 53 Posted: 17 Feb 2016
Gillian K. Hadfield and Deborah Rhode
University of Toronto and Stanford Law School
Downloads 240 (126,572)

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24.

Law without the State: Legal Attributes and the Coordination of Decentralized Collective Punishment

Journal of Law and Courts, Vol 1, 3-34, Forthcoming, USC Law Legal Studies Paper No. 13-11, USC CLEO Research Paper No. C13-10
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 07 Apr 2013 Last Revised: 11 Nov 2013
Gillian K. Hadfield and Barry R. Weingast
University of Toronto and Stanford University, Department of Political Science
Downloads 238 (127,628)
Citation 1

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legal order, rule of law, coordination, collective punishment

25.

Framing the Choice between Cash and the Courthouse: Experiences with the 9/11 Victim Compensation Fund

Law and Society Review, Forthcoming, USC CLEO Research Paper No. C08-8, USC Law Legal Studies Paper No. 08-9
Number of pages: 66 Posted: 12 Mar 2008 Last Revised: 13 Nov 2013
Gillian K. Hadfield
University of Toronto
Downloads 236 (128,681)

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September 11, 9/11, civil litigation, settlement, alternative dispute resolution, participatory democracy, tort law, tort reform, law and courts

26.

The Cost of Law: Promoting Access to Justice through the Corporate Practice of Law

USC CLEO Research Paper No. C12-16, USC Law Legal Studies Paper No. 12-26
Number of pages: 62 Posted: 02 Dec 2012
Gillian K. Hadfield
University of Toronto
Downloads 232 (130,874)
Citation 4

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27.

The Strategy of Methodology: The Virtues of Being Reductionist for Comparative Law

University of Toronto Law Journal, Vol. 59, p. 223, 2009, USC CLEO Research Paper No. C09-14, USC Law Legal Studies Paper No. 09-27
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 28 May 2009 Last Revised: 12 Nov 2013
Gillian K. Hadfield
University of Toronto
Downloads 225 (134,881)
Citation 2

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28.

Equipping the Garage Guys in Law

Maryland Law Review, Vol. 70, No. 1, 2011, USC CLEO Research Paper No. C11-5, USC Law Legal Studies Paper No. 11-11
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 06 Apr 2011 Last Revised: 12 Nov 2013
Gillian K. Hadfield
University of Toronto
Downloads 220 (137,852)

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29.

The Levers of Legal Design: Institutional Determinants of the Quality of Law

Journal of Comparative Economics, 2008, USC CLEO Research Paper No. C08-9, USC Law Legal Studies Paper No. 08-10
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 12 Mar 2008 Last Revised: 16 Nov 2013
Gillian K. Hadfield
University of Toronto
Downloads 219 (138,450)

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legal origins, compartive law, civil code, common law, legal evolution, institutions

30.

Innovating to Improve Access: Changing the Way Courts Regulate Legal Markets

Daedalus, Forthcoming, USC CLASS Research Papers Series No. CLASS14-18, USC Legal Studies Research Papers Series No. 14-19
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 03 Apr 2014 Last Revised: 26 Apr 2014
Gillian K. Hadfield
University of Toronto
Downloads 206 (146,667)
Citation 1

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31.
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32.

Collective Punishment: A Coordination Account of Legal Order

USC CLEO Research Paper No. C11-4, USC Law Legal Studies Paper No. 11-9
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 19 Mar 2011 Last Revised: 12 Nov 2013
Gillian K. Hadfield and Barry R. Weingast
University of Toronto and Stanford University, Department of Political Science
Downloads 198 (152,234)

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legal order, rule of law, concept of law, collective punishment, coordination, focal points, coercion

33.

Higher Demand, Lower Supply? A Comparative Assessment of the Legal Resource Landscape for Ordinary Americans

Fordham Urban Law Journal, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 28 May 2009 Last Revised: 13 Oct 2009
Gillian K. Hadfield
University of Toronto
Downloads 186 (161,238)

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34.

Producing Law for Innovation

KAUFFMAN TASK FORCE ON LAW, INNOVATION AND GROWTH, RULES FOR GROWTH, Forthcoming , USC CLEO Research Paper No. C10-18, USC Law Legal Studies Paper No. 10-21
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 11 Nov 2010 Last Revised: 12 Nov 2013
Gillian K. Hadfield
University of Toronto
Downloads 185 (162,039)

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legal profession, legal markets, regulation of lawyers, innovation

35.

The September 11th Victim Compensation Fund: 'An Unprecedented Experiment in American Democracy'

THE FUTURE OF TERRORISM RISK INSURANCE, Defense Research Institute (DRI), 2005
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 25 Mar 2005
Gillian K. Hadfield
University of Toronto
Downloads 180 (166,093)

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36.

The Role of International Law Firms and Multijural Human Capital in the Harmonization of Legal Regimes

MULTIJURALISM: MANIFESTATIONS, CAUSES AND CONSEQUENCES, Albert Breton, Anne Des Ormeaux, Katharina Pistor, and Pierre Salmon, eds., 2010
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 27 Jan 2007 Last Revised: 16 Nov 2013
Gillian K. Hadfield
University of Toronto
Downloads 154 (190,041)

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37.

Privatizing Law: Is Rule of Law an Equilibrium without Private Ordering?

USC CLASS Research Paper No. CLASS17-25, USC Law Legal Studies Paper No. 17-24
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 23 Oct 2017 Last Revised: 06 Nov 2017
Gillian K. Hadfield and Barry R. Weingast
University of Toronto and Stanford University, Department of Political Science
Downloads 138 (207,804)

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Law, Law and Economics, What Is Law, Legal Theory

38.

Incomplete Contracting and AI Alignment

USC CLASS Research Papers Series No. CLASS18-10, USC Legal Studies Research Papers Series No. 18-10
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 19 Apr 2018
Dylan Hadfield-Menell and Gillian K. Hadfield
University of California, Berkeley - Department of Electrical Engineering & Computer Sciences (EECS) and University of Toronto
Downloads 114 (240,447)
Citation 3

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39.

The Public and the Private in the Provision of Law for Global Transactions

CONTRACTUAL CERTAINTY IN INTERNATIONAL TRADE: EMPIRICAL STUDIES AND THEORETICAL DEBATES ON INSTITUTIONAL SUPPORT FOR GLOBAL ECONOMIC EXCHANGES OXFORD, Volkmar Gessner, ed., Hart Publishing, 2009, USC Center for Law and Economics Research Paper No. C09-15, USC Legal Studies Research Paper No. 09-28
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 28 May 2009 Last Revised: 13 Oct 2009
Gillian K. Hadfield
University of Toronto
Downloads 112 (243,490)

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private legal systems, globalization, international trade, common law, civil code

40.

Democracy, Courts and the Information Order

European Journal of Sociology, 54 (2013) pp. 67-95, USC Law Legal Studies Paper No. 13-12, USC CLEO Research Paper No. C13-11
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 20 May 2013 Last Revised: 11 Nov 2013
Gillian K. Hadfield and Dan Ryan
University of Toronto and University of Toronto, Faculty of Information
Downloads 90 (282,008)

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sociology of information, democracy, information order, civil litigation, access to justice, participatory democracy, civil procedure

41.

Of Sovereignty and Contract: Damages for Breach of Contract by Government

Southern California Interdisciplinary Law Journal, 1999
Posted: 19 Mar 1999
Gillian K. Hadfield
University of Toronto

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