Gillian K. Hadfield

University of Toronto

78 Queen's Park

Toronto, Ontario M5S 2C5

Canada

Vector Institute for Artificial Intelligence

OpenAI

Center for Human-Compatible AI

310 Barrows Hall

Berkeley, CA 94720

United States

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

41

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Top 1,803

in Total Papers Downloads

19,157

SSRN CITATIONS
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Top 4,706

in Total Papers Citations

68

CROSSREF CITATIONS

197

Scholarly Papers (41)

1.

Rules for Growth: Promoting Innovation and Growth Through Legal Reform

Yale Law & Economics Research Paper No. 426, Stanford Law and Economics Olin Working Paper No. 410, UC Berkeley Public Law Research Paper No. 1757982
Number of pages: 513 Posted: 08 Feb 2011 Last Revised: 20 Feb 2014
Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) - Council on Foreign Relations- Washington D.C., Harvard University, George Mason University - Antonin Scalia Law School, Faculty, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Human Dynamics Group, Arizona State University (ASU) - School for the Future of Innovation in Society, University of California, Berkeley - School of Law, University of California at Berkeley, Notre Dame Law School, Stanford Law School, Vermont Law School, University of Toronto, Stanford Law School, University of California, Berkeley - School of Law, Yale University - Law School, University of Illinois College of Law (deceased), Columbia University - Columbia Law School, Yale University - Law School, Harvard Law School, Columbia University - Law School, Israel Supreme Court, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign - Graduate School of Library and Information Science, Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation, American Enterprise Institute and affiliation not provided to SSRN
Downloads 2,887 (4,557)
Citation 1

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entrepreneurship, policy, growth, rules, innovation, immigration, intellectual property, ip, university, business, federal, national, patent

The Price of Law: How the Market for Lawyers Distorts the Justice System

Number of pages: 84 Posted: 09 Nov 1999
Gillian K. Hadfield
University of Toronto
Downloads 1,916 (8,865)
Citation 2

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The Price of Law: How the Market for Lawyers Distorts the Justice System

Columbia Law and Economics Working Paper No. 157; and Stanford Law John M. Olin Working Paper No. 185
Posted: 09 Nov 1999
Gillian K. Hadfield
University of Toronto

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3.

What is Law? A Coordination Account of the Characteristics of Legal Order

The Journal of Legal Analysis, Vol 4
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 11 Nov 2010 Last Revised: 12 Nov 2013
Gillian K. Hadfield and Barry R. Weingast
University of Toronto and Stanford University, Department of Political Science
Downloads 1,230 (18,107)
Citation 2

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rule of law, philosophy of law, coordinated punishment, legal origins

4.

Privatizing Commercial Law: Lessons from the Middle and the Digital Ages

Number of pages: 66 Posted: 19 Apr 2000
Gillian K. Hadfield
University of Toronto
Downloads 987 (25,096)
Citation 3

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5.

Contract Law is Not Enough: The Many Legal Institutions that Support Contractual Commitments

Number of pages: 50 Posted: 29 Apr 2004
Gillian K. Hadfield
University of Toronto
Downloads 927 (27,477)
Citation 1

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6.

The Cost of Law: Promoting Access to Justice through the (Un)Corporate Practice of Law

International Review of Law and Economics, Forthcoming, USC CLASS Research Paper No. 13-4, USC Law Legal Studies Paper No. 13-16
Number of pages: 59 Posted: 02 Oct 2013 Last Revised: 05 May 2015
Gillian K. Hadfield
University of Toronto
Downloads 739 (37,618)

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access to justice, cost of law, legal profession, corporate practice of law, fee sharing, non-lawyers

7.
Downloads 733 ( 38,042)
Citation 13

Microfoundations of the Rule of Law

Forthcoming, Annual Review of Political Science, Stanford Law and Economics Olin Working Paper No. 453, USC CLASS Research Paper No. 13-5, USC Law Legal Studies Paper No. 13-17
Number of pages: 50 Posted: 23 Oct 2013 Last Revised: 21 Dec 2013
Gillian K. Hadfield and Barry R. Weingast
University of Toronto and Stanford University, Department of Political Science
Downloads 733 (37,500)
Citation 13

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Microfoundations of the Rule of Law

Annual Review of Political Science, Vol. 17, pp. 21-42, 2014
Posted: 21 May 2014
Gillian K. Hadfield and Barry R. Weingast
University of Toronto and Stanford University, Department of Political Science

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8.

Privatizing Commercial Law

Number of pages: 6 Posted: 18 Apr 2001
Gillian K. Hadfield
University of Toronto
Downloads 627 (46,939)
Citation 6

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9.

Legal Infrastructure and the New Economy

I/S: A Journal of Law and Policy for the Information Society, Vol. 8, No. 1, 2012, USC CLEO Research Paper No. C10-7, USC Law Legal Studies Paper No. 10-8
Number of pages: 59 Posted: 11 Mar 2010 Last Revised: 23 Dec 2013
Gillian K. Hadfield
University of Toronto
Downloads 581 (51,807)

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legal design, rule of law, globalization, internet, legal evolution, legal infrastructure

10.

Constitutions as Coordinating Devices

USC CLEO Research Paper No. C11-20, USC Law Legal Studies Paper No. 11-28
Number of pages: 45 Posted: 24 Nov 2011 Last Revised: 03 Jan 2014
Gillian K. Hadfield and Barry R. Weingast
University of Toronto and Stanford University, Department of Political Science
Downloads 563 (53,819)
Citation 5

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legal theory, institutions, law and development, constitutional law, law merchant, coordination games

11.

Legal Barriers to Innovation: The Growing Economic Cost of Professional Control Over Corporate Legal Markets

Stanford Law Review, Vol. 60, p. 102, April 2008, Univ. of Southern California Center in Law, Economics and Organization Research Paper No. C08-7, USC Legal Studies Research Paper No. 08-8
Number of pages: 47 Posted: 12 Mar 2008 Last Revised: 16 Nov 2013
Gillian K. Hadfield
University of Toronto
Downloads 542 (56,560)
Citation 2

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innovation, legal profession, legal markets, regulation, antitrust, judicial independence, legal independence

12.
Downloads 484 ( 65,143)
Citation 14

On Public Versus Private Provision of Corporate Law

USC Law and Economics Research Paper No. 04-18, USC CLEO Research Paper No. C04-13
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 24 Aug 2004 Last Revised: 17 Nov 2013
Gillian K. Hadfield and Eric L. Talley
University of Toronto and Columbia University - School of Law
Downloads 447 (71,132)
Citation 2

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On Public Versus Private Provision of Corporate Law

The Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization, Vol. 22, No. 2, pp. 414-441, 2006
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 29 Feb 2008 Last Revised: 18 Mar 2011
Gillian K. Hadfield and Eric L. Talley
University of Toronto and Columbia University - School of Law
Downloads 37 (494,262)

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On Public Versus Private Provision of Corporate Law

Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization, Vol. 22, No. 2, Fall 2006
Posted: 23 Feb 2006
Gillian K. Hadfield and Eric L. Talley
University of Toronto and Columbia University - School of Law

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13.

Rational Reasonableness: Toward a Positive Theory of Public Reason

Law & Ethics of Human Rights Vol 6, 2012, USC CLEO Research Paper No. C11-3, USC Law Legal Studies Paper No. 11-8
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 22 Mar 2011 Last Revised: 12 Nov 2013
Gillian K. Hadfield and Stephen Macedo
University of Toronto and Princeton University, Politics and Human Values
Downloads 414 (78,751)
Citation 3

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public reason, coordination, political liberalism, legal order, collective punishment, common knowledge, trust, deliberation, deliberative democracy, justice, liberalism

Downloads 225 (151,381)
Citation 7

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Downloads 189 (178,489)
Citation 3

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15.

Levers of Legal Design: Institutional Determinants of the Quality of Law

USC CLEO Research Paper No. C07-8, USC Law Legal Studies Paper No. 07-6
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 31 May 2007
Gillian K. Hadfield
University of Toronto
Downloads 373 (88,855)
Citation 9

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common law, civil code, comparative law, legal origins, evolution of law, institutions

16.

Is Rule of Law an Equilibrium Without Private Ordering?

USC CLASS Research Papers Series No. CLASS16-16, USC Law Legal Studies Paper No. 16-18, Stanford Law and Economics Olin Working Paper No. 493
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 29 May 2016 Last Revised: 08 Dec 2016
Gillian K. Hadfield and Barry R. Weingast
University of Toronto and Stanford University, Department of Political Science
Downloads 364 (91,345)

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Rule of law, what-is-law, private ordering, decentralized enforcement

17.

The Quality of Law: Judicial Incentives, Legal Human Capital and the Evolution of Law

University of Southern California CLEO Research Paper No. C07-3
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 07 Mar 2007
Gillian K. Hadfield
University of Toronto
Downloads 334 (100,688)
Citation 5

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Feminism, Fairness, and Welfare: An Invitation to Feminist Law and Economics

Annual Review of Law and Social Science, Vol. 1, p. 285, 2005, USC CLEO Research Paper No. C05-15, USC Law Legal Studies Paper No. 05-22
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 11 Nov 2005
Gillian K. Hadfield
University of Toronto
Downloads 329 (101,749)

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welfare economics, care, justice, efficiency, normative, ethics

Feminism, Fairness, and Welfare: An Invitation to Feminist Law and Economics

Annual Review of Law and Social Science (2005), Vol. 1, pp. 285-306, 2005
Posted: 18 Oct 2010
Gillian K. Hadfield
University of Toronto

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19.

Scaffolding: Using Formal Contracts to Build Informal Relations in Support of Innovation

USC CLASS Research Paper No. C12-3, USC Law Legal Studies Paper No. 12-6
Number of pages: 63 Posted: 14 Jan 2012 Last Revised: 27 Feb 2015
Iva Bozovic and Gillian K. Hadfield
University of Southern California - School of International Relations and University of Toronto
Downloads 316 (107,137)
Citation 12

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relational contracts, innovation, reputation, coordination, non-contractual practices, formal contracts, informal enforcement

20.

Life in the Law-Thick World: The Legal Resource Landscape for Ordinary Americans

In S. Estreicher and J Radice (eds) Beyond Elite Law: Access to Civil Justice in America (Cambridge University Press 2016), USC CLASS Research Papers Series No. CLASS15-2, USC Law Legal Studies Paper No. 15-2
Number of pages: 40 Posted: 09 Jan 2015 Last Revised: 19 May 2016
Gillian K. Hadfield and Jamie Heine
University of Toronto and Independent
Downloads 304 (111,661)
Citation 3

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21.

Legal Barriers to Innovation

Regulation, Vol. 31, No. 3, Fall 2008, USC Legal Studies Research Paper Series No. 09-5, USC CLEO Research Paper No. C09-5
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 27 Oct 2008 Last Revised: 12 Nov 2013
Gillian K. Hadfield
University of Toronto
Downloads 304 (111,661)

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innovation, corporate legal markets, law, legal barriers, bar association, regulation, monopoly, self-regulation, legal market, barriers to entry

22.

Law without the State: Legal Attributes and the Coordination of Decentralized Collective Punishment

Journal of Law and Courts, Vol 1, 3-34, Forthcoming, USC Law Legal Studies Paper No. 13-11, USC CLEO Research Paper No. C13-10
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 07 Apr 2013 Last Revised: 11 Nov 2013
Gillian K. Hadfield and Barry R. Weingast
University of Toronto and Stanford University, Department of Political Science
Downloads 271 (126,071)
Citation 2

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legal order, rule of law, coordination, collective punishment

23.

How to Regulate Legal Services to Promote Access, Innovation, and the Quality of Lawyering

Hastings Law Journal, Forthcoming, USC CLASS Research Papers Series No. CLASS16-6, USC Law Legal Studies Paper No. 16-7
Number of pages: 53 Posted: 17 Feb 2016
Gillian K. Hadfield and Deborah Rhode
University of Toronto and Stanford Law School
Downloads 262 (130,632)

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24.

Building Legal Order in Ancient Athens

Journal of Legal Analysis Advance Access, July 12, 2015, USC CLASS Research Papers Series No. CLASS15-1, USC Law Legal Studies Paper No. 15-1, Stanford Law and Economics Olin Working Paper No. 479
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 09 Jan 2015 Last Revised: 20 Oct 2015
Federica Carugati, Gillian K. Hadfield and Barry R. Weingast
Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences at Stanford University, University of Toronto and Stanford University, Department of Political Science
Downloads 258 (132,787)

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law, legal history, law and economics, postive political theory and the law

25.

Framing the Choice between Cash and the Courthouse: Experiences with the 9/11 Victim Compensation Fund

Law and Society Review, Forthcoming, USC CLEO Research Paper No. C08-8, USC Law Legal Studies Paper No. 08-9
Number of pages: 66 Posted: 12 Mar 2008 Last Revised: 13 Nov 2013
Gillian K. Hadfield
University of Toronto
Downloads 246 (139,304)

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September 11, 9/11, civil litigation, settlement, alternative dispute resolution, participatory democracy, tort law, tort reform, law and courts

26.

The Cost of Law: Promoting Access to Justice through the Corporate Practice of Law

USC CLEO Research Paper No. C12-16, USC Law Legal Studies Paper No. 12-26
Number of pages: 62 Posted: 02 Dec 2012
Gillian K. Hadfield
University of Toronto
Downloads 239 (143,208)
Citation 8

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27.

The Strategy of Methodology: The Virtues of Being Reductionist for Comparative Law

University of Toronto Law Journal, Vol. 59, p. 223, 2009, USC CLEO Research Paper No. C09-14, USC Law Legal Studies Paper No. 09-27
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 28 May 2009 Last Revised: 12 Nov 2013
Gillian K. Hadfield
University of Toronto
Downloads 228 (149,885)
Citation 2

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28.

Innovating to Improve Access: Changing the Way Courts Regulate Legal Markets

Daedalus, Forthcoming, USC CLASS Research Papers Series No. CLASS14-18, USC Legal Studies Research Papers Series No. 14-19
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 03 Apr 2014 Last Revised: 26 Apr 2014
Gillian K. Hadfield
University of Toronto
Downloads 223 (153,093)
Citation 1

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29.

The Levers of Legal Design: Institutional Determinants of the Quality of Law

Journal of Comparative Economics, 2008, USC CLEO Research Paper No. C08-9, USC Law Legal Studies Paper No. 08-10
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 12 Mar 2008 Last Revised: 16 Nov 2013
Gillian K. Hadfield
University of Toronto
Downloads 223 (153,093)

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legal origins, compartive law, civil code, common law, legal evolution, institutions

30.

Equipping the Garage Guys in Law

Maryland Law Review, Vol. 70, No. 1, 2011, USC CLEO Research Paper No. C11-5, USC Law Legal Studies Paper No. 11-11
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 06 Apr 2011 Last Revised: 12 Nov 2013
Gillian K. Hadfield
University of Toronto
Downloads 221 (154,397)

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31.
Downloads 210 (161,870)
Citation 5

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32.

Collective Punishment: A Coordination Account of Legal Order

USC CLEO Research Paper No. C11-4, USC Law Legal Studies Paper No. 11-9
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 19 Mar 2011 Last Revised: 12 Nov 2013
Gillian K. Hadfield and Barry R. Weingast
University of Toronto and Stanford University, Department of Political Science
Downloads 202 (167,937)

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legal order, rule of law, concept of law, collective punishment, coordination, focal points, coercion

33.

Producing Law for Innovation

KAUFFMAN TASK FORCE ON LAW, INNOVATION AND GROWTH, RULES FOR GROWTH, Forthcoming , USC CLEO Research Paper No. C10-18, USC Law Legal Studies Paper No. 10-21
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 11 Nov 2010 Last Revised: 12 Nov 2013
Gillian K. Hadfield
University of Toronto
Downloads 193 (175,220)
Citation 1

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legal profession, legal markets, regulation of lawyers, innovation

34.

Higher Demand, Lower Supply? A Comparative Assessment of the Legal Resource Landscape for Ordinary Americans

Fordham Urban Law Journal, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 28 May 2009 Last Revised: 13 Oct 2009
Gillian K. Hadfield
University of Toronto
Downloads 189 (178,585)
Citation 2

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35.

The September 11th Victim Compensation Fund: 'An Unprecedented Experiment in American Democracy'

Number of pages: 25 Posted: 25 Mar 2005
Gillian K. Hadfield
University of Toronto
Downloads 180 (186,459)

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36.

The Role of International Law Firms and Multijural Human Capital in the Harmonization of Legal Regimes

MULTIJURALISM: MANIFESTATIONS, CAUSES AND CONSEQUENCES, Albert Breton, Anne Des Ormeaux, Katharina Pistor, and Pierre Salmon, eds., 2010
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 27 Jan 2007 Last Revised: 16 Nov 2013
Gillian K. Hadfield
University of Toronto
Downloads 156 (210,867)

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37.

Privatizing Law: Is Rule of Law an Equilibrium without Private Ordering?

USC CLASS Research Paper No. CLASS17-25, USC Law Legal Studies Paper No. 17-24
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 23 Oct 2017 Last Revised: 06 Nov 2017
Gillian K. Hadfield and Barry R. Weingast
University of Toronto and Stanford University, Department of Political Science
Downloads 151 (216,641)
Citation 1

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Law, Law and Economics, What Is Law, Legal Theory

38.

Incomplete Contracting and AI Alignment

USC CLASS Research Papers Series No. CLASS18-10, USC Legal Studies Research Papers Series No. 18-10
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 19 Apr 2018
Dylan Hadfield-Menell and Gillian K. Hadfield
University of California, Berkeley - Department of Electrical Engineering & Computer Sciences (EECS) and University of Toronto
Downloads 128 (247,017)
Citation 6

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39.

The Public and the Private in the Provision of Law for Global Transactions

CONTRACTUAL CERTAINTY IN INTERNATIONAL TRADE: EMPIRICAL STUDIES AND THEORETICAL DEBATES ON INSTITUTIONAL SUPPORT FOR GLOBAL ECONOMIC EXCHANGES OXFORD, Volkmar Gessner, ed., Hart Publishing, 2009, USC Center for Law and Economics Research Paper No. C09-15, USC Legal Studies Research Paper No. 09-28
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 28 May 2009 Last Revised: 13 Oct 2009
Gillian K. Hadfield
University of Toronto
Downloads 119 (260,942)

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private legal systems, globalization, international trade, common law, civil code

40.

Democracy, Courts and the Information Order

European Journal of Sociology, 54 (2013) pp. 67-95, USC Law Legal Studies Paper No. 13-12, USC CLEO Research Paper No. C13-11
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 20 May 2013 Last Revised: 11 Nov 2013
Gillian K. Hadfield and Dan Ryan
University of Toronto and University of Toronto, Faculty of Information
Downloads 90 (315,063)

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sociology of information, democracy, information order, civil litigation, access to justice, participatory democracy, civil procedure

41.

Of Sovereignty and Contract: Damages for Breach of Contract by Government

Southern California Interdisciplinary Law Journal, 1999
Posted: 19 Mar 1999
Gillian K. Hadfield
University of Toronto

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