Christos Makridis

Stanford University

Stanford, CA 94305

United States

Columbia University - Columbia Business School

3022 Broadway

New York, NY 10027

United States

Arizona State University (ASU)

Farmer Building 440G PO Box 872011

Tempe, AZ 85287

United States

Department of Veterans Affairs (VA)

810 Vermont Avenue NW

Washington, DC 20420

United States

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

85

DOWNLOADS
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SSRN RANKINGS

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in Total Papers Downloads

23,698

SSRN CITATIONS
Rank 6,180

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 6,180

in Total Papers Citations

154

CROSSREF CITATIONS

59

Ideas:
“  My research focuses on producing ideas at the intersection of labor economics, the digital economy, and human flourishing.  ”

Scholarly Papers (85)

1.

Partisanship and Policy on an Emerging Issue: Mass and Elite Responses to COVID-19 as the Pandemic Evolved

Number of pages: 54 Posted: 30 Jun 2020 Last Revised: 25 Jul 2022
Princeton University - Department of Political SciencePrinceton University - Department of Political Science, Gallup and Stanford University
Downloads 3,851 (3,854)
Citation 37

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Beliefs, Coronavirus and COVID-19, Economic Disruption, Expectations, Partisanship, Political Affiliation, Social Distancing

2.

The Cost of COVID-19: A Rough Estimate of the 2020 US GDP Impact

Special Edition Policy Brief
Number of pages: 7 Posted: 07 Apr 2020
Christos Makridis and Jonathan Hartley
Stanford University and Stanford University
Downloads 1,875 (12,546)
Citation 18

Abstract:

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GDP, economic indicators, healthcare, coronavirus, coronavirus pandemic, COVID-19, public health, economics, quarantine, economy, economic crisis

3.
Downloads 1,692 ( 14,780)
Citation 15

Did the Paycheck Protection Program Hit the Target?

Number of pages: 121 Posted: 26 Apr 2020 Last Revised: 22 Sep 2021
Joao Granja, Christos Makridis, Constantine Yannelis and Eric Zwick
University of Chicago - Booth School of Business, Stanford University, University of Chicago, Booth School of Business, Finance, Students and University of Chicago - Finance
Downloads 1,389 (19,523)
Citation 5

Abstract:

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PPP, stimulus, loan guarantees, CARES, COVID-19, coronavirus

Did the Paycheck Protection Program Hit the Target?

University of Chicago, Becker Friedman Institute for Economics Working Paper No. 2020-52
Number of pages: 122 Posted: 27 Apr 2020 Last Revised: 28 Sep 2021
Joao Granja, Christos Makridis, Constantine Yannelis and Eric Zwick
University of Chicago - Booth School of Business, Stanford University, University of Chicago, Booth School of Business, Finance, Students and University of Chicago - Finance
Downloads 230 (185,307)
Citation 2

Abstract:

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Did the Paycheck Protection Program Hit the Target?

NBER Working Paper No. w27095
Number of pages: 122 Posted: 05 May 2020 Last Revised: 22 Jul 2022
Joao Granja, Christos Makridis, Constantine Yannelis and Eric Zwick
University of Chicago - Booth School of Business, Stanford University, University of Chicago and University of Chicago - Finance
Downloads 73 (442,588)
Citation 6

Abstract:

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4.

The Distribution of Non-Wage Benefits: Maternity Benefits and Gender Diversity

Kenan Institute of Private Enterprise Research Paper No. 3088067
Number of pages: 77 Posted: 19 Dec 2017 Last Revised: 16 May 2022
Tim Liu, Christos Makridis, Paige Ouimet and Elena Simintzi
University of Utahaffiliation not provided to SSRN, Stanford University, University of North Carolina (UNC) at Chapel Hill - Kenan-Flagler Business School and University of North Carolina Kenan-Flagler Business School
Downloads 893 (37,790)
Citation 9

Abstract:

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Non-Wage Compensation, Compensation, Corporate Finance

5.

Are School Reopening Decisions Related to Union Influence?

Number of pages: 25 Posted: 01 Sep 2020
Corey DeAngelis and Christos Makridis
American Federation for Children and Stanford University
Downloads 788 (44,756)
Citation 4

Abstract:

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Collective Bargaining, Coronavirus, COVID-19, Reopening, School Closures, Unions

6.

The Fiscal Cost of COVID-19: Evidence from the States

Number of pages: 31 Posted: 15 Jun 2020 Last Revised: 20 Jul 2020
Christos Makridis and Robert McNab
Stanford University and Department of Economics
Downloads 701 (52,331)
Citation 2

Abstract:

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Budgets, COVID-19, Employment, State and Local Tax Policy

7.

The Cost of COVID-19: A Rough Estimate of the 2020 U.S. GDP

Number of pages: 6 Posted: 23 Mar 2020 Last Revised: 27 Apr 2020
Christos Makridis and Jonathan Hartley
Stanford University and Stanford University
Downloads 658 (56,765)
Citation 4

Abstract:

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coronavirus, COVID-19, real GDP, economic growth

8.

House Prices and Consumption: A New Instrumental Variables Approach

Number of pages: 58 Posted: 12 Dec 2018 Last Revised: 19 Jun 2021
James Graham and Christos Makridis
The University of Sydney - School of Economics and Stanford University
Downloads 613 (62,164)
Citation 4

Abstract:

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Consumption; House Prices; Marginal Propensity to Consume; Instrumental Variables; Bartik Instrument

Ties that Bind (and Social Distance): How Social Capital Helps Communities Weather the COVID-19 Pandemic

Number of pages: 35 Posted: 04 May 2020 Last Revised: 13 Aug 2020
Christos Makridis and Cary Wu
Stanford University and York University
Downloads 507 (78,056)
Citation 2

Abstract:

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coronavirus, COVID-19, public health, social capital, social distancing, trust

Ties That Bind (and Social Distance): How Social Capital Helps Communities Weather the COVID-19 Pandemic

Number of pages: 19 Posted: 06 May 2020
Christos Makridis and Cary Wu
Stanford University and York University
Downloads 93 (382,865)
Citation 3

Abstract:

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COVID-19, expectations, social capital, social distancing

Firm Reputation Following Financial Misconduct: Evidence from Employee Ratings

Number of pages: 53 Posted: 26 Oct 2018 Last Revised: 25 Oct 2019
Yuqing Zhou and Christos Makridis
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Anderson School of Management, Students and Stanford University
Downloads 338 (125,123)
Citation 2

Abstract:

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Financial Misconduct, Firm Reputation, Employee Ratings

Financial Misconduct and Changes in Employee Satisfaction

Number of pages: 57 Posted: 18 Oct 2019 Last Revised: 23 Oct 2019
Yuqing Zhou and Christos Makridis
University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Anderson School of Management, Students and Stanford University
Downloads 232 (183,742)
Citation 3

Abstract:

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Financial Misconduct, Employee Satisfaction, Misconduct Predicting

11.

Does Working from Home Increase Job Satisfaction and Retention? Evidence from the COVID-19 Pandemic

Georgetown McDonough School of Business Research Paper No. 4016657
Number of pages: 51 Posted: 25 Jan 2022 Last Revised: 13 May 2022
Christos Makridis and Jason D. Schloetzer
Stanford University and Georgetown University - McDonough School of Business
Downloads 519 (76,618)

Abstract:

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flexible work arrangements; remote work; job satisfaction; employee retention; employee turnover; corporate culture

12.

Learning from Friends in a Pandemic: Social Networks and the Macroeconomic Response of Consumption

Number of pages: 81 Posted: 17 May 2020 Last Revised: 11 Aug 2022
Christos Makridis and Tao Wang
Stanford University and Department of Economics, Johns Hopkins University
Downloads 496 (81,032)
Citation 2

Abstract:

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Aggregate Demand, Consumption, Coronavirus, COVID-19, Expectations, Peer Effects, Social Networks

13.

Do Right-to-Work Laws Work? Evidence from Individual Well-Being and Economic Sentiment

Number of pages: 57 Posted: 03 Jan 2018 Last Revised: 24 Jun 2019
Christos Makridis
Stanford University
Downloads 475 (85,297)
Citation 5

Abstract:

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right-to-work, sentiment, union, well-being, welfare

14.

Is Hybrid Work the Best of Both Worlds? Evidence from a Field Experiment

Harvard Business School Technology & Operations Mgt. Unit Working Paper No. 22-063, Harvard Business School Strategy Unit Working Paper No. 22-063
Number of pages: 86 Posted: 28 Mar 2022
Harvard University - Business School (HBS), Harvard University - Business School (HBS), Stanford University and Harvard Business School
Downloads 465 (87,554)

Abstract:

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Hybrid Work, Remote Work, Work-from-Home, Field Experiment

15.

Religious, Civil, and Economic Freedoms: What's the Chicken and What's the Egg?

Number of pages: 45 Posted: 01 May 2021
Christos Makridis
Stanford University
Downloads 455 (89,767)

Abstract:

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Economic Development, Economic Freedom, Human Flourishing, Religious Liberty

16.

Extreme Local Temperatures Lower Expressed Sentiment About U.S. Economic Conditions With Implications For The Stock Returns Of Local Firms

Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Finance
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 05 Jan 2018 Last Revised: 07 Jul 2022
Christos Makridis and Jason D. Schloetzer
Stanford University and Georgetown University - McDonough School of Business
Downloads 400 (104,222)
Citation 8

Abstract:

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Economic sentiment, Capital markets, Asset prices, Limited attention, Investor psychology, Climate

17.

Measuring the Economic Effects of Data Breaches on Firm Outcomes: Challenges and Opportunities

Number of pages: 33 Posted: 02 Oct 2017 Last Revised: 30 Mar 2018
Christos Makridis and Benjamin Dean
Stanford University and Columbia University - School of International & Public Affairs (SIPA)
Downloads 395 (105,748)
Citation 4

Abstract:

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Cyber Crime, Data Breaches, Productivity, Information Security

18.

The Rise of Decentralized Cryptocurrency Exchanges: Evaluating the Role of Airdrops and Governance Tokens

Number of pages: 42 Posted: 03 Oct 2021 Last Revised: 07 Dec 2021
Christos Makridis, Michael Froewis, Kiran Sridhar and Rainer Böhme
Stanford University, University of Innsbruck, Stanford University and University of Innsbruck
Downloads 344 (123,427)

Abstract:

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Airdrops, Blockchain, Decentralized Exchanges, Decentralized Finance, Expectations, Smart Contracts

19.

Stuck in the Seventies: Gas Prices and Consumer Sentiment

Number of pages: 38 Posted: 26 Oct 2018 Last Revised: 28 Jan 2020
Carola Binder and Christos Makridis
Haverford College - Department of Economics and Stanford University
Downloads 331 (128,704)
Citation 6

Abstract:

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Consumer sentiment, macroeconomic expectations, selective attention, gas prices, behavioral macroeconomics

20.

(How) Does Artificial Intelligence Raise Well-being? Evidence from Cities in the United States

Number of pages: 34 Posted: 02 Oct 2020 Last Revised: 29 Dec 2020
Christos Makridis and Saurabh Mishra
Stanford University and Stanford University, Human-centered AI Institute
Downloads 330 (129,107)

Abstract:

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artificial intelligence, economic growth, industrial composition, subjective well-being, social welfare, structural change

The Impact of COVID-19 on the U.S. Child Care Market: Evidence from Stay-at-Home Orders

Number of pages: 35 Posted: 14 May 2020 Last Revised: 24 Jul 2020
Umair Ali, Chris M. Herbst and Christos Makridis
Arizona State University (ASU) - School of Public Affairs, Arizona State University (ASU) - School of Public Affairs and Stanford University
Downloads 245 (174,269)
Citation 8

Abstract:

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Child care, Coronavirus, COVID-19, Early Care and Education, Stay-at-Home Orders

The Impact of Covid-19 on the U.S. Child Care Market: Evidence from Stay-at-Home Orders

IZA Discussion Paper No. 13261
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 23 May 2020
Umair Ali, Chris M. Herbst and Christos Makridis
Arizona State University (ASU) - School of Public Affairs, Arizona State University (ASU) - School of Public Affairs and Stanford University
Downloads 85 (404,971)

Abstract:

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child care, coronavirus, COVID-19, early care and education, stay-at-home orders

22.

Are School Reopening Decisions Related to Funding? Evidence from Over 12,000 Districts During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Number of pages: 22 Posted: 10 Mar 2021 Last Revised: 27 Sep 2021
Corey DeAngelis and Christos Makridis
American Federation for Children and Stanford University
Downloads 306 (139,743)

Abstract:

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school reopening, school closures, COVID-19, school funding, economics of education

23.

(Why) Is There a Public/Private Pay Gap?

Number of pages: 33 Posted: 02 Aug 2018 Last Revised: 20 Jan 2020
Christos Makridis
Stanford University
Downloads 289 (148,364)

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careers, development and training, earnings, management, public-private pay gap

24.

The Effect of Economic Sentiment on Consumption: Evidence from Social Networks

Number of pages: 59 Posted: 28 Dec 2017 Last Revised: 04 Apr 2022
Christos Makridis
Stanford University
Downloads 281 (152,553)
Citation 11

Abstract:

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Beliefs, Business Cycles, Consumption, Economic Sentiment, Social Networks

25.

Does Culture Pay? Evidence from Crowdsourced Employee Engagement Data

Number of pages: 78 Posted: 24 Jun 2017 Last Revised: 26 Dec 2018
Christos Makridis
Stanford University
Downloads 262 (163,757)

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Organizational practices, job satisfaction, turnover, compensating differentials, productivity

26.

Future of Work and Employee Empowerment: Evidence from a Decade of Technological Change

Number of pages: 40 Posted: 05 Feb 2020 Last Revised: 24 May 2021
Christos Makridis and Joo Han
Stanford University and Rutgers University
Downloads 260 (165,023)
Citation 1

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Employee Attitudes; Employee Engagement; Technological Change; Well-being

27.

The Effects of School Closures on Homeschooling and Mental Health: Evidence from the COVID-19 Pandemic

Number of pages: 49 Posted: 10 Jan 2022 Last Revised: 27 Feb 2022
Christos Makridis, Clara Piano and Corey DeAngelis
Stanford University, Samford University and American Federation for Children
Downloads 242 (176,887)

Abstract:

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COVID-19, Homeschooling, Hybrid and Remote Instruction, Unions, School Closures

28.

Will You Be Mine? Marriage as a Protective Factor During the Pandemic

Number of pages: 34 Posted: 04 Aug 2020
Clara Jace and Christos Makridis
George Mason University, Department of Economics and Stanford University
Downloads 231 (184,965)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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Coronavirus, Employment, Family, Marriage, Mental Health, Wages

29.

The Social Value of a Ridesharing Platform: A Hedonic Pricing Approach

TPRC48: The 48th Research Conference on Communication, Information and Internet Policy
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 02 Jan 2019 Last Revised: 16 Jun 2021
Christos Makridis and Yongwook Paik
Stanford University and KAIST College of Business, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST)
Downloads 223 (191,223)

Abstract:

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social value, platform, sharing economy, hedonic pricing, ridesharing, Uber

30.

Moving to Opportunity? The Geography of the Foreclosure Crisis and the Importance of Location

Journal of Economic Geography (2021)
Number of pages: 86 Posted: 02 May 2018 Last Revised: 06 Jul 2021
Christos Makridis and Michael Ohlrogge
Stanford University and New York University School of Law
Downloads 222 (192,072)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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foreclosure, financial crisis, mobility, unemployment

31.

The Local Effects of Foreclosures

Number of pages: 108 Posted: 14 Jun 2017 Last Revised: 26 Dec 2019
Christos Makridis and Michael Ohlrogge
Stanford University and New York University School of Law
Downloads 214 (198,801)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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Employment, Foreclosures, Labor Markets, Mortgages, Uncertainty

32.

Do Data Breaches Damage Reputation? Evidence from 43 Companies Between 2002 and 2018

Number of pages: 23 Posted: 05 Jun 2020 Last Revised: 05 May 2021
Christos Makridis
Stanford University
Downloads 212 (200,524)

Abstract:

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Brand, Cyber-security, Data Breach, Intangible Capital, Reputation

33.

Defining 'Reasonable' Cybersecurity: Lessons from the States

Number of pages: 51 Posted: 10 Sep 2021 Last Revised: 25 Feb 2022
Scott Shackelford, Anne Boustead and Christos Makridis
Indiana University - Kelley School of Business - Department of Business Law, University of Arizona - School of Government and Public Policy and Stanford University
Downloads 203 (208,787)

Abstract:

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cybersecurity, safe harbor

34.

Does Religious Affiliation Protect People's Well-being? Evidence from the Great Recession After Correcting for Selection Effects

Number of pages: 34 Posted: 03 Aug 2019 Last Revised: 15 Jul 2020
Christos Makridis, Byron Johnson and Harold Koenig
Stanford University, Baylor University - Institute for Studies of Religion and Duke University
Downloads 193 (218,473)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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Well-being, life satisfaction, social capital, business cycle, financial circumstances

35.

On the Cyclicality of Real Wages and Employment: New Evidence and Stylized Facts from Performance Pay and Fixed Wage Jobs

Number of pages: 80 Posted: 14 Aug 2017 Last Revised: 23 Oct 2020
Christos Makridis and Maury Gittleman
Stanford University and Bureau of Labor Statistics
Downloads 193 (218,473)
Citation 3

Abstract:

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business cycle, compensation, employment, incentives, pay for performance

36.

Rise of the 'Quants' in Financial Services: Regulation and Crowding Out of Routine Jobs

Number of pages: 53 Posted: 08 Aug 2018 Last Revised: 28 Aug 2020
Christos Makridis and Alberto G. Rossi
Stanford University and Georgetown University
Downloads 173 (240,078)

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fintech, financial services, STEM workers, regulation, STEM

37.

The Rise of Mobile Banking and the Displacement of Brick-and-Mortar Branches, 2014-2019

Number of pages: 26 Posted: 21 Apr 2021
Hugo Dante and Christos Makridis
George Mason University and Stanford University
Downloads 168 (246,018)

Abstract:

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bank closures, fintech, mobile banking, online banking

38.

Do Product Market Reforms Raise Innovation? Evidence from Micro-data Across 12 Countries

Number of pages: 58 Posted: 01 May 2019 Last Revised: 07 Jul 2020
Anastasia Litina, Christos Makridis and Georgios Tsiachtsiras
University of Ioannina, Stanford University and University of Barcelona
Downloads 156 (261,816)
Citation 2

Abstract:

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competition; digital economy; product market reforms; innovation; regulation; research & development

39.

Foreclosure Spillovers and Individual Well-Being: Evidence from the Great Recession

Real Estate Economics
Number of pages: 60 Posted: 21 Jun 2017 Last Revised: 06 Jul 2021
Christos Makridis and Michael Ohlrogge
Stanford University and New York University School of Law
Downloads 154 (264,498)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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foreclosures, housing market, life satisfaction, well-being

40.

Structural Transformation and the Rise of Information Technology

Prepared for the Carnegie-Rochester-NYU Conference Series on Public Policy, 2017
Number of pages: 71 Posted: 16 Oct 2017 Last Revised: 19 Feb 2018
Giovanni Gallipoli and Christos Makridis
Vancouver School of Economics, UBC and Stanford University
Downloads 150 (270,167)
Citation 13

Abstract:

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information technology, productivity, skill premia, structural transformation

41.

Do Managers Matter? A Natural Experiment from 42 R&D Labs in India

Number of pages: 53 Posted: 27 Mar 2018 Last Revised: 22 May 2019
Prithwiraj Choudhury, Tarun Khanna and Christos Makridis
Harvard University - Business School (HBS), Harvard University - Strategy Unit and Stanford University
Downloads 131 (300,189)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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incentives, innovation, management, productivity, research and development

42.

Refined by Fire: The Great Depression and Entrepreneurship

Number of pages: 46 Posted: 14 May 2019 Last Revised: 03 Apr 2020
Christos Makridis and Erin McGuire
Stanford University and Mondelez International
Downloads 129 (303,750)
Citation 3

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Entrepreneurship; Growth; Great Depression; Behavioral Finance

43.

Abnormal Returns and Dispersion in Cybersecurity Exposure

Number of pages: 24 Posted: 19 Feb 2021
Tim Liu and Christos Makridis
University of Utahaffiliation not provided to SSRN and Stanford University
Downloads 125 (310,918)

Abstract:

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Abnormal Returns, Asset Pricing, Cybersecurity, Data Breach, Stock Market

Identifying Critical Infrastructure in a World with Network Cybersecurity Risk

Georgia Tech Scheller College of Business Research Paper No. 3898193, TPRC49: The 49th Research Conference on Communication, Information and Internet Policy
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 05 Aug 2021
Christos Makridis and Deven R. Desai
Stanford University and Georgia Institute of Technology - Scheller College of Business
Downloads 77 (429,549)

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Identifying Critical Infrastructure in a World with Network Cybersecurity Risk

Georgia Tech Scheller College of Business Research Paper No. 3693544
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 05 Oct 2020 Last Revised: 03 Sep 2021
Deven R. Desai and Christos Makridis
Georgia Institute of Technology - Scheller College of Business and Stanford University
Downloads 46 (553,423)

Abstract:

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Cybersecurity, data breach, input-output linkages, supply chain

45.

Determinants of Cyber Readiness

Number of pages: 22 Posted: 07 Aug 2018
Christos Makridis and Max Smeets
Stanford University and Stanford University - Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies
Downloads 122 (316,487)

Abstract:

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cyber security, cyber readiness, information technology, productivity

46.

The Role of Music and Other Arts in Early Childhood Education

Number of pages: 27 Posted: 23 Feb 2022
Stanford University, Yale University, Stanford University, University of Michigan at Ann Arbor and Living Opera
Downloads 114 (331,974)

Abstract:

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childhood development, early childhood, arts education, music education, cognitive skills, non-cognitive skills

47.

(Why) Are Housing Costs Rising?

Number of pages: 29 Posted: 09 Feb 2019 Last Revised: 12 Feb 2019
Christos Makridis
Stanford University
Downloads 106 (348,957)

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housing affordability, labor costs, regulation, wages

48.

Housing Market Regulation and Labor Market Dynamism

Number of pages: 27 Posted: 20 May 2018 Last Revised: 15 Jul 2019
Christos Makridis
Stanford University
Downloads 106 (348,957)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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cost of living, housing market regulation, labor market dynamism, turnover

Do Monetary Policy Announcements Shift Household Expectations?

FRB of New York Staff Report No. 897, September 2019
Number of pages: 67 Posted: 09 Sep 2019 Last Revised: 22 Jan 2020
Daniel J. Lewis, Christos Makridis, Karel Mertens and Karel Mertens
Federal Reserve Banks - Federal Reserve Bank of New York, Stanford University and FRB DallasFederal Reserve Banks - Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas
Downloads 102 (360,581)
Citation 6

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monetary policy shocks, central bank communication, information rigidities, consumer confidence, high-frequency identification

Do Monetary Policy Announcements Shift Household Expectations?

CEPR Discussion Paper No. DP14360
Number of pages: 69 Posted: 11 Feb 2020
Karel Mertens, Karel Mertens, Daniel J. Lewis and Christos Makridis
FRB DallasFederal Reserve Banks - Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, Federal Reserve Banks - Federal Reserve Bank of New York and Stanford University
Downloads 2 (915,112)
Citation 1
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Abstract:

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central bank communication, consumer con dence, high frequency identi cation, informational rigidities, monetary policy shocks

50.

Do Data Breaches Damage Reputation? Evidence from 45 Companies Between 2002 and 2018

TPRC49: The 49th Research Conference on Communication, Information and Internet Policy
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 14 Jul 2021
Christos Makridis
Stanford University
Downloads 101 (360,279)

Abstract:

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Brand, cybersecurity, data breach, intangible capital, reputation

51.

Is Recycling Effective? Evidence from California between 2004 and 2017

Number of pages: 33 Posted: 07 Aug 2018 Last Revised: 18 Feb 2020
Christos Makridis
Stanford University
Downloads 93 (379,696)

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Recycling and Conservation, Tiebout Sorting, Energy Consumption, Environmental Quality, Public Policy

52.

Perception of Digital Risks: Evidence from 54 Countries

Number of pages: 22 Posted: 08 Dec 2020 Last Revised: 23 Sep 2021
AJ Grotto and Christos Makridis
Stanford University - Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies and Stanford University
Downloads 91 (384,833)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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Cybersecurity, Digital Economy, Digital Risk, Fraud, Misinformation, Online Bullying

53.

COVID-19 Information Treatments Shift Related Policy Preferences and Plans for Consumer Behavior

Number of pages: 56 Posted: 14 Jun 2021 Last Revised: 08 Feb 2022
Gallup, Stanford University, University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) and Franklin Templeton Investments
Downloads 88 (392,823)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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Beliefs, Behavioral Economics, Consumption, COVID-19, Expectations, Information

54.

Human Flourishing and Religious Liberty: Evidence from Over 150 Countries, 2006-2018

Number of pages: 41 Posted: 30 Oct 2019 Last Revised: 25 Nov 2019
Christos Makridis
Stanford University
Downloads 88 (392,823)

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economic development, human flourishing, religious liberty, subjective well being

55.

The Quality of Innovation 'Booms' During 'Busts'

Georgia Tech Scheller College of Business Research Paper No. 3664222
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 09 Aug 2020
Christos Makridis and Erin McGuire
Stanford University and Mondelez International
Downloads 78 (421,669)

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Business Cycles, Financial Constraints, Innovation, Patenting, Research and Development

56.

The Fiscal Cost of COVID-19: Evidence from the States

Mercatus COVID-19 Response Working Paper Series
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 02 Sep 2020
Christos Makridis and Robert McNab
Stanford University and Department of Economics
Downloads 76 (427,942)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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budgets, COVID-19, employment, state and local tax policy

57.

Split Personalities? Behavioral Effects of Temperature on Financial Decision-making

Number of pages: 45 Posted: 22 Apr 2021 Last Revised: 06 Jul 2021
Despina Gavresi, Anastasia Litina and Christos Makridis
University of Ioannina, University of Ioannina and Stanford University
Downloads 74 (434,219)

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Behavioral Finance; Expectations, Financial Decision-making, Optimism, Stocks, Temperature

58.

The Contribution of the Arts and Creative Economy to Social Capital: Evidence from the COVID-19 Pandemic

Number of pages: 26 Posted: 22 Nov 2021
Christos Makridis and Shoshanah Goldberg-Miller
Stanford University and Ohio State University (OSU)
Downloads 72 (440,631)

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Arts, Cities, Cultural Capital, Social Capital, COVID-19

59.

Sectoral Digital Intensity and GDP Growth After a Large Employment Shock: A Simple Extrapolation Exercise

Number of pages: 43 Posted: 06 Aug 2020 Last Revised: 28 Aug 2020
Giovanni Gallipoli and Christos Makridis
Vancouver School of Economics, UBC and Stanford University
Downloads 72 (440,631)
Citation 5

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Output, Digital Intensity, Employment, Canada, Coronavirus, Structural Change

60.

Collective Attention & Politicization of Information: Evidence from News articles on Climate Change

Number of pages: 26 Posted: 22 Mar 2021
Abhishek Samantray, Christos Makridis and Christos Nicolaides
affiliation not provided to SSRN, Stanford University and School of Economics and Management, University of Cyprus
Downloads 71 (443,954)

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attention, climate change, digital platforms, information, politicization, user engagement

61.

Labor Market Earnings of Veterans: Is Time in the Military More Valuable or Less than is Civilian Experience?

Number of pages: 32 Posted: 18 Oct 2019 Last Revised: 04 Aug 2021
Christos Makridis, Barry T. Hirsch and Barry T. Hirsch
Stanford University and IZA Institute of Labor EconomicsGeorgia State University
Downloads 71 (443,954)

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Military veterans, earnings levels and dispersion, work experience, licensing, public sector, occupation growth

62.

Does Housing Make I.T. Boom? The Collateral Channel, Information Technology, and Skilled Labor

Number of pages: 35 Posted: 06 Sep 2017
Christos Makridis, Pei-Yu Chen and Bin Gu
Stanford University, Arizona State University (ASU) - Department of Information Systems and Boston University - Department of Management Information Systems
Downloads 69 (450,778)

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Housing prices, information technology, collateral channel, skill bias

63.

Rise of the “Quants” in Financial Services: Regulation and Crowding Out of Routine Jobs

Mercatus Working Paper Series
Number of pages: 58 Posted: 14 Oct 2020
Christos Makridis and Alberto G. Rossi
Stanford University and Georgetown University
Downloads 62 (475,812)

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fintech, financial services, STEM workers, regulation, STEM

64.

(When) Does Appearance Matter? Evidence from a Randomized Controlled Trial

Number of pages: 48 Posted: 01 Sep 2020 Last Revised: 14 Sep 2020
Harvard University - Business School (HBS), Harvard University - Business School (HBS), Stanford University and Cornell University
Downloads 61 (479,642)

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Behavioral Economics, Coronavirus, Discrmination, Homophily, Labor Market Mobility, Limited Attention, Resumes

65.

Do Monetary Policy Announcements Shift Household Expectations?

FRB of Dallas Working Paper No. 1906
Number of pages: 67 Posted: 22 Oct 2019 Last Revised: 29 Apr 2020
Daniel J. Lewis, Christos Makridis, Karel Mertens and Karel Mertens
Federal Reserve Banks - Federal Reserve Bank of New York, Stanford University and FRB DallasFederal Reserve Banks - Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas
Downloads 52 (515,880)

Abstract:

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Monetary policy shocks, central bank communications, information rigidities, consumer confidence, high frequency identification

66.

Designing COVID-19 Mortality Predictions to Advance Clinical Outcomes: Evidence from the Department of Veterans Affairs

Number of pages: 31 Posted: 21 Dec 2020 Last Revised: 16 Apr 2021
Stanford University, Department of Veterans Affairs (VA), Emory University - Rollins School of Public Health and Department of Veterans Affairs (VA)
Downloads 50 (524,775)

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Artificial Intelligence, Clinical Practice, Coronavirus, Machine Learning, Socio-Demographics, Veterans, Department of Veterans Affairs

67.

Time to Research? The Cyclicality of Time Use in R&D Among Private and Public Sector Workers

Number of pages: 38 Posted: 17 Dec 2017 Last Revised: 10 Jun 2019
Christos Makridis
Stanford University
Downloads 49 (529,186)
Citation 1

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cyclicality, innovation, public and private sector, research & development

68.

Emergency Executive Powers: Not Needed Indefinitely

Mercatus Special Edition Policy Brief
Number of pages: 6 Posted: 05 May 2020
Weifeng Zhong, Christos Makridis and James Diddams
Mercatus Center at George Mason University, Stanford University and Independent
Downloads 46 (542,978)

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healthcare, coronavirus, lockdown, emergency powers, coronavirus pandemic, COVID-19, public health, economics, quarantine, economy, economic crisis

69.

Leveraging Machine Learning to Characterize the Role of Socio-economic Determinants of Physical Health and Well-being Among Veterans

Number of pages: 27 Posted: 14 May 2020 Last Revised: 04 Sep 2020
Christos Makridis, David Zhao, Cosmin (Adi) Bejan and Gil Alterovitz
Stanford University, Stanford University, School of Engineering, Computer Science, Students, Vanderbilt University and Department of Veterans Affairs (VA)
Downloads 45 (547,776)

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Artificial intelligence, machine learning, medical informatics, subjective well-being, veterans

Minimum Quality Regulations and the Demand for Child Care Labor

Number of pages: 43 Posted: 07 Sep 2021
Umair Ali, Chris M. Herbst and Christos Makridis
Arizona State University (ASU) - School of Public Affairs, Arizona State University (ASU) - School of Public Affairs and Stanford University
Downloads 23 (699,615)

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Child Care; Covid-19; Employment; State Regulation; Women

Minimum Quality Regulations and the Demand for Child Care Labor

IZA Discussion Paper No. 14684
Number of pages: 45 Posted: 04 Sep 2021 Last Revised: 19 May 2022
Umair Ali, Chris M. Herbst and Christos Makridis
Arizona State University (ASU) - School of Public Affairs, Arizona State University (ASU) - School of Public Affairs and Stanford University
Downloads 20 (724,971)

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child care, COVID-19, employment, state regulation, women

71.

How Much Does the (Social) Environment Matter? Using Artificial Intelligence to Predict COVID-19 Outcomes with Socio-demographic Data

Number of pages: 8 Posted: 13 Oct 2020
Christos Makridis, Anish Mudide and Gil Alterovitz
Stanford University, Phillips Exeter Academy and Department of Veterans Affairs (VA)
Downloads 43 (557,574)
Citation 2

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Artificial Intelligence, Coronavirus, COVID-19, Machine Learning, Veterans

72.

Using Machine Learning to Understand Veterans' Receipt of Loans in the Paycheck Protection Program

Number of pages: 35 Posted: 08 Nov 2020
Christos Makridis, JD Kelly and Gil Alterovitz
Stanford University, Stanford University and Department of Veterans Affairs (VA)
Downloads 40 (572,823)

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Coronavirus, Entrepreneurship, Paycheck Protection Program, Socio-demographics, Veterans

73.

The (Non)Separability of Air Quality: Evidence from Millions of Households Across the United States

Number of pages: 41 Posted: 13 Nov 2019
Christos Makridis
Stanford University
Downloads 36 (594,312)

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elasticity of air quality; hedonic prices; non-separability; willingness to pay

74.

Integrated Insiders or Alienated Outsiders? How Strong Norms in Organizations Relate to Contractors' Cultural Integration

Number of pages: 62 Posted: 21 Jan 2020
Matthew Corritore and Christos Makridis
McGill University - Desautels Faculty of Management and Stanford University
Downloads 34 (605,683)

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contractors, nonstandard work, organizations, culture

75.

When Houses of Worship Go Empty: The Effects of State Restrictions on Well-being Among Religious Adherents

Number of pages: 53 Posted: 18 Nov 2021 Last Revised: 02 Aug 2022
Christos Makridis
Stanford University
Downloads 31 (623,745)

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COVID-19; Church Restrictions; Religion; State Policy; Well-being

76.

Democratizing Effects of Digital Ledger Technologies: Implications for Economic Mobility

Number of pages: 24 Posted: 23 Jun 2022
Christos Makridis
Stanford University
Downloads 30 (630,111)

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blockchain, distributed ledger technologies, economic mobility, inequality, labor markets

77.

Leveraging Machine Learning to Characterize the Role of Socio-Economic Determinants on Physical Health and Well-Being Among Veterans

Number of pages: 28 Posted: 19 Oct 2020
Christos Makridis, David Zhao, Cosmin (Adi) Bejan and Gil Alterovitz
Stanford University, Stanford University, School of Engineering, Computer Science, Students, Vanderbilt University and Department of Veterans Affairs (VA)
Downloads 19 (710,213)
Citation 2

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Artificial intelligence, machine learning, medical informatics, subjective well-being, veterans

78.

Ethical Applications of Artificial Intelligence: Evidence from Veterans' Health Research

Number of pages: 5 Posted: 29 Apr 2021
Christos Makridis, seth hurley, Molly Klote and Gil Alterovitz
Stanford University, affiliation not provided to SSRN, Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) and Department of Veterans Affairs (VA)
Downloads 18 (718,306)

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Artificial Intelligence, Ethics, Explainability, Risk, Trust, Veterans

79.

How Did Veterans Fare Over the COVID-19 Pandemic? the Role of Health Equity and Access to Care

Johns Hopkins Carey Business School Research Paper No. 22-10
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 24 May 2022 Last Revised: 10 Aug 2022
Christos Makridis, Michael Darden and Gil Alterovitz
Stanford University, Johns Hopkins University - Carey Business School and Department of Veterans Affairs (VA)
Downloads 15 (743,796)

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COVID-19, Earnings, Healthcare, Subjective Well-being, Veterans

80.

The Labor Market Earnings of Veterans: Is Military Experience More or Less Valuable than Civilian Experience?

IZA Discussion Paper No. 14636
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 14 Aug 2021 Last Revised: 19 May 2022
Christos Makridis, Barry T. Hirsch and Barry T. Hirsch
Stanford University and IZA Institute of Labor EconomicsGeorgia State University
Downloads 7 (820,527)

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licensing, work experience, earnings levels and dispersion, military veterans, public sector, occupation growth

81.

Split Personalities? Behavioral Effects of Temperature on Financial Decision-Making

Number of pages: 37 Posted: 11 Aug 2022
Anastasia Litina, Despina Gavresi and Christos Makridis
affiliation not provided to SSRN, University of Ioannina and Stanford University
Downloads 0 (908,664)

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Behavioral Finance, Expectations, Optimism, Stocks, Temperature

82.

Pandemic Response Policies’ Democratizing Effects on Online Learning

Posted: 04 Nov 2020 Last Revised: 03 Feb 2021
René Kizilcec, Christos Makridis and Katharine Sadowski
Cornell University, Stanford University and Cornell University

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Coronavirus, COVID-19, Education, EdTech, Human Capital, Online Learning, Nonessential Business Closures, Stay at Home Orders

83.

Understanding the Impact of COVID-19 Intervention Policies on the Labor Market of the Hospitality and Retail Industries

Posted: 29 Jun 2020
University of Central Florida, Stanford University, University of Central Florida - Rosen College of Hospitality Management, University of Central Florida - Rosen College of Hospitality Management and University of Central Florida

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COVID-19, labor market, employment, coronavirus intervention policy, retail and hospitality sectors

84.

Beating the Heat: Temperature and Spatial Reallocation over the Short and Long-run

Posted: 11 Jan 2019
Christos Makridis and Tyler Ransom
Stanford University and University of Oklahoma

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climate, productivity, reallocation, weather, growth

85.

Work and Grow Rich: The Dynamic Effects of Performance Pay Contracts

Posted: 11 Jan 2019
Christos Makridis
Stanford University

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human capital, skill premium, earnings inequality, on the job learning, pay for performance