Brigit Toebes

University of Groningen

Associatie Professor

University of Groningen - Faculty of Law

9700 AH Groningen

Netherlands

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

35

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4,749

SSRN CITATIONS
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Top 31,348

in Total Papers Citations

28

CROSSREF CITATIONS

8

Scholarly Papers (35)

1.

The Human Right to Health and Climate Change: A Legal Perspective

Global Health Law Groningen Research Paper, 2015/1 (Input to Study on "Human Rights to Health and Climate Change" of the UN OHCHR)
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 11 Nov 2015 Last Revised: 22 Oct 2017
Marlies Hesselman, Brigit Toebes and Brigit Toebes
University of Groningen - Faculty of Law and University of GroningenUniversity of Groningen - Faculty of Law
Downloads 458 (120,505)

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human rights, human rights law, climate change, right to health, health, international human rights law, ICESCR, CRC, CEDAW, concluding observations, OHCHR, UNFCCC, COP21

2.

Human Rights and Public Health: Towards a Balanced Relationship

The International Journal of Human Rights (Special Issue), 19(4) 2015
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 13 Jun 2014 Last Revised: 04 Aug 2015
Brigit Toebes and Brigit Toebes
University of GroningenUniversity of Groningen - Faculty of Law
Downloads 417 (134,428)
Citation 2

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public health; global health; health security; human rights; right to health; international trade; tobacco control; civil and political rights; the right to privacy and family life; the right to physical integrity; limitation clauses; derogation clauses

3.

The Principles and Guidelines on Human Rights and Public Health Emergencies

University of Groningen Faculty of Law Research Paper No.14/2023
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 27 May 2023 Last Revised: 13 Jul 2023
York University, Osgoode Hall Law School, Sheffield Hallam University - Helena Kennedy Centre for International Justice, University of Essex - School of Law, University of Geneva - Graduate Institute, Geneva (IHEID), UNAIDS, University of Cambridge, University of Cape Town (UCT) - Faculty of Law, University of Geneva, University of Warwick - Centre for Interdisciplinary Methodologies, Global Initiative for Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (GI-ESCR), International Commission of Jurists, King’s College London, Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Tel Aviv University - Buchmann Faculty of Law, Georgetown University - Law Center - O'Neill Institute for National and Global Health Law, York University, World Health Organization, Center for Biomedical EthicsTaipei Medical University, University of North Carolina (UNC) at Chapel Hill, CSEF - University of Naples Federico II, Johns Hopkins University - Bloomberg School of Public Health, International Commission of Jurists, Madhira Institute, International Commission of Jurists, University of Warwick, United Nations, University of GroningenUniversity of Groningen - Faculty of Law, University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law, University of Washington - School of Law, Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law, Kenya Legal and Ethical Issues Network, Harvard University - Petrie-Flom Center for Health Law Policy, Biotechnology, and Bioethics and Physicians for Human Rights
Downloads 409 (137,535)

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global health law, public health law, human rights, public international law, public health emergency

4.

Access to Health Care for Undocumented Migrants from a Human Rights Perspective: A Comparative Study of Denmark, Sweden and the Netherlands

Health and Human Rights, Vol. 14, No. 2, University of Groningen Faculty of Law Research Paper 04/ 2012
Number of pages: 13 Posted: 16 Oct 2013 Last Revised: 18 Nov 2013
Dan Biswas, Brigit Toebes, Brigit Toebes, Anders Hjern, Henry Ascher and Marie Nørredam
University of Copenhagen, University of GroningenUniversity of Groningen - Faculty of Law, Stockholm University, University of Gothenburg and University of Copenhagen
Downloads 409 (137,535)
Citation 2

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International Health Law: An Emerging Field of Public International Law

Indian Journal of International Law, Vol 55, No 3 (2015)
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 26 Mar 2014 Last Revised: 11 Apr 2016
Brigit Toebes and Brigit Toebes
University of GroningenUniversity of Groningen - Faculty of Law
Downloads 352 (161,375)
Citation 2

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International health law, Right to health, Public health, Globalization, 21 Standard-setting

International Health Law: An Emerging Field of Public International Law

Indian Journal of International Law. 55, 3, p. 299-328 29 p., 20
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 24 Jul 2017
Brigit Toebes and Brigit Toebes
University of GroningenUniversity of Groningen - Faculty of Law
Downloads 49 (751,873)
Citation 2

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international health law

6.

Global Health Law: Defining the Field (Introduction)

Gian Luca Burci and Brigit Toebes, Research Handbook on Global Health Law, Edward Elgar, 2018., University of Groningen Faculty of Law Research Paper No. 1/2020
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 19 Dec 2019 Last Revised: 12 Mar 2020
Brigit Toebes and Brigit Toebes
University of GroningenUniversity of Groningen - Faculty of Law
Downloads 375 (151,678)
Citation 3

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global health law

7.

Healthcare on the Battlefield: In Search of a Legal and Ethical Framework

Journal of International Humanitarian Legal Studies, 4 (2013) pp. 197-219
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 22 May 2014 Last Revised: 12 Nov 2014
Brigit Toebes and Brigit Toebes
University of GroningenUniversity of Groningen - Faculty of Law
Downloads 280 (207,064)

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medical ethics, medical neutrality, dual loyalty, international humanitarian law, right to health, AAAQ, minimum core obligations, access to healthcare, medical personnel, military medical personnel, protected persons

8.

Human Rights and Non-Communicable Diseases: Controlling Tobacco and Promoting Healthy Diets

Lawrence O. Gostin and Benjamin Mason Meier (eds), Global Health and Human Rights, University of California Press, 2020., University of Groningen Faculty of Law Research Paper No. 11/2020
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 23 Dec 2019 Last Revised: 14 Mar 2020
Brigit Toebes, Brigit Toebes and David Patterson
University of GroningenUniversity of Groningen - Faculty of Law and Global Health Law Groningen Research Centre
Downloads 226 (256,872)
Citation 2

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noncommunicable diseases (NCDs); commercial determinants of health; preventable risk factors; tobacco use; unhealthy diets; right to health

9.

Health and Human Rights: In Search of the Legal Dimension

Human Rights & International Legal Discourse, 2015 9(2), 212-241
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 19 Jun 2014 Last Revised: 16 Mar 2018
Brigit Toebes and Brigit Toebes
University of GroningenUniversity of Groningen - Faculty of Law
Downloads 191 (298,616)

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10.

Human Rights, Health Sector Abuse and Corruption

HRHW Working Paper No. 64, University of Groningen Faculty of Law Research Paper 02/ 2011
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 19 Sep 2013 Last Revised: 18 Nov 2013
Brigit Toebes and Brigit Toebes
University of GroningenUniversity of Groningen - Faculty of Law
Downloads 179 (316,471)
Citation 4

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human rights, right to health, health sector corruption, health systems

11.

Medicine Procurement and the Use of Flexibilities in the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights, 2001–2016

Bulletin of the World Health Organization 2018;96:185–193, University of Groningen Faculty of Law Research Paper No. 15/2019
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 30 May 2019 Last Revised: 18 Jun 2019
Ellen 't Hoen, Jacquelyn D Veraldi, Brigit Toebes, Brigit Toebes and Hans Hogerzeil
affiliation not provided to SSRN, University of Groningen, University of GroningenUniversity of Groningen - Faculty of Law and University of Groningen
Downloads 151 (366,090)
Citation 3

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TRIPS, access to medicines, compulsory licensing, global health

12.

Private Sector Involvement in Healthcare and UHC: An Assessment in Light of the Right to the Highest Attainable Standard of Health

University of Groningen Faculty of Law Research Paper No. 2015/32
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 25 Aug 2015 Last Revised: 20 Sep 2015
Brigit Toebes, Brigit Toebes and Antenor Hallo de Wolf
University of GroningenUniversity of Groningen - Faculty of Law and University of Groningen - Faculty of Law
Downloads 137 (395,518)

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Universal Health Coverage - Right to Health

Access to Preventive Health Care for Undocumented Migrants: A Comparative Study of Germany, the Netherlands and Spain from a Human Rights Perspective

Laws 2016, 5, 9; doi:10.3390/laws5010009, University of Groningen Faculty of Law Research Paper 2016-13
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 19 Mar 2016 Last Revised: 02 Dec 2016
Brigit Toebes, Brigit Toebes, María Dalli and Veronika Flegar
University of GroningenUniversity of Groningen - Faculty of Law, Human Rights Institute, University of Valencia and University of Groningen, Faculty of Law
Downloads 72 (619,235)

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14.

Health and Humanitarian Assistance: Towards an Integrated Norm Under International Law

Tilburg Law Review 18 (2013) 133–151, University of Groningen Faculty of Law Research Paper 20/ 2013
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 16 Oct 2013 Last Revised: 18 Nov 2013
Brigit Toebes and Brigit Toebes
University of GroningenUniversity of Groningen - Faculty of Law
Downloads 109 (470,403)

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15.

The Right to Health and the Privatization of National Health Systems: A Case Study of the Netherlands

Health and Human Rights, 2006, 9(1): pp.102-127
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 19 Sep 2013 Last Revised: 01 Oct 2013
Brigit Toebes and Brigit Toebes
University of GroningenUniversity of Groningen - Faculty of Law
Downloads 98 (506,713)
Citation 4

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right to health, health care privatization, Health and Human Rights

16.

The Framework Convention on Global Heath: Considerations in Light of International Law

Global Health Governance, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 05 Jan 2015
Brigit Toebes and Brigit Toebes
University of GroningenUniversity of Groningen - Faculty of Law
Downloads 89 (538,912)

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Framework Convention on Global Health, public health, right to health

17.

Implementing the Torture Convention: Protecting Human Dignity and Integrity in Healthcare

Number of pages: 56 Posted: 08 Nov 2013
Veelke Derckx, Antenor Hallo de Wolf, Brigit Toebes and Brigit Toebes
University of Groningen, University of Groningen - Faculty of Law and University of GroningenUniversity of Groningen - Faculty of Law
Downloads 81 (570,764)

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18.

The European Union and Health and Human Rights

European Human Rights Law Review 2011, No. 4
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 21 Sep 2013 Last Revised: 03 Oct 2017
Brigit Toebes, Brigit Toebes and Janne Rothmar Herrmann
University of GroningenUniversity of Groningen - Faculty of Law and University of Copenhagen - Faculty of Law
Downloads 76 (592,031)

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19.

Access to Health Services: What are the Legal Milestones?

Number of pages: 5 Posted: 31 Oct 2014
Brigit Toebes and Brigit Toebes
University of GroningenUniversity of Groningen - Faculty of Law
Downloads 70 (619,429)

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Health law, right to health, accountability

20.

Adopting New International Health Instruments - What Can We Learn from the FCTC?

International Journal of Health Policy and Management, 2018 7(3), 264-267. DOI:10.15171/ijhpm.2017.78, University of Groningen Faculty of Law Research Paper No. 8/2018
Number of pages: 5 Posted: 15 Mar 2018 Last Revised: 13 Apr 2018
Brigit Toebes, Brigit Toebes and Marlies Hesselman
University of GroningenUniversity of Groningen - Faculty of Law and University of Groningen - Faculty of Law
Downloads 63 (654,349)

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health instruments, FCTC, tobacco control, unhealthy diets

21.

Identifying a Human Rights-Based Approach to Obesity for States and Civil Society

D. Patterson, K. Buse, R. Magnusson, B. Toebes, "Identifying a Human Rights-Based Approach to Obesity for States and Civil Society", Obesity Reviews, 2019, pp. 1-12 , Sydney Law School Research Paper No. #19/45, University of Groningen Faculty of Law Research Paper No. 40/2019
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 29 Aug 2019 Last Revised: 16 Oct 2019
David Patterson, Kent Buse, Roger Magnusson, Brigit Toebes and Brigit Toebes
Global Health Law Groningen Research Centre, UNAIDS, The University of Sydney - Faculty of Law and University of GroningenUniversity of Groningen - Faculty of Law
Downloads 56 (692,511)
Citation 2

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civil society, HIV, human rights, law, obesity

22.

Tobacco Control Legislation in the Netherlands

University of Groningen Faculty of Law Research Paper 18/2017
Number of pages: 3 Posted: 18 Oct 2017 Last Revised: 14 Mar 2018
Brigit Toebes, Brigit Toebes and Willem Bantema
University of GroningenUniversity of Groningen - Faculty of Law and NHL Stenden Hogeschool
Downloads 56 (698,313)

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Tobacco Control, Netherlands, Tobacco sale, Smoking ban bars, non-compliance, FCTC

23.

Curbing the Lifestyle Disease Pandemic: Making Progress on an Interdisciplinary Research Agenda for Law and Policy Interventions

BMC Int Health Hum Rights, DOI:10.1186/s12914-017-0131-5, 2017, University of Groningen Faculty of Law Research Paper No. 15/2017
Number of pages: 6 Posted: 04 Oct 2017 Last Revised: 12 Oct 2017
Brigit Toebes, Brigit Toebes, Marlies Hesselman, Jitse van Dijk and Joost Herman
University of GroningenUniversity of Groningen - Faculty of Law, University of Groningen - Faculty of Law, University of Groningen - University Medical Center Groningen (UMCG) and Globalisation Studies Groningen
Downloads 54 (704,121)

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Noncommunicable Diseases, Interdisciplinary Research Agenda, Law and Policy

24.

Essential Medicines in National Constitutions: Progress Since 2008

Perehudoff, S. K., Toebes, B., & Hogerzeil, H. (2016). Essential Medicines in National Constitutions: Progress since 2008. Health and Human Rights, 18(1), 141-156.
Number of pages: 17 Posted: 27 Apr 2017
Perehudoff Katrina, Brigit Toebes, Brigit Toebes and Hans Hogerzeil
Law Centre for Health and Life, Amsterdam Law School, University of Amsterdam, University of GroningenUniversity of Groningen - Faculty of Law and University of Groningen
Downloads 54 (704,121)

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access to medicines, human rights, constitutional law, right to health

25.

A Missing Voice: The Human Rights of Children to a Tobacco-Free Environment

Tobacco Control, DOI:10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2017-053657, Published Online First: 12 July 2017, University of Groningen Faculty of Law Research Paper No. 16/2017
Number of pages: 5 Posted: 10 Oct 2017 Last Revised: 22 Nov 2017
Brigit Toebes, Brigit Toebes, Marie Elske Gispen, Jasper Been and Aziz Sheikh
University of GroningenUniversity of Groningen - Faculty of Law, University of Groningen Faculty of Law, Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) and University of Edinburgh - Usher Institute
Downloads 52 (716,145)
Citation 2

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Tobacco Control, Human Rights, Right to Health, Best Interest of the Child

26.

Integrating Economic and Social Rights in a Rights-Based Approach to Development Aid

Number of pages: 9 Posted: 15 Jan 2015
Brigit Toebes and Brigit Toebes
University of GroningenUniversity of Groningen - Faculty of Law
Downloads 52 (716,145)

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human rights based approach to development, progressive realisation, economic, social and cultural rights

27.

A Human Rights-Based Approach to the Reimbursement of Expensive Medicines

Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 2016;94:935–936, University of Groningen Faculty of Law Research Paper 2017-06
Number of pages: 3 Posted: 27 Apr 2017 Last Revised: 15 Jun 2017
Perehudoff Katrina, Brigit Toebes, Brigit Toebes and Hans Hogerzeil
Law Centre for Health and Life, Amsterdam Law School, University of Amsterdam, University of GroningenUniversity of Groningen - Faculty of Law and University of Groningen
Downloads 45 (761,328)

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access to medicines, human rights, patent, TRIPs, equity, efficiency, cost-effectiveness

28.

Closing the Gap: A Human Rights Approach Towards Social Determinants of Health

European Journal of Health Law, Vol. 23, 2016, University of Groningen Faculty of Law Research Paper 2016-14
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 19 Mar 2016 Last Revised: 22 Jul 2017
Brigit Toebes, Brigit Toebes and Karien Stronks
University of GroningenUniversity of Groningen - Faculty of Law and University of Amsterdam - Department of Public Health
Downloads 40 (796,941)

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public health, health inequalities, social determinants of health, human rights, right to health, European context, multidisciplinary scholarship

29.

The Legal Enforceability of Articles 8.2 and 5.3 of the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control: The Case of the Netherlands

Brill Open Law (2018) 1-13, University of Groningen Faculty of Law Research Paper No. 32/2019
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 17 Jun 2019 Last Revised: 16 Oct 2019
Gohar Karapetian, Brigit Toebes and Brigit Toebes
University of Groningen, Faculty of Law and University of GroningenUniversity of Groningen - Faculty of Law
Downloads 33 (851,926)

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FCTC, tobacco control, smoking bans

30.

The World Health Organization Was Born as a Normative Agency: Seventy-Five Years of Global Health Law Under Who Governance

Georgetown University Law Center Research Paper No. Forthcoming, PLOS Global Public Health, Vol. 4, art. no. e0002928, 2024, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pgph.0002928., (2024). Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works. 2593., University of Groningen Faculty of Law Research Paper No.8/2024
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 18 Apr 2024 Last Revised: 22 May 2024
Georgetown University - Law Center - O'Neill Institute for National and Global Health Law, University of North Carolina (UNC) at Chapel Hill, University of the Witwatersrand - School of Public Health, University of Essex - School of Law, University of Geneva - Graduate Institute, Geneva (IHEID), University of Cape Town (UCT) - Faculty of Law, Georgetown University - The O'Neill Institute for National and Global Health Law, Georgetown University Law Center, York University, Osgoode Hall Law School, O'Neill Institute for National and Global Health Law, Taipei Medical University, University of GroningenUniversity of Groningen - Faculty of Law and Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law
Downloads 16 (1,014,524)
Citation 1

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Global health, Human rights, Pandemics, Public and occupational health, COVID 19, Critical care and emergency medicine, Health economics, International relations

31.

Socio-Economic Human Rights in Essential Public Services Provision

in: Human Rights and International Law Series (Routledge, Abingdon 2017), University of Groningen Faculty of Law Research Paper No. 26/2020
Posted: 15 Jun 2020 Last Revised: 23 Jun 2021
Marlies Hesselman, Antenor Hallo de Wolf, Brigit Toebes and Brigit Toebes
University of Groningen - Faculty of Law, University of Groningen - Faculty of Law and University of GroningenUniversity of Groningen - Faculty of Law

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32.

International Guideposts for Socio-Economic Human Rights in Essential Public Services Provision

Hesselman, Hallo de Wolf, Toebes (eds) Socio-Economic Human Rights in Essential Public Services Provision, 299-327, Routlegde, Abingdon 2017, University of Groningen Faculty of Law Research Paper No. 31/2020
Posted: 16 May 2020 Last Revised: 23 Jun 2021
Marlies Hesselman, Antenor Hallo de Wolf, Brigit Toebes and Brigit Toebes
University of Groningen - Faculty of Law, University of Groningen - Faculty of Law and University of GroningenUniversity of Groningen - Faculty of Law

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Socio-Economic Human Rights, International Law, ICESCR, Participation, Accountability, Core Obligations, AAAQ, Progressive Realization, Resources, Universal Service Obligations, Human Rights Law

33.

Common Challenges for Socio-Economic Human Rights and Essential Public Services Provision

Hesselman, Hallo de Wolf, Toebes, 'Socio-Economic Human Rights in Essential Public Services Provision', 1-19, Routledge, Abingdon 2017, University of Groningen Faculty of Law Research Paper No. 12/2020
Posted: 16 May 2020 Last Revised: 24 Jun 2021
Marlies Hesselman, Antenor Hallo de Wolf, Brigit Toebes and Brigit Toebes
University of Groningen - Faculty of Law, University of Groningen - Faculty of Law and University of GroningenUniversity of Groningen - Faculty of Law

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Socio-Economic Human Rights, ICESCR, Social Rights, International Human Rights Law, Right to Health, Right to Water, Right to Energy, Right to Education, Human Rights, Essential Public Services, Right to Basic Services, Business and Human Rights

34.

Sex Selection under International Human Rights Law

Medical Law International, Vol. 9, No. 3, pp. 197-225, September 2008
Posted: 21 Sep 2013
Brigit Toebes and Brigit Toebes
University of GroningenUniversity of Groningen - Faculty of Law

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35.

Towards an Improved Understanding of the International Right to Health

Human Rights Quarterly, 21.3 (1999) pp. 661-679
Posted: 19 Sep 2013
Brigit Toebes and Brigit Toebes
University of GroningenUniversity of Groningen - Faculty of Law

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Other Papers (1)

Total Downloads: 31
1.

Human Rights and the Tobacco Industry: An Unsuitable Alliance

International Journal of Health Policy and Management, 2018 x(x), 1(2), DOI 10.15171/ijhpm.2018.03
Number of pages: 1 Posted: 15 Mar 2018 Last Revised: 01 Oct 2020
Brigit Toebes and Brigit Toebes
University of GroningenUniversity of Groningen - Faculty of Law
Downloads 31

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tobacco industry, human rights responsibilities, responsibility to respect, Ruggie Principles