Robert R. Kuehn

Washington University in St. Louis - School of Law

Professor of Law

Campus Box 1120

One Brookings Drive

St. Louis, MO 63130-4899

United States

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

43

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8,918

SSRN CITATIONS
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Top 37,900

in Total Papers Citations

16

CROSSREF CITATIONS

9

Scholarly Papers (43)

1.

A Taxonomy of Environmental Justice

Number of pages: 24 Posted: 01 Dec 2004
Robert R. Kuehn
Washington University in St. Louis - School of Law
Downloads 2,360 (11,561)
Citation 6

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environmental justice, environmental law, distributive justice, social justice

2.

Pricing Clinical Legal Education

92 Denver University Law Review 1 (2014), Washington University in St. Louis Legal Studies Research Paper No. 15-12-02
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 29 Aug 2013 Last Revised: 04 Dec 2015
Robert R. Kuehn
Washington University in St. Louis - School of Law
Downloads 873 (51,218)
Citation 4

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legal education, law schools, clinical legal education, law clinic, experiential legal education

3.

Conflict of Interest and Competency Issues in Law Clinic Practice

Washington U. School of Law Working Paper 02-12-01
Number of pages: 87 Posted: 19 Feb 2004
Peter A. Joy and Robert R. Kuehn
Washington University in St. Louis - School of Law and Washington University in St. Louis - School of Law
Downloads 593 (84,737)
Citation 1

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4.

A Study of the Relationship between Law School Coursework and Bar Exam Outcomes

68 Journal of Legal Education 624 (2019), Washington University in St. Louis Legal Studies Research Paper, Wayne State University Law School Research Paper No. 2020-72
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 04 Sep 2019 Last Revised: 29 Jul 2020
Robert R. Kuehn and David R. Moss
Washington University in St. Louis - School of Law and Wayne State University Law School
Downloads 575 (88,140)

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legal education, law school, bar exam, clinical legal education, experiential education, law clinic, externship

5.

The Status of Clinical Faculty in the Legal Academy: Report of the Task Force on the Status of Clinicians and the Legal Academy

Washington University in St. Louis Legal Studies Research Paper No. 10-06-07
Number of pages: 63 Posted: 22 Jun 2010 Last Revised: 04 Oct 2012
Case Western Reserve University School of Law, University of Hawaii at Manoa - William S. Richardson School of Law, William Mitchell College of Law, George Washington University Law School, Mitchell Hamline School of Law, Washington University in St. Louis - School of Law, Syracuse University College of Law and University of Michigan Law School
Downloads 369 (149,238)
Citation 2

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Law Schools, Legal Academy, Clinical Faculty, Law Clinics, Externships, Legal Education, Clinical Legal Education

6.

Measuring Clinical Legal Education's Employment Outcomes

2015 Wisconsin Law Review 645, Washington University in St. Louis Legal Studies Research Paper No. 15-12-01
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 16 Aug 2015 Last Revised: 04 May 2017
Robert R. Kuehn
Washington University in St. Louis - School of Law
Downloads 265 (211,647)
Citation 1

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legal education, law school, clinical legal education, experiential legal education, experiential learning, clinical, law clinic, skills, skills training

7.

Shifting Law School Faculty Demographics

Clinical Legal Education Association Newsletter, Vol. 30 (Winter 2021-2022)
Number of pages: 3 Posted: 12 Jan 2022
Robert R. Kuehn
Washington University in St. Louis - School of Law
Downloads 232 (241,125)

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legal education, law school, law faculty, law school demographics, law school gender, law school race

8.

The Evolution of ABA Standards for Clinical Faculty

Tennessee Law Review, Vol. 75, No. 2, 2008, U of Alabama Public Law Research Paper No. 1145547, Washington U. School of Law Working Paper No. 08-06-01
Number of pages: 52 Posted: 16 Jun 2008
Peter A. Joy and Robert R. Kuehn
Washington University in St. Louis - School of Law and Washington University in St. Louis - School of Law
Downloads 210 (264,843)

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American Bar Association (ABA), legal education, law schools, ABA Standards, clinical legal education, academic freedom, tenure

9.

An Empirical Analysis of Clinical Legal Education at Middle Age

71 Journal of Legal Education 622 (2022)
Number of pages: 51 Posted: 01 Mar 2023 Last Revised: 05 Mar 2024
Robert R. Kuehn and David A. Santacroce
Washington University in St. Louis - School of Law and University of Michigan Law School
Downloads 208 (267,241)
Citation 1

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legal education, law school, law clinic, field placement, clinical legal education

10.

Lessons from Forty Years of Interference in Law School Clinics

Georgetown Journal of Legal Ethics, Vol. 24, No. 59, 2011, Washington University in St. Louis Legal Studies Research Paper No. 11-01-02
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 10 Feb 2011
Robert R. Kuehn and Bridget McCormack
Washington University in St. Louis - School of Law and University of Michigan Law School
Downloads 205 (270,822)

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11.

An Ethics Critique of Interference in Law School Clinics

Washington U School of Law Working Paper No. 03-05-02; U of Alabama, Public Law Research Paper No. 06-06
Number of pages: 81 Posted: 11 Jun 2004
Robert R. Kuehn and Peter A. Joy
Washington University in St. Louis - School of Law and Washington University in St. Louis - School of Law
Downloads 197 (280,776)

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12.

Lawyering in the Academy: The Intersection of Academic Freedom and Professional Responsibility

Journal of Legal Education, Vol. 59, 2009, Washington U. School of Law Working Paper No. 09-10-02
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 08 Oct 2009
Peter A. Joy and Robert R. Kuehn
Washington University in St. Louis - School of Law and Washington University in St. Louis - School of Law
Downloads 167 (324,975)
Citation 1

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academic freedom, academy, autonomy, clinic, clinical education, discretion, ethics, faculty governance, freedom in the classroom, interference in clinical programs, internal interference, law clinic, practicing law within law schools, professional responsibility, restrictions on clinics

13.

Undermining Justice: The Legal Profession's Role in Restricting Access to Legal Representation

Utah Law Review, Vol. 1039, 2006
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 01 Jun 2007
Robert R. Kuehn
Washington University in St. Louis - School of Law
Downloads 167 (324,975)

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access to justice, pro bono, legal ethics

14.

Survey of Applied Legal Education

Washington University in St. Louis Legal Studies Research Paper Series No. 10-04-03, NYLS Clinical Research Institute Paper No. 09/10 #25
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 07 Apr 2010 Last Revised: 24 May 2014
David A. Santacroce and Robert R. Kuehn
University of Michigan Law School and Washington University in St. Louis - School of Law
Downloads 165 (328,416)

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legal education, applied legal education, clinical legal education, clinic, law clinic, externship, field placement, law school, law faculty, clinical faculty, clinician

15.

Scientific Speech: Protecting the Right of Environmental Scientists to Express Professional Opinions

Environmental Law Reporter, Vol. 35, p. 10857, 2005, U of Alabama Public Law Research Paper No. 08-03
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 09 Dec 2005
Robert R. Kuehn
Washington University in St. Louis - School of Law
Downloads 163 (331,838)

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environmental science, scientific speech, suppression

16.

Universal Clinical Legal Education: Necessary and Feasible

53 Washington University Journal of Law and Policy 89 (2017)
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 30 Mar 2017 Last Revised: 13 May 2018
Robert R. Kuehn
Washington University in St. Louis - School of Law
Downloads 160 (337,160)

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legal education, law schools, clinical legal education, law clinic, experiential legal education, externship

17.

Suppression of Environmental Science

Number of pages: 38 Posted: 16 Nov 2004
Robert R. Kuehn
Washington University in St. Louis - School of Law
Downloads 157 (342,462)

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environmental science, environmental speech, suppression

18.

Bias in Environmental Agency Decision Making

45 Environmental Law 957 (2015)
Number of pages: 62 Posted: 27 Mar 2015 Last Revised: 02 Feb 2016
Robert R. Kuehn
Washington University in St. Louis - School of Law
Downloads 156 (344,352)

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environmental law, bias, environmental agency, conflict of interest, adminstrative law, administrative agency

19.

The 2010-11 Survey of Applied Legal Education

Center for the Study of Applied Legal Education, 2012, Washington University in St. Louis Legal Studies Research Paper No. 12-05-01, U of Michigan Public Law Research Paper No. 282
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 02 May 2012 Last Revised: 01 Jan 2013
Robert R. Kuehn and David A. Santacroce
Washington University in St. Louis - School of Law and University of Michigan Law School
Downloads 150 (355,615)

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legal education, applied legal education, clinical legal education, clinic, law clinic, externship, field placement, law school, law faculty, clinical faculty, clinician

20.

2019-20 Survey of Applied Legal Education

Center for the Study of Applied Legal Education (Sept. 2020), Washington University in St. Louis Legal Studies Research Paper Forthcoming
Number of pages: 73 Posted: 11 Nov 2020
Robert R. Kuehn, Margaret Reuter and David A. Santacroce
Washington University in St. Louis - School of Law, University of Missouri at Kansas City - School of Law and University of Michigan Law School
Downloads 149 (357,561)

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[comma separated]legal education, applied legal education, clinical legal education, clinic, law clinic, externship, field placement, law school, law faculty, clinical faculty, clinician, experiential education

21.

A Normative Analysis of the Rights and Duties of Law Professors to Speak Out

Number of pages: 49 Posted: 16 Nov 2004
Robert R. Kuehn
Washington University in St. Louis - School of Law
Downloads 132 (393,372)

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law professors, legal education, speech, academic freedom

22.

‘Kneecapping’ Academic Freedom

Academe, Vol. 96, p. 6, 2010, Washington University in St. Louis Legal Studies Research Paper No. 10-11-01
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 04 Dec 2010 Last Revised: 17 Nov 2015
Peter A. Joy and Robert R. Kuehn
Washington University in St. Louis - School of Law and Washington University in St. Louis - School of Law
Downloads 126 (407,917)

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Academy, Academic Freedom, Association of American University Professors, AAUP, Clinic, Clinical Education, Education, Freedom in the Classroom, Higher Education, Interference in Clinical Programs, Interference in Service Learning, Internal Intrusions on Law Clinic Lawyering, Law School, University

23.

The Disparate Treatment of Clinical Law Faculty

Washington University in St. Louis School of Law Legal Studies Research Paper Series
Number of pages: 5 Posted: 06 Jan 2021
Robert R. Kuehn
Washington University in St. Louis - School of Law
Downloads 116 (433,798)

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legal education, law school, law school faculty, clinical law faculty, law clinic, externship, tenure, tenure track

24.

Implementation of the ABA's New Experiential Training Requirement: More Whimper Than Bang

Clinical Legal Education Association Newsletter, Vol. 29 (Spring 2021), Washington University in St. Louis Legal Studies Research Paper Forthcoming
Number of pages: 5 Posted: 04 May 2021
Robert R. Kuehn
Washington University in St. Louis - School of Law
Downloads 105 (466,626)

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legal education, law school, experiential training, law clinic, externship, field placement

25.

Shooting the Messenger: The Ethics of Attacks on Environmental Representation

Number of pages: 42 Posted: 05 Sep 2003
Robert R. Kuehn
Washington University in St. Louis - School of Law
Downloads 103 (473,229)

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legal ethics; environmental representation; professional conduct; attacks

26.

2013-14 Survey of Applied Legal Education

Number of pages: 47 Posted: 22 Feb 2015 Last Revised: 29 Jun 2015
Robert R. Kuehn and David A. Santacroce
Washington University in St. Louis - School of Law and University of Michigan Law School
Downloads 93 (506,290)

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legal education, applied legal education, clinical legal education, clinic, law clinic, externship, field placement, law school, law faculty, clinical faculty, clinician

27.

The 2016-17 Survey of Applied Legal Education

U of Michigan Public Law Research Paper No. 639
Number of pages: 53 Posted: 13 Jun 2019 Last Revised: 24 Sep 2020
Robert R. Kuehn and David A. Santacroce
Washington University in St. Louis - School of Law and University of Michigan Law School
Downloads 85 (535,401)

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legal education, applied legal education, clinical legal education, clinic, law clinic, externship, field placement, law school, law faculty, clinical faculty, clinician, experiential education

28.

Refuting the False Trope on Clinical Courses and Bar Passage

Clinical Legal Education Association Newsletter, Vol. 28 (Winter 2019-20), Washington University in St. Louis Legal Studies Research Paper
Number of pages: 2 Posted: 14 Jan 2020
Robert R. Kuehn
Washington University in St. Louis - School of Law
Downloads 82 (547,206)

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legal education, law school, clinical legal education, bar exam, experiential education, law clinic, externship

29.

Addressing Bias in Administrative Environmental Decisions

37 J. Nat'l Ass'n Admin. L. Judiciary 693 (2017), Environmental Law at 45 Envtl. L. 957 (2015)
Number of pages: 93 Posted: 16 May 2018
Robert R. Kuehn
Washington University in St. Louis - School of Law
Downloads 72 (589,395)

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environmental law, bias, environmental agency, conflict of interest, administrative law, administrative agency

30.

If a 6 Turned Out to Be 9, I Don't Mind (But 3? or 2!): The Uneven Implementation of Mandatory Experiential Credits

Clinical Legal Education Newsletter, Vol. 27 (Winter 2018-19)
Number of pages: 2 Posted: 29 Jan 2019
Robert R. Kuehn
Washington University in St. Louis - School of Law
Downloads 59 (653,277)

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legal education, law school, clinical legal education, experiential education

31.

Do Law Schools Adequately Prepare Students for Practice? Surveys Say . . . No!

Clinical Legal Education Newsletter (Vol 24) 2016
Number of pages: 4 Posted: 27 Jul 2021
Robert R. Kuehn
Washington University in St. Louis - School of Law
Downloads 58 (658,660)

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legal education, law schools, bar exam

32.

Mandatory Professional Skills Training: What a Long Strange Trip It's Been

Clinical Legal Education Newsletter (Spring 2018)
Number of pages: 5 Posted: 23 May 2018
Robert R. Kuehn
Washington University in St. Louis - School of Law
Downloads 49 (711,164)

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legal education, law schools, clinical legal education, experiential education, professional skills

33.

A Sneak Peak at CSALE 2019-20: Clinical Law Faculty and Their Courses

Clinical Legal Education Association Newsletter, Vol. 28 (Spring 2020), Washington University in St. Louis Legal Studies Research Paper
Number of pages: 4 Posted: 18 May 2020 Last Revised: 20 May 2020
Robert R. Kuehn
Washington University in St. Louis - School of Law
Downloads 46 (730,277)

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legal education, law school, clinical legal education, law clinic, externship, experiential

34.

The Economic Value of Law Clinic Legal Assistance

Clinical Legal Education Association Newsletter, Vol. 30 (Spring 2022)
Number of pages: 3 Posted: 16 May 2022
Robert R. Kuehn
Washington University in St. Louis - School of Law
Downloads 44 (743,586)

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legal education, law school, law clinic, clinical legal education

35.

Law School Specialty Program Ranking Credibility

Number of pages: 4 Posted: 27 Apr 2022
Robert R. Kuehn
Washington University in St. Louis - School of Law
Downloads 41 (764,383)

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legal education, law school, law faculty, law school, college rankings

36.

Law School Specialty Program Rankings: Is the Tail Wagging the Dog?

Clinical Legal Education Association Newsletter, Vol. 27 (Spring 2019)
Number of pages: 3 Posted: 29 May 2019
Robert R. Kuehn
Washington University in St. Louis - School of Law
Downloads 39 (778,819)

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legal education, law school, clinical legal education

37.

Clinical Faculty in the Legal Academy: Hiring, Promotion and Retention

Journal of Legal Education, Volume 62, Number 1 (August 2012)
Number of pages: 47 Posted: 12 Apr 2017
Case Western Reserve University School of Law, University of Hawaii at Manoa - William S. Richardson School of Law, William Mitchell College of Law, George Washington University Law School, Mitchell Hamline School of Law, Washington University in St. Louis - School of Law, Syracuse University College of Law and University of Michigan Law School
Downloads 39 (778,819)

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clinical faculty, academia, education, legal clinic, tenure model, faculty retention, experiential learning

38.

Whither Clinical Courses and Bar Exam Passage?

Clinical Legal Education Association Newsletter (Winter 2015)
Number of pages: 3 Posted: 03 Jan 2019
Robert R. Kuehn
Washington University in St. Louis - School of Law
Downloads 32 (832,840)

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legal education, law school, clinical legal education, experiential education, bar exam

39.

Clinical Costs: Separating Fact From Opinion

Clinical Legal Education Association Newsletter, Vol. 24 (Spring 2016)
Number of pages: 4 Posted: 05 Apr 2019
Robert R. Kuehn
Washington University in St. Louis - School of Law
Downloads 28 (866,298)

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Legal Education, Law School, Clinical Legal Education, Experiential Education

40.

A Clinical Experience for All Students: It's Not a Question of Cost

Clinical Legal Education Association Newsletter, Vol. 25 (Spring 2017)
Number of pages: 3 Posted: 16 Feb 2019
Robert R. Kuehn
Washington University in St. Louis - School of Law
Downloads 26 (884,220)

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Legal Education, Law School, Clinical Legal Education, Experiential Education

41.

2022-23 Survey of Applied Legal Education

Number of pages: 70 Posted: 11 Oct 2023
Washington University in St. Louis - School of Law, University of Michigan Law School, University of Missouri at Kansas City - School of Law, University of Iowa - College of Law and Cornell Law School
Downloads 16 (980,677)
Citation 1

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legal education, applied legal education, clinical legal education, clinic, law clinic, externship, field placement, law school, law faculty, clinical faculty, clinician, experiential education

42.

Who's Minding the Clinical Legal Education Store?

32 Clinical Legal Education Newsletter (Winter 2023-2024)
Number of pages: 3 Posted: 19 Jan 2024
Robert R. Kuehn
Washington University in St. Louis - School of Law
Downloads 6 (1,074,259)

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legal education, law school, law clinic, clinical legal education, field placement

43.

Environmental Enforcement: Cases and Materials

U of Alabama Public Law Research Paper No. 1012685, Joel A. Mintz, Clifford L. Rechtschaffen, Robert R. Kuehn, ENVIRONMENTAL ENFORCEMENT: CASES AND MATERIALS, Carolina Academic Press, 2007, NSU Shepard Broad Law Center Research Paper No. 08-003
Posted: 11 Sep 2007 Last Revised: 18 Jun 2014
Nova Southeastern University, Golden Gate University - School of Law and Washington University in St. Louis - School of Law

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environment, enforcement, environmental law, environmental enforcement

Other Papers (1)

Total Downloads: 51
1.

Clinical Law Faculty: Who Are You? Who, Who, Who, Who?

Clinical Legal Education Newsletter (Winter 2017)
Number of pages: 3 Posted: 09 Aug 2018 Last Revised: 26 Jan 2019
Robert R. Kuehn
Washington University in St. Louis - School of Law
Downloads 51

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legal education, law faculty, clinical legal education, law clinic, externship, clinical, clinician