Michelle Ledger

Cullen International

Clos Lucien Outers 11-21/1

Brussels, 1160

Belgium

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Scholarly Papers (1)

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Measuring Independence: Approaches, Limitations, and a New Ranking Tool

In: The Independence of the Media and Its Regulatory Agencies. Shedding New Light on Formal and Actual Independence Against the National Context, W. Schulz, P. Valcke & K. Irion (eds.), Bristol UK/ Chicago USA: Intellect 2013, p. 139-184.
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 15 Apr 2014
Kristina Irion and Michelle Ledger
University of Amsterdam and Cullen International
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Abstract:

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independent regulatory authorities, independence, formal independence, de facto indepedence, composite index, ranking tool